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Study sets matching "ap european chapter 14"

AP European Chapter 14
Rebirth
Themes
Trajectories
Cosimo de' Medici
Term for Renaissance
1.) Specific artistic practices ... 2.) Competition between chri…
1.) Culture revolutions... 2.) European expansion to non-europea…
~Leader of Florence... ~Sponsored the Platonic Academy
Rebirth
Term for Renaissance
Themes
1.) Specific artistic practices ... 2.) Competition between chri…
6 terms
CHAPTER 14 AP EUROPEAN
Ptolemaic System
Geocentrism
Heliocentrism
Empiricism
The basis of which they made math calculations relating to as…
Theory composed by Ptolemy. States that earth is the center o…
Theory composed by Copernicus. States that the sun is the cen…
Created by Francis Bacon. Theory that all knowledge is from s…
Ptolemaic System
The basis of which they made math calculations relating to as…
Geocentrism
Theory composed by Ptolemy. States that earth is the center o…
60 terms
AP European History Chapter 14: Reformations and Religious Wars
Martin Luther - 3
anticlericalism - 3
papal curia - 4
clerical privileges and immunities - 4
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
opposition to clergy
pope's court in Rome
priests, monks, and nuns exempt from civic responsibilities s…
Martin Luther - 3
German Catholic monk who tried to reform the Catholic Church…
anticlericalism - 3
opposition to clergy
AP European History Chapter 14
Disorders of the early-16th century ch…
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Benefices
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Many clerics holding more than one office/church benefice at…
Official not participating in benefices
Offices of clergymen; churchmen often help multiple benefices…
Disorders of the early-16th century ch…
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Pluralism
Many clerics holding more than one office/church benefice at…
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest (1450-1650))
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
68 terms
Ap European History Chapter 14 Study Guide
EQ1: Compare & Contrast Catholic and P…
Pluralism
Absenteeism
Anti-Clericalism
Protestants believed that authority exists in the Bible alone…
the holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official nonparticipation in benefices but receiving payme…
opposition to the clergy in the early 16th century, because o…
EQ1: Compare & Contrast Catholic and P…
Protestants believed that authority exists in the Bible alone…
Pluralism
the holding of several benefices, or church offices.
124 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Age of Exploration
Fantastic Lands
Prester John
Economic Gain
- began at the end of the 15th century ... - 3 causes: ... 1. Fanta…
- cause of the Age of Exploration ... - Europeans were intereste…
- a mysterious Christian community in Africa... - rumored to be…
- one of the causes of the Age of Exploration ... - Mongols open…
Age of Exploration
- began at the end of the 15th century ... - 3 causes: ... 1. Fanta…
Fantastic Lands
- cause of the Age of Exploration ... - Europeans were intereste…
32 terms
AP EUROPEAN chapter 14
Galileo believed that all aspects of n…
Which of the following is true of the…
The scientific fact that the orbits of…
He published On the Revolutions of the…
Mathematical relationships
It was not rapid
Kepler
Nicolaus Copernicus
Galileo believed that all aspects of n…
Mathematical relationships
Which of the following is true of the…
It was not rapid
27 terms
AP European Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Pluralism
The Imitation of Christ
Ecumenical Council
Indulgence
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Spiritual classic authored by Thomas a Kempis (c. 1380-1471)…
A worldwide gathering of Catholic bishops convened by the Pop…
Pardon sold by catholic church to reduce one's punishment.
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
The Imitation of Christ
Spiritual classic authored by Thomas a Kempis (c. 1380-1471)…
50 terms
Chapter 14 Ap European History
Prester John
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice and traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mer…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of Johns Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
78 terms
AP European History-Chapter 14- Reformation
Simony
Pluralism
Nepotism
Absenteeism
The selling of Church offices
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
Favoritism shown to relatives or close friends by those in po…
An official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Simony
The selling of Church offices
Pluralism
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
51 terms
AP Euro Chapter 14: European Exploration and Conquest
entrepôt
Goods traded at Malacca
Port of Calicut
Marco Polo
a trading post to which goods were shipped for storage while…
Chinese porcelain, silks, and camphor; pepper, gloves, nutmeg…
Center of Indian Ocean spice trade during the Middle Ages
Venetian trader and explorer who wrote about his travels (127…
entrepôt
a trading post to which goods were shipped for storage while…
Goods traded at Malacca
Chinese porcelain, silks, and camphor; pepper, gloves, nutmeg…
11 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
audiencias
capital
conquistadors
encomienda
advisory group who assisted the viceroy in governing Spanish…
material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
a system that allowed Spanish settlers to collect tribute and…
audiencias
advisory group who assisted the viceroy in governing Spanish…
capital
material wealth used or available for use in the production o…
45 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Marco Polo
God, Glory and Gold
portolani
Ptolemy's Geography
Wrote Travels a novel about his experience traveling across E…
most conqusitdors and explorers were motivated to travel to s…
charts made by medieval navigators and mathematicians in the…
a map made by Ptolemy a second century astronomer and was onl…
Marco Polo
Wrote Travels a novel about his experience traveling across E…
God, Glory and Gold
most conqusitdors and explorers were motivated to travel to s…
25 terms
Chapter 14: AP European History
Axial Rudder
Compass
Vasco De Gama
Astrolabe
Invention by the Chinese that allowed ships to maneover easily.
Instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the dir…
(1460-1524) Portuguese explorer who rounded the Cape of Good…
astronomical instrument for taking the altitude of the sun or…
Axial Rudder
Invention by the Chinese that allowed ships to maneover easily.
Compass
Instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the dir…
41 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
King Henry VIII
Pius II
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-…
pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusad…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Absenteeism
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Benefices
The Imitation of Christ
Ecumenical council
a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, pr…
offices
by Thomas a Kempis, gained wide appeal among lay-people, urge…
met in Rome from 1512-1517, summoned by Pope Julius II,
Pluralism
a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, pr…
Benefices
offices
70 terms
AP European History : Chapter 14 Important Terms
Simony
Pluralism
Nepotism
Absenteeism
Buy a position in the Church offices.
An official holding more than one office at a time.
Favoring family members in the designation of church offices.
An official not participating in benefices but still receivin…
Simony
Buy a position in the Church offices.
Pluralism
An official holding more than one office at a time.
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest (1450-1650))
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
18 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Anabaptists
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Consubstantiation
Diet of Worms
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist: after consecration, the b…
Series of imperial meetings (1521) at the bishops palace at W…
Anabaptists
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest (1450-1650))
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
AP European History Chapter 14
Anabaptists
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Consubstantiation
Diet of Worms
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist: after consecration, the b…
Series of imperial meetings (1521) at the bishops palace at W…
Anabaptists
General name given to several protestant groups who believed…
Book of Common Prayer (1559)
Official (parliament-approved) prayer book of the church of E…
37 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Why were church leaders unhappy with t…
What is pluralism, simony, benefices,…
What was the focus of the Brethren of…
Who was Martin Luther? How did Martin…
The church leaders were unhappy because after the Black Plagu…
Pluralism: owing multiple churches in order to get more money…
Began in Holland in the late fourteenth century, main focus w…
He was a German Augustinian friar and articulated the widespr…
Why were church leaders unhappy with t…
The church leaders were unhappy because after the Black Plagu…
What is pluralism, simony, benefices,…
Pluralism: owing multiple churches in order to get more money…
24 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
King Henry VIII
Pope Leo X
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-…
This was the pope that used the sale of indulgences to rebuil…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Absenteeism
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
51 terms
Chapter 14 Ap European History
Prester John
The Travels of John Mandeville
Marco Polo
"God, glory, and gold"
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
From Venice; traveled with Niccolo and Maffeo who were mercha…
The motives of Europeans traveling out into undiscovered area…
Prester John
He was a writer speaking of a mysterious Christian community…
The Travels of John Mandeville
A book speaking of the lands outside of Europe and spoke of c…
80 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Combination of what gave birthto new s…
What led to profound transformation of…
What sparked a century long competitio…
René-Robert Cavalier LaSalle
Indigenous,european, and african cultures
European involvement
French ambitions on mainland and in Caribbean
descended the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico and opened wa…
Combination of what gave birthto new s…
Indigenous,european, and african cultures
What led to profound transformation of…
European involvement
24 terms
AP European History - Chapter 14 Vocab
Henry the Navigator
Da Gama
Columbus
Magellan
Henry was a Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and sponsor tha…
In 1498 a sea captain by the name of Da Gama took his fleet,…
Christopher Columbus was Italian explorer who worked for the…
In 1519 Ferdinand Magellan passed through straits named after…
Henry the Navigator
Henry was a Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and sponsor tha…
Da Gama
In 1498 a sea captain by the name of Da Gama took his fleet,…
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Key Terms
After Revolutions of 1848
Crimean War 1853-1856
Crimean War...SO WHAT?
Treaty of Paris 1856
- Italy and Germany are united under constitutional monarchie…
- Was rooted in the long-standing desire of Russia to extend…
- The Concert of Europe was shattered ... - Before the Crimean W…
- Ended the Crimean War... - Requires Russia to surrender the ar…
After Revolutions of 1848
- Italy and Germany are united under constitutional monarchie…
Crimean War 1853-1856
- Was rooted in the long-standing desire of Russia to extend…
44 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Nicolaus Copernicus
Johannes Kepler
Gallileo Galilei
Isaac Newton
(1473-1543) Polish clergyman. Sun was the center of the unive…
Assistant to Brahe; used Brahe's data to prove that the earth…
first European to make regular observations of the heavens us…
1642-1727; English physicist and mathematician; wrote Mathema…
Nicolaus Copernicus
(1473-1543) Polish clergyman. Sun was the center of the unive…
Johannes Kepler
Assistant to Brahe; used Brahe's data to prove that the earth…
91 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
What did people of all classes dedicat…
What is anticlericalism?
What did critics of the church attack?
What did bishops casually enforce?
Religious causes and foundations
Opposition to the clergy
Clerical immorality, clerical ignorance, and clerical plurali…
Regulations regarding the education of priests.
What did people of all classes dedicat…
Religious causes and foundations
What is anticlericalism?
Opposition to the clergy
10 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 - Europe and the World : New Encounters
Portolani
Conquistadors
Encomienda
Viceroy
Charts of landmasses and coastlines made by navigators and ma…
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
In Spanish America, a form of economic and social organizatio…
The administrative head of the provinces of New Spain and Per…
Portolani
Charts of landmasses and coastlines made by navigators and ma…
Conquistadors
"conquerors." Leaders in the Spanish conquests in the America…
40 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14
Nicolaus Copernicus
Tycho Brahe
Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galilei
-polish priest and astronomer... -"On the Revolutions of the Hea…
-does not advocate the Copernican system... -Mercury and Venus r…
-studies under Brahe... -convinced Copernican who also finds mat…
-"The Starry Messenger" and "Letters on Sunspots"... -HELIOCENTR…
Nicolaus Copernicus
-polish priest and astronomer... -"On the Revolutions of the Hea…
Tycho Brahe
-does not advocate the Copernican system... -Mercury and Venus r…
37 terms
AP European History Terms Chapter 14
Scientific Revolution
Nicolaus Copernicus
Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (1…
Heliocentric
...
Polish priest and scientist, Educated at the University of Kr…
Written by Nicolaus Copernicus, commissioned to find astronom…
The sun is in the middle of the solar system
Scientific Revolution
...
Nicolaus Copernicus
Polish priest and scientist, Educated at the University of Kr…
30 terms
Ap European History Chapter 14-16 Vocabulary
Appeasement
Fascism
Totalitarianism
Winston Churchill
the making of concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid war
a political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationa…
government control over every aspect of public and private life
prime minister of the United Kingdom, who rallied the British…
Appeasement
the making of concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid war
Fascism
a political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationa…
63 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Martin Luther
Pope Leo X
Albert of Mainz
Johann Tetzel
(1517) German priest who worked in Wittenburg who argued that…
(1517) Was the Pope while Luther was first starting Lutherism…
(1517) A strong supporter of the selling on indulgences, was…
(1517) A Dominican friar who sold indulgences to the masses,…
Martin Luther
(1517) German priest who worked in Wittenburg who argued that…
Pope Leo X
(1517) Was the Pope while Luther was first starting Lutherism…
100 terms
Chapter 14 AP European History
What was the result of the Renaissance…
What were the religions that Catholici…
Simony
Pluralism
The reformation/loss of respect for the church
Protestant and Catholic
Sale of church offices
Holding more than one church office at a time
What was the result of the Renaissance…
The reformation/loss of respect for the church
What were the religions that Catholici…
Protestant and Catholic
AP European History Chapter 14
Ptolemaic System
Geocentrism
Heliocentrism
empricism
basis of which mathematical calculations relate to Astronomy…
theory that the the earth is the center of the universe
theory that the sun is the center of the universe and all the…
the use of experiment and observation derived from sensory ev…
Ptolemaic System
basis of which mathematical calculations relate to Astronomy…
Geocentrism
theory that the the earth is the center of the universe
41 terms
Carrie-AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
King Henry VIII
Pius II
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-…
pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusad…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Absenteeism
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
31 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Scientific Revolution
Copernicus
On the Revolution of Heavenly Spheres
Ptolemy
-the process that established the new view of the universe ... -…
-Polish priest and astronomer... -criticizes idea of earths plac…
-a revolution making text rather than revolutionary text... -cha…
-the mathematical astronomy used to explain the place of eart…
Scientific Revolution
-the process that established the new view of the universe ... -…
Copernicus
-Polish priest and astronomer... -criticizes idea of earths plac…
9 terms
Chapter 14 Vocab AP European
conquistador
caravel
ptolemy's geography
treaty of tordesillas
spanish for conqueror; spanish soldier explorers who sought t…
a small maneuverable, three mast ssailing ship developed by t…
second century work that syntehsized the classical knowledge…
1494 agreement giving spain everything to the west of an imag…
conquistador
spanish for conqueror; spanish soldier explorers who sought t…
caravel
a small maneuverable, three mast ssailing ship developed by t…
13 terms
Chapter 14 Ap European Vocab
Anabaptists
John Calvin
Charles V
Christian Humanism
16th century Protestant who believed only adults can get bapt…
(1509-1564) Christian humanist and founder of Calvinsim, led…
Holy Roman Emperor and powerful 16th ruler, reigned over New…
grouped love of classical learning(humanism) and emphasis on…
Anabaptists
16th century Protestant who believed only adults can get bapt…
John Calvin
(1509-1564) Christian humanist and founder of Calvinsim, led…
73 terms
AP European History: Chapter 14 (European Exploration and Conquest 1450-1650)
The Indian Ocean
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
The Port of Malacca
Marco Polo
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
Became a great commercial entrepôt (AHN-truh-poh) in the Sout…
He was a Venetian trader and explorer. His tales of travels f…
The Indian Ocean
It was the center of the Afroeurasian trade world. It's locat…
Cosmopolitan Port Cities
Most of these cities had some form of autonomous government.…
11 terms
Chapter 14 AP European History
Innovations
Colombian Exchange
Merchants list policies
3 Gs
Astroble ... Better maps... Compass... Sextant
Trade triangle between Africa new world and Europe
Economic policies that included a nationalistic economy throu…
Gold Glory God
Innovations
Astroble ... Better maps... Compass... Sextant
Colombian Exchange
Trade triangle between Africa new world and Europe
49 terms
Chapter 14 AP European History
John Mandeville
Marco Polo
God, Glory, Gold
Portolani
fantastic stories of the wealth of the East
Venetian, traveled and lived in China, under the Khan (Mongols)
principle motives for expansion
13 and 14th centuries charts or maps used by European sailors
John Mandeville
fantastic stories of the wealth of the East
Marco Polo
Venetian, traveled and lived in China, under the Khan (Mongols)
29 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Act of Supremacy
Anglicanism
John Calvin
Consubstantiation
Declared the king the supreme head of the church of england
Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as define…
Theological writings profoundly influenced religious thoughts…
The bread and wine undergo a spiritual change
Act of Supremacy
Declared the king the supreme head of the church of england
Anglicanism
Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as define…
18 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Scientific Revolution
Nicholas Copernicus
Ptolemy
Geocentrism
The era of scientific thought in Europe during which careful…
Suggested that the sun, not Earth, was the center of our sola…
Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of as…
Belief that Earth is the center of the universe.
Scientific Revolution
The era of scientific thought in Europe during which careful…
Nicholas Copernicus
Suggested that the sun, not Earth, was the center of our sola…
15 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
King Henry VIII
Pius II
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-…
pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusad…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Absenteeism
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
21 terms
AP European History Chapter 14 Section 5
Huguenots
politiques
Edict of Nantes
Union of Utrecht
French Calvinists
Catholic and Protestant moderates who held that only a strong…
document issued by Henry IV in 1598 granting "liberty of cons…
the alliance of 7 northern provinces (led by Holland) that de…
Huguenots
French Calvinists
politiques
Catholic and Protestant moderates who held that only a strong…
61 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Colombian Exchange
Vasco De Gama
Christopher Columbus
Treaty of Tordesillas
The trading of various animals, diseases, and crops between t…
Portuguese explorer who started exploring the east African co…
Italian explorer, sailed from Spain in 1492 and reached Ameri…
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that n…
Colombian Exchange
The trading of various animals, diseases, and crops between t…
Vasco De Gama
Portuguese explorer who started exploring the east African co…
41 terms
AP European History Chapter 14
Pluralism
Absenteeism
King Henry VIII
Pius II
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
Founder of the church in England and ruled England from 1509-…
pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusad…
Pluralism
The holding of several benefices, or church offices.
Absenteeism
an official not participation in benefices but receiving paym…
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