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Study sets matching "ap u.s. government and politics chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "ap u.s. government and politics chapter 2"

17 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 2
representative assembly
natural rights
social contract
unicameral legislature
a legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
a voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
a legislature with only one legislative chamber
representative assembly
a legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
natural rights
rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
21 terms
AP U.S Government and Politics Chapter 2
Constitution
Declaration Of Independence
Natural Rights
Consent of the Government
A nation's basic law, creates political institutions, assigns…
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments…
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
Constitution
A nation's basic law, creates political institutions, assigns…
Declaration Of Independence
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics- Chapter 2
constitution
Declaration of Independence
natural rights
consent of the governed
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments…
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
constitution
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
Declaration of Independence
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
17 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 2
articles of confederation
anti-federalist party
Connecticut compromise
consent of the governed
-National Government: one-house congress that could declare w…
-George Mason and Richard Henry Lee were spokesmen of this pa…
-a.k.a. the Great Compromise... -resulted in the formation of a…
-the government derives its power from the people
articles of confederation
-National Government: one-house congress that could declare w…
anti-federalist party
-George Mason and Richard Henry Lee were spokesmen of this pa…
21 terms
AP U.S Government and Politics Chapter 2
Constitution
Declaration Of Independence
Natural Rights
Consent of the Government
A nation's basic law, creates political institutions, assigns…
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments…
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
Constitution
A nation's basic law, creates political institutions, assigns…
Declaration Of Independence
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
10 terms
[AP U.S. Government and Politics] Edwards Chapter 2 Vocab
Shay's Rebellion
Factions
New Jersey Plan
Virginia Plan
A series of attacks on courthouses by a small band of farmers…
Groups such as parties or interest groups, which according to…
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for…
The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for…
Shay's Rebellion
A series of attacks on courthouses by a small band of farmers…
Factions
Groups such as parties or interest groups, which according to…
24 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Midterm - Chapter 2
What are the three natural rights?
How did the colonies view British poli…
What kind of law did the colonists bel…
Direct Democracy
1. Life... 2. Liberty... 3. Property
•They viewed the British politicians as corrupt... •They believe…
A higher law that contained natural rights ordained by God
classical greek democracy; citizens vote to make decisions; t…
What are the three natural rights?
1. Life... 2. Liberty... 3. Property
How did the colonies view British poli…
•They viewed the British politicians as corrupt... •They believe…
17 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 2 Vocab
representative assembly
natural rights
social contract
unicameral legislature
legislature of population representatives
rights held to be inherent
agreement to be governed
legislature with one legislative chamber
representative assembly
legislature of population representatives
natural rights
rights held to be inherent
17 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 2 Vocab
representative assembly
natural rights
social contract
unicameral legislature
Legislature with the people's representatives
life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
Mutual agreement between people and government
one legislative chamber
representative assembly
Legislature with the people's representatives
natural rights
life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
17 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics Chapter 2 Vocab
representative assembly
natural rights
social contract
unicameral legislature
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
A legislature with only one legislative chamber, as opposed t…
representative assembly
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
natural rights
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
34 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics - Chapter 2 - The Constitution
John Locke
Charles Montesquieu
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Pennsylvania Charter of Privilege
-17th-century English writer that influenced the Framers of t…
-French political philosopher with a popular American followi…
The first Constitution written in America (1639). Set up a un…
-Written in 1701 and created by William Penn, proprietary and…
John Locke
-17th-century English writer that influenced the Framers of t…
Charles Montesquieu
-French political philosopher with a popular American followi…
25 terms
Wilson Chapter 2 - AP U.S. Government
unalienable
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
Shay's Rebellion
a human right based on nature or God
A weak constitution that governed America during and immediat…
Meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new Constitut…
A 1787 event in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted…
unalienable
a human right based on nature or God
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during and immediat…
18 terms
Chapter 2 AP U.S. Gov. and Politics
natural law
separation of powers
Checks and balances
autocracy
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
A constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the thr…
A type of government in which one person with unlimited power…
natural law
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
25 terms
Wilson Chapter 2 - AP U.S. Government
unalienable
Articles of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
Shay's Rebellion
a human right based on nature or God
A weak Constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
Meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new Constitut…
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attem…
unalienable
a human right based on nature or God
Articles of Confederation
A weak Constitution that governed America during the Revoluti…
9 terms
U.S. Government, Chapter 2 Political Dictionary
Limited Government
Representative Government
Magna Carta
Petition of Right
a government that has been limited in power by a constitution…
Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts…
1215 document that limited the king's ability to tax English…
1628. Signed by Charles I. No imprisonment without due cause;…
Limited Government
a government that has been limited in power by a constitution…
Representative Government
Power is held by the people and exercised through the efforts…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government Chapter 2 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition, People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Constitution
Declaration of Independence
Natural Rights
Consent of the Governed
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments…
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
Constitution
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
Declaration of Independence
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
20 terms
U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 2 Vocabulary
limited government
established
levying
representative government
a system in which the power of the government is limited, not…
to create or set up
to charge or impose
a system of government in which people elect delegates to mak…
limited government
a system in which the power of the government is limited, not…
established
to create or set up
17 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 3
Federalism
unitary system
confederal system
Necessary and Proper Clause
system of government where power is divided by a written cons…
a centralized government in which local governments exercise…
a system consisting of a league of independent states, each h…
grants Congress the power to do whatever is necessary to exec…
Federalism
system of government where power is divided by a written cons…
unitary system
a centralized government in which local governments exercise…
21 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 1
Government
Public Goods
Politics
Political Participation
The institution and processes through which public policies a…
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
The process by which we select our governmental leaders and w…
All the activities used by citizens to influence the selectio…
Government
The institution and processes through which public policies a…
Public Goods
Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
18 terms
A.P. U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 2 Review
Representative Assembly
Natural Rights
Social Contract
Unicameral Legislature
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
A legislature with only one legislative chamber, as opposed t…
Representative Assembly
A legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
Natural Rights
Rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
11 terms
AP U.S. Government And Politics Chapter 3
Federalism
Unitary Government
Intergovernmental Relations
Supremacy Clause
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of go…
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
The workings of the federal system- the entire set of interac…
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution,…
Federalism
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of go…
Unitary Government
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
36 terms
Chapter 1, 2, 3 AP Government and U.S. Politics
Authority
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Elitist Theory
rightful power (varies time to time, varies from country to c…
rule of the many
government in which most citizens participate directly
government dominated by a few top leaders, mostly outside gov…
Authority
rightful power (varies time to time, varies from country to c…
Democracy
rule of the many
43 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 8
head of state
head of government
chief administrator
cabinet
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
the president's executive role as the head of federal agencie…
a presidential advisory group selected by the president, made…
head of state
the apolitical, unifying role of the president as symbolic re…
head of government
the political role of the president as leader of a political…
24 terms
AP U.S. Government Chapter 2
What were the major grievances of the…
What were the major components of John…
What would of the American a governmen…
Why did the Articles of Confederation…
• taxation without representation ... • direct representation
• Limited Governments... • Natural Rights... • Consent of the Gover…
• confederation of states with a powerless national governmen…
There was no national government and it created economic turm…
What were the major grievances of the…
• taxation without representation ... • direct representation
What were the major components of John…
• Limited Governments... • Natural Rights... • Consent of the Gover…
15 terms
U.S Government & Politics Chapter 2: The Living Constitution
Natural law
Separation of powers
Checks and balances
Divided government
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
Constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the three…
Governance divided between the parties, especially when one h…
Natural law
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
88 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in a cent…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
18 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics: Chapter 6
Public opinion
Demography
Census
Melting pot
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
The science of population changes.
A valuable tool for understanding demographic changes. The U.…
The mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed t…
Public opinion
The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
Demography
The science of population changes.
47 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics: Unit 2
Demography
public opinion
polls
political spectrum
the science of population changes
the distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
a good way to gather data on the election
classifying different political positions based on an axis
Demography
the science of population changes
public opinion
the distribution of the population's beliefs about politics a…
23 terms
Chapter 6 AP U.S. Government and Politics
political party
nonpartisan election
patronage
honeymoon
An organization that seeks political power by electing people…
An election in which candidates are not selected or endorsed…
The dispensing of government jobs to persons who belong to th…
The period at the beginning of a new president's term during…
political party
An organization that seeks political power by electing people…
nonpartisan election
An election in which candidates are not selected or endorsed…
52 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 9
bureaucracy
neutral competence
spoils system
patronage
an organization characterized by hierarchical structure, work…
the principle that bureaucracy should be depoliticized by mak…
the nineteenth century practice of rewarding political suppor…
system in which successful party candidates reward supporters…
bureaucracy
an organization characterized by hierarchical structure, work…
neutral competence
the principle that bureaucracy should be depoliticized by mak…
28 terms
Chapter 5 AP U.S. Government and Politics
collective bargaining
Recall
Faction
Pluralism
The process in which a union represents a group of employees…
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of off…
A term the founders used to refer to political parties and sp…
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
collective bargaining
The process in which a union represents a group of employees…
Recall
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of off…
18 terms
U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 2
autocracy
oligarchy
democracy
procedural democratic theory
a system in government in which the power to govern is concen…
a system of government in which power is concentrated in the…
a system of government in which, in theory, the people, rule,…
a view of democracy as being embodied in a decision-making pr…
autocracy
a system in government in which the power to govern is concen…
oligarchy
a system of government in which power is concentrated in the…
17 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 3
Define the three ways of organizing a…
In what ways does federalism decentral…
List the three items that are consider…
What is the significance of the tenth…
• unitary- national government holds most power... • confederat…
Federalism gives the state's the responsibility of running bo…
• the constitution... • laws of the national government ... • treat…
The tenth amendment states that it does not make the state's…
Define the three ways of organizing a…
• unitary- national government holds most power... • confederat…
In what ways does federalism decentral…
Federalism gives the state's the responsibility of running bo…
83 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics: Unit 2
1st Amendment
Establishment Clause
2nd Amendment
4th Amendment
Freedom of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, and Petition.
Part of the 1st Amendment that states "Congress shall make no…
The right to bear arms.
The right to no unreasonable searches and seizures.
1st Amendment
Freedom of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, and Petition.
Establishment Clause
Part of the 1st Amendment that states "Congress shall make no…
22 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics- Chapter 1
government
public goods
politics
political participation
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Goods such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must s…
The process buy which we select our governmental leaders and…
All the activities used by citizens to influences the selecti…
government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
public goods
Goods such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must s…
83 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics: Unit 2
1st amendment
Establishment Clause
Free exercise clause
2nd amendment
Freedom of religion, press, assembly, speech, and petition
A limitation placed upon the U.S. congress preventing it from…
The people have the right to freely exercise their religion o…
The right to form a militia and to bear arms
1st amendment
Freedom of religion, press, assembly, speech, and petition
Establishment Clause
A limitation placed upon the U.S. congress preventing it from…
40 terms
Essential Terms for AP U.S. Government and Politics
reserved powers
block grants
pluralism
plurality
based on the 10th Amendment, these are powers not delegated t…
large appropriations of funds from the federal government to…
competition between factions / interest groups promotes repub…
when someone gets the most votes but not a majority
reserved powers
based on the 10th Amendment, these are powers not delegated t…
block grants
large appropriations of funds from the federal government to…
17 terms
Chapter 2 Barron's AP US Government and Politics, 8th edition
Anti-federalists
Articles of Confederation
Connecticut Compromise
Consent of the governed
Led by George Mason and Richard Henry Lee, this group argued…
The first constitution of the United States, it was very weak…
Also known as the Great Compromise, resulted in the formation…
Individuals must agree with the governments' actions and capa…
Anti-federalists
Led by George Mason and Richard Henry Lee, this group argued…
Articles of Confederation
The first constitution of the United States, it was very weak…
21 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics- Chapter 3
federalism
unitary governments
intergovernmental relations
supremacy clause
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of go…
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
The workings of the federal system- the entire set of interac…
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution,…
federalism
A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of go…
unitary governments
A way of organizing a nation so that all power resides in the…
15 terms
AP Government and Politics - Chapter 2
Natural
Separation of powers
Checks and balances
Divided government
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
Constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the three…
Governance divided between the parties, especially when one h…
Natural
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government Chapter 2 Key Term Notecards (from Government in America, AP* Edition, People, Politics, and Policy, 15th Edition)
Constitution
Declaration of Independence
Natural Rights
Consent of the Governed
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments…
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
Constitution
A nation's basic law. It creates political institutions, assi…
Declaration of Independence
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
71 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 1 and 2 Test
government
Collective Goods
Politics
Political Participation
the institutions through which public policies are made for a…
goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that b…
process determining the leaders we select and the policies th…
all the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
government
the institutions through which public policies are made for a…
Collective Goods
goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that b…
18 terms
U.S. Government & Politics Ch 2 Vocab
autocracy
oligarchy
democracy
procedural democratic theory
a system of government in which the power to govern is concen…
a system of government in which power is concentrated in the…
a system of government in which, in theory, the people rule,…
a view of democracy as being embodied in a decision-making pr…
autocracy
a system of government in which the power to govern is concen…
oligarchy
a system of government in which power is concentrated in the…
26 terms
AP U.S. Government Chapter 2
Constitution
Declaration of Independence
The Articles of Confederation (1781)
Article of Confederation Weaknesses
Creates political institutions, assigns or divides power in g…
-Written by Thomas Jefferson... -Stated why we should break apar…
First plan, a confederacy, "league of friendship", Declares I…
-No power to tax, regulate interstate trade or force states t…
Constitution
Creates political institutions, assigns or divides power in g…
Declaration of Independence
-Written by Thomas Jefferson... -Stated why we should break apar…
23 terms
AP U.S Government Chapter 2 Terms
Constitution
Declaration of Independence
Natural rights
Consent of the governed
A nation'a basic law. Creates political institutions, assigns…
The document approved by the American colonies in 1776 that s…
Rights given to human beings, not dependent in government, wh…
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
Constitution
A nation'a basic law. Creates political institutions, assigns…
Declaration of Independence
The document approved by the American colonies in 1776 that s…
176 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Semester Exam
Shay's Rebellion
Separation of Powers
natural rights
Declaration of Independence
when New England farmers gradually turned to violence as a wa…
A system of government in which different institutions exerci…
life, liberty, and the property
The formal announcement on July 4, 1776 which denounced King…
Shay's Rebellion
when New England farmers gradually turned to violence as a wa…
Separation of Powers
A system of government in which different institutions exerci…
23 terms
AP U.S. Government Chapter 2 Vocab
Constitution
Declaration of Independece
natural rights
consent of the governed
A nations basic law. It creates political institutions, alloc…
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on government.…
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
Constitution
A nations basic law. It creates political institutions, alloc…
Declaration of Independece
The document approved by representatives of the American colo…
13 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics chapter 6
Public Opinion
Demography
Census
Melting Pot
The distribution of beliefs and views about politics and poli…
The science of population changes
An "actual enumeration" of the population, which the Constitu…
A term often used to characterize the US, which its history o…
Public Opinion
The distribution of beliefs and views about politics and poli…
Demography
The science of population changes
28 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 1
conservative
delegate model
direct democracy
electorate
-believes in the value of established and traditional practic…
-voters elect delegates to each branch to act as surrogates f…
-also known as the majoritarian model... -believes in the purest…
-determines the means in which individuals are involved in go…
conservative
-believes in the value of established and traditional practic…
delegate model
-voters elect delegates to each branch to act as surrogates f…
32 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 4
federalism
confederation
unitary state
Local Government
-the division of power between the federal and state governme…
-a system of government that does not have a central power... -e…
-a system of government with a strong central power... -the cent…
Local or Federal Government?... -controls motor vehicle laws
federalism
-the division of power between the federal and state governme…
confederation
-a system of government that does not have a central power... -e…
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