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Study sets matching "archaeology american studies"

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Study sets matching "archaeology american studies"

8 terms
Archaeology & Native American Study Guide
Cactus Hill
Archaeologist
Archaeology
Inuit
located on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia... artifa…
study human behavior and cultures of the past through the rec…
the recovery of material evidence remaining from the past
Lived in present day Alaska and northern Canada... Lived in Igloos
Cactus Hill
located on the Nottoway River in southeastern Virginia... artifa…
Archaeologist
study human behavior and cultures of the past through the rec…
62 terms
Agriculture; American studies; Anthropology&Archaeology
agronomist
barley
basil
crop
n. 農(藝)學家
n. 大麥
n. 羅勒(一種帶香味可用於烹調的植物)
n. 收成 農作物 莊稼
agronomist
n. 農(藝)學家
barley
n. 大麥
7 terms
Native American & Archaeology Study Set
History
Goshute
Navajo
Paiute
A study of the past using multiple sources
This tribe lived in the hot west desert of Utah and called th…
This tribe lived in Southeastern Utah and lived in Hogans mad…
This peaceful tribe of Indians from south western Utah is sep…
History
A study of the past using multiple sources
Goshute
This tribe lived in the hot west desert of Utah and called th…
38 terms
Archaeology and Native American study set
What is Archaeology?
Archaeologists study:
Scientists currently debate
Pre-clovis people date back
the study of physical artifacts such as bones, tools, and pot…
human behavior and culture through the recovery and study of…
pre-clovis and clovis people - who came first
18,000, maybe even 50,000, years ago
What is Archaeology?
the study of physical artifacts such as bones, tools, and pot…
Archaeologists study:
human behavior and culture through the recovery and study of…
22 terms
Archaeology, American Indians Review
Archaeology
Archaeologists
Artifacts
Cactus Hill
the scientific study of past cultures and the way people live…
study human behaviour by examining stuff left behind by peopl…
objects that have been made, used, or changed by humans long…
one of the oldest archaeological sites in North America
Archaeology
the scientific study of past cultures and the way people live…
Archaeologists
study human behaviour by examining stuff left behind by peopl…
39 terms
USI.3 Archaeology and American Indians
Lived in the Canadian Shield region (i…
Lived in a COLD climate
Ate caribou, seals, fish, ducks, geese…
Lived igloos made of ice and lined wit…
Inuit
Inuit
Inuit
Inuit
Lived in the Canadian Shield region (i…
Inuit
Lived in a COLD climate
Inuit
46 terms
North American Archaeology- Basic Archaeological Terms
adze
adobe
Aeolian deposits
alluvium
a stone tool with a thinned, convex cutting edge which is haf…
mud used as mortar in aboriginal masonry; more recently- an u…
wind-blown deposits characteristic of relatively dry periods…
sand, gravel, or soil deposited by running water as it loses…
adze
a stone tool with a thinned, convex cutting edge which is haf…
adobe
mud used as mortar in aboriginal masonry; more recently- an u…
58 terms
must word 5000 (Agriculture, American studies, Anthropology and Archaeology, and Architecture)
agronomist
vegetation
fallow
hoe
n. ... 農(藝)學家
n.[U] ... 【植】植被... Forests and jungles have thick vegetation . 森林和熱…
[ˋfælo] ... a. 形容詞 ... (田地等)休耕的... The farmer left the land fallow for…
n. ... 鋤,鋤頭[C]... The gardener used a hoe to remove weeds . ... vi. ... 用…
agronomist
n. ... 農(藝)學家
vegetation
n.[U] ... 【植】植被... Forests and jungles have thick vegetation . 森林和熱…
10 terms
American Indian and Archaeology
American Indian tribe that lived in fo…
American Indian tribe that lived in ra…
American Indian tribe that lived in dr…
American Indian tribe that lived in fr…
Iroquois
Kwakuitl
Lakota
Inuit
American Indian tribe that lived in fo…
Iroquois
American Indian tribe that lived in ra…
Kwakuitl
10 terms
Archaeology Study
Anthropology
Normative Culture
Extrasomatic Culture
Paradigms
culture is shared, learned, and symbolic.
a pattern of traits; distinctions. A massive social unit, e.g…
culture as adaption.
a typical example of something; a model.
Anthropology
culture is shared, learned, and symbolic.
Normative Culture
a pattern of traits; distinctions. A massive social unit, e.g…
15 terms
Archaeology study
What does archaeology mean?
What are artifacts?
Cultural diffusion
Excavation
The scientific study of history
artifacts are handmade objects used and created in the past t…
mixing of different cultures and religons and spread of diffr…
a site that was dug up with something that was used in the past
What does archaeology mean?
The scientific study of history
What are artifacts?
artifacts are handmade objects used and created in the past t…
40 terms
North American Archaeology Midterm
Nabonidus
antiquarianism
Speculation Period (1840-1942)
Willey & Sabloff
first archaeologist, last king of Babylon... period of revitaliz…
collection of artifacts as curios or pieces of art, put on di…
speculation on origin and culture of Indians... influenced by Ch…
book, grouped time periods, led to systematically recording e…
Nabonidus
first archaeologist, last king of Babylon... period of revitaliz…
antiquarianism
collection of artifacts as curios or pieces of art, put on di…
60 terms
American History of Archaeology
Speculative Period
Native Americans (Speculative Period)
Native Americans (Speculative Period)
Native Americans (Speculative Period)
saw little interest in human progress and pre-contact history…
thought to be brutal by nature
thought to have lived in N.A. for only a few thousand years,…
thought to have been created as lesser humans through polygen…
Speculative Period
saw little interest in human progress and pre-contact history…
Native Americans (Speculative Period)
thought to be brutal by nature
21 terms
Native Americans and Archaeology
Kwakiutl
Iroquois
Lakota Sioux
Inuit
This tribe is from the Pacific Northwest region
This tribe is from the Appalachian Mountain region
This tribe is from the Great Plains region
This tribe is from the Arctic region
Kwakiutl
This tribe is from the Pacific Northwest region
Iroquois
This tribe is from the Appalachian Mountain region
39 terms
USI.3 Archaeology and American Indians
Lived in the Canadian Shield region (i…
Lived in a COLD climate
Ate caribou, seals, fish, ducks, geese…
Lived igloos made of ice and lined wit…
Inuit
Inuit
Inuit
Inuit
Lived in the Canadian Shield region (i…
Inuit
Lived in a COLD climate
Inuit
25 terms
Archaeology of American Civilization I
The first permanent English colonial s…
Organized along socialist/communist li…
During the initial founding, the colon…
No matter how hard you worked, you onl…
Jamestown (1607)
turn over everything to communal warehouses, to be distribute…
Failed.
same share
The first permanent English colonial s…
Jamestown (1607)
Organized along socialist/communist li…
turn over everything to communal warehouses, to be distribute…
12 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
Goals of Archaeology
Anthropology
Archaeological record
the study of the archaeological record
1. reconstruct culture history (chronology)... 2. Reconstruct pa…
the study of humans
the material remains of past human activity
Archaeology
the study of the archaeological record
Goals of Archaeology
1. reconstruct culture history (chronology)... 2. Reconstruct pa…
10 terms
North American Archaeology
first submarine to fire on a ship in N…
how did the HL Hunley attack target
an act that extended protection to shi…
who found the sub (Idk which sub)
HL Hunley
16 foot metal spar
Abandoned Shipwrecks Act f 1987
Clive Cussler
first submarine to fire on a ship in N…
HL Hunley
how did the HL Hunley attack target
16 foot metal spar
21 terms
north american archaeology
complex societies: american southwest
complex societies: northwest coast
complex societies: midwest/ southeast
hohokam
hohokam, ancestral puebloans
affluent foragers, ozette
adena/hopewell; mississippians- cohokia
agricultural villages, us southwest; complex irrigation infra…
complex societies: american southwest
hohokam, ancestral puebloans
complex societies: northwest coast
affluent foragers, ozette
27 terms
Social Studies- Archaeology
archaeologist
Artifact
Burial Mound
Carbon 14 dating
A person that studies archaeology
A human made object
a mound built over a grave or graves
how to find out how old something is by using a very efficien…
archaeologist
A person that studies archaeology
Artifact
A human made object
10 terms
Social Studies: Archaeology
archaeology
culture
primary sources
ancient
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
something written or created by a person who witnessed a hist…
very old
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
culture
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
10 terms
Archaeology and American Indians
Iroquois
Lakota
Pueblo
Kwakiutl
Lived in the Eastern Woodlands (the Appalachian Highlands, In…
Ate buffalo, antelope, maize, beans, pumpkins, berries and fr…
Had a hot and dry climate.
Lived in plank houses.
Iroquois
Lived in the Eastern Woodlands (the Appalachian Highlands, In…
Lakota
Ate buffalo, antelope, maize, beans, pumpkins, berries and fr…
9 terms
Roots of American Archaeology
C. J. Thompson
Andrew Jackson (in archaeology terms)
Squier and Davis
John Wesley Powell
Made director of national museum, developed the three age sys…
Wanted to eliminate the "Indian Problem" especially in Pensac…
In mid 1800s they gathered all information to their capabilit…
Lost arm in Civil War 1879 made head of bureau of ethnology
C. J. Thompson
Made director of national museum, developed the three age sys…
Andrew Jackson (in archaeology terms)
Wanted to eliminate the "Indian Problem" especially in Pensac…
49 terms
Native North American Archaeology
Lewis Henry Morgan
Ancient Society
Franz Boas
Concepts of Culture
1850s... League of the Iroquois... Ely Parker=Informant... Secretary t…
1877... Unilinear Evolution... Ethnocentrism... Karl Marx
1858-1942... Eskimo, Northwest Coast Indians... Cultural Relativism…
Non-biological... Material... Non-material-values, beliefs and worl…
Lewis Henry Morgan
1850s... League of the Iroquois... Ely Parker=Informant... Secretary t…
Ancient Society
1877... Unilinear Evolution... Ethnocentrism... Karl Marx
60 terms
North American Archaeology Final
Southwest Geography
Pots (Southwest)
Preservation (Southwest)
People (Southwest)
- Colorado plateau ... - Southern Rockies... -Chihuahua/Sonora Desert
-Folks who lived in the Southwest used Ceramics... -Pottery is a…
-in the dry climates of the southwest a lot of things can sti…
-Historically and traditionally the southwest is populated by…
Southwest Geography
- Colorado plateau ... - Southern Rockies... -Chihuahua/Sonora Desert
Pots (Southwest)
-Folks who lived in the Southwest used Ceramics... -Pottery is a…
45 terms
Meso-American Archaeology
Tula
Cerro de la Estrella
Culhuacan
Chichen Itza
The place of reeds > river... Toltec Capital... 3 Periods of deve…
Mountain where the last New Fire Ceremony was held ... Archaeol…
The nation that allowed the Aztecs to settle in their lands…
A Maya city that has similar architecture and iconography to…
Tula
The place of reeds > river... Toltec Capital... 3 Periods of deve…
Cerro de la Estrella
Mountain where the last New Fire Ceremony was held ... Archaeol…
23 terms
South American Archaeology Bermann
Monte Verde
Jaguay
Tacahuay
Chinchorro
year round occupation, simple tools, no big game, plant based
seasonal site but occupied annually, fish diet, shell middens
very brief occupation, seabird diet
sedentary site, paleopathology - anemia, spinal osteoporosis,…
Monte Verde
year round occupation, simple tools, no big game, plant based
Jaguay
seasonal site but occupied annually, fish diet, shell middens
37 terms
South American Archaeology 2
Moche
Wittfogel's Hydraulic Theory
Huacas del Moche
The Presentation Theme
==> 5 phase chronology... ==> Guañape (1800-400BC)... ==> Salinar (…
==> Billman tests Carl Wittvogel's theory that these elites w…
==> Monumental site... ==> Huaca de la luna... ==> 1980s: 2 peruvia…
==> Billman: Presentation Theme... ==> Ulluchu god disrupts orde…
Moche
==> 5 phase chronology... ==> Guañape (1800-400BC)... ==> Salinar (…
Wittfogel's Hydraulic Theory
==> Billman tests Carl Wittvogel's theory that these elites w…
38 terms
South American Archaeology
El Niño
Humboldt Current
Absolute vs. Relative Dating
Vertical Archipelago Model
"The Christ child" because it happens most intensely around C…
==> warm water for the most part... ==> besides the currents, es…
==> Absolute you can use isotopes to study the area... ==> Each…
==> 1985 ... Luapaca (edge of the Quechua and Suni/Jalca zones)…
El Niño
"The Christ child" because it happens most intensely around C…
Humboldt Current
==> warm water for the most part... ==> besides the currents, es…
80 terms
South American Archaeology Midterm
Tawantinsuyu
Athahualpa
Humboldt Current
The 4 Andean Altitude Zones
The Inca Empire, located in the highlands of Peru, was the la…
The last Sapa Inca (sovereign ruler) of the Inca Empire befor…
Cold, low-salinity ocean current that causes the coast of Per…
Yungas, Quechua, Suni, and Puna
Tawantinsuyu
The Inca Empire, located in the highlands of Peru, was the la…
Athahualpa
The last Sapa Inca (sovereign ruler) of the Inca Empire befor…
73 terms
South American Archaeology Final
Galindo
Pampa Grande
Tiwanaku (location and environment)
Tiwanaku art
-Middle Horizon... -Located in Moche Valley... -Coastal Site... -Templ…
-Middle Horizon... -Coastal site... -Evidence for organized plannin…
-Middle Horizon... -southern highlands around Lake Titicaca... -col…
-featured human figures in their art... -yamamama artistic style…
Galindo
-Middle Horizon... -Located in Moche Valley... -Coastal Site... -Templ…
Pampa Grande
-Middle Horizon... -Coastal site... -Evidence for organized plannin…
48 terms
Ancient American Civilization - Archaeology Course
Swidden Farming
Low energy Society
High energy Society
Tropical Rainforest
slash-and-burn, provided nutrients and cleared debris
uses stone-age tools, no draft animals, relied mostly on huma…
Relies on high per-capita consumption of energy from mostly n…
Mainly close to the equator with high rainfall and diverse ve…
Swidden Farming
slash-and-burn, provided nutrients and cleared debris
Low energy Society
uses stone-age tools, no draft animals, relied mostly on huma…
29 terms
south American archaeology final
paracas
nasca
cahuachi
puquios
located in northwestern peru- penisula... 700 BC- AD 1... sophistic…
AD 1- 700... linear petroglyphs- used for ritual processions- re…
pilgrimage destination with pyramids built from modified hill…
channel irrigation water in Nasca drainage
paracas
located in northwestern peru- penisula... 700 BC- AD 1... sophistic…
nasca
AD 1- 700... linear petroglyphs- used for ritual processions- re…
29 terms
North American Archaeology
Dorset haplotype
Thule haplotype
Sadlermiut haplogroup
Inuit haplogroup
D
A
50%A 50% D
98% A 2% D
Dorset haplotype
D
Thule haplotype
A
25 terms
South American Archaeology Final
The Moche
Wittfogel's (Hydraulic) Theory
Huacas del Moche (site)
The presentation theme
-Peru, 200-800 AD... -Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna... -three…
-development of canals correlates to emergence of political s…
-two pyramid complexes, urban center... -Huaca del Sol: adobe mu…
-seen at Huaca de la Luna (Moche)... -sacrifices... -highly decorat…
The Moche
-Peru, 200-800 AD... -Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna... -three…
Wittfogel's (Hydraulic) Theory
-development of canals correlates to emergence of political s…
39 terms
South American Archaeology Midterm
El Nino
Humboldt Current
Absolute Dating
Relative Dating
A weather pattern where the water along the west coast warms,…
A cyclical current that moves counterclockwise in the Pacific…
The process of determining an age on a specified time scale i…
Relative dating in archaeology presumes the age of an artifac…
El Nino
A weather pattern where the water along the west coast warms,…
Humboldt Current
A cyclical current that moves counterclockwise in the Pacific…
15 terms
USI.3- Archaeology, Native American Tribes, and Resources
Archaeologists study...
The ways archaeologists study the past…
One of the oldest archaeological sites…
Location of Cactus Hill
Human behavior and cultures of the past
The recovery and analysis (through digging or searching) of a…
Cactus Hill
In Southeast Virginia, on the Nottoway River
Archaeologists study...
Human behavior and cultures of the past
The ways archaeologists study the past…
The recovery and analysis (through digging or searching) of a…
34 terms
South American Archaeology Midterm
Challenges of high altitude living
El Niño, basic principles
Amazonia Dark Earth (ADE), or terra pr…
South American geographic regions
Associated with the Andes/Highlands: ... Low productivity, low p…
Short-term climate variations that have significant impacts c…
Dark soil found across Amazonia, occurs in areas where there…
Caribbean, Orinoco Basin, Andes, Amazon Basin, Grand Chaco, B…
Challenges of high altitude living
Associated with the Andes/Highlands: ... Low productivity, low p…
El Niño, basic principles
Short-term climate variations that have significant impacts c…
100 terms
Archaeology FINAL STUDY GUIDE
Relative Dating
Absolute Dating
Law of Superposition
Law of Association
Evaluating the age of one item relative to other items (A is…
Placing the age is an item on an absolute time scale, usually…
It states that in undeformed stratigraphic sequences, the old…
Date for one item is the date for all other items within the…
Relative Dating
Evaluating the age of one item relative to other items (A is…
Absolute Dating
Placing the age is an item on an absolute time scale, usually…
10 terms
Social Studies: Archaeology
archaeology
culture
primary sources
ancient
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
something written or created by a person who witnessed a hist…
very old
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
culture
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people.
15 terms
USI.3- Archaeology, Native American Tribes, and Resources
Archaeologists study...
The ways archaeologists study the past…
One of the oldest archaeological sites…
Location of Cactus Hill
Human behavior and cultures of the past
The recovery and analysis (through digging or searching) of a…
Cactus Hill
In Southeast Virginia, on the Nottoway River
Archaeologists study...
Human behavior and cultures of the past
The ways archaeologists study the past…
The recovery and analysis (through digging or searching) of a…
18 terms
Social Studies Archaeology Vocabulary
What are 4 ways people learn about the…
Why do we use facts, reasoned judgment…
Fact
Reasoned Judgment
written records, fossils, artifacts, oral tradition
To decide if information is accurate.
A statement that CAN be proven
Statement based on fact but has NOT been proven
What are 4 ways people learn about the…
written records, fossils, artifacts, oral tradition
Why do we use facts, reasoned judgment…
To decide if information is accurate.
38 terms
South American Archaeology exam 1
El Niño
Humboldt Current
Absolute vs. Relative Dating
Vertical Archipelago Model
"The Christ child" because it happens most intensely around C…
==> warm water for the most part... ==> besides the currents, es…
==> Absolute you can use isotopes to study the area... ==> Each…
==> Luapaca (edge of the Quechua and Suni/Jalca zones) 20,000…
El Niño
"The Christ child" because it happens most intensely around C…
Humboldt Current
==> warm water for the most part... ==> besides the currents, es…
27 terms
North American Archaeology Midterm 2
Monte Verde
The Piney Branch Site
Olsen- Chubbuck
Danger Cave
• The evidence from Monte Verde... -Paleoindian site located in…
William Henry Holmes... -Rock Creek Site... -Studied "paleoliths"... -…
• Kit Carson, Colorado... • Bison kill site... • Dates to 8000 BCE
• 11,000 years of occupation... • Excavated 1950's:... o Excellent…
Monte Verde
• The evidence from Monte Verde... -Paleoindian site located in…
The Piney Branch Site
William Henry Holmes... -Rock Creek Site... -Studied "paleoliths"... -…
41 terms
Archaeology case studies
Abu Hureyra
Gobeki Tepe
Jericho
Ain Ghazal
Syria... First occupation: 11,500-10,000 BC... Second occupation: 9…
Turkey... 9,600-8,200 BC... Built for religious, not agricultural r…
West Bank... 9600-7000 BC... Early farming village with ditches and…
Jordan... 7,200-5,200 BC... Rapid population increase, early exampl…
Abu Hureyra
Syria... First occupation: 11,500-10,000 BC... Second occupation: 9…
Gobeki Tepe
Turkey... 9,600-8,200 BC... Built for religious, not agricultural r…
social studies archaeology test
archaeology
observation
observation example
inference
the science that deals with past humans
describing an object using your 5 senses
i observe that this room is dark
an educated guess based on evidence
archaeology
the science that deals with past humans
observation
describing an object using your 5 senses
22 terms
Social Studies Archaeology
archaeology
archaeologist
artifact
carbon dating
the study of ancient civilizations
a scientist who studies ancient civilizations
objects left behind by ancient civilizations: like tools, wea…
a method of determining the age of an artifact
archaeology
the study of ancient civilizations
archaeologist
a scientist who studies ancient civilizations
12 terms
Social Studies-Archaeology
Archaeology
Archaeologist
Artifact
Prehistory
The study of past cultures through the things that remain suc…
A scientist who uncovers evidence, or proof, from the past.
An object made by people long ago.
The long period of time before people developed systems of wr…
Archaeology
The study of past cultures through the things that remain suc…
Archaeologist
A scientist who uncovers evidence, or proof, from the past.
15 terms
USI.3- Archaeology, Native American Tribes, and Resources
Archaeologists study...
The ways archaeologists study the past…
One of the oldest archaeological sites…
Location of Cactus Hill
Human behavior and cultures of the past
The recovery and analysis (through digging or searching) of a…
Cactus Hill
In Southeast Virginia, on the Nottoway River
Archaeologists study...
Human behavior and cultures of the past
The ways archaeologists study the past…
The recovery and analysis (through digging or searching) of a…
9 terms
Social Studies Archaeology
World history
Prehistoric
Stone Age
Cave paintings
The field of study concerned with global patterns of humans o…
The period of time in history before anything was ever writte…
Earliest known period of human culture market by the creation…
Paintings on cave walls and ceilings especially those dating…
World history
The field of study concerned with global patterns of humans o…
Prehistoric
The period of time in history before anything was ever writte…
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