Study sets matching "archaeology"

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Study sets matching "archaeology"

12 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
Goals of Archaeology
Anthropology
Archaeological record
the study of the archaeological record
1. reconstruct culture history (chronology)... 2. Reconstruct pa…
the study of humans
the material remains of past human activity
Archaeology
the study of the archaeological record
Goals of Archaeology
1. reconstruct culture history (chronology)... 2. Reconstruct pa…
Archaeology
What is epistemology?
unduction
Deduction
Anthropology
It's the study of knowledge.... 'How do you know hat you know?'
arguing from specific to general
reasoning from general to specific
study of human diversity past and present
What is epistemology?
It's the study of knowledge.... 'How do you know hat you know?'
unduction
arguing from specific to general
Archaeology
Pseudoscience
Theory of Evolution
Gradualism
Punctuated Equilibrium
Fake archaeology.... A fake or false science that makes claims b…
theory of earliest life forms changing to adapt to new enviro…
gradual evolution... A proposed explanation in evolutionary biol…
fast, adapted change in evolution... the hypothesis that evoluti…
Pseudoscience
Fake archaeology.... A fake or false science that makes claims b…
Theory of Evolution
theory of earliest life forms changing to adapt to new enviro…
Archaeology
ancient
archaeology
artifacts
museum
Very old or from very long ago
Science that studies what people from the past have left behind
An object made by people long ago
A place where artifacts are kept for people to see
ancient
Very old or from very long ago
archaeology
Science that studies what people from the past have left behind
5 terms
Archaeology
Artifact
Fossil
Excavate
Archaeologist
a human made object ( ex. pottery, jewelry and tools)
the remains of something that was once alive... ( plants, animal…
to dig up the ground to find things buried in the dirt.
A person who digs up things to learn about the past
Artifact
a human made object ( ex. pottery, jewelry and tools)
Fossil
the remains of something that was once alive... ( plants, animal…
29 terms
Archaeology
History
Archive
Museum
Microfilm/microfiche
Someone who finds out about the past
Collects mainly written documents
collects and stores objects for study and display
digital storage for huge amounts of historical content
History
Someone who finds out about the past
Archive
Collects mainly written documents
12 terms
Archaeology
ARCHAEOLOGY
OBSERVATION
INFERENCE
ARTIFACT
the science that deals with past human life by using fossils…
a description of an object using your 5 senses
an educated guess (hypothesis) about what something is or how…
an object made or used by people in the past
ARCHAEOLOGY
the science that deals with past human life by using fossils…
OBSERVATION
a description of an object using your 5 senses
42 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
Anthropology
Subfields of Anthropology
Classical Archaeology
Study of material remains of past cultures.
Study of people; employing a holistic, comparative approach a…
-Biological: Human biological variation.... -Cultural: Cultural…
Rise and fall of ancient societies (Western Civilizations) wi…
Archaeology
Study of material remains of past cultures.
Anthropology
Study of people; employing a holistic, comparative approach a…
Archaeology
Stratigraphy
Law of Superposition
Stratum (Strata)
Artifact
the analysis of the order and position of layers of archaeolo…
It states that in undeformed stratigraphic sequences, the old…
A layer or a series of layers of rock in the ground.
An object made by a human being, typically an item of cultura…
Stratigraphy
the analysis of the order and position of layers of archaeolo…
Law of Superposition
It states that in undeformed stratigraphic sequences, the old…
158 terms
archaeology
scales of analyses
Types of sample units:
Cultural processes-
Ecological & materialist model of cult…
artifact & ecofact, feature,site, and region
1. Simple random sampling: Ensures that each sample unit has…
reconstruct the past.
Ecological model of culture: views culture in a synchronic ma…
scales of analyses
artifact & ecofact, feature,site, and region
Types of sample units:
1. Simple random sampling: Ensures that each sample unit has…
78 terms
Archaeology
coprolite
clovis weapon
Hawks Ladder of Inference (bottom to t…
prehistoric
desiccated, preserved feces... can tell a lot about the past - g…
biface weapon characterized by channel in contour
Technology, Subsistence and Economics, Social and Political O…
pre-written history, includes paleolithic, mesolithic, neolit…
coprolite
desiccated, preserved feces... can tell a lot about the past - g…
clovis weapon
biface weapon characterized by channel in contour
5 terms
Archaeology
site
archaeologist
archaeology
civilization
A place where people lived.
A person who studies archaeology.
The study of history through artifacts and physical evidence.
A group of people who have cities, writing, technology, gover…
site
A place where people lived.
archaeologist
A person who studies archaeology.
34 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
Indirect source
Direct source
History
the study of what is ancient that looks at the societies of t…
ancient writings and iconography that recounts history throug…
human made artifacts and ecofacts that are tangible remnants…
Analyzes written documents to understand the past
Archaeology
the study of what is ancient that looks at the societies of t…
Indirect source
ancient writings and iconography that recounts history throug…
29 terms
Archaeology
Archeology
Dig
Primary sources
Secondary sources
The study of the remains of past cultures.
An archeological site
Items that were actually made or used by the people you are s…
Items that are good sources of information, but were not made…
Archeology
The study of the remains of past cultures.
Dig
An archeological site
Archaeology
aerial
artisan
chamber
descendant
of, with, or from aircraft; of or about the air
craftsperson; person skilled in a trade
room; group of rooms
offspring; person born in a certain family
aerial
of, with, or from aircraft; of or about the air
artisan
craftsperson; person skilled in a trade
5 terms
Archaeology
ARCHAEOLOGY
OBSERVATION
INFERENCE
ARTIFACT
the science that deals with past human life by using fossils…
a description of an object using your 5 senses
an educated guess (hypothesis) about what something is or how…
an object made or used by people in the past
ARCHAEOLOGY
the science that deals with past human life by using fossils…
OBSERVATION
a description of an object using your 5 senses
6 terms
Archaeology
Artifacts
Fossils
excavate
archaeologist
things used or made by people long ago.
remains of people , animals, or plants
to dig up
study the things people left behind to
Artifacts
things used or made by people long ago.
Fossils
remains of people , animals, or plants
12 terms
Archaeology
archaeology
archaeologist
site
grids
the study of past life through what's been left behind
a person who finds the items left behind
the right place to dig to find remains
help mark the location of an object compared to other things…
archaeology
the study of past life through what's been left behind
archaeologist
a person who finds the items left behind
Archaeology
Anthropology
Anthropologist
Recent
Preserve
n. the study of human races, origins, societies, and cultures
n. person involved in the study of human races, origins, soci…
adj. happening or beginning not long ago
v. to keep (something) in its original state or in good condi…
Anthropology
n. the study of human races, origins, societies, and cultures
Anthropologist
n. person involved in the study of human races, origins, soci…
33 terms
Archaeology
Artifact
Eco-fact
Feature
Natural formation processes
Any object made, modified, or used by people
Archaeological finds that are of cultural significance, but w…
Any physical structure around it such as the wall, post hole,…
The burial and survival of the archaeological record
Artifact
Any object made, modified, or used by people
Eco-fact
Archaeological finds that are of cultural significance, but w…
82 terms
Archaeology
archeologist
origin
originate
primitive
n.考古学家
n.起源
v.起源于
adj.原始的;远古的
archeologist
n.考古学家
origin
n.起源
103 terms
Archaeology
Microevolution
Macroevolution
non-random mating
positive assortative mating
changes in a population's allele frequencies from one generat…
long-term patterns of genetic change and the process of speci…
unintentional because of geographic proximity; or intentional…
individuals mate with others of similar genotypes, increases…
Microevolution
changes in a population's allele frequencies from one generat…
Macroevolution
long-term patterns of genetic change and the process of speci…
53 terms
archaeology
Period of Exploration
Age of Reason
Rise of American Anthropolgy
2 categories of anthropolgy
1000-1600 AD (Marco Polo, Columbus)
1600-1800s (scientific method, division of modern sciences fr…
1888- Franz Boas
biological and cultural
Period of Exploration
1000-1600 AD (Marco Polo, Columbus)
Age of Reason
1600-1800s (scientific method, division of modern sciences fr…
22 terms
Archaeology
types of approaches
speculative
processual archaeology
post processual archaeology
speculative, processual, post processual
migration- people moving led to movement of ideas... diffusion o…
cultural processes understood through science
understand meaning, humanist perspectives on the past
types of approaches
speculative, processual, post processual
speculative
migration- people moving led to movement of ideas... diffusion o…
33 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
Prehistory
Excavation
Artifacts
The study of past cultures through materials remains - the st…
before written times
remove from the ground by digging
an object made by a human
Archaeology
The study of past cultures through materials remains - the st…
Prehistory
before written times
19 terms
Archaeology
Kitchen midden
Megalith
Artifact
Oral tradition
a rubbish heap including bones and fossils.
a very large stone used in prehistoric buildings or monuments.
an object made by humans.
legends, myths and beliefs passed down by word of mouth.
Kitchen midden
a rubbish heap including bones and fossils.
Megalith
a very large stone used in prehistoric buildings or monuments.
36 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
3 goals of archaeology
3 misperceptions about archaeology
Clovis
The study of the human past through material remains
1. Reconstruct culture history... 2. Reconstruct past life ways…
1. Archaeologist dig up dinosaurs... 2. Archaeology is done some…
Distinctive tool kit; especially fluted projectile point
Archaeology
The study of the human past through material remains
3 goals of archaeology
1. Reconstruct culture history... 2. Reconstruct past life ways…
archaeology
Olduvai Gorge
Atapuerca
Boxgrove England
Cactus Hill-
homohabilis bones found, oldowan tools
spain,heidelbergensis, and h. erectus body pit could be for m…
male shin bone found, of heidelbergensis acheulian techonolog…
proved rockshelter findings, spear points found below clovis,…
Olduvai Gorge
homohabilis bones found, oldowan tools
Atapuerca
spain,heidelbergensis, and h. erectus body pit could be for m…
Archaeology
Prehistory
History
Fossil
Artifact
The period of time in the past before writing was invented
Recorded events of people
The preserved remains of living things
Objects that were made by people more than 50 years ago such…
Prehistory
The period of time in the past before writing was invented
History
Recorded events of people
archaeology
Paleoindian
Archaic
Woodland
Prehistoric
until pottery; mass extinctions ... ~13,000 to 8000 BC
:...until permanent settlements ... ~8000 to 1000 BC
Adena, Hopewell ... ~1000 BC to 1000 AD
After Woodland (1000 AD) until ... contact (~1500 AD).
Paleoindian
until pottery; mass extinctions ... ~13,000 to 8000 BC
Archaic
:...until permanent settlements ... ~8000 to 1000 BC
71 terms
Archaeology
History of archaeology
Thomas Jefferson
John Lubbock
C. J. Thomsen
Questions/Ideas/Theory... Research Methods... Discoveries in the fi…
Credited with "the first scientific excavation in the history…
Wrote the book "Prehistoric Times" in 1865. This became a bes…
Danish scholar who proposed the Three Age System (Stone Age,…
History of archaeology
Questions/Ideas/Theory... Research Methods... Discoveries in the fi…
Thomas Jefferson
Credited with "the first scientific excavation in the history…
71 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
Bishop James Ussher
Georges Cuvier
William Smith
Study of people through their things.
Calculated the date of creation to the night before October 2…
"The Prophet of Bones": French Naturalist and brilliant paleo…
Field geologist who was an expert on canals and farm drainage…
Archaeology
Study of people through their things.
Bishop James Ussher
Calculated the date of creation to the night before October 2…
10 terms
Archaeology
Tomb
Treasure
Pyramid
Mummy
Grobowiec
Skarb
Piramida
Mumia
Tomb
Grobowiec
Treasure
Skarb
Archaeology
Archaeology
Origins of Archaeological work
archaeological evidence
Examples of archaeological evidence
The study of ancient human societies using material remains t…
Colonization, Smithsonian, Chicago world fair
The totality of archaeological remains from a site constitute…
stone tools, skeletal remains, plant remains, steams left beh…
Archaeology
The study of ancient human societies using material remains t…
Origins of Archaeological work
Colonization, Smithsonian, Chicago world fair
73 terms
Archaeology
Who invented the wheel?
Who didn't have wheels?
Stone Age
Classes of Stone Tools
Sumerians... (not stone)
the New World
3 may - 2000 BCE
chipped and ground
Who invented the wheel?
Sumerians... (not stone)
Who didn't have wheels?
the New World
24 terms
Archaeology
What is archeology?
culture
biological anthro
cultural anthro
"past tense of cultural anthropology"; studies past cultures…
non biological characteristics of humanity
study of human biological characteristics
studies human culture and society
What is archeology?
"past tense of cultural anthropology"; studies past cultures…
culture
non biological characteristics of humanity
43 terms
Archaeology
Grimaldi
Pleistocene
Holocene
Paleolithic
Context of female representations, italy, found venuses
1.8 mill-10 kya
10 kya- present
2.8 mya- 11.5 kya
Grimaldi
Context of female representations, italy, found venuses
Pleistocene
1.8 mill-10 kya
33 terms
archaeology
archaeology is
archaeology definition
archaeology as anthropology
archaeology as history
arterial remains... ancient civilizations... digging things up... arch…
the study of human behaviour/culture through the analysis of…
links to cultural and sociological aspects of people
links to written record
archaeology is
arterial remains... ancient civilizations... digging things up... arch…
archaeology definition
the study of human behaviour/culture through the analysis of…
71 terms
Archaeology
George Bass
Mehmet Cakir
Cemal Pulak
Helmut and Erika Simon
Developed standard for underwater archaeology
Turkish sponge diver who discovered ulu burun
Excavated Ulu-Burun along with George Bass from 1983-1994.
Discovered Otzi
George Bass
Developed standard for underwater archaeology
Mehmet Cakir
Turkish sponge diver who discovered ulu burun
83 terms
Archaeology
Direct Dating Method
Indirect Dating Method
Relative Dating Method
Stratigraphy
Dating a feature/artifact/ecofact itself.
Dating based on archaeological evidence's association with ot…
Date/age specified in relation to something else. Allows to o…
Relative dating method. Uses vertical excavations to look thr…
Direct Dating Method
Dating a feature/artifact/ecofact itself.
Indirect Dating Method
Dating based on archaeological evidence's association with ot…
Archaeology
Culture
Context
Society
Ethnography
The whole complex of traditional behavior, morals, values and…
The relationship of an artifact, ecofact, or feature to other…
The aggregate of people living together in a more or less ord…
The descriptive study of one culture or sub culture based of…
Culture
The whole complex of traditional behavior, morals, values and…
Context
The relationship of an artifact, ecofact, or feature to other…
Archaeology
Chalcolithic
Great Zimbabwe
Hyksos
Akkadians
Describes a civilization/period where both bronze and stone a…
ruin from the capital city of the Kingdom (1200 - 1550 AD), c…
mixed group of Asiatic people from Western Asia who took over…
(2334 - 2154 BC): Semites and Sumerian speakers, controlled M…
Chalcolithic
Describes a civilization/period where both bronze and stone a…
Great Zimbabwe
ruin from the capital city of the Kingdom (1200 - 1550 AD), c…
Archaeology
Provenience
Living Floor
Floatation
Multi-component
An artifact's location relative to a system of spatial data c…
Occupation level, where fire pits are
A process where you take dirt and dump it in a tub of water a…
When a site contains evidence of more than none use of occupa…
Provenience
An artifact's location relative to a system of spatial data c…
Living Floor
Occupation level, where fire pits are
26 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
Stratigraphy
Horizontal associations
Vertical associations
Learning about past human cultures through the analysis of ma…
A branch of geology dealing with the classification nomenclat…
Relationships across space
Relationships through time
Archaeology
Learning about past human cultures through the analysis of ma…
Stratigraphy
A branch of geology dealing with the classification nomenclat…
Archaeology
What is the goal of Archaeology?
what are the two types of dating metho…
Why do people move to new locations/en…
why do people start food producing rat…
to reconstruct and interpret peoples behavior and cultural pa…
relative dating (stratigraphy) and absolute dating (radiocarb…
shifting climates... more seasonality... need for more land... populat…
-previous strategies no longer available... -marginal zones for…
What is the goal of Archaeology?
to reconstruct and interpret peoples behavior and cultural pa…
what are the two types of dating metho…
relative dating (stratigraphy) and absolute dating (radiocarb…
Archaeology
What does Cognitive Archaeology study?
What is an epiphenomenon?
The difference between inference and i…
How archaeologists use ethnographic in…
o Studies of archaeological materials that seek to understand…
Epiphenomenal: One step moved from the material world (Influe…
• Inference: A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence an…
• Gives you insight into what/how people thought and worked,…
What does Cognitive Archaeology study?
o Studies of archaeological materials that seek to understand…
What is an epiphenomenon?
Epiphenomenal: One step moved from the material world (Influe…
Archaeology
dendochronology
typology dating
preservation
conservation
Tree Ring Dating
Dating technique which arranges artefacts in a chronological…
Maintenance of a resource in its present condition, with as l…
The sustainable use and management of a natural resource, thr…
dendochronology
Tree Ring Dating
typology dating
Dating technique which arranges artefacts in a chronological…
7 terms
Archaeology
Archaeological Site
Archaeology
Artifact
Paleolithic
A place were human activity occurred and material remains wer…
A method for studying past human cultures and analyzing mater…
Any item made
Old Stone Age
Archaeological Site
A place were human activity occurred and material remains wer…
Archaeology
A method for studying past human cultures and analyzing mater…
5 terms
Archaeology
History
Culture
Archaeology
Fossils
The study of the past.
the knowledge,beliefs,customs, and values of group of people.
The study of the past based on what people left behind. (Arti…
A part or imprint of something that was once alive.
History
The study of the past.
Culture
the knowledge,beliefs,customs, and values of group of people.
8 terms
Archaeology
Archaeology
Artefacts
Fossils
Excavation
the study of what has been left behind by people from the past
Objects made by humans, e.g. coins, tools and pottery
remains of living things (plants, animals, people), not of th…
When archaeologists dig in the ground looking for remains fro…
Archaeology
the study of what has been left behind by people from the past
Artefacts
Objects made by humans, e.g. coins, tools and pottery
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