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Study sets matching "arguments"

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Study sets matching "arguments"

8 terms
Arguments
It's easier said than done
To be in the wrong
To keep things under control
To lose your temper
Es más fácil decirlo que hacerlo
Estar equivocado
Controlarse
Perder los nervios, enfurecerse
It's easier said than done
Es más fácil decirlo que hacerlo
To be in the wrong
Estar equivocado
21 terms
Arguments
Arguments : Typical Wrong Answers
Arguments : Words of Quantity... ALL/EAC…
Arguments : Words of Quantity... MOST
Arguments : Words of Quantity... MANY
1. Introduces new information ... 2. Restate a premise... 3. Inaccu…
100%
More than 50%, less than 100%
More than one, less than 100%
Arguments : Typical Wrong Answers
1. Introduces new information ... 2. Restate a premise... 3. Inaccu…
Arguments : Words of Quantity... ALL/EAC…
100%
28 terms
Arguments
Ad Hominem Abusive
Ad Hominem Circumstantial
Tu Queque
Genetic Fallacy
Arguments that attempt to avoid the issue by insulting an opp…
Arguments that try to discredit an opponent because of his ba…
Arguments that assume that a rival's recommendation should be…
Arguments that state that an idea
Ad Hominem Abusive
Arguments that attempt to avoid the issue by insulting an opp…
Ad Hominem Circumstantial
Arguments that try to discredit an opponent because of his ba…
8 terms
Arguments
他们不喜欢我的朋友
我不做作业
我不做家务
我不帮助爸爸妈妈
they don't like my friends (tāmen bù xihuān wǒde péngyou)
I don't do my homework (wǒ bù zuò zuòyè)
I don't do housework (wǒ bù zuò jiāwù)
I don't help my parents (wǒ bù bāngzhu bàba mama)
他们不喜欢我的朋友
they don't like my friends (tāmen bù xihuān wǒde péngyou)
我不做作业
I don't do my homework (wǒ bù zuò zuòyè)
10 terms
Arguments
Argumentative Essay
Opinion
Thesis statement
Facts
an essay that tries to prove a point by supporting it with ev…
A personal view, attitude, or appraisal.
a statement or sentence that states the purpose of a paper or…
data
Argumentative Essay
an essay that tries to prove a point by supporting it with ev…
Opinion
A personal view, attitude, or appraisal.
30 terms
Arguments
Moreover
however
On the one hand
On the other hand,
sőt, mi több
azonban
Egyrészt...
Másrészt azonban...
Moreover
sőt, mi több
however
azonban
10 terms
Arguments
supporting arguments
logical connectives
premise
beg the question
arguments for important premises that the author uses in maki…
words or phrases signposting the connections between differen…
a statement or idea that is accepted as being true and that i…
the author's argument assume the conclusion it is attempting…
supporting arguments
arguments for important premises that the author uses in maki…
logical connectives
words or phrases signposting the connections between differen…
7 terms
Arguments
Claim
Evidence
Reason
Counter claim
Give position for or argainst something.
Proof supports claim.
Explain evidence.
What some one who disagrees would say.
Claim
Give position for or argainst something.
Evidence
Proof supports claim.
18 terms
Arguments
das beweist, dass ...
das ist der Grund warum ...
es betrifft ...
es freut mich, dass ...
that proves that ...
that is the reason why ...
it concerns ...
I am pleased that ...
das beweist, dass ...
that proves that ...
das ist der Grund warum ...
that is the reason why ...
12 terms
Arguments
Argument
Claim
Evidence
Reasoning
Opposing views
No evidence for his or her typical answer
A belief that is true or valid
The action of thinking about something logical
Argument
Opposing views
Claim
No evidence for his or her typical answer
19 terms
Arguments
To start with
First of all
In the first place
moreover
Zaczynając od
Przede wszystkim
Po pierwsze
ponadto
To start with
Zaczynając od
First of all
Przede wszystkim
31 terms
Arguments
In favor of
advantages
benefits
pros
en favor de
ventajas
beneficios
benefits
In favor of
en favor de
advantages
ventajas
20 terms
Arguments
rhetoric
rhetorical device
appeal
ethos
The art of speaking/writing persuasively. Accomplished throug…
A technique employed by a speaker/writer to elicit an intende…
A request. In arguments, a speaker/writer makes appeals to th…
An appeal to the audience's sense of right and wrong, or, an…
rhetoric
The art of speaking/writing persuasively. Accomplished throug…
rhetorical device
A technique employed by a speaker/writer to elicit an intende…
12 terms
Arguments
claim
thesis statement
support
oppose
statement of position... thesis
presents the topic and main idea... usually lists 3 points
to back... to favor... to share the same opinion
to be against... do not favor... do not support
claim
statement of position... thesis
thesis statement
presents the topic and main idea... usually lists 3 points
9 terms
Arguments
Modus Ponens
Modus Tollens
Hypothetical Syllogism
Disjunctive Syllogism
If p, then q. P is true. Therefore, q.
If p, then q. Not q (q is not true). Therefore, not p.
If p, then q. If q, then r. Therefore, if p, then r.
Either p or q. Not p (p is not true). Therefore, q.
Modus Ponens
If p, then q. P is true. Therefore, q.
Modus Tollens
If p, then q. Not q (q is not true). Therefore, not p.
Arguments
Evaluative
Begging the question
Fallacies
Example
makes judgments about the quality of something; usually limit…
assumes a debatable part of the argument is already agreed upon
error in arguments, intentional or accidental most evade the…
gives argument more credibility, they can be real or hypothet…
Evaluative
makes judgments about the quality of something; usually limit…
Begging the question
assumes a debatable part of the argument is already agreed upon
10 terms
Arguments
Argument
Inductive Argument
Deductive Argument
Valid Argument
A connected series of statements to establish a definite prop…
An argument that moves from specific observations to general…
An argument that uses accepted general principles to explain…
A deductive argument if the conclusion must follow from the h…
Argument
A connected series of statements to establish a definite prop…
Inductive Argument
An argument that moves from specific observations to general…
13 terms
Arguments
Argument
Claim
Counterclaim
Ethos
writing that expresses a position on an issue or problem
writer's position on an issue or problem
arguments made to oppose (counter)
credibilty
Argument
writing that expresses a position on an issue or problem
Claim
writer's position on an issue or problem
9 terms
arguments
valid argument
invalid argument
sound argument
unsound argument
An argument with a conclusion thats true to the premises
An argument thats conclusion isn't true to the premises
An valid argument with true premises
An valid argument with false premises
valid argument
An argument with a conclusion thats true to the premises
invalid argument
An argument thats conclusion isn't true to the premises
13 terms
Arguments
Argument
Claim
Counterclaim
Ethos
Writing that expresses a position on an issue or problem and…
Writer's position on an issue or problem
Arguments made to oppose the opposing view points
Credibility
Argument
Writing that expresses a position on an issue or problem and…
Claim
Writer's position on an issue or problem
21 terms
Argument
fallacy
Aristotle
logos
pathos
an error in reasoning
delineated the three appeals that rule arguments
an appeal to logic
an appeal to emotions
fallacy
an error in reasoning
Aristotle
delineated the three appeals that rule arguments
16 terms
Argument
Claim
Evidence
Reasons
Explanations or Elaborations
A writer or speaker's opinion that must be proven through rea…
Every essay needs this to support the claim. Here are example…
Specific opinions related to a writer's or speaker's claim. T…
A writer or speaker must tell how and/or why their evidence p…
Claim
A writer or speaker's opinion that must be proven through rea…
Evidence
Every essay needs this to support the claim. Here are example…
20 terms
Arguments
Modus ponens
Modus tollens
Hypothetical syllogism
Disjunctive syllogism
If p then q.... p.... Therefore, q.
If p then q.... Not q.... Therefore, not p.
If p then q.... If q then r.... Therefore, if p then r.
P or q.... Not p.... Therefore, q.
Modus ponens
If p then q.... p.... Therefore, q.
Modus tollens
If p then q.... Not q.... Therefore, not p.
12 terms
Arguments
Validity
Sound-ness
Modus Ponens (MP)
Conjunction (Conj)
Argument A is valid if and only if it is logically impossible…
Argument A is sound if and only if A is valid and all of A's…
if P, then Q ... P... Therefore, Q
P... Q... Therefore P and Q
Validity
Argument A is valid if and only if it is logically impossible…
Sound-ness
Argument A is sound if and only if A is valid and all of A's…
20 terms
Arguments
Modus Ponens
Modus Tollens
Hypothetical Syllogism
Disjunctive Syllogism
If p then q... p.... Therefore, q
If p then q... Not-q... Therefore, not p
If p then q... If q then r... Therefore, if p then r
p or q... Not- p... Therefore, q
Modus Ponens
If p then q... p.... Therefore, q
Modus Tollens
If p then q... Not-q... Therefore, not p
30 terms
Arguments
Die Eifersüchtigkeit
Die Verantwortung
Die Rollenverteilung
Die Auseinandersetzung
Jealousy
Responsibility
Division of Roles
Disagreement
Die Eifersüchtigkeit
Jealousy
Die Verantwortung
Responsibility
14 terms
Arguments
Invitational Arguments
Rogerian Argument
Arguments to Convince
Arguments to Persuade
Interested in inviting others to join the mutual exploration…
Approaches argument in non-threatening ways, establishes a co…
Typically aim to convince their audience rather than persuade…
Want to move the audience into taking action
Invitational Arguments
Interested in inviting others to join the mutual exploration…
Rogerian Argument
Approaches argument in non-threatening ways, establishes a co…
9 terms
Arguments
modus ponens
modus tollens
disjunctive syllogism
hypothetical syllogism
if p, then q... p... therefore q
if p, then q... not q ... therefore not p
either p or q ... not p ... therefore q
if p then q... if q then r... therefore if p then r
modus ponens
if p, then q... p... therefore q
modus tollens
if p, then q... not q ... therefore not p
15 terms
Arguments
Logic
Premises
Conclusion
Argument
The science that evaluates arguments ... Increase in confidence…
the statements that set forth the reason or evidence
the statement that the evidence is claimed to support or imply
A group of statements, one or more of which (the premises) ar…
Logic
The science that evaluates arguments ... Increase in confidence…
Premises
the statements that set forth the reason or evidence
10 terms
Arguments
premises
premises
inference
conclusion
propositions whose truth is assumed by someone making an argu…
can be either true or false
the process of drawing a conclusion form a set of premises, e…
proposition whose truth is implied by the premises
premises
propositions whose truth is assumed by someone making an argu…
premises
can be either true or false
28 terms
Arguments
Aristotle
Socrates
Cicero
Disposition (a)
Rhetoric favors moral and just arguments... Created ethos, patho…
Distinction between knowledge and belief ... Rhetoric art of per…
Exordium brings mind of reader ready for speech ... Goodwill fro…
Hearer favors at once
Aristotle
Rhetoric favors moral and just arguments... Created ethos, patho…
Socrates
Distinction between knowledge and belief ... Rhetoric art of per…
50 terms
arguments
cease to do sth
cease doing sth
cease less
its high time
stop
...
bedune stop rokh dadan chzi
dige vaghteshe,
cease to do sth
stop
cease doing sth
...
8 terms
Arguments
argument
claim
conclusion
premises
list of claims each of which have a logical relationship to t…
something that an author says is true
final claim that is supported by premises
supporting claims
argument
list of claims each of which have a logical relationship to t…
claim
something that an author says is true
9 terms
Arguments
Affirming the Consequent
Denying the Antecedent
Modus Tollens
Modus Ponens
INVALID... P1: if P, then Q... P2: Q... C: P
INVALID; syllogism... P1: if P, then Q... P2: not P... C: not Q
Denying mode; always good... P1: if P, then Q... P2: not Q... C: not P
Affirming mode; always good... P1: if P, then Q... P2: P... C: Q
Affirming the Consequent
INVALID... P1: if P, then Q... P2: Q... C: P
Denying the Antecedent
INVALID; syllogism... P1: if P, then Q... P2: not P... C: not Q
12 terms
Arguments
Claim
Argument
Persuasion
Evidence
Main idea,1st paragraph
based on facts and evidence (logic)
based on opinions and emotions
proof
Claim
Main idea,1st paragraph
Argument
based on facts and evidence (logic)
22 terms
Arguments
Main Point Question Phrasing
Necessary Assumption Question Phrasing
Sufficient Assumption Question Phrasing
Weaken Question Phrasing
What is the author's main point?... The main conclusion drawn i…
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument…
Which one of the following if assumed, would enable the concl…
Which one of the following, if true, would most undermine the…
Main Point Question Phrasing
What is the author's main point?... The main conclusion drawn i…
Necessary Assumption Question Phrasing
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument…
42 terms
Arguments
in the first place
First of all
To start with
To begin with / secondly
am ersten Platz
zuallererst
zunächst
zweitens
in the first place
am ersten Platz
First of all
zuallererst
8 terms
Arguments
Prime minister
Leader of opposition
Member of government
Return to Leader of opposition
Is first and has 7 minutes
Is second and has 8 minutes
Is third and has 8 minutes
Is fourth 4 minutes REBUTTAL
Prime minister
Is first and has 7 minutes
Leader of opposition
Is second and has 8 minutes
9 terms
Arguments
Morgenthau: A Realist Theory of Intern…
Keohane: From After Hegemony: Cooperat…
Alexander Wendt: "Anarchy is What Stat…
Michael W. Doyle "Liberalism and World…
Mearsheimer: Anarchy and the Struggle for Power
Mearsheimer "The False Promise of International Institutions"
...
Eric Gartze "Capitalist Peace or Democratic Peace?"
Morgenthau: A Realist Theory of Intern…
Mearsheimer: Anarchy and the Struggle for Power
Keohane: From After Hegemony: Cooperat…
Mearsheimer "The False Promise of International Institutions"
19 terms
Arguments
Das beweist, dass...
Das ist der Grund warum...
Es betrifft...
Es freut mich, dass...
That proves that...
That is the reason why...
It concerns...
I am pleased that...
Das beweist, dass...
That proves that...
Das ist der Grund warum...
That is the reason why...
8 terms
Arguments
Davis' Argument for Legalism
Solomon's Argument for the Basic Busin…
Argument from Psychological Egoism (fo…
First Formulation of Kant's Categorica…
1. Truly following the rules entails interpretive obedience.…
1. Business is impossible without mutual agreement.... 2. Ongoin…
1. If individuals cannot be altruistically motivate, then the…
an act is morally permissible if its maxim is universalizable
Davis' Argument for Legalism
1. Truly following the rules entails interpretive obedience.…
Solomon's Argument for the Basic Busin…
1. Business is impossible without mutual agreement.... 2. Ongoin…
19 terms
arguments
That's right
I agree
Of course
It depends on your point of view.
Eso es.
Estoy de acuerdo
Por supuesto.
Depende de tu punto de vista
That's right
Eso es.
I agree
Estoy de acuerdo
9 terms
Arguments
La discusión
El conflicto
La reacción
Discutir
Discussion; argument
Conflict
Reaction
To discuss; to argue
La discusión
Discussion; argument
El conflicto
Conflict
9 terms
Arguments
Claim
Evidence
Counterclaim
Policy
An assertion, usually supported by evidence
Proof
a claim made to rebut a previous claim.
Argue aginst
Claim
An assertion, usually supported by evidence
Evidence
Proof
45 terms
Arguments
Logos (appeal)
(appeal) 90% of children who grow up e…
Pathos (appeal)
(appeal) A speech that Donald Trump ga…
facts, statistics, and logic of audience
Logos
emotions of audience
Pathos
Logos (appeal)
facts, statistics, and logic of audience
(appeal) 90% of children who grow up e…
Logos
14 terms
arguments...
Hume on Induction
Argument for counter-induction
Thought experiments
Arguments against somatic views [know…
Hume's Dilemma Arg. for why the PUN is unjustified... -If Princ…
-Principle of Nonuniformity of Nature, future will not resemb…
(how they work in general)
-Descartes's conceivability argument - if I can clearly and d…
Hume on Induction
Hume's Dilemma Arg. for why the PUN is unjustified... -If Princ…
Argument for counter-induction
-Principle of Nonuniformity of Nature, future will not resemb…
10 terms
Arguments
Post Hoc
Straw Man
Ad Hominem
Tu Quoque
(Therefore) Because two incidents happen in succession, they…
When you mistake the position of the opposite side so that it…
This form of argument makes no attack on the position of the…
(You also) The argument that if it is common practice, it is…
Post Hoc
(Therefore) Because two incidents happen in succession, they…
Straw Man
When you mistake the position of the opposite side so that it…
15 terms
Arguments
argument
premise
conclusion
Valid
a conclusion together with the premises that support it
reason offered at support for another claim
claim that is supported by a premise
an argument whose premises genuinely support its conclusion
argument
a conclusion together with the premises that support it
premise
reason offered at support for another claim
12 terms
Arguments
Three Types of Claims
Evidence
Reasoning
Two types of relevant evidence
1) Claims of FACT... 2) Claims of VALUE... 3) Claims of POLICY
to support claim
tie evidence to claim
Rationally Relevant (ethos + logos)... Motivationally Relevant (…
Three Types of Claims
1) Claims of FACT... 2) Claims of VALUE... 3) Claims of POLICY
Evidence
to support claim
8 terms
Arguments
Rogerian argument
Claim
Claim of Fact
Claim of Value
Based on the assumption that having a full understanding of a…
An assertion or proposition stating the argument's main idea;…
Assert whether or not something is true; approach facts with…
Argues whether something is good or bad
Rogerian argument
Based on the assumption that having a full understanding of a…
Claim
An assertion or proposition stating the argument's main idea;…
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