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Study sets matching "ap european history chapter 18"

79 terms
AP European History-Chapter 18
What important developments led to the…
What problems could commonly occur bef…
What was the main set back for agricul…
Soil-Exhaustion
(possible essay question)
Climactic conditions produced poor or disastrous harvests eve…
The pattern of farming in the Middle Ages sustained fairly la…
A big problem from everyone plowing and using the same land y…
What important developments led to the…
(possible essay question)
What problems could commonly occur bef…
Climactic conditions produced poor or disastrous harvests eve…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
enlightened absolutism
Louis XV
Cardinal Fleury
Madame de Pompadour
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
the King's minster attempted to fix France's empire by focusi…
Louis XV's mistress who controlled the court, she made import…
enlightened absolutism
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
Louis XV
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
41 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
Parlements
Necker
de Calonne
gabette
-aristocratic institutions... -had similar administrative reform…
-royal director, general of finances... -"reported" that the fin…
-minister of finance... -propose to encourage internal trade, lo…
-tax on salt... -de Calonne wanted to lower it
Parlements
-aristocratic institutions... -had similar administrative reform…
Necker
-royal director, general of finances... -"reported" that the fin…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
Enlightened Absolutism
Louis XV
Cardinal Fleury
Madame de Pompadour
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
Lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country more then he did,…
the King's minster attempted to fix France's empire by focusi…
Louis XV's mistress who controlled the court, she made import…
Enlightened Absolutism
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
Louis XV
Lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country more then he did,…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
enlightened absolutism
Louis XV
Cardinal Fleury
Madame de Pompadour
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
the King's minster attempted to fix France's empire by focusi…
Louis XV's mistress who controlled the court, she made import…
enlightened absolutism
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
Louis XV
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
79 terms
AP European History-Chapter 18
What important developments led to the…
What problems could commonly occur bef…
What was the main set back for agricul…
Soil-Exhaustion
(possible essay question)
Climactic conditions produced poor or disastrous harvests eve…
The pattern of farming in the Middle Ages sustained fairly la…
A big problem from everyone plowing and using the same land y…
What important developments led to the…
(possible essay question)
What problems could commonly occur bef…
Climactic conditions produced poor or disastrous harvests eve…
33 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
Sir Edward Grey
Triple Alliance
Pan-Slavic Nationalism
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The British foreign secretary. He made the famous statement "…
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the…
a powerful form of nationalism which engulfed all of the Slav…
Territories in the Ottoman Empire annexed by the Austrians in…
Sir Edward Grey
The British foreign secretary. He made the famous statement "…
Triple Alliance
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the…
51 terms
AP European History: Chapter 18
Louis XVI
Jacques Necker
Estates General
First Estate
the king of France from 1774-1792 who was overthrown and even…
the royal director general of finances under Louis XVI whose…
a medieval legislative assembly of the different estates of F…
the social class in Old Regime France that was made up of the…
Louis XVI
the king of France from 1774-1792 who was overthrown and even…
Jacques Necker
the royal director general of finances under Louis XVI whose…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
enlightened absolutism
Louis XV
Cardinal Fleury
Madame de Pompadour
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
the King's minster attempted to fix France's empire by focusi…
Louis XV's mistress who controlled the court, she made import…
enlightened absolutism
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
Louis XV
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
15 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
agricultural revolution
balance of power
cottage industry
enclosure movement
the application of new agricultural techniques that allowed f…
a distribution of power among several states such that no sin…
a system of textile manufacturing in which spinners and weave…
in the eighteenth century, the fencing in of the old open fie…
agricultural revolution
the application of new agricultural techniques that allowed f…
balance of power
a distribution of power among several states such that no sin…
12 terms
Ap European History Chapter 18
Agricultural Revolution
Enclosure
proletarianization
Cottage Industry
The period in Europe from the mid-17 century through the mid-…
The movement to fence in fields in order to farm more effecti…
The transformation of large numbers of small peasant farmers…
A stage of industrial development in which rural workers used…
Agricultural Revolution
The period in Europe from the mid-17 century through the mid-…
Enclosure
The movement to fence in fields in order to farm more effecti…
42 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Key Terms
Russo-Turkish War (1875)
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Causes of the War
WWl originated
- this war had its origins in a rise in nationalism in the Ba…
- heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated in…
#1 - Alliance System, Triple Entente was England, France, and…
in the domestic unrest among subject nationalities on the Con…
Russo-Turkish War (1875)
- this war had its origins in a rise in nationalism in the Ba…
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
- heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated in…
79 terms
AP European History-Chapter 18
What important developments led to the…
What problems could commonly occur bef…
What was the main set back for agricul…
Soil-Exhaustion
(possible essay question)
Climactic conditions produced poor or disastrous harvests eve…
The pattern of farming in the Middle Ages sustained fairly la…
A big problem from everyone plowing and using the same land y…
What important developments led to the…
(possible essay question)
What problems could commonly occur bef…
Climactic conditions produced poor or disastrous harvests eve…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
enlightened absolutism
Louis XV
Cardinal Fleury
Madame de Pompadour
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
the King's minster attempted to fix France's empire by focusi…
Louis XV's mistress who controlled the court, she made import…
enlightened absolutism
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
Louis XV
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
22 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Section 3
Marquis de Montcalm
William Pitt
Olaudah Equiano
Robert King
He led the French and Canadian forces in the Seven Years War…
British chief minister who led Britain to divert men and mone…
Captured as a child in Africa, he endured slavery in the Cari…
The Pennsylvania Quaker who was a sugar and rum merchant who…
Marquis de Montcalm
He led the French and Canadian forces in the Seven Years War…
William Pitt
British chief minister who led Britain to divert men and mone…
5 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
Knesset
Eric Cantor
Netanyahu
Nancy Pelosi
Israeli House of Commons. Has less people in it then the Brit…
House Majority Leader, but lost his position due to him losin…
prime minister of Israel
previous Speaker of the House before the Republicans became t…
Knesset
Israeli House of Commons. Has less people in it then the Brit…
Eric Cantor
House Majority Leader, but lost his position due to him losin…
13 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Section 1
Cornelius Vermuyden
Jethro Tull (1674-1741)
open-field system
fallow
He was a Dutch drainage engineer who directed a large project…
He was an important English innovator who adopted a critical…
European farming style used from the Middle Ages to the 17th…
a year of idling a field to replenish nutrients
Cornelius Vermuyden
He was a Dutch drainage engineer who directed a large project…
Jethro Tull (1674-1741)
He was an important English innovator who adopted a critical…
10 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Section 2
John Kay
Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot
Adam Smith
Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of…
invented the flying shuttle for the weaver's loom
A French reform minister who passed a law in 1776 to abolish…
He was one of the best-known critics of government regulation…
book written by Adam Smith that developed the basis for the m…
John Kay
invented the flying shuttle for the weaver's loom
Anne-Robert-Jacques Turgot
A French reform minister who passed a law in 1776 to abolish…
10 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 - The Eighteenth Century : European States, International Wars, and Social Change
Natural Laws
Natural Rights
Enlightened Absolutism
Patronage
A body of laws or specific principles held to be derived from…
Certain inalienable rights to which all people are entitled,…
A form of absolute monarchy or despotism inspired by the Enli…
The practice of awarding titles and making appointments to go…
Natural Laws
A body of laws or specific principles held to be derived from…
Natural Rights
Certain inalienable rights to which all people are entitled,…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
enlightened absolutism
Louis XV
Cardinal Fleury
Madame de Pompadour
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
the King's minster attempted to fix France's empire by focusi…
Louis XV's mistress who controlled the court, she made import…
enlightened absolutism
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
Louis XV
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
AP European History - Chapter 18
Open-Field System
Three-Year System
Agricultural Revolution
Enclosure
- system used to farm much of Europe from the Middle Ages to…
- system used to solve the problem of infertile soil... - on eac…
- period in Europe from the mid-seventeenth through mid-ninet…
- the movement to fence in fields in order to farm more effec…
Open-Field System
- system used to farm much of Europe from the Middle Ages to…
Three-Year System
- system used to solve the problem of infertile soil... - on eac…
33 terms
AP European History: Chapter 18 (Life in the Era of Expansion (1650-1800))
Community controls
Charivari
Illegitimacy explosion
Wet-nursing
A pattern of cooperation and common action in a traditional v…
Degrading public rituals used by village communities to polic…
The sharp increase in out-of-wedlock births that occurred in…
A widespread and flourishing business in the 18th century in…
Community controls
A pattern of cooperation and common action in a traditional v…
Charivari
Degrading public rituals used by village communities to polic…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Vocab
enlightened absolutism
Louis XV
Cardinal Fleury
Madame de Pompadour
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
the King's minster attempted to fix France's empire by focusi…
Louis XV's mistress who controlled the court, she made import…
enlightened absolutism
Philosophes said rulers should be absolute monarchies who foc…
Louis XV
was a weak and lazy ruler whose mistress ruled the country mo…
7 terms
AP European History - Chapter 18 Sparknotes
John Locke proposed 3 rights all ruler…
Montesquieu says 3 branches of governm…
Voltaire proposed political satire and…
Rousseau believes that...
- Life, Liberty, and Property (later Pursuit of Happiness).
- Checks and balances - "perfect government structure".
- Upon monarchy, nobility, church control.... - Personal freedom…
- People naturally good, society (environment) corrupts them.…
John Locke proposed 3 rights all ruler…
- Life, Liberty, and Property (later Pursuit of Happiness).
Montesquieu says 3 branches of governm…
- Checks and balances - "perfect government structure".
24 terms
AP European History: Chapter 18 Vocabulary
The medieval French parliament. It con…
The branch of the French Estates Gener…
Part of the Estates General that was m…
A revolt by the peasants of the French…
Estates-General
Third Estate
First Estate
Great Fear
The medieval French parliament. It con…
Estates-General
The branch of the French Estates Gener…
Third Estate
39 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Review
John Locke
Tabula rasa
Issac Newton
Voltaire
A major forerunner of the Enlightenment. The author of "An Es…
Locke's theory that all humans enter the world as blank page.
A scientist, a physicist, a writer, and a major forerunner of…
Also known as Francois Marie Arouet, he was by far the most i…
John Locke
A major forerunner of the Enlightenment. The author of "An Es…
Tabula rasa
Locke's theory that all humans enter the world as blank page.
AP European History Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Community controls
Charivari
Illegitimacy explosion
Wet nursing
A pattern of cooperation and common action in a traditional v…
Degrading public rituals used by village communities to polic…
Sharp increase in out-of-wedlock births that occurred in Euro…
A widespread and flourishing business in the eighteenth centu…
Community controls
A pattern of cooperation and common action in a traditional v…
Charivari
Degrading public rituals used by village communities to polic…
61 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Vocab
Po Valley
Open Field System
Agricultural revolution
Fallowing
A Rich agricultural region in Northern Italy that was hauling…
Land that was prepared to raise crops was cut up into long na…
The period in Europe from the mid 17th century through the mi…
Land that is unseeded for a season or more.
Po Valley
A Rich agricultural region in Northern Italy that was hauling…
Open Field System
Land that was prepared to raise crops was cut up into long na…
75 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Review
France in the eighteenth century
Political developments in the eighteen…
The British aristocracy of the eightee…
A continuing trend through the eightee…
Lost an empire and acquired a huge public debt
the increasing influence and power of the King's ministers to…
Allowed the monarchy to maintain the same power because of it…
The social and military dominance of the Junkers
France in the eighteenth century
Lost an empire and acquired a huge public debt
Political developments in the eighteen…
the increasing influence and power of the King's ministers to…
20 terms
AP European History Kagan Chapter 18 vocab
Despotic
prurient
don gratuit
cahiers de doleances
Acting like a tyrant
(adj.) having lustful desires or interests; tending to arouse…
voluntary contribution paid to the government by the clergy i…
lists of grievances registered by the local electors, to be p…
Despotic
Acting like a tyrant
prurient
(adj.) having lustful desires or interests; tending to arouse…
39 terms
AP European History - Chapter 18 Review
John Locke
Tabula rasa
Issac Newton
Voltaire
A major forerunner of the Enlightenment. The author of "An Es…
Locke's theory that all humans enter the world as blank page.
A scientist, a physicist, a writer, and a major forerunner of…
Also known as Francois Marie Arouet, he was by far the most i…
John Locke
A major forerunner of the Enlightenment. The author of "An Es…
Tabula rasa
Locke's theory that all humans enter the world as blank page.
18 terms
AP European History - Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Copernican Hypothesis
Experimental Method
Law of Universal Gravitation
Cartesian Duality
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
A method of investigation used to demonstrate cause-and-effec…
the scientific law that states that every object in the unive…
separation of the body-the body has been assigned to a second…
Copernican Hypothesis
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
Experimental Method
A method of investigation used to demonstrate cause-and-effec…
18 terms
AP EUROPEAN HISTORY CHAPTER 18 VOCABULARY
Talleyrand
physiocrats
Cahiers des doleances
october days
French diplomat who attended the Congress of Vienna on behalf…
A group of economists who urged the French government to dere…
When the Estates general's met in Versailles, they all showed…
Demonstrations in Paris from bread shortage scare. March to V…
Talleyrand
French diplomat who attended the Congress of Vienna on behalf…
physiocrats
A group of economists who urged the French government to dere…
31 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Vocab
Copernican Hypothesis
Law of Universal Gravitation
Empiricism
Cartesian Dualism
the sun was at the center of the universe; the stars, planets…
Newton; according to this law, every body in the universe att…
general theory of inductive reasoning; problems solved by rea…
Descartes's view of the world as consisting of two entities;…
Copernican Hypothesis
the sun was at the center of the universe; the stars, planets…
Law of Universal Gravitation
Newton; according to this law, every body in the universe att…
34 terms
European History AP Chapter 18
Enlightenment thought had some impact on
natural laws
natural rights
The American Declaration of Independen…
political development of European states
a body of laws or specific principles held to be derived from…
certain inalienable rights to which all people are entitled,…
the Enlightenment concept of natural rights
Enlightenment thought had some impact on
political development of European states
natural laws
a body of laws or specific principles held to be derived from…
47 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Important People
George 1
George II
George III
Charles VI
(1714-1727; English Hanover)... - English throne passed on to Ge…
(1727-1760; English Hanover)... - George Augustus, son of George…
(1760-1820; English Hanover)... - George William Frederick, son…
(1711-1740; Austrian Hapsburg)... - King of Austria and HRE... - Ar…
George 1
(1714-1727; English Hanover)... - English throne passed on to Ge…
George II
(1727-1760; English Hanover)... - George Augustus, son of George…
40 terms
AP European History McKay Chapter 18
natural philosophy
Copernican hypothesis
Experimental method
Law of inertia
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
the idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
the approach, first developed by Galileo, that the proper way…
a law formulated by Galileo that stated that rest was not the…
natural philosophy
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the unive…
Copernican hypothesis
the idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
39 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Review
John Locke
Tabula rasa
Issac Newton
Voltaire
A major forerunner of the Enlightenment. The author of "An Es…
Locke's theory that all humans enter the world as blank page.
A scientist, a physicist, a writer, and a major forerunner of…
Also known as Francois Marie Arouet, he was by far the most i…
John Locke
A major forerunner of the Enlightenment. The author of "An Es…
Tabula rasa
Locke's theory that all humans enter the world as blank page.
10 terms
AP European History Chapter 18
How can the changes depicted in the im…
The above map represents the fact that…
In which of the following areas would…
Which of the following most likely exp…
B. Enlightened rulers sought to setle issues between them wit…
A. By nobles on large estates
C. Eastern Holy Roman Empire
B. Subsistence agriculture
How can the changes depicted in the im…
B. Enlightened rulers sought to setle issues between them wit…
The above map represents the fact that…
A. By nobles on large estates
48 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 McKay
Copernican Hypothesis
Empiricism
Enlightened Absolutism
Enlightenment
the idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
theory of inductive reasoning where you should go beyond spec…
the adaptation, albeit varied of enlightened governing into t…
a world-view has played a large role in shaping the modern mi…
Copernican Hypothesis
the idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
Empiricism
theory of inductive reasoning where you should go beyond spec…
11 terms
AP European History - Chapter 18 Key Terms
community controls
charivari
illegitimacy explosion
wet-nursing
A pattern of cooperation and common action in a traditional v…
Degrading public rituals used by village communities to polic…
The sharp increase in out-of-wedlock births that occurred in…
A widespread and flourishing business in the eighteenth centu…
community controls
A pattern of cooperation and common action in a traditional v…
charivari
Degrading public rituals used by village communities to polic…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 McKay
Aristotelian world view
Cartesian Dualism
Copernican Hypothesis
Empiricism
Motionless earth was fixed at center of universe, God was bey…
Descartes view of the world as consisting of two fundamental…
the idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
theory of inductive reasoning where you should go beyond spec…
Aristotelian world view
Motionless earth was fixed at center of universe, God was bey…
Cartesian Dualism
Descartes view of the world as consisting of two fundamental…
50 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Terms
Scientific Revolution
Copernicus
heliocentric
Brahe
modernization of sciences, especially astronomy and physics,…
Polish clergyman and astronomer who was the first to theorize…
model of the solar system in which the sun is located in the…
contemporary of Copernicus who researched a newly discovered…
Scientific Revolution
modernization of sciences, especially astronomy and physics,…
Copernicus
Polish clergyman and astronomer who was the first to theorize…
16 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Cartesian Dualism
Copernican Hypothesis
Empiricism
Enlightened Despotism
Descartes' view of the world as consisting of two fundamental…
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
Theory of inductive reasoning where you should go beyond spec…
The adaptation of absolutist rule with enlightened ideology.
Cartesian Dualism
Descartes' view of the world as consisting of two fundamental…
Copernican Hypothesis
The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the u…
39 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Review
John Locke
Tabula rasa
Issac Newton
Voltaire
A major forerunner of the Enlightenment. The author of "An Es…
Locke's theory that all humans enter the world as blank page.
A scientist, a physicist, a writer, and a major forerunner of…
Also known as Francois Marie Arouet, he was by far the most i…
John Locke
A major forerunner of the Enlightenment. The author of "An Es…
Tabula rasa
Locke's theory that all humans enter the world as blank page.
22 terms
AP European History - Chapter 18, Section 3
Navigation Acts
Anglo-Dutch wars
Anglo-French conflicts
War of the Spanish Succession
A series of English laws that controlled the import of goods…
Three series of wars that lasted from 1652-1674. Fought over…
A series of wars between 1701 to 1763, fought between the Fre…
Started in 1701 and ended in 1714 when Louis XIV was forced t…
Navigation Acts
A series of English laws that controlled the import of goods…
Anglo-Dutch wars
Three series of wars that lasted from 1652-1674. Fought over…
11 terms
AP European History - Chapter 18 Key Terms
Community Controls
Charivari
Illegitimacy Explosion
Wet-Nursing
The set of traditional ideals of society that were enforced b…
In order to enforce community ideals, charivari was used. It…
When the rate of out-of-wedlock births increased sharply. Thi…
A flourishing practice and business started in the 18th centu…
Community Controls
The set of traditional ideals of society that were enforced b…
Charivari
In order to enforce community ideals, charivari was used. It…
12 terms
AP European History Chapter 18 Terms
Abolitionists
Deists
Enlightened Despots
Freemasons
advocates of the abolition of the slave trade and of slavery
those who believe in God but give Him no active role in human…
rulers- such as Catherine the Great of Russia, Frederick the…
members of Masonic lodges, where nobles and middle-class prof…
Abolitionists
advocates of the abolition of the slave trade and of slavery
Deists
those who believe in God but give Him no active role in human…
28 terms
AP European History: Chapter 18 Review
Peace of Utrecht
Treaty of Nystad
Great Britain
Peter the Great of Russia
The Treaty of Utrecht (1713-1714) ushered in almost a quarter…
(1721) created a new Europe in the east, both agreements (Tre…
In 1707 England and Scotland formally joined together to form…
(1682-1725) sought to reclaim the former glory of Russia as i…
Peace of Utrecht
The Treaty of Utrecht (1713-1714) ushered in almost a quarter…
Treaty of Nystad
(1721) created a new Europe in the east, both agreements (Tre…
36 terms
European History AP Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Natural law
Louis XV
Marie Antoinette
balance of power
a body of laws or specific principles held to be derived from…
King of France (1715-1774) who led France into the War of the…
the last Queen of France (1774-1793) as the wife of Louis XVI…
a distribution of power among several states such that no sin…
Natural law
a body of laws or specific principles held to be derived from…
Louis XV
King of France (1715-1774) who led France into the War of the…
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