Study sets matching "apes science ap"

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Study sets matching "apes science ap"

80 terms
AP Environmental Science: Pollution
Biochemical Oxygen Demand
Cultural Eutrophication
Fecal Coli Form
Sediment Pollution
Amount of oxygen required by aquatic bacteria to decompose gi…
When a water source is polluted by chemical nutrients (like p…
Bacteria found within the intestines of humans and animals, u…
Sediments cloud the water and contaminates drinking water. Is…
Biochemical Oxygen Demand
Amount of oxygen required by aquatic bacteria to decompose gi…
Cultural Eutrophication
When a water source is polluted by chemical nutrients (like p…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12
Fossil Fuel
Nonrenewable energy resource
Nuclear fuel
Worldwide Annual Energy Consumption
A fuel derived from biological material that became fossilize…
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
Fuel derived from radioactive materials that give off energy
Fossil Fuels- 82% (550 exajoules) (75 GJ per person per year)…
Fossil Fuel
A fuel derived from biological material that became fossilize…
Nonrenewable energy resource
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
22 terms
AP Environmental Science Soil Terms
Clay
Silt
Sand
Alkalinity
smallest particles
2nd smallest
Largest
Basic Absorbs hydrogen releases hydroxide
Clay
smallest particles
Silt
2nd smallest
60 terms
AP Environmental Science Biomes
Tundra: location
Tundra: climate
Tundra: unique environmental conditions
Tundra: flora
Arctic circle. northern Canada, Alaska, and Siberia
coldest of all biomes. little precipitation
permafrost layers
mosses, lichens, low shrubs, perennial grass
Tundra: location
Arctic circle. northern Canada, Alaska, and Siberia
Tundra: climate
coldest of all biomes. little precipitation
36 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 5
ecosystem diversity
species diversity
genetic diversity
species richness
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
the measure of the variety of genes within a species
the number of species in a given area
ecosystem diversity
the measure of the variety of ecosystems within a region
species diversity
the measure of the variety of species within an ecosystem
52 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 6
population
community
population ecology
population size
composed of all individuals that belong to the same species a…
incorporates all of the populations of organisms within a giv…
the study of factors that cause populations to increase or de…
the total number of individuals within a defined area at a gi…
population
composed of all individuals that belong to the same species a…
community
incorporates all of the populations of organisms within a giv…
51 terms
AP Environmental science Chapter 3
Producer
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
The process by which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
The process by which cells convert glucose and oxygen into en…
Producer
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
Autotroph
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
104 terms
AP Environmental Science - Population
Population
Species
Population Dynamics
Crude Birth Rate
A group of specific individuals of the same species living in…
All individual capable of interbreeding
Study of how population changes
Number of births per 1,000 individuals per year
Population
A group of specific individuals of the same species living in…
Species
All individual capable of interbreeding
AP Environmental Science Chapter 4
Climate
Troposphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
The average weather that occurs in a given region over a long…
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
The densest layer of the atmosphere and it is where most of t…
The layer of the atmosphere above the troposphere, extending…
Climate
The average weather that occurs in a given region over a long…
Troposphere
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
AP Environmental Science - Soil
What are the four elements found in th…
List the three types of plate boundari…
List the three types of convergent bou…
Describe the three types of rocks and…
O: 47%, Si: 28%, Al: 8%, Fe: 5%
Divergent: Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Convergent, Transform: San And…
Oceanic-Continental: Juan de Fuca, Oceanic-Oceanic: Japanese…
Igneous rocks are formed by solidified magma (granite, basalt…
What are the four elements found in th…
O: 47%, Si: 28%, Al: 8%, Fe: 5%
List the three types of plate boundari…
Divergent: Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Convergent, Transform: San And…
44 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 14
Geology
Core
Mantle
Asthenosphere
Study of the earth's dynamic history. Geologists study and an…
Inner zone of the Earth. It consists of a solid inner core an…
Zone of the earth's interior between its core and its crust
Zone of Earth's mantle lying beneath the lithosphere and beli…
Geology
Study of the earth's dynamic history. Geologists study and an…
Core
Inner zone of the Earth. It consists of a solid inner core an…
19 terms
AP Environmental Science: Biodiversity
Biodiversity
Species Diversity
Genetic Diversity
Ecosystem Diversity
(vital renewable resource) the variety of the earth's species…
number of different species (species richness) combined with…
variability in the genetic makeup among individuals within a…
the earth's variety of deserts, lakes, oceans, forests, wetla…
Biodiversity
(vital renewable resource) the variety of the earth's species…
Species Diversity
number of different species (species richness) combined with…
16 terms
AP Environmental Science-Populations
Biotic potential
Ecological Footprint
r-strategists
k-strategists
The maximum rate at which a population can grow
The demand of an individual with an average amount of resources
Species with high reproductive rates
Species that reproduce later in life with fewer offspring
Biotic potential
The maximum rate at which a population can grow
Ecological Footprint
The demand of an individual with an average amount of resources
33 terms
Environmental Science AP Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
The number of species estimated today
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
Roughly ten million
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
26 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Asthenosphere
Base saturation
Cation exchange capacity (CEC)
Convergent plate boundary
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
the proportion of soil bases to soil acids, expressed as a pe…
the ability of a particular soil to absorb and release cations.
an area where plates move toward one another and collide.
Asthenosphere
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Base saturation
the proportion of soil bases to soil acids, expressed as a pe…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 13
Energy Conservation
Tiered Rate System
Peak demand
Passive Solar Design
Finding and implementing ways to use less energy; Closely lin…
A billing system used by some electric companies in which cus…
The greatest quantity of energy used at any one time ... -Can be…
Construction designed to take advantage of solar radiation wi…
Energy Conservation
Finding and implementing ways to use less energy; Closely lin…
Tiered Rate System
A billing system used by some electric companies in which cus…
42 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 2
matter
mass
molecules
compounds
anything that occupies space and has mass
Amount of matter in an object
Groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
molecules that contain more than one element
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
mass
Amount of matter in an object
104 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 3
Biosphere (bio = life)
Producer
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
The process by which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
The process by which cells unlock the energy of chemical comp…
Biosphere (bio = life)
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
Producer
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
32 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 20
Well-being
Economics
Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI)
Technology Transfer
The status of being healthy, happy, and prosperous.
The study of how people and societies use limited resources t…
A measurement of the economy that considers personal consumpt…
The phenomenon of less developed countries adopting technolog…
Well-being
The status of being healthy, happy, and prosperous.
Economics
The study of how people and societies use limited resources t…
AP Environmental Science Biomes
biome
tundra
boreal forest
temperate rain forest
a large, relatively distinct terrestrial region with a simila…
also called arctic tundra; the treeless biome in the far nort…
also called taiga; a region of coniferous forest (pine, spruc…
a coniferous biome with cool weather, dense fog, and high pre…
biome
a large, relatively distinct terrestrial region with a simila…
tundra
also called arctic tundra; the treeless biome in the far nort…
22 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 19
Tar sands
Bitumen
work
joules
An underground sand deposit permeated with a thick, asphalt-l…
The heaviest, thickest form of petroleum.
Force x Distance
the SI unit of energy that is the energy transferred. J = N * m
Tar sands
An underground sand deposit permeated with a thick, asphalt-l…
Bitumen
The heaviest, thickest form of petroleum.
27 terms
Chapter 10 AP Environmental Science
4 Land Uses
Environmental effects of Grazing
Desertification Process: (5 steps)
3 Types of Timber/Deforestation
-Grazing... -Timber... -Mining... -Urbanization/Sprawl
Overgrazing leads to:... -Loss of biodiversity (no native animal…
-Livestock consumes the vegetation... -After, they consume the r…
-Clear-cutting... -Selective cutting... -Ecologically sustainable f…
4 Land Uses
-Grazing... -Timber... -Mining... -Urbanization/Sprawl
Environmental effects of Grazing
Overgrazing leads to:... -Loss of biodiversity (no native animal…
71 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 8
Hadean
Holocene
Carboniferous
Proterozoic
Pre Cambrian. Before Archezoic. Rockless, formation of Earth,…
Cenozoic. After Pleistocene. Age of Man, human civilization,…
Paleozoic. After Devonian, before Permian. Coal age, coal swa…
Pre Cambrian. After Archezoic, before Cambrian. Stromatolites…
Hadean
Pre Cambrian. Before Archezoic. Rockless, formation of Earth,…
Holocene
Cenozoic. After Pleistocene. Age of Man, human civilization,…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12
food security
food insecurity
chronic undernutrition, or hunger
aquaculture
Every person in a given area has daily access to enough nutri…
Living with chronic hunger and poor nutrition, which threaten…
Conditions suffered by people who cannot grow or buy enough f…
The raising of plants or animals, such as fish or shellfish,…
food security
Every person in a given area has daily access to enough nutri…
food insecurity
Living with chronic hunger and poor nutrition, which threaten…
63 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 2
matter
mass
atom
element
-anything that occupies space and has mass... made of atoms... -aft…
a measurement of the amount of matter an object contains
the smallest particle than can contain the chemical propertie…
-a substance composed of atoms that cannot be broken down int…
matter
-anything that occupies space and has mass... made of atoms... -aft…
mass
a measurement of the amount of matter an object contains
AP Environmental Science Chapter 5
Species Richness
Species Eveness
Phylogeny
Roughly ten million
The number of species in a given area
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
The branching pattern of evolutionary relationships
How many species are there estimated to be today?
Species Richness
The number of species in a given area
Species Eveness
The relative proportion of individuals within the different s…
21 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 7
Demography
demographers
emigration
crude birth rate (CBR)
the study of human populations and population trends
a scientist in the field of demography
the movement of people out of a country or region, to settle…
the number of births per year per 1,000 individuals per year
Demography
the study of human populations and population trends
demographers
a scientist in the field of demography
32 terms
Chapter 10 AP Environmental Science
Wangari Maathai
Old growth
Secondary growth
Tree plantations
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed
-after secondary succession... -stand of trees
-managed forest... -one or two species of trees at same age... -har…
Wangari Maathai
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
Old growth
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed
262 terms
AP Environmental Science Exam Review
abiotic
acid
A horizon
alkaline
Pertaining to factors or things that are separate and indepen…
Any compound that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in wa…
a soil horizon; the layer below the O layer is called the A l…
a basic substance; chemically, a substance that absorbs hydro…
abiotic
Pertaining to factors or things that are separate and indepen…
acid
Any compound that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in wa…
22 terms
AP Environmental Science: Energy
energy
United States
Globally
Units
=
37% oil, 23% coal, 24% natural gas, 7% renewable, 9% nuclear
20% of the world's population uses 70% of the energy:... 34% oil…
1 calorie = 4.1800 J... 1 BTU = 1055 J... 1 KWH = 3,600,00 J (3.6 MJ)
energy
=
United States
37% oil, 23% coal, 24% natural gas, 7% renewable, 9% nuclear
54 terms
AP Environmental Science: Chapter 8
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
molten rock
the layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
the innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
the layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
262 terms
AP Environmental Science Exam Review
abiotic
acid
A horizon
alkaline
Pertaining to factors or things that are separate and indepen…
Any compound that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in wa…
a soil horizon; the layer below the O layer is called the A l…
a basic substance; chemically, a substance that absorbs hydro…
abiotic
Pertaining to factors or things that are separate and indepen…
acid
Any compound that releases hydrogen ions when dissolved in wa…
AP Environmental Science Chapter 3
Biosphere
Producer
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
The process by which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
The process by which cells unlock the energy of chemical comp…
Biosphere
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
Producer
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
24 terms
Environmental Science for AP - Chapter 9
Aquifers
Unconfined Aquifer
Confined Aquifer
Water Table
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
Aquifers covered by an impermeable and confining layer impedi…
Uppermost aquifer layer where water fully saturates the rock…
Aquifers
Permeable layers of rock and sediment that contain groundwate…
Unconfined Aquifer
Water can flow easily in and out of the aquifer. Porous rock…
APES Introduction to Environmental Science
Environmental Science
Ecology
Environmentalism
Sustainability
The study of the natural processes that occur in the environm…
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
A social movement dedicated to protecting the earth's life su…
The ability to keep in existence or maintain. A sustainable e…
Environmental Science
The study of the natural processes that occur in the environm…
Ecology
Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
39 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12
food security
food insecurity
chronic undernutrition, or hunger
aquaculture
Every person in a given area has daily access to enough nutri…
Living with chronic hunger and poor nutrition, which threaten…
Conditions suffered by people who cannot grow or buy enough f…
The raising of plants or animals, such as fish or shellfish,…
food security
Every person in a given area has daily access to enough nutri…
food insecurity
Living with chronic hunger and poor nutrition, which threaten…
41 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 9
Honeybee Importance
Bee facts
Colony collapse disorder
Biological extinction
-provide pollination: transfer of pollen among plants enablin…
-30,000-100,000 in the hive... -⅓ human food supply comes from p…
European honeybees disappear from colony in the winter and do…
Species can no longer be found anywhere on the earth
Honeybee Importance
-provide pollination: transfer of pollen among plants enablin…
Bee facts
-30,000-100,000 in the hive... -⅓ human food supply comes from p…
AP Environmental Science Unit 2
Consumer (Heterotroph)
Trophic Levels
Biosphere
Net Primary Productivity
An organism that is incapable of photosynthesis and must obta…
The successive levels of organisms consuming one another
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
The energy captured by producers in an ecosystem minus the en…
Consumer (Heterotroph)
An organism that is incapable of photosynthesis and must obta…
Trophic Levels
The successive levels of organisms consuming one another
38 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 3
ecosystem
producers; autotrophs
photosynthesis
consumers; heterotrophs
a particular location on Earth distinguished by its particula…
organisms that use the suns's energy to produce usable forms…
the process in which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
are incapable of photosynthesis and must obtain their energy…
ecosystem
a particular location on Earth distinguished by its particula…
producers; autotrophs
organisms that use the suns's energy to produce usable forms…
310 terms
AP Environmental Science |Terms Test
Environmental Science
Ecosystem
Ecosystem Services
Environmental Indicators
Field that looks at interactions among human systems and thos…
Particular location on Earth whose interacting components inc…
Process by which life supporting resources such as clean wate…
Describe the current state of an environmental system.
Environmental Science
Field that looks at interactions among human systems and thos…
Ecosystem
Particular location on Earth whose interacting components inc…
AP Environmental Science Soil
soil
Mineral Particles... Organic Matter... Water…
45%
5%
relatively thin surface layer of the Earth's crust consisting…
What is the composition of soil? (4 Distinct Parts)
What % does mineral particles make up in soil?
What % does organic material make up in soil?
soil
relatively thin surface layer of the Earth's crust consisting…
Mineral Particles... Organic Matter... Water…
What is the composition of soil? (4 Distinct Parts)
35 terms
AP Environmental Science Biomes
Climate of the tropical forest?
Climate of the tundra?
Where is the tropical forest located?
Where is the tundra found?
The climate is very humid because of all the rainfall, which…
The tundra has one of the harshest climates. There are only 6…
The rainforests are located in Central America in the Amazon…
The tundra is found in Alaska, Russia, northern Scandinavia,…
Climate of the tropical forest?
The climate is very humid because of all the rainfall, which…
Climate of the tundra?
The tundra has one of the harshest climates. There are only 6…
24 terms
Ch 07 - AP Environmental Science (Friedland)
Demography
Demographer
Immigration
Emigration
The study of human populations and population trends.
A scientist in the field of demography.
The movement of people into a country or region, from another…
The movement of people out of a country or region.
Demography
The study of human populations and population trends.
Demographer
A scientist in the field of demography.
43 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 6
population
community
population ecology
population size
composed of all individuals that belong to the same species a…
incorporates all of the populations of organisms within a giv…
the study of factors that cause populations to increase or de…
the total number of individuals within a defined area at a gi…
population
composed of all individuals that belong to the same species a…
community
incorporates all of the populations of organisms within a giv…
42 terms
Chapter 10 AP Environmental Science
Wangari Maathai
Old growth
Secondary growth
Tree plantations
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed by human activities
-after secondary succession... -stand of trees
-managed forest... -one or two species of trees at same age... -har…
Wangari Maathai
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
Old growth
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed by human activities
64 terms
AP Environmental Science Chapter 12
Nonrenewable energy resources
Units of energy
Joule
Watt
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
A gigajoule (GJ) is 1 billion (1 × 109) joules, or about as m…
The amount of energy used when a one-watt electrical device i…
equivalent to one joule per second
Nonrenewable energy resources
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil f…
Units of energy
A gigajoule (GJ) is 1 billion (1 × 109) joules, or about as m…
42 terms
Chapter 10 AP Environmental Science
Wangari Maathai
Old growth
Secondary growth
Tree plantations
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed by human activities
-after secondary succession... -stand of trees
-managed forest... -one or two species of trees at same age... -har…
Wangari Maathai
Woman who started the green belt movement to plant millions o…
Old growth
-uncut/regenerated... -not seriously disturbed by human activities
28 terms
AP Environmental Science: Ecology Unit
Ecology
Organism
Species
Microbes
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Any living thing. The fundamental unit of ecology.
A group of organisms that resemble one another in appearance,…
Term used to describe all bacteria, protozoa, fungi, and yeas…
Ecology
The branch of biology that deals with the relations of organi…
Organism
Any living thing. The fundamental unit of ecology.
AP Environmental Science Chapter 7
life expectancy and infant mortality
infant mortality rate
high, low
highly developed countries
these two factors have to do with level of development in a c…
statistic to measue how many children die before the age of one
low developed countries have a ---------- infant mortality ra…
good sanitation... few childhood diseases... men = 75 years... women =…
life expectancy and infant mortality
these two factors have to do with level of development in a c…
infant mortality rate
statistic to measue how many children die before the age of one
34 terms
Environmental Science for AP* Chapter 1
environment
environmental science
system
ecosystem
All of the many factors that influence and affect life in an…
the field that looks at interactions among human systems and…
any set of interacting components that influence one another…
a particular location on Earth whose interacting components i…
environment
All of the many factors that influence and affect life in an…
environmental science
the field that looks at interactions among human systems and…
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