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Study sets matching "ap language logical fallacies"

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Study sets matching "ap language logical fallacies"

11 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Non Sequitur
Begging the Question
Circular Resoning
Straw Man Argument
A conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from…
A fallacy in which the premises include the claim that the co…
A logical fallacy in which the reasoner begins with what they…
A person simply ignores a person's actual position and substi…
Non Sequitur
A conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from…
Begging the Question
A fallacy in which the premises include the claim that the co…
59 terms
AP Language--Logical Fallacies
Logical Fallacies list
Fallacies are
In general, one useful way to organize…
...
statements that might sound reasonable or superficially true…
...
Logical Fallacies list
...
Fallacies are
statements that might sound reasonable or superficially true…
16 terms
Logical Fallacies AP Language
Red Herring
Cherry Picking
Slippery Slope
Ad Hominem
when the speaker purposefully skips to a new and irreverent t…
the act of pointing out individual cases or data that seem to…
a person asserts that some event must inevitably follow from…
(to the man) attacking a person, rather than his/her claim
Red Herring
when the speaker purposefully skips to a new and irreverent t…
Cherry Picking
the act of pointing out individual cases or data that seem to…
25 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Ad hominem
Ad hominem tu quoque
You're-not-qualified-flaw
ad populum
Ignores the issue and attacks the opponent personally. Can be…
Literally "at the person, you too".... When the claim is dismiss…
Type of ad hominem fallacy that involves failing to address t…
Attempting to win an argument by appealing to the masses inst…
Ad hominem
Ignores the issue and attacks the opponent personally. Can be…
Ad hominem tu quoque
Literally "at the person, you too".... When the claim is dismiss…
16 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominum
Bandwagon Fallacy
Argument for Antiquity
All Natural Fallacy
Arguing against a person rather than their argument
A majority of people believe it to be true so they must be ri…
An argument is right because it's been accepted for so long
Something is done naturally or made from all natural material…
Ad Hominum
Arguing against a person rather than their argument
Bandwagon Fallacy
A majority of people believe it to be true so they must be ri…
18 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Appeal to Authority
Appeal to Emotion
Appeal to Popular Opinion/Bandwagon
Ad Hominen/Attacking the Person
Accepting someone's his or her authority to the argument rath…
Exploiting the audience's feelings to convert them to a parti…
Claiming a position is true because most people believe in it.
Discrediting an argument by arguing about the person who make…
Appeal to Authority
Accepting someone's his or her authority to the argument rath…
Appeal to Emotion
Exploiting the audience's feelings to convert them to a parti…
18 terms
AP Language | Logical Fallacies
Straw Man
Appeal to Irrelevant Author
Equivocation
False Dilemma
A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily ref…
Citing someone who is not an expert in the field
The use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or to avoi…
A fallacy of oversimplification that offers a limited number…
Straw Man
A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily ref…
Appeal to Irrelevant Author
Citing someone who is not an expert in the field
18 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Begging the question (circular logic)
Non sequitur
Post hoc
Faulty analogy
Arguable point presented as fact that supports argument
Conclusion doesn't logically follow explanation
Cause effect don't connect
Dissimilar situations compared
Begging the question (circular logic)
Arguable point presented as fact that supports argument
Non sequitur
Conclusion doesn't logically follow explanation
9 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Ad Hoc argument
Ad Hominem argument
Begging the question
Circular reasoning
Giving an after-the-fact explanation which doesn't apply to o…
From Latin meaning "to or against the man", it is the strateg…
A logical fallacy in which the claim that is made is based on…
This mistake in logic restates the premise rather than giving…
Ad Hoc argument
Giving an after-the-fact explanation which doesn't apply to o…
Ad Hominem argument
From Latin meaning "to or against the man", it is the strateg…
17 terms
Logical Fallacies AP Language
Sweeping generalization
Faulty causation
Begging the question
Non sequitur
Argument based on assumption all people of a kind are the same
Assumes cause without considering other reasonable possibilit…
Conclusion drawn from evidence that has not been proven or es…
No logical connection between two parts of an argument
Sweeping generalization
Argument based on assumption all people of a kind are the same
Faulty causation
Assumes cause without considering other reasonable possibilit…
19 terms
AP Language - Logical Fallacies
Guilt by Asssociation
False Dilemma
Tu Quoque
Slippery Slope
the weak assumption that if something or someone is associate…
the assumption that there are only one or a few choices when…
("you also") saying that the speaker does not practice what i…
a series of increasingly horrendous consequences is predicted…
Guilt by Asssociation
the weak assumption that if something or someone is associate…
False Dilemma
the assumption that there are only one or a few choices when…
Ap Language Logical Fallacies
Ad Hominem
Appeal To Doubtful Authority
Begging The Question
Equivocation
Tries to divert attention from the facts of an argument by at…
Attempting to bolster the argument by using references to exp…
Assumes in the premise what the arguer would be trying to pro…
Occurs when the meaning of a key term changes at some point i…
Ad Hominem
Tries to divert attention from the facts of an argument by at…
Appeal To Doubtful Authority
Attempting to bolster the argument by using references to exp…
9 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Irrelevant Thesis
Ad Hominum (Personal Attack)
Straw Man Argument
Slippery Slope
The umbrella over all of the other logical fallacies. An answ…
An argument that criticizes an idea by blaming the person who…
Misrepresenting someone's argument in order to make it easier…
An analogy used to describe any argument that presupposes tha…
Irrelevant Thesis
The umbrella over all of the other logical fallacies. An answ…
Ad Hominum (Personal Attack)
An argument that criticizes an idea by blaming the person who…
9 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
name calling
bandwagon
red herring
emotional appeal
an attack on a person instead of an isssue
tries to persuade the reader to do, think or buy something be…
an attempt to distract the reader with details not relevant t…
tries to persuade the reader by using words that appeal to th…
name calling
an attack on a person instead of an isssue
bandwagon
tries to persuade the reader to do, think or buy something be…
13 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Fallacies
Slippery Slope
Hasty Generalization
Post hoc ergo proper hoc
Are common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic…
This is a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens,…
This is a conclusion based on insufficient or biased evidence…
This is a conclusion that assumed that if 'A' occurred after…
Fallacies
Are common errors in reasoning that will undermine the logic…
Slippery Slope
This is a conclusion based on the premise that if A happens,…
23 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Sentimental Appeals
Red Herrings
Scare Tactics
Bandwagon or Ad Populum
Use of emotion to distract the audiance from the facts... Exampl…
Use of misleading evidence to support a conclusion.... Example:…
Attemping to frighten people into agreeing with the arguer by…
Encouraging an audiance to agree with a writer because everyo…
Sentimental Appeals
Use of emotion to distract the audiance from the facts... Exampl…
Red Herrings
Use of misleading evidence to support a conclusion.... Example:…
17 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Card Stacking
Name Calling
Glittering generalities
Transfer
A propaganda technique used to manipulate an audience by emph…
Attacking the person making the argument rather than the argu…
Emotionally appealing words so closely associated associated…
Projecting positive or negative qualities of something or som…
Card Stacking
A propaganda technique used to manipulate an audience by emph…
Name Calling
Attacking the person making the argument rather than the argu…
12 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacies
Begging the question
Argument from analogy
Personal attack... (Ad hominem)
Jumping to a conclusion
A logical fallacy that assumes that a statement is true when…
To form a comparison that explains something unfamiliar by co…
This fallacy tried to divert attention from the facts of an a…
This fallacy occurs when a conclusion is reached on the basis…
Begging the question
A logical fallacy that assumes that a statement is true when…
Argument from analogy
To form a comparison that explains something unfamiliar by co…
15 terms
AP Language - Logical Fallacies
Begging the Question (or circular logic)
Non Sequitur arguments
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Faulty Analogies
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
(after this, therefore also this) arguments, or post hoc for…
lead to faulty conclusions. Writers often use similar situati…
Begging the Question (or circular logic)
happens when the writer presents an arguable point as a fact…
Non Sequitur arguments
don't follow a logical sequence. The conclusion doesn't logic…
11 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
ad hominem
ad poplum
appeal to false authority
begging the question
this fallacy uses diversionary tactics by switching the argum…
this fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody is…
this fallacy occurs when someone who has no legitimacy to spe…
a fallacy in which a claim is based on evidence or support th…
ad hominem
this fallacy uses diversionary tactics by switching the argum…
ad poplum
this fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody is…
12 terms
Logical Fallacies ~ AP Language & Composition
Slippery Slope
Hasty Generalization
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Genetic Fallacy
Shows a relationship through cause and effect ( If A happens,…
Rushing to a conclusion, without all of the facts or without…
If one event follows another chronologically then the first e…
The origin of something being the reason to evaluate somethin…
Slippery Slope
Shows a relationship through cause and effect ( If A happens,…
Hasty Generalization
Rushing to a conclusion, without all of the facts or without…
17 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacies
Begging the Question
Bare Assertion
Oversimplification
Red Herring
Asks the reader to simply accept the conclusion without provi…
An argument that is assumed to be true just because it says t…
Provides only one perspective, "It all boils down to" "It is…
In the middle of an argument, the arguer goes off on a tangen…
Begging the Question
Asks the reader to simply accept the conclusion without provi…
Bare Assertion
An argument that is assumed to be true just because it says t…
24 terms
Logical Fallacy AP Language
Strawman
false cause
appeal to emotion
the fallacy fallacy
you misinterpreted someone's argument to make it easier to at…
you presumed that a real or perceived relationship between on…
you attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of…
You presumed that because a claim has been poorly argued, or…
Strawman
you misinterpreted someone's argument to make it easier to at…
false cause
you presumed that a real or perceived relationship between on…
17 terms
AP Language & Composition Logical Fallacies
ad hominem
ad populum (bandwagon appeal)
appeal to false/doubtful authority
begging the question
The diversionary tactic of switching the argument from the is…
A fallacy that occurs when the evidence boils down to "everyo…
A fallacy that occurs when someone who has no expertise to sp…
A fallacy where the claim is based on evidence or support tha…
ad hominem
The diversionary tactic of switching the argument from the is…
ad populum (bandwagon appeal)
A fallacy that occurs when the evidence boils down to "everyo…
27 terms
AP Language: Logical Fallacy
logical fallacy
either or reasoning
causal relationship
faulty causation
error in logic
argument seen in a black or white perspective
one thing causes something else
one thing is said to cause something else, but there's a prob…
logical fallacy
error in logic
either or reasoning
argument seen in a black or white perspective
28 terms
AP Language Logical Fallacy Definitions
logos
bandwagon
begging the question
circular reasoning
a term that refers to logical reasoning - one of the 3 main e…
coming to a decision just because you do not want to be left…
this occurs when the writer expects the reader to accept a po…
arguing that a claim is true by repeating the claim in differ…
logos
a term that refers to logical reasoning - one of the 3 main e…
bandwagon
coming to a decision just because you do not want to be left…
16 terms
AP Language Review: Logical Fallacies
logical fallacy
hasty generalization
appeal to authority
post hoc (ergo propter hoc)
error or reasoning in logic
-conclusion reached prematurely without sufficient evidence;…
-arguer attempts to justify his claim by citing testimony or…
arguer suggests that because an event follows another event,…
logical fallacy
error or reasoning in logic
hasty generalization
-conclusion reached prematurely without sufficient evidence;…
15 terms
AP English Language: Logical Fallacies
Equivocation
Hasty Generalization
Red Herrings
Non-sequitor
When one idea noun is unequally used twice. (Love, joy, patie…
Making a faulty assumption based on a few incidents
It takes another idea similar to the argument and leads you a…
Does not follow a logical sequence
Equivocation
When one idea noun is unequally used twice. (Love, joy, patie…
Hasty Generalization
Making a faulty assumption based on a few incidents
17 terms
Logical Fallacies: AP Language & Composition
scare tactics
either-or choices
slippery slope
overly sentimental appeals
Try to frighten people into agreeing with the arguer by threa…
Reduce complicated issues to only two possible courses of act…
Predicting without justification that one step in a process w…
Attempts to appeal to the hearts of readers so that they forg…
scare tactics
Try to frighten people into agreeing with the arguer by threa…
either-or choices
Reduce complicated issues to only two possible courses of act…
11 terms
Logical Fallacies (AP Language & Composition)
Ad Hominem
Ad Populum (Bandwagon Appeal)
Appeal to False Authority
Begging the Question
A fallacy that refers to the specific diversionary tactic of…
A fallacy that occurs when evidence boils down to "Everybody'…
This fallacy occurs when someone with no expertise on a given…
A fallacy in which a claim is based on evidence or support th…
Ad Hominem
A fallacy that refers to the specific diversionary tactic of…
Ad Populum (Bandwagon Appeal)
A fallacy that occurs when evidence boils down to "Everybody'…
17 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English Language
Ad Hominem
Argument from Authority
Appeal to Ignorance
Begging the question
"to the man," an argument that criticizes an idea by blaming…
tends to agree with assumptions because someone in a position…
Based on the assumption that if it has not been proved, it is…
parts of what one said could be true, a way of avoiding the q…
Ad Hominem
"to the man," an argument that criticizes an idea by blaming…
Argument from Authority
tends to agree with assumptions because someone in a position…
15 terms
Logical Fallacies AP Language Examples
Ad Hominem
Ad Populum (Bandwagon)
Appeal to False Authority
Begging the Question
A park in your community should not be renovated because the…
You should vote to elect Jack Bauer - he has a strong lead in…
Sofia Vergara endorses Pepsi, therefore it is the best brand…
Paranormal activity is real because I have experienced what c…
Ad Hominem
A park in your community should not be renovated because the…
Ad Populum (Bandwagon)
You should vote to elect Jack Bauer - he has a strong lead in…
13 terms
AP Language and Composition Logical Fallacies
Scare Tactic
Either-Or Choices
Slippery Slope
Sentimental Appeal
Arguments use legitimate fear to incite panic or prejudice.
Arguments that reduce the options to only two choices.
Arguments that exaggerate the likely consequences of an actio…
Arguments that use excessive emotional appeal to distract fro…
Scare Tactic
Arguments use legitimate fear to incite panic or prejudice.
Either-Or Choices
Arguments that reduce the options to only two choices.
28 terms
AP Language and Composition Logical Fallacies
strawman
false cause,... post hoc ergo propter hoc…
appeal to emotion
the fallacy fallacy
Misrepresenting someone's argument to make it easier to attac…
You presumed that a real or perceived relationship between th…
You attempted to manipulate an emotional response in place of…
You presumed that because a claim has been poorly argued, or…
strawman
Misrepresenting someone's argument to make it easier to attac…
false cause,... post hoc ergo propter hoc…
You presumed that a real or perceived relationship between th…
20 terms
Logical Fallacies AP Language Vocabulary
Backing
Bandwagon Appeal
Circular Reasoning
Claim
in a Toulmin model, consists of further assurances or data wi…
a fallacy of argument in which a course of action is recommen…
a fallacy in which the writer repeats the claim as a way to p…
also called an assertion or a proposition, states the argumen…
Backing
in a Toulmin model, consists of further assurances or data wi…
Bandwagon Appeal
a fallacy of argument in which a course of action is recommen…
27 terms
AP Language Terms (Logical Fallacies)
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Authority
Bandwagon
False Analogy
Attacks the person who made an assertion
An argument is considered true based on who is making the arg…
If many people believe it, it must be true
If two things are alike in some things, they are alike in all…
Ad Hominem
Attacks the person who made an assertion
Appeal to Authority
An argument is considered true based on who is making the arg…
32 terms
ap language terms/logical fallacies
hortative sentence
imperative sentence
periodic sentence
cumulative sentence
a sentence urging some course of conduct or action; exhorting…
a sentence that gives instructions or that expresses a reques…
a sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause…
a type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause…
hortative sentence
a sentence urging some course of conduct or action; exhorting…
imperative sentence
a sentence that gives instructions or that expresses a reques…
14 terms
AP Language & Comp. Logical Fallacies
Strawman
Slippery Slope
Black-or-White
The Fallacy Fallacy
You misrepresented someone's argument to make it easier to at…
You said that if we allow A to happen, then Z will eventually…
You presented two alternatives states as the only possibiliti…
You presumed that because a claim as been poorly argued, or a…
Strawman
You misrepresented someone's argument to make it easier to at…
Slippery Slope
You said that if we allow A to happen, then Z will eventually…
15 terms
AP English Language: Logical Fallacies
Begging the Question
Non Sequitur
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Faulty Analogies
Also known as circular logic, this logical fallacy occurs whe…
In this logical fallacy, the conclusion doesn't logically fol…
Also known as a false cause, this logical fallacy assumes tha…
This logical fallacy compares ideas that seem to be related b…
Begging the Question
Also known as circular logic, this logical fallacy occurs whe…
Non Sequitur
In this logical fallacy, the conclusion doesn't logically fol…
15 terms
AP English Language: Logical Fallacies
Equivocation
Hasty Generalization
Red Herrings
Non-sequitor
When one idea noun is unequally used twice. (Love, joy, patie…
Making a faulty assumption based on a few incidents
It takes another idea similar to the argument and leads you a…
Does not follow a logical sequence
Equivocation
When one idea noun is unequally used twice. (Love, joy, patie…
Hasty Generalization
Making a faulty assumption based on a few incidents
AP Language Vocab and Logical Fallacies
Annotation
Antithesis
Argumentation
Connotation
Explanatory notes added to a text to explain, cite sources, o…
The presentation of two contrasting images. ... Balanced by word…
Writing that attempts to prove the validity of a point of vie…
Implied or suggested meaning of a word because of its associa…
Annotation
Explanatory notes added to a text to explain, cite sources, o…
Antithesis
The presentation of two contrasting images. ... Balanced by word…
AP Language Rhetorical & Logical Fallacies
Alliteration
Antistrophe
Paradox
Polysyndeton
Constant sounds of consonants.
Repetition phrase repeated, end of line phrases.
Statement that contains the truth. Ex(death can't kill me)
Many conjunctions without commas.
Alliteration
Constant sounds of consonants.
Antistrophe
Repetition phrase repeated, end of line phrases.
11 terms
AP Language Logical fallacies + appeals
Generalization
Begging the question
Ad hominem
Either-or Reasoning
Not looking at all the facts before drawing a conclusion
a fallacy of argument where the conclusion is assumed in one…
a fallacy of argument in which a writer's claim is answered b…
a fallacy in which a complicated issue is misrepresented as o…
Generalization
Not looking at all the facts before drawing a conclusion
Begging the question
a fallacy of argument where the conclusion is assumed in one…
26 terms
Logical Fallacies AP English Language
Ad Hominem
Argument from Authority
Appeal to Ignorance
Begging the question
"to the man," an argument that criticizes an idea by blaming…
tends to agree with assumptions because someone in a position…
Based on the assumption that if it has not been proved, it is…
parts of what one said could be true, a way of avoiding the q…
Ad Hominem
"to the man," an argument that criticizes an idea by blaming…
Argument from Authority
tends to agree with assumptions because someone in a position…
13 terms
Logical Fallacies: AP Language and Composition
Fallacies of Relevance
Red Herring
Ad Hominem
Faulty Analogy
Fallacies in which the evidence or example given is irrelevan…
A fallacy in which the topic of discussion is deliberately re…
Arguments based on personal attacks on the opponent which are…
An analogy in which the two objects or situations being compa…
Fallacies of Relevance
Fallacies in which the evidence or example given is irrelevan…
Red Herring
A fallacy in which the topic of discussion is deliberately re…
16 terms
Logical Fallacy AP Language and Composition
Ad hominem
Ad Populum (Bandwagon)
Appeal to False Authority
Begging the question
Switching the arguement from the issue at hand to the charact…
"Everybody's doing it, so it must be a good thing"
When someone has no expertise to speak on an issue is cited a…
Based on evidence or support that is in doubt.
Ad hominem
Switching the arguement from the issue at hand to the charact…
Ad Populum (Bandwagon)
"Everybody's doing it, so it must be a good thing"
32 terms
AP Language & Composition (Logical Fallacies and Argument Terms)
ad hominem
ad populum (bandwagon appeal)
appeal to false authority
argument
Latin for "to the man," this fallacy refers to the specific d…
This fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody's…
This fallacy occurs when someone who has no expertise to spea…
a process of reasoned injury; a persuasive discourse resultin…
ad hominem
Latin for "to the man," this fallacy refers to the specific d…
ad populum (bandwagon appeal)
This fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to "everybody's…
11 terms
AP Language and Comp. LOGICAL FALLACY
Red Herring
Ignoratio elenchi(ignorance of the ref…
Complex Question
Non sequitur(does not follow)
Ignoring issue by changing subject
"Doesnt everybody cheat a little?"
Self incriminating question
Girl is baby, babies eat cheerios, baby drinks a bottle
Red Herring
Ignoring issue by changing subject
Ignoratio elenchi(ignorance of the ref…
"Doesnt everybody cheat a little?"
11 terms
Propaganda logically fallacies AP Language
Propaganda
Manipulative propaganda
Appeal to fear
Appeal to pity
Strategy for spreading our beliefs to others
Plays with emotions to make others agree with our opinion
When someone makes you fear consequences of not doing what th…
Someone tries to make us do something only bc we pity them or…
Propaganda
Strategy for spreading our beliefs to others
Manipulative propaganda
Plays with emotions to make others agree with our opinion
15 terms
AP Language & Composition: Common Logical Fallacies Examples
All of those movie stars are really ru…
Pit Bulls are actually gentle, sweet d…
What's the big deal about the early pi…
Banning "head" shops from selling drug…
Hasty generalization
Hasty generalization
Faulty analogy
Faulty analogy
All of those movie stars are really ru…
Hasty generalization
Pit Bulls are actually gentle, sweet d…
Hasty generalization
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