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59 terms
APE Chapter 3 Vocab
Vasco da Gama
St. Francis Xavier
Christopher Columbus
Columbian Exchange
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expe…
the apostle of India and Japan; influenced by St Ignatius of…
An Italian navigator who was funded by the Spanish Government…
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and ideas between…
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expe…
St. Francis Xavier
the apostle of India and Japan; influenced by St Ignatius of…
APE Chapter 3 Terms
Argument
Backing
Claim
Claim of fact
Process of reasoned inquiry; persuasive discourse resulting i…
In the Toulmin model, consists of further assurances/data wit…
Assertion/proposition, states the argument's main idea or pro…
Asserts something is true/not true
Argument
Process of reasoned inquiry; persuasive discourse resulting i…
Backing
In the Toulmin model, consists of further assurances/data wit…
37 terms
Chapter 3 APE
Ad Hominem
Ad populum (bandwagaon appeal)
Appeal to false authority
Argument
Latin for "to the man". Switches argument from the issue at h…
Occurs when evidence boils down to "Everybody's doing it, so…
Occurs when someone who has no expertise is cited as an autho…
Process of reasoned inquiry; persuasive resulting in a cohere…
Ad Hominem
Latin for "to the man". Switches argument from the issue at h…
Ad populum (bandwagaon appeal)
Occurs when evidence boils down to "Everybody's doing it, so…
44 terms
APES Chapter 3 Vocab
Ecology
Organism
Population
Community
Biological science that studies the relationships between liv…
Any single form of life
Group of individual organisms of the same species living in a…
Populations of all species living and interacting in an area…
Ecology
Biological science that studies the relationships between liv…
Organism
Any single form of life
43 terms
APES Chapter 3
ecosystem
Ecosystem Boundaries
Ecosystem Processes
Cellular Respiration
A particular location on earth distinguished by its particula…
Some ecosystems, such as a caves and lakes have very distinct…
Even though it is helpful to distinguish between two differen…
the process by which other organisms gain energy from eating…
ecosystem
A particular location on earth distinguished by its particula…
Ecosystem Boundaries
Some ecosystems, such as a caves and lakes have very distinct…
49 terms
APES- Chapter 3
Biosphere
Producer
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
The region of our planet where life resides.
An organism that uses the energy of the sun to produce usable…
The process by which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
The process by which cells unlock the energy of chemical comp…
Biosphere
The region of our planet where life resides.
Producer
An organism that uses the energy of the sun to produce usable…
28 terms
AP Stats: Chapter 3
Distribution
Histogram
Gap
Stem-and-leaf display
The distribution of a quantitative variable slices up all the…
A histogram uses adjacent bars to show the distribution of a…
A region of the distribution where there are no values
Shows quantitative data values in a way that sketches the dis…
Distribution
The distribution of a quantitative variable slices up all the…
Histogram
A histogram uses adjacent bars to show the distribution of a…
15 terms
AP Government Chapter 3
Necessary and Proper Clause
Dual federalism
Unitary System
Sovereignty
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national government
supreme or ultimate political authority.
Necessary and Proper Clause
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
Dual federalism
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
14 terms
AP Stats Chapter 3
comparative bar chart
pie chart
segmented bar chart
stem-and-leaf display
Two or more bar charts that use the same set of horizontal or…
A graph of a frequency distribution for a categorical data se…
A graph of a frequency distribution for a categorical data se…
A method of organizing numerical data in which the stem value…
comparative bar chart
Two or more bar charts that use the same set of horizontal or…
pie chart
A graph of a frequency distribution for a categorical data se…
18 terms
AP Government Chapter 3
Necessary and Proper Clause
Nullification
Dual federalism
Unitary System
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national government
Necessary and Proper Clause
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
Nullification
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
36 terms
AP Music Theory Chapter 3
Tonic
Supertonic
Mediant
Subdominant
First note of a scale (do)
Second note of the scale (re)
Third note of a scale (mi)
Fourth note of a scale (fa)
Tonic
First note of a scale (do)
Supertonic
Second note of the scale (re)
18 terms
AP Government Chapter 3
Necessary and Proper Clause
Nullification
Dual federalism
Unitary System
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in i…
sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national government
Necessary and Proper Clause
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all law…
Nullification
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
isomers
structural isomers
geometric isomers
enantiomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
same covalent bonds, differ in arrangement around double bond
left and right handed (mirror images) of each other
isomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
structural isomers
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
30 terms
APES Chapter 3 Vocabulary
species
population
evolution
natural selection
Group of organisms that resemble one another in appearance, b…
Group of individual organisms of the same species living in a…
the change in heritable traits of biological populations over…
the gradual process by which heritable biological traits beco…
species
Group of organisms that resemble one another in appearance, b…
population
Group of individual organisms of the same species living in a…
45 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 3
Biosphere
Producer
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
The process by which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
The process by which cells unlock the energy of chemical comp…
Biosphere
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
Producer
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
23 terms
AP Statistics Chapter 3 VOCAB
Response Variable
Explanatory Variable
Scatterplot
Positive Association
measures an outcome of a study
may help explain or predict changes in a response variable
shows the relationship between two quantitative variables mea…
data points that generally go upward from left to right, some…
Response Variable
measures an outcome of a study
Explanatory Variable
may help explain or predict changes in a response variable
53 terms
Chapter 3 (Friedland) Hug AP ENVIRO
Biosphere
Producer
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
The process by which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
The process by which cells unlock the energy of chemical comp…
Biosphere
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
Producer
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
61 terms
AP Music Theory Chapter 3
scales
chromatic scale
Asymmetrical (scale)
major scale
ordered collection of pitches in whole- and half-step pattern…
a symmetrical scale with all pitches spaced a half-step apart…
A scale made using a pattern of whole and half steps.
All major scales share the same pattern: W-W-H-W-W-W-H (repre…
scales
ordered collection of pitches in whole- and half-step pattern…
chromatic scale
a symmetrical scale with all pitches spaced a half-step apart…
83 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
isomers
structural isomers
geometric isomers
enantiomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
same covalent bonds, differ in arrangement around double bond
left and right handed (mirror images) of each other
isomers
compounds- same molecular formula, different structural formu…
structural isomers
differ in arrangement of atoms and often in location of doubl…
37 terms
AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness
consciousness
circadian rhythm
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep
alpha waves
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during whic…
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
circadian rhythm
the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of…
28 terms
AP Stats: Chapter 3
Distribution
Histogram
Gap
Stem-and-leaf display
The distribution of a quantitative variable slices up all the…
A histogram uses adjacent bars to show the distribution of a…
A region of the distribution where there are no values
Shows quantitative data values in a way that sketches the dis…
Distribution
The distribution of a quantitative variable slices up all the…
Histogram
A histogram uses adjacent bars to show the distribution of a…
25 terms
AP Physics 1 Chapter 3
IV
II
4.0 m/s*s
downward graph and straight across graph
in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subt…
in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addi…
an object is released from rest on a planet that has no atmos…
a projectile is fired with the initial velocity Vo at angle t…
IV
in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector subt…
II
in the figure above, which diagram represents the vector addi…
24 terms
AP History Chapter 3 Terms
Cotton Mather
The Enlightenment
Covenant
Triangular Trade
*One of colonial New England's most eminent clergyman
"Age of Reason" A movement that emphasized science and reason…
A solemn agreement between people or between God and man invo…
Commerce linking Africa, the New World colonies, and Europe;…
Cotton Mather
*One of colonial New England's most eminent clergyman
The Enlightenment
"Age of Reason" A movement that emphasized science and reason…
25 terms
Ap chapter 3 roots
ad
ante
bi
circum
to/toward
before
two
around
ad
to/toward
ante
before
51 terms
APES Chapter 3: Ecosystem Ecology
Ecosystem
Producer
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
a location of interacting biotic and abiotic components.
an organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
able to produces it's own food
process by which producers convert water and carbon dioxide i…
Ecosystem
a location of interacting biotic and abiotic components.
Producer
an organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
14 terms
AP Gov Chapter 3 Federalism
Federalism
Supremacy clause
Enumerated powers
Implied powers
System of government, national and state gov divided and bala…
Constitution is the ultimate law in US
list of items that Congress is allowed to do
allow Congress to have more powers that was in the Constitution
Federalism
System of government, national and state gov divided and bala…
Supremacy clause
Constitution is the ultimate law in US
22 terms
AP HuG: Chapter 3 - Migration
voluntary migration
Asylum Seeker
brain drain
chain migration
permanent movement undertaken by choice
Someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of be…
large-scale emigration by talented people
migration of people to a specific location because relatives…
voluntary migration
permanent movement undertaken by choice
Asylum Seeker
Someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of be…
66 terms
AP psychology chapter 3
biopsychology
neuroscience
evolution
natural selection
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
the gradual change in a species over time
the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variat…
biopsychology
Specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biolo…
neuroscience
perspective on psychology that emphasizes the study of the br…
39 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
ADP (adenosine diphosphate):
Amino acid:
ATP (adenosine triphosphate):
Biomolecule:
nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
nucleotide with three phosphate groups. The breakdown of ATP…
organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate):
nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Amino acid:
organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
38 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 3
English cultural domination
John Copley
Benjamin West
Benjamin Franklin
Most of the population of the colonies was English, but Afric…
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
Writer and scientist; author of Poor Richard's Almanack and i…
English cultural domination
Most of the population of the colonies was English, but Afric…
John Copley
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
65 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 3 take 2
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
amino group
carbonyl group
carboxyl group
an adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
a chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
a chemical group present in aldehydes and ketones and consist…
a chemical group present in organic acids and consisting of a…
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
an adenine-containing nucleoside triphosphate that releases f…
amino group
a chemical group consisting of a nitrogen atom bonded to two…
76 terms
AP Psych Chapter 3
Neuroanatomy
Neuron
Dendrites
Cell body
- The study of the parts and functions of neurons... - These cel…
- Neural cell... - Made up of specific structures: dendrites, ce…
- Root like parts of the cell that stretch out from the cell…
- Contains the nucleus and other parts of the cell needed to…
Neuroanatomy
- The study of the parts and functions of neurons... - These cel…
Neuron
- Neural cell... - Made up of specific structures: dendrites, ce…
59 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 - The Chemistry Of Organic Molecules
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Molecules
Biomolecules
The chemistry of living organisms
The chemistry of nonliving matter
Molecules that contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms
Classes of organic compounds in living things: carbohydrates,…
Organic Chemistry
The chemistry of living organisms
Inorganic Chemistry
The chemistry of nonliving matter
58 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3
ADP (adenosine diphosphate):
Amino acid:
ATP (adenosine triphosphate):
Biomolecule:
nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
nucleotide with three phosphate groups. The breakdown of ATP…
organic molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydra…
ADP (adenosine diphosphate):
nucleotide with two phosphate groups that can accept another…
Amino acid:
organic molecule composed of an amino group and an acid group…
54 terms
AP European History: Chapter 3 - Mr. Tittl
The Columbian Exchange
Vasco da Gama
The Italien Influence
The Italien city-states
The trade patterns that developed after the European "discove…
A Portuguese explorer who sailed around the southern tip of A…
The influence that Italy had on the rest of Europe in respect…
Independent city states that were able to survive as nations…
The Columbian Exchange
The trade patterns that developed after the European "discove…
Vasco da Gama
A Portuguese explorer who sailed around the southern tip of A…
16 terms
AP Calculus AB - Chapter 3 Derivatives
Derivative of sin(x)
Derivative of cos(x)
Derivative of tan(x)
Derivative of csc(x)
Derivative of sin(x)
Derivative of cos(x)
102 terms
APES Chapter 3
ecology
species
ecosystem
biodiversity
Study of the interactions of living organisms with one anothe…
Group of organisms that resemble one another in appearance, b…
Community of different species interacting with one another a…
Variety of different species (species diversity), genetic var…
ecology
Study of the interactions of living organisms with one anothe…
species
Group of organisms that resemble one another in appearance, b…
32 terms
APES Chapter 3 WHS
Matter
Atoms
Elements
Bioshpere
physical substance that occupies space and possesses rest mass
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a substance that cannot be seperated or broken down into simp…
the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of th…
Matter
physical substance that occupies space and possesses rest mass
Atoms
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
34 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 3
English cultural domination
Benjamin West
John Copley
Benjamin Franklin
In the 18th century, cultural life in the colonies was domina…
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
He was the most popular and successful American writer of the…
English cultural domination
In the 18th century, cultural life in the colonies was domina…
Benjamin West
Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training…
80 terms
AP Bio Chapter 3
Organic Compound
4 Main Classes
Macromolecules
Carbon
A Compound containing carbon
Lipids... Carbohydrates... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Has 4 electrons in its valence shell leaving 4 available site…
Organic Compound
A Compound containing carbon
4 Main Classes
Lipids... Carbohydrates... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
18 terms
AP Calculus - Chapter 3 Derivative Rules
Def: Derivative of sin(x)
Def: Derivative of cos(x)
Def: Derivative of tan(x)
Def: Derivative of cot(x)
Def: Derivative of sin(x)
Def: Derivative of cos(x)
20 terms
AP Biology Principles of Life Chapter 3 Terms
Amino Acid
R Group
Peptide Linkage (bond)
Primary Structure
An organic compound containing both NH2 and COOH groups.
The distinguishing group of atoms of a particular amino acid…
The bond between amino acids in a protein; formed between a c…
The specific sequence of amino acids in a protein
Amino Acid
An organic compound containing both NH2 and COOH groups.
R Group
The distinguishing group of atoms of a particular amino acid…
38 terms
APES Chapter 3 Ecosystems
Ecology
Organism
Species
Population
Biological science that studies the relationships between liv…
Any single form of life
Group of organisms that resemble one another in appearance, b…
Group of individual organisms of the same species living in a…
Ecology
Biological science that studies the relationships between liv…
Organism
Any single form of life
14 terms
AP Stats Chapter 3
comparative bar chart
pie chart
segmented bar chart
stem-and-leaf display
Two or more bar charts that use the same set of horizontal or…
A graph of a frequency distribution for a categorical data se…
A graph of a frequency distribution for a categorical data se…
A method of organizing numerical data in which the stem value…
comparative bar chart
Two or more bar charts that use the same set of horizontal or…
pie chart
A graph of a frequency distribution for a categorical data se…
45 terms
PreAP Spa 2 Chapter 3 Vocabulario
la computadora
el teclado
el monitor
el disquete
computer
keyboard
monitor
disk
la computadora
computer
el teclado
keyboard
38 terms
APE11-Chapter 3
argument
Rogerian arguments
claim (assertion/proposition)
claims of fact
persuasive discourse, a coherent and considered movement from…
having a full understanding of an opposing position is essent…
that states the argument's main idea or position
asserts that something is true or not true
argument
persuasive discourse, a coherent and considered movement from…
Rogerian arguments
having a full understanding of an opposing position is essent…
67 terms
AP Psych Vocab: Chapter 3
absolute threshold
Webers law
iris
fovea
minimum amount of energy that can be detected 50% of the time
the difference threshold is a constant proportion of the spec…
colored part of eye
center of visual field
absolute threshold
minimum amount of energy that can be detected 50% of the time
Webers law
the difference threshold is a constant proportion of the spec…
43 terms
AP Chapter 3 Vocabulary
consciousness
cognitive neuroscience
dual processing
blindsight
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
the principle that information is often simultaneously proces…
a condition in which a person can respond to a visual stimulu…
consciousness
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
cognitive neuroscience
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with…
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