Study sets matching "ap gov us history"

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Study sets matching "ap gov us history"

8 terms
AP US History Government
Legislative Branch
House of Representatives
Senate
Executive Branch
-Makes laws... -Congress (House of Representatives and Senate)
-Serve a term of 2 years... -435 members... -Chuck Fleischmann
-Serve a term of 6 years... -2 members from each state for a tot…
-Carries out the law... -President, Vice President, Cabinet
Legislative Branch
-Makes laws... -Congress (House of Representatives and Senate)
House of Representatives
-Serve a term of 2 years... -435 members... -Chuck Fleischmann
58 terms
AP US Government History
Gitlow vs New York
Near vs Minnesota
Powell v Alabama
When is it constitutional for our gove…
Freedom of speech...... Incorporation ... First case to use to use…
Freedom of Press... Incorporation Cases... the state were no longer…
Right to counsel in capital cases (death penalty cases)... Incor…
1. it has to have a secular purpose and cannot have a religio…
Gitlow vs New York
Freedom of speech...... Incorporation ... First case to use to use…
Near vs Minnesota
Freedom of Press... Incorporation Cases... the state were no longer…
AP US History - Government Crises
Nullification Crisis
Venezuelan Boundary Dispute
Little Rock Confrontation
Bay of Pigs
1832-1833: Resulted from the passage of the "Tariff of Abomin…
1893-1895: Dispute over the boundary of British Guiana in Sou…
1957: About 10,000 federal troops and 100 paratroopers were u…
1961: The CIA trained men to invade Cuba and overthrow the Co…
Nullification Crisis
1832-1833: Resulted from the passage of the "Tariff of Abomin…
Venezuelan Boundary Dispute
1893-1895: Dispute over the boundary of British Guiana in Sou…
65 terms
AP US Government Vocabulary
Amicus curiae
Block Grants
Casework
Categorical Grants
An argument filed with a court by an individual or group who…
Federal money given to the states with few restrictions about…
When congressional staff help a constituent solve a problem
Money given by the federal government to the states to be use…
Amicus curiae
An argument filed with a court by an individual or group who…
Block Grants
Federal money given to the states with few restrictions about…
121 terms
AP US Government Foundations
Article 1
Article 2
Article 3
Article 4
established the legislative branch
established the executive branch
established the judicial branch
defines relationships between the states
Article 1
established the legislative branch
Article 2
established the executive branch
45 terms
AP US Government: Congress
Bicameral Legislature
Closed Rule
Cloture Rule
Committee on Committees
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow a bi…
A Senate rule offering a means for stopping a filibuster.
Assigns Republicans to standing committees in the Senate.
Bicameral Legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Closed Rule
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow a bi…
396 terms
AP US Government
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
46 terms
AP US Government Review
Federalists wanted:
Articles of Confederation only had one…
Federalist Paper No. 10
Federalist Paper No. 51
Strong central government/ ratification of the U.S. Constitut…
Legislative
faction system
Checks and balances, separation of powers
Federalists wanted:
Strong central government/ ratification of the U.S. Constitut…
Articles of Confederation only had one…
Legislative
27 terms
AP US Government- Amendments
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
Freedom of religion (Engle v Vital, Lemon v Kurtzman), speech…
Right to bear arms
Quartering of soldiers
Search and arrest warrants requires probable cause (Mapp v Oh…
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion (Engle v Vital, Lemon v Kurtzman), speech…
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
33 terms
Ap US Government: The Judiciary
Judiciary
US Supreme Court
Marbury V Madison
Judicial review
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
The 1803 Supreme Court case that established the power of jud…
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
Judiciary
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
US Supreme Court
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
1,111 terms
AP US Government
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
9 terms
AP US History -- The First National Government
Articles of Confederation and Perpetua…
Confederation Congress
Lord Dunmore
Ethiopian Regiment
first constitution of the US
governing body under the Articles of Confederation
last royal governor of Virginia who promised freedom to inden…
group of indentured servants and slaves who fought for the Br…
Articles of Confederation and Perpetua…
first constitution of the US
Confederation Congress
governing body under the Articles of Confederation
59 terms
Federalism (AP US Government)
What is federalism?
Who usually wins in conflict: state or…
Federal Powers
Concurrent Powers
The relationships between the federal, state, and local gover…
Federal
Coin money, post office, declare war, treaties, armed forces,…
Tax, create laws, courts, eminent domain, fund education
What is federalism?
The relationships between the federal, state, and local gover…
Who usually wins in conflict: state or…
Federal
AP US History - Major Government Scandals
Tweed Ring (1869-1871)
Credit Mobilier (1872)
Whiskey Ring (1872-1876)
Teapot Dome (1921)
Embezzled money from the New York State government created a…
A dummy construction company was created to skim money from t…
Grant and his Secretary of State put an excise tax on whiskey…
Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall secured the transfer…
Tweed Ring (1869-1871)
Embezzled money from the New York State government created a…
Credit Mobilier (1872)
A dummy construction company was created to skim money from t…
65 terms
AP US Government Vocabulary
Amicus curiae
Block Grants
Casework
Categorical Grants
An argument filed with a court by an individual or group who…
Federal money given to the states with few restrictions about…
When congressional staff help a constituent solve a problem
Money given by the federal government to the states to be use…
Amicus curiae
An argument filed with a court by an individual or group who…
Block Grants
Federal money given to the states with few restrictions about…
34 terms
AP US History: Experiments With Government Ideas
-Set up a weak central government beca…
to declare war, raise armies, and sign…
Impose taxes... Regulate trade
Wanted the rich states to sell land ho…
Articles of Confederation -
Under the Articles of Confederation, the central government h…
The congress was NOT ALLOWED TO _____ & _____
Articles of Confederation +
-Set up a weak central government beca…
Articles of Confederation -
to declare war, raise armies, and sign…
Under the Articles of Confederation, the central government h…
294 terms
AP US Government Vocabulary
affirmative action
amendment
amicus curiae briefs
appellate jurisdiction
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special empl…
Addition to the Constitution. These require approval by two-t…
"Friend of the court" briefs that qualified individuals or or…
Term used to describe courts whose role is to hear appeals fr…
affirmative action
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special empl…
amendment
Addition to the Constitution. These require approval by two-t…
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
245 terms
2016 AP US Government REVIEW
John Locke
Articles of Confederation
Anti-Federalist
Federalist
Natural rights: Life, liberty, and property. Consent of the p…
No president, no power to tax, no national court, no power to…
Believed the Constitution was a document for the elite. Wante…
Constitution Lovers Wanted a strong national government. They…
John Locke
Natural rights: Life, liberty, and property. Consent of the p…
Articles of Confederation
No president, no power to tax, no national court, no power to…
33 terms
Ap US Government: The Judiciary
Judiciary
US Supreme Court
Marbury V Madison
Judicial review
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
The 1803 Supreme Court case that established the power of jud…
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
Judiciary
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
US Supreme Court
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
11 terms
AP US Government Chapter 7
elite
exit polls
gender gap
norm
People who have a disproportionate amount of some valued reso…
Polls based on interviews conducted on election day with rand…
Difference in political views between men and women.
A standard of right or proper conduct.
elite
People who have a disproportionate amount of some valued reso…
exit polls
Polls based on interviews conducted on election day with rand…
23 terms
AP US Government - Chapter 2
Constitution
Declaration of Independence:
Natural Rights:
Consent of the Governed:
Basically the overall broad rules the U.S. should semi try to…
A document written in 1776 that declared the U.S. independent…
Rights that every human should be entitled to: life, liberty,…
The idea of people must agree on who their rulers will be.
Constitution
Basically the overall broad rules the U.S. should semi try to…
Declaration of Independence:
A document written in 1776 that declared the U.S. independent…
11 terms
AP US Government Chapter 1
authority
bureaucratic view
democracy
direct (participatory) democracy
The right to use power.
View that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
Rule by the many.
A government in which all or most citizens participate direct…
authority
The right to use power.
bureaucratic view
View that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
51 terms
AP US Government and Politics
In what way does the supreme court che…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
the constitution as ratified in 1788 m…
the connecticut compromise addressed w…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
states
the principle of limited government
representation of the states in a bicameral legislature
In what way does the supreme court che…
the court can declate legislation passed by congress unconsti…
Under the articles of confederation, s…
states
20 terms
AP US Government Chapter 9
caucus
congressional campaign
critical or realignment periods
ideological party
A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or…
A party committee in Congress that provides funds to committe…
A period when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular co…
A party that values principled stands on issues above all else.
caucus
A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or…
congressional campaign
A party committee in Congress that provides funds to committe…
26 terms
AP US Government Chapter 2
amendment
Antifederalists
Articles of Confederation
bill of attainder
A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by…
Those who favored a weaker national government.
A weak constitution that governed America during and immediat…
A law that declares a person, without trial, to be guilty of…
amendment
A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by…
Antifederalists
Those who favored a weaker national government.
10 terms
AP US Government Chapter 8
activists
Australian ballot
grandfather clause
literacy test
People who tend to participate in all forms of politics.
A government-printed ballot of uniform dimensions to be cast…
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet…
A requirement that citizens show that they can read before re…
activists
People who tend to participate in all forms of politics.
Australian ballot
A government-printed ballot of uniform dimensions to be cast…
13 terms
AP US Government Chapter 11
earmark
ideological interest groups
incentive
interest group
A provision in a law that provides a direct benefit to a clie…
Political organizations that attract members by appealing to…
Something of value one cannot get without joining an organiza…
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal t…
earmark
A provision in a law that provides a direct benefit to a clie…
ideological interest groups
Political organizations that attract members by appealing to…
7 terms
AP US Government Chapter 4
civic competence
civic duty
civil society
class-consciousness
A belief that one can affect government policies.
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
Voluntary action that makes cooperation easier.
A belief that one is a member of an economic group whose inte…
civic competence
A belief that one can affect government policies.
civic duty
A belief that one has an obligation to participate in civic a…
10 terms
AP US History: Exploration
Vasco da Gama
Christopher Columbus
Henry de Soto
Ponce de Leon
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expe…
An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government…
First person to sail into the Miss. River in 1542
Discovered and claimed Florida (Land of the Flowers) for Spai…
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expe…
Christopher Columbus
An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government…
388 terms
AP US Government Borrowed
activation
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
amicus curiae briefs
A goal of campaigns, to get a voter to contribute money or ri…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
Briefs submitted to the court by outside parties to influence…
activation
A goal of campaigns, to get a voter to contribute money or ri…
Affirmative Action
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
20 terms
AP US Government Chapter 10
527 organizations
blanket primary
closed primary
clothespin vote
Organizations under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code…
A primary election in which each voter may vote for candidate…
A primary election in which voting is limited to already regi…
The vote cast by a person who does not like either candidate…
527 organizations
Organizations under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code…
blanket primary
A primary election in which each voter may vote for candidate…
12 terms
AP US Government Chapter 12
adversarial press
background
blog
equal time rule
The tendency of the national media to be suspicious of offici…
A public official's statement to a reporter given on conditio…
A series, or log, of discussion items on a page of the World…
An FCC rule that if a broadcaster sells time to one candidate…
adversarial press
The tendency of the national media to be suspicious of offici…
background
A public official's statement to a reporter given on conditio…
AP US Government
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
128 terms
AP Government US Chapter 1
government
public goods
politics
political participation
d: the institutions and processes through which public polici…
d: goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone mu…
d: the process by which we select our governmental leaders an…
d: all the activities used by citizens to influence the selec…
government
d: the institutions and processes through which public polici…
public goods
d: goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone mu…
28 terms
AP Government: US History Study Group
authority
commerce
federal
government
the power and/or right to enforce obedience and make decision…
the business and exchange of goods by purchase, trade, or sale
government formed by a union of smaller groups (states) in ag…
a system of authority over a group of people
authority
the power and/or right to enforce obedience and make decision…
commerce
the business and exchange of goods by purchase, trade, or sale
AP United States History - US Government
Treason
Appellate Jurisdiction
Original Jurisdiction
Judicial Branch
XXX
The authority of a court to review the decisions of inferior…
The court in which a case is heard firsthand
part of the government that decides if laws are carried out f…
Treason
XXX
Appellate Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to review the decisions of inferior…
11 terms
AP US Government Misc.
power
authority
legitimacy
Marxist view
The ability of one person to get another person to act in acc…
The right to use power.
Political authority conferred by law or by a state or nationa…
View that the government is dominated by capitalists.
power
The ability of one person to get another person to act in acc…
authority
The right to use power.
AP US Government: Constitutional Underpinnings
Bicameral Legislature
Block Grant
Categorical Grant
Project Grants
two house legislature
money granted by the federal government to the states for a b…
money granted by the federal government to the states for a n…
Federal categorical grants given for specific purposes and aw…
Bicameral Legislature
two house legislature
Block Grant
money granted by the federal government to the states for a b…
402 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
Gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
the total value of all goods and services produced annually b…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elite and class theory
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
AP US Government: Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Cruel and unusual punishment
Eighth Amendment
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
Eighth Amendment prohibits such punishment.
forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not de…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
Civil Liberties
legal and constitutional protections against government infri…
1,111 terms
AP US Government
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
AP Government- US Government Departments
State
Treasury
Defense
Justice
responsible for foreign policy of US... includes all US embassie…
formulates and sets finance tax policy... manages debt, collect…
originally Department of War... supports defense and national se…
represents govt in legal matters... provides means for enforceme…
State
responsible for foreign policy of US... includes all US embassie…
Treasury
formulates and sets finance tax policy... manages debt, collect…
241 terms
AP US Government Vocab List
Affirmative Action
amicus curiae briefs
appropriations bill
authorization bill
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Briefs submitted to the court by outside parties to influence…
Act of Congress that funds programs within authorized limits.…
Act of Congress that makes or continues a government or entit…
Affirmative Action
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
amicus curiae briefs
Briefs submitted to the court by outside parties to influence…
AP US Government Congress
bicameral
filibuster
cloture
censure
A legislature divided into two houses.
A formal way of halting action on a bill by means of long spe…
A mechanism requiring sixty senators votes to cut off a debat…
A process by which a formal reprimand is issued to an individ…
bicameral
A legislature divided into two houses.
filibuster
A formal way of halting action on a bill by means of long spe…
115 terms
AP US Government Institutions Review
instructed delegates
trustee model
Number of members in the House of Repr…
Basis for determining the number of re…
concept of representation that asserts that legislators shoul…
favored by Edmund Burke, it claims that the legislator should…
435
population
instructed delegates
concept of representation that asserts that legislators shoul…
trustee model
favored by Edmund Burke, it claims that the legislator should…
396 terms
AP US Government
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
AP US Government Vocab all
Affirmative action
Strict scrutiny (Supreme Court)
Miranda warnings
Exclusionary rule
A policy in hiring that gives consideration or compensatory t…
A test used by the Supreme Court for issues such as affirmati…
The warning given to criminal suspects prior to questioning.
A restriction imposed at trial that disallows admission by th…
Affirmative action
A policy in hiring that gives consideration or compensatory t…
Strict scrutiny (Supreme Court)
A test used by the Supreme Court for issues such as affirmati…
27 terms
AP US Government- Amendments
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
Freedom of religion (Engle v Vital, Lemon v Kurtzman), speech…
Right to bear arms
Quartering of soldiers
Search and arrest warrants requires probable cause (Mapp v Oh…
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion (Engle v Vital, Lemon v Kurtzman), speech…
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
AP US History "Events, Activities and Government Actions
Adamson Act 1916
Albany Plan of Union 1754
Algeciras Conference 1905
American Indian Movement 1968
Act that created the 8 hour day for workers on the railroads…
Proposal of Benjamin Franklin to form a stronger colonial Uni…
Where pres Theodore Roosevelt settled differences between Ger…
Militant Native American organization opposed to assimilation…
Adamson Act 1916
Act that created the 8 hour day for workers on the railroads…
Albany Plan of Union 1754
Proposal of Benjamin Franklin to form a stronger colonial Uni…
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