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Study sets matching "ap government vocabulary judiciary"

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Study sets matching "ap government vocabulary judiciary"

32 terms
AP Government - The Judiciary Vocabulary
amicus curiae brief
plea bargain
litmus test
majority opinion
legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
agreement between a prosecutor and a defendant that the defen…
a test of ideological purity used by recent presidents in sel…
a court opinion reflecting the views of the majority of the j…
amicus curiae brief
legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
plea bargain
agreement between a prosecutor and a defendant that the defen…
24 terms
the judiciary vocabulary - ap government
amicus curiae
appellate jurisdiction
brief
civil law
friend of the court
power vested in particular courts to review/revise decisions…
document containing legal written arguements
codes of behavior relating to the conduct & relationships bet…
amicus curiae
friend of the court
appellate jurisdiction
power vested in particular courts to review/revise decisions…
28 terms
AP Government - The Judiciary vocabulary
judicial review
strict-constructionalist approach
activist approach
constitutional court
right of federal courts to declare laws of Congress and acts…
belief that judges should only judge and confine themselves t…
belief that judges should discover the general principles und…
court exercising the judicial powers formed in Article III of…
judicial review
right of federal courts to declare laws of Congress and acts…
strict-constructionalist approach
belief that judges should only judge and confine themselves t…
28 terms
Judiciary Vocabulary AP Government
Judicial Review
Amicus Curiae
Briefs
Class Actions Suits
It is a review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional…
It is someone who is not a party to a case and offers informa…
It is a legally written document used in various legal advers…
Changes advances in a court by one or more plaintiffs on beha…
Judicial Review
It is a review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional…
Amicus Curiae
It is someone who is not a party to a case and offers informa…
27 terms
AP Government Judiciary vocabulary
1789 Judiciary Act
american bar association
amicus curiae brief
appellate jurisdiction
a congressional law from 1789 that created the united states…
an interest group of lawyers that rates judicial nominees as…
a brief filed by an individual or group that is not a party o…
the power of a court to review a case already decided by a lo…
1789 Judiciary Act
a congressional law from 1789 that created the united states…
american bar association
an interest group of lawyers that rates judicial nominees as…
30 terms
AP Government The Judiciary Vocabulary
Amicus Curiae
Appellate Jurisdiction
Civil Law
Common Law
"friend of the court" (briefs submitted to raise additional p…
courts that hear cases brought to them on appeal from a lower…
the body of law involving cases without a charge of criminali…
the accumulation of judicial decisions applied in civil law d…
Amicus Curiae
"friend of the court" (briefs submitted to raise additional p…
Appellate Jurisdiction
courts that hear cases brought to them on appeal from a lower…
30 terms
AP Government Judiciary Vocabulary
amicus curie
appellate jurisdiction
civil law
common law
people who have interest in the case can submit information,…
Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or a…
Codes of behavior related to business and contractual relatio…
A system of law based on precedent and customs
amicus curie
people who have interest in the case can submit information,…
appellate jurisdiction
Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or a…
30 terms
AP Government - The Judiciary
Class action suits
Justiciable disputes
Amicus Curiae
Original Jurisdiction
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
"Friend of the Court" file briefs or even appear to argue the…
courts that hear a case first , usually in trial.
Class action suits
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
Justiciable disputes
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
33 terms
Ap US Government: The Judiciary
Judiciary
US Supreme Court
Marbury V Madison
Judicial review
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
The 1803 Supreme Court case that established the power of jud…
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
Judiciary
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
US Supreme Court
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
34 terms
AP Government - The Judiciary
judicial review
judicial restraint approach
judicial activist approach
constitutional court
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
The view that judges should discern the general principles un…
A federal court authorized by Article III of the Constitution…
judicial review
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
judicial restraint approach
The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
12 terms
AP Government Vocabulary Review: The Judiciary (Ak)
Appellate Jurisdiction
Senatorial Courtesy
Writ of Certiorari
Rule of Four
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
An order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send…
The Supreme Court will hear a case if four justices agree to…
Appellate Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
Senatorial Courtesy
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
11 terms
AP Government Exam Vocabulary; the Judiciary
Adversary System
Justiciable Dispute
Plea Bargain
Original Jurisdiction
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
Agreement between a prosecutor and a defendant that the defen…
The authority of a court to hear a case "in the first instanc…
Adversary System
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
Justiciable Dispute
A dispute growing out of an actual case or controversy and th…
AP Government: Institutions (Judiciary)
adversarial system
amicus curiae
appellate jurisdiction
Boumediene v. Bush
A system of justice in which advocates for opposing parties e…
A Latin term meaning "friend of the court." Refers to interes…
Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or a…
2008, non-citizens have the right to habeas corpus, and congr…
adversarial system
A system of justice in which advocates for opposing parties e…
amicus curiae
A Latin term meaning "friend of the court." Refers to interes…
58 terms
Review:AP Government Vocabulary: Unit 4: Judiciary
Article III
Federal Court Structure
Number of Justices
Jurisdiction
Creates federal court system established by Congress and the…
Supreme Court (Highest Court)... U.S. Court of Appeals... U.S. Dist…
Congress determines Size... Number of Justices:... -Maximum:11... -Min…
Authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the…
Article III
Creates federal court system established by Congress and the…
Federal Court Structure
Supreme Court (Highest Court)... U.S. Court of Appeals... U.S. Dist…
31 terms
AP Government: Chapter 16 The Judiciary
Judicial Review
Judicial Restraint
Judicial Activism
Marbury v Madison
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
The view that judges should discern the general principles un…
Upheld judicial review of congressional acts
Judicial Review
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
Judicial Restraint
The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
33 terms
Ap US Government: The Judiciary
Judiciary
US Supreme Court
Marbury V Madison
Judicial review
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
The 1803 Supreme Court case that established the power of jud…
Court authority to determine that an action taken by any gove…
Judiciary
The branch of government comprising the courts and judges who…
US Supreme Court
High Court with a limited original jurisdiction whose decisio…
51 terms
AP Government- Judiciary
Jurisdiction
How is jurisdiction divided under fede…
Concurrent Jurisdiction
Jurisdiction of Federal Courts
-Authority of courts to hear a case... -Determined by what type…
-Federal courts have jurisdiction in cases involving federal…
Some cases can be tried in either state or federal courts sin…
-Cases involving federal law; Cases involving treaties U.S. h…
Jurisdiction
-Authority of courts to hear a case... -Determined by what type…
How is jurisdiction divided under fede…
-Federal courts have jurisdiction in cases involving federal…
30 terms
AP Government: The Judiciary
Judicial Review
Strict Constructionist
Judicial Activist
Constitutional Court
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of…
one who argues a narrow interpretation of the Constitution's…
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constit…
A federal court authorized by Article III of the Constitution…
Judicial Review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of…
Strict Constructionist
one who argues a narrow interpretation of the Constitution's…
30 terms
AP Government - The Judiciary
Class action suits
Justiciable disputes
Amicus Curiae
Original Jurisdiction
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
"Friend of the Court" file briefs or even appear to argue the…
courts that hear a case first , usually in trial.
Class action suits
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
Justiciable disputes
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
26 terms
AP Government Ch 16: The Judiciary Vocabulary
judicial review
judicial restraint approach
activist approach
constitutional court
the power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
the view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
the view that judges should discern the general principles un…
a federal court authorized by Article III of the Constitution…
judicial review
the power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
judicial restraint approach
the view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
22 terms
AP Government- Chapter 9: The Judiciary Vocabulary terms
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Judiciary Act of 1789
authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
the power vested in particular courts to review and/or revise…
legislative act that established the basic three-tiered struc…
Jurisdiction
authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the…
Original jurisdiction
the jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in…
38 terms
AP Government: Institutions (Judiciary)
adversarial system
amicus curiae
appellate jurisdiction
Boumediene v. Bush
A system of justice in which advocates for opposing parties e…
A Latin term meaning "friend of the court." Refers to interes…
Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or a…
2008, non-citizens have the right to habeas corpus, and congr…
adversarial system
A system of justice in which advocates for opposing parties e…
amicus curiae
A Latin term meaning "friend of the court." Refers to interes…
47 terms
AP US Government: Chapter 15 The Judiciary Vocabulary
judiciary
U.S. Supreme Court
original jurisdiction
appellate jurisdiction
the branch of government that resolves conflicts in the law;…
highest court of the land; has limited original jurisdiction…
judicial authority to hear cases for the first time and to de…
judicial authority to review the interpretation and applicati…
judiciary
the branch of government that resolves conflicts in the law;…
U.S. Supreme Court
highest court of the land; has limited original jurisdiction…
36 terms
AP Government Judiciary Branch
Affirm
Amicus Curiae Brief
Appellate Court
Broad Construction
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Literally, a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individ…
A court having a jurisdiction to review cases and issues that…
a judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose o…
Affirm
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Amicus Curiae Brief
Literally, a "friend of the court" brief, filed by an individ…
30 terms
AP Government - The Judiciary
Class action suits
Justiciable disputes
Amicus Curiae
Original Jurisdiction
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
"Friend of the Court" file briefs or even appear to argue the…
courts that hear a case first , usually in trial.
Class action suits
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
Justiciable disputes
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
106 terms
AP Government The Judiciary
Limited federal... Constitution: a list o…
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Due Process Clause
Objectives of the Framers: Civil Liberties
Protections against the abuse of government power
Protections against discrimination
14th amendment clause stating that no state may deprive a per…
Limited federal... Constitution: a list o…
Objectives of the Framers: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Protections against the abuse of government power
AP Government - Unit 3 | The Judiciary
Judicial Review
Judicial Restraint Approach
Activist Approach (Judicial Activism)
Marbury v Madison (1803)
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
The view that judges should discern the general principles un…
SCOTUS established power of judicial review - to declare fede…
Judicial Review
The power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
Judicial Restraint Approach
The view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basi…
40 terms
AP Government Judiciary and Bureaucracy
Marbury v. Madison
Judicial Review
adversary system
plantiff
Established the principle of Judicial Review. Defined the lin…
the ability to look over rulings to decide if they're constit…
2 advocates represent their parties positions before an impar…
the one who is accusing
Marbury v. Madison
Established the principle of Judicial Review. Defined the lin…
Judicial Review
the ability to look over rulings to decide if they're constit…
30 terms
AP Government - The Judiciary
Class action suits
Justiciable disputes
Amicus Curiae
Original Jurisdiction
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
"Friend of the Court" file briefs or even appear to argue the…
courts that hear a case first , usually in trial.
Class action suits
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
Justiciable disputes
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
32 terms
AP Government: Chapter 15 Vocabulary - The Judiciary Branch
Affirm
Appellate Court
Broad Construction
Case Law
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
A judicial philosophy that looks to the context and purpose o…
Judicial interpretations of common-law principles and doctrin…
Affirm
To declare that a court ruling is valid and must stand.
Appellate Court
A court having jurisdiction to review cases and issues that w…
27 terms
AP Government the Judiciary
judicial review
judicial restraint approach
activist approach
Marbury v. Madison
Power of a court to declare laws unconstitutional.
View judges should decide cases based strictly on the languag…
View judges should discern the general principles and underly…
Made official the power of the court to decide on whether exe…
judicial review
Power of a court to declare laws unconstitutional.
judicial restraint approach
View judges should decide cases based strictly on the languag…
30 terms
AP Government - The Judiciary
Class action suits
Justiciable disputes
Amicus Curiae
Original Jurisdiction
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
"Friend of the Court" file briefs or even appear to argue the…
courts that hear a case first , usually in trial.
Class action suits
a small group of people sueing a large group of people
Justiciable disputes
a constraint on the courts requiring case be capable of being…
81 terms
AP Government: Judiciary (Murphy)
writ of certiorari
original jurisdiction of the Supreme C…
appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme…
district court
Order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up…
.
.
lowest level of federal courts; has original jurisdiction in…
writ of certiorari
Order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up…
original jurisdiction of the Supreme C…
.
22 terms
AP Government: Judiciary Ch. 16
Senatorial courtesy
Judicial Activism
Judicial Restraint
Writ Of Certiorari
Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective ap…
the philosophy that the supreme court should play an active r…
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constit…
Order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up…
Senatorial courtesy
Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective ap…
Judicial Activism
the philosophy that the supreme court should play an active r…
37 terms
AP Government The Judiciary
activist approach
adversary system
amicus curiae briefs
appellate jurisdiction
the idea that the judges should interpret the Constitution ba…
a legal system used in the common law countries where two adv…
legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
the jurisdiction of courts that hear cases brought to them fr…
activist approach
the idea that the judges should interpret the Constitution ba…
adversary system
a legal system used in the common law countries where two adv…
28 terms
AP Government judiciary vocab
when 2+ justices vote similarly
group who agreed to block filibuster (…
Rules about citizen relationships
An agreement with the majority view bu…
bloc voting
Gang of Fourteen
civil law
concurring opinion
when 2+ justices vote similarly
bloc voting
group who agreed to block filibuster (…
Gang of Fourteen
91 terms
AP Government: The Judiciary
Standing to Sue
Class Action Suits
Justiciable Disputes
Amicus Curiae Briefs
The requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a…
Lawsuits in which a small number of people sue on behalf of a…
Issues capable of being settled as a matter of law
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
Standing to Sue
The requirement that plaintiffs have a serious interest in a…
Class Action Suits
Lawsuits in which a small number of people sue on behalf of a…
27 terms
AP Government Judiciary Chapter
Judicial Review
Adversary System
Criminal Law
Civil Law
The power of a court to refuse to enforce a low or government…
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
A law that defines crimes against the public order
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
Judicial Review
The power of a court to refuse to enforce a low or government…
Adversary System
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
Ap government Judiciary
activist approach
amicus curiae
brief
civil law
An approach to judicial review which holds that judges should…
A Latin term meaning "friend of the court." Refers to interes…
A legal document submitted by lawyers to courts. It sets fort…
Rules defining relationships among private citizens
activist approach
An approach to judicial review which holds that judges should…
amicus curiae
A Latin term meaning "friend of the court." Refers to interes…
28 terms
Ap government The Judiciary
Activist Approach
Amicus Curiae Brief
Brief
Class action suit
The view that judges should discern the general principles un…
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court"
A written statement by an attorney that summarizes a case and…
a case brought by someone to help him or her and all others w…
Activist Approach
The view that judges should discern the general principles un…
Amicus Curiae Brief
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court"
24 terms
AP Government: Judiciary Vocab
judicial review
Judiciary Act of 1789
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
trial courts
legislative and executive actions are subject to review by th…
established the basic three-tiered structure of the federal c…
Case in which the Supreme Court first asserted the power of j…
a court of law where cases are tried in the first place, as o…
judicial review
legislative and executive actions are subject to review by th…
Judiciary Act of 1789
established the basic three-tiered structure of the federal c…
23 terms
AP Government: Judiciary
Judicial review
Adversary system
Criminal law
Civil law
The power of a court to refuse to enforce a law or government…
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
A law that defines crimes against the public order.
A law that governs relationships between individuals and defi…
Judicial review
The power of a court to refuse to enforce a law or government…
Adversary system
A judicial system in which the court of law is a neutral aren…
20 terms
AP Government judiciary vocab
Amicus curiae
Appellate jurisdiction
Circuit court of appeals
Common law
Someone who is not a party to a case and offers information t…
The power of a higher court to review decisions and change ou…
One of twelve U.S. courts that cover a group of states and re…
A body of unwritten laws based on precedents established by t…
Amicus curiae
Someone who is not a party to a case and offers information t…
Appellate jurisdiction
The power of a higher court to review decisions and change ou…
31 terms
Judiciary Branch - AP Government
Where can the Judicial Branch be found…
Original Jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction
Article III
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
the power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes…
Where can the Judicial Branch be found…
Article III
Original Jurisdiction
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a c…
26 terms
AP Government- The Judiciary
amicus curiae
appellate jurisdiction
Burger court
concurring opinion
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court".
Authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed fro…
Warren Burger was appointed by Nixon in 1969 as the 15th Chie…
An opinion that agrees with the majority in a Supreme Court r…
amicus curiae
A brief submitted by a "friend of the court".
appellate jurisdiction
Authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed fro…
26 terms
AP Government Judiciary
Judicial Reviews
Judicial Restraint Approach
Judicial Activist Approach
Constitutional Court
the power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
view that judges should decide cases strictly on basis of lan…
view proposing that judges should interpret the Constitution…
A federal court authorized by Article III of the Constitution…
Judicial Reviews
the power of courts to declare laws unconstitutional
Judicial Restraint Approach
view that judges should decide cases strictly on basis of lan…
53 terms
AP Government Judiciary Test
"Commentaries on the Laws of England 1…
Federalist 78 (Hamilton)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Current Justices of the Supreme Court
It is the right of every Englishman to apply to the court for…
A limited Constitution requires an independent judiciary to c…
Formed the basis for judicial review; petition brought by Mar…
1. Scalia (R- Reagan) ... 2. Kennedy (M- Reagan) ... 3. Thomas (R-B…
"Commentaries on the Laws of England 1…
It is the right of every Englishman to apply to the court for…
Federalist 78 (Hamilton)
A limited Constitution requires an independent judiciary to c…
29 terms
AP Government & Politics: The Judiciary
article III of the constitution
appointment of SCOTUS judges
appointments require
characteristics of SCOTUS judges
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
simple majority in senate
-old... -experience in law... -not politically affiliated... -no scand…
article III of the constitution
-shortest article... -because the judiciary is a relatively new…
appointment of SCOTUS judges
-appointed by the president, confirmed by the senate... -judicia…
22 terms
AP Government: Judiciary
Senatorial courtesy
Judicial Activism
Judicial Restraint
Writ Of Certiorari
Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective ap…
the philosophy that the supreme court should play an active r…
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constit…
Order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up…
Senatorial courtesy
Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective ap…
Judicial Activism
the philosophy that the supreme court should play an active r…
35 terms
AP GOVERNMENT JUDICIARY BRANCH
Activist Approach
Amicus Curiae
Brief
Civil Law
An approach to judicial review which holds that judges should…
A Latin term meaning "friend of the court." Refers to interes…
A legal document submitted by lawyers to courts. It sets fort…
Rules defining relationships among private citizens.
Activist Approach
An approach to judicial review which holds that judges should…
Amicus Curiae
A Latin term meaning "friend of the court." Refers to interes…
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