Study sets matching "ap pysch"

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Study sets matching "ap pysch"

30 terms
AP pysch
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Experimental pyschology
Knowledge originates in experience
Self reflective evaluations (introspection)
Down to earth emotions, memories, willpower, habits
Explore behavior and thinking with experiments
Empiricism
Knowledge originates in experience
Structuralism
Self reflective evaluations (introspection)
AP pysch
cerebral cortex
glial cells
pons
sympathetic nervous system
outerlayer of cerebrum contains the dendrites
cells in the brain which support nourishment and protection f…
"bridge" between brain stem and cerebellum, helps with sleep
"fight or flight" response
cerebral cortex
outerlayer of cerebrum contains the dendrites
glial cells
cells in the brain which support nourishment and protection f…
90 terms
AP Pysch
Foot-In-The-Door-phenomenon
Cognitive Dissonance theory
Social Facilitation
Social Loafing
technique is a compliance tactic that involves getting a pers…
Is the mental stress or discomfort experienced by an individu…
Is the tendency for people to do better on simple tasks when…
Is the phenomenon of people exerting less effort to achieve a…
Foot-In-The-Door-phenomenon
technique is a compliance tactic that involves getting a pers…
Cognitive Dissonance theory
Is the mental stress or discomfort experienced by an individu…
AP Pysch
which subfield is most directly concer…
If height and body weight are positive…
Which of the following research strate…
Which psychological perspective emphas…
industrial/organizational psychologh
Knowing a person's height, one can predict his or her weight.
Experiment
Neuroscience
which subfield is most directly concer…
industrial/organizational psychologh
If height and body weight are positive…
Knowing a person's height, one can predict his or her weight.
AP Pysch
Law of Effect
Punishment
Pica
Shaping
States that rewarded behavior is likely to recur
An event that decreases the behavior that it follows.
...
Operant condition procedure in which reinforcers guide behavi…
Law of Effect
States that rewarded behavior is likely to recur
Punishment
An event that decreases the behavior that it follows.
ap pysch
encoding, storage, retrieval.
retrieval.
iconic & echoic
visual. split sec.
3 stages of memory?
long term to short term is?
2 parts of sensory input?
iconic is and how long it last?
encoding, storage, retrieval.
3 stages of memory?
retrieval.
long term to short term is?
AP pysch
Theory
Hypothesis
Operational definition
Replication
An explanation using an intergrated set of principles that or…
A testable prediction often implied by a theory
A carefully worded statement of the exact procedures (operati…
Repeating the essence of a research study , usually with diff…
Theory
An explanation using an intergrated set of principles that or…
Hypothesis
A testable prediction often implied by a theory
18 terms
Ap pysch
Chunking
Serial position effect
Schemata
Hierarchy
The grouping of information into units
People tend to recall the first items and last items in a list
Is a set of beliefs or expectation about something base on pa…
Complex information broken down into broad concepts
Chunking
The grouping of information into units
Serial position effect
People tend to recall the first items and last items in a list
88 terms
AP pysch
Psychoactive drugs interfere with norm…
Research on left-handedness suggests t…
Someone trying to add a long series of…
Neurotransmitters are chemical messeng…
synapse
genes or prenatal factors play a role in handedness.
left hemisphere
synaptic gap
Psychoactive drugs interfere with norm…
synapse
Research on left-handedness suggests t…
genes or prenatal factors play a role in handedness.
31 terms
Ap Pysch: Unit 1
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
Empiricism
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
Structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
AP pysch
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Glands
Thyroid
Adrenal gland
Controls pitutary glands
Growth
Affects metabolism
Releases adrenaline
Hypothalamus
Controls pitutary glands
Pituitary Glands
Growth
Ap Pysch
Terminal buttons
Motor Neurons
Synaptic Vesicles
Serotonin
Make it possible for the neuron to stimulate nearby glands, m…
carry messages away from the central nervous system toward th…
neurotransmitters are stored here
sleep, appetite, perception, mood (Depression)
Terminal buttons
Make it possible for the neuron to stimulate nearby glands, m…
Motor Neurons
carry messages away from the central nervous system toward th…
ap pysch
sensation
receptor cell
transduction
absolute threshold
the experience of sensory stimulation
a specialized cell that responds to a particular type of energy
the conversion of physical energy into coded neutral signals
the least amount of energy that can be detected as a stimulat…
sensation
the experience of sensory stimulation
receptor cell
a specialized cell that responds to a particular type of energy
Ap pysch
Autonomic nervous system
Sympathetic system
Parasympathetic ... Nervous system
Reflex
The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the g…
The division of the automatic nervous system that around the…
Division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body
Simple automatic inborn response to a sensory stimulus such a…
Autonomic nervous system
The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the g…
Sympathetic system
The division of the automatic nervous system that around the…
32 terms
AP PYSCH
Applied Pyschology
Argument
Attitutudes
Behavior
The branch of pysch concerned with everyday, practical issues
One or more premises used to support a conclusion
Orientations that locate objects of thought on dimensions of…
An observable response or activity by an organism
Applied Pyschology
The branch of pysch concerned with everyday, practical issues
Argument
One or more premises used to support a conclusion
11 terms
AP pysch
garnered
incontestible
innate
immutable
gathered
undeniable
Natural
Unchangeable
garnered
gathered
incontestible
undeniable
AP Pysch
Rationalism
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Rene Descartes
John Locke
Wundt & Titchner
James
Rationalism
Rene Descartes
Empiricism
John Locke
Ap pysch
Psychoanalytic
Behaviorism
Humanism
Cognitive
Assoiciated with sigmund freud, unconscious mind/ conscious m…
Observable behavior, reward/punishment (you learn from experi…
Abraham Maslow, believes humans by nature want to develop to…
Thinking and mental process
Psychoanalytic
Assoiciated with sigmund freud, unconscious mind/ conscious m…
Behaviorism
Observable behavior, reward/punishment (you learn from experi…
18 terms
AP Pysch
Thalamus
Medulla
Reticular Formation
Cerebellum
Switchboard for sensory information
Base of brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
A nerve network in the brainstem that plays an important role…
The "little brain" that processes sensory input and coordinat…
Thalamus
Switchboard for sensory information
Medulla
Base of brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing
25 terms
AP Pysch
Adolescent
Alzhemeirs Disease
Assimilation
Basic Trust
The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending…
A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized b…
Interpreting ones new experience in terms of ones existing sc…
According to Erik Erikson, a sense that the world is predicta…
Adolescent
The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending…
Alzhemeirs Disease
A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized b…
Ap Pysch
Hindsight bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determinism…
a form of systematic inquiry involving the practical applicat…
systematic study directed toward greater knowledge or underst…
a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of li…
Hindsight bias
known as the knew-it-all-along effect or creeping determinism…
Applied Research
a form of systematic inquiry involving the practical applicat…
46 terms
AP Pysch
Introspection
Functionalism
Sigmund Freud(1856-1939)
Margaret Floy Washburn(1871-1939)
The examination or observation of one's own mental and emotio…
A theory about the nature of mental states
Austrian neurologist, known as the father of psychoanalysis
Leading American Psychologist in the early 20th century
Introspection
The examination or observation of one's own mental and emotio…
Functionalism
A theory about the nature of mental states
AP Pysch
Sensorimotor
Preoperational
Concrete Operational
Formal Operational
0-2 years... object permanence... stranger anixety
2-6... ego centrism... pretend play
6/7-11... conservation... mathematical transformations
about 12 +... abstract thinking
Sensorimotor
0-2 years... object permanence... stranger anixety
Preoperational
2-6... ego centrism... pretend play
50 terms
AP Pysch
Little Albert
Albert Bandura
Ivan Pavlov
Martin Seligman
Guy who came up with a case study showing empirical evidence…
Believes that humans are active information processors and th…
Was primarily interested in physiology, but his discovery of…
An American psychologist, educator, and author of self-help b…
Little Albert
Guy who came up with a case study showing empirical evidence…
Albert Bandura
Believes that humans are active information processors and th…
AP Pysch
Goals of psychology
Dualism
Functionalism
Gestalt
Define, Explain, Control, Predict
The mind is separate from the body
William James- all human behavior is evolutionary and looked…
The whole is greater than sum(parts)
Goals of psychology
Define, Explain, Control, Predict
Dualism
The mind is separate from the body
36 terms
AP Pysch
health psychology
stressors
chronic stress
life events
study of interrelationships between psychology and physical h…
sources of stress
result of collective effect of daily hassel
major changes in life circumstances
health psychology
study of interrelationships between psychology and physical h…
stressors
sources of stress
19 terms
Ap Pysch
Psychology
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Empiricism
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
23 terms
AP Pysch
Dualist
Monist
Descartes and Bacon
John Locke (Empiricism)
Socrates and Plato. Mind can separate from body and continues…
Aristotle. Mind and body are one and once different aspects o…
Agreed that the mind could survive death
Having empirical evidence "Tabula Rage" - Blank Slate
Dualist
Socrates and Plato. Mind can separate from body and continues…
Monist
Aristotle. Mind and body are one and once different aspects o…
26 terms
Ap pysch
Hindsight bias
Humility
Critical thinking
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe after learning an outcome that one wo…
And awareness of our own vulnerability to error and openness…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
A testable prediction often implied by theory
Hindsight bias
The tendency to believe after learning an outcome that one wo…
Humility
And awareness of our own vulnerability to error and openness…
40 terms
ap pysch
____ allows humans yo adapt to a varie…
the knowledge and skills that are gain…
Dr Yines is like most psychologists to…
Human intelligence permits us to do
intelligence
achievement
cognitive basis
All of the above
____ allows humans yo adapt to a varie…
intelligence
the knowledge and skills that are gain…
achievement
56 terms
AP PYSCH
Psychology
Introspection
Structuralism
Functionalism
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
A method of self-observation in which participants report the…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Introspection
A method of self-observation in which participants report the…
ap pysch
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
refers to the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome,…
is careful reasoning that examines assumptions, discerns hidd…
is an explanation using integrated set of principles that org…
is a testable prediction, often implied by a theory; testing…
hindsight bias
refers to the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome,…
critical thinking
is careful reasoning that examines assumptions, discerns hidd…
Ap pysch
Motive
Emotion
Intristic
Extrinsic
Specific need or desire, such as hunger, thirst, or achieveme…
Feeling such as fear, joy, or surprise, that underlies behavior
Motivating behaviors are more likely to become part of our pe…
Motivation that comes from the environment, when a stimulus c…
Motive
Specific need or desire, such as hunger, thirst, or achieveme…
Emotion
Feeling such as fear, joy, or surprise, that underlies behavior
42 terms
AP Pysch
Developmental psychologists
Zygote
Embryo
Fetus
study physical, cognitive, social changes throughout the huma…
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
Developmental psychologists
study physical, cognitive, social changes throughout the huma…
Zygote
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
79 terms
AP PYSCH
Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)
Introspection
William James (1842-1910
Funtionalism
A german physchologist who created the idea of introspection.
The examination or observation of one's own mental and emoiti…
An american psychologist who came up with the idea of functio…
Mental states are defined by what they do and how they act ra…
Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)
A german physchologist who created the idea of introspection.
Introspection
The examination or observation of one's own mental and emoiti…
5 terms
ap pysch
memory
encoding
storage
retrieval
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding st…
First stage of the memory process; in it information is trans…
Involves maintaining encoded information in memory over time
Involves recovering information from memory stores
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the encoding st…
encoding
First stage of the memory process; in it information is trans…
34 terms
Ap pysch
Blindspot
Fovea
Feature detectors
Parallel processing
The point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye creating a…
The central focal point in the retina around high the eyes co…
nerve cells in the brain that respond to specific features of…
The processing of several aspects of a problem simultaneously…
Blindspot
The point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye creating a…
Fovea
The central focal point in the retina around high the eyes co…
Ap pysch
Bottom up processing
Top down processing
Absolute threshold
Selective attention
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher level mental processes
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
The focusing of conscience awareness on a particular stimulus
Bottom up processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Top down processing
Information processing guided by higher level mental processes
26 terms
ap pysch
sensory cortex
association areas
plasticity
neurogenesis
area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and pr…
areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary…
the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, b…
the formation of new neurons
sensory cortex
area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and pr…
association areas
areas of the cerebral cortex that are not involved in primary…
27 terms
AP Pysch
statistical significance
normal curve
standard deviation
descriptive
a statistical statement of how likely it is that an obtained…
a symmetrical, bell-shaped curve that describes the distribut…
a compound measure of how much scores vary around the mean sc…
to observe and record behavior
statistical significance
a statistical statement of how likely it is that an obtained…
normal curve
a symmetrical, bell-shaped curve that describes the distribut…
5 terms
AP Pysch
Wilhelm Wundt
structuralism
William James
Functionalism
set up the first psychological laboratory
introspection
1890- published the first psychology textbook "The Principles…
How mental and behavioral processes function. How they enable…
Wilhelm Wundt
set up the first psychological laboratory
structuralism
introspection
21 terms
AP pysch
Cerebral cortex
4 lobes of cerebral cortex
Frontal lobe
Broca's area
Made up of densely packed neurons are called "gray matter" an…
Foolish- frontal lobe ... Moms- motor cortex ... Smoke- sensory cor…
Abstract though and emotional control contains motor cortex ;…
Responsible for controlling muscles to speech
Cerebral cortex
Made up of densely packed neurons are called "gray matter" an…
4 lobes of cerebral cortex
Foolish- frontal lobe ... Moms- motor cortex ... Smoke- sensory cor…
AP Pysch
empiricism
strucuralism
functionalism
experimental psychology
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
early school of thought promoted by wundt and titchener used…
early school of thought promoted by james and influenced by d…
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental met…
empiricism
the view that knowledge originates in experience and that sci…
strucuralism
early school of thought promoted by wundt and titchener used…
Ap Pysch
Psychology
Aristotle
First psychology laboratory founded in:
Wilhelm Wundt had a student:
a science that seeks to answer questions about how people thi…
-Early greek philosopher who started to ponder about psycholo…
1879 in Leipzig Germany by Wilhelm Wundt
Edward Titchener
Psychology
a science that seeks to answer questions about how people thi…
Aristotle
-Early greek philosopher who started to ponder about psycholo…
Ap pysch
Empiricism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Nature-Nurture issue
The view that knowledge comes from experience via the senses…
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavio…
The longstanding controversy over the relative controversy ov…
Empiricism
The view that knowledge comes from experience via the senses…
Structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
24 terms
AP pysch.
Consciousness
Cognitive neuroscience
Non conscious processes
Daydreaming
The process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
Field involving Cognitive psychology, neurology, biology comp…
brain process that does not involve conscious processing, inc…
a common variation of consciousness in which attention shifts…
Consciousness
The process by which the brain creates a model of internal an…
Cognitive neuroscience
Field involving Cognitive psychology, neurology, biology comp…
AP pysch
Cognitive
Biological
Anxiety disorders
Anxiety disorder symptoms
Irrational and faulty thinking
Neurochemical or hormonal imbalances; abnormal brain structur…
Includes panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, phobi…
Panic attack, pain and tightness of muscles in chest or neck,…
Cognitive
Irrational and faulty thinking
Biological
Neurochemical or hormonal imbalances; abnormal brain structur…
11 terms
Ap Pysch
Biological Psychology
Neuron
Sensory Nerves
Inter neurons
A branch of psychology concerned wirh links between bio and b…
A nerve cell
Neurons that carry INCOMING info from sensory receptors to br…
Neurons w/in the brain/spinal cord that communicate internall…
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned wirh links between bio and b…
Neuron
A nerve cell
15 terms
AP PYSCH
quasi experiment
random variable
experimenter bias
placebo effect
situation similar to an experiment but not all variables are…
variables that cannot be controlled (human error)
an experiment manipulated research to get the results she/he…
subject in the control group act as though they are in the ex…
quasi experiment
situation similar to an experiment but not all variables are…
random variable
variables that cannot be controlled (human error)
Ap pysch
Population
Random sampling
Random assignment
Semantic Encoding
All college students
Professor Proust should use this as participants in the study…
Randomly assign people to the experimental group(which will r…
Predict that the memories reported on the survey will most li…
Population
All college students
Random sampling
Professor Proust should use this as participants in the study…
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