#### Study sets matching "ap statistics"

#### Study sets matching "ap statistics"

Cell Body

Centration

Chemical Imbalance

Classical Conditioning

The main part of the neutron where information is produced.

A young child's tendency to focus on only his or her own pers…

A generic term for the idea that chemicals in the brain are e…

The behavioral technique of pairing a naturally occurring sti…

Cell Body

The main part of the neutron where information is produced.

Centration

A young child's tendency to focus on only his or her own pers…

The world's population should level ou…

The _______ caused the world populatio…

Human population grew very _______ the…

population dynamics

10 billion people

black death

slowly, rapidly

a general study of population changes

The world's population should level ou…

10 billion people

The _______ caused the world populatio…

black death

population in a statistics study

census

sample

How to sample badly-

the entire group of individuals we want information about

collects data from every individual in the population

a subset of individuals in the population

-convenience sample... -bias... -voluntary response bias

population in a statistics study

the entire group of individuals we want information about

census

collects data from every individual in the population

Place

Sunbelt

Toponym

Agricultural density

A specific point o earth distinguished by a particular charac…

The southern US from California to Florida, noted for resort…

The name given to a portion of earth's surface

The ratio of a number of farmers to the total amount of lands…

Place

A specific point o earth distinguished by a particular charac…

Sunbelt

The southern US from California to Florida, noted for resort…

Government

Monarchy

Totalitarianism

Oligarchy

the formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…

a form of government in which power is vested in hereditary k…

a form of government in which power resides in a leader who r…

a form of government in which the right to participate depend…

Government

the formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…

Monarchy

a form of government in which power is vested in hereditary k…

Hypothesis

Operational definitions

Independent variable

Dependent variable

A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study, a s…

Specific descriptions of concepts involving the conditions of…

A variable being changed.

A variable being measured.

Hypothesis

A statement predicting the outcome of a scientific study, a s…

Operational definitions

Specific descriptions of concepts involving the conditions of…

Intelligence

Factor analysis

General intelligence

Savant syndrome

Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…

A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…

A general intelligence factor that; according to spearman and…

A conditional j in which a person otherwise limited in mental…

Intelligence

Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experi…

Factor analysis

A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related i…

By seeking to measure "atoms of the mi…

Which philosopher proposed that nerve…

Who coined the term "tabula rasa" (bla…

Which of the following best describes…

Wilhelm Wundt

Rene Descartes

John Locke

Measuring the reaction time between hearing a sound and press…

By seeking to measure "atoms of the mi…

Wilhelm Wundt

Which philosopher proposed that nerve…

Rene Descartes

Wilhelm Wundt

functionalism.

personal conflicts existing at the unc…

the absolute refractory period.

Who is responsible for establishing psychology as an independ…

The school of psychology associated with understanding the pu…

Freud concluded that psychological disturbances are largely c…

The minimum length of time between actions potentials is dete…

Wilhelm Wundt

Who is responsible for establishing psychology as an independ…

functionalism.

The school of psychology associated with understanding the pu…

Mean, Standard Deviation, Variance, Ra…

Median, IQR

Standard deviation

Variance

Non resistant Statistics

Resistant Statistics

The average distance a set of numbers is from the mean

Standard deviation Squared

Mean, Standard Deviation, Variance, Ra…

Non resistant Statistics

Median, IQR

Resistant Statistics

Simple Random sample

Statistically significant

Correlation coefficient

Coefficient of determination

A sample where each group of and subjects has an equal chance…

When differences are more than what can be attributed to rand…

Measures the strength and direction of the linear association…

The percent of changes in y explained by changes in x

Simple Random sample

A sample where each group of and subjects has an equal chance…

Statistically significant

When differences are more than what can be attributed to rand…

Chompsky suggested that as a child fir…

In the word helped. The Ed ending is a

The specific body weight maintained au…

On orders from the cerebral cortex (vi…

Language acquisition device

Morpheme

set point

cortisol

Chompsky suggested that as a child fir…

Language acquisition device

In the word helped. The Ed ending is a

Morpheme

2)3 variables

2) AP psych students

3)how can random assignment be achieved?

4)which descriptive stats with you com…

-AP psych students pop... -review session (IV)... -higher score on…

recruit high school students in AP psych... higher scores.. mak…

by writing al the students names on a paper and pull them ran…

descriptively compute the means of the scores

2)3 variables

-AP psych students pop... -review session (IV)... -higher score on…

2) AP psych students

recruit high school students in AP psych... higher scores.. mak…

abiotic components

abscisic acid

achondroplasia

ACTH

The nonliving players in an ecosystem, such as climate and nu…

Plant hormone that inhibits cell growth, prevents premature g…

Autosomal dominant form of dwarfism seen in one out of 10,000…

See adrenocorticotropic hormone.

abiotic components

The nonliving players in an ecosystem, such as climate and nu…

abscisic acid

Plant hormone that inhibits cell growth, prevents premature g…

Arithmetic Density

Basic Demographic Equation

Crude birth rate

Crude Death Rate

A statistic of population density calculated by dividing a co…

A simple equation that holds that a country's population in a…

A simple measure of fertility that represents the number of c…

A measure of mortality that represents the number of deaths p…

Arithmetic Density

A statistic of population density calculated by dividing a co…

Basic Demographic Equation

A simple equation that holds that a country's population in a…

response variable (dependent; x)

explanatory variable (independent; y)

scatterplots

describing the direction of a scatterp…

measures the outcome of a study

may help predict changes in response variable

show the relationship between two quantitative variables meas…

Direction: either positive, negative, or no relationship

response variable (dependent; x)

measures the outcome of a study

explanatory variable (independent; y)

may help predict changes in response variable

hindsight bias

critical thinking

theory

hypothesis

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

Is rationally deciding what to believe or what to do. When on…

A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount o…

A testable prediction, often implied by a theory

hindsight bias

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

critical thinking

Is rationally deciding what to believe or what to do. When on…

Statistic

Parameter

Quantitive data

Qualitative data

Numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a sam…

Numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a pop…

Numbers, results are related to numbers - age

Words, results are words - color

Statistic

Numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a sam…

Parameter

Numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a pop…

mental ability

G factor

eugenics

savant syndrome

the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability t…

The underlying mental ability that Spearman tried to measure…

Encouraged only smart and fit people to reproduce.

Person has limited mental ability but has an exceptional spec…

mental ability

the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability t…

G factor

The underlying mental ability that Spearman tried to measure…

Mainenance Rehearsal

Elaborative Rehearsal

Episodic memory

Anagram

Memory aid by repeating over and over ... Ex: flashcards

Memory aid by making it meaningful to you

A category of LTM that involves recollection of specific even…

A word or phrase spelled by rearranging the letters of anothe…

Mainenance Rehearsal

Memory aid by repeating over and over ... Ex: flashcards

Elaborative Rehearsal

Memory aid by making it meaningful to you

Point Estimator

Point Estimate

Confidence Interval

Confidence Level

Statistic that provides an estimate of a population parameter

Specific value of a point estimator from a sample

Gives an interval of plausible values for a parameter. The in…

Success rate of the method for calculating the confidence int…

Point Estimator

Statistic that provides an estimate of a population parameter

Point Estimate

Specific value of a point estimator from a sample

Lewis Terman

Factor analysis

Aptitude test

Standardization

Revised 1st IQ test to include items for adults and use of IQ…

Statistical process that reveals common apescts among large g…

test designed to determine a person's ability in a particular…

requires all test takers to answer the same questions; compar…

Lewis Terman

Revised 1st IQ test to include items for adults and use of IQ…

Factor analysis

Statistical process that reveals common apescts among large g…

When Mr. Adams calculated his students…

As the number of randomly selected sur…

In an experiment testing whether a new…

A correlation coefficient is a measure…

mean

the sample becomes more and more like the population

a confounding variable

direction and strength of the relationship between two variab…

When Mr. Adams calculated his students…

mean

As the number of randomly selected sur…

the sample becomes more and more like the population

Authoritarian regime

bicameral legislature

unicameral legislature

cabinet coalition

System of rule in which power depends not on popular legitima…

An organizing of legislature consisting of two legislature ho…

An organizing of legislature consisting of one legislature ho…

where several parties join forces and are represented in diff…

Authoritarian regime

System of rule in which power depends not on popular legitima…

bicameral legislature

An organizing of legislature consisting of two legislature ho…

advanced democracies

authoritarian regime

causation

common law

the countries have well-established democratic governments an…

a system of rule in which power depends not on popular legiti…

a cause and effect relationship in which one variable control…

a legal system based on custom and court rulings

advanced democracies

the countries have well-established democratic governments an…

authoritarian regime

a system of rule in which power depends not on popular legiti…

What is intelligence?

What is ability?

What is aptitude?

What is laymen?

Abilities involved in learning and adaptive behavior

Skill one possess no training needed

Potential ability

Practical solving ability, verbal ability, and social compete…

What is intelligence?

Abilities involved in learning and adaptive behavior

What is ability?

Skill one possess no training needed

Hindsight Bias

Critical Thinking

Theory

Hypothesis

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…

An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…

A testable prediction often implied by a theory.

Hindsight Bias

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

Critical Thinking

Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…

Arithmetic Density

Basic Demographic Equation

Crude Birth Rate (CBR)

Crude Death Rate (CDR)

A statistic of population density calculated by dividing a co…

A simple equation that holds that a country's population in a…

A simple measure of Fertility that represents the number of c…

A measure of mortality that represents the number of deaths p…

Arithmetic Density

A statistic of population density calculated by dividing a co…

Basic Demographic Equation

A simple equation that holds that a country's population in a…

individuals

variable

categorical

quantitative

objects described by a set of data

any characteristic of an individual (can take different value…

type of variable that places an individual into one of severa…

type of variable that uses numerical values that an average c…

individuals

objects described by a set of data

variable

any characteristic of an individual (can take different value…

public opinion

public opinion polls

samples

straw poll

what the public thinks about a particular issue or set of iss…

interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used…

a subset of the whole population selected to be questioned fo…

unscientific survey used to gauge public opinion on a variety…

public opinion

what the public thinks about a particular issue or set of iss…

public opinion polls

interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used…

Noun

Verb

Adverb

Adjective

Person, place, or thing

A word that conveys an action, occurrence, or state of being.

A word that modifies a verb, adjective, determiner, noun, phr…

A word that qualifies a noun or noun phrase

Noun

Person, place, or thing

Verb

A word that conveys an action, occurrence, or state of being.

Types of Psychologists, majors, educat…

William James, Wilhelm Wundt, Aristotl…

Functionalism

Assumptions of psychology

Academic field:... Teaching, publications, writing, research... In…

William James "Adorable Genius": born in NYC 1842, child of p…

...

Many stereotype psychologists as a white male doctor... 50% are…

Types of Psychologists, majors, educat…

Academic field:... Teaching, publications, writing, research... In…

William James, Wilhelm Wundt, Aristotl…

William James "Adorable Genius": born in NYC 1842, child of p…

standardizing

standardized value

shifting

rescaling

in order to compare and combine if the original variables had…

a value found by subtracting the mean and dividing by the sta…

adding a constant to each data value adds the same constant t…

multiplying each data value by a constant multiplies both the…

standardizing

in order to compare and combine if the original variables had…

standardized value

a value found by subtracting the mean and dividing by the sta…

simple random sample

statistically significant

Correlation Coefficient (r)

Coefficient of Determination (r-squared)

a sample where each group of n subjects has an equal chance o…

when differences are more than what can be attributed to rand…

Measures the strength and direction of a linear association b…

the percent of changes in y that are explained by changes in x

simple random sample

a sample where each group of n subjects has an equal chance o…

statistically significant

when differences are more than what can be attributed to rand…

Demography

Census

Melting Pot

Minority Majority

the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or th…

an official count or survey of a population, typically record…

a place where different peoples, styles, theories, etc., are…

area is a term used in the United States to refer to a jurisd…

Demography

the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or th…

Census

an official count or survey of a population, typically record…

15th amendment

19th amendment

23rd amendment

24th amendment

Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race,…

Gave women the right to vote

Gives Washington DC electoral college votes as if it were a s…

Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1964) eliminated the poll…

15th amendment

Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race,…

19th amendment

Gave women the right to vote

what are the three bones of the pelvis

what are the two joints of the pelvis

Posterior Hip dislocation

Anterior hip dislocation presents how?

Ilium... Ischium... Sacrum

Hip - mobile... Sacroiliac - practically immobile

More common... Adducted, flexed, internally rotated

Abducted, flexed, externally rotated

what are the three bones of the pelvis

Ilium... Ischium... Sacrum

what are the two joints of the pelvis

Hip - mobile... Sacroiliac - practically immobile

Hindsight Bias

Overconfidence

Critical thinking

Scientific Method

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

We tend to think we know more than we do.

thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…

Is a standardized way of making observations, gathering data,…

Hindsight Bias

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

Overconfidence

We tend to think we know more than we do.

Abdicate

Amiable

dichotomy

Dissuade

give up, such as power, as of monarch and emperors, or duties…

having or showing pleasant, good-natured qualities; friendly;…

division into two parts, kinds; division into two mutually ex…

persuade not to do something

Abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarch and emperors, or duties…

Amiable

having or showing pleasant, good-natured qualities; friendly;…

frequency table

distribution

area principle

bar chart

lists the categories in a categorical variable and give the c…

gives the possible values of the variable and relative freque…

in a statistical display, each data value should be represent…

show a bar whose area represents the count or percentage of o…

frequency table

lists the categories in a categorical variable and give the c…

distribution

gives the possible values of the variable and relative freque…

Authoritarian regime

bicameral legislature

unicameral legislature

cabinet coalition

System of rule in which power depends not on popular legitima…

An organizing of legislature consisting of two legislature ho…

An organizing of legislature consisting of one legislature ho…

where several parties join forces and are represented in diff…

Authoritarian regime

System of rule in which power depends not on popular legitima…

bicameral legislature

An organizing of legislature consisting of two legislature ho…

Confidence interval typically uses thi…

Point estimate-true parameter value<ma…

Confidence interval for p

Margin of error for population proport…

Point estimatw +/- margin of error(represented by m)

In C% of all samples

^p +/- z*(the square root of) ^p(1-^p)/n

^p +/- z*(the square root of) ^p(1-^p)/n<m

Confidence interval typically uses thi…

Point estimatw +/- margin of error(represented by m)

Point estimate-true parameter value<ma…

In C% of all samples

ch 9 sampling distributions

parameter

statistic

sampling distribution

...

a number that describes the population

number that can be computed from the sample data without maki…

the distribution of values taken by the statistic in all poss…

ch 9 sampling distributions

...

parameter

a number that describes the population

critical thinking

hindsight bias

case study

hypothesis

thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

a descriptive technique in which one individual or group is s…

a testable prediction, often implied by a theory.

critical thinking

thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…

hindsight bias

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

Data

Statistics

Population

census

collection of observation such as measurements, genders, or s…

science of planning studies, experiments, obtaining data, and…

the complete collection of all measurements or data that are…

collection of data from EVERY member from population

Data

collection of observation such as measurements, genders, or s…

Statistics

science of planning studies, experiments, obtaining data, and…

Hindsight bias

Critical Thinking

Theory

Hypothesis

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…

An explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…

A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.

Hindsight bias

The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

Critical Thinking

Thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…

Operational Definition

Operational Definition of Dependent Va…

Explain how the ethical flaw in the st…

Explain how the research design flaw i…

...

the speed or time in which... participants recall definitions an…

The researcher should provide a participant's data individual…

The researcher should control for age by only including peopl…

Operational Definition

...

Operational Definition of Dependent Va…

the speed or time in which... participants recall definitions an…

Hindsight bias

Critical thinking

Theory

Hypothesis

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…

an explanation using an integrated set of principles that org…

a testable prediction

Hindsight bias

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…

Critical thinking

thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusio…