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Study sets matching "ap gov civil liberties"

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Study sets matching "ap gov civil liberties"

50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
33 terms
AP US Government: Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Cruel and unusual punishment
Eighth Amendment
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
Eighth Amendment prohibits such punishment.
forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not de…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Civil Liberties
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
15 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
McCulloch v Maryland
Marbury v Madison
Gibbons v Ogden
Barron v Baltimore
- Helped further established supremacy of federal govt. over…
- Court determined that it had the right to determine the mea…
- Determined that the federal govt. had the power to regulate…
- Held that the 1st ten "amendments contain no expression ind…
McCulloch v Maryland
- Helped further established supremacy of federal govt. over…
Marbury v Madison
- Court determined that it had the right to determine the mea…
31 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
53 terms
AP GOVERNMENT: Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Content Neutral
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
The government may not regulate assemblies on the basic on wh…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Civil Liberties
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
69 terms
AP Government- Civil Rights & Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
58 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex post facto law
Ex post facto law
Bill of attainder
A court order requiring government officials to present a pri…
Law cannot be changed for a law prior to it being illegal
Example of what law:... You drink liquor, next day prohibition h…
A legislative act that punishes an individual or group withou…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A court order requiring government officials to present a pri…
Ex post facto law
Law cannot be changed for a law prior to it being illegal
33 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil War Amendments
Due Process Clause
1st Amendment
Basic political freedoms that protect citizens from governmen…
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution, whic…
Part of the 14th Amendment that forbids states from denying "…
Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly; the separat…
Civil Liberties
Basic political freedoms that protect citizens from governmen…
Civil War Amendments
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution, whic…
16 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
Civil Rights
Constitution
Bill of Rights (1st ten amendments)
legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
contains specific number of rights and restrictions on govern…
intended to restrict the new fedreal government, not the exis…
Civil liberties
legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Civil Rights
policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
37 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, which largel…
Part of the Bill of Rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
Civil Liberties
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil Rights
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
25 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Baron v. Baltimore
Due Process Clause
Selective incorporation
Get low v. New York
Case that determined that the Bill of Rights only applied to…
Guarantees fair treatment under the law to all citizens regar…
The application of BoR to state governments
Begins incorporation
Baron v. Baltimore
Case that determined that the Bill of Rights only applied to…
Due Process Clause
Guarantees fair treatment under the law to all citizens regar…
26 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties and Rights
clear and present danger test
due process of law
equal protection of the law
establishment clause
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our le…
idea that all citizens should be treated equally under the la…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
clear and present danger test
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
due process of law
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our le…
37 terms
AP Government - Civil Liberties
Positive Rights
General Discrimination Law
14th Amendment
Smith v Allright (1944)
Those rights that require overt government action, as opposed…
Not all discrimination is illegal: allowed forms include disc…
Established equal protection clause. Supreme court overturns…
White's only primaries, though run by non-state political par…
Positive Rights
Those rights that require overt government action, as opposed…
General Discrimination Law
Not all discrimination is illegal: allowed forms include disc…
36 terms
AP Government - Civil Liberties
Incorporation
Non-incorporation
Selective incorporation
Substantive incorporation
Bill of Rights made applicable to the states. Due Process Cla…
None of the Bill of Rights applicable to states.
Some of the Bill of Rights applicable to states.
Most of the Bill of Rights applicable to states.
Incorporation
Bill of Rights made applicable to the states. Due Process Cla…
Non-incorporation
None of the Bill of Rights applicable to states.
33 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Lemon v Kurtzman (1971)
Three Prong Test
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
The Supreme Court declared that aid to church-related schools…
Created a 3-part "Lemon Test." Laws which aid religion must 1…
Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public sch…
Adeil Sherbert, a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church,…
Lemon v Kurtzman (1971)
The Supreme Court declared that aid to church-related schools…
Three Prong Test
Created a 3-part "Lemon Test." Laws which aid religion must 1…
28 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Clear and Present Danger Test
Double Jeopardy
Eminent Domain
Establishment Clause
Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and pre…
Trial or punishment for the same crime by the same government…
Power of a government to take private property for public use…
First Amendment ban on laws "respecting an establishment or r…
Clear and Present Danger Test
Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and pre…
Double Jeopardy
Trial or punishment for the same crime by the same government…
38 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
Bill of Rights
1st amendment
Barron v Baltimore
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing…
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of rel…
the 1833 Supreme Court decision holding that the bill of righ…
Civil liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing…
29 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
The Sedition Act of 1798
The Espionage and Sedition Acts of 191…
Federalist
Anti-Federalist
Making it a crime to write, utter, or publish "any false, sca…
"Any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language."
those who wanted to ratify the Constitution
Those who would not sign the Constitution unless they had a B…
The Sedition Act of 1798
Making it a crime to write, utter, or publish "any false, sca…
The Espionage and Sedition Acts of 191…
"Any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language."
31 terms
AP Government - Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
clear and present danger doctrine
de facto segregation
personal freedoms (speech, assembly, religion)
protections against discrimination
judicial interpretation of amendment 1 that government may no…
segregation "by fact" - segregation that results from such fa…
civil liberties
personal freedoms (speech, assembly, religion)
civil rights
protections against discrimination
50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
42 terms
ap government: civil liberties
Barron v. Baltimore
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
The United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Baltimore,…
personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot a…
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in…
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as pa…
Barron v. Baltimore
The United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Baltimore,…
Civil Liberties
personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot a…
15 terms
Civil Liberties AP Government
Bill of Attainer
Chicago v. McDonald
DC v. Heller
due process
a government decree that a person is guilty of a crime that c…
Selective incorporation of the 2nd amendment; the government…
ruled that the D.C. gun regulation rule was unconstitutional.…
part of the 14th amendment guaranteeing that persons cannot b…
Bill of Attainer
a government decree that a person is guilty of a crime that c…
Chicago v. McDonald
Selective incorporation of the 2nd amendment; the government…
34 terms
AP Government civil liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which larg…
part of the Bill of Rights that reads "The enumeration in the…
civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
51 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Gideon v. Wainwright
Roe v. Wade
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
Shenck v. United States
A person who cannot afford an attorney may have one appointed…
Legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy.
A 1992 case in which the Supreme Court loosened its standard…
was a United States Supreme Court decision that upheld the Es…
Gideon v. Wainwright
A person who cannot afford an attorney may have one appointed…
Roe v. Wade
Legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy.
36 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Schenck v. US
Gitlow v. New York
Falwell v. Hustler Magazine
Brandenburg v. Ohio
1917... "Clear and present danger"
1925... Incorporation Doctrine: Bill of Rights is applicable to…
1988... "Bad taste is not illegal"
1969... "Direct incitement test" -words that are direct cause of…
Schenck v. US
1917... "Clear and present danger"
Gitlow v. New York
1925... Incorporation Doctrine: Bill of Rights is applicable to…
66 terms
AP Government- Civil Liberties
judicial review
super fed
role of ACLU and civil liberties
order of courts
-the SCOTUS decides if legislation is constitutional or not…
-SCOTUS under John Marshall ... -established judicial review
-take civil liberties cases to the SCOTUS... -protects these civ…
district -> appellate -> supreme
judicial review
-the SCOTUS decides if legislation is constitutional or not…
super fed
-SCOTUS under John Marshall ... -established judicial review
47 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Judicial Review
Super Fed
Most prominent interest group in regar…
What happens if a case heard by SCOTUS…
The power of the courts to determine whether acts of Congress…
Supreme Court was strengthened in years of Marshall (ex. Marb…
ACLU
Ruling on case falls to ruling in appellate court
Judicial Review
The power of the courts to determine whether acts of Congress…
Super Fed
Supreme Court was strengthened in years of Marshall (ex. Marb…
34 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
federalism
unitary governments
intergovernmental relations
supremacy clause
a way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of go…
a central government that holds supreme power in a nation
the entire set of interactions among national, state, and loc…
The clause in Article VI of the Constitution. It states that…
federalism
a way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of go…
unitary governments
a central government that holds supreme power in a nation
32 terms
AP government civil liberties
Red scare
Sedition act
Smith act
Internal security act
The government suppression of american leftists afte the 1917…
A federalist bill of 1789 criminalizing criticism of government
A 1940 act criminalizing the advocacy of violent revolution
The 1950 act requiring the registration of all communists
Red scare
The government suppression of american leftists afte the 1917…
Sedition act
A federalist bill of 1789 criminalizing criticism of government
37 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
Nebraska Press v. Stuart (1976)
Establishment Clause
Engel v Vitale (1962)
Prior restraint; can't prevent from printing because of what…
gag order issued against newspaper in printing details of a c…
"make no law respecting an establishment of religion"; no nat…
22 word non denominational prayer is unconstitutional in publ…
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
Prior restraint; can't prevent from printing because of what…
Nebraska Press v. Stuart (1976)
gag order issued against newspaper in printing details of a c…
46 terms
AP Government: Civil Liberties
Due Process of Law
Equal Protection under the Law
Fundamental/Preferred Rights
Selective Incorporation
Government can;t deprive anyone of life, liberty, or property…
Equal treatment under the law. Made the 14th amendment the 2n…
Established by Palko v. Connecticut. Stats have to follow som…
Court cases that apply the Bill of Rights to the states
Due Process of Law
Government can;t deprive anyone of life, liberty, or property…
Equal Protection under the Law
Equal treatment under the law. Made the 14th amendment the 2n…
16 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
Civil Rights
Constitution
Bill of Rights (1st ten amendments)
legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
contains specific number of rights and restrictions on govern…
intended to restrict the new fedreal government, not the exis…
Civil liberties
legal and constitutional rights that protect individuals from…
Civil Rights
policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
37 terms
AP Government- Civil Rights & Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
33 terms
AP US Government: Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Cruel and unusual punishment
Eighth Amendment
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
Eighth Amendment prohibits such punishment.
forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not de…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Civil Liberties
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
77 terms
AP Government- Civil Rights & Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Ch 4/Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
77 terms
AP Government- Civil Rights & Liberties
Civil Liberties
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
Bill of Attainder
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
-A law making an action illegal retroactively... -Criminalizes a…
-Act of the legislature declaring a person or group of person…
Civil Liberties
-Rights belonging to all citizens... -Can also be defined as lim…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
-Prisoner's right to a court review of his/her case to determ…
71 terms
AP US Government: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Affirmative action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Civil rights
Equal protection of the laws
a policy designed to give special consideration to members of…
strengthened protections of individuals with disabilities by…
Rights of individuals to receive equal treatment (and to be f…
the Fourteenth Amendment's mandate that all people be protect…
Affirmative action
a policy designed to give special consideration to members of…
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
strengthened protections of individuals with disabilities by…
AP government Civil Liberties Test
Limitations on Rights
Prior Restraint
1st amendment
3rd amendment
never be subject to intrusion from the government
Government censorship of written material (preventing publica…
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
Restricts quartering of troops in private homes.
Limitations on Rights
never be subject to intrusion from the government
Prior Restraint
Government censorship of written material (preventing publica…
88 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Civil Rights Civil Liberties Cases
Alien
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Foreign -born resident, or non-citizen
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
Alien
Foreign -born resident, or non-citizen
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
9 terms
AP Government Vocab- Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
civil disobedience
civil rights
civil liberties
de facto segregation
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws.
All rights rooted in the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of…
Those personal freedoms that are protected for all individual…
Racial segregation that occurs because of past social and eco…
civil disobedience
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws.
civil rights
All rights rooted in the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of…
108 terms
AP Government: Civil Rights/Civil Liberties
Aquilar v. Felton
Barron v. Baltimore
bill of attainder
Bill of Rights
Supreme Court overturned this, a 1985 decision that ruled unc…
1833; court ruled that Bill of Rights only applied to the nat…
A legislative act finding a person guilty of treason or felon…
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially…
Aquilar v. Felton
Supreme Court overturned this, a 1985 decision that ruled unc…
Barron v. Baltimore
1833; court ruled that Bill of Rights only applied to the nat…
29 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties Test
Roe vs Wade
Fifth Amendment
First Amendment
Mapp vs Ohio
A woman's right to abortion... Right to privacy
Protection against self incrimination
Symbolic Speech
United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in…
Roe vs Wade
A woman's right to abortion... Right to privacy
Fifth Amendment
Protection against self incrimination
28 terms
AP Government & Politics-Civil Liberties
Difference between civil liberties & c…
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Furman v. Georgia (1972)
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
Civil liberties protect people form the government (i.e. viol…
5th and 6th amendments, established that officers must tell r…
8th amendment, ruled that the death penalty itself was not un…
reaffirmed acceptance of the use of the death penalty in the…
Difference between civil liberties & c…
Civil liberties protect people form the government (i.e. viol…
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
5th and 6th amendments, established that officers must tell r…
16 terms
AP Government Terms (Civil Liberties)
Due Process Clause
Equal Protection Clause
Selective Incorporation
Freedom of Expression
Denies the government the right to deprive people of life, li…
A standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the go…
Court cases that apply the Bill of Rights to the states.
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble.
Due Process Clause
Denies the government the right to deprive people of life, li…
Equal Protection Clause
A standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the go…
65 terms
AP US Government: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Affirmative action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Civil rights
Equal protection of the laws
a policy designed to give special consideration to members of…
strengthened protections of individuals with disabilities by…
Rights of individuals to receive equal treatment (and to be f…
a clause in the Fourteenth Amendment's that mandates that the…
Affirmative action
a policy designed to give special consideration to members of…
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
strengthened protections of individuals with disabilities by…
Ap Government Civil Liberties Cases
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Engel v. Vitale
Epperson v. Arkansas
Reynolds v. U.S.
giving money to religious schools that and created test to se…
State officials cannot compose an official school prayer and…
Struck down Arkansas statute making it illegal for a teacher…
upheld the federal law outlawing polygamy
Lemon v. Kurtzman
giving money to religious schools that and created test to se…
Engel v. Vitale
State officials cannot compose an official school prayer and…
18 terms
AP US Government: Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
Bill of Rights
Due process clause
Selective Incorporation
The fundamental individual rights of a free society, such as…
The first 10 amendments of the Constitution, which set forth…
The clause of the Constitution (14th amendment) that has been…
The process by which certain rights in the Bill of Rights bec…
Civil liberties
The fundamental individual rights of a free society, such as…
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments of the Constitution, which set forth…
73 terms
AP Government Civil Rights And Civil Liberties Test
Fiscal Policy
Double Jeopardy
Indictment
Sedition
Taxing and spending policies
Being prosecuted twice for the same offense. Banned by the 5t…
Grand Jury order that suspect must stand trial for a criminal…
Advocacy of the overthrow of the government.
Fiscal Policy
Taxing and spending policies
Double Jeopardy
Being prosecuted twice for the same offense. Banned by the 5t…
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