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Study sets matching "ap pyschology"

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Study sets matching "ap pyschology"

54 terms
unit 14 ap pyschology
social psychology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
the tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior…
feelings often based on our beliefs, which predispose us to r…
social psychology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
suggests how we explain someone's behavior—by crediting eithe…
26 terms
AP Pyschology - Unit 1
Biological
Evolutionary
Psychodynamic
Behavioral
-internal ... -individual behaviors... (more specific to you as a…
-natural selection ... -survival of species... (more general than…
-unconscious/unaware of our drives/motives ... -Our thoughts and…
-observable... -external enviroment/influences... -reward/reinforce…
Biological
-internal ... -individual behaviors... (more specific to you as a…
Evolutionary
-natural selection ... -survival of species... (more general than…
38 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 1
View of the mind of Plato & Socrates
Philosipher who first concluded knowle…
Descartes' theory of how the brain con…
Philosipher well known for theorizing…
Mind is separate from body; Continues after body dies
Aristotle
Brain fluid & animal spirits
John locke
View of the mind of Plato & Socrates
Mind is separate from body; Continues after body dies
Philosipher who first concluded knowle…
Aristotle
65 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 1
Psychology
Behaviorism
Structuralism
Evolutionary psychology
Study of soul
Counter to structuralism, observable responses
Structure elements of mind
Natural instinct
Psychology
Study of soul
Behaviorism
Counter to structuralism, observable responses
73 terms
AP Pyschology Neuroscience
medulla
pons
cerebellum
reticular formation
deals with unconscious parts of your body, like heart rate &…
helps you stay awake and aroused, deals with sleep and arousal
deals with coordination
helps you stay alert and attentive
medulla
deals with unconscious parts of your body, like heart rate &…
pons
helps you stay awake and aroused, deals with sleep and arousal
34 terms
AP Pyschology vocab
Applied research
basic research
behavioral psychology
behaviorism
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
aims to understand our actions by analyzing the way that we o…
the theory that human and animal behavior can be explained in…
Applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
30 terms
AP pyschology chapter 1
Hindsight Bias
Critical thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
Tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one would…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
Explanation using an integrated set of principals that organi…
Testable prediction
Hindsight Bias
Tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one would…
Critical thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions
39 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 2
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one w…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one w…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
34 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 2
hindsight bias
critical thinking
theory
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one w…
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome that one w…
critical thinking
thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
35 terms
Pyschology AP exam Vocab
spinal cord
Afferent neurons (sensory neurons)
Efferent neurons (motor neurons)
Interneuron
A major part of the central nervous system which conducts sen…
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
Nerves that carry impulses away from the brain and spinal cor…
Central nervous system neurons that internally communicate an…
spinal cord
A major part of the central nervous system which conducts sen…
Afferent neurons (sensory neurons)
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
19 terms
Ap Pyschology Ch 6
selective attention
visual capture
gestalt
figure- ground
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
the organization of he visual field into objects that stand o…
selective attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
visual capture
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
39 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 5
consciousness
hypnosis
posthypnotic suggestion
dissociation
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
a social interaction in which one person (the subject) respon…
a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried o…
a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and beha…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
hypnosis
a social interaction in which one person (the subject) respon…
30 terms
ap pyschology chapter 15
personality
free association
pyschoanalysis
unconcious
the complex of all the attributes--behavioral, temperamental,…
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
Frued's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and ac…
according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable though…
personality
the complex of all the attributes--behavioral, temperamental,…
free association
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in w…
65 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 1
Psychology
Behaviorism
Structuralism
Evolutionary psychology
Study of soul
Counter to structuralism, observable responses
Structure elements of mind
Natural instinct
Psychology
Study of soul
Behaviorism
Counter to structuralism, observable responses
23 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 14
Social pyschology
attribution theory
fundamental attribution error
attitude
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
the tendency for observance, when analyzing another's behavio…
feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social pyschology
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
31 terms
Important People-AP Pyschology
Ivan Pavlov
B.F. Sinner
Wilhelm Wundt
E.B. Titchener
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning, punishment and Reinforcement
First psychology laboratory in Germany
Student of Wundt, consciousness, structuralism
Ivan Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
B.F. Sinner
Operant Conditioning, punishment and Reinforcement
18 terms
Ap Pyschology Ch 6
selective attention
visual capture
gestalt
figure- ground
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
the organization of he visual field into objects that stand o…
selective attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
visual capture
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
40 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 7
Cognition
Problem space
Incubation effect
Theory of bounded rationality
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
The initial state, goal state, and all the possible intermedi…
the tendency to arrive at a solution after a period of time a…
Simon's assertion that people tend to use simple strategies i…
Cognition
All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing,…
Problem space
The initial state, goal state, and all the possible intermedi…
AP Pyschology Chapter 8
Learning
Associative Learning
Classical conditioning
Behaviorism
a relatively permenant change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate st…
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science t…
Learning
a relatively permenant change in an organism's behavior due t…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
38 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 1
View of the mind of Plato & Socrates
Philosipher who first concluded knowle…
Descartes' theory of how the brain con…
Philosipher well known for theorizing…
Mind is separate from body; Continues after body dies
Aristotle
Brain fluid & animal spirits
John locke
View of the mind of Plato & Socrates
Mind is separate from body; Continues after body dies
Philosipher who first concluded knowle…
Aristotle
30 terms
Daly_Research Methods Ap pyschology
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Theory
Hypothesis
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…
A testable prediction, often implied by a theory
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
36 terms
AP Pyschology Chapter 9
cognition
concept
prototype
algorithm
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
A mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
concept
A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
25 terms
AP Pyschology: Chapter 7
REM Rebound
Dream
Withdrawl
REM sleep
tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep depriv…
sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a…
discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of…
rapid eye movement during sleep, a recurring sleep stage in w…
REM Rebound
tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep depriv…
Dream
sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a…
56 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 9
developmental psychology
zygote
embryo
fetus
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
the fertilized egg' it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertil…
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception t…
developmental psychology
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and…
zygote
the fertilized egg' it enters a 2 week period of rapid cell d…
39 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 5
consciousness
hypnosis
posthypnotic suggestion
dissociation
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
a social interaction in which one person (the subject) respon…
a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried o…
a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and beha…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
hypnosis
a social interaction in which one person (the subject) respon…
32 terms
Ap Pyschology (hearing and seeing)
kinesthetic sense
vestibular sense
top down processing
retina disparity
the sens of body position and movement of body parts relative…
the sense of body orientation with respect to gravity
we perceive by filling the gaps in what we sense, based on ou…
as an object comes closer to us, the differences in images be…
kinesthetic sense
the sens of body position and movement of body parts relative…
vestibular sense
the sense of body orientation with respect to gravity
63 terms
Ap Pyschology Sensation and perceptions
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top- down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and the nervous sy…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided bu higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and the nervous sy…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
31 terms
AP Pyschology Chapter 1
Empiricism
Structuralism(Edward Bradford Titchener)
Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
view that knowledge originates in experience and that science…
early school of psychology that used introspection to explore…
encourages explorations of down-to-earth emotions, memories,…
study of behavior & thinking using the experimental method
Empiricism
view that knowledge originates in experience and that science…
Structuralism(Edward Bradford Titchener)
early school of psychology that used introspection to explore…
247 terms
Ap Pyschology, FINAL, Myers for AP ~
Hindsight Bias
Critical Thinking
Intuition
Scientific Method
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
Intuition is a person's capacity to obtain or have direct kno…
The scientific method is a systematic, step-by-step procedure…
Hindsight Bias
The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
Critical Thinking
Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…
20 terms
AP Pyschology Chapter 6
Intrinsic motivation
Spontaneous recovery
Latent learning
Shaping
The motivation to perform a behavior for its own sake
The reappearance of a weakened conditioned response
Learning that becomes apparent only after reinforcement is pr…
Reinforcing closer and closer approximations of a behavior
Intrinsic motivation
The motivation to perform a behavior for its own sake
Spontaneous recovery
The reappearance of a weakened conditioned response
13 terms
AP Pyschology People
Mary Whiton Calkins
Charles Darwin
John Locke
Margaret Washburn
first female president of the American Pyschological Associat…
evolution theory natural selection
British political philosopher the mind is a blank slate upon…
second female president of the APA and first female to receiv…
Mary Whiton Calkins
first female president of the American Pyschological Associat…
Charles Darwin
evolution theory natural selection
51 terms
AP pyschology review 14
Social Psychology
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution error
Attitude
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
The tendency for observers, when analysing others' behavior t…
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us…
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and re…
Attribution Theory
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting ei…
23 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 3B
lesion
EEG
CT
PET
tissue destruction, a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
a series of X-ray photographs taken from different angles and…
a visual display of brain activity that detects where a radio…
lesion
tissue destruction, a brain lesion is a naturally or experime…
EEG
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity th…
14 terms
AP Pyschology 3C Vocabulary
behavior genetics
environment
chromosomes
DNA
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
a complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
behavior genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
environment
every non genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
29 terms
AP Pyschology Chapter 10
Language
Phoneme
morpheme
grammar
our spoken written or signed words and the ways we combine th…
in a spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be…
in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communica…
Language
our spoken written or signed words and the ways we combine th…
Phoneme
in a spoken language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
AP Pyschology Prologue Review
What perspective of pysch would it be…
What perspective of pysch would it be…
What perspective of psych would it be…
Behavioral "Outside"
Neuroscience
Evolutionary
Psychodynamic
Explains why we do what we do, usually motives include a rewa…
What perspective of pysch would it be…
Neuroscience
What perspective of pysch would it be…
Evolutionary
100 terms
AP Pyschology Last 100
Martin Seligman
Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, me…
Measures of Variability: Range and Sta…
Memory
1942-present; Field: learning; Contributions: Positive Psycho…
Numbers that are used to describe the center of a set of data…
A type of descriptive statistical measure that attempts to de…
Sensory - The storage system that holds memory of sensory imp…
Martin Seligman
1942-present; Field: learning; Contributions: Positive Psycho…
Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, me…
Numbers that are used to describe the center of a set of data…
46 terms
Ap Pyschology 7 Cognition
memory
Three box information processing model
sensory memory
iconic memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
this model proposes the three stages that information passes…
the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in…
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic…
memory
the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Three box information processing model
this model proposes the three stages that information passes…
74 terms
AP Pyschology Unit 3 Vocabulary
biological psychology
neuron
sensory neurons
motor neurons
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
neurons that carry incoming information from the sensory rece…
neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and sp…
biological psychology
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biolo…
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
63 terms
AP Pyschology-Consciousness
Consciousness
Waking consciousness
Altered state of consciousness
Biological rhythms
A person's awareness of everything that is going on around hi…
State in which thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear,…
State in which there is a shift in the quality or pattern of…
Natural cycles of activity that the body must go through
Consciousness
A person's awareness of everything that is going on around hi…
Waking consciousness
State in which thoughts, feelings, and sensations are clear,…
42 terms
AP Pyschology-Personality
Personality
psychodynamic approach
unconscious
Preconscious
individual's unique patterns of thought, feelings, and behavi…
theories that behavior results from the psychological forces…
prominent in Freudian theory; ideas, thoughts, feelings of wh…
Information that is not conscious but is retrievable into con…
Personality
individual's unique patterns of thought, feelings, and behavi…
psychodynamic approach
theories that behavior results from the psychological forces…
48 terms
AP Pyschology: Famous People
Frances Galton
Charles Darwin
William Wundt
John Watson
maintained that personality and ability depend almost entirel…
theory of evolution
introspection-psychology became the scientific study of consc…
founder of behaviorism; generalizations; applied classical co…
Frances Galton
maintained that personality and ability depend almost entirel…
Charles Darwin
theory of evolution
40 terms
Cognition Quizzes - AP Pyschology
The word chimps contains ________ phon…
In attempting to find and purchase hig…
When you add s to the word apple you a…
The two-word stage of language develop…
5;2
a heuristic
semantics
24
The word chimps contains ________ phon…
5;2
In attempting to find and purchase hig…
a heuristic
10 terms
AP Pyschology, Unit 1 - Pyschological Subfields
developmental psychologists
cognitive psychologists
educational psychologists
personality psychologists
studying our changing abilities
experimenting with how we perceive, think, and solve problems
studying influences on teaching and learning
investigating our persitent traits
developmental psychologists
studying our changing abilities
cognitive psychologists
experimenting with how we perceive, think, and solve problems
42 terms
AP PYSCHOLOGY RESEARCH METHODS
central tendencies
mean
median
mode
the middle of a data set or where the scores in a data send t…
the average, adding up all provided numbers and dividing by t…
the middle value in a rage of values. At the medium 50% of al…
most commonly occurring number in a set of number. If two num…
central tendencies
the middle of a data set or where the scores in a data send t…
mean
the average, adding up all provided numbers and dividing by t…
28 terms
AP Pyschology unit 7b
Cognition
Concept
Prototype
Algorithm
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new it…
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solvi…
Cognition
the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Concept
a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
21 terms
AP Pyschology- Prologue
structuralism
functionalism
behaviorism
humanistic psychology
a school of psychology that studied the brain's structure by…
a school of psychology that studied how our mental and behavi…
a school of psychology that studied human behavior not linked…
a school of psychology that studied the potential of humans a…
structuralism
a school of psychology that studied the brain's structure by…
functionalism
a school of psychology that studied how our mental and behavi…
16 terms
ap pyschology prologue
psychology
wilhelm wundt
edward titchener
introspection
the study of behavior and mental processes
established the 1st psychological laboratory
used introspection to identify basic elements of mind and to…
uses self-reflective observation of one's own sensations and…
psychology
the study of behavior and mental processes
wilhelm wundt
established the 1st psychological laboratory
13 terms
AP Pyschology Key Contributors
Wilhelm Wundt
G. Stanley Hall
William James
Mary Whiton Calkins
He studied the "atoms of the mind" - the fastest ,most simple…
He established the first FORMAL Psychology laboratory at John…
He encouraged the exploration of down-to-earth emotions, memo…
She joined James' graduate seminar. Once she joined, all the…
Wilhelm Wundt
He studied the "atoms of the mind" - the fastest ,most simple…
G. Stanley Hall
He established the first FORMAL Psychology laboratory at John…
37 terms
Memory Unit AP Pyschology
Memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
The processing of information into the memory system- for exa…
The retention of encoded information over time.
The process of getting information out of memory storage.
Memory
The persistence of learning over time through the storage and…
Encoding
The processing of information into the memory system- for exa…
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