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Study sets matching "archaeology 4"

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Study sets matching "archaeology 4"

13 terms
Archaeology 4
Invention
Diffusion
Migration
Noncultural Models
creation or evolution of a new idea
spread of a culture trait from one area to another by means o…
movements of entire societies that decide to change their own…
explanations of culture change requiring more sophisticated r…
Invention
creation or evolution of a new idea
Diffusion
spread of a culture trait from one area to another by means o…
16 terms
archaeology 4
synostosis
radioimmunoassay
brain endocasts
computer axial tomography
the joining of separate pieces of bone in human skeletons; th…
a method of protein analysis whereby it is possible to identi…
made by pouring latex rubber into a skull to produce an accur…
using a ct or cat scanner, can examine mummies without destro…
synostosis
the joining of separate pieces of bone in human skeletons; th…
radioimmunoassay
a method of protein analysis whereby it is possible to identi…
21 terms
Archaeology Week 4
Absolute Dates
Relative Dates
Index Fossil Concept
Time Markers
Date expressed as specific units of scientific measurements,…
Dates expressed relative to one another instead of in absolut…
The idea that strata containing similar fossil assemblages ar…
Artifact forms that, as with index fossils in geology, resear…
Absolute Dates
Date expressed as specific units of scientific measurements,…
Relative Dates
Dates expressed relative to one another instead of in absolut…
36 terms
Archaeology Quiz #4
What are the three radiocarbon isotopes?
Which isotope is radioactive?
What is the "Libby" half-life of 14C?
What is the actual half-life of 14C?
13C, 12C, 14C
14C
5568+/-30
5730
What are the three radiocarbon isotopes?
13C, 12C, 14C
Which isotope is radioactive?
14C
20 terms
4. Archaeology : Mummy
Egyptian
physically
elaborate notion
afterlife
埃及人
身体上,物理上
精细的想法
来世;死后的生活
Egyptian
埃及人
physically
身体上,物理上
13 terms
Archaeology Week 4
Stonehenge
Superhenge
Teotihuacan
Avenue of the Dead
an old world site; only site that still has lentils on top; p…
a site a mile from Stonehenge; major stone monument; 4500BP;…
a city in Mexico; 100BC-AD650; first major civilization of ce…
part of Teotihuacan; a sacred central avenue in the middle of…
Stonehenge
an old world site; only site that still has lentils on top; p…
Superhenge
a site a mile from Stonehenge; major stone monument; 4500BP;…
42 terms
4. Archaeology : Mummy
Egyptian
preserve
physically
elaborate notion
埃及人
保存
身体上,物理上
精细的想法
Egyptian
埃及人
preserve
保存
14 terms
Roman Archaeology--Week 4
domus italica
First Style
Second Style
House of the Griffins
wealthy, single family house plan... Etruscan Influence
aka Masonry Style... imitated marble with stucco relief... Greek In…
after 80 BC... dissolve confining walls with imaginary 3D world…
2nd Style... Palatine Hill... owned by Emperor Domitian, end of 1st…
domus italica
wealthy, single family house plan... Etruscan Influence
First Style
aka Masonry Style... imitated marble with stucco relief... Greek In…
17 terms
Archaeology Quiz #4
Theater of Marcellus
Room of the Masks
Villa Farnesina wall paintings
Villa at Boscotrecase (Red and Black R…
-Rome... -travertine facade on concrete... -1st c. BCE (23-11 BCE)…
-House of Augustus, Palatine Hill, Rome... -painting... -1st c. BCE…
(see desktop painting image)... -Villa Farnesina, Rome... -painting…
-Villa at Boscotrecase (Rome)... -painting... -1st c. BCE (10 BCE)…
Theater of Marcellus
-Rome... -travertine facade on concrete... -1st c. BCE (23-11 BCE)…
Room of the Masks
-House of Augustus, Palatine Hill, Rome... -painting... -1st c. BCE…
28 terms
Archaeology chap. 4
Pleistocene
Oxygen Isotope Curve
Gran Doling, Atapeurca
Bose
the geological era that began 1.8 mya, characterized by the f…
the record of fluctuation in global climate during the Pleist…
a cave sequence where stone tools and hominid remains dated t…
a site in southern china that produced a stone tool industry…
Pleistocene
the geological era that began 1.8 mya, characterized by the f…
Oxygen Isotope Curve
the record of fluctuation in global climate during the Pleist…
35 terms
archaeology quiz #4
kahn et al
scott 2001
galloway
deagan
role of environment in hawaiian chiefly societies... -man makes…
role of foods at plantations
gender biases... -matrilineality: tracing descent through female…
women are mediators of culture
kahn et al
role of environment in hawaiian chiefly societies... -man makes…
scott 2001
role of foods at plantations
19 terms
Archaeology ch 4
locus
anthropogenic
middens
primary context
a distinct area of a site which may be deined on the basis of…
soils formed as the result of human activity
site depositis that consist of a decomposed garbage pile
the plac e where something is in its original position, still…
locus
a distinct area of a site which may be deined on the basis of…
anthropogenic
soils formed as the result of human activity
14 terms
Archaeology: Week 4
"Neolithic Revolution"
Sedentism
Domestication
Plant Domestication
- Agriculture is a major transitional moment... - Changes in sed…
- Increases in storage and ownership ... - Population growth... - T…
- Changes in the physical characteristics of a plant or anima…
- Morphological differences in domestic and wild species make…
"Neolithic Revolution"
- Agriculture is a major transitional moment... - Changes in sed…
Sedentism
- Increases in storage and ownership ... - Population growth... - T…
35 terms
Intro to Archaeology Chapter 4
In Africa before 60,000 years ago, sym…
African Homo fossils dating to before…
Rebecca Cann discovered that
Transitional Homo sapiens
is first seen in the form of red ocher artifacts... is evidenced…
have clear Homo sapiens traits but also numerous retentions f…
the common mitochondrial ancestor of all modern people was Af…
date to between 450,000 and 225,000 years ago... have been found…
In Africa before 60,000 years ago, sym…
is first seen in the form of red ocher artifacts... is evidenced…
African Homo fossils dating to before…
have clear Homo sapiens traits but also numerous retentions f…
22 terms
Archaeology Lecture 4
The phases of excavation
Locating
Drawback of Locating
Exposing
1. Locating... 2. Exposing... 3. Testing (Vertical)... 4. Data recover…
-uses trenching... -used in areas where sites are widely distrib…
some damage is unavoidable but can be minimized
-stripping or blading... -used in areas with sterile overburden
The phases of excavation
1. Locating... 2. Exposing... 3. Testing (Vertical)... 4. Data recover…
Locating
-uses trenching... -used in areas where sites are widely distrib…
28 terms
Archaeology Chapter 4
Relative Dating
Absolute Dating
Attribute
Type
The idea that something is older or younger relative to somet…
Full or absolute age in years before the present
A minimal characteristic of an artifact such that it cannot b…
Several artifacts with the same attributes
Relative Dating
The idea that something is older or younger relative to somet…
Absolute Dating
Full or absolute age in years before the present
54 terms
archaeology chap 4
later stone age
enkapune ya muto
apollo 11 cave
rose cottage cave
time period in africa beginning around 50K cal BC.
site in kenya from 40K cal BC containing ostrich egg shells.
later stone age site in africa that has oldest known rock art…
a site in south africa with middle and late stone age deposits.
later stone age
time period in africa beginning around 50K cal BC.
enkapune ya muto
site in kenya from 40K cal BC containing ostrich egg shells.
Roman Archaeology Key Terms 4
tria nomina
Tiberius
Gemma Augustea
Caligula
...
(14-37CE)
15 CE / unknown find
37-41
tria nomina
...
Tiberius
(14-37CE)
12 terms
Archaeology lecture 4
Society
Culture
The Cultural-Historical Approach
V. Gordon Childe 1852-1957
Society refers to a group of people who are relatively self-s…
Culture refers to that people's traditions, customs, and beha…
Change happens for murky reasons... - Some peoples more inventiv…
Fed up with migration as explanation... Called for systemic unde…
Society
Society refers to a group of people who are relatively self-s…
Culture
Culture refers to that people's traditions, customs, and beha…
20 terms
Archaeology Chap 4
Pleistocene
Oxygen Isotope Curve
Gran Dolina, Atapuerca
Bose
The geological era that began 1.8 million years ago, characte…
The record of fluctuations in global climate during the Pleis…
A cave in Spain where stone tools and hominin remains dated t…
A site in southern China that produced a stone tool industry…
Pleistocene
The geological era that began 1.8 million years ago, characte…
Oxygen Isotope Curve
The record of fluctuations in global climate during the Pleis…
11 terms
World Archaeology 4 (Pompeii)
Earthquake of 62 C.E
Pliny the Younger
Building used for business & government
Religious activities in the Forum
Lararium (household shrine) in the house of L.Caecillus Jucun…
Nephew of Pliny the Older, a military man... Was present during…
The Forum... Present in every Roman town & the focus of everyth…
Capitol (Temple of Jupiter)... Shrine of the city gods... Temple…
Earthquake of 62 C.E
Lararium (household shrine) in the house of L.Caecillus Jucun…
Pliny the Younger
Nephew of Pliny the Older, a military man... Was present during…
Chapter 4: archaeology
"Modern" humans
Origin of H. Sapiens
Transitional H.Sapiens
Anatomically Modern ... Humans
paleolithic period: lower (prior 250k), middle (250-55k), upp…
4 competing theories: 1. African replacement hypothesis 2. Af…
Transition, gradient; Not a sudden appearance; Small fossil s…
150-100K years ago:... •Die KeldersCave... •Equus Cave... •Border Cave…
"Modern" humans
paleolithic period: lower (prior 250k), middle (250-55k), upp…
Origin of H. Sapiens
4 competing theories: 1. African replacement hypothesis 2. Af…
22 terms
Archaeology Chapter 4 definitions
Occipital
Prognathous
Supraorbital Torus
Calvarium
area at the rear of the skull
the quality of having a forward-thrusting lower face
a continuous ridge of bone above and across the eye orbits
the top part of a skull, lacking the lower jaw (mandible) and…
Occipital
area at the rear of the skull
Prognathous
the quality of having a forward-thrusting lower face
31 terms
Archaeology Chapter 4
anthropogenic
bioturbation
casual tool
component
human-caused changes in the environment; often used to refer…
any disturbance or movement of deposited materials by biologi…
objects with no purposeful modification used as a tool once o…
that portion of a site or site depsite representing occupatio…
anthropogenic
human-caused changes in the environment; often used to refer…
bioturbation
any disturbance or movement of deposited materials by biologi…
29 terms
chapter 4 (archaeology)
structural genes
regulatory genes
genotype
phenotype
genes that contain the information to make a protein
genes that guide the expression of structural genes, without…
the genetic makeup of an individual. Genotype can refer to…
an observable or measurable feature of an organism. phenotype…
structural genes
genes that contain the information to make a protein
regulatory genes
genes that guide the expression of structural genes, without…
46 terms
Archaeology 103 Ch. 4
Archaeological Record
Artefacts
Features
Features vs. Artefacts
-most archaeologist define it as well the material remains th…
-portable object that has been used, modified or manufactured…
-non portable... -postholes, campfire rings or any activity area…
-artefacts can be picked up... -features cannot
Archaeological Record
-most archaeologist define it as well the material remains th…
Artefacts
-portable object that has been used, modified or manufactured…
16 terms
Archaeology Vocab Chapter 4
provenience
context
Pleistocene
in situ
an artifact's location within a site
the relationship of an artifact to other artifacts, ecofacts,…
a geologic period from 1.8 million to 10,000 years ago, which…
from Latin, meaning "in position"; the place where an artifac…
provenience
an artifact's location within a site
context
the relationship of an artifact to other artifacts, ecofacts,…
22 terms
Archaeology Ch. 4
Altrical
Acheulean handaxe
Calavarium
Cortex
The condition of being born at an immature stage of developme…
Symmetrical stone tool of the later Early Paleolithic. O- dro…
Top part of a skull; lacks mandible and facial bones.
The exterior surface or rind of a core, usually removed in th…
Altrical
The condition of being born at an immature stage of developme…
Acheulean handaxe
Symmetrical stone tool of the later Early Paleolithic. O- dro…
36 terms
Archaeology ch 1-4
Archaeology
Archaeological Record
Pseudo Archaeology
Form
Study of the past through material remains
The body of physical evidence about the past
(alternative archaeology) the interpretations of the past fro…
Refers to the description and classification of the physical…
Archaeology
Study of the past through material remains
Archaeological Record
The body of physical evidence about the past
Archaeology chapter 4
Experimental archaeology
Ethnoarchaeology
Culture
Archaeological culture
Modern experiments to reproduce artifacts, architecture, or t…
Archaeological study of living societies for information to h…
A complement to biology, human adaptation based on intelligen…
A group off related materials from a region that indicates a…
Experimental archaeology
Modern experiments to reproduce artifacts, architecture, or t…
Ethnoarchaeology
Archaeological study of living societies for information to h…
25 terms
Archaeology Ch.4 Vocabulary
provenience
Pleistocene
in situ
test excavation
An artifact's location relative to a system of spatial data c…
A geologic period from 2 million to 10,000 years ago, which w…
From Latin, meaning "in position"; the place where an artifac…
A small initial excavation to determine a site's potential fo…
provenience
An artifact's location relative to a system of spatial data c…
Pleistocene
A geologic period from 2 million to 10,000 years ago, which w…
19 terms
Archaeology Handout 4- Info
type of village that Jericho was
when was the PPNA period
during PPNA Jericho what developed
PPNA Jericho houses and what else
Natufian village next to a big oasis
8500-7500 B.C.
a permanent large town with agriculture, by end of PPNA it wa…
round houses, religious shrines with a major skull cult
type of village that Jericho was
Natufian village next to a big oasis
when was the PPNA period
8500-7500 B.C.
13 terms
Archaeology final pt 4
Scapulimancy
Carrying Capacity
Stonehenge
Mohenjo-daro
Shoulder blades of an animal are burned and the pattern of th…
The capacity of an environment to sustainably meet a human po…
Neolithic monument... Huge trilithons made of sandstone were sha…
SIMILAR TO HARAPPA!... It looked like a mound of bricks, but it…
Scapulimancy
Shoulder blades of an animal are burned and the pattern of th…
Carrying Capacity
The capacity of an environment to sustainably meet a human po…
14 terms
Archaeology ch. 4 terms
Provenience
Context
Pleistocene
In situ
An artifact's location relative to a system of spatial data c…
The relationship of an artifact, ecofact or feature to other…
A geologic period from 1.8 million to 10,000 years ago which…
From Latin, meaning "in position" the place where an artifact…
Provenience
An artifact's location relative to a system of spatial data c…
Context
The relationship of an artifact, ecofact or feature to other…
22 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3 & 4
site
projectile points
seasonal round
settlement pattern
any place where material evidence exists about human past
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
hunter gatherers pattern of movement between different places…
distribution of archaeological sites across a region
site
any place where material evidence exists about human past
projectile points
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
47 terms
Archaeology Exam 4
During/after the fieldwork we return t…
Documentation of _________ should be r…
Provenience-labeled bags of _________…
Laboratory Processing includes what? (…
1. Documentation of materials, notes, etc.... 2. Provenience-la…
~Maps... ~Forms... ~Daily notes... ~Photos... ~Inventories... ~Video
~Artifacts... ~Plant remains... ~Animal remains... ~Human remains... ~Soi…
1. Gross inventory... 2. Sorting by material composition (becaus…
During/after the fieldwork we return t…
1. Documentation of materials, notes, etc.... 2. Provenience-la…
Documentation of _________ should be r…
~Maps... ~Forms... ~Daily notes... ~Photos... ~Inventories... ~Video
36 terms
Archaeology Quiz 4
Unaltered Materials
Synthetic Materials
Differences between unaltered and synt…
Alloying
Stone, flint, wood, plant and animal fibers, bone, antler, sh…
Pottery and metals
-synthetic materials are the products of human activities... -us…
Technique of mixing two or more metals to create a new materi…
Unaltered Materials
Stone, flint, wood, plant and animal fibers, bone, antler, sh…
Synthetic Materials
Pottery and metals
39 terms
Archaeology Essentials Chapter 4
relative dating
absolute dating
style
hand-axes
determination of chronological sequence without recourse to a…
determination of age with reference to a specific time scale,…
through their distinctive shape and decoration they are in so…
paleolithic stone tool usually made by modifying a natural pe…
relative dating
determination of chronological sequence without recourse to a…
absolute dating
determination of age with reference to a specific time scale,…
16 terms
Archaeology Quiz 4
Theater of Pompey... 61-55 BCE
silver denarius of Julius Caesar... 44 BC…
Forum of Julius Caesar... Venus Genetrix…
Forum of Augustus, temple of mars ulto…
Theater of Pompey... 61-55 BCE
silver denarius of Julius Caesar... 44 BC…
47 terms
Archaeology Lecture 4
Archaeology is largely a product of:
When did Archaeology become a formal d…
Titus Lucretius Carus' poem De Rerum N…
What religion largely replaced (or co-…
the Western World
Mid-1800s; did not feature well-developed ethics and a cohere…
stone, then later learned to create bronze and smelt iron
Christianity
Archaeology is largely a product of:
the Western World
When did Archaeology become a formal d…
Mid-1800s; did not feature well-developed ethics and a cohere…
89 terms
Ch. 4-6 Archaeology
Millet, rice, root crops
Rice, sorghum, pearl millet
Mexico
Gourds, tomatoes, beans, potatoes
Early domesticates in China included ________, ________, and…
_______, __________, and _____ ______ were domesticated in su…
In the New World, agriculture first developed in _________.
Sites in Peru contain evidence for the early domestication of…
Millet, rice, root crops
Early domesticates in China included ________, ________, and…
Rice, sorghum, pearl millet
_______, __________, and _____ ______ were domesticated in su…
19 terms
Archaeology Quiz 4
if the year is 400 BCE and im in greec…
if the year is 400 BCE and im in rome,…
what are two archaelogically attested…
the 1970 UNESCO Convention
Classical
Republican
-Architecture (pillars & arches)... -Sporting Events (gladitoria…
set an outline of ethical standards to abide by, limited exca…
if the year is 400 BCE and im in greec…
Classical
if the year is 400 BCE and im in rome,…
Republican
31 terms
Archaeology pt. 4
during the Renaissance
obtain artifacts & statuary for displa…
Description d l'Egypt coming out of Na…
opportunists lacking formal training i…
Antiquarianism came into being...
Charles' motivation for excavating Herculaneum & later Pompei…
Architecture of the Washington Monument was directly inspired…
Giovanni Belzoni & Austen Henry Layard were
during the Renaissance
Antiquarianism came into being...
obtain artifacts & statuary for displa…
Charles' motivation for excavating Herculaneum & later Pompei…
8 terms
Archaeology Outline 4
Blombos Cave
Upper Palaeolithic:
Dolni Vĕstonice, Czech Republic
General characteristics of Palaeolithi…
South Africa (Figure #1), 100 - 70kya. Where shell bids (perf…
ca. 40-10 kya ... 1. Sophisticated hunting cultures and technolo…
(Figure #2): 25 kya, mammoth bone caches, personal ornamentat…
painting, drawing, engraving, carving... Basic themes: animals,…
Blombos Cave
South Africa (Figure #1), 100 - 70kya. Where shell bids (perf…
Upper Palaeolithic:
ca. 40-10 kya ... 1. Sophisticated hunting cultures and technolo…
10 terms
Vocabulary 1.4 Archaeology
Archaeology
Excavate
Archaeological site
Carbon dating
The study of human history and prehistory through the examina…
Removing earth/dirt carefully and systematically from an area…
A place in which evidence of past activity is preserved, and…
Determining of the age or date of organic matter from the rat…
Archaeology
The study of human history and prehistory through the examina…
Excavate
Removing earth/dirt carefully and systematically from an area…
Archaeology 4/9/2015
Unilineal Cultural Evolution
Comparative Method
Natural Selection
Social Darwinism
The belief that human societies have evolved culturally along…
In Enlightenment philosophy, the idea that the world's existi…
The process through which some individuals survive and reprod…
The extension of the principles of Darwinian evolution to soc…
Unilineal Cultural Evolution
The belief that human societies have evolved culturally along…
Comparative Method
In Enlightenment philosophy, the idea that the world's existi…
46 terms
Archaeology Ch 1-4
Settlement patterns
TEK
Archaeological stratigraphy
Context
The set ways in which a group lives in their society and uses…
Traditional Educational Knowledge
The layers of archeological materials deposited through time…
The geological and archaeological layer (stratum) where artif…
Settlement patterns
The set ways in which a group lives in their society and uses…
TEK
Traditional Educational Knowledge
39 terms
Unit 4: Archaeological Survey
Research Design
Ground Reconnaissance
Aerial Reconnaissance
Unsystematic Surface Survey
is the systematic planning of archaeological research. It nor…
Field Walking
Aerial photography... Satellites... Radar
surveyors walk across an area, scanning the ground along thei…
Research Design
is the systematic planning of archaeological research. It nor…
Ground Reconnaissance
Field Walking
25 terms
World Archaeology Chapter 4
Pleistocene
Oxygen isotope curve
-Gran Dolina, Atapuerca
Bose
- the geological era that began 1.8 mya ... - characterized by t…
- the record if fluctuations in global climate during the Ple…
- a care in stain where stone tools and hominin remains dated…
- a site in southern China that produced a stone tool industr…
Pleistocene
- the geological era that began 1.8 mya ... - characterized by t…
Oxygen isotope curve
- the record if fluctuations in global climate during the Ple…
98 terms
Archaeology Test #4
Diffusionist approach
Processual archaeology
Structuralist approaches
Postprocessual
The theory (popularized by V.G. Childe) that all the attribut…
An approach that stresses the dynamic relationship between so…
Interpretations that stress that human actions are guided by…
Explanation formulated in reaction to the perceived limitatio…
Diffusionist approach
The theory (popularized by V.G. Childe) that all the attribut…
Processual archaeology
An approach that stresses the dynamic relationship between so…
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