#### Study sets matching "ap physics"

#### Study sets matching "ap physics"

Vector

Scalar

Displacement

Two-Dimensional Vectors

A quantity that involves both magnitude and direction.

A quantity that does not involve direction.

A net distance traveled including direction; An objects chang…

Vectors that lie flat in a plane and can be written as the su…

Vector

A quantity that involves both magnitude and direction.

Scalar

A quantity that does not involve direction.

Position

Path Length

Displacement

Speed

Where an object is, in terms of a well-chosen origin.

How far an object actually moves

An object's change in position

How fast... Always positive

Position

Where an object is, in terms of a well-chosen origin.

Path Length

How far an object actually moves

First kinematics equation ... (constant a…

Second kinematics equation ... (constant…

Third kinematics equation ... (constant a…

Fourth Kinematics Equation... (constant…

*speed up or slow down... *acceleration is how quickly velocity…

*speed up or slow down... *most often used for projectile motion

*speed up or slow down... m/s... m... m/s/s

*speed up or slow down... meters... m/s... seconds

First kinematics equation ... (constant a…

*speed up or slow down... *acceleration is how quickly velocity…

Second kinematics equation ... (constant…

*speed up or slow down... *most often used for projectile motion

Dot Product

Cross Product

average velocity

First kinematics equation (constant ac…

multiply parallel vectors then add for SCALAR answer=56 Joules

use matrix to multiple perpendicular vectors to get a vector…

average velocity is the slope of the secant line

This is also average acceleration (slope of the second line o…

Dot Product

multiply parallel vectors then add for SCALAR answer=56 Joules

Cross Product

use matrix to multiple perpendicular vectors to get a vector…

Significant Figures

Directly Proportional

Inversely Proportional

Base Units of SI

Significant figures allow us to communicate quantitative info…

A relationship in which quantities change by the same factor

A relationship in which one factor is affected inversely comp…

Meter (m) Length... Kilogram (kg) Mass... Second (s) Time... Ampere (A…

Significant Figures

Significant figures allow us to communicate quantitative info…

Directly Proportional

A relationship in which quantities change by the same factor

Force

Applied

Normal Force

Static Friction

A push or pull on an object

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

the force perpendicular to a surface that prevents an object…

Friction that acts on objects that are not moving

Force

A push or pull on an object

Applied

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

Displacement

Displacement Formula; SI Unit= Meters

Distance

Vector

A change in position; not always equal to the distance traveled

Final Position-Initial Position

The magnitude or size of displacement between two positions

Any quantity with magnitude and direction

Displacement

A change in position; not always equal to the distance traveled

Displacement Formula; SI Unit= Meters

Final Position-Initial Position

Under what condition is average veloci…

If the velocity of an object is zero a…

A vector has, by definition, both ____…

scalar quantity

The acceleration is constant.

false

magnitude

speed, distance

Under what condition is average veloci…

The acceleration is constant.

If the velocity of an object is zero a…

false

solid

liquid

gas

fluids

maintains fixed shape and size; does not change in shape or v…

does not maintain fixed shape; takes shape of container; not…

has neither fixed shape or volume; expands to fill container;…

gases and liquids (do not maintain fixed shape and have the a…

solid

maintains fixed shape and size; does not change in shape or v…

liquid

does not maintain fixed shape; takes shape of container; not…

Momentum

Impulse

Elastic collision

Inelastic collision

Mass times velocity

The amount of force acting on an object times the time interv…

When the kinetic energy of two colliding object's is conserved

Two colliding objects stick together to become one; kinetic e…

Momentum

Mass times velocity

Impulse

The amount of force acting on an object times the time interv…

Net Force

Tension

Weight

Frictional Force

net force is the remaining force that produces any accelerati…

the pulling force transmitted axially by means of a string, c…

the force of gravity on the object and may be defined as the…

a force that is created whenever two surfaces move or try to…

Net Force

net force is the remaining force that produces any accelerati…

Tension

the pulling force transmitted axially by means of a string, c…

Definition of Average Velocity

Definition of Acceleration

Velocity of an Object as a Function of…

Displacement of an Object as a Functio…

∆x = Change in Distance... t = Elapsed Time

∆v = Change in Velocity... t = Time

v₀ = Initial Velocity... a = Acceleration... t = Time

v₀ = Initial Velocity... t = Time... a = Acceleration

Definition of Average Velocity

∆x = Change in Distance... t = Elapsed Time

Definition of Acceleration

∆v = Change in Velocity... t = Time

Average Speed is

An object Accelerates if

Subtracting a vector is the same as

The direction of the average accelerat…

Total Distance / Total Time (Disp,Vel, Acc Q1)

it changes velocity and/or direction (Disp,Vel, Acc Q2)

adding its opposite (Vectors in 2 Dimensions Q4)

the direction of the change(difference vf - vi) of the veloci…

Average Speed is

Total Distance / Total Time (Disp,Vel, Acc Q1)

An object Accelerates if

it changes velocity and/or direction (Disp,Vel, Acc Q2)

45 kg

change in velocity

Fg sin (theta)

fg cos (theta)

What is the mass of a block with a weight of 450 N?

What is the definition of acceleration?

Which component of Fg is always parallel to the ramp?

Which component of Fg is always perpendicular to the ramp?

45 kg

What is the mass of a block with a weight of 450 N?

change in velocity

What is the definition of acceleration?

Definition of Average Velocity

Definition of Acceleration

Velocity of an Object as a Function of…

Displacement of an Object as a Functio…

∆x = Change in Distance... t = Elapsed Time

∆v = Change in Velocity... t = Time

v₀ = Initial Velocity... a = Acceleration... t = Time

v₀ = Initial Velocity... t = Time... a = Acceleration

Definition of Average Velocity

∆x = Change in Distance... t = Elapsed Time

Definition of Acceleration

∆v = Change in Velocity... t = Time

Momentum

Impulse

Elastic collision

Inelastic collision

Mass times velocity

The amount of force acting on an object times the time interv…

When the kinetic energy of two colliding object's is conserved

Two colliding objects stick together to become one; kinetic e…

Momentum

Mass times velocity

Impulse

The amount of force acting on an object times the time interv…

First kinematics equation ... (constant a…

Second kinematics equation ... (constant…

Third kinematics equation ... (constant a…

Fourth Kinematics Equation... (constant…

*speed up or slow down... *acceleration is how quickly velocity…

*speed up or slow down... *most often used for projectile motion

*speed up or slow down... m/s... m... m/s/s

*speed up or slow down... meters... m/s... seconds

First kinematics equation ... (constant a…

*speed up or slow down... *acceleration is how quickly velocity…

Second kinematics equation ... (constant…

*speed up or slow down... *most often used for projectile motion

Applied Force (F-app)

Tension Force (Ft)

Normal Force (F-norm)

Air Resistance Force (F-air)

A force that is applied to an object by a person or another o…

The force that is transmitted through a STRING, ROPE, CABLE o…

The support force exerted upon an object that is in contact w…

A special type of frictional force that acts upon objects as…

Applied Force (F-app)

A force that is applied to an object by a person or another o…

Tension Force (Ft)

The force that is transmitted through a STRING, ROPE, CABLE o…

Inertia

Newton

Reaction

Law of Inertia

The property of a body by which it remains at rest or continu…

A SI ( International System ) unit of force equivalent to the…

An equal but opposite force exerted by a body when a force ac…

An object will keep doing whatever it is doing, whether it's…

Inertia

The property of a body by which it remains at rest or continu…

Newton

A SI ( International System ) unit of force equivalent to the…

inertial mass

space

time

2.2

a measure of how well an object can resist a change to its mo…

represents the position or volume which an object physically…

represents what a clock would read

1 kg=__ lbs

inertial mass

a measure of how well an object can resist a change to its mo…

space

represents the position or volume which an object physically…

First kinematics equation ... (constant a…

Second kinematics equation ... (constant…

Third kinematics equation ... (constant a…

Fourth Kinematics Equation... (constant…

*speed up or slow down... *acceleration is how quickly velocity…

*speed up or slow down... *most often used for projectile motion

*speed up or slow down... m/s... m... m/s/s

*speed up or slow down... meters... m/s... seconds

First kinematics equation ... (constant a…

*speed up or slow down... *acceleration is how quickly velocity…

Second kinematics equation ... (constant…

*speed up or slow down... *most often used for projectile motion

Newton's first law

Newton's second law

Newton's third law

Force

An object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion w…

a=net force/m, net force=ma

every force occurs as one member of an action/reaction pair o…

a push or pull, acts on an object, requires an agent-somethin…

Newton's first law

An object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion w…

Newton's second law

a=net force/m, net force=ma

Hypothesis

Theory

Prediction

The foot

From an analysis of these observations and experimental data,…

Finally, success: the experimental results confirm that the h…

Is the prediction correct? To answer that question, the predi…

historically the foot was used as a standard of length and it…

Hypothesis

From an analysis of these observations and experimental data,…

Theory

Finally, success: the experimental results confirm that the h…

Translational Motion

Rotational Motion

Angular Displacement

Angular Velocity

Type of motion where an object starts at one point and moves…

Type of motion where an object "spins in place".

A measure of the amount of radians that an object rotates thr…

A speed of rotation measured in radians/second.

Translational Motion

Type of motion where an object starts at one point and moves…

Rotational Motion

Type of motion where an object "spins in place".

Physics

Scientific method

Fundamental quantities

SI

The study of the entire natural or physical world

Logical process of reasoning to arrive at a model of nature t…

The most basic quantities that can be used to describe the ph…

The internationally adopted system of units used by all scien…

Physics

The study of the entire natural or physical world

Scientific method

Logical process of reasoning to arrive at a model of nature t…

Current

Resistance

Resistivity

Voltage

flow of positive charge per second. units are amperes (coulom…

how difficult it is for charge to flow through a circuit elem…

implies what resistance would be of a particular amount of a…

electrical potential energy per unit charge

Current

flow of positive charge per second. units are amperes (coulom…

Resistance

how difficult it is for charge to flow through a circuit elem…

projectiles

projectile motion

independent

velocity

objects that are thrown or launched into the air and are subj…

the path of a projectile is the combination of horizontal and…

horizontal and vertical components are ______ of each other

acceleration is independent of the direction of _______

projectiles

objects that are thrown or launched into the air and are subj…

projectile motion

the path of a projectile is the combination of horizontal and…

quadratic equation

kinematic equation #1

kinematic equation #2

kinematic equation #3

v = v0 + at (often just v = at)

x = x0 + v0t + 1/2 a t^2 (often just x = 1/2

**a**t^2)v^2 = v0^2 + 2a

**(x - x0) (often just v^2 = 2**a*d)quadratic equation

kinematic equation #1

v = v0 + at (often just v = at)

Dynamics

Force

Newton's First Law of Motion

Inertia

The connection between force and motion. Why objects move the…

Any kind of push/pull on an object. Vector.

"Every object continues in its state of rest, or of uniform i…

Tendency of an object to maintain its state of rest or unifor…

Dynamics

The connection between force and motion. Why objects move the…

Force

Any kind of push/pull on an object. Vector.

observation

testing

model

theory

The design and carrying out of experiments.

Something science requires of its ideas or theories to see if…

Is a kind of analogy or mental image of the phenomena in term…

Broader, more detailed, and can give quantitatively testable…

observation

The design and carrying out of experiments.

testing

Something science requires of its ideas or theories to see if…

First kinematics equation ... (constant a…

Second kinematics equation ... (constant…

Third kinematics equation ... (constant a…

Fourth Kinematics Equation... (constant…

*speed up or slow down... *acceleration is how quickly velocity…

*speed up or slow down... *most often used for projectile motion

*speed up or slow down... m/s... m... m/s/s

*speed up or slow down... meters... m/s... seconds

First kinematics equation ... (constant a…

*speed up or slow down... *acceleration is how quickly velocity…

Second kinematics equation ... (constant…

*speed up or slow down... *most often used for projectile motion

Radian

Angular Velocity

Angular Acceleration

Period

Angle subtended by an arc whose length is equal to the radius.

Rate at which an angle changes with respect to time.

Rate of change of angular velocity with respect to time.

Time required for one rotation.

Radian

Angle subtended by an arc whose length is equal to the radius.

Angular Velocity

Rate at which an angle changes with respect to time.

Av... V/t

weight of displaced fluid

P+ρgh+½ρv² = constant

height of liquid

Write two equations for flow rate of a liquid.

Buoyant force is dependent on:

Write Bernoulli's Equation.

The hydrostatic pressure at some point below the surface of a…

Av... V/t

Write two equations for flow rate of a liquid.

weight of displaced fluid

Buoyant force is dependent on:

Vector

Scalars

Micheal jumps 20 blocks north then rol…

If Kyle has a Vx= 3.87 for some reason…

a quantity that has both magnitude and direction

quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numeri…

(-5, 5)

5

Vector

a quantity that has both magnitude and direction

Scalars

quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numeri…

simple harmonic motion (SHM)

simple harmonic oscillator (SHO)

the displacement is not too great

sum of the kinetic and potential energ…

any vibrating system for which the restoring force is directl…

a vibrating system for which the restoring force is directly…

most solid materials stretch or compress according to F = kx…

The total mechanical energy E of a mass-spring system is the.…

simple harmonic motion (SHM)

any vibrating system for which the restoring force is directl…

simple harmonic oscillator (SHO)

a vibrating system for which the restoring force is directly…

Hypothesis

Model

Theory

Mass

a positive, disprovable statement tested by an experiment

a collection of equations that represent a system

a widely accepted, un-disproven hypothesis; also the body of…

the amount of matter in an object

Hypothesis

a positive, disprovable statement tested by an experiment

Model

a collection of equations that represent a system

Distance

Displacement

Distance Vs. Displacement: When are di…

Distance Vs. Displacement: When are di…

Distance is a SCALAR QUANTITY that refers to "how much ground…

Displacement is a VECTOR QUANTITY that refers to "how far out…

If and only if the path is a straight line

Almost always. When it is not a straight line. The distance t…

Distance

Distance is a SCALAR QUANTITY that refers to "how much ground…

Displacement

Displacement is a VECTOR QUANTITY that refers to "how far out…

Displacement

Displacement Formula; SI Unit= Meters

Distance

Vector

A change in position; not always equal to the distance traveled

Final Position-Initial Position

The magnitude or size of displacement between two positions

Any quantity with magnitude and direction

Displacement

A change in position; not always equal to the distance traveled

Displacement Formula; SI Unit= Meters

Final Position-Initial Position