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Study sets matching "ap psychology"

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Study sets matching "ap psychology"

566 terms
All AP Psychology Terms
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
The bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive mess…
The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fiber…
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
50 terms
AP Psychology Unit 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
78 terms
AP Psychology (Developmental Psychology)
Erik Erikson
Psychosocial Theory
Lawrence Kohlberg
Heinz
Neo-Freudian, humanistic; 8 psychosocial stages of developmen…
A theory of psychological development that proposes that cogn…
Developmental psychologist who contends that moral thinking p…
The case of this person was used by Kohlberg as a moral dilem…
Erik Erikson
Neo-Freudian, humanistic; 8 psychosocial stages of developmen…
Psychosocial Theory
A theory of psychological development that proposes that cogn…
36 terms
AP Psychology Consciousness
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
69 terms
AP Psychology: Social Psychology
Philip Zimbardo
Solomon Asch
Robert Cialdini
John Darley
Prison experiment (6 days - the guards became evil and by the…
Developed the line test to test for conformity- people confor…
Developed the foot-in-the-door phenomenon, "start small and b…
Worked with Bibb Latane to decipher why people performed bett…
Philip Zimbardo
Prison experiment (6 days - the guards became evil and by the…
Solomon Asch
Developed the line test to test for conformity- people confor…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
30 terms
AP psychology chapter 5
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
nonconscious processes
preconscious memories
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
Any brain process that does not involve conscious processing,…
Information that is not currently in consciousness but can be…
consciousness
the process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
cognitive neuroscience
the branch of neuroscience that studies the biological founda…
AP Psychology History & Approaches
empiricism/empirical methods
structuralism
functionalism
behaviorism/behavioral perspective
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
A theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientifi…
empiricism/empirical methods
Information is collected by objective observations and experi…
structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
61 terms
#5 Learning (AP Psychology)
Ivan Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus
Conditioned Stimulus
Contribution: developed the theory of "classical conditioning…
Learning that takes place when two or more stimuli are paired…
Part of Classical Conditioning... It is the stimulus that trigg…
Part of Classical Conditioning... It initially has no effect bu…
Ivan Pavlov
Contribution: developed the theory of "classical conditioning…
Classical Conditioning
Learning that takes place when two or more stimuli are paired…
27 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Hypothesis
Operational Definition
Replication
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define res…
Repeating the essence of a research study, usually with diffe…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Hypothesis
A TESTABLE prediction, often implied by a theory.
37 terms
AP Psychology - Learning
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
235 terms
AP Psychology AP Review
psychology
psychology's biggest question
psychology's three levels of analysis
biological approach
the study of behavior and mental processes
Which is more important in determining behavior, nature or nu…
biopsychosocial approach... (looks at the biological, psychologi…
genetics, close-relatives, body functions
psychology
the study of behavior and mental processes
psychology's biggest question
Which is more important in determining behavior, nature or nu…
78 terms
AP Psychology (Developmental Psychology)
Erik Erikson
Psychosocial Theory
Lawrence Kohlberg
Heinz
Neo-Freudian, humanistic; 8 psychosocial stages of developmen…
A theory of psychological development that proposes that cogn…
Developmental psychologist who contends that moral thinking p…
The case of this person was used by Kohlberg as a moral dilem…
Erik Erikson
Neo-Freudian, humanistic; 8 psychosocial stages of developmen…
Psychosocial Theory
A theory of psychological development that proposes that cogn…
21 terms
AP Psychology Unit 8B
Emotion
James-Lange Theory
Cannon-Bard Theory
Two-Factor Theory
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one mu…
Emotion
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
James-Lange Theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
607 terms
AP Psychology
Emotion (366)
James-Lange theory (367)
Cannon-Bard theory (367)
Two-factor theory (367)
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously t…
the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one mu…
Emotion (366)
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological…
James-Lange theory (367)
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of…
53 terms
AP Psychology Unit 9 - Development Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
66 terms
AP Psychology Important People
Sigmund Freud
Anna Freud
Carl Jung
Erik Erikson
1856-1939; Field: psychoanalytic, personality; Contributions:…
1895-1982; Field: psychoanalysis; Contributions: focused on c…
1875-1961; Field: neo-Freudian, analytic psychology; Contribu…
1902-1994; Field: neo-Freudian, humanistic; Contributions: cr…
Sigmund Freud
1856-1939; Field: psychoanalytic, personality; Contributions:…
Anna Freud
1895-1982; Field: psychoanalysis; Contributions: focused on c…
78 terms
AP Psychology (Developmental Psychology)
Erik Erikson
Psychosocial Theory
Lawrence Kohlberg
Heinz
Neo-Freudian, humanistic; 8 psychosocial stages of developmen…
A theory of psychological development that proposes that cogn…
Developmental psychologist who contends that moral thinking p…
The case of this person was used by Kohlberg as a moral dilem…
Erik Erikson
Neo-Freudian, humanistic; 8 psychosocial stages of developmen…
Psychosocial Theory
A theory of psychological development that proposes that cogn…
35 terms
AP Psychology - Consciousness
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occu…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
19 terms
Brain Parts (AP Psychology)
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
"CEO of the brain"... Controls:... Personality, critical thinking/j…
Controls:... Mathematic Reasoning, Info Processor, Spacial orien…
Controls:... Hearing, categorization of object, Mystical Experie…
Controls:... Vision!
Frontal Lobe
"CEO of the brain"... Controls:... Personality, critical thinking/j…
Parietal Lobe
Controls:... Mathematic Reasoning, Info Processor, Spacial orien…
64 terms
#5 Learning (AP Psychology)
Learning
Associative Learning
Habituation
Pavlov, Ivan
Relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to e…
Defined: learn by putting together two events... Example: Expec…
Defined: An organisms decreasing response to a stimulus with…
Contribution: developed the theory of "classical conditioning…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to e…
Associative Learning
Defined: learn by putting together two events... Example: Expec…
64 terms
AP Psychology ( Schools of Psychology)
Sigmund Freud
Abraham Maslow
Ivan Pavlov
Hierarchy of Needs
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939…
Humanistic psychologist who developed a theory of motivation…
A Russian researcher in the early 1900s who was the first res…
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with p…
Sigmund Freud
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939…
Abraham Maslow
Humanistic psychologist who developed a theory of motivation…
34 terms
AP Psychology - Research Methods
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
80 terms
AP Psychology: Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom up processing
top down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
48 terms
AP Psychology Unit 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
47 terms
AP Psychology Unit 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
55 terms
AP Psychology Unit 9 - Development Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
25 terms
EHS AP Psychology Unit 12 - Abnormal Psychology
psychological disorder
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disord…
medical model
DSM-IV-TR
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorde…
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statist…
psychological disorder
deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts,…
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disord…
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of…
68 terms
AP Psychology - Learning and Memory
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
110 terms
AP Psychology - Developmental Psychology
Life-Span Approach
Erik Erikson
Life-Span Psychologists
Child Psychologists
Says that development is not a process with a clear ending.
Guy that first said that development occurs across an entire…
People who study psychological development throughout life.
Psychologists who focus on an earlier portion of people's liv…
Life-Span Approach
Says that development is not a process with a clear ending.
Erik Erikson
Guy that first said that development occurs across an entire…
39 terms
AP Psychology - Memory
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
the retention of encoded information over time.
the process of getting information out of memory storage.
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
encoding
the processing of information into the memory system—for exam…
58 terms
AP Psych: Social Psychology
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
def: the scientific study of how we think about, influence, a…
def: the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediti…
def: the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's beh…
def: feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispo…
social psychology
def: the scientific study of how we think about, influence, a…
attribution theory
def: the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediti…
28 terms
AP Psychology - Language and Cognition
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
21 terms
AP Psychology - History and Approaches
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-re…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
Empiricism
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Structuralism
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-re…
65 terms
#11 Development (AP Psychology)
Developmental Psychology
Maturation
Stages of Prenatal Development
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
-Study of physical, intellectual,social, and moral changes ac…
Defined: Biological growth processes that enable development…
GEF: Germinal, Embryonic, Fetal
-a cluster of abnormalities that occurs in babies of mothers…
Developmental Psychology
-Study of physical, intellectual,social, and moral changes ac…
Maturation
Defined: Biological growth processes that enable development…
70 terms
AP Psychology Parts of the Brain
amygdala
primary motor cortex (M1)
somatosensory cortex
temporal lobe
- above brainstem and hippocampus, within temporal lobe... - pro…
- between premotor cortex and parietal lobe... - critical to ini…
- parietal lobe, right of primary motor cortex... - receives tac…
- below frontal and parietal lobe... -contains auditory cortex w…
amygdala
- above brainstem and hippocampus, within temporal lobe... - pro…
primary motor cortex (M1)
- between premotor cortex and parietal lobe... - critical to ini…
50 terms
AP Psychology - Development Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
52 terms
AP Psychology - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
56 terms
AP Psychology - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
73 terms
MEMORY AP Psychology
Memory
Encode
Storage
Retrieval
The ability to encode, store and retrieve information over time
processing of getting information into the memory system
Maintaining encoded information in memory over time.
process by which stored information is recovered from long te…
Memory
The ability to encode, store and retrieve information over time
Encode
processing of getting information into the memory system
29 terms
AP Psychology - History and Approaches
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-re…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
Empiricism
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Structuralism
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-re…
705 terms
Myers' AP Psychology for AP*
Wilhelm Wundt
William James
Charles Darwin
Mary Calkins
set up the first psychological laboratory and became known as…
published the first psychology textbook and created the theor…
studied evolution and thought the strongest species and trait…
student under William James who should have earned her Ph.D.…
Wilhelm Wundt
set up the first psychological laboratory and became known as…
William James
published the first psychology textbook and created the theor…
63 terms
AP Psychology - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
53 terms
EHS AP Psychology Unit 9 - Development Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
63 terms
AP Psychology - Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
53 terms
AP Psychology Unit 9 - Development Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
53 terms
AP Psychology Module 6 - Developmental Psychology
Developmental Psychology
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental Psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell d…
47 terms
AP Psychology- Consciousness
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
beta waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.... I am aware of…
our biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
Stage 5 of the Sleep Cycle... A recurring sleep stage during whi…
the quick, frequent brain waves of an awake and energized sta…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.... I am aware of…
circadian rhythm
our biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
50 terms
AP Psychology Unit 14 - Social Psychology
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
45 terms
AP Psychology Unit 6 - Learning
learning
habituation
associative learning
classical conditioning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
habituation
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infan…
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