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Study sets matching "applied behavior analysis chapter 10"

11 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Chapter 10 Terms
Component Analysis
Direct Replication
Double-Blind Study
Placebo Control
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
A procedure that prevents the subject and the observer(s) fro…
A procedure that prevents a subject from detecting the presen…
Component Analysis
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
Direct Replication
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
11 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Chapter 10 Terms
Component Analysis
Direct Replication
Double-Blind Study
Placebo Control
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
A procedure that prevents the subject and the observer(s) fro…
A procedure that prevents a subject from detecting the presen…
Component Analysis
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
Direct Replication
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
11 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Chapter 10 Terms
Component Analysis
Direct Replication
Double-Blind Study
Placebo Control
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
A procedure that prevents the subject and the observer(s) fro…
A procedure that prevents a subject from detecting the presen…
Component Analysis
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
Direct Replication
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
12 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Cooper et al. - Chapter 10
2
3
1
4
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective i…
Combining analytic tactics in an experimental design is a goo…
The research tactic for examining two or more elements of a t…
2
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
3
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective i…
Applied Behavior Analysis - Chapter 10 Terms
Component Analysis
Direct Replication
Double-Blind Study
Placebo Control
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
A procedure that prevents the subject and the observer(s) fro…
A procedure that prevents a subject from detecting the presen…
Component Analysis
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
Direct Replication
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
11 terms
Chapter 10: Planning and Evaluating Applied Behavior Analysis Research
Component Analysis
Direct Replication
Double-blind Control
Placebo Control
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
Any experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate…
A procedure that prevents the subject and the observer(s) fro…
A procedure that prevents a subject form detecting the presen…
Component Analysis
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
Direct Replication
Any experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate…
11 terms
Chapter 10: Planning & Evaluating Applied Behavior Analysis Research
component analysis
direct replication
double-blind control
placebo control
...
...
...
...
component analysis
...
direct replication
...
23 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Cooper et al. - Chapter 10
2
Placebo Control
Procedural Fidelity
Type I Error
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
A procedure that prevents a subject from detecting the presen…
AKA treatment integrity (Source: CHH, 2 Ed).
An error that occurs when a researcher concludes that the ind…
2
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
Placebo Control
A procedure that prevents a subject from detecting the presen…
12 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Cooper et al. - Chapter 10
2
3
1
4
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective i…
Combining analytic tactics in an experimental design is a goo…
The research tactic for examining two or more elements of a t…
2
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
3
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective i…
11 terms
Chapter 10- Planning and evaluating applied behavior analysis research
component analysis
direct replication
double-blind control
placebo control
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
A procedure that prevents the subject and the observer(s) fro…
A procedure that prevents the subject from detecting the pres…
component analysis
Any experiment designed to identify the active elements of a…
direct replication
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
12 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Cooper et al. - Chapter 10
Individual level
Behavior of individual subjects
It allows for a more convincing demons…
Component analysis
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective i…
Combining analytic tactics in an experimental design is a goo…
The research tactic for examining two or more elements of a t…
Individual level
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
Behavior of individual subjects
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective i…
12 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Cooper et al. - Chapter 10
2
3
1
4
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective i…
Combining analytic tactics in an experimental design is a goo…
The research tactic for examining two or more elements of a t…
2
The most useful level to understand the effect of a treatment…
3
Applied behavior analysis research has identified effective i…
25 terms
CHAPTER 10 PLANNING AND EVALUATING APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS RESEARCH
importance of individual subject
groups-comparison experiment
problems with group comparison experim…
group data not representative of indiv…
enables applied behavior analysts to discover and refine effe…
- randomly selected pool of subjects from relevant population…
1. group data not representative of individual performance... 2.…
(problems with group comparison experiment)... individuals withi…
importance of individual subject
enables applied behavior analysts to discover and refine effe…
groups-comparison experiment
- randomly selected pool of subjects from relevant population…
12 terms
Chapter 10 Planning and evaluating applied behavior analysis research
Component analysis
Direct replication
Double-blind control
Placebo control
Any experimental designed to identify the active elements of…
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
A procedure that prevents the subject and the observer from d…
A procedure that prevents a subject from detecting the presen…
Component analysis
Any experimental designed to identify the active elements of…
Direct replication
An experiment in which the researcher attempts to duplicate e…
22 terms
Cooper chapter 10 (Planning and Evaluating Applied Behavior Analysis Research)
The most useful level to understand th…
Applied behavior analysis research has…
Combining analytic tactics in an exper…
The research tactic for examining two…
Individual level
Behavior of individual subjects
It allows for a more convincing demonstration of experimental…
Component analysis
The most useful level to understand th…
Individual level
Applied behavior analysis research has…
Behavior of individual subjects
11 terms
Chapter 10: Planning and Evaluating Applied Behavior Analysis Research
component analysis
direct replication
double-blind control
placebo control
- comparing effects of 2 or more independent variables.
- exactly duplicate experiment.
-neither subject nor observers know which is placebo and whic…
- controls for subject's perceived expectations of the treatm…
component analysis
- comparing effects of 2 or more independent variables.
direct replication
- exactly duplicate experiment.
15 terms
ABA 601: Chapter 10 Planning and Evaluating Applied Behavior Analysis Research
Importance of Individual Subject
Problems with Group Comparison Experim…
Importance of Flexibility in Design
Experimental Design Combination
-enables applied bx analysts to discover and refine effective…
-group data not representative of individual performance ... -gr…
-good experimental design is any IV manipulation that produce…
-MB/Reversal design (need reversibility)... -can evaluate multip…
Importance of Individual Subject
-enables applied bx analysts to discover and refine effective…
Problems with Group Comparison Experim…
-group data not representative of individual performance ... -gr…
13 terms
Chapter Two: Methods in Applied Behavior Analysis
Behavioral Assessment
Target Behavior
Functional Analysis
Continuous Recording
The attempt to (1) define the target behavior; (2) identify f…
The behavior to be changed by an intervention
The process of testing hypotheses about the functional relati…
Recording each and every occurrence of a behavior during a pr…
Behavioral Assessment
The attempt to (1) define the target behavior; (2) identify f…
Target Behavior
The behavior to be changed by an intervention
50 terms
Chapter 2 Applied Behavior Analysis
antecedent
automaticity of reinforcement
aversive stimulus
behavior
An environmental condition or stimulus change existing or occ…
Refers to the fact that behavior is modified by its consequen…
In general, an unpleasant or noxious stimulus; more technical…
The activity of living organisms; human behavior includes eve…
antecedent
An environmental condition or stimulus change existing or occ…
automaticity of reinforcement
Refers to the fact that behavior is modified by its consequen…
10 terms
ABA Cooper Chapter 10 Vocabulary: Planning and Evaluating Applied Behavioral Analysis Research
Component analysis
Direct replication
Double-blind control
Placebo control
A research tactic for examining two or more components of a t…
The researcher makes every effort to duplicate exactly the co…
Neither the researcher nor the subject know whether the place…
A substitute for a drug that appears to be the same as the dr…
Component analysis
A research tactic for examining two or more components of a t…
Direct replication
The researcher makes every effort to duplicate exactly the co…
36 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Chapter 7
6 functions of a behavior
To gain attention
To gain a tangible
To gain sensory stimulation
1. behavior engaged to gain attention... 2. behavior engaged to…
positive reinforcement (receiving attention increases the fut…
positive reinforcement (receiving the tangible increases the…
positive automatic reinforcement (provision of the sensory in…
6 functions of a behavior
1. behavior engaged to gain attention... 2. behavior engaged to…
To gain attention
positive reinforcement (receiving attention increases the fut…
16 terms
Chapter 1 Applied Behavior Analysis
applied behavior analysis (ABA)
behaviorism
determinism
empiricism
The science in which tactics derived from the principles of b…
The philosophy of a science of behavior; there are various fo…
The assumption that the universe is a lawful and orderly plac…
The objective observation of the phenomena of interest; objec…
applied behavior analysis (ABA)
The science in which tactics derived from the principles of b…
behaviorism
The philosophy of a science of behavior; there are various fo…
12 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Chapter 3
Permanent product recording
Observational recording systems
Event recording
Interval recording
Recording tangible items or environmental effects that result…
Methods of data collection used to record aspects of behavior…
recording a tally or frequency count of behavior as it occurs…
An observational recording system in which an observation per…
Permanent product recording
Recording tangible items or environmental effects that result…
Observational recording systems
Methods of data collection used to record aspects of behavior…
12 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Chapter 2
Behavioral Objective
Pinpointing
Educational Goals
Operational Definition
A statement that communicates a proposed change in behavior.…
Specifying in measurable, observable terms a behavior targete…
Statements providing the framework for planning an academic y…
Providing concrete examples of a target behavior. This minimi…
Behavioral Objective
A statement that communicates a proposed change in behavior.…
Pinpointing
Specifying in measurable, observable terms a behavior targete…
12 terms
Chapter 3, Applied Behavior Analysis
Law of Effect
Law of Effect (simple terms)
Reinforcement
Reinforcer
In any given situation, the probability of a behavior occurri…
Behavior is a function of its consequences
The procedure of providing consequences for a behavior that i…
An event that, when made contingent on a behavior, increases…
Law of Effect
In any given situation, the probability of a behavior occurri…
Law of Effect (simple terms)
Behavior is a function of its consequences
16 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis: Chapter 5
Variable
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Functional Relation
Attributes unique to the individual involved in the study or…
The behavior to be changed through intervention.
The treatment or intervention that the experimenter manipulat…
A quasi-causative relation between the dependent and independ…
Variable
Attributes unique to the individual involved in the study or…
Dependent Variable
The behavior to be changed through intervention.
14 terms
applied behavior analysis chapter 1
This is the defining characteristic of…
This is the defining characteristic of…
These events marked the formal beginni…
This is the approach to understanding…
Applied
Analytic
The journal of applied behavior analysis began publication an…
Mentalism
This is the defining characteristic of…
Applied
This is the defining characteristic of…
Analytic
12 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Chapter 3
Permanent product recording
Observational recording systems
Event recording
Interval recording
Recording tangible items or environmental effects that result…
Methods of data collection used to record aspects of behavior…
recording a tally or frequency count of behavior as it occurs…
An observational recording system in which an observation per…
Permanent product recording
Recording tangible items or environmental effects that result…
Observational recording systems
Methods of data collection used to record aspects of behavior…
35 terms
applied behavior analysis- chapter 1
applied behavior analysis
behaviorism
determinism
empiricism
The science in which tactics derived from the principles of b…
The philosophy of a science of behavior
The assumption that the universe is a lawful and orderly plac…
The objective observation of the phenomena of interest. Objec…
applied behavior analysis
The science in which tactics derived from the principles of b…
behaviorism
The philosophy of a science of behavior
404 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis: Glossary
A-B design
A-B-A design
A-B-A-B design
abative effect
2-phase design: 1. Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment c…
3-phase design: Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment cond…
4-phase design: Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment cond…
A decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been…
A-B design
2-phase design: 1. Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment c…
A-B-A design
3-phase design: Pre-treatment baseline (A); 2. treatment cond…
45 terms
SAFMEDS Applied Behavior Analysis
Contiguity
Positive Reinforcement
Stimulus Control
Negative Reinforcement
The closeness of events in time
Some stimulus is presented after a behavior and this increase…
When responding occurs in the presences of an antecedent stim…
The removal of a stimulus following a response that increases…
Contiguity
The closeness of events in time
Positive Reinforcement
Some stimulus is presented after a behavior and this increase…
11 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis: Chapter 1
Applied Behavior Analysis
Positive reinforcement
Behavior
Consequence
A way to understand and predict human behavior
Describes a functional relation between two environmental eve…
Any observable action
A result of that action
Applied Behavior Analysis
A way to understand and predict human behavior
Positive reinforcement
Describes a functional relation between two environmental eve…
230 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis
Active desensitization
Animal care
Antecedent
Antecedent Control Procedure
The process of training an animal to become comfortable to ne…
Providing and maintaining the overall physical health and men…
Environmental conditions or stimulus changes that exist or oc…
An action to modify the environmental events that occur befor…
Active desensitization
The process of training an animal to become comfortable to ne…
Animal care
Providing and maintaining the overall physical health and men…
30 terms
Behavior Analysis: Chapter 10
Choice
In Real Situations
Concurrent Schedules of Reinforcement
The Matching Law
-arguably, all behavior involves choice.... - including the choi…
-operant conditioning is rarely a matter of being offered onl…
-the simultaneous presentation of two or more independent sch…
-the proportion of responses emitted on a particular schedule…
Choice
-arguably, all behavior involves choice.... - including the choi…
In Real Situations
-operant conditioning is rarely a matter of being offered onl…
10 terms
Behavior Analysis Chapter 10
bias from matching
commitment response ... or ... precommitment…
concurrent schedule of reinforcement
impulsiveness
a deviation from matching in which one response alternative a…
an action carried out at an early point in time that serves t…
a complex schedule consisting of the simultaneous presentatio…
with respect to choice between 2 rewards, selecting a smaller…
bias from matching
a deviation from matching in which one response alternative a…
commitment response ... or ... precommitment…
an action carried out at an early point in time that serves t…
18 terms
Applied Behavioral Analysis: Chapter 1
Behavior
Dimensions
Frequency
Duration
what people do and say
Can be measured; frequency, duration, intensity, latency
you can count the number of times a behavior occurs
the time from when an instance if behavior starts to where it…
Behavior
what people do and say
Dimensions
Can be measured; frequency, duration, intensity, latency
99 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis
Science
Applied Behavior Analysis
Functional relation
Determinism
A systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge ab…
The science in which tactics or methods derived from the prin…
A statement that describes how two variables ,events, are rel…
The assumption that the universe is a lawful and orderly plac…
Science
A systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge ab…
Applied Behavior Analysis
The science in which tactics or methods derived from the prin…
25 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Chapter 5 Terms
Accuracy
Believability
Calibration
Continuous Measurement
The extent to which observed values, the data produced by mea…
The extent to which the researcher convinces herself and othe…
Any procedure used to evaluate the accuracy of a measurement…
Measurement conducted in a manner such that all instances of…
Accuracy
The extent to which observed values, the data produced by mea…
Believability
The extent to which the researcher convinces herself and othe…
515 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Cooper
A-B Design
A-B-A Design
A-B-A-B Design
abative effect
a two phase experimental design consisting of a pre-treatment…
An experiment entailing one reversal
an experiment reintroducing the B condition enables the repli…
A decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been…
A-B Design
a two phase experimental design consisting of a pre-treatment…
A-B-A Design
An experiment entailing one reversal
Behavior Analysis - Chapter 10
Prompts
Verbal prompt
Gestural prompts
Modeling prompt
Are used to increase the likelihood that a person will engage…
...
...
...
Prompts
Are used to increase the likelihood that a person will engage…
Verbal prompt
...
513 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Cooper
A-B-A Design
abative effect
ABC recording
Abolishing operation
An experiment entailing one reversal
A decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been…
The preferred method to use for behavioral assessment to dete…
A motivating operation that decreases the reinforcing effecti…
A-B-A Design
An experiment entailing one reversal
abative effect
A decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been…
515 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Cooper
A-B Design
A-B-A Design
A-B-A-B Design
abative effect
a two phase experimental design consisting of a pre-treatment…
An experiment entailing one reversal
an experiment reintroducing the B condition enables the repli…
A decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been…
A-B Design
a two phase experimental design consisting of a pre-treatment…
A-B-A Design
An experiment entailing one reversal
35 terms
applied behavior analysis- chapter 1
applied behavior analysis
behaviorism
determinism
empiricism
The science in which tactics derived from the principles of b…
The philosophy of a science of behavior
The assumption that the universe is a lawful and orderly plac…
The objective observation of the phenomena of interest. Objec…
applied behavior analysis
The science in which tactics derived from the principles of b…
behaviorism
The philosophy of a science of behavior
12 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis Chapter 2
Behavioral Objective
Pinpointing
Educational Goals
Operational Definition
A statement that communicates a proposed change in behavior.…
Specifying in measurable, observable terms a behavior targete…
Statements providing the framework for planning an academic y…
Providing concrete examples of a target behavior. This minimi…
Behavioral Objective
A statement that communicates a proposed change in behavior.…
Pinpointing
Specifying in measurable, observable terms a behavior targete…
23 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis: Chapter 4 - Measuring Behavior
Measurement
Measurable Dimensions of Behavior
Repeatability
Temporal Extent
The process of applying quantitative labels to observed prope…
Repeatability, Temporal Extent, & Temporal Locus
Instances of a response class can occur repeatedly through ti…
Every instance of behavior occurs during same amount of time…
Measurement
The process of applying quantitative labels to observed prope…
Measurable Dimensions of Behavior
Repeatability, Temporal Extent, & Temporal Locus
81 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Midterm
BF Skinner
Ivan Pavlov
JB Watson
Respondent Behavior
-operant conditioning... reinforcement and punishment
-respondent or classical conditioning... the process of pairing…
-father of behaviorism... -focused on observable behaviors
that happens in response to some stimuli, and is essential to…
BF Skinner
-operant conditioning... reinforcement and punishment
Ivan Pavlov
-respondent or classical conditioning... the process of pairing…
50 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Chapter 2 Terms
Antecedent
Automaticity of Reinforcement
Aversive Stimulus
Behavior
An environmental condition or stimulus change existing or cur…
Refers to the fact that behavior is modified by its consequen…
In general an unpleasant or noxious stimulus; more technicall…
The activity of living organism; human behavior includes ever…
Antecedent
An environmental condition or stimulus change existing or cur…
Automaticity of Reinforcement
Refers to the fact that behavior is modified by its consequen…
80 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis
Hannah learned it was alright to eat s…
Parker is having a tough time with a m…
Michele needed physical assistance to…
Hannah does not react to prompts as qu…
Discrimination Training
Prompting
Graduated guidance
Time Delay
Hannah learned it was alright to eat s…
Discrimination Training
Parker is having a tough time with a m…
Prompting
27 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Chapter 4 Terms
Artifact
Celeration
Celeration Time Period
Celeration Trend Line
An Outcome or result that appears to exist because of the way…
The change (acceleration of deceleration) in rate of respondi…
A unit of time (e.g., per week, per month) in which celebrati…
The celebration trend line is measured as a factor by which r…
Artifact
An Outcome or result that appears to exist because of the way…
Celeration
The change (acceleration of deceleration) in rate of respondi…
15 terms
Applied Behavior Analysis - Chapter 3 Terms
ABC Recording
Anecdotal observation
Behavior checklist
Behavior assessment
See anecdotal observation
A form of direct, continuous observation in which the observe…
A checklist that provides descriptions of specific skills (us…
A form of assessment that involves a full range of inquiry me…
ABC Recording
See anecdotal observation
Anecdotal observation
A form of direct, continuous observation in which the observe…
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