Study sets matching "aquifers and dynamic planet"

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Study sets matching "aquifers and dynamic planet"

6 terms
Dynamic Planet
Tectonics Plates
Layers of the Earth
Tectonic Basins
Plates
A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and ma…
The interior structure of the Earth is layered in spherical s…
a low area in the Earth's crust, of tectonic origin, in which…
the two sub-layers of the earth's crust (lithosphere) that mo…
Tectonics Plates
A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and ma…
Layers of the Earth
The interior structure of the Earth is layered in spherical s…
29 terms
Dynamic Planet
Pelagic Sediment
Shelf
Erosion
Deep Zone
Fine-grained, deep organic sea sediment
Flooded edge of the continent
Process that rapidly transports large amounts of sediment fro…
Deepest part of the ocean floor
Pelagic Sediment
Fine-grained, deep organic sea sediment
Shelf
Flooded edge of the continent
84 terms
Dynamic Planet
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come through the sur…
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and wate…
liquid magma that reaches Earth's surface
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
volcano
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come through the sur…
magma
the molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases and wate…
Dynamic Planet
isostasy
subsidence
uplift
compression
is the equilibrium between continental crust and the denser m…
the downward vertical motion of Earth's surface
the upward vertical motion of Earth's surface
squeezing stress
isostasy
is the equilibrium between continental crust and the denser m…
subsidence
the downward vertical motion of Earth's surface
90 terms
Dynamic Planet
Crust (continental)
Crust (oceanic)
Mantle (asthenosphere)
Lower Mantle
Density: 2.7grams/cm³... Solid... Granite... Air temp: 900°C... 30km - 50…
3.3grams/cm³... Solid... Basalt... Air temp: 900°C... 7km thick
3.4-4.4grams/cm³... Partially Molten... Perodite ... 900-1600°C... Where…
4.4-5.6grams/cm³... Solid... Perodite... 1600-4000°C
Crust (continental)
Density: 2.7grams/cm³... Solid... Granite... Air temp: 900°C... 30km - 50…
Crust (oceanic)
3.3grams/cm³... Solid... Basalt... Air temp: 900°C... 7km thick
177 terms
Dynamic Planet
Surface Currents
Wind
Gyre
Equator
These transfer heat from tropical to polar regions, distribut…
Surface currents are powered by the sun and ______________
Circular flow pattern of water caused by deflection of water…
Due to the warmth of the water, the molecules are slightly ex…
Surface Currents
These transfer heat from tropical to polar regions, distribut…
Wind
Surface currents are powered by the sun and ______________
5 terms
Dynamic Planet
Fringing reefs
Barrier reefs
Atolls
Longshore currents
The first reefs to form on a new island. Smaller. usually ver…
Around the island some distance away, much larger than before…
Island has sunk back into ocean and all that remains is build…
Currents that move parallel to the shore or angle into the sh…
Fringing reefs
The first reefs to form on a new island. Smaller. usually ver…
Barrier reefs
Around the island some distance away, much larger than before…
Dynamic Planet
Crust (continental)
Crust (oceanic)
Mantle (asthenosphere)
Lower Mantle
Density: 2.7grams/cm³... Solid... Granite... Air temp: 900°C... 30km - 50…
3.3grams/cm³... Solid... Basalt... Air temp: 900°C... 7km thick
3.4-4.4grams/cm³... Partially Molten... Perodite ... 900-1600°C... Where…
4.4-5.6grams/cm³... Solid... Perodite... 1600-4000°C
Crust (continental)
Density: 2.7grams/cm³... Solid... Granite... Air temp: 900°C... 30km - 50…
Crust (oceanic)
3.3grams/cm³... Solid... Basalt... Air temp: 900°C... 7km thick
Dynamic Planet
Crust (continental)
Crust (oceanic)
Mantle (asthenosphere)
Lower Mantle
Density: 2.7grams/cm³... Solid... Granite... Air temp: 900°C... 30km - 50…
3.3grams/cm³... Solid... Basalt... Air temp: 900°C... 7km thick
3.4-4.4grams/cm³... Partially Molten... Perodite ... 900-1600°C... Where…
4.4-5.6grams/cm³... Solid... Perodite... 1600-4000°C
Crust (continental)
Density: 2.7grams/cm³... Solid... Granite... Air temp: 900°C... 30km - 50…
Crust (oceanic)
3.3grams/cm³... Solid... Basalt... Air temp: 900°C... 7km thick
16 terms
Dynamic Planet
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
outermost layer of the Earth, composed of solid rock
the rigid outer portion of the Earth comprised of the crust a…
region located directly below the lithosphere where mantle ro…
the zone within Earth that is located between the crust and c…
crust
outermost layer of the Earth, composed of solid rock
lithosphere
the rigid outer portion of the Earth comprised of the crust a…
416 terms
Dynamic Planet
Abyssal storm
Acoustic thermometry
Agnathans
Air pressure gradient
Unusually strong bottom current (of the order of 1.0 knot) th…
A method of determining ocean temperature by measuring the sp…
Also known as jawless fishes, members of this major fish grou…
A change in air pressure from one place to another, indicated…
Abyssal storm
Unusually strong bottom current (of the order of 1.0 knot) th…
Acoustic thermometry
A method of determining ocean temperature by measuring the sp…
19 terms
Dynamic Planet
seawater composition
seawater density
energy inputs and outputs
What drives the atmosphere?
Rain dissolved minerals that formed salts, rivers carried the…
sea water is more dense. has different water mass so the ocea…
Is what drives the atmosphere*
Energy Inputs and Outputs. (The Sun)
seawater composition
Rain dissolved minerals that formed salts, rivers carried the…
seawater density
sea water is more dense. has different water mass so the ocea…
152 terms
Dynamic Planet
Surface Currents
Wind
Gyre
Equator
These transfer heat from tropical to polar regions, distribut…
These waves tend to be less than 3m high, and have wavelength…
Circular flow pattern of water caused by deflection of water…
Due to the warmth of the water, the molecules are slightly ex…
Surface Currents
These transfer heat from tropical to polar regions, distribut…
Wind
These waves tend to be less than 3m high, and have wavelength…
24 terms
Dynamic Planet
Crust
Lithosphere
Mantle
Asthenosphere
the outer layer of earth
Solid portion of earth
Portion of earth between crust or earth
Region below lithosphere
Crust
the outer layer of earth
Lithosphere
Solid portion of earth
Dynamic Planet
How to navigate the EasyData menu
When EasyData doesn't automatically st…
What percentage of the Earth's surface…
What are the Oceans?
To select an option press the calculator key directly below t…
If EasyData is not already running on your calculator, press…
About 71 percent of the Earth's surface is water-covered, and…
The oceans are basins that are below sea - level and filled w…
How to navigate the EasyData menu
To select an option press the calculator key directly below t…
When EasyData doesn't automatically st…
If EasyData is not already running on your calculator, press…
200 terms
Dynamic Planet
3.5%
Cations
Anions
Cations and anions
% of ocean that is dissolved salts (include %)
All salts are made of positively charged _____
All salts are made of negatively charged ______
What are salts made of?
3.5%
% of ocean that is dissolved salts (include %)
Cations
All salts are made of positively charged _____
60 terms
Dynamic Planet
2004
smallest
29
71
The Indian Ocean had a tsunami in _____.
The Arctic Ocean is the ______.
The earth is what percent land?
The earth is what percent water?
2004
The Indian Ocean had a tsunami in _____.
smallest
The Arctic Ocean is the ______.
34 terms
Dynamic Planet
Rogue Waves
Crest
Trough
Wave height
Extremely large waves amongst really tiny ones
Highest point of wave
Lowest point of wave
Length of crest to trough
Rogue Waves
Extremely large waves amongst really tiny ones
Crest
Highest point of wave
dynamic planet
craton
basin
cratonic basin
foredeep
A part of the Earth's crust that has attained stability, and…
A low area in the Earth's crust, of tectonic origin, in which…
A basin on top of a craton
An elongate depression bordering an island arc or other oroge…
craton
A part of the Earth's crust that has attained stability, and…
basin
A low area in the Earth's crust, of tectonic origin, in which…
Dynamic Planet
Continental Drift
Sea Floor Spreading
Inner Core
Outer Core
Theory that the continents have moved over the years and will…
Theory that new oceanic crust is being created.
Central solid metal region of the earth.
Liquid metal region of the earth.
Continental Drift
Theory that the continents have moved over the years and will…
Sea Floor Spreading
Theory that new oceanic crust is being created.
6 terms
Dynamic Planet
Convection currents
Magma
Lava
Volcano
movement of magma
underground lava
overground magma
pressured magma
Convection currents
movement of magma
Magma
underground lava
9 terms
Dynamic Planet
Alfred Wegener
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Mantle
A German scientist who proposed the theory of continental dri…
The solid, outer part of the Earth. The lithosphere includes…
zone of Earth's mantle lying beneath the lithosphere and beli…
Is the mostly-solid bulk of Earth's interior. Lies between Ea…
Alfred Wegener
A German scientist who proposed the theory of continental dri…
Lithosphere
The solid, outer part of the Earth. The lithosphere includes…
134 terms
Dynamic Planet
Abraham Ortelius 1596
Alfred Wegener 1912
"the continental drift"
stratum
noted that the coastlines of the continents appear to fit tog…
father of the theory he called "the continental drift"
modern continents formed a single landmass in the past... consid…
a layer or a series of layers of rock in the ground
Abraham Ortelius 1596
noted that the coastlines of the continents appear to fit tog…
Alfred Wegener 1912
father of the theory he called "the continental drift"
Dynamic Planet
plate tectonics
lithosphere
divergent plate boundary
transform plate boundary
Earth's surface is made of rigid slabs of rock,or,plates, tha…
the cold and rigid outermost rock layer
forms where two plates seperate
forms where two plates slide past each other
plate tectonics
Earth's surface is made of rigid slabs of rock,or,plates, tha…
lithosphere
the cold and rigid outermost rock layer
Dynamic Planet
Surface Waves
Body Waves
Raleigh Waves
Love Waves
...
P- Waves (Air, Liquid, Solid)... S- Waves (Only travels through…
...
...
Surface Waves
...
Body Waves
P- Waves (Air, Liquid, Solid)... S- Waves (Only travels through…
Dynamic Planet
seawater composition
seawater density
energy inputs and outputs
What drives the atmosphere?
Rain dissolved minerals that formed salts, rivers carried the…
sea water is more dense. has different water mass so the ocea…
Is what drives the atmosphere*
Energy Inputs and Outputs. (The Sun)
seawater composition
Rain dissolved minerals that formed salts, rivers carried the…
seawater density
sea water is more dense. has different water mass so the ocea…
Dynamic Planet
Surface Currents
Wind
Gyre
Equator
These transfer heat from tropical to polar regions, distribut…
These waves tend to be less than 3m high, and have wavelength…
Circular flow pattern of water caused by deflection of water…
Due to the warmth of the water, the molecules are slightly ex…
Surface Currents
These transfer heat from tropical to polar regions, distribut…
Wind
These waves tend to be less than 3m high, and have wavelength…
44 terms
Dynamic Planet
coriolis
Ekman spiral
salt water
Pycnocline
Causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
refers to a structure of currents or winds near a horizontal…
(blank) is denser (salt water or fresh water)
Layer where density gradient is greatest in a body... of water
coriolis
Causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
Ekman spiral
refers to a structure of currents or winds near a horizontal…
dynamic planet
biological oceanography
oceanography
zooplankton
tides
study of the life histories and the dynamic of marine organis…
study of marine enviroments and the impact on surrounding env…
is a microscopic organism in the ocean
the rise and falls of waves during time, caused by the gravit…
biological oceanography
study of the life histories and the dynamic of marine organis…
oceanography
study of marine enviroments and the impact on surrounding env…
17 terms
Dynamic Planet...
Salinity
Denisty
Sources of salt
Rift Valley
How much salt is in the ocean water. The average salinity is…
The degree of compactness in a substance. The average density…
Comes from the rocks on land. Rain erodes rock and breaks it…
When two plates on the ocean floor separate, melted material…
Salinity
How much salt is in the ocean water. The average salinity is…
Denisty
The degree of compactness in a substance. The average density…
Dynamic Planet
Coriolis Effect
Thermohaline Circulation
Upwell
Rip current
The impact of Earth's rotation on its axis, the north and sou…
Water freezes, salt does not freeze, the water becomes more s…
To rise to the surface
Currents that flow perpendicularly to the shore
Coriolis Effect
The impact of Earth's rotation on its axis, the north and sou…
Thermohaline Circulation
Water freezes, salt does not freeze, the water becomes more s…
Dynamic Planet
abyssal fan
bar-built estuary
continental rise
continental shelf
a fan-shaped sediment deposit at the base of a submarine canyon
an estuary / shallow lagoon separated from the open ocean by…
the gradual rise between the seafloor and continental slope;…
shallow, underwater edge of continental crust (average depth…
abyssal fan
a fan-shaped sediment deposit at the base of a submarine canyon
bar-built estuary
an estuary / shallow lagoon separated from the open ocean by…
43 terms
Dynamic Planet
coriolis
Ekman spiral
salt water
Pycnocline
Causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
refers to a structure of currents or winds near a horizontal…
(blank) is denser (salt water or fresh water)
Layer where density gradient is greatest in a body... of water
coriolis
Causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
Ekman spiral
refers to a structure of currents or winds near a horizontal…
38 terms
Dynamic Planet 2017
Nickel and Iron
The "Big Whack"
Hot spot
Plate tectonics
The high density of the Earth's inner core is predominately d…
This theory explains the formation of the moon from massive c…
Geological formation where hot magma plume punctures earth's…
A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and ma…
Nickel and Iron
The high density of the Earth's inner core is predominately d…
The "Big Whack"
This theory explains the formation of the moon from massive c…
16 terms
Dynamic Planet 2017
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
outermost layer of the Earth, composed of solid rock
the rigid outer portion of the Earth comprised of the crust a…
region located directly below the lithosphere where mantle ro…
the zone within Earth that is located between the crust and c…
crust
outermost layer of the Earth, composed of solid rock
lithosphere
the rigid outer portion of the Earth comprised of the crust a…
Dynamic Planet Pictures
Accumulation
Cirque
Drumlin
Outwash plain
Accumulation
Cirque
30 terms
Dynamic Planet
Parts of solids in water
Pelagic Zones
Coriolis Effect
Cline
Sodium 30.6% ... Chlorine 55%... Magnesium 7.7%... Sulfur 3.7% ... Calciu…
The rotation of the earth effecting currents and wind.
Parts of solids in water
Sodium 30.6% ... Chlorine 55%... Magnesium 7.7%... Sulfur 3.7% ... Calciu…
Pelagic Zones
81 terms
Dynamic Planet
Pure water
cold water
1.028g/cm^3
chloride
Seawater is denser than?
warm water is less dense than
what is the density of seawater at 4 degrees Celsius?
what is a major constituent of seawater?
Pure water
Seawater is denser than?
cold water
warm water is less dense than
10 terms
dynamic planet
Increase
Increase
Increase
Epipelagic
At constant temperature, as the salinity of seawater increase…
From the equator, as latitude increases, does the Coriolis de…
From the equator, as latitude increases, does the Coriolis de…
In which ocean zone is the thermocline found in?
Increase
At constant temperature, as the salinity of seawater increase…
Increase
From the equator, as latitude increases, does the Coriolis de…
21 terms
Dynamic Planet
Crust
Continental Crust
Oceanic Crust
Lithosphere
A solid rigid layer of rock, as well as the only layer scient…
25-30 miles thick and made of granite
3 miles thick and made of dense basalt, formed by underwater…
Rigid crust and upper-most mantle, broken into tectonic plates
Crust
A solid rigid layer of rock, as well as the only layer scient…
Continental Crust
25-30 miles thick and made of granite
61 terms
Dynamic Planet
Crust
Oceanic Crust
Continental lithosphere
Asthenosphere
30 to 50 km of continental crust, mostly of granite, is also…
mostly basalt
layer of igneous, sedimentary rock that forms the continents…
Plastic-y layer
Crust
30 to 50 km of continental crust, mostly of granite, is also…
Oceanic Crust
mostly basalt
Dynamic Planet
Crust (continental)
Crust (oceanic)
Mantle (asthenosphere)
Lower Mantle
Density: 2.7grams/cm³... Solid... Granite... Air temp: 900°C... 30km - 50…
3.3grams/cm³... Solid... Basalt... Air temp: 900°C... 7km thick
3.4-4.4grams/cm³... Partially Molten... Perodite ... 900-1600°C... Where…
4.4-5.6grams/cm³... Solid... Perodite... 1600-4000°C
Crust (continental)
Density: 2.7grams/cm³... Solid... Granite... Air temp: 900°C... 30km - 50…
Crust (oceanic)
3.3grams/cm³... Solid... Basalt... Air temp: 900°C... 7km thick
29 terms
Dynamic Planet
Pelagic Sediment
Shelf
Erosion
Deep Zone
Fine-grained, deep organic sea sediment
Flooded edge of the continent
Process that rapidly transports large amounts of sediment fro…
Deepest part of the ocean floor
Pelagic Sediment
Fine-grained, deep organic sea sediment
Shelf
Flooded edge of the continent
Dynamic Planet
Ocean Currents
Tides
Waves
Salinity
Continuous directed movement of water
Rise and fall in sea level from gravitational attraction of t…
Repeating periodic disturbances that travel through water
Concentration of salt in sea water
Ocean Currents
Continuous directed movement of water
Tides
Rise and fall in sea level from gravitational attraction of t…
Dynamic Planet
Plate Tectonics
Lithosphere
Continental crust is composed primaril…
Oceanic crust is comprised primarily of
Theory that describes the large-scale movement of the Earth's…
Divided into tectonic plates, interact either by converging (…
Granitic rocks.
Basaltic rocks.
Plate Tectonics
Theory that describes the large-scale movement of the Earth's…
Lithosphere
Divided into tectonic plates, interact either by converging (…
Dynamic Planet
Alfred Wegener
Tectonic Basins
He noticed the continents looked like…
Late Permian
who came up with the Tectonic Plates theory?
Different plate tectonic settings produce distinctive basin e…
how did Alfred Wegener come up with the tectonic plates theory?
what era of the Geological Time Scale did Pangea form?
Alfred Wegener
who came up with the Tectonic Plates theory?
Tectonic Basins
Different plate tectonic settings produce distinctive basin e…
9 terms
Dynamic planet
abyssal fan
cold seep/vent
basin floor
continental margin
underwater geological structures associated w/ large-scale se…
area of the ocean floor where hydrogen sulfide, methane and o…
found btw the continental margin and the mid-ocean ridge
boundary btw the continent and ocean basin and contains the s…
abyssal fan
underwater geological structures associated w/ large-scale se…
cold seep/vent
area of the ocean floor where hydrogen sulfide, methane and o…
Dynamic Planet
History of Plate Tectonics
Proof for wegener's theory
Evidence of continental drift:
paleomagnetism
1. coastlines match (wegener's theory of continental drift, P…
the continents fit like a puzzle, landmarks from different pa…
paleomagnetism, Change of the depth of deep ocean floors: bat…
This is based on the fact that rocks of different ages show a…
History of Plate Tectonics
1. coastlines match (wegener's theory of continental drift, P…
Proof for wegener's theory
the continents fit like a puzzle, landmarks from different pa…
20 terms
Dynamic Planet
Acoustical Oceanography
The Ocean in Climate and Circulation
Coastal and Estuarine Processes
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
Research on the propagation and scattering of sound in the oc…
The planetary-scale ocean circulation is the keystone of phys…
Polluted runoff and sewage, overfishing, and even global clim…
Geophysical fluid dynamics is the study of fluid motion on a…
Acoustical Oceanography
Research on the propagation and scattering of sound in the oc…
The Ocean in Climate and Circulation
The planetary-scale ocean circulation is the keystone of phys…
20 terms
Dynamic Planet
Acoustical Oceanography
The Ocean in Climate and Circulation
Coastal and Estuarine Processes
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
Research on the propagation and scattering of sound in the oc…
The planetary-scale ocean circulation is the keystone of phys…
Polluted runoff and sewage, overfishing, and even global clim…
Geophysical fluid dynamics is the study of fluid motion on a…
Acoustical Oceanography
Research on the propagation and scattering of sound in the oc…
The Ocean in Climate and Circulation
The planetary-scale ocean circulation is the keystone of phys…
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