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Study sets matching "ap government and politics congress"

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Study sets matching "ap government and politics congress"

132 terms
AP Government & Politics-Congress
How did the Framers view Congress?
What was the Framer's intent?
From 1789-1900, who dominated- Congres…
What was the first major piece of legi…
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
Congress, such as the issue of slavery
Missouri Compromise
How did the Framers view Congress?
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
What was the Framer's intent?
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
AP Government and Politics-Congress
National Debt
Fiscal Year
President's Budget
Balanced Budget
total amount of the deficit ... the total amount of money that…
A 12-month pd, October through September, for planning the fe…
proposes on the first February in monday... Office of Managemen…
Budget in which revenues are equal to spending
National Debt
total amount of the deficit ... the total amount of money that…
Fiscal Year
A 12-month pd, October through September, for planning the fe…
88 terms
AP Government & Politics - Congress
constituency
unicameral
bicameral
incumbency
a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representati…
a single legislative body or chamber
the division of a legislature into two separate assemblies (o…
the holding of an office or the period during which one is he…
constituency
a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representati…
unicameral
a single legislative body or chamber
257 terms
AP Government and Politics Congress Special Edition
House of Representatives
Senate
Incumbants
Casework
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
Part of bicameral legislature, 2 representatives from each st…
Those already holding office, in congressional elections they…
What congressional might do to help an individual constituent…
House of Representatives
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
Senate
Part of bicameral legislature, 2 representatives from each st…
28 terms
AP Government & Politics - Congress
Constituency
Unicameral
Bicameral
Incumbency
a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representati…
having a single legislative chamber; example Nebraska's legis…
having two branches or chambers; example US has Senate and Ho…
the holding of an office or the period during which one is held
Constituency
a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representati…
Unicameral
having a single legislative chamber; example Nebraska's legis…
17 terms
AP Government and Politics - Congress
why is it harder for a senator to get…
five reasons why incumbents usually win
casework
pork barrel
senators represent the entire state, while HOR members typica…
advertising (visibility at home, franking), credit claiming (…
activities of members of congress that help constituents as i…
federal projects, grants, and contracts available to state an…
why is it harder for a senator to get…
senators represent the entire state, while HOR members typica…
five reasons why incumbents usually win
advertising (visibility at home, franking), credit claiming (…
AP Government and Politics Congress Test
Bicameral Legislature
House of Representatives
Senate
Incumbants
Legislature divided into two houses, senate and the house of…
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
Part of bicameral legislature, 2 representatives from each st…
Those already holding office, in congressional elections they…
Bicameral Legislature
Legislature divided into two houses, senate and the house of…
House of Representatives
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
31 terms
AP Government and Politics Congress Vocabulary
Attitudinal view
Bicameral legislature
Closed rule
Cloture rule
The vote of a congressman is influenced by personal attitude…
A lawmaking body composed of two chambers or parts.
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow for…
A Senate rule offering a means for stopping a filibuster. A v…
Attitudinal view
The vote of a congressman is influenced by personal attitude…
Bicameral legislature
A lawmaking body composed of two chambers or parts.
74 terms
AP Government and Politics Polls and Congress
Exit Polls
Margin of Error
Political Socialization
Push Polls
Polls conducted as voters leave selected polling places on El…
A measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
The process through which individuals acquire their political…
Polls taken for the purpose of providing information on an op…
Exit Polls
Polls conducted as voters leave selected polling places on El…
Margin of Error
A measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll
268 terms
AP Government and Politics Congress Test, Congress: AP Government Ch. 11, AP Government - Congress Part II, AP Government - Congress, AP Government & Politics - Congress
Bicameral Legislature
House of Representatives
Senate
Incumbants
Legislature divided into two houses, senate and the house of…
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
Part of bicameral legislature, 2 representatives from each st…
Those already holding office, in congressional elections they…
Bicameral Legislature
Legislature divided into two houses, senate and the house of…
House of Representatives
Part of bicameral legislature, representatives from each stat…
AP Government and Politics Congress Vocabulary
Advice and Consent Power
Attitudinal view of representation
Bicameral Legislature
Caucus
Under the constitution, presidential nominations for executiv…
The theory of congressional voting behavior which assumes tha…
A legislative assembly composed of two separate houses, such…
An association of members of Congress created to advocate on…
Advice and Consent Power
Under the constitution, presidential nominations for executiv…
Attitudinal view of representation
The theory of congressional voting behavior which assumes tha…
63 terms
AP US Government and Politics Chapter 7- Congress
Bicameral legislature
Apportionment
Bill
Impeachment
A two-house legislature.
The process of allotting congressional seats to each state fo…
A proposed law
The power delegated to the House of Representatives in the Co…
Bicameral legislature
A two-house legislature.
Apportionment
The process of allotting congressional seats to each state fo…
42 terms
Chapter 12: Congress - AP Government and Politics
Incumbents
Casework
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts av…
A legislature divided into 2 houses. The U. S. Congress and e…
Incumbents
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, inc…
Casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
19 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 11 - Congress
incumbents
casework
pork barrel
bicameral legislature
those individuals who already hold office. In congressional e…
activities of members of Congress that helps constituents as…
Federal projects, grants, and contracts available to state an…
a legislature divided into two houses. The U.S Congress and a…
incumbents
those individuals who already hold office. In congressional e…
casework
activities of members of Congress that helps constituents as…
51 terms
AP Government & Politics: Congress Key Terms and Definitions
Appropriation
2005 Consolidated Appropriations Act
Authorization
Bicameral
money set aside (as by a legislature) for a specific purpose
On Friday November 19, 2004 it was announced that the United…
official permission or approval
composed of two legislative bodies
Appropriation
money set aside (as by a legislature) for a specific purpose
2005 Consolidated Appropriations Act
On Friday November 19, 2004 it was announced that the United…
41 terms
AP Government & Politics: Chapter 12 Congress Flashcards
Constituency
Bicameral
Sociological representation
Agency Representation
the residents in the area from which an official is elected.
characterized as having a legislative assembly composed of tw…
a type of representation in which representatives have the sa…
the type of representation in which a representative is held…
Constituency
the residents in the area from which an official is elected.
Bicameral
characterized as having a legislative assembly composed of tw…
Chapter 13: Congress Vocab - AP Government and Politics
Conservative Coalition
Pork-barrel Legislation
Partisan Polarization
Division (or standing) Vote
An alliance between Republicans and conservative Democrats
Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in s…
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislatures oppose…
A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and a…
Conservative Coalition
An alliance between Republicans and conservative Democrats
Pork-barrel Legislation
Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in s…
58 terms
Chapter 7: Congress - AP Government and Politics
apportionment
Article I
bicameral legislature
a bill
distribution of representatives among the states based on the…
the article of the Constitution that defines the Legislative…
a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
a proposed piece of legislation
apportionment
distribution of representatives among the states based on the…
Article I
the article of the Constitution that defines the Legislative…
120 terms
AP GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS CONGRESS AND PRESIDENCY VOCAB
"Advice and consent"
Ad hoc model
Amendment
Appropriations bill
Role of the U.S. senate in relation to presidential appointme…
Model of office organization in the White House where subordi…
A formal addition or change to a bill under consideration
Any piece of legislation involving the funding of a particula…
"Advice and consent"
Role of the U.S. senate in relation to presidential appointme…
Ad hoc model
Model of office organization in the White House where subordi…
117 terms
AP Government and Politics: Chapter 13 - Congress
ARTICLE I - THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH...F…
***Article I: Ultimate power of the pu…
What is the only entity that can exerc…
Where are the powers of Congress writt…
...
...
Congress
Article I Section 8 ; 14 powers
ARTICLE I - THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH...F…
...
***Article I: Ultimate power of the pu…
...
37 terms
AP American Government and Politics: Chapter 13: Congress
bicameral legislature
filibuster
marginal districts
safe districts
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House…
Districts in which incumbents win by margins of 55% or more
bicameral legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
filibuster
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
61 terms
AP Government & Politics Unit 4: Congress
Bicameral
Requirements for Representatives
Requirements for Senators
Apportionment
Composed of two legislative bodies.
Must be at least 25, been a citizen for 7 years, and be a res…
Must be at least 30 years old, have been a U.S. citizen for a…
Allotting seats in the House to each state following the cens…
Bicameral
Composed of two legislative bodies.
Requirements for Representatives
Must be at least 25, been a citizen for 7 years, and be a res…
46 terms
AP US Government and Politics Ch 11 Congress
Bicameral Legislature
Closed Rule
Cloture Rule
Committee on Committees
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow a bi…
A Senate rule offering a means for stopping a filibuster.
Assigns Republicans to standing committees in the Senate.
Bicameral Legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Closed Rule
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow a bi…
26 terms
AP Government & Politics Unit 4: Congress
Bicameral
Requirements for Representatives
Requirements for Senators
Apportionment
Composed of two legislative bodies.
Must be at least 25, been a citizen for 7 years, and be a res…
Must be at least 30 years old, have been a U.S. citizen for a…
Allotting seats in the House to each state following the cens…
Bicameral
Composed of two legislative bodies.
Requirements for Representatives
Must be at least 25, been a citizen for 7 years, and be a res…
14 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Vocabulary: Congress
Congressional redistricting
Gerrymandering
Incumbent
Franking privilege
the reallocation of the number of representatives each state…
the legislative process by which the majority party in each s…
An officeholder who is seeking reelection. This is the single…
the right of members of Congress to mail newsletters to their…
Congressional redistricting
the reallocation of the number of representatives each state…
Gerrymandering
the legislative process by which the majority party in each s…
61 terms
AP Government & Politics Unit 4: Congress
Bicameral
Requirements for Representatives
Requirements for Senators
Apportionment
Composed of two legislative bodies.
Must be at least 25, been a citizen for 7 years, and be a res…
Must be at least 30 years old, have been a U.S. citizen for a…
Allotting seats in the House to each state following the cens…
Bicameral
Composed of two legislative bodies.
Requirements for Representatives
Must be at least 25, been a citizen for 7 years, and be a res…
37 terms
AP Government & Politics - Congress (ch. 13)
partisan polarization
bicameral legislature
filibuster
marginal districts
a vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a…
a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
an attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefine…
political districts in which candidates elected to the House…
partisan polarization
a vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a…
bicameral legislature
a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
63 terms
AP United States Government & Politics (Founding & Congress)
Antifederalist
Articles of Confederation
Bicameral legislature
Bill of Rights
Those who are against the Constitution. Those who are for sta…
The compact among the thirteen original states that formed th…
A legislature composed of two houses or chambers. The U.S. Co…
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Antifederalist
Those who are against the Constitution. Those who are for sta…
Articles of Confederation
The compact among the thirteen original states that formed th…
72 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit 1: Congress
Unicameral legislature
Bicameral legislature
Powers of Congress: Article I, Section 8
Article II, Section 2
one-house legislature
two-house legislature
power to finance the gov, interstate commerce regulation, def…
Senate must approve treaties and presidential appointments by…
Unicameral legislature
one-house legislature
Bicameral legislature
two-house legislature
24 terms
Ap Government and Politics: Chapter 11 - Congress
Bill
Cloture
Conference committees
constituency
A proposed law (legislative Act) within Congress or another l…
A parliamentary maneuver that, if a three-fifths majority vot…
A temporary joint committee of the House and Senate appointed…
The individuals who live within the geographical area represe…
Bill
A proposed law (legislative Act) within Congress or another l…
Cloture
A parliamentary maneuver that, if a three-fifths majority vot…
69 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 11: The Congress
Great Compromise
House- Proportionate Representation
Bicameral Legislation
Delegates
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention... The larger stat…
The election of a representative from a single-member distric…
Composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches
A person designated to act for or represent another or others…
Great Compromise
Delegates to the Constitutional Convention... The larger stat…
House- Proportionate Representation
The election of a representative from a single-member distric…
61 terms
AP Government & Politics Unit 4: Congress
Bicameral
Requirements for Representatives
Requirements for Senators
Apportionment
Composed of two legislative bodies.
Must be at least 25, been a citizen for 7 years, and be a res…
Must be at least 30 years old, have been a U.S. citizen for a…
Allotting seats in the House to each state following the cens…
Bicameral
Composed of two legislative bodies.
Requirements for Representatives
Must be at least 25, been a citizen for 7 years, and be a res…
44 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics: Congress Vocab
bill
cloture
conference committees
constituency
A proposed law (legislative act) within Congress or another l…
A parlimentary maneuver that, if three-fifths majority votes…
Temporary committees formed to bargain over the differences i…
The individuals who live within the geographical area represe…
bill
A proposed law (legislative act) within Congress or another l…
cloture
A parlimentary maneuver that, if three-fifths majority votes…
AP US Government and Politics Vocab - Unit 8 The Congress
baker v carr
cloture
conference committee
congressional oversight
(1962) - case that established the principle of one man, one…
the process in which it takes 60 senators to cut off a filibu…
a committee consisting of senators and representatives that m…
power used by Congress to gather information useful for the f…
baker v carr
(1962) - case that established the principle of one man, one…
cloture
the process in which it takes 60 senators to cut off a filibu…
11 terms
AP US Government and Politics - Chapter 13: Congress Part 1
Bi-cameral legislature
Filibuster
Rule 22
Marginal districts
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
provided that debate could be cut off by two thirds of the se…
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House…
Bi-cameral legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Filibuster
An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefini…
46 terms
AP US Government and Politics Ch 13 Vocab (Congress)
Bicameral Legislature
Closed Rule
Cloture Rule
Committee on Committees
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow a bi…
A Senate rule offering a means for stopping a filibuster.
Assigns Republicans to standing committees in the Senate.
Bicameral Legislature
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts.
Closed Rule
A rule issued by the Rules Committee that does not allow a bi…
88 terms
AP Government and Politics Unit IV: The United States Congress
What is the difference in the way Parl…
Which (Parliament or Congress) is more…
What does Congress rely on in order to…
How is the Prime Minister selected?
Parliament: Party puts the name on the ballot and the voter v…
Parliament; because the individual's electability relies comp…
Their constituents' opinions, their personality, their politi…
Parliament selects the prime minister from the majority
What is the difference in the way Parl…
Parliament: Party puts the name on the ballot and the voter v…
Which (Parliament or Congress) is more…
Parliament; because the individual's electability relies comp…
78 terms
AP Government - Congress
Incumbents
Casework
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, the…
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts av…
A legislature divided into two houses. The U.S. Congress and…
Incumbents
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, the…
Casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
45 terms
AP Government and Politics: Government in America Ch. 12 Congress Vocab
Incumbents
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
House Rules Committee
Those already holding office. Usually win in congressional el…
List of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to…
Splits Congress into 2 houses: Senate and HOR.
An institution unique to the HOR that reviews all bills(excep…
Incumbents
Those already holding office. Usually win in congressional el…
Pork Barrel
List of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to…
19 terms
AP Government and Politics: Government in America Ch. 12 Congress Vocab
Incumbents
Pork Barrel
Bicameral Legislature
House Rules Committee
Those already holding office. Usually win in congressional el…
List of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to…
Splits Congress into 2 houses: Senate and HOR.
An institution unique to the HOR that reviews all bills(excep…
Incumbents
Those already holding office. Usually win in congressional el…
Pork Barrel
List of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to…
12 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Key Terms Congress
Constituency
Bicameral
Pork Barrel
Select Committee
The people that reside in the area from which an official was…
A legislative assembly that is composed of two chambers or ho…
Appropriations made by legislative bodies for local projects…
Typically temporary legislative committees that are set up to…
Constituency
The people that reside in the area from which an official was…
Bicameral
A legislative assembly that is composed of two chambers or ho…
36 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 7: Congress
representation
national lawmaking
constituency
policy representation
the efforts of elected officials to look out for the interest…
the creation of policy to address the problems and needs of t…
the voters in a state or district
congressional work to advance the issues and ideological pref…
representation
the efforts of elected officials to look out for the interest…
national lawmaking
the creation of policy to address the problems and needs of t…
33 terms
AP Government - Congress
incumbents
casework
pork barrel
bicameral legislature
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, the…
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
The mighty list of federal projects, grants, and contracts av…
A legislature divided into two houses. The U.S. Congress and…
incumbents
Those already holding office. In congressional elections, the…
casework
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as i…
36 terms
AP Government Congress
bicameral legislature
caucus
closed rule
cloture rule
A law making body made of two houses (bi means 2). Example: C…
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
An order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limi…
A rule used by the Senate to end or limit debate
bicameral legislature
A law making body made of two houses (bi means 2). Example: C…
caucus
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or…
34 terms
AP Government and Politics Chapter 7: Congress Vocabulary (Dunne)
Allocative Representation
Bicameral Legislation
Casework
Cloture
Congressional work to secure projects, services. and funds fo…
Legislature with two chambers
Legislative work on behalf of individual constituents to solv…
A vote to end a Senate filibuster; requires a three-fifths ma…
Allocative Representation
Congressional work to secure projects, services. and funds fo…
Bicameral Legislation
Legislature with two chambers
22 terms
AP Government - Congress, the President, and the Budget: The Politics of Taxing and Spending (Chapter 14)
budget
deficit
expenditures
revenues
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (ex…
An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues.
Federal spending of revenues. Major areas such as spending ar…
The financial resources of the federal government. The indivi…
budget
A policy document allocating burdens (taxes) and benefits (ex…
deficit
An excess of federal expenditures over federal revenues.
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
27 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary terms:Congress and the Presidency
appropriation
appropriations committee
casework
closed rule
money that congress has set aside/allocated to be spent., mon…
congressional committee that deals with federal spending
personal work done by a member of congress for his constituents
rules committee rule that bans amendments to a bill, A proced…
appropriation
money that congress has set aside/allocated to be spent., mon…
appropriations committee
congressional committee that deals with federal spending
37 terms
AP Government - Chapter 14: The Congress, the President and the Budget: the Politics of Taxing and Spending
What did the 16th Amendment (ratified…
The income tax is generally progressiv…
What is the federal debt made of?
How does the government borrow money p…
It explicitly permitted Congress to levy an income tax.
Those with more income pay higher rates of tax on their income.
It consists of all the money borrowed over the years by the n…
It sells bonds.
What did the 16th Amendment (ratified…
It explicitly permitted Congress to levy an income tax.
The income tax is generally progressiv…
Those with more income pay higher rates of tax on their income.
83 terms
AP Government- Congress
Article I of the U.S. Constitution
What makes up the U.S. Congress?
How is representation determined in th…
What is the term of office for a Senat…
-Creates bicameral legislature, the U.S. Congress... -Congress i…
-Consists of two houses: House of Representatives and Senate…
-100 senators... -2 senators from each state
-6 years... -Terms are staggered so that 1/3 of senators are ele…
Article I of the U.S. Constitution
-Creates bicameral legislature, the U.S. Congress... -Congress i…
What makes up the U.S. Congress?
-Consists of two houses: House of Representatives and Senate…
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