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Study sets matching "ap vocab biology 18"

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Study sets matching "ap vocab biology 18"

35 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Set 18
abiogenesis
abiotic synthesis
absolute dating (of fossils)
biomolecules
Origin of life from nonliving matter, such as occurred on the…
Process of chemical evolution that resulted in the formation…
Determining the age of a fossil by direct measurement, usuall…
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
abiogenesis
Origin of life from nonliving matter, such as occurred on the…
abiotic synthesis
Process of chemical evolution that resulted in the formation…
31 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Regulatory Gene
in bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
a protein that inhibits gene transcription; in prokaryotes, r…
A gene that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that co…
Operator
in bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
15 terms
AP Biology Ch. 18 Vocabulary
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Regulatory Gene
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription
A gene that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that co…
Operator
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
A segment of noncoding DNA that helps regulate transcription…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
A segment of noncoding DNA that helps regulate transcription…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
38 terms
AP Biology: Ch. 18 Vocabulary
Capsid
Viral Envelopes
Bacteriophages (phages)
Host range
protein shell enclosing the viral genome
a membrane that cloaks the capsid that in turn encloses a vir…
viruses that infect bacteria
the limited range of host cells that a virus can infect
Capsid
protein shell enclosing the viral genome
Viral Envelopes
a membrane that cloaks the capsid that in turn encloses a vir…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Regulatory gene
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, r…
A genet that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that c…
Operator
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
38 terms
AP Biology (Chapter 18 Vocabulary)
Activator
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndro…
Bacteriophage
Capsid
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates transcription of a…
The name of the late stages of HIV infection, defined by a sp…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
The protein shell that encloses a viral genome. It may be rod…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates transcription of a…
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndro…
The name of the late stages of HIV infection, defined by a sp…
42 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Coordinating Controlled
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Grouping genes of related function into one transcription uni…
A segment of DNA that functions as the switch.
An entire stretch of DNA required for enzyme production.
A protein that switches off Operon.
Coordinating Controlled
Grouping genes of related function into one transcription uni…
Operator
A segment of DNA that functions as the switch.
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Regulatory gene
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, t…
A gene that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that co…
Operator
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
20 terms
AP Biology- Vocabulary Chapter 18
genomics
bioinformatics
human genome project
whole-genome shotgun approach
the study of whole sets of genes and their interactions
the application of computational methods to the storage and a…
an international collaborative effort to map and sequence the…
procedure for genome sequencing in which the genome is random…
genomics
the study of whole sets of genes and their interactions
bioinformatics
the application of computational methods to the storage and a…
20 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
genomics
bioinformatics
Human Genome Project
whole-genome shotgun approach
the study of whole sets of genes and their interactions withi…
the use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
an international collaborative effort to map and sequence the…
...
genomics
the study of whole sets of genes and their interactions withi…
bioinformatics
the use of computers, software, and mathematical models to pr…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
A segment of noncoding DNA that helps regulate transcription…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
capsid
viral envelope
bacteriophage
host range
the protein shell that encloses a viral genome
a membrane that cloaks the capsid that in turn encloses a vir…
a virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage
the limited range of host cells that each type of virus can i…
capsid
the protein shell that encloses a viral genome
viral envelope
a membrane that cloaks the capsid that in turn encloses a vir…
14 terms
AP Biology vocabulary (chapter 18)
abiotic synthesis
absolute dating (of fossils)
continental drift
endosymbiotic theory
the process of chemical evolution that resulted in the format…
determining the age of a fossil by direct measurement, assail…
the movement of the Earth's crust by plate tectonics resultin…
explanation of the evolution of eukaryotic organelles by phag…
abiotic synthesis
the process of chemical evolution that resulted in the format…
absolute dating (of fossils)
determining the age of a fossil by direct measurement, assail…
43 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Regulatory Gene (trpR)
-off/on "switch" that controls whole cluster of functionally…
-operate + promoter + genes they control... -entire stretch of D…
-protein that switches operon off... -binds to operator and bloc…
-product of trp repressor... -located some distance from operon…
Operator
-off/on "switch" that controls whole cluster of functionally…
Operon
-operate + promoter + genes they control... -entire stretch of D…
38 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA)
Biomolecules
Origin of Life
"Primordial Soup" Hypothesis
The first living organism on the planet, from which all life…
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
Stages include organic monomers, organic polymers, protocells…
Another name for the hypothesis of abiogenesis proposed by Al…
Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA)
The first living organism on the planet, from which all life…
Biomolecules
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
23 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Alternative RNA splicing
Cell differentiation
differential gene expression
egg-polarity gene
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
The expression of different sets of genes by cells with the s…
A gene that helps control the orientation (polarity) of the e…
Alternative RNA splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
Cell differentiation
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
A segment of noncoding DNA that helps regulate transcription…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
A segment of noncoding DNA that helps regulate transcription…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Regulatory Gene
A sequence of nucleotides near the start of an operon to whic…
Consists of a promoter, an operator, and a coordinately regul…
Protein that inhibits gene transcription
A gene that codes for a protein that controls the transcripti…
Operator
A sequence of nucleotides near the start of an operon to whic…
Operon
Consists of a promoter, an operator, and a coordinately regul…
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operon
Operator
Repressor
Repressive Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
In bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, i…
An operon that is normally on because the repressor is inacti…
Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
Operator
In bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near th…
32 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operator
Operon
Repressor
Regulatory Genes
A segment of DNA that functions as the switch.
An entire stretch of DNA required for enzyme production.
A protein that inhibits gene transcription
Gene that controls the transcription of another genes or grou…
Operator
A segment of DNA that functions as the switch.
Operon
An entire stretch of DNA required for enzyme production.
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
operator
operon
repressor
regulatory gene
In bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucelotides near th…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In proks, repress…
A gene that codes for a protein, such as a repressor, that co…
operator
In bacterial and phage DNA, a sequence of nucelotides near th…
operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
39 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Promoter
Operator
Operon
Repressor
A specific nucleotide sequence in the DNA of a gene that bind…
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, r…
Promoter
A specific nucleotide sequence in the DNA of a gene that bind…
Operator
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Capsid
Viral envelope
Phages
Host range
the protein shell enclosing the viral genome in a virus -may…
a membranous envelope that the surrounds the capsid in a viru…
the most complex capsids that are found among viruses that in…
a limited range of host cells that each type of virus can onl…
Capsid
the protein shell enclosing the viral genome in a virus -may…
Viral envelope
a membranous envelope that the surrounds the capsid in a viru…
15 terms
Chapter 18 AP Biology Vocabulary
Alternative RNA splicing
Cell differentiation
Differential gene expression
Egg-polarity gene
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
The expression of different sets of genes by cells with the s…
A gene that helps control the orientation of the egg; also ca…
Alternative RNA splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
Cell differentiation
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
11 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary Chapter 18
abiogenesis
adaptive radiation
biomolecules
proteinoids
the origin of life from non-living matter
the process by which organisms diversify rapidly
the organic molecules of living organisms
small polypeptides that have some catalytic properties
abiogenesis
the origin of life from non-living matter
adaptive radiation
the process by which organisms diversify rapidly
17 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Corepressor
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
A small molecule that binds to a bacterial repressor protein…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Sedimentary Rocks
Half Life
Radiometric Dating
Paleomagnetic Dating
Formed when particles of broken rock and organic materials ar…
The time required for half of a sample of radioactive isotope…
A method for determining the age of objects such as fossils a…
A method for determining the age of rocks based on properties…
Sedimentary Rocks
Formed when particles of broken rock and organic materials ar…
Half Life
The time required for half of a sample of radioactive isotope…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
A segment of noncoding DNA that helps regulate transcription…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operon
Operator
Repressor
Corepressor
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription... Prokaryotes: bind…
Effector molecule which can bind to a repressor molecule, so…
Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
Operator
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operator
Repressor
Activator
...
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, r…
...
Operator
...
Repressor
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, r…
36 terms
AP Biology: 18: Evolution
Evolution
Natural Selection
(Charles) Darwin
More
___, the process in which all the organisms of today arose fr…
the driving force of evolution, ___, operates on the level of…
much of what we known about evolution is based on the work of…
according to Darwinian theory, each species produces (more /…
Evolution
___, the process in which all the organisms of today arose fr…
Natural Selection
the driving force of evolution, ___, operates on the level of…
10 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operon
Operator
Repressor
Inducer
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
A protein that inhibits gene transcription. In prokaryotes, r…
A specific small molecule that binds to a bacterial repressor…
Operon
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
Operator
In bacterial DNA, a sequence of nucleotides near the start of…
26 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Operon
Repressible operon
Inducible operon
Structural gene
a cluster of genes and "on and off switches" that control the…
a operon that is normally on because the repressor is inactive
a operon that is normally off because the repressor is active
the genes to be expressed
Operon
a cluster of genes and "on and off switches" that control the…
Repressible operon
a operon that is normally on because the repressor is inactive
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
The structural and functional divergence of cells as they bec…
A segment of noncoding DNA that helps regulate transcription…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA-processing le…
37 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription.
different mRNA molecules are produced form the same primary t…
structural and functional divergence of cells as they become…
segment of noncoding DNA that binds a transcription factor.
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription.
Alternative RNA Splicing
different mRNA molecules are produced form the same primary t…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
viral envelopes
bacteriophages/phages
host range
lytic cycle
surrounds the capsid of a virus. they are derived from the me…
viruses that infect bacteria
the limited range of host cells that each virus can infect
a phage reproductive cycle that culminates in death of the ho…
viral envelopes
surrounds the capsid of a virus. they are derived from the me…
bacteriophages/phages
viruses that infect bacteria
14 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Character
Clade
Cladistics
Cladogram
Quantifiable, heritable characteristic or trait
A group whose members share one or more defining traits
Method of making hypotheses about evolutionary relationships…
Evolutionary tree diagram that shows evolutionary relationshi…
Character
Quantifiable, heritable characteristic or trait
Clade
A group whose members share one or more defining traits
35 terms
Chapter 18 Vocabulary AP Biology
Abiogenesis
Abiotic Synthesis
Absolute Dating (of fossils)
Biomolecules
Origin of life from nonliving matter, such as occurred on the…
Process of chemical evolution that resulted in the formation…
Determining the age of a fossil by direct measurement, usuall…
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
Abiogenesis
Origin of life from nonliving matter, such as occurred on the…
Abiotic Synthesis
Process of chemical evolution that resulted in the formation…
38 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA)
Biomolecules
Origin of Life
"Primordial Soup" Hypothesis
The first living organism on the planet, from which all life…
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
Stages include organic monomers, organic polymers, protocells…
Another name for the hypothesis of abiogenesis proposed by Al…
Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA)
The first living organism on the planet, from which all life…
Biomolecules
Organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Activator
Alternative RNA Splicing
Cell Differentiation
Control Elements
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription.
shows that what is considered an intron and exon changes the…
divergence of cells as they become specialized during a multi…
A segment of noncoding DNA where transcription factors can bi…
Activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates gene transcription.
Alternative RNA Splicing
shows that what is considered an intron and exon changes the…
22 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 18
Feedback Inhibition
Gene Regulation
Operon
Promoter
- The product acts ... as an allosteric inhibitor of the 1st enz…
- Don't block the enzyme's function, block transcription of g…
- Genes grouped together with related functions
- RNA polymerase binding site... - Controls transcription of al…
Feedback Inhibition
- The product acts ... as an allosteric inhibitor of the 1st enz…
Gene Regulation
- Don't block the enzyme's function, block transcription of g…
30 terms
BTA AP Biology 18: Processes of Evolution
Genetic drift
Ellis-van Creveld syndrome
Gene flow
Population
random change in allele frequencies over generations; most pr…
a genetic syndrome common in the Old Order Amish resulting in…
the physical movement of alleles into and out of a population…
a group of individuals of the same species in a specified area
Genetic drift
random change in allele frequencies over generations; most pr…
Ellis-van Creveld syndrome
a genetic syndrome common in the Old Order Amish resulting in…
61 terms
Chapter 17 and 18 AP Biology Vocabulary
A Site
Alternative RNA Splicing
Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetase
Anticodon
Holds the tRNA carrying the next amino acid to be added to a…
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA processing le…
An enzyme that joins each amino acid to the appropriate tRNA
A nucleotide triplet at one end of a tRNA molecule that base-…
A Site
Holds the tRNA carrying the next amino acid to be added to a…
Alternative RNA Splicing
A type of eukaryotic gene regulation at the RNA processing le…
36 terms
AP Biology Chapters 18 and 19 Vocabulary
cAMP receptor protein (CRP)
Corepressor
Cyclic AMP (cAMP)
Episome
A regulatory proteins and bacteria that binds to cAMP causing…
A small molecule that cooperates with a repressor protein to…
A ring-shaped molecule made from ATP that is common intracell…
A genetic element that can exist either as a plasmid or as pa…
cAMP receptor protein (CRP)
A regulatory proteins and bacteria that binds to cAMP causing…
Corepressor
A small molecule that cooperates with a repressor protein to…
38 terms
AP Biology: Chapters 18
Why are all genes not "on" all the tim…
What are two main ways of controlling…
In the case of E. coli regulating tryp…
What is a promoter?
E.Coli live in very fickle environments. If an E. Coli in the…
1)regulation of enzyme activity... 2)regulation of enzyme produc…
In bacterial cells, enzymatic reactions may be regulated by 2…
Region of DNA where RNA polymerase can bind
Why are all genes not "on" all the tim…
E.Coli live in very fickle environments. If an E. Coli in the…
What are two main ways of controlling…
1)regulation of enzyme activity... 2)regulation of enzyme produc…
25 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18
regulation of gene expression
operator
operon
repressor
Gene regulation is the process of turning genes on and off. D…
In genetics, an operator is a segment of DNA to which a trans…
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
A protein that suppresses the transcription of a gene.
regulation of gene expression
Gene regulation is the process of turning genes on and off. D…
operator
In genetics, an operator is a segment of DNA to which a trans…
35 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 17 and 18 Vocabulary
gene expression
transcription
translation
primary transcript
the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins
RNA synthesis from genes(/information in the DNA)
polypeptide synthesis from mRNA(/information in the DNA)
initial RNA after being transcribed (from any gene)
gene expression
the process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins
transcription
RNA synthesis from genes(/information in the DNA)
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