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Study sets matching "archaeology chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "archaeology chapter 3"

35 terms
Intro to Archaeology Chapter 3
The lack of sexual dimorphism in H. er…
The oldest widely accepted evidence fo…
Understanding of Neanderthal evolution…
TD6 is important because
may signal the beginning of a more typically human pattern wi…
comes from the Homo erectus sites of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov in…
Sima de los Huesos
it is the only known context for H. antecessor... it is the seco…
The lack of sexual dimorphism in H. er…
may signal the beginning of a more typically human pattern wi…
The oldest widely accepted evidence fo…
comes from the Homo erectus sites of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov in…
49 terms
chapter 3 (archaeology)
pedigree
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
nucleus
a diagram used in the study of human genetics that shows the…
single-celled organisms, such as bacteria, in which the genet…
a cell that possesses a well-organized nucleus, cellular anat…
in eukaryotic cells, the part of the cell in which the geneti…
pedigree
a diagram used in the study of human genetics that shows the…
prokaryotes
single-celled organisms, such as bacteria, in which the genet…
12 terms
Archaeology chapter 3
analogy
cultural materialism
ethnoarchaeology
ethnographic analogy
an argument that if two things are similar in some aspects, t…
a theoretical framework based on the idea that human social l…
the archaeological analysis of living peoples to gain insight…
archaeologists employ information about living groups to help…
analogy
an argument that if two things are similar in some aspects, t…
cultural materialism
a theoretical framework based on the idea that human social l…
31 terms
archaeology chapter 3
pleistocene
dmanisi
sangiran
ubeidiya
a geological epoch beginning 2.6 million years ago and lastin…
a 1.7 million year old site in the republic of georgia that c…
a site on java in indonesia it contains the remains of homo e…
dating to 1.5 million years ago, this site in israel in levan…
pleistocene
a geological epoch beginning 2.6 million years ago and lastin…
dmanisi
a 1.7 million year old site in the republic of georgia that c…
22 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3
analogy
cultural materialism
ethnoarchaeology
ethnographic analogy
an inference that if two things are similar in some ways, the…
the theoretical framework based on the idea that human behavi…
the study of how living traditional people do things and how…
the use of information about living societies to help constru…
analogy
an inference that if two things are similar in some ways, the…
cultural materialism
the theoretical framework based on the idea that human behavi…
33 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3 definitions
Hominin
Miocene
Niche
Genera (sing. genus)
Any creature believed to be in the direct human line. Bipedal…
Period of time from 23 to 5 million years ago. Forests were m…
The actual physical space occupied by an organism as well as…
The level in biological taxonomy between family and species.
Hominin
Any creature believed to be in the direct human line. Bipedal…
Miocene
Period of time from 23 to 5 million years ago. Forests were m…
Chapter 3: Archaeology
Morphological Identifiers: Skull
Homo Habilis:
Homo ergaster:
Turkana Boy:
Occipital bun, brow ridge, sagital crest, mandible
1.9-->1.6 mya, Olduvai Gorge,Turkana, South Africa, Larger br…
"working man," 1.8 mya---> 600,000, cranial capactiy(600-910…
1.6 mya--->1.33 mya, most complete hominin skeleton older tha…
Morphological Identifiers: Skull
Occipital bun, brow ridge, sagital crest, mandible
Homo Habilis:
1.9-->1.6 mya, Olduvai Gorge,Turkana, South Africa, Larger br…
32 terms
Archaeology Vocab Chapter 3
archaeological sites
"gumshoe survey"
projectile points
seasonal round
any place where material evidence exists about the human past…
a fortunate combo of happenstance, hard work, and luck
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
hunter-gatherers' pattern of movement between different place…
archaeological sites
any place where material evidence exists about the human past…
"gumshoe survey"
a fortunate combo of happenstance, hard work, and luck
34 terms
Archaeology Definitions - Chapter 3
Conservation
Typology
Osteology
Skeletal Age-Indicator Techniques
techniques used on archaeological materials to stop or revers…
a way of organizing artifacts in categories based on their pa…
the study of the form and function of the skeleton.
osteological techniques that are used to estimate the age at…
Conservation
techniques used on archaeological materials to stop or revers…
Typology
a way of organizing artifacts in categories based on their pa…
38 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3
Pleistocene
Homo erectus
Dmanisi
Sangiran
A geological epoch (sometimes called the Ice Ages) beginning…
The earliest hominin in genus Homo that is essentially skelet…
A 1.7 million-year-old site in the Republic of Georgia that c…
A site on Java in Indonesia (Southeast Asia), it contains the…
Pleistocene
A geological epoch (sometimes called the Ice Ages) beginning…
Homo erectus
The earliest hominin in genus Homo that is essentially skelet…
35 terms
World Archaeology Chapter 3
Phylogeny
Ontogeny
nuclear DNA
Mitochondrial DNA
- reconstructing evolutionary history of a species
- the growth and development of an individual organism
- DNA located in the nucleus ... - combines from each parent
- DNA located outside of the cell nucleus ... - inherited exclus…
Phylogeny
- reconstructing evolutionary history of a species
Ontogeny
- the growth and development of an individual organism
39 terms
Archaeology Essentials: Chapter 3
research design
ground reconnaissance
aerial survey
Geographic Information System
systematic planning of archaeological research, usually inclu…
collective name for a wide variety of methods for identifying…
important technique, primarily employing aerial and satellite…
software based systems designed for the collection, organizin…
research design
systematic planning of archaeological research, usually inclu…
ground reconnaissance
collective name for a wide variety of methods for identifying…
11 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3
Analogy
Cultural Materialism
Ethnoarchaeology
Enthographic Analogy
An influence suggesting that if two things are similar in som…
The theoretical framework based on the idea that human behavi…
The study of how living traditional people do things and how…
The use of information about living societies to help constru…
Analogy
An influence suggesting that if two things are similar in som…
Cultural Materialism
The theoretical framework based on the idea that human behavi…
38 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3
Research Design
Formulation
Collect and record of evidence (data)
Processing and analysis
Formulation ... Collect & recording of evidence ... Processing and…
Hypothesis or formulation of a research strategy - Resolve a…
Literature - Read all information available on region that yo…
Statistical analysis, process materials, document, clean, cla…
Research Design
Formulation ... Collect & recording of evidence ... Processing and…
Formulation
Hypothesis or formulation of a research strategy - Resolve a…
9 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3
National Register of Historic Places
Hominids
Hominins
Miocene
list of significant historic/prehistoric properties
humans and non-human apes (broader group)
members of human lineage (more specific, just humans)
22-5 mya... apes variety (extinct @ end)... bipedals (into Pliocene)
National Register of Historic Places
list of significant historic/prehistoric properties
Hominids
humans and non-human apes (broader group)
40 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3
Culture History
What is the process of culture history
Research/Survey
Framework
focuses on sequence and defining spatial distribution of past…
a chronicle of events and general trends of culture change an…
selection of site with chronological depth inferred from cult…
Definition of periods and phrases with the incorporation of n…
Culture History
focuses on sequence and defining spatial distribution of past…
What is the process of culture history
a chronicle of events and general trends of culture change an…
17 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3
neolithic
handaxe
reduction technique
achulean
represented by polished stone tools, pottery, domesticated pl…
large, teardrop-shaped stone tool bifacially flaked to a poin…
manufacturing process involving the removal of materials from…
major archaeological culture of the lower paleolithic
neolithic
represented by polished stone tools, pottery, domesticated pl…
handaxe
large, teardrop-shaped stone tool bifacially flaked to a poin…
26 terms
Archaeology Essentials: Chapter 3
Reconnaissance Survey
Remote Sensing
Research Design
Ground Reconnaissance
A broad range of techniques involved in the location of archa…
The imaging of phenomena from a distance, primarily through a…
Systematic planning of archaeological research, usually inclu…
A collective name for a wide variety of methods for identifyi…
Reconnaissance Survey
A broad range of techniques involved in the location of archa…
Remote Sensing
The imaging of phenomena from a distance, primarily through a…
Archaeology Vobab Chapter 3
Acheulian
Ardipithecus ramidus
australopithecines
bifaces
Lower Paleolithic stone tool industry dated in Africa between…
An early species in the hominin lineage. This species, which…
A hominin genus that lived in Africa between 4 million and 2.…
Characteristic tools of the Acheulian. Bifaces include handax…
Acheulian
Lower Paleolithic stone tool industry dated in Africa between…
Ardipithecus ramidus
An early species in the hominin lineage. This species, which…
22 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3 & 4
site
projectile points
seasonal round
settlement pattern
any place where material evidence exists about human past
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
hunter gatherers pattern of movement between different places…
distribution of archaeological sites across a region
site
any place where material evidence exists about human past
projectile points
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
8 terms
Chapter 3- Women in Archaeology
Gilchrist (1991)
The goal of Feminist archaeology
What topics are just now starting to e…
Gender Theory
She views "Woman's Archaeology" as constituted by three theme…
change the male dominated basis of society, archaeology, and…
the nature of personal agency, sexuality, and the control of…
the topic of masculinity and femininity as defined by society…
Gilchrist (1991)
She views "Woman's Archaeology" as constituted by three theme…
The goal of Feminist archaeology
change the male dominated basis of society, archaeology, and…
18 terms
Archaeology: Part 2, Chapter 3: Key Terms
Cognitive Archaeology
Cognitive-Processual Approach
Critical Archaeology
Cultural Ecology
the study of human intangibles using archaeological data
an approach to archaeology that combines the processual appro…
the study of the meanings behind ancient material culture
the study of the dynamic interactions between human societies…
Cognitive Archaeology
the study of human intangibles using archaeological data
Cognitive-Processual Approach
an approach to archaeology that combines the processual appro…
28 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3- Doing Fieldwork: Surveying for Archaeological Sites
projectile points
seasonal round
settlement pattern
settlement system
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
hunter-gatherers' pattern of movement between different place…
the distribution of archaeological sites across a region
the movements and activities reconstructed from a settlement…
projectile points
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
seasonal round
hunter-gatherers' pattern of movement between different place…
28 terms
Archaeology Chapter 3- Doing Fieldwork: Surveying for Archaeological Sites
projectile points
seasonal round
settlement pattern
settlement system
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
hunter-gatherers' pattern of movement between different place…
the distribution of archaeological sites across a region
the movements and activities reconstructed from a settlement…
projectile points
arrowheads, dart points, or spear points
seasonal round
hunter-gatherers' pattern of movement between different place…
27 terms
Archaeology and Prehuman History-Chapter 3 Key Terms
Acheulian 69
Ardipthiecus ramidus 62
Australopithecines 63
Bifaces 70
Lower Paleolithic stone tool industry dated in Africa 1.7 mil…
An early species in the hominin lineage. This species, which…
A hominin genus that lived in Africa between 4 million and 2.…
Characteristics tools of the Acheulian. Bifaces include handa…
Acheulian 69
Lower Paleolithic stone tool industry dated in Africa 1.7 mil…
Ardipthiecus ramidus 62
An early species in the hominin lineage. This species, which…
44 terms
Archaeology Essentials, Chapter 3: Where?
research design
1. formulation of a research strategy…
State Historic Preservation Office; ea…
ground reconnaissance
a procedure that makes explicit what the archaeologists objec…
The 4 stages of research design
SHPO
ground-level identification of sites (actual fieldwork).
research design
a procedure that makes explicit what the archaeologists objec…
1. formulation of a research strategy…
The 4 stages of research design
14 terms
Archaeological Survey: Chapter 3
pedestrian survey
remote sensing
When did archaeologists start surveyin…
What types of data do we learn by look…
Finding sites on the ground by walking over the study region
finding sites without entering the field using a variety of t…
Archaeology began with an interest in only the largest sites…
Location... Date... Population... Settlement distribution and rank... Env…
pedestrian survey
Finding sites on the ground by walking over the study region
remote sensing
finding sites without entering the field using a variety of t…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Pseudoarchaeology vs. Archaeology
pseudoarchaeology
archaeology
inkblot approach
Occam's Razor
the mirror image of archaeology ... -does not employ the rigorou…
the real science of the human past
many pseudoarchaeologists employ the same invalid and biased…
the logical principle that the simplest explanation that acco…
pseudoarchaeology
the mirror image of archaeology ... -does not employ the rigorou…
archaeology
the real science of the human past
12 terms
Archaeology Chapter Three Ferry
Site Surface Survey
Subsurface Detection
Ground-based Remote Sensing
Excavation
The Study of distribution of surviving features at a site, an…
The use of probes and shovel-test pits to find and map subsur…
The use of non-destructive techniques, such as ground-penetra…
The principle method of acquistion involving the systematic u…
Site Surface Survey
The Study of distribution of surviving features at a site, an…
Subsurface Detection
The use of probes and shovel-test pits to find and map subsur…
21 terms
Intro to Archaeology (ANTH 115) Chapter 3
archaeological site
projectile points
seasonal round
mano
Any place where material evidence exists about the human past…
Arrow heads, dart points, or spear points
Hunter-gatherer's pattern of movement between different place…
A fist-sized, round, flat, handheld stone used with a metate…
archaeological site
Any place where material evidence exists about the human past…
projectile points
Arrow heads, dart points, or spear points
15 terms
Drolet archaeology midterm chapter 3
culture history
culture history research
culture history framework
culture area
emphasis on sequence and defining spatial distribution of pas…
survey;... selection of site with chronological depth inferred f…
definition of periods and phases;... incorporation of neighborin…
largest space-time grid
culture history
emphasis on sequence and defining spatial distribution of pas…
culture history research
survey;... selection of site with chronological depth inferred f…
27 terms
Archaeology Chap 3
Hominins
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
Ardipithecus ramidus
Radiation
All the members of the human lineage after it split with the…
A possible early member of the hominin lineage. Fossils of th…
An early species in the hominin lineage. This species, which…
A period in which there is a rapid increase in the diversity…
Hominins
All the members of the human lineage after it split with the…
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
A possible early member of the hominin lineage. Fossils of th…
34 terms
Archaeology Vocab Ch 3
arboreal
articular surfaces
australopithecine
bipedal locomotion
Life in the trees. Primates for the most part (our species is…
The surfaces of two adjacent bones marking the point at which…
Any members of the genus Australopithecus, including several…
The ability to walk on two feet. With a few notable exception…
arboreal
Life in the trees. Primates for the most part (our species is…
articular surfaces
The surfaces of two adjacent bones marking the point at which…
23 terms
Archaeology Chapter III
Gumshoe survey
Projective points
Layer-cake stratigraphy
Statistical sampling
Sites are happened upon and found through luck and hard work
Arrowhead and spearheads
Layered in ground was human activity over multiple years
Underlie sampling strategies that provide accurate measures o…
Gumshoe survey
Sites are happened upon and found through luck and hard work
Projective points
Arrowhead and spearheads
In the Beginning An Intro to Archaeology Key Terms Chapter 3
Cognitive Archaeology
Cognitive-Processual Approach
Critical Archaeology
Cultural Materialism
the study of human intangibles using archaeological data
an approach to archaeology that combines the processual appro…
the study of the meanings behind ancient material culture
an approach to archaeology that stresses the comples relation…
Cognitive Archaeology
the study of human intangibles using archaeological data
Cognitive-Processual Approach
an approach to archaeology that combines the processual appro…
501 terms
Archaeology 1000 - Main Phases, Archaeology theories, methods, and practice ch 1-3, Chapter 3 all use good, Archaeology 1000 - Names, Archaeology 1000 - Definitions, Archaeology theories, methods, and practice ch 1-4, Archaeology 1000 - Main Phases,...
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Speculative Phase - 14th-17th Century; Antiquarians
First Excavations - 18th Century; Pompeii; Mounds
Creating The Discipline (Framework) - 18th-20th Centuries; Th…
Classification and Consolidation - 1900-1960; Data Focussed;…
Phase 1
Speculative Phase - 14th-17th Century; Antiquarians
Phase 2
First Excavations - 18th Century; Pompeii; Mounds
85 terms
Archaeology 1000 - Main Phases, Archaeology theories, methods, and practice ch 1-3, Chapter 3 all use good
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
Phase 4
Speculative Phase - 14th-17th Century; Antiquarians
First Excavations - 18th Century; Pompeii; Mounds
Creating The Discipline (Framework) - 18th-20th Centuries; Th…
Classification and Consolidation - 1900-1960; Data Focussed;…
Phase 1
Speculative Phase - 14th-17th Century; Antiquarians
Phase 2
First Excavations - 18th Century; Pompeii; Mounds
25 terms
Archaeology Ch.3 Vocabulary
archaeological site
projectile points
seasonal round
mano
Any place where material evidence exists about the human past…
Arrowheads, dart points, or spear points.
Hunter-gatherers' pattern of movement between different place…
A fist-sized, round, flat, handheld stone used with a metate…
archaeological site
Any place where material evidence exists about the human past…
projectile points
Arrowheads, dart points, or spear points.
30 terms
Chapter 3 - Doing Fieldwork: Surveying for Archaeological Sites
archaeological site
deflation
geographic information system (GIS)
georeferenced
Any place where material evidence exists about the human past…
A geologic process whereby fine sediment is blown away by the…
A computer program for storing, retrieving, analyzing, and di…
Data that are input to a GIS database using a common mapping…
archaeological site
Any place where material evidence exists about the human past…
deflation
A geologic process whereby fine sediment is blown away by the…
31 terms
Archaeology Essentials Chapter 3R
Reconnaissance Survey
Surface Survey
Remote Sensing Devices
Research Design
Either on the ground or from the air
Survey on the surface without any excavation
Devices that allow you to survey and record without having to…
1. Formulation of Research Strategy... 2. Collecting and Recordi…
Reconnaissance Survey
Either on the ground or from the air
Surface Survey
Survey on the surface without any excavation
51 terms
archaeology ch 3
aerial imagery
archaeological site
broad spectrum model
chaco canyon
taking images from the sky above a site to get a map.... shows…
...
wetland food resources are lower quality and more difficult t…
region where roads are being tested to see if they were linke…
aerial imagery
taking images from the sky above a site to get a map.... shows…
archaeological site
...
108 terms
Archaeology Chapters 1-3
Anthropology
Cultural Archaeology
Physical Anthropology
Linguistic Anthropology
study of humans
study of diversity of living societies
AKA biological Ant. : study of human evolution
study of world languages
Anthropology
study of humans
Cultural Archaeology
study of diversity of living societies
43 terms
Archaeology Exam 3
Bioarchaeology
Growth of Children, Taung, South Africa
Osteons
Determination of Sex
The study of human remains with the purpose of determining se…
A 1-2 million year old skull of an Australopithecus from Taun…
When trying to place an age on an organism by studying it's b…
When a body's remains are intact, determination of gender is…
Bioarchaeology
The study of human remains with the purpose of determining se…
Growth of Children, Taung, South Africa
A 1-2 million year old skull of an Australopithecus from Taun…
9 terms
Archaeology: Part 3, Chapter 4: Key Terms
Archaeological Data
Archaeological Record
Cultural Transformations
Inorganic Materials
the natural materials recognized by the archaeologist as sign…
artifacts, sites, and other human-manufactured features or re…
changes in the archaeological record resulting from later hum…
objects that are not part of the animal or plant kingdom, inc…
Archaeological Data
the natural materials recognized by the archaeologist as sign…
Archaeological Record
artifacts, sites, and other human-manufactured features or re…
16 terms
Archaeology 3
Culture
Adaptive Viewpoint
Ideational Viewpoint
Cultural Process
theoretical concept used by archaeologists and anthropologist…
assume economics, technology, population densities, and ecolo…
focus on complex set of perceptions, conceptual designs, and…
deductive approach to archaeological research that is designe…
Culture
theoretical concept used by archaeologists and anthropologist…
Adaptive Viewpoint
assume economics, technology, population densities, and ecolo…
19 terms
Archaeology: Part 3, Chapter 7: Key Terms
Absolute Chronology
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Dating
Archaeomagnetic Dating
Australopithecus
dating in calendar years before the present; chronometric
a radiocarbon dating method that uses a mass spectrometer; mo…
chronometric dating using magnetic alignments from buried fea…
primate whose fossil remains have been found mainly in easter…
Absolute Chronology
dating in calendar years before the present; chronometric
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Dating
a radiocarbon dating method that uses a mass spectrometer; mo…
10 terms
Archaeology section 3 key terms
Archaeological theory
Thomas Jeffersons early archaeology
Relative dating
3 Age system
Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and a…
He carried out one of the first archaeological excavations in…
You can specify if something is older or younger than somethi…
A system developed by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen that catalo…
Archaeological theory
Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and a…
Thomas Jeffersons early archaeology
He carried out one of the first archaeological excavations in…
25 terms
Archaeology: Part 3, Chapter 6: Key Terms
Archaeological Culture
Archaeological Record
Archaeological Regions
Artifact
a group of assemblages at several sites representing the surv…
artifacts, sites, and other human-manufactured features or re…
well-defined geographic areas bound by a conspicuous geograph…
any object manufactured or modified by human beings
Archaeological Culture
a group of assemblages at several sites representing the surv…
Archaeological Record
artifacts, sites, and other human-manufactured features or re…
42 terms
Archaeology 3
archaeology
survey
excavation
archaeological site
the study of prehistoric and historic peoples and their cultu…
the physical examination of an archaeological site to determi…
the exposure, processing, and recording of archaeological rem…
the geographical location where evidence of past human activi…
archaeology
the study of prehistoric and historic peoples and their cultu…
survey
the physical examination of an archaeological site to determi…
39 terms
Intro to Archaeology- Chpt 3
Academic Archaeology
Indigenous Archaeology
Shovelbums
Gray Literature
Archaeology undertaken for intellectual or scholarly reasons…
Archaeology done by, with, or for indigenous peoples (Native…
A term applied to itinerant archaeological fieldworkers, who…
Archaeological reports with limited distribution
Academic Archaeology
Archaeology undertaken for intellectual or scholarly reasons…
Indigenous Archaeology
Archaeology done by, with, or for indigenous peoples (Native…
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