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Study sets matching "ap science earth environmental"

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Study sets matching "ap science earth environmental"

134 terms
AP Environmental Science (The Earth)
Unit of time (Largest to smallest)
Procaryotes
Eucaryotes
When did Earth form?
Eon -> Eras -> Periods -> Epochs -> Stages
Organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Ex: Bact…
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleus and other structures…
4.6 billion years ago
Unit of time (Largest to smallest)
Eon -> Eras -> Periods -> Epochs -> Stages
Procaryotes
Organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Ex: Bact…
134 terms
AP Environmental Science (The Earth)
Unit of time (Largest to smallest)
Procaryotes
Eucaryotes
When did Earth form?
Eon -> Eras -> Periods -> Epochs -> Stages
Organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Ex: Bact…
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleus and other structures…
4.6 billion years ago
Unit of time (Largest to smallest)
Eon -> Eras -> Periods -> Epochs -> Stages
Procaryotes
Organisms whose cells lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Ex: Bact…
49 terms
AP Environmental Science Earth Systems
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
79 terms
AP Environmental Science - Earth Systems
salination
phytoremediation
bioremediation
anticline
salt contamination of water or soils. This can occur due to e…
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of plants absorption of…
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of bacteria eating of c…
an upward fold in the rock profile
salination
salt contamination of water or soils. This can occur due to e…
phytoremediation
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of plants absorption of…
30 terms
AP Environmental-Earth Science
two causes of seasons
low pressure= what type of weather
high pressure= what type of weather
differences in air pressure causes...
revolution around sun and tilt
warm and wet
cool and dry
wind
two causes of seasons
revolution around sun and tilt
low pressure= what type of weather
warm and wet
45 terms
AP Environmental Science-The Earth
Precambrian Era
Paleozoic Era
Mesozoic Era
Cenozoic Era
Between Earth's start and 570 million years ago and contained…
Between 225 and 570 million years ago; saw the expansion of r…
Between 225 and 65 million years ago; the age of dinosaurs, t…
Roughly 2 million years ago; the first humans; saw an increas…
Precambrian Era
Between Earth's start and 570 million years ago and contained…
Paleozoic Era
Between 225 and 570 million years ago; saw the expansion of r…
17 terms
AP Environmental Science- The Earth
Mesozoic Era
Paleozoic Era
Cenozoic Era
Soil and Water Conservation Act
Continents drifted apart... Warm climate played impt role for ev…
Earth broke apart into small continents and formed Pangea... Fir…
Most recent of geological eras... Continents moved into current…
Evaluates condition of U.S. soil and water
Mesozoic Era
Continents drifted apart... Warm climate played impt role for ev…
Paleozoic Era
Earth broke apart into small continents and formed Pangea... Fir…
20 terms
AP Environmental Science The Solid Earth
Subduction
Core
Mantle
Asthenosphere
Heavy ocean plate melts at mantle
Innermost zone of earth, solid inner, molten nickel and iron…
Surrounds core, solid rock
Mantle, slowly flowing rock
Subduction
Heavy ocean plate melts at mantle
Core
Innermost zone of earth, solid inner, molten nickel and iron…
29 terms
AP Environmental Science: The Earth
P Waves
S Waves
Haiti
Tohoku Earthquake
Body waves that travel through the Earth; expansion or contra…
Body waves that travel along the surface; move vertically or…
Site of a 2010 earthquake that killed 200,000 people and dest…
2011 Japan earthquake of 9.0 magnitude that caused an ensuing…
P Waves
Body waves that travel through the Earth; expansion or contra…
S Waves
Body waves that travel along the surface; move vertically or…
49 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems)
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
33 terms
AP Environmental Science: Earth Systems Ch 8
Earth Systems
Earth
Theory of Plate Tectonics
divergent
-
solid core, liquid core, outer core, mantle, crust (oceanic a…
plates move because of convection currents under the surface
plates move away... sea floor spreading
Earth Systems
-
Earth
solid core, liquid core, outer core, mantle, crust (oceanic a…
79 terms
AP Environmental Science - Earth Systems
salination
phytoremediation
bioremediation
anticline
salt contamination of water or soils. This can occur due to e…
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of plants absorption of…
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of bacteria eating of c…
an upward fold in the rock profile
salination
salt contamination of water or soils. This can occur due to e…
phytoremediation
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of plants absorption of…
11 terms
AP Environmental Earth Science Unit
Oceanic Crust
Continental Crust
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Material on the ocean floor, it is very dense because it is c…
Material that makes up land masses, it is buoyant and made up…
Thin outer shell of earth
Molten rock that is melted and flows when under pressure
Oceanic Crust
Material on the ocean floor, it is very dense because it is c…
Continental Crust
Material that makes up land masses, it is buoyant and made up…
33 terms
AP Environmental Science: Earth Systems
core
mantle
crust
asthenosphere
the innermost zone of the planet of nickel and iron
above the core containing magma
the outermost layer of the planet
the outer part of the mantle, composed of semi-molten rock
core
the innermost zone of the planet of nickel and iron
mantle
above the core containing magma
37 terms
AP Environmental Science: The Good Earth
Hydroponics
Leaching
Weathering
Weathering agent
Refers to plants grown in nutrient solutions
Water carries soluble compounds and soil components from the…
Process of breaking rocks apart and removing minerals
The chemical and physical forces that break rock apart
Hydroponics
Refers to plants grown in nutrient solutions
Leaching
Water carries soluble compounds and soil components from the…
79 terms
AP Environmental Science - Earth Systems
salination
phytoremediation
bioremediation
anticline
salt contamination of water or soils. This can occur due to e…
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of plants absorption of…
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of bacteria eating of c…
an upward fold in the rock profile
salination
salt contamination of water or soils. This can occur due to e…
phytoremediation
cleaning up polluted soils by the use of plants absorption of…
70 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems) Ash, Earths Layers
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
49 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems)
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
AP Environmental Science - Earth Systems and Resources Review
Eon Era Period Epoch Stages
Superposition
Cenozoic
Mesozoic
Order from longest to shortest: ... Era Epoch Period Stages Eon
The lower layers of rock are older than the upper ones
Era of humans
Era of dinosaurs and birds
Eon Era Period Epoch Stages
Order from longest to shortest: ... Era Epoch Period Stages Eon
Superposition
The lower layers of rock are older than the upper ones
43 terms
AP Earth and Environmental Science #1
Environment
Environmental Science
System
Ecosystem
surroundings, atmospheres
a branch of biology focused on the study of relationships of…
a set of principles or procedures according to which somethin…
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Environment
surroundings, atmospheres
Environmental Science
a branch of biology focused on the study of relationships of…
26 terms
Earth and Environmental Science: volcanoes
composite volcano
composite volcano
cinder cone volcano
cinder cone volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
A small, steeply sloped volcano that forms from moderately ex…
composite volcano
composite volcano
a tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
25 terms
AP Environmental Science: Earth Systems
Atmospheric Convection Cells
Ferrell Cels
O horizon
Organic Sedimentary
Main cause for stripped pattern of biomes across the globe, a…
Atmospheric convection cells responsible for westerlies
soil horizon with the greatest amount of organic nutrients
Rocks formed by deposition of dead organisms
Atmospheric Convection Cells
Main cause for stripped pattern of biomes across the globe, a…
Ferrell Cels
Atmospheric convection cells responsible for westerlies
20 terms
AP Environmental Science The Solid Earth
Subduction
Core
Mantle
Asthenosphere
Heavy ocean plate melts at mantle
Innermost zone of earth, solid inner, molten nickel and iron…
Surrounds core, solid rock
Mantle, slowly flowing rock
Subduction
Heavy ocean plate melts at mantle
Core
Innermost zone of earth, solid inner, molten nickel and iron…
32 terms
AP Environmental Earth Science QUiz
Parts of the Earth's Surface
Units of Time
Principle of Superposition
Formation of Igneous Rock
Solid Inner Core... Liquid Outer Core... Mantle... Crust
Eon... Era... Period... Epoch
Any given layer of the is probably older than the layers abov…
Volcanic magma solidifies (granite)
Parts of the Earth's Surface
Solid Inner Core... Liquid Outer Core... Mantle... Crust
Units of Time
Eon... Era... Period... Epoch
60 terms
Earth Systems Chapter 8 AP Environmental Science
*The availability of Earth's resources…
describe the layers of the earth
*The Earth is dynamic and constantly c…
what are the 3 steps of the Earth's ge…
...
1. core: dense mass made up of nickel and iron, inner= liqu…
...
tectonic cycle, rock cycle, soil formation
*The availability of Earth's resources…
...
describe the layers of the earth
1. core: dense mass made up of nickel and iron, inner= liqu…
46 terms
AP Environmental Science Vocab Ch 3,7,9 Earth Systems
abiotic
biotic
inquiry
environment
Any nonliving component of an environment
Living components
a process of learning that starts with asking questions and t…
sum of all of the living organisms and nonliving components (…
abiotic
Any nonliving component of an environment
biotic
Living components
38 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 1 (Studying the State of our Earth)
Environment
Environmental Science
System
Ecosystem
Sum of all conditions that influence life
Field that looks at interactions between human systems and th…
Set of interacting components -> exchange energy/materials.
Particular location on earth that includes living/nonliving t…
Environment
Sum of all conditions that influence life
Environmental Science
Field that looks at interactions between human systems and th…
55 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter Eight: Earth Systems
core
mantle
magma
asthenosphere
in reference to Earth, the innermost layer.
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock.
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
core
in reference to Earth, the innermost layer.
mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
77 terms
AP Environmental Science Review - Earth Systems
Radiation
Conduction
Convection
Core
Energy that is carried by a photon, through space, from one p…
One particle collides with another and as a result, energy is…
Energy-containing particles move from one place to another be…
Earth's center; nickel and iron
Radiation
Energy that is carried by a photon, through space, from one p…
Conduction
One particle collides with another and as a result, energy is…
49 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems)
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
38 terms
AP Environmental Science - Earth Systems and Resources Review
Eon Era Period Epoch Stages
Superposition
Cenozoic
Mesozoic
Order from longest to shortest: ... Era Epoch Period Stages Eon
The lower layers of rock are older than the upper ones
Era of humans
Era of dinosaurs and birds
Eon Era Period Epoch Stages
Order from longest to shortest: ... Era Epoch Period Stages Eon
Superposition
The lower layers of rock are older than the upper ones
56 terms
AP Environmental Science- Chapter Eight: Earth Systems
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
in reference to Earth, the innermost layer
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
in reference to Earth, the innermost layer
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma
90 terms
AP Environmental Science: Earth Processes/Soil Unit
Agriculture
Bedrock
Cropland
Industrialized Agriculture
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops and raising…
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up earths crust.
Land that humans use to raise plants for food and fiber.
A form of agriculture that uses large scale mechanization and…
Agriculture
The practice of cultivating soil, producing crops and raising…
Bedrock
The continuous mass of solid rock that makes up earths crust.
56 terms
AP Environmental Science: Earth Science Concepts
Geoglogical Time
James Hutton
Principle of Uniformitarianism
Relative Time Measurements
Describes time over millions of years
A Scottish scientist who is known as the father of modern geo…
Hutton's theory that suggested that changes in the Earth's su…
Describe relationships between earth layers and soil samples
Geoglogical Time
Describes time over millions of years
James Hutton
A Scottish scientist who is known as the father of modern geo…
33 terms
AP Environmental Science: Earth Science Concepts
James Hutton
Relative time measurements
Nicolaus Steno Principles of geologica…
Principle of Superposition
Father of modern geology- studied layers of the earth
relationships between earth layers and soil samples reveal age
Principle of superposition, principle of original horizontali…
undisturbed layers piled on top of each other over time--> us…
James Hutton
Father of modern geology- studied layers of the earth
Relative time measurements
relationships between earth layers and soil samples reveal age
81 terms
AP Environmental Science-Earth's Interdependent Systems
Core
Mantle
Asthenosphere
lithosphere
innermost zone of the Earth's layer... Two parts:... Solid inner co…
layer of Earth surrounding the core, made mostly of solid rock
slowly flowing rock near the mantle
a thin rigid layer of rock, outermost layer of Earth... Contains…
Core
innermost zone of the Earth's layer... Two parts:... Solid inner co…
Mantle
layer of Earth surrounding the core, made mostly of solid rock
75 terms
The Planet Earth AP Environmental Science Quiz
What increases with depth in the earth?
How can the Earth's layered structure…
Compositional Layering
Crust
Density (mass/ volume), temperature, and pressure
Layers of different chemical composition and layers of differ…
Crust... Mantle... Core
Variable thickness and composition... Continental 10-70 km thick…
What increases with depth in the earth?
Density (mass/ volume), temperature, and pressure
How can the Earth's layered structure…
Layers of different chemical composition and layers of differ…
66 terms
AP Environmental Science Review - The Earth (10-15%)
A Layer
Asthenosphere
B Layer
Basalt
The topsoil. In most mature soils, it is teeming with bacteri…
A zone of hot, partly melted rock that flows and can be defor…
The subsoil, consisting of varying mixtures of sand and silt.
a dark, fine-grained volcanic rock that sometimes displays a…
A Layer
The topsoil. In most mature soils, it is teeming with bacteri…
Asthenosphere
A zone of hot, partly melted rock that flows and can be defor…
12 terms
AP Environmental Science Biomes
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Temperate Grassland
Temperate Rainforest
Tropical Rainforest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Precipitati…
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extre…
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Large amoun…
-Warm all year round... -Very high amount of precipitation (300-…
Temperate Deciduous Forest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Precipitati…
Temperate Grassland
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extre…
13 terms
AP Environmental Science: What is Earth Made Of?
Mantle
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Crust
Layer made mostly of solid rock that surrounds the outer core.
The outermost layer of the earth, a thin layer made of rigid…
A layer of slow moving rock in the upper mantle under the lit…
The solid surface of the Earth.
Mantle
Layer made mostly of solid rock that surrounds the outer core.
Lithosphere
The outermost layer of the earth, a thin layer made of rigid…
10 terms
AP Environmental Science Biomes
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Temperate Grassland
Temperate Rainforest
Tropical Rainforest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Precipitati…
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extre…
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Large amoun…
-Warm all year round... -Very high amount of precipitation (300-…
Temperate Deciduous Forest
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (Seasonal Variation)... -Precipitati…
Temperate Grassland
-Cool Winters, Warm Summers (seasonal variation is more extre…
29 terms
AP Environmental Science Review: Earth Systems and Resources
What are the six main spheres that the…
What is the Cryosphere?
What is the Hydrosphere?
What is the Biosphere?
Cryosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Atmosphere, Geosphere, an…
All the ice on Earth is part of the Cryosphere... Ex: Glaciers a…
All the water in oceans, rivers, lakes, streams, and undergro…
Every living thing on Earth, including all plants, animals, a…
What are the six main spheres that the…
Cryosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Atmosphere, Geosphere, an…
What is the Cryosphere?
All the ice on Earth is part of the Cryosphere... Ex: Glaciers a…
29 terms
AP Environmental Earth Science Chapter 6,
What are three type of rock?
Lithosphere
As earth slowly cooled
The correct vertical zonation of Earth…
igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
a rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
lighter elements moved to the surface and heavier elements sa…
mantle, astenosphere lithosphere, soil
What are three type of rock?
igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic
Lithosphere
a rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
55 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter Eight: Earth Systems
core
mantle
magma
asthenosphere
in reference to Earth, the innermost layer.
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock.
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
core
in reference to Earth, the innermost layer.
mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
8 terms
Earth and Environmental Science
Thrust fault
Normal fault
Transform fault
Compression forces
...
...
Thrust fault
Normal fault
66 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems) Ash
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
33 terms
AP Environmental Science: Nuclear
Isotope
Radioactive isotope
Alpha particles
Beta particles
two atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutr…
An atom with too many protons or neutrons that spontaneously…
Type of radioactive decay, is a helium nuclei, stopped by skin
Type of radioactive decay, electrons stopped by clothing, gla…
Isotope
two atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutr…
Radioactive isotope
An atom with too many protons or neutrons that spontaneously…
7 terms
AP Environmental Test Review (Earth Science Concepts)
Geological Time Scale
Earth Structure
Plate Tectonics
Earthquakes
The period of time covering the physical formation of the pla…
The planet is layer like an onion. The earth has a solid crus…
Theory that the Earth's crust moves slowly across the mantle.
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
Geological Time Scale
The period of time covering the physical formation of the pla…
Earth Structure
The planet is layer like an onion. The earth has a solid crus…
48 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 8 (Earth Systems)
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Above core. Molten rock
Molten Rock
Located in the outer part of mantle, made of semi-molten, fle…
Core
Innermost zone. Dense mass made up of nickle and iron. Solid…
Mantle
Above core. Molten rock
111 terms
Earth's Interdependent Systems- AP Environmental Science
Age of Earth
Core
Inner core
Outer core
4.5 to 4.8 billion years old
Intermost zone of the earth; has two parts (the inner core an…
A part of the core. Composed mostly of nickel and iron; is so…
A part of the core. Composed mostly of iron and sulfur; semi-…
Age of Earth
4.5 to 4.8 billion years old
Core
Intermost zone of the earth; has two parts (the inner core an…
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