# Study sets matching "ap statistics"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

humor

glittering generalities

bandwagon

loaded language

using jokes, plays on words, clever pictures, or cartoons to a…

(one of the seven propaganda techniques) broad, unsupported st…

(one of the seven propaganda techniques) suggests "everybody i…

uses emotionally charged or strong words that evoke feelings o…

humor

using jokes, plays on words, clever pictures, or cartoons to a…

glittering generalities

(one of the seven propaganda techniques) broad, unsupported st…

Political culture

Political socialization

Political ideology

Political efficacy

widely shared beliefs, values, norms about government that a n…

process in which people aquire their political beliefs. Often…

integrated set of beliefs and values that shape a person's vie…

the citizens' faith and trust in government and their belief t…

Political culture

widely shared beliefs, values, norms about government that a n…

Political socialization

process in which people aquire their political beliefs. Often…

Simple Random Sample

Stratified Sampling

Multistage Samples

Cluster Sample

Everyone has an equal chance to be chosen

Separates (people/thing) into groups and (people/thing) are ra…

A type of sample that combines many different types of samplin…

Separates (people/thing) into groups every student is selected…

Simple Random Sample

Everyone has an equal chance to be chosen

Stratified Sampling

Separates (people/thing) into groups and (people/thing) are ra…

observational study

retrospective study

prospective study

experiment

based on data in which no manipulation of factors has been emp…

observational study in which subjects are selected & then thei…

observational study in which subjects are followed to observe…

manipulates factor levels to create treatments, randomly assig…

observational study

based on data in which no manipulation of factors has been emp…

retrospective study

observational study in which subjects are selected & then thei…

public opinion

polling

random sample

random digit dialing

the distribution of the population's beliefs about politics an…

Public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predic…

the key technique employed by sophisticated researchers, which…

A technique used by pollsters to place telephone calls randoml…

public opinion

the distribution of the population's beliefs about politics an…

polling

Public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predic…

acquaintance (n)

adolescent (n)

apparently (adv)

carry out (v)

a friend you do not know well / người quen

person between the ages of thirteen and nineteen / thiếu niên

seemingly / hiển nhiên

to do, perform / tiến hành, thực hiện

acquaintance (n)

a friend you do not know well / người quen

adolescent (n)

person between the ages of thirteen and nineteen / thiếu niên

Population

Sample

Sample Survey

Bias

the ENTIRE group

a representative SUBSET of the population used instead of usin…

survey taken from the sample to learn something about the enti…

voluntary response... under coverage of the population... nonrespons…

Population

the ENTIRE group

Sample

a representative SUBSET of the population used instead of usin…

1) Define Semantics

2) Define problem solving

3) What three sources did skinner feel…

4) What critique did Chomsky give towar…

Deriving meaning from sounds

Cognitive processes by which info is used to reach a goal bloc…

Imitation, reinforcement, and association

Language is learned too quickly to be experienced alone

1) Define Semantics

Deriving meaning from sounds

2) Define problem solving

Cognitive processes by which info is used to reach a goal bloc…

Observational Study

Experiment

Undercoverage Bias

Voluntary Response Bias

researchers do not try to influence the study

researchers impose some type of treatment on subjects and use…

occurs when part of population is excluded from the sample

occurs when sample is self-selected

Observational Study

researchers do not try to influence the study

Experiment

researchers impose some type of treatment on subjects and use…

distribution

histogram (relative frequency histogram)

stem-and-leaf display

dotplot

gives the possible values of the variable and the frequency or…

uses adjacent bars to show the distribution of values in a qua…

shows quantitative data values in a way that sketches the dist…

graphs a dot for each case against a single axis

distribution

gives the possible values of the variable and the frequency or…

histogram (relative frequency histogram)

uses adjacent bars to show the distribution of values in a qua…

What country has one-child policy

What country is becoming the most popul…

when did overall population reach 1 bil…

exponential growth

China

India

1800

small percentage growth rate still produces large increase due…

What country has one-child policy

China

What country is becoming the most popul…

India

frequency table

distribution

area principle

bar chart

lists the categories in a categorical variable and gives the c…

gives the possible values of the variable and the relative fre…

in a statistical display, each data value should be represente…

show a bar representing the count of each category in a catego…

frequency table

lists the categories in a categorical variable and gives the c…

distribution

gives the possible values of the variable and the relative fre…

context

data

data table

case

ideally, tells "who" was measured, "what" was measured, "how"…

systematically recorded information, whether numbers or labels…

an arrangement of data in which each row represents a case and…

an individual about whom or which we have data

context

ideally, tells "who" was measured, "what" was measured, "how"…

data

systematically recorded information, whether numbers or labels…

population

census

sample

sample survey

in a statistical study the entire group of individuals we want…

study that attempts to collect data from every individual in a…

subset of individuals in the population from which we collect

study that uses an organized plan to choose a sample that repr…

population

in a statistical study the entire group of individuals we want…

census

study that attempts to collect data from every individual in a…

theory

hypothesis

replication

case study

an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts ob…

a testable prediction, often implied by a theory

repeating the essence of a research study extending to other p…

one person is studied in depth in hope of revealing to other p…

theory

an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts ob…

hypothesis

a testable prediction, often implied by a theory

experiment

independent variable

dependent variable

Population

An investigation seeking to understand relations of cause and…

manipulated variable

variable that is measured

Group of interest

experiment

An investigation seeking to understand relations of cause and…

independent variable

manipulated variable

Parameter

statistic

sampling distribution

unbiased estimator

A number that describes some characteristic of the population

a number that describes a characteristic of a sample

The distribution of values taken by the statistic in all possi…

a statistic used to estimate a parameter

Parameter

A number that describes some characteristic of the population

statistic

a number that describes a characteristic of a sample

population

sample

sample survey

bias

the entire group of individuals or instances about whom we hop…

a subset of a population, examined in hope of learning about t…

a study that asks questions of a sample drawn from some popula…

any systematic failure of a sampling method to represen its po…

population

the entire group of individuals or instances about whom we hop…

sample

a subset of a population, examined in hope of learning about t…

population

sample

sample survey

bias

the entire group of individuals or instances about whom we hop…

a (representative) subset of a population, examined in hopes o…

A study that asks questions of a sample drawn from some popula…

Any systematic failure of a sampling method to represent its p…

population

the entire group of individuals or instances about whom we hop…

sample

a (representative) subset of a population, examined in hopes o…

How do you check if there is outliers?

If a graph is skewed, should we calcula…

If a graph is roughly symmetrical, shou…

What is in the five number summary?

calculate IQR; anything above Q3+1.5(IQR) or below Q1-1.5(IQR)…

median; it is resistant to skews and outliers

mean; generally is more accurate if the data has no outliers

Minimum, Q1, Median, Q3, Maximum

How do you check if there is outliers?

calculate IQR; anything above Q3+1.5(IQR) or below Q1-1.5(IQR)…

If a graph is skewed, should we calcula…

median; it is resistant to skews and outliers

Inference about a population

Inference About Cause and Effect

Lack of Realism

Institutional Review Board

Requires that the individuals taking part in a study be random…

This is allowed in well designed experiments that have randoml…

An experiment can prevent us from generalizing its results

Every study involving humans must be passed by the board

Inference about a population

Requires that the individuals taking part in a study be random…

Inference About Cause and Effect

This is allowed in well designed experiments that have randoml…

Demographics

15th Amendment

19th Amendment

26th Amendment

statistical data relating to the population and particular gro…

Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote b/c of race, color…

States cannot deny the right to vote based on gender

States cannot deny the right to vote based on age (18+)

Demographics

statistical data relating to the population and particular gro…

15th Amendment

Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote b/c of race, color…

Law of Large Numbers

Probability

Simulation

Two Way Table

when more and more repetitions of any chance process are obser…

number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of times…

the imitation of chance behavior

statistical table that shows the observed number or frequency…

Law of Large Numbers

when more and more repetitions of any chance process are obser…

Probability

number between 0 and 1 that describes the proportion of times…