#### Study sets matching "ap statistics set"

#### Study sets matching "ap statistics set"

5 number summary

z score

standard deviation

population

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

A statistical measure of how far away each value is, on averag…

(statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which sample…

5 number summary

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

z score

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

5 number summary

z score

standard deviation

population

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

A statistical measure of how far away each value is, on averag…

(statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which sample…

5 number summary

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

z score

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

Observational Study

Experiment

Convenience Sampling

Bias

Like experiments, oberservstional studies attempt to understan…

A controlled study in which the researcher attempts to underst…

Convenient to who is taking or giving the exam

The sampling method is biased if it systematically favors cert…

Observational Study

Like experiments, oberservstional studies attempt to understan…

Experiment

A controlled study in which the researcher attempts to underst…

How do you check if there is outliers?

If a graph is skewed, should we calcula…

If a graph is roughly symmetrical, shou…

What is in the five number summary?

calculate IQR; anything above Q3+1.5(IQR) or below Q1-1.5(IQR)…

median; it is resistant to skews and outliers

mean; generally is more accurate if the data has no outliers

Minimum, Q1, Median, Q3, Maximum

How do you check if there is outliers?

calculate IQR; anything above Q3+1.5(IQR) or below Q1-1.5(IQR)…

If a graph is skewed, should we calcula…

median; it is resistant to skews and outliers

Symmetric

Parameter

Statistic

Median

data on which both sides are fairly the same shape and size. "…

value of a population (typically unknown)

a calculated value about a population from a sample(s).

the middle point of the data (50th percentile) when the data i…

Symmetric

data on which both sides are fairly the same shape and size. "…

Parameter

value of a population (typically unknown)

5 number summary

z score

standard deviation

population

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

A statistical measure of how far away each value is, on averag…

(statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which sample…

5 number summary

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

z score

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

Statistical Significance

Non-Response Bias

P-Value

Empirical Rule

An observed effect too large to attribute plausibly to chance.

Bias introduced to a sample when a large fraction of those sam…

found by substituting the x-value in the regression equation;…

A statistical rule stating that for a normal distribution, alm…

Statistical Significance

An observed effect too large to attribute plausibly to chance.

Non-Response Bias

Bias introduced to a sample when a large fraction of those sam…

context

data

data table

variable

ideally tells who was measured, what was measured, how the dat…

systematically recorded information, whether numbers or labels…

an arrangement of data in which each row represents a case and…

holds information about the same characteristic for many cases

context

ideally tells who was measured, what was measured, how the dat…

data

systematically recorded information, whether numbers or labels…

Conditions for Bernoulli Trials

Geometric probability model

Mean & Standard Deviation of Geometic m…

Binomial probability model

1. There are two possible outcomes (success and failure).... 2. t…

- Tells us the probability for a random variable that counts t…

Mean = 1/p... SD = sqrt(q)/p

- Tells us the probabilty for a random variable that counts th…

Conditions for Bernoulli Trials

1. There are two possible outcomes (success and failure).... 2. t…

Geometric probability model

- Tells us the probability for a random variable that counts t…

5 number summary

z score

standard deviation

population

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

A statistical measure of how far away each value is, on averag…

(statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which sample…

5 number summary

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

z score

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

context

data

data table

case

ideally tells who was measured, what was measured, how the dat…

systematically recorded information, whether numbers or labels…

an arrangement of data in which each row represents a case and…

an individual about whom or which we have data

context

ideally tells who was measured, what was measured, how the dat…

data

systematically recorded information, whether numbers or labels…

Parameter

Statistic

Convenience Sample

Voluntary Response Sample

A calculation made from population data

A calculation made from sample data

Uses subjects that are readily available (no randomization)

Subjects choose to be part of the sample (no randomization)

Parameter

A calculation made from population data

Statistic

A calculation made from sample data

sampling

random

factors

units

studying a part in order to gain information about the whole

table of _____ digits can be used to select samples

another name for explanatory variables in an experiment

individuals on which an experiment is done

sampling

studying a part in order to gain information about the whole

random

table of _____ digits can be used to select samples

categorical data

continuous data

data

data collection

Data are categorical if they are in the form of names or label…

Measured data that can be whole numbers, fractions, or decimal…

The plural form of the word datum. A collection of pieces of i…

Gathering information for selected population members through…

categorical data

Data are categorical if they are in the form of names or label…

continuous data

Measured data that can be whole numbers, fractions, or decimal…

5 number summary

z score

standard deviation

population

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

A statistical measure of how far away each value is, on averag…

(statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which sample…

5 number summary

The minumum value, lower quartile, median, upper quartile, and…

z score

a measure of how many standard deviations you are away from th…

Statistics

Data

Variable

Quantitative Data

the science of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data

the numbers of information collected in a study or experiment

any characteristic of a person or thing that can be expressed…

numerical data - numerical values for which arithmetic operati…

Statistics

the science of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data

Data

the numbers of information collected in a study or experiment

Mean

IQR

Standard Deviation

Measures of Position

Sum of observations/Number of Observations

Q3-Q1... Resistant to outliers

Common measure of spread. How far each observation is from the…

Percentiles: Percentile tells us a data point's position relat…

Mean

Sum of observations/Number of Observations

IQR

Q3-Q1... Resistant to outliers

Population

Sample

Sampling

Census

The entire group of individuals we want data or information ab…

The subset of population we collect data from.

Studying a part to gain info about the whole (studying the sam…

Contacts every individual of the population.

Population

The entire group of individuals we want data or information ab…

Sample

The subset of population we collect data from.

point estimator

point estimate

C% confidence interval

margin of error

a statistic that provides an estimate of a population parameter

the value of a statistic from a sample

gives an interval of plausible values for a parameter... point es…

shows how close we believe our guess is, based on the variabil…

point estimator

a statistic that provides an estimate of a population parameter

point estimate

the value of a statistic from a sample

Mean

Median

Shifting (adding and subtracting)

Scaling (multiplying or dividing data)

The sum of the data set divided by the number of data items

The middle number when the data is in order from least to grea…

Does not affect s.d., IQR or range (measures of spread) affect…

Affects s.d., IQR, range, mean, and 5 number summary

Mean

The sum of the data set divided by the number of data items

Median

The middle number when the data is in order from least to grea…

Response Variable

Explanatory Variable

Scatterplot

Positive Association

Measures an outcome of a study

Helps explain or influences changes in a response variable

A graphed cluster of points each of which represents the value…

Data points that generally go upward from left to right, somew…

Response Variable

Measures an outcome of a study

Explanatory Variable

Helps explain or influences changes in a response variable

Random

Independent

Sample Space

With replacement the denominator is...

Individual outcomes are uncertain, however there is a regular…

The outcome of one trial does not influence/effect the outcome…

The set of all possible outcomes. Can be presented as a list o…

Constant

Random

Individual outcomes are uncertain, however there is a regular…

Independent

The outcome of one trial does not influence/effect the outcome…

Population

Sample

Observational Study

Experiment

The entire collection of individuals or objects that you want…

Part of the population selected for the study.

Investigators observe subjects and measure variables of intere…

Investigators apply the treatments to experimental units (peop…

Population

The entire collection of individuals or objects that you want…

Sample

Part of the population selected for the study.