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84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
81 terms
Luterbach AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
63 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Development Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Development Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
28 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
168 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Farsightedness/Hyperopia
Retina
Fovea
Photoreceptors
condition also known as hyperopia in which faraway objects ar…
A multilayered sensory tissue that lines the back of the eye…
A small area in the center of the retina, composed entirely o…
The light-sensitive cells in the retina- the rods and cones.
Farsightedness/Hyperopia
condition also known as hyperopia in which faraway objects ar…
Retina
A multilayered sensory tissue that lines the back of the eye…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
43 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
accommodation
adolescence
alzheimer's disease
assimilation
refers to changing an existing schema to incorporate new info…
this refers to the life stage from puberty to independent adu…
a progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized b…
refers to interpreting a new experience in terms of an existi…
accommodation
refers to changing an existing schema to incorporate new info…
adolescence
this refers to the life stage from puberty to independent adu…
116 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
sensation
perception
absolute threshold
just noticeable difference (JND) (diff…
bringing in stimuli from the environment to the brain
the organization and interpretation of sensory input
the minimum amount of energy needed to detect the presence of…
the minimum amount of energy needed to detect the change in i…
sensation
bringing in stimuli from the environment to the brain
perception
the organization and interpretation of sensory input
39 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Perception
Sensation
Order a message travels from initial s…
Sensory pathway
a mental process that elaborates and assigns meaning to incom…
the stimulation of sensory receptors, & transmission of senso…
-stimulation... -transduction... -sensation... -perception
These pathways carry information from the sense organs to the…
Perception
a mental process that elaborates and assigns meaning to incom…
Sensation
the stimulation of sensory receptors, & transmission of senso…
59 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Adaptation
Transduction
The activation of the body's senses by outside forces.
The brain's understanding (right or wrong) of sensations.
The act of the brain decreasing its responsiveness to a stimu…
The process by which sensory information in the eyes, ears, n…
Sensation
The activation of the body's senses by outside forces.
Perception
The brain's understanding (right or wrong) of sensations.
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
73 terms
AP Psychology: Chapter 4
Developmental Psychologists
3 Major Issues for Developmental Psych…
Zygotes
Beginning as one cell, each of us beca…
These people study physical, cognitive, and social changes th…
Nature/Nurture: How do genetic inheritance (our nature) and e…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
...
Developmental Psychologists
These people study physical, cognitive, and social changes th…
3 Major Issues for Developmental Psych…
Nature/Nurture: How do genetic inheritance (our nature) and e…
64 terms
AP Psychology-Chapter 4
Developmental psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Fertilized egg. Eventually develops into a embryo after 2 wee…
Developing human organism. Considered this from 2 weeks to 2n…
Developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception until…
Developmental psychology
Branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and so…
Zygote
Fertilized egg. Eventually develops into a embryo after 2 wee…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
50 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4
Retina
Photoreceptors
Rods and cones
Color blindness
where transduction occurs during the vision sensation process
light-sensative cells in the retina that convert light energy…
photoreceptors consist of these two types of specialized neur…
the inability to see color (typically genetic)
Retina
where transduction occurs during the vision sensation process
Photoreceptors
light-sensative cells in the retina that convert light energy…
81 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
91 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4
Consciousness
Internal stimuli
External stimuli
Sleep
Our awareness of internal and external stimuli
feeling pain, hunger, thirst, sleepiness, and being aware of…
seeing the light from the sun, feeling the warmth of a room,…
A state marked by relatively low levels of physical activity…
Consciousness
Our awareness of internal and external stimuli
Internal stimuli
feeling pain, hunger, thirst, sleepiness, and being aware of…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
80 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4 Bernstein
Sense
Sensations
Accessory Structure
Transduction
A system that translates information from outside the nervous…
Messages from the senses that make up the raw information tha…
Structures, such as the lens of the eye, that modify a stimulus
The process of converting incoming energy into neural activity
Sense
A system that translates information from outside the nervous…
Sensations
Messages from the senses that make up the raw information tha…
81 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
transduction
sensory adaptation
sensory habituation
vision
signals are transformed into neural impulses,
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
our perception of sensations is partially due to how focused…
dominant sense in human beings
transduction
signals are transformed into neural impulses,
sensory adaptation
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
60 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
rooting reflex
sucking reflex
grasping reflex
Moro reflex
when you touch a baby's cheek, it's head turns towards where…
when something is put in a child's mouth, it will begin to su…
when something is put into a baby's hands, it will grasp with…
when a baby feels weightless, it will fling out its arms and…
rooting reflex
when you touch a baby's cheek, it's head turns towards where…
sucking reflex
when something is put in a child's mouth, it will begin to su…
75 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 4
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
Process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Info processing guided by higher - level mental process,as wh…
Sensation
Process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Perception
Process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
36 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
97 terms
AP psychology Chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
absolute threshold
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50…
sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
112 terms
AP PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 4
Developmental Psychology
Issues in developmental psychology
Path to personhood
Conception
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
1) Nature and nurture... 2) Continuity and stages... 3) Stability a…
Conception->Prenatal development->competent newborn
Sperm and egg unite to bring genetic material together and fo…
Developmental Psychology
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Issues in developmental psychology
1) Nature and nurture... 2) Continuity and stages... 3) Stability a…
82 terms
Luterbach AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
94 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Conception
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
A single sperm cell (male) penetrates the outer coating of th…
- the fertilized egg... - enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from 2 weeks through 2nd month
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Conception
A single sperm cell (male) penetrates the outer coating of th…
Zygote
- the fertilized egg... - enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
104 terms
Ap Psychology Weiten 9th Chapter 4
Psychophysics
Perception
Sensation
Absolute Threshold
The study of how physical stimuli translate into our psycholo…
The selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory in…
The stimulation of sense organs.
The minimum intensity a stimulus can be and still be detected…
Psychophysics
The study of how physical stimuli translate into our psycholo…
Perception
The selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory in…
11 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Circadian Rhythm
Manifest content
Neurocognitive model of Dreaming
Sleep Disorder
A cycle or rhythm that is roughly 24 hours long; the cyclical…
In Freud's psychoanalytic theory, the elements of a dream tha…
Model of dreaming that emphasizes the continuity of waking an…
Serious and consistent sleep disturbances that interfere with…
Circadian Rhythm
A cycle or rhythm that is roughly 24 hours long; the cyclical…
Manifest content
In Freud's psychoanalytic theory, the elements of a dream tha…
128 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Perception
Stimulus
Threshold
the stimulation of sense organs - physically bringing in ener…
selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory input
any detectable input form the environment
dividing point between energy levels that do not/do have a de…
Sensation
the stimulation of sense organs - physically bringing in ener…
Perception
selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory input
32 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Accommodations (Piaget)
Adolescence
Alzheimer's Disease
Assimilation
The restructuring of the schemas themselves in your mind in o…
the transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending…
a progressive and irreversible brain disorder that includes g…
The modification of newly learned information to properly fit…
Accommodations (Piaget)
The restructuring of the schemas themselves in your mind in o…
Adolescence
the transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending…
42 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
accommodation
adolescence
alzheimer's disease
assimilation
refers to changing an existing schema to incorporate new info…
this refers to the life stage from puberty to independent adu…
a progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized b…
refers to interpreting a new experience in terms of an existi…
accommodation
refers to changing an existing schema to incorporate new info…
adolescence
this refers to the life stage from puberty to independent adu…
42 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
42 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
57 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
cochlea
pitch theories
place theory
frequency theory
the spiral cavity of the inner ear containing the organ of Co…
proposes that pitch is determined by the place of maximum exc…
The place theory of pitch perception proposes that pitch is d…
Frequency theory-the frequency of the auditory nerve's impuls…
cochlea
the spiral cavity of the inner ear containing the organ of Co…
pitch theories
proposes that pitch is determined by the place of maximum exc…
42 terms
AP Psychology - Chapter 4
Development Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Development Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
97 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
63 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
85 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
selective attention
inattentional blindness
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
63 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
84 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your wi…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
115 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 4
sensation
perception
absolute threshold
just-noticeable difference (a.k.a. dif…
bringing in sensory stimuli from the environment to the brain
organization and interpretation of sensory information
minimum amount of energy needed to detect the presence of a…
minimum amount of energy needed to detect the change in the…
sensation
bringing in sensory stimuli from the environment to the brain
perception
organization and interpretation of sensory information
AP Psychology Chapter 4
Sensation
Bottom-Up Processing
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Analysis that *begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Selecting, organizing, and interpreting what comes in your…
Guided by higher level mental processes, such as experience,…
Sensation
Detecting physical energy from the environment and encoding i…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that *begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
95 terms
AP psychology chapter 4
sensation
perception
transduction
sensory adaptation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
reduced responsiveness caused by prolonged stimulation
sensation
The process by which stimulation of a sensory receptor produc…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
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