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Study sets matching "ap psych"

23 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP psych chapter 12
Motivation
Instinct
Drive-reduction theory
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
22 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Unit 3C
behavior genetics
environment
chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
every non-genetic influence from prenatal nutrition to the pe…
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain gene…
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
behavior genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
environment
every non-genetic influence from prenatal nutrition to the pe…
50 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Chapter 7
Cognition
Thinking
Mental Image
Concepts
Mental activities involved in acquiring and retaining and usi…
Manipulation of mental representation to draw inferences and…
Representation of objects or events that are not present
Categories of ideas or objects that share similar properties
Cognition
Mental activities involved in acquiring and retaining and usi…
Thinking
Manipulation of mental representation to draw inferences and…
9 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP psychology final
You have ____ minutes to complete the…
How many multiple choice questions are…
There are 2 FRQ on the exam
The multiple section grade is calculat…
70
100
2
True
You have ____ minutes to complete the…
70
How many multiple choice questions are…
100
36 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Myers Psychology for AP 2e - Module 26, Myers Psychology for AP 2e - Module 27
learning
habituation
associative learning
stimulus
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response. (Myers Psychol…
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
11 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Module 14
Behavior Genetics
Environment
Chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
Every external influence, from prenatal nutrition to the peop…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Behavior Genetics
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
Environment
Every external influence, from prenatal nutrition to the peop…
45 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Unit 6
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
an organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated…
5 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Module 13
Corpus Callosum
Split Brain
Consciousness
Cognitive Neuroscience
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
A condition resulting from surgery that isolates the brain's…
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
Corpus Callosum
The large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemi…
Split Brain
A condition resulting from surgery that isolates the brain's…
20 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP psych
neurotransmitters
Synapse
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
...
connects the two neuron
is a very widely distributed excitatory neurotransmitter that…
is a neurotransmitter involved in controlling movement and po…
neurotransmitters
...
Synapse
connects the two neuron
22 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP psych test 6- abnormal and treatment
Abnormal psychology
"Insanity"
Demonology
Hippocrates
both biological and psychological not supernatural (satanic)…
NOT a psych term- legal term- different meanings in different…
Gods and magic- abnormal behavior --> possession --> treatmen…
(460-377BC) tried to figure out WHY diseases happened- they a…
Abnormal psychology
both biological and psychological not supernatural (satanic)…
"Insanity"
NOT a psych term- legal term- different meanings in different…
60 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psych damn Semester Test we weren't supposed to have.
Axon
Behaviorism
Biological Psychology
Clinical Psychology
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biologi…
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats peo…
Axon
A long, thin fiber that transmits signals away from the neuro…
Behaviorism
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
6 termscreated on December 7, 2016
P- Module 39
Sexual Response Cycle
William Masters and Virginia Johnson
Refractory Period
Sexual dysfunction
The four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and…
The couple that did the 1960's experiment on the sexual respo…
A resting period after roams, during which a man cannot achie…
A problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functio…
Sexual Response Cycle
The four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and…
William Masters and Virginia Johnson
The couple that did the 1960's experiment on the sexual respo…
25 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP lit terms 1
Diction
Syntax
Tone
Imagery
Choice and use of words and phrases
the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed se…
the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writin…
visually descriptive or figurative language, especially in a…
Diction
Choice and use of words and phrases
Syntax
the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed se…
21 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 9: Intelligence and Psychological Testing
What do aptitude tests assess?
What do achievement tests assess?
Define standardized, norms, reliabilit…
Percentile score measures the % of peo…
specific types of mental abilities (ex. spelling)
mastery and knowledge of various subjects (ex. reading)
standardized: uniform procedures used in administration and s…
at; below
What do aptitude tests assess?
specific types of mental abilities (ex. spelling)
What do achievement tests assess?
mastery and knowledge of various subjects (ex. reading)
60 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Barron's AP Psychology Chapter 6: Learning
Learning
Classical conditioning
Neutral stimuli
Unconditioned stimulus/US/UCS
- long-lasting change in behavior resulting from experience... -…
type of learning where people and animals can learn to associ…
stimuli that only focuses attention
original stimulus that elicits a natural, reflexive response
Learning
- long-lasting change in behavior resulting from experience... -…
Classical conditioning
type of learning where people and animals can learn to associ…
28 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology - Myers Language and Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology: Chapter 7
Consciousness
Biological Rhythms
Circadian Rhythms
REM Sleep
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
periodic physiological fluctuations
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during whic…
Consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Biological Rhythms
periodic physiological fluctuations
43 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psych CH 16
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, infleunce, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, infleunce, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
23 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 10 Vocab AP Psych
encoding
storage
retrieval
sensory memory
the transforming of information so the nervous system can pro…
the process by which information is maintained over a period…
the process of obtaining information that has been stored in…
very brief memory storage immediately following initial stimu…
encoding
the transforming of information so the nervous system can pro…
storage
the process by which information is maintained over a period…
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Consciousness
Levels of Consciousness
Conscious Level
Nonconscious level
our level of awareness about our environment and ourselves.
is a measurement of a person's arousability and responsivenes…
the information about yourself and your environment you are c…
Body processes controlled by your mind that we are not usuall…
Consciousness
our level of awareness about our environment and ourselves.
Levels of Consciousness
is a measurement of a person's arousability and responsivenes…
42 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Unit 6: Cognition
memory
information processing model
encoding
storage
human capacity to register, retain, and remember information
compares mind to a computer: (encoding, storage, and retrieval)
the process of putting information into the memory system
the retention of encoded information over time
memory
human capacity to register, retain, and remember information
information processing model
compares mind to a computer: (encoding, storage, and retrieval)
45 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Unit Six
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
10 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psych Semester 1 Final
Empiricism
Socrates and Plato
Aristotle
Rene Descartes
Real knowledge comes from the senses- basing scientific knowl…
We are born with knowledge
Knowledge comes from observation
Mind and body are separate
Empiricism
Real knowledge comes from the senses- basing scientific knowl…
Socrates and Plato
We are born with knowledge
20 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psych Exam Review
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychologists
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
early school of though promoted by Wundt and Michener; use in…
early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by D…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
empiricism
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
structuralism
early school of though promoted by Wundt and Michener; use in…
85 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chap 3 AP Psych: Psychoactive Drugs, AP Psychology Unit 4
psychoactive drugs
Physiology of drug effects
tolerance
withdrawal
chemical substance that alters perception, mood, thinking, me…
work on neurotransmitters, prevent reabsorption, agonists
body gets use to drugs
upon stopping use of a drug
psychoactive drugs
chemical substance that alters perception, mood, thinking, me…
Physiology of drug effects
work on neurotransmitters, prevent reabsorption, agonists
64 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Unit 4
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
Absolute threshold
Subliminal
sense receptors that work up to the brain
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50…
messages that our senses can't consciously process; since we…
bottom-up processing
sense receptors that work up to the brain
top-down processing
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
40 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Chapter 8 Vocab by Sunny Prajapati
Learning
Associative Learning
Behaviorism
Classical Conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
Learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
59 termscreated on December 7, 2016
research method Ap psychology
1) The DSM-V is a diagnostic guide tha…
2) Which of the following is TRUE?... A.…
3) Naturalistic observations are condu…
4) Which of the following correlation…
A. describes psychological disorders and their prevalence.
C. Most people do not suffer from unrealistically low self-es…
A. describe behavior.
D. negative .95
1) The DSM-V is a diagnostic guide tha…
A. describes psychological disorders and their prevalence.
2) Which of the following is TRUE?... A.…
C. Most people do not suffer from unrealistically low self-es…
14 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psych Chapters 14 & 17 Vocab - Abnormal Psychology
General Adaptation Syndrome
Resistance
Set Point
Psychopharmacology
...
...
...
The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior
General Adaptation Syndrome
...
Resistance
...
54 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Meyer's AP Psychology Second edition unit 9
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg, it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg, it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
26 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 12 Vocab
Emotion
James-Lange theory
Cannon-Bard theory
Two-factor theory
A response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
The theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
The Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one mu…
Emotion
A response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
James-Lange theory
The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
50 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 6 (Learning) Vocabulary
Classical Conditioning
Stimulus
Response
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
A type of learning where one learns to link 2 or more stimuli…
Something that triggers a response
The reply to a stimulus
A stimulus that unconditionally (naturally) triggers a respon…
Classical Conditioning
A type of learning where one learns to link 2 or more stimuli…
Stimulus
Something that triggers a response
385 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Midterm Review 2016-2017
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
empiricism
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
27 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Semester Exam
Schools of Thought
Structrualism
Functionalism (William James)
Behaviorism
Schools of Thought
1st school of thought of psychology. Broke down mental proces…
Focused less on the how of sensation and perception, but rath…
Reaction organinsms get in response to specific stimulus.
Schools of Thought
Schools of Thought
Structrualism
1st school of thought of psychology. Broke down mental proces…
64 termscreated on December 7, 2016
#11 Development (AP Psychology)
Developmental Psychology
Maturation
Stages of Prenatal Development
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
-Study of physical, intellectual,social, and moral changes ac…
Defined: Biological growth processes that enable development…
GEF: Germinal, Embryonic, Fetal
-a cluster of abnormalities that occurs in babies of mothers…
Developmental Psychology
-Study of physical, intellectual,social, and moral changes ac…
Maturation
Defined: Biological growth processes that enable development…
33 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology - Intelligence
Charles Spearman
L.L. Thurstone
Howard Gardner
Robert Sternberg
1863-1945; Field: intelligence; Contributions: found that spe…
proposed that intelligence consisted of 7 different primary m…
1943-present; Field: intelligence; Contributions: devised the…
1949-present; Field: intelligence; Contributions: devised the…
Charles Spearman
1863-1945; Field: intelligence; Contributions: found that spe…
L.L. Thurstone
proposed that intelligence consisted of 7 different primary m…
52 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 9: Development (Myer's Psychology for AP)
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from 2 weeks after fertilizatio…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
27 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Thinking and Language
Prototype
Algorithm
Heurisitc
Insight
Cognitive representation of something within a certain catego…
Set of instructions for following a problem- has precise and…
A rule of thumb strategy for making more efficient decisions-…
When the solution comes to you in an all of a sudden manner
Prototype
Cognitive representation of something within a certain catego…
Algorithm
Set of instructions for following a problem- has precise and…
91 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Unit 3 Vocabulary
Biological Psichology
Neuron
Dentrite
Axon
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A cell that carries information through the nervous system. E…
Branched extensions of nerve cells that transmit impulses to…
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Biological Psichology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A cell that carries information through the nervous system. E…
63 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception (Myers Psychology for AP)
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
59 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology: Sensation and Perception
Absolute threshold
Accommodation
Selective Attention
Parallel Processing
In neuroscience and psychophysics, an absolute threshold is d…
involves altering one's existing schemas, or ideas, as a resu…
the process by which a person can selectively pick out one me…
The ability for the brain to process many things at once.
Absolute threshold
In neuroscience and psychophysics, an absolute threshold is d…
Accommodation
involves altering one's existing schemas, or ideas, as a resu…
34 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
41 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Meyers AP Psychology: Unit 3B
Lesion
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
CT (computed temography) Scan
PET (position emission temography) Scan
Tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
A series of X-Ray photographs taken from different angles and…
A visual display of brain activity that detects where a radio…
Lesion
Tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
35 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Meyers AP Psychology: Unit 3A
Phrenology
Biological Psychology
Neurons
Sensory Neurons
Claimed bumps on the skull could reveal our mental abilities…
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Phrenology
Claimed bumps on the skull could reveal our mental abilities…
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
49 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of getting information into the memory system.
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of getting information into the memory system.
37 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Myers Psychology for AP: Chapter 2
Hindsight Bias
Double Blind Procedure
Independent Variable
Dependent Variables
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
The experimental factor that is manipulated--the variable who…
The outcome factor -- the variable that may change in respons…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Double Blind Procedure
An experimental procedure in which both the research particip…
30 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Myer's Psychology for AP (Unit 1)
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
empiricism
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
38 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 5 Vocab AP Psych
Jean Piaget
Lawrence Kohlberg
Harry Harlow
Erik Erikson
(know that he created the stages of cognitive development)
(know that he created the moral stages of development)
(know that he created theory of attachment based off of work…
(know that he created psycho-social stages and different cris…
Jean Piaget
(know that he created the stages of cognitive development)
Lawrence Kohlberg
(know that he created the moral stages of development)
29 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Unit 1 Prologue
empiricism
structuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
empiricism
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
25 termscreated on December 7, 2016
AP Psychology Unit 6
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage of…
the process of getting information into the memory system.
the retention of encoded material over time.
the process of getting the information out of storage.
Memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage of…
Encoding
the process of getting information into the memory system.
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