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Study sets matching "ap u.s. government and politics us gov pol"

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Study sets matching "ap u.s. government and politics us gov pol"

88 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in a cent…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
78 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics
Anarchy
Autocracy
3 Types of Autocracy:
Oligarchy
lack of Government
rule by one
Absolute Monarchy- power is inherited; no restriction on rule…
rule by few
Anarchy
lack of Government
Autocracy
rule by one
146 terms
AP U.S. Gov+Politics
Roll-Call Vote
Teller Vote
Voice Vote
Abstention
a method of voting that consists of members answering yay or…
a method of voting in which members write down their vote and…
a method of voting in which members vote by shouting yay or nay
the act of deciding not to participate in voting
Roll-Call Vote
a method of voting that consists of members answering yay or…
Teller Vote
a method of voting in which members write down their vote and…
88 terms
AP U.S. Gov and Politics
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democraric principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in a cent…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democraric principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
26 terms
AP U.S Government and Politics
The "necessary and proper" clause... (…
The enumerated power...
Procedure that result in the removal o…
Reserved powers of the states can best…
Gives congress the ability to write laws concerning personal…
List those powers not given to congress
The house votes for impeachment and the senate conducts a tri…
Not specifically granted to the national government or denied…
The "necessary and proper" clause... (…
Gives congress the ability to write laws concerning personal…
The enumerated power...
List those powers not given to congress
AP U.S. Gov & Politics
No Child Left Behind Act
issue & opinion of U.S. v. Lopez
Facts about U.S. v. Lopez
situation of the The Brady Law
Created increased accountability for school districts by esta…
Issue: Did Congress have the authority under the Commerce Cla…
Congress passed the Gun Free Zone Act in 1992. It prohibited…
After President Reagan's press secretary, Jim Brady, was shot…
No Child Left Behind Act
Created increased accountability for school districts by esta…
issue & opinion of U.S. v. Lopez
Issue: Did Congress have the authority under the Commerce Cla…
28 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Public Policy
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
is the exercise of the government power in doing those things…
rule by the people
citizens meet and make decisions about policy issues
citizens choose officials (representatives) who make decision…
Public Policy
is the exercise of the government power in doing those things…
Democracy
rule by the people
88 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in a cent…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
60 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
consent of the governed
democracy
direct democracy
An Economic Interpretation of the Cons…
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
A system of government in which *power is vested in the peopl…
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and no…
Written by Charles Beard, this was the first book to attack t…
consent of the governed
The idea that government derives its authority by sanction of…
democracy
A system of government in which *power is vested in the peopl…
37 terms
AP U.S. GOVERNMENT & POLITICS
mobilizing support (a.k.a. coalitions)
Republican
Democratic
moderation (each party taming its extr…
want people and organizations on your side, so you can brag
WWE ... Urban Outfitters ... Chick-fil-A ... Boeing Co. ... McDonald's ... B…
Home Depot... Starbucks... Dreamworks... Kinko's... Microsoft... GAP... Build-a…
Obama presented himself as very middle of the road not far le…
mobilizing support (a.k.a. coalitions)
want people and organizations on your side, so you can brag
Republican
WWE ... Urban Outfitters ... Chick-fil-A ... Boeing Co. ... McDonald's ... B…
24 terms
AP U.S. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
MAJORITY RULE
CHECKS AND BALANCES
UNITARY SYSTEM
FEDERALISM
fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majority'…
system where each branch of government can limit the power of…
system of government where all the power is invested in centr…
system of government where power is divided between a central…
MAJORITY RULE
fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majority'…
CHECKS AND BALANCES
system where each branch of government can limit the power of…
90 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Activist Court
Advise and consent
Affirmative Action
Agenda setting
Court that makes decisions that forge new ground such as "Roe…
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments.
programs for minorities supported by government as a means of…
policy goals that are typically set by political parties.
Activist Court
Court that makes decisions that forge new ground such as "Roe…
Advise and consent
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments.
49 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
issue
politics
power
authority
a conflict, real or apparent, between the interests, ideas, o…
the activity by which an issue is agitated or settled
the ability of one person to get another perosn to act in acc…
the right to use power
issue
a conflict, real or apparent, between the interests, ideas, o…
politics
the activity by which an issue is agitated or settled
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in a cent…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
32 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Affirmative ACtion
Agenda Setting
Amendment
Amicus Curiae Brief
A policy designed to correct the effects of past discriminati…
The process of forming the list of matters that policymakers…
A revision or change to a bill, law, or constitution
Friend of the court; interested groups may e invited to file…
Affirmative ACtion
A policy designed to correct the effects of past discriminati…
Agenda Setting
The process of forming the list of matters that policymakers…
65 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics
amicus curiae briefs
block grants
Casework
categorical grants
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or…
...
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes.
amicus curiae briefs
Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the pur…
block grants
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or…
47 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics
Exit Poll
Demography
Sampling Error
Gender Gap
public opinion survey given to people after voting to predict…
the study in births, death, age of citizens, religions, incom…
Error in a stat analysis deriving from an unrepresentativenes…
The pattern which women are more likely to be a Democrat, bec…
Exit Poll
public opinion survey given to people after voting to predict…
Demography
the study in births, death, age of citizens, religions, incom…
243 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics
affirmative action
agenda setting
amendment
amicus curiae briefs
a policy designed to correct the effects of past discriminati…
the process of forming the list of matters that policymakers…
a revision or change to a bill, law, or constitution
friend of the court; interested groups may be invited to file…
affirmative action
a policy designed to correct the effects of past discriminati…
agenda setting
the process of forming the list of matters that policymakers…
30 terms
AP U.S. Gov & Politics
Why do older people follow parties more?
What year did 69% of young Americans f…
What year did 52% of young Americans f…
Politics is
Socialization and media
1970
2004
"Who gets what, when, and how"
Why do older people follow parties more?
Socialization and media
What year did 69% of young Americans f…
1970
40 terms
Essential Terms for AP U.S. Government and Politics
reserved powers
block grants
pluralism
plurality
based on the 10th Amendment, these are powers not delegated t…
large appropriations of funds from the federal government to…
competition between factions / interest groups promotes repub…
when someone gets the most votes but not a majority
reserved powers
based on the 10th Amendment, these are powers not delegated t…
block grants
large appropriations of funds from the federal government to…
48 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics
What did James Madison Believe latent…
What are the following reasons for the…
Define: Interest Groups
Why do Americans participate in civic…
in the nature of man
ideological leadership
an organization seeking to influence public policy
a higher sense of political efficacy & civic duty
What did James Madison Believe latent…
in the nature of man
What are the following reasons for the…
ideological leadership
24 terms
AP U.S Government and Politics
Linkage institutions
Political participation
Policymaking system
Policy agenda
institutions such as parties, elections, interest groups, and…
actions of private citizens by which they seek to influence o…
a set of institutions and activities that link together gover…
when people confront government officials with problems they…
Linkage institutions
institutions such as parties, elections, interest groups, and…
Political participation
actions of private citizens by which they seek to influence o…
21 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Aristotle
Authority
Bureaucracy
Bureaucratic Theory
Philisopher who believed that law-givers should do whats best…
The right to use power.
Appoint servants conrol the gov, without consulting the public.
View that the government is dominated by appoint officials.
Aristotle
Philisopher who believed that law-givers should do whats best…
Authority
The right to use power.
38 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Civil Liberties
Cabinet Department
Independent Executive Agencies
Independent Regulatory Commission
Provisions in the Bill of Rights that provide guarantees agai…
Because of the "Department" in the name, we know that if the…
(1) is it a cabinet position? (2) is it regulating something?…
These are agencies that regulate or punish wrongdoing for peo…
Civil Liberties
Provisions in the Bill of Rights that provide guarantees agai…
Cabinet Department
Because of the "Department" in the name, we know that if the…
104 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in a cent…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
88 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in a cent…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
74 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
government
citizen
politics
monarchy
The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…
Member of the political community to whom certain rights and…
The study of who gets what, when, and how—or how policy decis…
A form of government in which power is vested in hereditary k…
government
The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…
citizen
Member of the political community to whom certain rights and…
10 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Which of the following statements abou…
The theory of representative democracy…
Marx concluded "modern" societies gene…
Reagans policy initiatives on social a…
A
A
B
E
Which of the following statements abou…
A
The theory of representative democracy…
A
49 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
coalition building
initiative
referendum
recall
the process by which different groups or individuals come tog…
...
...
recall is the political mechanism that allows citizens to rem…
coalition building
the process by which different groups or individuals come tog…
initiative
...
46 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Bill of Attainder
Ex Post Facto Laws
Double Jeopardy
A writ requiring that one must be informed of charges and bro…
Act of legislature punishing someone without a trial
Laws applied to actions committed before the law's establishm…
A defendant being tried again on the same charges on the same…
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A writ requiring that one must be informed of charges and bro…
Bill of Attainder
Act of legislature punishing someone without a trial
44 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
Women and Civil Rights Act of 1964
Right to Trial by Jury
Due Process
Affirmative Action
Law that not only ended segregation in the South, but also ba…
Guaranteed in criminal cases by Article II of the Constitutio…
Refers to procedures used in carrying out the laws that allow…
Policy designed to correct effects of past racial or gender d…
Women and Civil Rights Act of 1964
Law that not only ended segregation in the South, but also ba…
Right to Trial by Jury
Guaranteed in criminal cases by Article II of the Constitutio…
12 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics
The length of terms for representatives
the length of terms for senators
17th Amendment
One job of the House of Representatives
2 year terms
6 year terms
gave people the right to vote for their own senators
to look at all bills that have to do with the federal budget
The length of terms for representatives
2 year terms
the length of terms for senators
6 year terms
32 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics
Connecticut Compromise
party machine
gerrymandering
amicus curiae
A decision made during the Constitutional Convention to give…
...
The legislative process through which the majority party in e…
"Friend of the court"; a third party to a lawsuit who files a…
Connecticut Compromise
A decision made during the Constitutional Convention to give…
party machine
...
14 terms
Ap U.S. Government & Politics
Congress
Double Jeopardy
Bills of Rights
GerryMandering
Bicameral body responsible for making laws
The Act of trying an individual a second time after he/she ha…
First 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
The dividing of a state, county, etc., into election district…
Congress
Bicameral body responsible for making laws
Double Jeopardy
The Act of trying an individual a second time after he/she ha…
38 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics
adversarial system
affirmative action
amendment
amicus curiae briefs
A system of law in which the court is seen as a neutral area…
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special empl…
Addition to the Constitution, Amendments require approval by…
"Friend of the court" briefs that qualified individuals or or…
adversarial system
A system of law in which the court is seen as a neutral area…
affirmative action
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special empl…
571 terms
AP U.S Government & Politics
Natural Rights
Social Contract
Power
Authority
Life, liberty and property
People give up the right to do as they please, but in return…
Ability of one person to get another to act in accordance wit…
Right to use power
Natural Rights
Life, liberty and property
Social Contract
People give up the right to do as they please, but in return…
89 terms
AP U.S. Government & Politics
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in a cent…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
176 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Semester Exam
Shay's Rebellion
Separation of Powers
natural rights
Declaration of Independence
when New England farmers gradually turned to violence as a wa…
A system of government in which different institutions exerci…
life, liberty, and the property
The formal announcement on July 4, 1776 which denounced King…
Shay's Rebellion
when New England farmers gradually turned to violence as a wa…
Separation of Powers
A system of government in which different institutions exerci…
386 terms
Barron's AP U.S. Government and Politics
activist control
advise and consent
affirmative action
Affordable Care Act 2012
court that makes decisions that forge new ground such as Roe…
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments
programs for minorities supported by government as a means of…
In 2012, President Obama signed into law his signature initia…
activist control
court that makes decisions that forge new ground such as Roe…
advise and consent
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments
35 terms
Political Science: U.S. Government & Politics Midterm
Early colonists came to America:
England won the battle with Spain for…
The system of feudalism was important…
Puritans are historically significant…
For a wide range of economic and political agendas as well as…
Its military and economic power was greater than Spain's.
Was one of the reasons why many left England.
They were one of the first groups that sought to reform the C…
Early colonists came to America:
For a wide range of economic and political agendas as well as…
England won the battle with Spain for…
Its military and economic power was greater than Spain's.
39 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Unit 3
Political Party
Mugwamps
Realignment period
Split Ticket
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organi…
Group of civil-service reformers, organized in the 1880s, bel…
periods when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular coa…
a ballot cast by a voter who votes for candidates from more t…
Political Party
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organi…
Mugwamps
Group of civil-service reformers, organized in the 1880s, bel…
20 terms
The Theory of Modern Government(AP US Gov and Politics)
Conservative
Delegate Model(Representational View)
Direct Democracy
Elite and Class Theory
A person who believes in less government, lower taxes, a stro…
Voters elect representatives as their own delegates represent…
type of government characterized by citizens attending a town…
A group theory that revolves around an economic stratum of so…
Conservative
A person who believes in less government, lower taxes, a stro…
Delegate Model(Representational View)
Voters elect representatives as their own delegates represent…
43 terms
AP Gov. and Politics Key Figures in the US Government
Kerry
Lew
Carter
Lynch
Secretary of State
Secretary of Treasury
Secretary of Defense
Attorney General
Kerry
Secretary of State
Lew
Secretary of Treasury
684 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Review
Article I
the House of Representatives and the S…
25
30
What part of the Constitution deals with the legislative bran…
What two houses make up Congress?
How old do representatives have to be?
How old do senators have to be?
Article I
What part of the Constitution deals with the legislative bran…
the House of Representatives and the S…
What two houses make up Congress?
386 terms
BARRON'S AP U.S. Government and Politics
activist control
advise and consent
affirmative action
Affordable Care Act 2012
court that makes decisions that forge new ground such as Roe…
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments
programs for minorities supported by government as a means of…
In 2012, President Obama signed into law his signature initia…
activist control
court that makes decisions that forge new ground such as Roe…
advise and consent
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments
391 terms
BARRON'S AP U.S. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
Activist court
Advise and consent
Affirmative Action
Affordable Care Act 2012
court that makes decisions that forge new ground such as Roe…
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments.
programs for minorities supported by government as a means of…
In 2010, President Obama signed into law his signature initia…
Activist court
court that makes decisions that forge new ground such as Roe…
Advise and consent
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments.
17 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 3
Federalism
unitary system
confederal system
Necessary and Proper Clause
system of government where power is divided by a written cons…
a centralized government in which local governments exercise…
a system consisting of a league of independent states, each h…
grants Congress the power to do whatever is necessary to exec…
Federalism
system of government where power is divided by a written cons…
unitary system
a centralized government in which local governments exercise…
17 terms
AP U.S. Government and Politics Chapter 2
representative assembly
natural rights
social contract
unicameral legislature
a legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
a voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their right…
a legislature with only one legislative chamber
representative assembly
a legislature composed of individuals who represent the popul…
natural rights
rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on g…
31 terms
AP U.S. Government: Political Parties
dealignment
Democratic Party
divided government
electoral college
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
One of those two major American political parties evolving ou…
A situation in which one major political party controls the p…
A group of persons called electors selected by the voters in…
dealignment
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party com…
Democratic Party
One of those two major American political parties evolving ou…
18 terms
Chapter 2 AP U.S. Gov. and Politics
natural law
separation of powers
Checks and balances
autocracy
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
A constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the thr…
A type of government in which one person with unlimited power…
natural law
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is hi…
separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, exec…
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