Study sets matching "ap pyschology"

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Study sets matching "ap pyschology"

54 terms
unit 14 ap pyschology
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings often based on our beliefs, which predispose us to r…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
53 terms
Unit 1 AP Pyschology
Wilhelm Wundt
Edward Titchener
structuralism (1879-1880s)
introspection
physiologist who founded the first psychological laboratory i…
Wundt's student who introduced the school of structuralism
explored the basic elements of mind using the method of intro…
method that proved to be unreliable
Wilhelm Wundt
physiologist who founded the first psychological laboratory i…
Edward Titchener
Wundt's student who introduced the school of structuralism
26 terms
AP Pyschology - Unit 1
Biological
Evolutionary
Psychodynamic
Behavioral
-internal ... -individual behaviors... (more specific to you as a…
-natural selection ... -survival of species... (more general than…
-unconscious/unaware of our drives/motives ... -Our thoughts and…
-observable... -external enviroment/influences... -reward/reinforce…
Biological
-internal ... -individual behaviors... (more specific to you as a…
Evolutionary
-natural selection ... -survival of species... (more general than…
11 terms
AP Pyschology - Unit One
Psychology
Structuralism
Functionalism
Humanistic psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Early school of psych that used introspection to explore elem…
A school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavio…
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
Psychology
The scientific study of behavior and mental process
Structuralism
Early school of psych that used introspection to explore elem…
Ap pyschology chapter 1
Pyscology
Confirmation Bias
Applied psycologists
Introspection
Based MedicaThe scientific study of behavior and mental proce…
Tendencey to attend to evidence that complements and confirms…
Psycologists who use the knowledge developed by experimental…
Process of reporting ones own conscious mental experiences
Pyscology
Based MedicaThe scientific study of behavior and mental proce…
Confirmation Bias
Tendencey to attend to evidence that complements and confirms…
34 terms
Ap pyschology Chapter 2
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguements and conclusi…
an explanation using an intergrated set of principles that or…
a testable prediction, often implied by theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguements and conclusi…
38 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 4
similarity
eardrum, hammer, anvil, stirrup
sweet, sour, salty, bitter, umami
50%
the tendency to perceive the rows of squares and circles as c…
the four primary structures of the middle ear
five categories of taste
the percentage of the absolute threshold when a stimulus is d…
similarity
the tendency to perceive the rows of squares and circles as c…
eardrum, hammer, anvil, stirrup
the four primary structures of the middle ear
Ap pyschology unit 3
Neurotransmitters
Reuptake mechanisms
Action potential
Synapse
Messages travel thru synapse
Reobsortion by a transmitter of a transmitter transported of…
Brief electrical charge travels down axon (deplorization)
Junction betwen axon tip and cell body of receiving neuron
Neurotransmitters
Messages travel thru synapse
Reuptake mechanisms
Reobsortion by a transmitter of a transmitter transported of…
Ap Pyschology Ch 6
selective attention
visual capture
gestalt
figure- ground
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
the organization of he visual field into objects that stand o…
selective attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
visual capture
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
30 terms
AP pyschology chapter 1
Hindsight Bias
Critical thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
Tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one would…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
Explanation using an integrated set of principals that organi…
Testable prediction
Hindsight Bias
Tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one would…
Critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
23 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 14
Social pyschology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observance, when analyzing another's behavio…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social pyschology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
AP Pyschology Unit 1
View of the mind of Plato & Socrates
Philosipher who first concluded knowle…
Descartes' theory of how the brain con…
Philosipher well known for theorizing…
Mind is separate from body; Continues after body dies
Aristotle
Brain fluid & animal spirits
John locke
View of the mind of Plato & Socrates
Mind is separate from body; Continues after body dies
Philosipher who first concluded knowle…
Aristotle
65 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 1
Psychology
Behaviorism
Structuralism
Evolutionary psychology
Study of soul
Counter to structuralism, observable responses
Structure elements of mind
Natural instinct
Psychology
Study of soul
Behaviorism
Counter to structuralism, observable responses
73 terms
AP Pyschology Neuroscience
medulla
pons
cerebellum
reticular formation
deals with unconscious parts of your body, like heart rate &…
helps you stay awake and aroused, deals with sleep and arousal
deals with coordination
helps you stay alert and attentive
medulla
deals with unconscious parts of your body, like heart rate &…
pons
helps you stay awake and aroused, deals with sleep and arousal
56 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 9
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg' it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg' it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
34 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 2
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one w…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one w…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
AP Pyschology vocab
Applied research
basic research
behavioral psychology
behaviorism
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
aims to understand our actions by analyzing the way that we o…
the theory that human and animal behavior can be explained in…
Applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
39 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 5
consciousness
hypnosis
posthypnotic suggestion
dissociation
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
a social interaction in which one person (the subject) respon…
a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried o…
a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and beha…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
hypnosis
a social interaction in which one person (the subject) respon…
65 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 1
Psychology
Behaviorism
Structuralism
Evolutionary psychology
Study of soul
Counter to structuralism, observable responses
Structure elements of mind
Natural instinct
Psychology
Study of soul
Behaviorism
Counter to structuralism, observable responses
39 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 2
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one w…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one w…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Pyschology AP exam Vocab
spinal cord
Afferent neurons (sensory neurons)
Efferent neurons (motor neurons)
Interneuron
A major part of the central nervous system which conducts sen…
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Nerves that carry impulses away from the brain and spinal cor…
Central nervous system neurons that internally communicate an…
spinal cord
A major part of the central nervous system which conducts sen…
Afferent neurons (sensory neurons)
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
30 terms
ap pyschology chapter 15
personality
free association
pyschoanalysis
unconcious
the complex of all the attributes--behavioral, temperamental,…
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Frued's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
personality
the complex of all the attributes--behavioral, temperamental,…
free association
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
AP Pyschology: Chapter 7
REM Rebound
Dream
Withdrawl
REM sleep
tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep depriv…
sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a…
discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of…
rapid eye movement during sleep, a recurring sleep stage in w…
REM Rebound
tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep depriv…
Dream
sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a…
31 terms
Important People-AP Pyschology
Ivan Pavlov
B.F. Sinner
Wilhelm Wundt
E.B. Titchener
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning, punishment and Reinforcement
First psychology laboratory in Germany
Student of Wundt, consciousness, structuralism
Ivan Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
B.F. Sinner
Operant Conditioning, punishment and Reinforcement
AP Pyschology Chapter 8
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical conditioning
Behaviorism
a relatively permenant change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Learning
a relatively permenant change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
18 terms
Ap Pyschology Ch 6
selective attention
visual capture
gestalt
figure- ground
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
the organization of he visual field into objects that stand o…
selective attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
visual capture
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
40 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 7
Cognition
Problem space
Incubation effect
Theory of bounded rationality
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
The initial state, goal state, and all the possible intermedi…
the tendency to arrive at a solution after a period of time a…
Simon's assertion that people tend to use simple strategies i…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Problem space
The initial state, goal state, and all the possible intermedi…
Ap Pyschology, FINAL, Myers for AP ~
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Intuition
Scientific Method
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Intuition is a person's capacity to obtain or have direct kno…
The scientific method is a systematic, step-by-step procedure…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
30 terms
Daly_Research Methods Ap pyschology
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
36 terms
AP Pyschology Chapter 9
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
365 terms
AP Pyschology Midterm
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviorism
Humanistic psychology
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
The view that psychology should be an objective science that…
Historically significant perspective that emphasized the grow…
Structuralism
An early school of psychology that used introspection to expl…
Functionalism
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
Ap Pyschology Sensation and perceptions
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top- down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and the nervous sy…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided bu higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and the nervous sy…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
AP pyschology review 14
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution error
Attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
The tendency for observers, when analysing others' behavior t…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
Memory Unit AP Pyschology
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
The processing of information into the memory system- for exa…
The retention of encoded information over time.
The process of getting information out of memory storage.
Memory
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Encoding
The processing of information into the memory system- for exa…
AP Pyschology Chapter 1
Empiricism
Structuralism(Edward Bradford Titchener)
Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
view that knowledge originates in experience and that science…
early school of psychology that used introspection to explore…
encourages explorations of down-to-earth emotions, memories,…
study of behavior & thinking using the experimental method
Empiricism
view that knowledge originates in experience and that science…
Structuralism(Edward Bradford Titchener)
early school of psychology that used introspection to explore…
32 terms
Ap Pyschology (hearing and seeing)
kinesthetic sense
vestibular sense
top down processing
retina disparity
the sens of body position and movement of body parts relative…
the sense of body orientation with respect to gravity
we perceive by filling the gaps in what we sense, based on ou…
as an object comes closer to us, the differences in images be…
kinesthetic sense
the sens of body position and movement of body parts relative…
vestibular sense
the sense of body orientation with respect to gravity
AP Pyschology Unit 3B
lesion
EEG
CT
PET
tissue destruction, a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
a series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radio…
lesion
tissue destruction, a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
EEG
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
20 terms
AP Pyschology Chapter 6
Intrinsic motivation
Spontaneous recovery
Latent learning
Shaping
The motivation to perform a behavior for its own sake
The reappearance of a weakened conditioned response
Learning that becomes apparent only after reinforcement is pr…
Reinforcing closer and closer approximations of a behavior
Intrinsic motivation
The motivation to perform a behavior for its own sake
Spontaneous recovery
The reappearance of a weakened conditioned response
AP Pyschology People
Mary Whiton Calkins
Charles Darwin
John Locke
Margaret Washburn
first female president of the American Pyschological Associat…
evolution theory natural selection
British political philosopher the mind is a blank slate upon…
second female president of the APA and first female to receiv…
Mary Whiton Calkins
first female president of the American Pyschological Associat…
Charles Darwin
evolution theory natural selection
100 terms
AP Pyschology Last 100
Martin Seligman
Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, me…
Measures of Variability: Range and Sta…
Memory
1942-present; Field: learning; Contributions: Positive Psycho…
Numbers that are used to describe the center of a set of data…
A type of descriptive statistical measure that attempts to de…
Sensory - The storage system that holds memory of sensory imp…
Martin Seligman
1942-present; Field: learning; Contributions: Positive Psycho…
Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, me…
Numbers that are used to describe the center of a set of data…
29 terms
AP Pyschology Chapter 10
Language
Phoneme
morpheme
grammar
our spoken written or signed words and the ways we combine th…
in a spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be…
in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communica…
Language
our spoken written or signed words and the ways we combine th…
Phoneme
in a spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
14 terms
AP Pyschology 3C Vocabulary
behavior genetics
environment
chromosomes
DNA
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
behavior genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
environment
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
Ap Pyschology 7 Cognition
memory
Three box information processing model
sensory memory
iconic memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
this model proposes the three stages that information passes…
the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in…
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Three box information processing model
this model proposes the three stages that information passes…
Learning AP Pyschology
Pavlov's Experiment
UCS
UCR
Acquisition
Discovered that a neutral stimulus, when paired with a natura…
A stimulus that automatically-without conditioning or learnin…
A response resulting from an unconditioned stimulus without p…
The learning stage during which a conditional response comes…
Pavlov's Experiment
Discovered that a neutral stimulus, when paired with a natura…
UCS
A stimulus that automatically-without conditioning or learnin…
AP Pyschology-Personality
Personality
psychodynamic approach
unconscious
Preconscious
individual's unique patterns of thought, feelings, and behavi…
theories that behavior results from the psychological forces…
prominent in Freudian theory; ideas, thoughts, feelings of wh…
Information that is not conscious but is retrievable into con…
Personality
individual's unique patterns of thought, feelings, and behavi…
psychodynamic approach
theories that behavior results from the psychological forces…
AP PYSCHOLOGY RESEARCH METHODS
central tendencies
mean
median
mode
the middle of a data set or where the scores in a data send t…
the average, adding up all provided numbers and dividing by t…
the middle value in a rage of values. At the medium 50% of al…
most commonly occurring number in a set of number. If two num…
central tendencies
the middle of a data set or where the scores in a data send t…
mean
the average, adding up all provided numbers and dividing by t…
AP Pyschology Prologue Review
What perspective of pysch would it be…
What perspective of pysch would it be…
What perspective of psych would it be…
Behavioral "Outside"
Neuroscience
Evolutionary
Psychodynamic
Explains why we do what we do, usually motives include a rewa…
What perspective of pysch would it be…
Neuroscience
What perspective of pysch would it be…
Evolutionary
21 terms
AP Pyschology- Prologue
structuralism
functionalism
behaviorism
humanistic psychology
a school of psychology that studied the brain's structure by…
a school of psychology that studied how our mental and behavi…
a school of psychology that studied human behavior not linked…
a school of psychology that studied the potential of humans a…
structuralism
a school of psychology that studied the brain's structure by…
functionalism
a school of psychology that studied how our mental and behavi…
AP Pyschology Unit 3 Vocabulary
biological psychology
neuron
sensory neurons
motor neurons
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
AP Pyschology-Consciousness
Consciousness
Waking consciousness
Altered state of consciousness
Biological rhythms
A person's awareness of everything that is going on around hi…
State in which thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear,…
State in which there is a shift in the quality or pattern of…
Natural cycles of activity that the body must go through
Consciousness
A person's awareness of everything that is going on around hi…
Waking consciousness
State in which thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear,…
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