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40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1 Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
59 terms
Exploring Data- AP statistics- chapter 1
Data Analysis
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Varibale
To help understand data, it is organized, displayed, summariz…
Are the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may b…
Any characteristics of an individual. A variable can take dif…
Places an individual into one of several groups or categories
Data Analysis
To help understand data, it is organized, displayed, summariz…
Individuals
Are the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may b…
40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1: Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
30 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 1 (Exploring Data)
Individuals
Variable
Categorical variable
Quantitative variable
The objects described by a set of data; may be people, animal…
Any characteristic of an individual; can take different value…
Places an individual into one of several groups
Takes numerical values for which it makes sense to find an av…
Individuals
The objects described by a set of data; may be people, animal…
Variable
Any characteristic of an individual; can take different value…
40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1 Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
AP Statistics Module 1: Exploring Univariate Data
statistics
population
sample
individuals
the science of gaining information from numerical data
group of interest
subgroup of the population meant to represent the population
objects being described by data set
statistics
the science of gaining information from numerical data
population
group of interest
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1: Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1: Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1 Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
42 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1 Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
38 terms
AP Statistics TPS5e Chapter 1 - exploring data
stem & leaf plot or stemplot
back-to-back stem & leaf plot or back-…
dotplot
histogram
a graph of a distribution of quantitative data in which all b…
a stem-and-leaf plot or stemplot that is used to compare dist…
a graph of a distribution of quantitative data in which each…
a graph of a distribution of quantitative data in which nearb…
stem & leaf plot or stemplot
a graph of a distribution of quantitative data in which all b…
back-to-back stem & leaf plot or back-…
a stem-and-leaf plot or stemplot that is used to compare dist…
40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1: Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
26 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 1: Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
The objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Any characteristic of and individual. A variable can take dif…
Places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
Takes numerical values for which it makes sense to find an av…
Individuals
The objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
Any characteristic of and individual. A variable can take dif…
24 terms
AP Statistics- Chapter 1: Exploring Data
individuals
conditional
categorical
variable
the objects described by a set of data
describes the distribution of values of a categorical variabl…
a variable that places an individual into one or several grou…
a characteristic of an individual that can take different val…
individuals
the objects described by a set of data
conditional
describes the distribution of values of a categorical variabl…
24 terms
AP Statistics Chap 1: Exploring Data
Individual
Categorical
Quanitative
Distribution
objects described by data
label variables
numerical variables
administration of a variable that tells us what value the var…
Individual
objects described by data
Categorical
label variables
41 terms
AP Statistics Unit 2 Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Varible
...
...
Individuals/subjects are placed into one of several groups or…
A variable that is defined in terms of a numerical value: Mea…
Individuals
...
Variable
...
50 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1 Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data
any characteristic of an individual
places an individual into one of several groups or categories
takes numerical values for which it makes sense to find an av…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data
Variable
any characteristic of an individual
17 terms
Chapter One AP Statistics Exploring Data - John & Jason
stemplot
clusters
histogram
frequencies
Represents data by separating each value into two parts: the…
these are formed when there is a gap between the data
This breaks the range of values of a variable into classes an…
the counts of the number of individuals in each class
stemplot
Represents data by separating each value into two parts: the…
clusters
these are formed when there is a gap between the data
40 terms
AP Statistics- Unit 1: Exploring Data
statistics
data
quantitative data
qualitative (categorical) data
the science of data
systematically recorded information
takes on a numerical value
places an individual into one of several groups/categories
statistics
the science of data
data
systematically recorded information
30 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 1: Exploring Data
data analysis
individuals
variables
categorical variable
process of describing data using graphs and numerical summaries
objects described by a set of data; may be people, animals, o…
characteristics of an individual; can take different values f…
variable that places an individual into one of several groups…
data analysis
process of describing data using graphs and numerical summaries
individuals
objects described by a set of data; may be people, animals, o…
10 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 1: Exploring Data
Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorial Variable (Qualitative)
Collection of statistics relayed into a certain situation wit…
The living or non-living things that you are describing with…
Quality that can be observed in an individual
A statistical individual put into a group based on its variable
Data
Collection of statistics relayed into a certain situation wit…
Individuals
The living or non-living things that you are describing with…
21 terms
AP Statistics- Unit 1: Exploring Bivariate Data
response variable... (dependent variable)
explanatory variable... (independent vari…
scatterplots
direction
measures the outcome of any study and is plotted on the y axis
influences the response variable and is plotted on the x axis
graphs used to find the relationships between 2 quantitative…
the overall pattern moves up, left to right (+) or down, left…
response variable... (dependent variable)
measures the outcome of any study and is plotted on the y axis
explanatory variable... (independent vari…
influences the response variable and is plotted on the x axis
27 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 1 Exploring Data
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
Objects described by a set of data. ... E.g. People, animals, th…
- Any characteristic of an individual... - Can take different va…
Places an individual into one of several groups or categories
Takes numerical values for which arithmetic operations such a…
Individuals
Objects described by a set of data. ... E.g. People, animals, th…
Variable
- Any characteristic of an individual... - Can take different va…
41 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 1: Exploring Data Vocabulary
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
Individuals are objects described by a set of data. Individua…
A variable is any characteristic of an individual. A variable…
A categorical variable places an individual into one of sever…
A quantitative variable takes numerical values for which arit…
Individuals
Individuals are objects described by a set of data. Individua…
Variable
A variable is any characteristic of an individual. A variable…
138 terms
AP Statistics
context
data
data table
case
ideally tells who was measured, what was measured, how the da…
systematically recorded information, whether numbers or label…
an arrangement of data in which each row represents a case an…
an individual about whom or which we have data
context
ideally tells who was measured, what was measured, how the da…
data
systematically recorded information, whether numbers or label…
83 terms
AP Statistics
Statistical Significance
Non-Response Bias
P-Value
Empirical Rule
An observed effect too large to attribute plausibly to chance.
Bias introduced to a sample when a large fraction of those sa…
found by substituting the x-value in the regression equation;…
A statistical rule stating that for a normal distribution, al…
Statistical Significance
An observed effect too large to attribute plausibly to chance.
Non-Response Bias
Bias introduced to a sample when a large fraction of those sa…
61 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary
Symmetric
Parameter
Statistic
Median
data on which both sides are fairly the same shape and size.…
value of a population (typically unknown)
a calculated value about a population from a sample(s).
the middle point of the data (50th percentile) when the data…
Symmetric
data on which both sides are fairly the same shape and size.…
Parameter
value of a population (typically unknown)
10 terms
Chapter 1 exploring data AP Statistics part 1
Distribution
Range
Dotplot
Symmetric
Distribution of a variable tells us what values the variable…
Maximum value minus minimum value for a set of quantitative d…
One of the simplest graphs to construct and interpret/each da…
A distribution is roughly symmetric if the right and left sid…
Distribution
Distribution of a variable tells us what values the variable…
Range
Maximum value minus minimum value for a set of quantitative d…
114 terms
AP Statistics Exam Review
What is a dotplot?
What's the difference between categori…
What is a bar chart?
What are histograms?
A graphical display which shows "dots" for each point. It's g…
Categorical data fits into various categories; whereas, quant…
A display for categorical data which indicates frequencies or…
Histograms are good for large quantitative data sets- either…
What is a dotplot?
A graphical display which shows "dots" for each point. It's g…
What's the difference between categori…
Categorical data fits into various categories; whereas, quant…
114 terms
AP Statistics Exam Review
What is a dotplot?
What's the difference between categori…
What is a bar chart?
What are histograms?
A graphical display which shows "dots" for each point. It's g…
Categorical data fits into various categories; whereas, quant…
A display for categorical data which indicates frequencies or…
Histograms are good for large quantitative data sets- either…
What is a dotplot?
A graphical display which shows "dots" for each point. It's g…
What's the difference between categori…
Categorical data fits into various categories; whereas, quant…
40 terms
AP Statistics Symbols
Predicted y-value
y-intercept
Slope
Correlation coefficient
Predicted y-value
y-intercept
23 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 3 VOCAB
Response Variable
Explanatory Variable
Scatterplot
Positive Association
measures an outcome of a study
may help explain or predict changes in a response variable
shows the relationship between two quantitative variables mea…
data points that generally go upward from left to right, some…
Response Variable
measures an outcome of a study
Explanatory Variable
may help explain or predict changes in a response variable
17 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 5 Vocab
Probability
Law of Large Numbers
Simulation
Sample Space (S)
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
An imitation of chance behavior based on a chance model that…
The set of all possible outcomes of a chance process.
Probability
A number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of tim…
Law of Large Numbers
If we observe more and more repetitions of any chance process…
138 terms
AP Statistics
context
data
data table
case
ideally tells who was measured, what was measured, how the da…
systematically recorded information, whether numbers or label…
an arrangement of data in which each row represents a case an…
an individual about whom or which we have data
context
ideally tells who was measured, what was measured, how the da…
data
systematically recorded information, whether numbers or label…
21 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 2 Vocab
Percentile
Frequency Graph
Relative Frequency Graph
Cumulative Relative Frequency Graph
the value in a data set with p percent of values lower than i…
A graph showing the counts (or frequency) of each class in a…
A graph showing the percent values of each class from the who…
The cumulative relative frequency of successive class is the…
Percentile
the value in a data set with p percent of values lower than i…
Frequency Graph
A graph showing the counts (or frequency) of each class in a…
40 terms
AP Statistics Vocabulary Chapter 1
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variable
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
places an individual into one of several groups or categories.
take numerical values for which it makes sense to find an ave…
Individuals
the objects described by a set of data. Individuals may be pe…
Variable
any characteristic of an individual. A variable can take diff…
50 terms
AP Statistics
categorical data
continuous data
data
data collection
Data are categorical if they are in the form of names or labe…
Measured data that can be whole numbers, fractions, or decima…
The plural form of the word datum. A collection of pieces of…
Gathering information for selected population members through…
categorical data
Data are categorical if they are in the form of names or labe…
continuous data
Measured data that can be whole numbers, fractions, or decima…
9 terms
AP Statistics - Regression II
Residual Plot
Outlier
Influential Point
LN Transformation
1) Residual = Observed Value - Predicted Value... e = y - ŷ = Ob…
Data points that stand away from body of distribution. 1.5 IQ…
A point that omitted from analysis gives a very different mod…
LN(y)=LN(ax+b)
Residual Plot
1) Residual = Observed Value - Predicted Value... e = y - ŷ = Ob…
Outlier
Data points that stand away from body of distribution. 1.5 IQ…
99 terms
AP Statistics
Individuals
Variable
Categorical Variable
Quantitative Variables
The objects described by a set of data. Can be people, animal…
Any characteristic of an individual.
Type of variable that places an individual into one of severa…
Type of variable that takes numerical values for which it mak…
Individuals
The objects described by a set of data. Can be people, animal…
Variable
Any characteristic of an individual.
120 terms
AP Statistics
5 number summary
z score
standard deviation
population
The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, an…
a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from t…
A statistical measure of how far away each value is, on avera…
(statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which sampl…
5 number summary
The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, an…
z score
a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from t…
39 terms
AP Statistics: Unit 1 Vocabulary
Population
Sample
Sampling
Census
The entire group of individuals we want data or information a…
The subset of population we collect data from.
Studying a part to gain info about the whole (studying the sa…
Contacts every individual of the population.
Population
The entire group of individuals we want data or information a…
Sample
The subset of population we collect data from.
20 terms
AP STATISTICS
population mean
sample mean
population size
sample size
N
n
population mean
sample mean
120 terms
AP Statistics
5 number summary
z score
standard deviation
population
The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, an…
a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from t…
A statistical measure of how far away each value is, on avera…
(statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which sampl…
5 number summary
The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, an…
z score
a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from t…
90 terms
AP Statistics
Type I Error
Type II Error
z-distribution
normal
Type 1 Error (level of significance-alpha):... FALSE POSITIVE: I…
Type 2 Error (Statistical power-beta): ... FALSE NEGATIVE: Failu…
The standard normal distribution (z distribution) is a normal…
a bell-shaped curve, describing the spread of a characteristi…
Type I Error
Type 1 Error (level of significance-alpha):... FALSE POSITIVE: I…
Type II Error
Type 2 Error (Statistical power-beta): ... FALSE NEGATIVE: Failu…
144 terms
AP Statistics
individuals
variable
categorical variable
quantitative variable
objects (people, animals, things) described by a set of data
any characteristic of an individual
places an individual into one of several groups or categories…
takes numerical values for which it makes sense to find an av…
individuals
objects (people, animals, things) described by a set of data
variable
any characteristic of an individual
83 terms
AP Statistics
Statistical Significance
Non-Response Bias
P-Value
Empirical Rule
An observed effect too large to attribute plausibly to chance.
Bias introduced to a sample when a large fraction of those sa…
found by substituting the x-value in the regression equation;…
A statistical rule stating that for a normal distribution, al…
Statistical Significance
An observed effect too large to attribute plausibly to chance.
Non-Response Bias
Bias introduced to a sample when a large fraction of those sa…
28 terms
AP Statistics Q1 Review
Mean
Median
Shifting (adding and subtracting)
Scaling (multiplying or dividing data)
The sum of the data set divided by the number of data items
The middle number when the data is in order from least to gre…
Does not affect s.d., IQR or range (measures of spread) affec…
Affects s.d., IQR, range, mean, and 5 number summary
Mean
The sum of the data set divided by the number of data items
Median
The middle number when the data is in order from least to gre…
194 terms
AP Statistics
How do you check if there is outliers?
If a graph is skewed, should we calcul…
If a graph is roughly symmetrical, sho…
What is in the five number summary?
calculate IQR; anything above Q3+1.5(IQR) or below Q1-1.5(IQR…
median; it is resistant to skews and outliers
mean; generally is more accurate if the data has no outliers
Minimum, Q1, Median, Q3, Maximum
How do you check if there is outliers?
calculate IQR; anything above Q3+1.5(IQR) or below Q1-1.5(IQR…
If a graph is skewed, should we calcul…
median; it is resistant to skews and outliers
42 terms
AP Statistics
LSRL
standard deviation
outlier rule
linear transformations
Least Squares Regression Line: the linear fit that matches th…
Measures spread by giving the "typical" or "average" distance…
Upper Bound = Q3 + 1.5(IQR)... Lower Bound = Q1 - 1.5(IQR)... IQR =…
Adding "a" to every member of a data set adds "a" to the meas…
LSRL
Least Squares Regression Line: the linear fit that matches th…
standard deviation
Measures spread by giving the "typical" or "average" distance…
39 terms
AP Statistics - Chapter 4
Population
Sample
Sample Survey
Convenience Sample
The entire group of individuals about which we want information
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
A survey which is carried out using a sampling method, i.e. i…
Choosing individuals who are easiest to reach...almost guaran…
Population
The entire group of individuals about which we want information
Sample
The part of the population from which we actually collect inf…
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