Study sets matching "ap gov unit 4"

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Study sets matching "ap gov unit 4"

AP Government Unit 4
cloture
committee of the whole
conference committee
congressional caucus
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
a device used in the House of Representatives to expedite the…
committee appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber…
an association for members of Congress created to advocate a…
cloture
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
committee of the whole
a device used in the House of Representatives to expedite the…
39 terms
AP Government Unit 4
bicameral
filibuster
cloture
censure
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill…
Prevents filibustering (16 signatures) and ends debate in the…
A process by which a formal reprimand is issued to an individ…
bicameral
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
filibuster
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill…
26 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Due Process of the Law
Freedom of Expression
Clear-and-Present-Danger Test
Free-Exercise Clause
Denies the government the right, without due process, to depr…
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and pre…
First Amendment requirement that law cannot prevent free exer…
Due Process of the Law
Denies the government the right, without due process, to depr…
Freedom of Expression
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
38 terms
AP Government Unit 4
direct mail
campaign contributions
independent expenditures
Federal Election Campaign Act
a method of raising money for a political cause or candidate,…
donations that are made directly to the candidate or a party…
expenses on behalf of a political message that are made by gr…
a law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances, this cr…
direct mail
a method of raising money for a political cause or candidate,…
campaign contributions
donations that are made directly to the candidate or a party…
AP Government Unit 4 Vocabulary
Appellate jurisdiction
Appropriation
Appropriations Committee
Bureaucracy
authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court
money that Congress has allocated to be spent
Congressional committee that deals with federal spending
departments, agencies, bureaus, and commissions in the execut…
Appellate jurisdiction
authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court
Appropriation
money that Congress has allocated to be spent
24 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Judicial Review
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury vs Madison
Jurisdiction
Review by a court of law of actions of a government official…
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-co…
A landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Cour…
An area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
Judicial Review
Review by a court of law of actions of a government official…
Judiciary Act of 1789
In 1789 Congress passed this Act which created the federal-co…
92 terms
AP Government Unit 4
apportionment
bill
bicameral legislature
impeachment
the process of allotting congressional seats to each state ac…
a proposed law
a two-house legislature
the power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Co…
apportionment
the process of allotting congressional seats to each state ac…
bill
a proposed law
Unit 4 AP Government Vocabulary
Due process of the law
Freedom of expression
Clear and present danger test
Free exercise clause
Located in the fifth and fourteenth Amendments. Guarantees ri…
Ensured by the first amendment that an citizen holds the righ…
Formula made by the Supreme Court in Schenk v. United States…
Ensured by the first amendment that a citizen holds the right…
Due process of the law
Located in the fifth and fourteenth Amendments. Guarantees ri…
Freedom of expression
Ensured by the first amendment that an citizen holds the righ…
16 terms
AP government unit 4
Law making process
Rules committee
Powers of congress
Powers of the Senate and House
How a bill becomes a law
A committee of the House in charge of determining under what…
-Pass laws... -Regulate commerce... -Declare war... -Collect taxes... -Ma…
-Create, pass laws... -Overturn President's veto (2/3 vote)... -Bre…
Law making process
How a bill becomes a law
Rules committee
A committee of the House in charge of determining under what…
26 terms
AP Government: Unit 4
due process of the law
Equal protection of the law
Selective incorporation
Freedom of expression
Denies the government the right without due process to depriv…
A standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the go…
Court cases that apply the bill of rights to the states
Right of people to speak publish and assemble
due process of the law
Denies the government the right without due process to depriv…
Equal protection of the law
A standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the go…
28 terms
Unit 4 AP Government
Expressed, Delegated and Enumerated Po…
Implied Powers
Inherent Powers
Centralization
all mean the same thing listed in Article 1 Section 8
come from the elastic clause
are power the government just assumed; not listed
we centralize under resolutions rather than making laws
Expressed, Delegated and Enumerated Po…
all mean the same thing listed in Article 1 Section 8
Implied Powers
come from the elastic clause
54 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Nomination
Campaign Strategy
Factors that determine who runs for of…
National Party Convention
-a party's official endorsement of a candidate for office ... -u…
the way/game plan a candidate uses to guide their electoral c…
1. if they have money ... 2. how they feel about people going th…
power within party; the ultimate power in each of the parties…
Nomination
-a party's official endorsement of a candidate for office ... -u…
Campaign Strategy
the way/game plan a candidate uses to guide their electoral c…
29 terms
UNIT 4 AP GOVERNMENT
bill to law process
budget and impoundment control act
Budget Appropriations
Bully Pulpit
1) Introduced by member of Congress (appropriation bills must…
established congressional budget committees and the Congressi…
How much money each agency is given to spend. Amount appropri…
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide o…
bill to law process
1) Introduced by member of Congress (appropriation bills must…
budget and impoundment control act
established congressional budget committees and the Congressi…
AP Government: Unit 4
requirements to be president
22nd amendment
impeachment
how someone is impeached
35 years old, natural born citizen, lived in US for 14 years
limits the president to 2 four year terms
the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law
house of representatives has a majority vote, sent to senate…
requirements to be president
35 years old, natural born citizen, lived in US for 14 years
22nd amendment
limits the president to 2 four year terms
AP Government Unit 4
Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Reconstructing Amendments
Barriers to Voting
Case involved a dispute over the legality of Louisiana law re…
The Supreme Court ruled that racially segregated schools viol…
13th Amendment... 14th Amendment... 15th Amendment
Poll Taxes, Literacy Tests, Grandfather Clause, and the White…
Plessy v. Ferguson
Case involved a dispute over the legality of Louisiana law re…
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
The Supreme Court ruled that racially segregated schools viol…
52 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Incumbants
bicameral legislature
House Rules Committee
Filibuster
Those individuals who already hold office. In congressional e…
A legislature divided into two houses. The U.S. Congress and…
The committee in the House of Representatives that reviews mo…
A strategy unique to the Senate whereby opponents of a piece…
Incumbants
Those individuals who already hold office. In congressional e…
bicameral legislature
A legislature divided into two houses. The U.S. Congress and…
10 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Federalist
Natural Law
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
A group that supported strong central government
Natures law that defines right from wrong and is higher than…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
Allows each of the three branches of government to check some…
Federalist
A group that supported strong central government
Natural Law
Natures law that defines right from wrong and is higher than…
15 terms
AP GOVERNMENT UNIT 4
Social capital
Political culture
Natural rights
Democratic consensus
Democratic and civic habits of discussion compromise and resp…
The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the r…
The rights of people to dignity and worth; also called human…
Widespread agreement of fundamental principles of democratic…
Social capital
Democratic and civic habits of discussion compromise and resp…
Political culture
The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms concerning the r…
AP Government Unit 4
War power acts of 1973
Imperial presidency
National emergencies act of 1976
Foreign intelligence surveillance act
Limits the President's power to send troops to battle without…
Term used to describe a president as an "emperor" who acts wi…
(ww2) gave president power to declare martial law and take ov…
an act passed by Congress in 1978 to establish procedures for…
War power acts of 1973
Limits the President's power to send troops to battle without…
Imperial presidency
Term used to describe a president as an "emperor" who acts wi…
26 terms
Unit 4 ap Government
Due process of law
Freedom of expression
Clear-and-present-danger test
Free exercise clause
Denies the government the right, without sure process, ro dep…
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
Law should not punish speech unless there was a clear and pre…
First amendment requirement that law cannot prevent free exer…
Due process of law
Denies the government the right, without sure process, ro dep…
Freedom of expression
Right of people to speak, publish, and assemble
Unit 4 AP Government
Bipartisanship
Budget deficit
Deficit spending
Deregulation
Support from both parties for policy; example: foreign policy
Results when federal expenditures exceed federal revenues for…
The federal government's practice of spending more money than…
Elimination of federal regulations on private companies
Bipartisanship
Support from both parties for policy; example: foreign policy
Budget deficit
Results when federal expenditures exceed federal revenues for…
50 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Unit 4 - 1... bicameral
Unit 4 - 2... apportionment
Unit 4 - 3... reapportionment
Unit 4 - 4... congressional districting
a government that has 2 branches (Merriam-Webster)
distribution among the states based on the population of each…
the redistribution of Congressional seats after the census de…
the drawing by state legislatures of congressional districts…
Unit 4 - 1... bicameral
a government that has 2 branches (Merriam-Webster)
Unit 4 - 2... apportionment
distribution among the states based on the population of each…
80 terms
AP Government Unit 4 Vocabulary
linkage institution
backbenchers
brand names
caucus (congressional)
a structure within a society that connects the people to the…
legislators who do not hold leadership positions within their…
the use of party names to evoke certain positions on issues
the organization of Democrats within the House and Senate tha…
linkage institution
a structure within a society that connects the people to the…
backbenchers
legislators who do not hold leadership positions within their…
38 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Demographics
census
melting pot
minority majority
the science of population and its changes
an "actual enumeration" of the population, which the Constitu…
a term often used to characterize the US, with its history of…
the situation, likely beginning in the mid-twenty first centu…
Demographics
the science of population and its changes
census
an "actual enumeration" of the population, which the Constitu…
150 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Bicameral legislature
Bill
Concurrent resolution
Congress
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
A formally proposed law in the House or Senate.
A resolution adopted by both houses of a bicameral legislatur…
Term referring to both the Senate and House of Representative…
Bicameral legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Bill
A formally proposed law in the House or Senate.
43 terms
AP Government Unit 4
an alliance between Republicans and co…
The minimum number of members who must…
name given to a permanent committee
type of committee that is appointed fo…
Conservative Coalition
quorum
standing committee
select committee
an alliance between Republicans and co…
Conservative Coalition
The minimum number of members who must…
quorum
23 terms
AP Government Unit 4: The Presidency
Requirements to become President
Twenty-Second Amendment
Impeachment
Which two presidents were impeached?
Be a natural-born citizen, be at least 35 years old, and must…
Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two t…
The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, pr…
-Andrew Johnson ( Lincoln's sucessor, in 1868 he was charged…
Requirements to become President
Be a natural-born citizen, be at least 35 years old, and must…
Twenty-Second Amendment
Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two t…
26 terms
AP Government Unit 4: Congress
Trustees
Instructed Delegates
Politicos
Mark Up
A representative that uses his/her best judgement to make pol…
A representative that mirrors the preferences of their consti…
A representative that is a mix of trustees and instructed del…
Committee action to amend a proposed bill
Trustees
A representative that uses his/her best judgement to make pol…
Instructed Delegates
A representative that mirrors the preferences of their consti…
81 terms
Unit 4 AP Government
Chapter 13
In the typical public opinion poll,
Article 1, Section 8 of the US Constit…
A person becomes a candidate for repre…
...
Congress is the least popular branch of government
the power to veto bills
running in a primary election
Chapter 13
...
In the typical public opinion poll,
Congress is the least popular branch of government
Mercyb AP Government Unit 4
Lobbying
Litigation
Revolving Door
Interest Group
Engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials,…
the process of carrying on a lawsuit
A term describing the movement of individuals from government…
a group of people with common goals who organize to influence…
Lobbying
Engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials,…
Litigation
the process of carrying on a lawsuit
AP Government Unit 4
Formal Powers
Bicameral/Bicameralism
Enumerated Powers
Expressed Powers
General term for any power that is specifically granted in th…
Two chambers/houses of Congress.
A list of terms found in Article 1, Section 8 of the US Const…
Powers specifically listed in the Constitution.
Formal Powers
General term for any power that is specifically granted in th…
Bicameral/Bicameralism
Two chambers/houses of Congress.
108 terms
Unit 4 AP Government
bicameral legislature
filibuster
pigeon-hole
cloture
lawmaking body made of two chambers or parts
an attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
intentionally ignoring a bill in the House of Representatives
if at least 2/3 of Senate present, 3/5 vote can kill and bill…
bicameral legislature
lawmaking body made of two chambers or parts
filibuster
an attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
AP Government Unit 4
Nomination
Campaign Strategy
Why not run for President?
Which is harder, nomination game or ge…
A party's official endorsement of a candidate for office
The way in which candidates attempt to manipulate money, medi…
Campaigns have become physically and emotionally taxing. Runn…
Nomination game. Candidates must run in all 50 states to win…
Nomination
A party's official endorsement of a candidate for office
Campaign Strategy
The way in which candidates attempt to manipulate money, medi…
82 terms
AP Government: Unit 4 Key Terms
judicial review
adversary system
justiciable dispute
class action suit
The power to authoritively interpret the Constitution
A judicial system in which a court of law is a neutral arena…
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
Lawsuit brought by an individual or a gorup of people on beha…
judicial review
The power to authoritively interpret the Constitution
adversary system
A judicial system in which a court of law is a neutral arena…
95 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Bicameral Legislative
Apportionment
Bill
Impeachment
A 2-house legislative
The process of allowing congressional seats to each state fol…
A proposed law.
The power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Co…
Bicameral Legislative
A 2-house legislative
Apportionment
The process of allowing congressional seats to each state fol…
Unit 4 Vocabulary (AP Government)
affirmative action
amicus curiae breif
appellate jurisdiction
civil law
Remedial action designed to overcome the effects of discrimin…
Literally, a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individ…
The authority of a court to review decisions made by lower co…
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
affirmative action
Remedial action designed to overcome the effects of discrimin…
amicus curiae breif
Literally, a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individ…
44 terms
AP Government Unit 4
What is the definition of a political…
Why are US political parties more dece…
What is the significance of a primary?…
How did the founding fathers view poli…
...
...
...
...
What is the definition of a political…
...
Why are US political parties more dece…
...
AP Government vocab unit 4
Political parties
Two-party system
Single-Members districts
New Deal coalition
Voluntary association of people who seek to control the gover…
Several political parties exist, but only two major political…
Only one representative is chosen from each district
Alliance of southern conservatives, religious, and ethnic min…
Political parties
Voluntary association of people who seek to control the gover…
Two-party system
Several political parties exist, but only two major political…
56 terms
AP Government Unit 4 Vocabulary
Standing to Sue
Class Action Suits
Justiciable Disputes
Amicus Curiae Briefs
The requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a…
Lawsuits that let a small group sue on behalf of others with…
A requirement that a case must be capable of being settled by…
Legal briefs submitted by a "Friend of the Court" to provide…
Standing to Sue
The requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a…
Class Action Suits
Lawsuits that let a small group sue on behalf of others with…
41 terms
Unit 4 AP American Government
benefit
client politics
cost
entrepreneurial politics
A satisfaction that people believe they will enjoy if a polic…
a policy in which one small group benefits and almost everyon…
a burden that people believe they must bear if a policy is en…
A policy in which almost everybody benefits and a small group…
benefit
A satisfaction that people believe they will enjoy if a polic…
client politics
a policy in which one small group benefits and almost everyon…
Unit 4: Springbrook AP Government 2015
Budget Reform Act,1974
Bipartisan
Bicarmeral Legislature
Authorization
Law that describes the process by which the budget is develop…
When both parties agree on a policy. Both sides agree
2 branches: senate (100) and house of representatives (435)
permission to begin or continue a gov program or agency
Budget Reform Act,1974
Law that describes the process by which the budget is develop…
Bipartisan
When both parties agree on a policy. Both sides agree
Unit 4: AP Government Terms
527s
"American Plan"
Bipartisan Campaign Reform
Blanket primaries
name after a section of the U.S tax code, tax-exempt organiza…
Primaries start in small states and move on to larger ones
A law passed in 2002 that banned soft money, put limits on is…
A primary election in which each voter may vote for candidate…
527s
name after a section of the U.S tax code, tax-exempt organiza…
"American Plan"
Primaries start in small states and move on to larger ones
AP Government Unit 4
bicameral
filibuster
cloture
censure
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill…
Prevents filibustering (16 signatures) and ends debate in the…
A process by which a formal reprimand is issued to an individ…
bicameral
2 chambers; Congress has the Senate and the House of Represen…
filibuster
A lengthy speech designed to delay or kill the vote on a bill…
AP Government (Unit 4)
What is the chief judicial weapon in t…
What does a judicial activist?
From 1789 until the Civil War, what wa…
What was the ruling in McCulloch v. Ma…
Judicial Review
Judges should discern the general principles, underlying laws…
Nation building, legitimacy of federal government, and slavery
Held that Supreme Court could declare an act of Congress unco…
What is the chief judicial weapon in t…
Judicial Review
What does a judicial activist?
Judges should discern the general principles, underlying laws…
47 terms
AP Government Unit 4: Congress
Reapportionment
Redistricting
Malapportionment
Gerrymandering
The redistribution of congressional seats among the states am…
The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district…
drawing the boundaries of legislative districts so that they…
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a p…
Reapportionment
The redistribution of congressional seats among the states am…
Redistricting
The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district…
39 terms
AP Government Unit 4 Vocabulary
Reapportionment
Bicameralism
Enumerated Powers
Redistricting
redistribution of representatives among the states, based on…
composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches
power explicitly granted to congress by the constitution
the process of redrawing political boundaries to reflect popu…
Reapportionment
redistribution of representatives among the states, based on…
Bicameralism
composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches
AP Government Unit 4 Vocabulary
federal system
confederation
unitary system
enumerated powers
system of government in which the national government and sta…
type of government in which the national government derives i…
system of government in which the local and regional governme…
the powers of the national government specifically granted to…
federal system
system of government in which the national government and sta…
confederation
type of government in which the national government derives i…
AP Government: Unit 4 Terms
logrolling
oversight
necessary and proper clause
gerrymandering
This term refers to an agreement between two or more members…
This refers to the review of Congress of the activities of th…
Also called the elastic clause, this is a clause within the C…
This refers to a tactic in which the majority party of a stat…
logrolling
This term refers to an agreement between two or more members…
oversight
This refers to the review of Congress of the activities of th…
63 terms
AP Government Unit 4
Partisan Polarization
Parliament
Bicameral Legislature
Decentralization
...
...
...
...
Partisan Polarization
...
Parliament
...
AP Government Unit 4
Judicial review
Adversary system
Criminal law
Civil law
The power of a court to review laws or governmental regulatio…
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
A law that defines crimes against the public order
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
Judicial review
The power of a court to review laws or governmental regulatio…
Adversary system
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
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