Study sets matching "apbio vocab"

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Study sets matching "apbio vocab"

32 terms
APBIO vocabulary
Speciation
Mutation
Directional Selection
Sexual Selection
the formation of new and distinct species in the course of ev…
the changing of the structure of a gene, resulting in a varia…
a population's genetic variance shifts toward a new phenotype…
natural selection arising through preference by one sex for c…
Speciation
the formation of new and distinct species in the course of ev…
Mutation
the changing of the structure of a gene, resulting in a varia…
13 terms
APBIO chapter 11 vocabulary
signal transduction pathway
local regulators
hormones
G protein coupled receptors
a series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surface is co…
messenger molecules that travel only short distances
chemicals plants and animals use in long distance signaling
plasma membrane receptor that works with the help of a protei…
signal transduction pathway
a series of steps by which a signal on a cell's surface is co…
local regulators
messenger molecules that travel only short distances
33 terms
APBio Chapter 7 Vocabulary
active transport
amphipathic
aquaporin
concentration gradient
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane against it…
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
a channel protein in the plasma membrane of a plant, animal,…
a region along which the density of a chemical substance incr…
active transport
the movement of a substance across a cell membrane against it…
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
37 terms
APBio Unit 1 Vocabulary (part 2)
Organic
Macromolecule
Polymer
Monomer
made of carbon
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
long molecule consisting of many similar or identical buildin…
repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer
Organic
made of carbon
Macromolecule
carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids
APBio Chapter 18 Vocabulary
operator
operon
repressor
regulatory gene
controls the access of RNA polymerase to the genes
the entire stretch of DNA required for enzyme production
binds to the operator and blocks attachment of RNA polymerase…
produce repressor; they are expressed continuously although a…
operator
controls the access of RNA polymerase to the genes
operon
the entire stretch of DNA required for enzyme production
APBIO Chapter 3 Vocabulary
ATP
Carbohydrate
Cellulose
Chaperone protein
Nucleotide with 3 phosphate groups
Class of organic compounds that typically contain carbon, hyd…
Polysaccharide that is the major complex carbohydrate in plan…
Molecule that directs the proper folding of polypeptides
ATP
Nucleotide with 3 phosphate groups
Carbohydrate
Class of organic compounds that typically contain carbon, hyd…
APBio Chapter 16 Vocabulary
DNA replication
transformation
bacteriophages
virus
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
viruses that infect bacteria
little more than DNA enclosed by a protective coat, which is…
DNA replication
the process by which a DNA molecule is copied
transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to the assimilation of…
APBio Chapter 17 Vocabulary
gene expression
transcription
mRNA
translation
process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins
is the synthesis of RNA using information in the DNA
carries a genetic message from the DNA to the protein-synthes…
synthesis of a polypeptide using the information in the mRNA
gene expression
process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins
transcription
is the synthesis of RNA using information in the DNA
63 terms
APBio Unit 1 Vocabulary (part 1)
Hydration Shell
Van Der Waals Interactions
Polar Molecule
Heat of Vaporization
sphere of water molecules around dissolved ion
weak attraction between molecules or part of molecules that r…
molecule (such as water) with opposite charges on a different…
quantity of heat a liquid must absorb for 1g of it to be conv…
Hydration Shell
sphere of water molecules around dissolved ion
Van Der Waals Interactions
weak attraction between molecules or part of molecules that r…
53 terms
APBio Unit 1 Vocabulary (part 3)
Integrins
Plasmodesmata
Extracellular Matrix ECM
Tight Junctions
cell surface receptor proteins that are built into the plasma…
channels through cell walls that connect the cytoplasms of th…
the substance in which animal tissue cells are embedded, cons…
continuous seals around the neighboring cells to prevent leak…
Integrins
cell surface receptor proteins that are built into the plasma…
Plasmodesmata
channels through cell walls that connect the cytoplasms of th…
APBIO Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Isotope
Buffer
pH scale
compound
Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a…
Substance or group of substances that tend to resist pH chang…
Measurement scale for hydrogen ion concentration
Substance having two or more different elements in a fixed ra…
Isotope
Atoms of the same element having the same atomic number but a…
Buffer
Substance or group of substances that tend to resist pH chang…
12 terms
Unit 1 vocabulary apbio
osmosis
diffusion
tonicity
hypertonic
diffusion of water across a membrane
the movement of a substance down its concentration gradient f…
the ability of a solution surrounding a cell will cause that…
concentration of the solution is greater on the outside of th…
osmosis
diffusion of water across a membrane
diffusion
the movement of a substance down its concentration gradient f…
APBio: Vocabulary Chapter 3
polar molecule
cohesion
adhesion
surface tension
A molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed in di…
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
the clinging of one substance to another, such as water to pl…
a measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surf…
polar molecule
A molecule whose overall charge is unevenly distributed in di…
cohesion
the linking together of like molecules, often by hydrogen bon…
27 terms
APBIO Ch. 28 vocabulary
ten percent law
energy pyramid
biomass pyramid
macronutrients
bodies of secondary consumers posses roughly 10% of the energ…
shows maximum energy available at the base and steadily dimin…
weight of living material at each trophic level
required by organisms in large quantities (water, carbon, hyd…
ten percent law
bodies of secondary consumers posses roughly 10% of the energ…
energy pyramid
shows maximum energy available at the base and steadily dimin…
21 terms
APBIO Ch. 27 vocabulary
competitive exclusion theory
ecological niche
resource partitioning
camoflage
no two species can inhabit exactly the same ecological niche…
encompasses all aspects of a species way of life
when species with similar ecological niches coexist and compe…
predators and prey have evolved colors, patterns, and shapes…
competitive exclusion theory
no two species can inhabit exactly the same ecological niche…
ecological niche
encompasses all aspects of a species way of life
8 terms
APBIO Section 14.5 Vocabulary
mutation
point mutation
nucleotide-pair substitution
silent mutation
change in nucleotide sequence of an organism's DNA
change in single nucleotide pair of a gene
point mutation in which one nucleotide in DNA strand and its…
nucleotide-pair substitution that has no observable effect on…
mutation
change in nucleotide sequence of an organism's DNA
point mutation
change in single nucleotide pair of a gene
60 terms
APBIO Ch 11 & 12 Vocabulary
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
a heritable feature that varies among individuals
each variant for a character
referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
crossing of two true-breeding varieties
character
a heritable feature that varies among individuals
trait
each variant for a character
ch. 35 APBIO plant vocabulary
bark
blade
axillary bud
terminal bud
All tissues external to the vascular cambium, consisting main…
(1) A leaflike structure of a seaweed that provides most of t…
A structure that has the potential to form a lateral shoot, o…
Embryonic tissue at the tip of a shoot, made up of developing…
bark
All tissues external to the vascular cambium, consisting main…
blade
(1) A leaflike structure of a seaweed that provides most of t…
36 terms
Biochemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary Terms - APBIO
element
compound
proton
neutron
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
a subatomic particle with a single positive electrical charge…
a subatomic particle having no electrical charge with a mass…
element
any substance that cannot be broken down to any other substan…
compound
a substance consisting of two or more different elements comb…
15 terms
Ch 14 Vocab APBio
Speciation
Biological Species Concept
Species
Reproductive isolation
The process in which a species splits into one or more species
The definition of a group of interbreeding populations
A group of populations whose members have the potential to in…
prevents genetic exchange and maintains a boundary between sp…
Speciation
The process in which a species splits into one or more species
Biological Species Concept
The definition of a group of interbreeding populations
34 terms
Ch 15 Vocab APBio
Stromatolites
Riozymes
Macroevoution
radiometric dating
Rocks that were built up by ancient photosynthetic prokaryotes
RNA that acts as enzymes and catalysts for their own replicat…
the broad pattern of changes in life on Earth
is a technique that is used to determine the ages of rocks an…
Stromatolites
Rocks that were built up by ancient photosynthetic prokaryotes
Riozymes
RNA that acts as enzymes and catalysts for their own replicat…
27 terms
APBio Vocab Ch13
Theory
evolution
strata
Paleontologists
a widely accepted explanatory idea that is broader in scope t…
the idea that living species are descendants o ancestral spec…
new layers of sediment cover older ones and compress them int…
scientists who study fossils.
Theory
a widely accepted explanatory idea that is broader in scope t…
evolution
the idea that living species are descendants o ancestral spec…
76 terms
Ch 28 APBio
Nervous system
neurons
cell body
central nervous system (CNS)
enables rapid coordination of body functions
nerve cells that transmit information through chemical and el…
part of a neuron, contains a nucleus and other organelles.
consists of the brain and spinal chord
Nervous system
enables rapid coordination of body functions
neurons
nerve cells that transmit information through chemical and el…
43 terms
Ch 5 Vocab APBio
Fluid mosaic model
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
Passive transport
used to describe a membrane's structure- diverse protein mole…
Net movement of molecules from the side where they are most c…
Tendency for particles of any substance to spread out into av…
Molecular diffusion across a membrane when the cell does no w…
Fluid mosaic model
used to describe a membrane's structure- diverse protein mole…
Concentration Gradient
Net movement of molecules from the side where they are most c…
24 terms
Ch 7 APBio Vocab
Photosynthesis
Autotrophs
Photoautotrophs
Heterotrophs
The process of plants using solar energy to convert CO2 and H…
"self-feeders" make their own food and are the ultimate sourc…
Plants and other photosynthesizers are _______ because they u…
These cannot make their own food but must consume plants or a…
Photosynthesis
The process of plants using solar energy to convert CO2 and H…
Autotrophs
"self-feeders" make their own food and are the ultimate sourc…
45 terms
Ch 9 vocab apbio
heredity
genetics
character
trait
transmission of traits between generations
scientific study of heredity
hereditable feature that varies among individuals
each variant of a character
heredity
transmission of traits between generations
genetics
scientific study of heredity
59 terms
Ch 8 APBio vocab
Cell Division
Chromosomes
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Cellular reproduction; produces two daughter cells
Structures that contain most of the cell's DNA.
The creation of genetically identical offspring be a single p…
Requires fertilization of an egg by a sperm
Cell Division
Cellular reproduction; produces two daughter cells
Chromosomes
Structures that contain most of the cell's DNA.
22 terms
APBio Vocab
A-, an-
Ab-
Ac-
-aceus; -aceous
No; lacking;none
Away from; out from
To; forward
Of or pertaining to
A-, an-
No; lacking;none
Ab-
Away from; out from
32 terms
APBio ch 8 BIF
photosynthesis
autotroph
photoautotroph
heterotroph
conversion of light energy into chemical energy of food
organism that synthesizes its food from inorganic compounds a…
organism that synthesizes its food from inorganic compounds a…
organism that obtains its food by consuming organisms (aka co…
photosynthesis
conversion of light energy into chemical energy of food
autotroph
organism that synthesizes its food from inorganic compounds a…
36 terms
APBIO CH.6 VOCAB
absorption spectrum
action spectrum
aerobic
anaerobic
graph of light absorption versus wavelength of light; shows h…
graph of a biological process versus light wavelength; shows…
In the presence of oxygen; requiring oxygen
Occurring without the use of molecular oxygen
absorption spectrum
graph of light absorption versus wavelength of light; shows h…
action spectrum
graph of a biological process versus light wavelength; shows…
48 terms
APBIO CH.3
activation energy (Ea)
active site
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
nucleic acid
The energy barrier that blocks the tendency for a chemical re…
The region on the surface of an enzyme or ribozyme where the…
The fundamental hereditary material of all living organisms.…
A polymer made up of nucleotides, specialized for the storage…
activation energy (Ea)
The energy barrier that blocks the tendency for a chemical re…
active site
The region on the surface of an enzyme or ribozyme where the…
27 terms
Chapter 7 APBio Vocab
active transport
amphipathic
aquaporin
concentration gradient
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane against it…
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
Eight channel proteins in the plasma membrane of a plant, ani…
A region along which the density of a chemical substance incr…
active transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane against it…
amphipathic
Having both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region
50 terms
APBIO CH.5
Fluid Mosaic model
Phospholipids
Peripheral membrane proteins
Integral membrane proteins
A molecular model for the structure of biological membranes c…
A lipid containing a phosphate group; an important constituen…
Proteins associated with but not embedded within the plasma m…
Proteins that are at least partially embedded in the plasma m…
Fluid Mosaic model
A molecular model for the structure of biological membranes c…
Phospholipids
A lipid containing a phosphate group; an important constituen…
42 terms
APBIO CH.4 VOCAB
Surface-area to volume ratio
Call membrane
Prokaryotes
Nucleoid
For any cell, organism, or geometric solid, the ratio of surf…
Lipid bilayer also containing proteins and other molecules th…
Uni cellular organisms that do not have a nuclei.
The region that harbors the chromosomes of a prokaryotic cell…
Surface-area to volume ratio
For any cell, organism, or geometric solid, the ratio of surf…
Call membrane
Lipid bilayer also containing proteins and other molecules th…
11 terms
APBIO Vocab Ch 25
protobionists
stromatolites
continental drift
heterochrony
a collection of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by…
layered rock that results from the activities of prokaryotes…
the slow movement of the continents across Earth's surface
evolutionary change in the timing or rate of an organism's de…
protobionists
a collection of abiotically produced molecules surrounded by…
stromatolites
layered rock that results from the activities of prokaryotes…
26 terms
APBIO Vocab Ch 7
Selectively Permeable
Amphipathic
Fluid mosaic model
Phospholipids
a property of biological membranes allows them to regulate th…
having both a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic region
the currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, when…
a lipid made up of glycerol joined by 2 fatty acids and a pho…
Selectively Permeable
a property of biological membranes allows them to regulate th…
Amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic region
18 terms
APBIO Vocab Ch 8
metabolism
metabolic pathways
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organisms' chemical reactions. consisting…
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
a metabolic pathway that releases energy by a breaking down c…
a metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
metabolism
the totality of an organisms' chemical reactions. consisting…
metabolic pathways
a series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
17 terms
APBIO Vocab Ch 26
phylogeny
systematics
taxonomy
binomial
the evolutionary history of a species or group of species
a discipline focused on classifying organisms and determining…
a scientific discipline concerned with naming and classifying…
two part format of a scientific name
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of a species or group of species
systematics
a discipline focused on classifying organisms and determining…
15 terms
APBIO Ch 23 Vocab
Microevolution
Population Genetics
Population
Gene Pool
change in the allele frequencies in a population over generat…
study of the distributional changes of allele frequency in a…
a group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
consists of all the alleles for all the loci in all individua…
Microevolution
change in the allele frequencies in a population over generat…
Population Genetics
study of the distributional changes of allele frequency in a…
15 terms
APBIO Vocab Ch 22
Evolution
Descent with Modification
Scala naturae
Endemic
descent with modification
a phrase that Darwin used in proposing Earth's species are de…
Linnaeus adopted a nesting classification, grouping similar s…
referring to a species that is continued to a specific geogra…
Evolution
descent with modification
Descent with Modification
a phrase that Darwin used in proposing Earth's species are de…
15 terms
APBIO Vocab Ch 24
speciation
microevolution
macroevolution
species
the process by which one species splits into 2+
change over time in allele frequencies in a population
the broad pattern of evolution over long time spans
a group of populations whose members have the potential to in…
speciation
the process by which one species splits into 2+
microevolution
change over time in allele frequencies in a population
APBio Midterm Part 3.5: Biochemistry: Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acids (COHNP)
DNA
RNA
ATP
Macromolecule that carries the genetic blueprint of a cell an…
Double-helical molecule that carries the hereditary informati…
Single-stranded, often internally base paired, molecle that s…
Energy molecule within cells in which High Energy Bonds are f…
Nucleic Acids (COHNP)
Macromolecule that carries the genetic blueprint of a cell an…
DNA
Double-helical molecule that carries the hereditary informati…
APBio Midterm Part 3: Biochemistry ALL
Organic Compounds
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Monomers
Compounds that contain carbon (C) and hydrogen (H)
Buildup reaction of the polymers in all organic compounds in…
Breakdown reaction of organic compounds in which a water mole…
Subunits or building blocks of macromolecules
Organic Compounds
Compounds that contain carbon (C) and hydrogen (H)
Dehydration Synthesis
Buildup reaction of the polymers in all organic compounds in…
APBio Midterm Part 3.4: Biochemistry: Proteins
Proteins (COHN)
Enzymes
Amylase
Pepsin
Made up of amino acids; have amino group and carboxyl group;…
Cellular catylsts that speed up chemical reactions in cells b…
Type of enzyme: starts the digestion of carbohydrates; found…
Type of enzyme: digests protein (proteases); found in human s…
Proteins (COHN)
Made up of amino acids; have amino group and carboxyl group;…
Enzymes
Cellular catylsts that speed up chemical reactions in cells b…
APBio Midterm Part 3.3: Biochemistry: Lipids
Lipids (COH)
Phospholipids
Glycolipds
Triglycerides
Macromolecule that is nonpolar and insoluable in water; synth…
Form double row spheres in water spontaneously; make up cell…
Found on the inside of cells
Used for energy storage; synthesized from 1 glycerol and 3 fa…
Lipids (COH)
Macromolecule that is nonpolar and insoluable in water; synth…
Phospholipids
Form double row spheres in water spontaneously; make up cell…
APBio Midterm Part 3.1: Organic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
Monomers
Compounds that contain carbon (C) and hydrogen (H)
Buildup reaction of the polymers in all organic compounds in…
Breakdown reaction of organic compounds in which a water mole…
Subunits or building blocks of macromolecules
Organic Compounds
Compounds that contain carbon (C) and hydrogen (H)
Dehydration Synthesis
Buildup reaction of the polymers in all organic compounds in…
29 terms
APBIO: Behavioral Ecology and Ethology Ch. 17
behavioral ecology
ethology
associative learning
classical conditioning
study of interaction between animals and their environment fr…
study of animal behavior
animals take one stimulus and associate it with another (such…
occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired; one stimulus i…
behavioral ecology
study of interaction between animals and their environment fr…
ethology
study of animal behavior
APBIO Unit7 Studyguide
Vocabulary
Motor output
Sensory output
Ganglion
__________
Activation of effector organs (muscles and glands) produces a…
Receiving signals from the environment (inside or outside the…
An anatomically isolated mass of nerve cell bodies
Vocabulary
__________
Motor output
Activation of effector organs (muscles and glands) produces a…
APBio Midterm Part 2: Evolution
Natural Selection
Lamarck (1809)
Darwin/Wallace (1859)
Homologous Structures
The process through which evolution ocurrs; individuals withi…
Theorized that changes ocurred in individuals in response to…
Disproved Lamarck in that changes in response to environment…
Parallel structures that come from a common ancestor and aris…
Natural Selection
The process through which evolution ocurrs; individuals withi…
Lamarck (1809)
Theorized that changes ocurred in individuals in response to…
APBio Midterm Part 3.2: Biochemistry: Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates (COH)
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
Cellulose
Made up of simple sugars called monosaccharides; have H:O rat…
Formed by the covalet glycosidic bond of two monosacchrides;…
Long chains of monosaccharides linked together by glycosidic…
Type of polysaccharide that composes plant cell walls; contai…
Carbohydrates (COH)
Made up of simple sugars called monosaccharides; have H:O rat…
Disaccharides
Formed by the covalet glycosidic bond of two monosacchrides;…
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