Study sets matching "ap vocabulary government politics"

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Study sets matching "ap vocabulary government politics"

45 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government (chapter 1)
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Democracy (chapter 1)
Political Culture (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing governme…
An overall set of values widely shared within a society
Government (chapter 1)
The institutions throughout which public policies are made fo…
Public Goods (chapter 1)
Goods such as clean, air, clean water; that everyone must share
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
402 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
Gross domestic product
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
the total value of all goods and services produced annually b…
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
Elite and class theory
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
423 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
"Necessary and Proper" Clause (Elastic…
"Our Federalism"
527 Organization
Administrative Discretion
Clause in the Constitution that states that "Congress should…
Championed by Ronald Reagan, presumes the power of the federa…
A political group organized under section 527 of the IRS code…
Authority given by Congress to the Federal bureaucracy to use…
"Necessary and Proper" Clause (Elastic…
Clause in the Constitution that states that "Congress should…
"Our Federalism"
Championed by Ronald Reagan, presumes the power of the federa…
AP Government & Politics Vocabulary
Authority
Bureaucratic View
Client Politics
Creedal Passion View
The power or right to give orders
Relating to the business of running and organization , govern…
Type of politic when an organized minority or interest group…
View that morally impassioned elites drive important politica…
Authority
The power or right to give orders
Bureaucratic View
Relating to the business of running and organization , govern…
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Direct democracy
Representative democracy
Constitutional democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
Government in which the people elect those who govern and pas…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
Democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Direct democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
217 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Power
Authority
Legitimacy
Government
the will and ability to use force
the right to use power; power with permission
Political Authority conferred by law or by constitution
The institutions through which society makes and enforces its…
Power
the will and ability to use force
Authority
the right to use power; power with permission
423 terms
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
72 terms
AP Government Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Constitutional democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
Government in which the people elect those who govern and pas…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
Democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Direct Democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
22 terms
AP Government & Politics: Vocabulary
Public
Policy
Public Policy
Divided Government
Government
Decision on an issue
Government decision on an issue
When legislative and executive branches are controlled by dif…
Public
Government
Policy
Decision on an issue
AP Government & Politics- Summer Vocabulary
Expressed Powers
Standing Committees
Stare Decisis
Civil Rights
Powers specifically granted to the federal government by the…
Permanent subject- matter congressional committees that handl…
Stare decisis is a Latin phrase meaning "let the decision sta…
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or disc…
Expressed Powers
Powers specifically granted to the federal government by the…
Standing Committees
Permanent subject- matter congressional committees that handl…
49 terms
AP Government And Politics Vocabulary
Direct Democracy
Block Grant
Federalism
Political Socialization
A form of government in which citizens vote directly on polic…
Federal money given to states with few restrictions about how…
A system of government were power is shared between the natio…
The process by which an individual develops his or her politi…
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens vote directly on polic…
Block Grant
Federal money given to states with few restrictions about how…
34 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Majority Rule
Checks and Balances
Unitary System
Federalism
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
System of government in which all power is invested in the ce…
A system of government in which power is divided by a written…
Majority Rule
A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majorit…
Checks and Balances
System in which each branch of government can limit the power…
1,321 terms
AP Government and Politics Review
Bureaucracy
Patronage
Pendleton Civil Service Act
Civil service
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
Passed in 1883, an Act that created a federal civil service s…
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle…
Bureaucracy
According to Max Weber, a hierarchical authority structure th…
Patronage
One of the key inducements used by political machines. A patr…
AP Government & Politics vocabulary
Government
Collective Goods
Politics
Political Participation
The institutions that make public policy decisions for a soci…
Goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that b…
The process determining the leaders we select and the policie…
All the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
Government
The institutions that make public policy decisions for a soci…
Collective Goods
Goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, that b…
236 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Participatory (Direct) Democracy
Representative Democracy (Republic)
Constitutionalism
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
Government in which the people elect those who govern and pas…
The set of arrangements, including checks and balances, feder…
Democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Participatory (Direct) Democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Direct Democracy
Representative Democracy
Constitutional Democracy
Government by the people, both direct or indirect, with free…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
Government in which the people elect those who govern and pas…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
Democracy
Government by the people, both direct or indirect, with free…
Direct Democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
48 terms
AP Government & Politics Vocabulary
activation
administrative discretion
affirmative action
advertising
getting voters to do more than just vote, contribute money, r…
administration's authority to respond to problems when rules…
policy designed to give attention to a previously disadvantag…
1/3 activities Congressmen use for reelection
activation
getting voters to do more than just vote, contribute money, r…
administrative discretion
administration's authority to respond to problems when rules…
74 terms
AP Government & Politics Vocabulary
Government
Democracy
Individualism
Majority Rule
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
A system of selecting policy makers and of organizing governm…
The belief that individuals should be left on their own by th…
When choosing alternatives, majority's desire must be respected
Government
The institutions and processes through which public policies…
Democracy
A system of selecting policy makers and of organizing governm…
9 terms
AP Government & Politics Vocabulary
government (1)
government (2)
public
policy
the political and administrative organization of the state
the institiution through which public policy is made
government
any decision on any issue
government (1)
the political and administrative organization of the state
government (2)
the institiution through which public policy is made
226 terms
AP government and politics Presidency and Bureaucracy
independent Regulatory Agencies
Federal Communications Commissions
Central Intelligence Agency
thickening
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
an independent agency of the United States government respons…
becoming more intricate or complex
independent Regulatory Agencies
agencies that are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in nat…
Federal Communications Commissions
1. Regulates airways.... 2. Regulates interstate and internation…
130 terms
AP Government and Politics
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
Term
•affirmative action.
•amendment (constitutional).
...
Definition
Policy or program designed to redress historic injustices com…
Changes in, or additions to, a constitution. Proposed by a tw…
AP US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS GLOSSARY
...
Term
Definition
70 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
checks and balances
enumerated powers
necessary and proper cause
implied powers
a gov't structure that gives each branch some scrutiny of and…
the powers explicitly granted to Congress by the Constitution
the last clause of section 8 of Article 1 of the Constitution…
those powers that Congress needs to execute its enumerated po…
checks and balances
a gov't structure that gives each branch some scrutiny of and…
enumerated powers
the powers explicitly granted to Congress by the Constitution
AP Government & Politics Vocabulary
public policy
democracy
majority rule with minority rights
pluralist theory
the fundamental policy on which laws rest, especially policy…
government by the people; a form of government in which the s…
Democracy therefore requires minority rights equally as it do…
Used in the United States. It is the idea that the one with t…
public policy
the fundamental policy on which laws rest, especially policy…
democracy
government by the people; a form of government in which the s…
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
public opinion
melting pot
minority majority
political culture
the distribution of the populations beliefs about politics an…
a term often used to characterize the united states, with its…
the situation likely beginning in the mid twenty first centur…
an overall set of values widely shared within a society
public opinion
the distribution of the populations beliefs about politics an…
melting pot
a term often used to characterize the united states, with its…
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Government
Citizen
Politics
Monarchy
The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…
Member of the political community to whom certain rights and…
The study of whom gets what, when, and how-or how policy deci…
A form of government in which power is vested in hereditary k…
Government
The formal vehicle through which policies are made and affair…
Citizen
Member of the political community to whom certain rights and…
17 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Direct democracy
Representative democracy
Constitutional democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
Government in which the people elect those who govern and pas…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
Democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Direct democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
AP Government/Politics Vocabulary
Activist Court
Advise and Consent
Affirmative Action
Affordable Care Act of 2012
a judicial assembly that makes decisions that forge new groun…
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments.
programs for minorities supported by government as a means of…
In 2010, President Obama signed into law his signature initia…
Activist Court
a judicial assembly that makes decisions that forge new groun…
Advise and Consent
power of the Senate regarding presidential appointments.
32 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Plurality
Initiative
Referendum
Recall
Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election; n…
Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition…
Procedure for submitting to popular vote measures passed by t…
Procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of offic…
Plurality
Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election; n…
Initiative
Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition…
380 terms
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Direct democracy
Representative democracy
Constitutional democracy
Government of the people, both directly and indirectly, with…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
Government in which the people elect those who govern and pas…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
Democracy
Government of the people, both directly and indirectly, with…
Direct democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
93 terms
AP Government & Politics Vocabulary
Government
Factions
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
the System for implementing decisions made through the politi…
groups of like-minded people who try to influence the governm…
the division of government power across the judicial, executi…
A system in which each branch of the government has some powe…
Government
the System for implementing decisions made through the politi…
Factions
groups of like-minded people who try to influence the governm…
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
Democracy
Elite and class theory
Government
...
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
argues that society is divided along class lines and that an…
institutions that make public policy for a society.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCING GOVERNMENT IN…
...
Democracy
a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing governmen…
22 terms
PHCPrep AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
government
autocracy
oligarchy
democracy
the institutions and procedures through which a land and its…
a form of government in which a single individual rules
a form of government in which a small group of landowners, mi…
a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant…
government
the institutions and procedures through which a land and its…
autocracy
a form of government in which a single individual rules
147 terms
AP Government & Politics Important Vocabulary
adversary system
affirmative action
amendment
amicus curiae briefs
A system of law where the court is seen as a neutral area whe…
Government-mandate programs that seek to create special emplo…
Addition to the Constitution that require approval by two-thi…
"Friend of the court" briefs that qualified individuals or or…
adversary system
A system of law where the court is seen as a neutral area whe…
affirmative action
Government-mandate programs that seek to create special emplo…
194 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics: Vocabulary
Autonomy
Authoritarianism
Bicameral System
Bourgeoisie
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
A political system in which the legislature comprises two hou…
The property-owning class
Autonomy
The ability of the state to wield its power independently of…
Authoritarianism
A political system in which a small group of individuals exer…
396 terms
AP US Government and Politics
activation
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
Affirmative Action
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
A policy designed to give special compensation to a previousl…
Requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for the…
activation
One of three key consequences of electoral campaigns for vote…
Adarand Constructors v. Peña
1995 SuCo decision: Federal programs that classify based on r…
AP Government and Politics Vocabulary Chapter 5
Collective Bargaining
Recall
Faction
Pluralism
The process in which a union represents a group of employees…
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of off…
A term the founders used to refer to the political parties an…
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and co…
Collective Bargaining
The process in which a union represents a group of employees…
Recall
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of off…
132 terms
AP Government & Politics-Congress
How did the Framers view Congress?
What was the Framer's intent?
From 1789-1900, who dominated- Congres…
What was the first major piece of legi…
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
Congress, such as the issue of slavery
Missouri Compromise
How did the Framers view Congress?
being the most powerful branch, legislative branch- link to t…
What was the Framer's intent?
having two houses, prevent concentration of power into a sing…
424 terms
AP Government & Politics- AP Exam Vocabulary
governments
public goods
politics
political participation
the institutions and processes through which public policies…
foods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
the process by which we select our governmental leaders and w…
all the activities used by citizens to influence the selectio…
governments
the institutions and processes through which public policies…
public goods
foods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must…
94 terms
AP Comparative Government and Politics Great Britain Vocabulary
Alternate voting (AV)
Backbenchers
Beveridge Report
"Big Society"
a referendum that would have allowed voters to rank candidate…
The rear benches in the House of Commons where junior members…
provided for a social insurance program that made all citizen…
David Cameron's vision that is energized by grassroots volunt…
Alternate voting (AV)
a referendum that would have allowed voters to rank candidate…
Backbenchers
The rear benches in the House of Commons where junior members…
AP Government and Politics Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Politcal issue
Politics
Institutions
Political participation
A conflict, real or apparent, between the interests, ideas, o…
The activity by which an issue is agitated or settled
An ongoing organization that performs certain functions for s…
All the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the…
Politcal issue
A conflict, real or apparent, between the interests, ideas, o…
Politics
The activity by which an issue is agitated or settled
AP Government & Political Science
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
Ideas taken from Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu... Locke's pri…
State governments stronger than central government... No chief…
Theories of government (Political Theo…
Elitist theory-a small segment of the society dominated by th…
Initiative and referendum (Constitutio…
Initiatives and referendums are key components of direct demo…
AP Government and Politics: Vocabulary 4
Interest Groups
Political Action Committees
Lobbyist
Free rider problem
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal t…
A committee set up by a corporation, labor union, or interest…
A person who tries to influence legislation on behalf of an i…
the tendency of individuals to avoid contributing to public g…
Interest Groups
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal t…
Political Action Committees
A committee set up by a corporation, labor union, or interest…
AP Government and Politics: Vocabulary 3
Public Opinion
Poll
Random sample
Sampling Error
how people think or feel about particular things.
a survey of public opinion.
method of selecting from a population in which each person ha…
the difference between the results of random samples taken at…
Public Opinion
how people think or feel about particular things.
Poll
a survey of public opinion.
31 terms
AP Government and Politics - S
symbolic speech
supply-side theory
superdelegates
straight ticket
An act that conveys a political message
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to t…
Voting for candidates of the same party.
symbolic speech
An act that conveys a political message
supply-side theory
The belief that lower taxes and fewer regulations will stimul…
AP Government and Politics Chapter 7 Vocabulary
A politics in which the behavior of ci…
Television, radio, newspapers, magazin…
Events purposely staged for the media…
Meetings of public officials with repo…
High-tech Politics
Mass Media
Media Event
Press Conferences
A politics in which the behavior of ci…
High-tech Politics
Television, radio, newspapers, magazin…
Mass Media
60 terms
AP Government and Politics - Vocabulary #4
c appropriation
c appropriation commmitee
j appellate jurisdiction
bureaucracy
money that congress has allocated to be spent
congressional committee that deals with federal spending
authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court
departments, agencies, bureaus, and commissions in the execut…
c appropriation
money that congress has allocated to be spent
c appropriation commmitee
congressional committee that deals with federal spending
15 terms
AP Government & Politics: Vocabulary #11
Pork Barrel
Mark Up
Quorum
Reapportionment
The wasteful Congressional spending that is tasked onto bills…
A Congressional Committee action to amend a bill while it is…
The minimum number of Congressional members needed for the Ho…
The reallocation of House seats on the basis of changes in st…
Pork Barrel
The wasteful Congressional spending that is tasked onto bills…
Mark Up
A Congressional Committee action to amend a bill while it is…
AP US Government and Politics Vocabulary
Democracy
Direct democracy
Representative democracy
Constitutional democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
Government in which the people elect those who govern and pas…
A government that enforces recognized limits on those who gov…
Democracy
Government by the people, both directly or indirectly, with f…
Direct democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select official…
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