#### Study sets matching "ap physics"

#### Study sets matching "ap physics"

Position

Distance

Displacement

Speed

Where an object is, in terms of a well-chosen origin.

How far an object actually moves

An object's change in position

How fast... Always positive

Position

Where an object is, in terms of a well-chosen origin.

Distance

How far an object actually moves

Uniform circular motion

Centripetal

Centripetal acceleration

Radial acceleration

Motion in which an object moves in a circle at a constant spe…

Towards the center

Acceleration in which acceleration is pointing toward the cen…

Another word for centripetal acceleration.

Uniform circular motion

Motion in which an object moves in a circle at a constant spe…

Centripetal

Towards the center

Inverse tangent

Constant velocity

Trajectory

Relative motion

The inverse tangent of y over x gives the acute angle to the…

d = vt ... * Horizontal component of projectile motion

Path of a projectile

* General formula

Inverse tangent

The inverse tangent of y over x gives the acute angle to the…

Constant velocity

d = vt ... * Horizontal component of projectile motion

Definition of Average Velocity

Definition of Acceleration

Velocity of an Object as a Function of…

Displacement of an Object as a Functio…

∆x = Change in Distance... t = Elapsed Time

∆v = Change in Velocity... t = Time

v₀ = Initial Velocity... a = Acceleration... t = Time

v₀ = Initial Velocity... t = Time... a = Acceleration

Definition of Average Velocity

∆x = Change in Distance... t = Elapsed Time

Definition of Acceleration

∆v = Change in Velocity... t = Time

Kinematics

Frame of Reference

Displacement

Vector

branch of mechanics dealing with motion, how things move, how…

a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…

Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…

A quantity that has magnitude and direction

Kinematics

branch of mechanics dealing with motion, how things move, how…

Frame of Reference

a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…

Newton's 3rd Law

Newton's 2nd Law

Steps for Newton's 2nd Law problems (d…

Kg to g?

All forces come in pairs

Net force=Mass*Acceleration

1. Draw an accurate FBD... 2. Break vectors at angles into compo…

multiply by 1000

Newton's 3rd Law

All forces come in pairs

Newton's 2nd Law

Net force=Mass*Acceleration

Position

Distance

Displacement

Speed

Where an object is, in terms of a well-chosen origin.

How far an object actually moves

An object's change in position

How fast... Always positive

Position

Where an object is, in terms of a well-chosen origin.

Distance

How far an object actually moves

Force

Net Force

Weight

Force of Friction

Anything that causes an object to move; push or pull

The total amount of force acting on an object.

How much an object weighs; describes how gravity pulls on a g…

A retarding (slowing) force that acts on an object opposite t…

Force

Anything that causes an object to move; push or pull

Net Force

The total amount of force acting on an object.

Thermodynamics

Zeroth law of thermodynamics

Temperature

Heat

Flow of energy in the universe, as the flow relates to work,…

Objects are in thermal equilibrium when they are at the same…

A physical property of matter that relates the average kineti…

The transfer of thermal energy from a hotter object(higher te…

Thermodynamics

Flow of energy in the universe, as the flow relates to work,…

Zeroth law of thermodynamics

Objects are in thermal equilibrium when they are at the same…

What is a projectile?

How do projectiles travel?

How do projectiles travel horizontally…

How do projectiles travel vertically?…

Anything that is hit, kicked, thrown, etc, into the air witho…

Horizontally and vertically at the same time.

Reason: inertia... acceleration: zero... type of motion: constant v…

Reason: gravity... acceleration: 9.8 m/s2 down... type of motion: U…

What is a projectile?

Anything that is hit, kicked, thrown, etc, into the air witho…

How do projectiles travel?

Horizontally and vertically at the same time.

∨= at + ∨₀

x=x₀+v₀t+¹/₂at²

v²=v₀²+2a∆x

m/s/s

can be used to find acceleration or velocity

can be used to find distance or acceleration

final velocity squared equals initial velocity squared plus t…

acceleration

∨= at + ∨₀

can be used to find acceleration or velocity

x=x₀+v₀t+¹/₂at²

can be used to find distance or acceleration

Equilibrium

Force

Forces = Netforce

Solving Equilibrium Equations

When it's at constant speed or in rest and the netforce is ze…

Push and or pull on a object and measure in spring scale and…

Forces acting in the same direction add to equal netforce and…

1. Draw free body diagram and if there are any angles break t…

Equilibrium

When it's at constant speed or in rest and the netforce is ze…

Force

Push and or pull on a object and measure in spring scale and…

Pulse

Periodic wave

traveling wave

standing wave

A single disturbance in a medium, which causes a single wave.

a repeating disturbance causing a wave at regular intervals.

a wave that obviously moves along the length of the medium.

a wave that appears to stay in place, possessing nodes of non…

Pulse

A single disturbance in a medium, which causes a single wave.

Periodic wave

a repeating disturbance causing a wave at regular intervals.

scalar

vector

resultant vector

graphically

a physical quantity that has magnitude but no direction ex. s…

a physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction ex.…

represents the sum of two or more vectors; vector addition; u…

Vectors can be added ___________.

scalar

a physical quantity that has magnitude but no direction ex. s…

vector

a physical quantity that has both magnitude and direction ex.…

Force

net force

Friction

Gravity

A push, pull, or twist.

The combination of all forces acting on an object

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…

A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…

Force

A push, pull, or twist.

net force

The combination of all forces acting on an object

Physics

Sig figs

Inverse relationship

Scientific theory

The study of matter and energy

Valid digits in a measurement

Relationship between two variables in which an increase in on…

Explanation supported by experimental results

Physics

The study of matter and energy

Sig figs

Valid digits in a measurement

vav = Δx / t

a = Vav / t

Vf = Vi + a * t

Δx = Vi

**t + .5*** a * t^2Average Velocity Equation

Average Acceleration Equation

Final Velocity Equation (given time and acceleration)

Find Displacement Equation (given time, acceleration, and ini…

vav = Δx / t

Average Velocity Equation

a = Vav / t

Average Acceleration Equation

Physics

What was physics called before the lat…

What is physics subdivided into?

What does classical physics include?

the branch of science traditionally defined as the study of m…

natural philosophy

classical physics and modern physics

optics, mechanics, sound, heat, electricity, and magnetism

Physics

the branch of science traditionally defined as the study of m…

What was physics called before the lat…

natural philosophy

amount of energy transferred in a system

positive

0 degrees

90 degrees

a description of work is?

an object is accelerating due to the force of gravity, the wo…

if a rope pulls a crate which angle would result in the most…

if a rope pulls a crate to the right which angle would result…

amount of energy transferred in a system

a description of work is?

positive

an object is accelerating due to the force of gravity, the wo…

Freely falling objects (w/o friction)…

An object thrown upward reaches its ma…

the slope of the _____ vs.______ curve…

the slope of the velocity vs. time cur…

fall at the same rate, F=mg (g=10)

its velocity reaches zero

position, time

acceleration

Freely falling objects (w/o friction)…

fall at the same rate, F=mg (g=10)

An object thrown upward reaches its ma…

its velocity reaches zero

Galileo's use of inclined planes allow…

The two measurements necessary for cal…

The average speed of a horse that gall…

What is the acceleration of a car that…

Slow down the acceleration of free fall

Distance and Time

20 Km/h

0

Galileo's use of inclined planes allow…

Slow down the acceleration of free fall

The two measurements necessary for cal…

Distance and Time

Frame of Reference

Distance

Displacement

Speed

point from which ALL measurements are made.... EX: Grid System

symbol= x or y... units= m... Total length traveled. A "scalar" =…

symbol= x or y... units= m... Straight line length measured from s…

symbol= v... units= m/s... speed= distance / time... a scalar always…

Frame of Reference

point from which ALL measurements are made.... EX: Grid System

Distance

symbol= x or y... units= m... Total length traveled. A "scalar" =…

Projectiles

Motion of projectiles analyzed in 3 ty…

Galileo

Each component (horizontal and vertica…

Objects that are shot or thrown through the air

Dropped... Thrown straight up... Thrown at angle

1st to analyze the horizontal and vertical components of a pr…

Independently of the other

Projectiles

Objects that are shot or thrown through the air

Motion of projectiles analyzed in 3 ty…

Dropped... Thrown straight up... Thrown at angle

average speed

one dimensional motion is

motion takes

frame of reference

distance traveled over time elapsed... s=d/t

the simplest form of motion

place over time and depends upon the frame of reference

a coordinate system for specifying the precise location of ob…

average speed

distance traveled over time elapsed... s=d/t

one dimensional motion is

the simplest form of motion

Simple Harmonic Motion

Wavelength

Frequency(pitch relationship)

Hertz

motion that is repeated because displacement and restoring fo…

distance between two successive points on a wave, λ

...

unit for frequency=1/s; Hz

Simple Harmonic Motion

motion that is repeated because displacement and restoring fo…

Wavelength

distance between two successive points on a wave, λ

Suppose that an object travels from on…

When is the average velocity of an obj…

If the velocity of an object is zero a…

If the velocity of an object is zero,…

The displacement is either less than or equal to the distance…

When Velocity is constant

False, gravity exists at all times

False, gravity exists

Suppose that an object travels from on…

The displacement is either less than or equal to the distance…

When is the average velocity of an obj…

When Velocity is constant

Heat

Thermal (Energy)

Temperature

Fahrenheit (°F)

___ is thermal energy that's transmitted from one body to ano…

___ is the energy an object possesses due to the random motio…

___ is the measure of an object's thermal energy, which is th…

in the United States, temperature is commonly expressed in de…

Heat

___ is thermal energy that's transmitted from one body to ano…

Thermal (Energy)

___ is the energy an object possesses due to the random motio…

0.2 m/s*s

2.0 m/s

-1 m/s*s between 6 and 8 seconds

increases from 1 m/s to 4 m/s

The graph in figure 4-3 shows an acceleration of

the initial speed (Vo) shown in figure 4-3 is

the acceleration of the object in figure 4-2 is

between two and three seconds, the speed of the object shown…

0.2 m/s*s

The graph in figure 4-3 shows an acceleration of

2.0 m/s

the initial speed (Vo) shown in figure 4-3 is

What is the kinematics equation that d…

What are the units for the following:…

What is the kinematics equation that d…

How do you find the acceleration from…

Vf^2=Vo^2+2ax

Speed and velocity: m/s... Acceleration: m/s^2... Time: seconds ... Di…

X=Vot+1/2at^2

Slope 9.8 m/s^2 or 10m/s^2 the acceleration of a freefalling…

What is the kinematics equation that d…

Vf^2=Vo^2+2ax

What are the units for the following:…

Speed and velocity: m/s... Acceleration: m/s^2... Time: seconds ... Di…

Pulse

Periodic wave

traveling wave

standing wave

A single disturbance in a medium, which causes a single wave.

a repeating disturbance causing a wave at regular intervals.

a wave that obviously moves along the length of the medium.

a wave that appears to stay in place, possessing nodes of non…

Pulse

A single disturbance in a medium, which causes a single wave.

Periodic wave

a repeating disturbance causing a wave at regular intervals.

Vector

Scalar

Projectile Motion

Uniform Accelerated Motion

Problem in which you are given magnitude, size, and direction.

Problem in which you are given only the magnitude and size.

A special case of Uniformly accelerated motion

Equations that can be employed to solve certain variables whe…

Vector

Problem in which you are given magnitude, size, and direction.

Scalar

Problem in which you are given only the magnitude and size.

normal force

average speed

applied force

speed

a force that opposes gravity

The total distance an object travels divided by the total tim…

a force applied to an object

distance traveled per unit of time

normal force

a force that opposes gravity

average speed

The total distance an object travels divided by the total tim…