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Study sets matching "ap european chapter 16"

34 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Thirty Years War
Peace of Westphalia
Absolutism
Louis XIV
What: A war that was between The Catholic League and The Prot…
What: The name of a series of treaties the Concluded the Thir…
What: A form of government that let Monarchs gathered all pow…
Who: The French absolutist king.... Where: France... When: 1589-161…
Thirty Years War
What: A war that was between The Catholic League and The Prot…
Peace of Westphalia
What: The name of a series of treaties the Concluded the Thir…
29 terms
Ap European History Chapter 16
Scientific Revolution
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Copernicus
1600-1700s transition from a medieval worldview to a secular,…
Idea that the earth is at the center of the universe (ie: Pto…
Idea that the sun is at the center of the universe
Polish astronomer/mathematician whose On the Revolutions of t…
Scientific Revolution
1600-1700s transition from a medieval worldview to a secular,…
Geocentric
Idea that the earth is at the center of the universe (ie: Pto…
12 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Sovereignty
Absolutism
Totalitarianism
Raison d'état
the supreme authority in a political community; a modern stat…
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
a 20 th century development (and thus not to be confused with…
political theory articulated by French statesmen Richelieu (1…
Sovereignty
the supreme authority in a political community; a modern stat…
Absolutism
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
87 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
absolute monarchy
divine right
Henry IV
Cardinal Richelieu
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
French King who revived France from economic, social, and rel…
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
absolute monarchy
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
divine right
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
51 terms
AP European History Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism
popular revolts
Edict of Nantes
intendants
noblesse de robe
revolts by the people that were extremely common in the 17th…
document issued by Henry IV of France granting liberty of con…
French royal officials, typically middle-class or minor membe…
newer robe (judicial) nobility from which almost all intendan…
popular revolts
revolts by the people that were extremely common in the 17th…
Edict of Nantes
document issued by Henry IV of France granting liberty of con…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
'God's Handiwork"
"natural philosophers"
Alchemy and hermetic magic
Ptolemaic Universe
The world around them. Many educated Europeans were intereste…
medieval scientists that preferred refined logical analysis t…
Tradition believed that the world was a living embodiment of…
Universe seen as a series of concentric spheres with a fixed…
'God's Handiwork"
The world around them. Many educated Europeans were intereste…
"natural philosophers"
medieval scientists that preferred refined logical analysis t…
34 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
mercantilism
"the golden age of smugglers"
"factories"
audiencias
-governments heavily regulate trade and commerce in hopes of…
-colonists and different colonies want to trade with one anot…
-trading posts... -original European footholds in India
viceroyalties that were divided into several subordinate judi…
mercantilism
-governments heavily regulate trade and commerce in hopes of…
"the golden age of smugglers"
-colonists and different colonies want to trade with one anot…
17 terms
AP European History: Chapter 16
Absolutism
Cabinet System
Constitutionalism
Don Quixote
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
implies a balance between authority and power of the governme…
novel authored by Miguel de Cervantes, perhaps the greatest w…
Absolutism
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
Cabinet System
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
28 terms
AP European History : Chapter 16 Important Terms
Scientific Revolution
Copernicus
Heliocentric View
Tycho Brahe
The scientific revolution was the emergence of modern science…
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astro…
He argued that the earth revolved around the sun was the cent…
He built the best observatory in Europe and for decades colle…
Scientific Revolution
The scientific revolution was the emergence of modern science…
Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astro…
10 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Cartesian dualism
empiricism
geocentric conception
heliocentric theory
Descartes' principle of the separation of mind and matter (an…
the practice of relying on observation and experiment.
the idea that the earth is at the center of the universe and…
the idea that the sun (not the earth) is at the center of the…
Cartesian dualism
Descartes' principle of the separation of mind and matter (an…
empiricism
the practice of relying on observation and experiment.
AP European History Chapter 16
Absolutism
cabinet system
Constitutionalism
Don Quixote
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
implies a balance between authority and power of the governme…
novel authored by Miguel de Cervantes, perhaps the greatest w…
Absolutism
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
cabinet system
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
God's Handiwork
Natural Philopshers
Alchemy and Hermetic Magic
Ptolemaic Universe
the world around us
medieval scientists that focused on logical analysis of the n…
believed the world was a living embodiment of divinity, Human…
universe was a series of concentric spheres where earth sat i…
God's Handiwork
the world around us
Natural Philopshers
medieval scientists that focused on logical analysis of the n…
22 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Sovereignty
Absolutism
Totalitarianism
Paulette
a state may be termed this when it possesses a monopoly over…
the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in politic…
total regulation; the political concept that the citizen shou…
an annual fee paid by royal officials to guarantee hereditary…
Sovereignty
a state may be termed this when it possesses a monopoly over…
Absolutism
the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in politic…
20 terms
Chapter 16 AP European History
Cardinal Mazarin
Cardinal Richelieu
Dutch Republic
Catherine the Great
Sold new offices, raised taxes, and forced creditors to exten…
Advisor to Marie de Medici, regent of Louis XIII, was a polit…
The Northern Dutch that fought for independence against Spain…
German-born Russian tsarina in the 18th century; ruled after…
Cardinal Mazarin
Sold new offices, raised taxes, and forced creditors to exten…
Cardinal Richelieu
Advisor to Marie de Medici, regent of Louis XIII, was a polit…
20 terms
AP European History: Chapter 16
Mercantilism
buillon
Casa de Contratacion
Flota System
an economic system in which colonies exist to provide the hom…
gold and silver; deemed critical to the mercantilist economic…
the Spanish government body that regulated all trade with Spa…
Spanish commercial fleet that conducted trade with New World…
Mercantilism
an economic system in which colonies exist to provide the hom…
buillon
gold and silver; deemed critical to the mercantilist economic…
26 terms
ap european history chapter 16
Absolutism
Sovereignty
Totalitarianism
Cardinal Richelieu
When sovereignty is embodied in the person of the ruler
Possessing a monopoly over the instruments of justice
Twentieth century phenomenon that seeks to direct all facets…
Became President of the Council of ministers and the first mi…
Absolutism
When sovereignty is embodied in the person of the ruler
Sovereignty
Possessing a monopoly over the instruments of justice
56 terms
AP European History Chapter 16: Absolutism and Constitutionalism
popular revolts
Edict of Nantes
intendants
noblesse de robe
revolts by the people that were extremely common in the 17th…
document issued by Henry IV of France granting liberty of con…
French royal officials, typically middle-class or minor membe…
newer robe (judicial) nobility from which almost all intendan…
popular revolts
revolts by the people that were extremely common in the 17th…
Edict of Nantes
document issued by Henry IV of France granting liberty of con…
9 terms
Chapter 16 Vocab AP European History
Scientific Revolution
Geocentric Conception
Heliocentric Conception
World-machine
A period where people began to take an interest in the world…
Where the earth is the center of the universe and that the ot…
Where the sun is the center and the planets revolved around t…
Newton believed that the universe was operated with time, spa…
Scientific Revolution
A period where people began to take an interest in the world…
Geocentric Conception
Where the earth is the center of the universe and that the ot…
87 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
absolute monarchy
divine right
Henry IV
Cardinal Richelieu
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
French King who revived France from economic, social, and rel…
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
absolute monarchy
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
divine right
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
14 terms
Chapter 16 AP European Terms
Francis Bacon
Isaac Newton
Descartes
Haskalah
a theory of inductive reasoning that calls for inquiring info…
Laws of Universal Gravitation,
Cartesian Dualism, all of reality could be reduced down to mi…
Jewish Enlightenment of the second half of the 18th Century l…
Francis Bacon
a theory of inductive reasoning that calls for inquiring info…
Isaac Newton
Laws of Universal Gravitation,
17 terms
AP European History: Chapter 16
Absolutism
Cabinet System
Constitutionalism
Don Quixote
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
implies a balance between authority and power of the governme…
novel authored by Miguel de Cervantes, perhaps the greatest w…
Absolutism
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
Cabinet System
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
AP European History Chapter 16
Scientific Revolution
Natural Philosophers
Plato, Ptolemy, Galen, Archimedes
Geocentric Conception
brought about a dissolution of the medieval world view; educa…
medieval scientists
their works were made available when Renaissance humanists ma…
Ptolemaic; the universe was seen as a series of concentric sp…
Scientific Revolution
brought about a dissolution of the medieval world view; educa…
Natural Philosophers
medieval scientists
46 terms
AP European history chapter 16
absolute monarch
Henry IV
Edict of Nantes
Nobility of the sword
wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state…
ruled from 1589 to 1610... Converted to Catholic to end French c…
Issued by Henry IV in 1598... made it so Huguenots could openly…
old nobility; was not allowed in the royal council; weakened…
absolute monarch
wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state…
Henry IV
ruled from 1589 to 1610... Converted to Catholic to end French c…
53 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
What revolutionary discoveries were ma…
Describe how new ideas and methods in…
Copernicus
Copernican hypothesis
The discoveries often proved theories like, the heliocentric…
Copernicus, Galileo and Newton were able to build upon ideas…
Was a Polish cleric who studied astronomy in order to glorify…
The belief in the heliocentric system. This is where the idea…
What revolutionary discoveries were ma…
The discoveries often proved theories like, the heliocentric…
Describe how new ideas and methods in…
Copernicus, Galileo and Newton were able to build upon ideas…
17 terms
AP European History: Chapter 16
Absolutism
Cabinet System
Constitutionalism
Don Quixote
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
implies a balance between authority and power of the governme…
novel authored by Miguel de Cervantes, perhaps the greatest w…
Absolutism
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
Cabinet System
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
18 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Maria Theresa
Frederick the Great
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Mercantilism
(Ruled 1740-1780) Daughter of Charled VI, who's inheritance o…
(1740-1786) - The Prussian ruler who expanded his territory b…
An economic adviser to Louis XIV; he supported mercantilism a…
An economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's…
Maria Theresa
(Ruled 1740-1780) Daughter of Charled VI, who's inheritance o…
Frederick the Great
(1740-1786) - The Prussian ruler who expanded his territory b…
98 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
absolutism
sovereignity
Bousset
Louis XIV
soveriegn power on ultimate authority in the state rested in…
consisted of authority to make laws, tax, administer justice,…
argued monarchy was the most general, ancient, natural and be…
ruler of France who is regarded as the best example of the pr…
absolutism
soveriegn power on ultimate authority in the state rested in…
sovereignity
consisted of authority to make laws, tax, administer justice,…
87 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
absolute monarchy
divine right
Henry IV
Cardinal Richelieu
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
French King who revived France from economic, social, and rel…
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
absolute monarchy
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
divine right
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 16 Section 2
Henry IV (r. 1598-1610)
Catholic zealot
Marie de Medici
Armando Jean du Plessis (1585-1642)
He was the founder of the French Bourbon dynasty, nicknamed "…
who killed Henry IV?
Henry IV's wife and queen regent who headed the government fo…
(Cardinal Richelieu) He became the first minister of the Fren…
Henry IV (r. 1598-1610)
He was the founder of the French Bourbon dynasty, nicknamed "…
Catholic zealot
who killed Henry IV?
88 terms
AP European ID Chapter 16
Ptomlemy
Geocentric Model
Copernicus
On the Revolution of Heavenly
scientist who studied stars and planets
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
1473-1543. Polish astronomer who was the first to formulate a…
By Nicolas Copernicus from Poland. He used math to deduce tha…
Ptomlemy
scientist who studied stars and planets
Geocentric Model
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
22 terms
AP European History Chapter 16 Section 3
Ivan III
Ivan IV
Anastasia Romanov
Michael Romanov
aka Ivan the Great; he expanded Moscow to the Baltic Sea, and…
First to take the title of tsar, aka Ivan the Terrible. He as…
wife of Ivan IV who died suddenly
Ivan IV's 16 year old grandnephew, elected by nobles to be th…
Ivan III
aka Ivan the Great; he expanded Moscow to the Baltic Sea, and…
Ivan IV
First to take the title of tsar, aka Ivan the Terrible. He as…
AP European ID Chapter 16
Ptomlemy
Geocentric Model
Copernicus
On the Revolution of Heavenly
scientist who studied stars and planets
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
1473-1543. Polish astronomer who was the first to formulate a…
By Nicolas Copernicus from Poland. He used math to deduce tha…
Ptomlemy
scientist who studied stars and planets
Geocentric Model
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
AP European History: Chapter 16
Early people were _____________.
_________ influenced early views of th…
Geocentric
Science was basically a branch of ____…
Superstitious
Aristotle
Earth was the center of the universe.
Theology
Early people were _____________.
Superstitious
_________ influenced early views of th…
Aristotle
87 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
absolute monarchy
divine right
Henry IV
Cardinal Richelieu
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
French King who revived France from economic, social, and rel…
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
absolute monarchy
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
divine right
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
AP European History Chapter 16
absolute monarchy
divine right
Henry IV
Cardinal Richelieu
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
French King who revived France from economic, social, and rel…
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
absolute monarchy
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
divine right
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
106 terms
*AP European History Chapter 16*
Serfdom
Sovereignty
Absolutism
Totalitarianism
The lowest feudal class, attached to the land owned by a lord…
The authority of a state to govern itself or another state. H…
A system of government in which the monarchs claimed exclusiv…
A political system in which the state holds total authority o…
Serfdom
The lowest feudal class, attached to the land owned by a lord…
Sovereignty
The authority of a state to govern itself or another state. H…
35 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Old Regime
Nobles of the sword
Nobles of the robe
Hoberreaux
The era in France prior to 1789. It was characterized by extr…
The nobles whose nobility was derived from military service.
The nobles whose nobility was either acquired by serving in t…
The proinvical nobility who were often little better than wea…
Old Regime
The era in France prior to 1789. It was characterized by extr…
Nobles of the sword
The nobles whose nobility was derived from military service.
46 terms
AP European History Chapter 16 Key Terms
Reading/Print Culture
Science and midcentury
Auguste Comte
Positivism
- new education, new readers, new books and journals permit a…
- in 1850 ppl regard the physical world as rational, mechanic…
- French philosopher who developed positivism... - was known as…
- a philosophy of human intellectual development that culmina…
Reading/Print Culture
- new education, new readers, new books and journals permit a…
Science and midcentury
- in 1850 ppl regard the physical world as rational, mechanic…
15 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
Cardinal Richelieu
Totalitarianism
Fronde
Louis XIV
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
a term often mistakenly used in substitution for absolutism.…
meaning slingshot or catapult in French; a series of civil wa…
son of Louis XIII; represented the peak of absolutist develop…
Cardinal Richelieu
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
Totalitarianism
a term often mistakenly used in substitution for absolutism.…
38 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
absolute monarchy
divine right
Henry IV
Cardinal Richelieu
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
French King who revived France from economic, social, and rel…
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
absolute monarchy
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
divine right
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
AP European ID Chapter 16
Ptomlemy
Geocentric Model
Copernicus
On the Revolution of Heavenly
scientist who studied stars and planets
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
1473-1543. Polish astronomer who was the first to formulate a…
By Nicolas Copernicus from Poland. He used math to deduce tha…
Ptomlemy
scientist who studied stars and planets
Geocentric Model
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
17 terms
AP European History: Chapter 16
Absolutism
Cabinet System
Constitutionalism
Don Quixote
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
implies a balance between authority and power of the governme…
novel authored by Miguel de Cervantes, perhaps the greatest w…
Absolutism
form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single…
Cabinet System
political system where heads of governmental administrative d…
13 terms
Chapter 16 AP European History
Congress of Vienna
Dual Revolution
Holy Alliance
Carlsbad Decrees
A meeting of the Quadruple alliance -- Russia, Prussia, Austr…
A term that historian Eric Hobsbawm used for the economic and…
An alliance formed by the conservative rulers of Austria, Rus…
Issued in 1819, these decrees were designed to uphold Mettern…
Congress of Vienna
A meeting of the Quadruple alliance -- Russia, Prussia, Austr…
Dual Revolution
A term that historian Eric Hobsbawm used for the economic and…
26 terms
AP European History Chapter 16 Section 1
King Christian IV
Albert of Wallenstein
Gustavus Adolphus
Cardinal Richelieu
Protestant king of Denmark, leader in the Danish phase of the…
led the Catholic imperial army in the Thirty Years War.
Swedish king, the ablest administrator of his day, and a devo…
France's chief minister who was concerned about the power of…
King Christian IV
Protestant king of Denmark, leader in the Danish phase of the…
Albert of Wallenstein
led the Catholic imperial army in the Thirty Years War.
87 terms
AP European History Chapter 16
absolute monarchy
divine right
Henry IV
Cardinal Richelieu
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
French King who revived France from economic, social, and rel…
Real Name: Armand Jean du Plessis. president of the council o…
absolute monarchy
a sovereignty that was embodied solely by the monarch. e.g. P…
divine right
the responsibility of the king to God alone. In other words,…
45 terms
AP European History Chapter 16 Section 4
Queen Elizabeth I
James I (James Stuart)
Charles I
William Laud
Rare female queen of England who exercised great personal pow…
(r. 1603-1605) Elizabeth's Scottish cousin who succeeded her…
Son of James I who attempted to rule without parliament by fi…
Archbishop of Canterbury who in 1637 attempted to impose bish…
Queen Elizabeth I
Rare female queen of England who exercised great personal pow…
James I (James Stuart)
(r. 1603-1605) Elizabeth's Scottish cousin who succeeded her…
17 terms
AP European History Chapter 16 vocab.
Sovereignty
Absolutism
Totalitarianism
Raison d'état
A state that controls the power in their borders.
A form of government in which the king has no restrictions on…
Total regulation of a state's culture, education, religion, e…
"Reason of state", God will forgive all sins if done in the n…
Sovereignty
A state that controls the power in their borders.
Absolutism
A form of government in which the king has no restrictions on…
18 terms
AP European History: Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Term used to describe close government…
People of Spanish descent born in the…
The forced movement of many Africans t…
The voyage of enslaved Africans to Ame…
mercantilism
creoles
Atlantic Slave Trade
Middle Passage
Term used to describe close government…
mercantilism
People of Spanish descent born in the…
creoles
14 terms
AP European History: Chapter 16 Review
a. the first two periods of European c…
a. French overseas empire
b. the West Indies
d. the French Bourbons
Slavery was a key element of:... a. the first two periods of Eur…
Saint Lawrence River Valley and the Ohio and Mississippi Rive…
The heart of eighteenth-century French-British rivalries in t…
The War of Spanish Succession placed what family on the Spani…
a. the first two periods of European c…
Slavery was a key element of:... a. the first two periods of Eur…
a. French overseas empire
Saint Lawrence River Valley and the Ohio and Mississippi Rive…
10 terms
AP European History - Chapter 16/17 Vocabulary
Sovereignty Edict of Nantes
Intendants Fronde
Mercantilism Peace of Utrecht
Don Quixote Baroque
Law signed on 30 April 1598, by Henry IV of France, granted t…
Intendants transmitted information from local communities to…
Occurring in 1713; a series of Treaties concluding the Spanis…
Written by Cervantes during the (17th century) baroque (times…
Sovereignty Edict of Nantes
Law signed on 30 April 1598, by Henry IV of France, granted t…
Intendants Fronde
Intendants transmitted information from local communities to…
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