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Study sets matching "archaeology chapter 2"

65 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2 definitions
Paradigm
Hypothesis
Site
Artifact
An overarching perspective, a broad view that underlies a sci…
A proposed explanation for some phenomenon. A hypothesis may…
A place where people lived/worked and where the physical evid…
Any object manufactured by a human being or human ancestor. U…
Paradigm
An overarching perspective, a broad view that underlies a sci…
Hypothesis
A proposed explanation for some phenomenon. A hypothesis may…
29 terms
chapter 2 (archaeology)
deduction
observation
hypothesis
experimention
a conclusion that follows logically from a set of observations
the gathering of scientific information by watching a phenome…
a preliminary explanation of a phenomenon. hypothesis formati…
the testing of a hypothesis
deduction
a conclusion that follows logically from a set of observations
observation
the gathering of scientific information by watching a phenome…
Chapter 2: Archaeology
Evolutionary Change:
Primate ancestors:
first primate
first "ape like" primate
gradualism, punctuated equilibrium, natural selection
apes, monkeys, prosimians, opposable thumbs, big toes, claws…
65 mya
35 mya
Evolutionary Change:
gradualism, punctuated equilibrium, natural selection
Primate ancestors:
apes, monkeys, prosimians, opposable thumbs, big toes, claws…
17 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
antiquarians
Bronze Age
civilization
diffusion
people interested in archaeology prior to the development of…
(5,500-3,000 BP) one of the basic chronological periods in Ol…
a society with a sociopolitical organization complex enough t…
the movement of ideas or technologies from one group to anoth…
antiquarians
people interested in archaeology prior to the development of…
Bronze Age
(5,500-3,000 BP) one of the basic chronological periods in Ol…
29 terms
Archaeology chapter 2
taxonomy
hominoidea
panins
hominins
a classification system that divides animal and plant groups…
the superfamily taxonomic category that includes gibbons, ora…
a generic term for the tribe taxonomic category of panini; in…
the generic term for the tribe taxonomic category of hominini…
taxonomy
a classification system that divides animal and plant groups…
hominoidea
the superfamily taxonomic category that includes gibbons, ora…
18 terms
Archaeology chapter 2
antiquarians
Bronze Age
civilization
diffusion
men in the age of enlightenment who were primarily interested…
the second period of time in the history of the world
a term which refers to preindustrial complex, state-level soc…
the movement of traits from one place to another
antiquarians
men in the age of enlightenment who were primarily interested…
Bronze Age
the second period of time in the history of the world
31 terms
Archaeology Vocab Chapter 2
anthropology
biological anthropology
cultural anthropology
participant observation
the study of all aspects of humankind - biological, cultural,…
aka physical anthropology; a sub discipline of anthropology t…
a subs discipline of anthropology that emphasizes nonbiologic…
the primary strategy of cultural anthropology, in which data…
anthropology
the study of all aspects of humankind - biological, cultural,…
biological anthropology
aka physical anthropology; a sub discipline of anthropology t…
19 terms
Archaeology 102 Chapter 2
Three-Age System
Cuneiform
Law of Superposition
Antiquarians
A dating process using bronze, iron and stone.
A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge sh…
A scientific law that states that in undisturbed sedimentary…
Collectors of Artifacts, they are the earliest Archaeologists…
Three-Age System
A dating process using bronze, iron and stone.
Cuneiform
A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge sh…
18 terms
World Archaeology Chapter 2
Archaeological theory
Thunderstones
Three age system
Neolithic
- ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and…
- objects such as ground stone axes that people in medieval E…
- a system developed by Danish antiquarian Christian Jurgense…
- the period in which there are polished stone tools ... - also…
Archaeological theory
- ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and…
Thunderstones
- objects such as ground stone axes that people in medieval E…
35 terms
Intro to Archaeology chapter 2
The expensive tissue hypothesis states…
Hadar and Laetoli
The earliest flaked stone tools date t…
In hominin evolution,
carnivores need less energy to maintain digestion, so can dev…
are East African sites along the Great Rift Valley
2.6 and 2.5 million years ago
several species of hominin lived at the same time... some specie…
The expensive tissue hypothesis states…
carnivores need less energy to maintain digestion, so can dev…
Hadar and Laetoli
are East African sites along the Great Rift Valley
25 terms
Archaeology Essentials: Chapter 2
ecofacts
matrix
provenience
association
non-artifactual organic and environmental remains that have c…
the physical material within which artifacts are embedded or…
the place of origin or known history of something; also the h…
the co-occurence of an artifact with other archaeological rem…
ecofacts
non-artifactual organic and environmental remains that have c…
matrix
the physical material within which artifacts are embedded or…
Archaeology Vocab Chapter 2
agency theory
archaeological theory
deduction
emic
A theory that emphasizes an interaction between the agency of…
Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and a…
Drawing particular inferences from general laws and models.
An approach to archaeological or anthropological analysis tha…
agency theory
A theory that emphasizes an interaction between the agency of…
archaeological theory
Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and a…
9 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
ingot
pectorals
adobe
occipital flattening
a casting of pure metal intended for transport and reuse, usu…
wide, biblike necklaces or plates worn over the chest area, p…
a brick made of earth and straw and dried by the sun
a flattening of the back of the head caused by hard crib boar…
ingot
a casting of pure metal intended for transport and reuse, usu…
pectorals
wide, biblike necklaces or plates worn over the chest area, p…
20 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
primate
Hominoidea
dryopithecine
paleoanthropology
the order of animals that includes lemurs, tarsiers, monkeys,…
taxonomic group that includes the human ape members of the pr…
the generic form/term for the Miocene fossil ancestor of both…
study of the biological and behavioral remains of the early h…
primate
the order of animals that includes lemurs, tarsiers, monkeys,…
Hominoidea
taxonomic group that includes the human ape members of the pr…
10 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
Antiquarians
Bronze Age
Civilization
Diffusion
People interested in archaeology prior to the development of…
One of the basic chronological periods in Old World archaeolo…
A society with a sociopolitical organization complex enough t…
The movement of ideas or technologies from one group to anoth…
Antiquarians
People interested in archaeology prior to the development of…
Bronze Age
One of the basic chronological periods in Old World archaeolo…
19 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
Pleistocene
Primate
Anthropoid
Prosimian
The last geological epoch, sometimes called the Ice Age or Qu…
A mammal order that includes tree-living placental mammals
The taxonomic suborder of apes, humans, and monkeys
The taxonomic suborder that includes femurs, tarsiers, and ot…
Pleistocene
The last geological epoch, sometimes called the Ice Age or Qu…
Primate
A mammal order that includes tree-living placental mammals
10 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
Three-Age System
Processual Archaeology
Systems Theory
Agency Theory
Stone, Iron, Bronze
science, deductive reasoning, mid-range theory (look at curre…
changes in human behavior based on environmental changes, emp…
focuses on behavior of individuals
Three-Age System
Stone, Iron, Bronze
Processual Archaeology
science, deductive reasoning, mid-range theory (look at curre…
17 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
ideational perspective
adaptive perspective
potlatch
trade language
research perspective that focuses on ideas, symbols, and ment…
research perspective that emphasizes technology, ecology, dem…
northwest coast native american ceremony involving the giving…
language that develops among speakers of different languages…
ideational perspective
research perspective that focuses on ideas, symbols, and ment…
adaptive perspective
research perspective that emphasizes technology, ecology, dem…
25 terms
Archaeology- Chapter 2: The Structure of Archaeological Inquiry
Anthropology
Biological Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
Linguistic Anthropology
the study of all aspects of humankind
a subdiscipline of anthropology that views humans as biologic…
A subdiscipline of anthropology that emphasizes nonbiological…
A subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on language
Anthropology
the study of all aspects of humankind
Biological Anthropology
a subdiscipline of anthropology that views humans as biologic…
21 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
Origins of archaeology
Antiquarians
European Archaeology
How else did European archaeology chan…
emerged from diverse origins and antiquarians
amateur collectors of artifacts
Disputed theological view of history relating to 6000 years w…
Charles Darwin showed evolutionary link in animal development…
Origins of archaeology
emerged from diverse origins and antiquarians
Antiquarians
amateur collectors of artifacts
17 terms
Archaeology Chapter 2
Artefacts
Ecofacts
Features
Structures
Something that is made, modified, or used by humans, that mus…
Tied to subsistence, or a naturally occuring remain that is n…
Modified aspect of the site that is not transportable and has…
Constructed element of the site; "added" material
Artefacts
Something that is made, modified, or used by humans, that mus…
Ecofacts
Tied to subsistence, or a naturally occuring remain that is n…
12 terms
Archaeology Essentials: Chapter 2
Ecofacts
Typology
Context
Matrix
Non-artifical organic and environmental remains that have cul…
The systematic organization of artifacts into types on the ba…
An artifacts context usually consists of its immediate matrix…
The physical material within which artifacts are embedded or…
Ecofacts
Non-artifical organic and environmental remains that have cul…
Typology
The systematic organization of artifacts into types on the ba…
39 terms
Introduction to Archaeology - CHAPTER 2
adaptive perspective
anthropological linguistics
archaeological record
archaeology
a research perspective that emphasizes technology, ecology, d…
a subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on human languag…
the documentation of artifacts and other material remains, al…
the study of the past through systematic recovery and analysi…
adaptive perspective
a research perspective that emphasizes technology, ecology, d…
anthropological linguistics
a subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on human languag…
38 terms
Chapter 2 - How to do Archaeology
empirical
objective
hypothesis
scientific theory
based on observation rather than logic
not influenced by feelings
an idea or explanation for a phenomenon that is based on exis…
a plausible or general body of principles that explain a natu…
empirical
based on observation rather than logic
objective
not influenced by feelings
18 terms
Archaeology: Part 2, Chapter 2: Key Terms
Antiquarians
Component
Cultural Ecology
Culture Area
someone interested in the past who collects and digs up antiq…
an association of al the artifacts from one occupation level…
the study of the dynamic interactions between human societies…
an arbitrary geographic or research area in which general cul…
Antiquarians
someone interested in the past who collects and digs up antiq…
Component
an association of al the artifacts from one occupation level…
12 terms
Archaeology Vocab Chapter 2 (draft)
anthropology
biological anthropology
cultural anthropology
participant observation
the study of all aspects of humankind - biological, cultural,…
aka physical anthropology; a sub discipline of anthropology t…
a sub discipline of anthropology that emphasizes nonbiologica…
the primary strategy of cultural anthropology in which data a…
anthropology
the study of all aspects of humankind - biological, cultural,…
biological anthropology
aka physical anthropology; a sub discipline of anthropology t…
47 terms
Archaeology and Chapter1 and chapter 2
movement
continents
equator
hemisphere
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
Half of a sphere/ Earth (Northern, Southern, Eastern, or West…
movement
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
continents
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
9 terms
chapter 2 archaeology and anthropology
creationism
evolution
intelligent design
archaeology
the belief that the universe and living organisms originate f…
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
the theory that life and the universe could not have arisen b…
the study of society of past times by using what people left…
creationism
the belief that the universe and living organisms originate f…
evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
18 terms
Archaeology and Prehuman History-Chapter 2 Key Terms
Agency Theory 46
Archaeological Theory 32
Deduction 40
Emic 44
A theory that emphasizes the interaction between the agency o…
Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and a…
Drawing particular inferences from general laws and models.
An approach to archaeological or anthropological analysis tha…
Agency Theory 46
A theory that emphasizes the interaction between the agency o…
Archaeological Theory 32
Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and a…
47 terms
World Archaeology- Chapter 2-6
Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace
Primatology
Ethnography
Archaeology
creators of Evolutionary Theory
study of non-human primates
study of modern human societies
study of past societies
Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace
creators of Evolutionary Theory
Primatology
study of non-human primates
Archaeology, Chapter 1, and Chapter 2 Vocabulary
movement
continents
equator
hemisphere
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
Half of a sphere/ Earth (Northern, Southern, Eastern, or West…
movement
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
continents
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
7 terms
History chapter.2 archaeology (study)
Archaeology is the story of the past f…
Artefacts are objects made by people,…
Plants and animals take in carbon-14 w…
Dendrochronology is another name for t…
What is archaeology?
What are artefacts?
What is radiocarbon dating?
What is dendrochronology?
Archaeology is the story of the past f…
What is archaeology?
Artefacts are objects made by people,…
What are artefacts?
10 terms
Archaeology Chapter Two Ferry
Ecofacts
Features
Tell
Context
Non-artificial organic and environmental remains that have cu…
A non-portable artifact; hearths, architectural elements, or…
Refers to a mound site formed through successive human occupa…
Usually consists of its immediate matrix, it's provenience, a…
Ecofacts
Non-artificial organic and environmental remains that have cu…
Features
A non-portable artifact; hearths, architectural elements, or…
33 terms
Chapter 2 - The Structure of Archaeological Inquiry
trade language
theory
testability
stelae
A language that develops among speakers of different language…
An explanation for observed, empirical phenomena. It is empir…
The degree to which one's observations and experiments can be…
Stone monuments erected by Maya rulers to record their histor…
trade language
A language that develops among speakers of different language…
theory
An explanation for observed, empirical phenomena. It is empir…
25 terms
Archaeology Around the World: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Absolute dating
Argon-argon Dating
Australopithecine
Bifacial
A method of assigning archaeological dates in calendar years…
A more accurate method of potassium-argon dating that involve…
The generic term for the various species of the genus Austral…
A flaked stone tool in which both faces or sides are retouche…
Absolute dating
A method of assigning archaeological dates in calendar years…
Argon-argon Dating
A more accurate method of potassium-argon dating that involve…
28 terms
Archaeology Chap 2
Archaeological Theory
Thunderstones
Three-Age System
Neolithic
Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and a…
Objects such as ground stone axes that people in Medieval Eur…
A system developed by Danish antiquarian Christian Jurgensen…
The period in which there are polished stone tools. Also call…
Archaeological Theory
Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and a…
Thunderstones
Objects such as ground stone axes that people in Medieval Eur…
66 terms
Archaeology Vocab Ch 2
absolute date
accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS)
activity area
archaeomagnetism
Any date where a year or range of years can be applied to a s…
A variety of radiocarbon dating. In conventional radiocarbon…
A place where an activity or group of activities were carried…
Orientation of the earth's magnetic field can become fixed in…
absolute date
Any date where a year or range of years can be applied to a s…
accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS)
A variety of radiocarbon dating. In conventional radiocarbon…
23 terms
Drolet archaeology midterm chapter 2
antiquarians
European archaeology
Charles Darwin
Neanderthal findings
amateur collectors
distinguishing prehistory from present;... time depth (artifacts…
evolutionary link to development; biological sequence of chan…
ancestral traits to modern man
antiquarians
amateur collectors
European archaeology
distinguishing prehistory from present;... time depth (artifacts…
31 terms
Archaeology Ch 2
anthropology
biological anthropology
cultural anthropology
linguistic anthropology
the study of all aspects of humankind - biological, cultural,…
a sub discipline of anthropology that views humans as biologi…
a sub discipline of anthropology that emphasizes nonbiologica…
a sub discipline of anthropology that focuses on human langua…
anthropology
the study of all aspects of humankind - biological, cultural,…
biological anthropology
a sub discipline of anthropology that views humans as biologi…
In the Beginning an Intro to Archaeology Key terms Chapter 2
Components
Cultural Ecology
Culture Areas
Culture History
an association between artifacts within the same level at an…
interactions between human societies and their environments
archaeological equivalent of the broad ethnographic culture a…
the description chronological and spacial ordering of archaeo…
Components
an association between artifacts within the same level at an…
Cultural Ecology
interactions between human societies and their environments
18 terms
Archaeology Chapter II
Culture
Ideational perspective
Adaptive perspective
Low-level theory
Brings together the four subfields of anthropology; archaeolo…
Focused on ideas, symbols, and mental structures as driving f…
Isolates technology, ecology, demography, and economics as ke…
Observations come from hands-on work
Culture
Brings together the four subfields of anthropology; archaeolo…
Ideational perspective
Focused on ideas, symbols, and mental structures as driving f…
10 terms
The Structure of Archaeology Chapter 2 Quiz
Which of the following does NOT charac…
Which subfield of Anthropology sees hu…
Which subfield of Anthropology might b…
Which subfield of Anthropology studies…
It discourages a search for diversity.
Biological Anthropology
Linguistic Anthropology
Archaeology
Which of the following does NOT charac…
It discourages a search for diversity.
Which subfield of Anthropology sees hu…
Biological Anthropology
13 terms
Understand Humans Intro to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology Chapter 2
Natural Selection
Fixity of Species
Binomial Nomenclature
Taxonomy
The most critical mechanism of evolutionary change, first art…
The notion that species, once created, can never change; an i…
In taxonomy, the convention established by Carolus Linnaes wh…
The branch of science concerned with the rules of classifying…
Natural Selection
The most critical mechanism of evolutionary change, first art…
Fixity of Species
The notion that species, once created, can never change; an i…
31 terms
Chapter 2: the Structure of Archaeological Inquiry
anthropology
biological anthropology
cultural anthropology
linguistic anthropology
the study of all aspects of humankind-- biological, cultural,…
a subdiscipline of anthropology that views humans as biologic…
a subdiscipline of anthropology that emphasizes nonbiological…
a subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on human languag…
anthropology
the study of all aspects of humankind-- biological, cultural,…
biological anthropology
a subdiscipline of anthropology that views humans as biologic…
8 terms
History: section one, chapter 2 archaeology
Diffferent methods to choose a site.
Test trench
Artefact
Carbon testing
Written records... Accidental finds ... Dig before a new road/build…
Sample portion of a site to investigate whether it is worth d…
Man made object from the past.
To find the age of an object that was once alive using carbon…
Diffferent methods to choose a site.
Written records... Accidental finds ... Dig before a new road/build…
Test trench
Sample portion of a site to investigate whether it is worth d…
30 terms
Archaeology Ch.2 Vocabulary
anthropology
biological anthropology
cultural anthropology
linguistic anthropology
The study of all aspects of humankind— biological, cultural,…
A subdiscipline of anthropology that views humans as biologic…
A subdiscipline of anthropology that emphasizes nonbiological…
A subdiscipline of anthropology that focuses on human languag…
anthropology
The study of all aspects of humankind— biological, cultural,…
biological anthropology
A subdiscipline of anthropology that views humans as biologic…
46 terms
Archaeology and chapter 1 and 2
movement
continents
equator
hemisphere
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
Half of a sphere/ Earth (Northern, Southern, Eastern, or West…
movement
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
continents
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
46 terms
Archaeology and chapter 1 and 2
movement
continents
equator
hemisphere
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
Half of a sphere/ Earth (Northern, Southern, Eastern, or West…
movement
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
continents
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
48 terms
Archaeology and Chapter 1 & 2
movement
continents
equator
hemisphere
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway b…
Half of a sphere/ Earth (Northern, Southern, Eastern, or West…
movement
How people, goods, and ideas move from one location to another.
continents
(n) one of the main landmasses of the globe, usually reckoned…
55 terms
Archaeology 2
burial place
successor
cemetery
vernacular architecture
место захоронения
преемник, наследник
кладбище
народная традиционная архитектура
burial place
место захоронения
successor
преемник, наследник
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