Study sets matching "arguments"

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Study sets matching "arguments"

28 terms
Arguments
Ad Hominem Abusive
Ad Hominem Circumstantial
Tu Queque
Genetic Fallacy
Arguments that attempt to avoid the issue by insulting an opp…
Arguments that try to discredit an opponent because of his ba…
Arguments that assume that a rival's recommendation should be…
Arguments that state that an idea
Ad Hominem Abusive
Arguments that attempt to avoid the issue by insulting an opp…
Ad Hominem Circumstantial
Arguments that try to discredit an opponent because of his ba…
6 terms
Arguments
Assumption Questions
Assumption Questions
To solve Assumption Questions
To solve the Assumption Questions
Identify an Assumption made by the Conclusion - Bridge the Gap
Require you to identify differences between the wording of th…
1. Identify argument's Conclusion and Premises ... 2. Identify N…
Once found out that question is asking for you to identify As…
Assumption Questions
Identify an Assumption made by the Conclusion - Bridge the Gap
Assumption Questions
Require you to identify differences between the wording of th…
21 terms
Arguments
Arguments : Typical Wrong Answers
Arguments : Words of Quantity... ALL/EAC…
Arguments : Words of Quantity... MOST
Arguments : Words of Quantity... MANY
1. Introduces new information ... 2. Restate a premise... 3. Inaccu…
100%
More than 50%, less than 100%
More than one, less than 100%
Arguments : Typical Wrong Answers
1. Introduces new information ... 2. Restate a premise... 3. Inaccu…
Arguments : Words of Quantity... ALL/EAC…
100%
8 terms
Arguments
他们不喜欢我的朋友
我不做作业
我不做家务
我不帮助爸爸妈妈
they don't like my friends (tāmen bù xihuān wǒde péngyou)
I don't do my homework (wǒ bù zuò zuòyè)
I don't do housework (wǒ bù zuò jiāwù)
I don't help my parents (wǒ bù bāngzhu bàba mama)
他们不喜欢我的朋友
they don't like my friends (tāmen bù xihuān wǒde péngyou)
我不做作业
I don't do my homework (wǒ bù zuò zuòyè)
8 terms
Arguments
It's easier said than done
To be in the wrong
To keep things under control
To lose your temper
Es más fácil decirlo que hacerlo
Estar equivocado
Controlarse
Perder los nervios, enfurecerse
It's easier said than done
Es más fácil decirlo que hacerlo
To be in the wrong
Estar equivocado
Arguments
Evaluative
Begging the question
Fallacies
Example
makes judgments about the quality of something; usually limit…
assumes a debatable part of the argument is already agreed upon
error in arguments, intentional or accidental most evade the…
gives argument more credibility, they can be real or hypothet…
Evaluative
makes judgments about the quality of something; usually limit…
Begging the question
assumes a debatable part of the argument is already agreed upon
Arguments
Fact
Opinion
Debatable Claim
Evidence
Information that is certain and can be proven
A judgement formed about something, not necessarily based on…
an opinion that is a matter of personal experience and values…
personal experience, confirmed facts, reasons, expert researc…
Fact
Information that is certain and can be proven
Opinion
A judgement formed about something, not necessarily based on…
ARGUMENTS
back up
launch
blame sb
swear words
support
start
think that sb is guilty
bad language
back up
support
launch
start
18 terms
Arguments
das beweist, dass ...
das ist der Grund warum ...
es betrifft ...
es freut mich, dass ...
that proves that ...
that is the reason why ...
it concerns ...
I am pleased that ...
das beweist, dass ...
that proves that ...
das ist der Grund warum ...
that is the reason why ...
Arguments
Argumentative Essay
Opinion
Thesis statement
Facts
an essay that tries to prove a point by supporting it with ev…
A personal view, attitude, or appraisal.
a statement or sentence that states the purpose of a paper or…
data
Argumentative Essay
an essay that tries to prove a point by supporting it with ev…
Opinion
A personal view, attitude, or appraisal.
12 terms
Arguments
Argument
Claim
Evidence
Reasoning
Opposing views
No evidence for his or her typical answer
A belief that is true or valid
The action of thinking about something logical
Argument
Opposing views
Claim
No evidence for his or her typical answer
Arguments
supporting arguments
logical connectives
premise
beg the question
arguments for important premises that the author uses in maki…
words or phrases signposting the connections between differen…
a statement or idea that is accepted as being true and that i…
the author's argument assume the conclusion it is attempting…
supporting arguments
arguments for important premises that the author uses in maki…
logical connectives
words or phrases signposting the connections between differen…
Arguments
Claim
Evidence
Reason
Counter claim
Give position for or argainst something.
Proof supports claim.
Explain evidence.
What some one who disagrees would say.
Claim
Give position for or argainst something.
Evidence
Proof supports claim.
arguments
claim
evidence
reason
counter claim
gives position for or against something
proof, support claim.
explain evidence
what someone who disagrees would say
claim
gives position for or against something
evidence
proof, support claim.
16 terms
Arguments
Invitational Argument
Rogerian Argument
Argument to Inform
Argument to Convince
Meant to encourage others to come together to explore mutuall…
An approach to argumentation based on the principle that audi…
Provides the audience with information.
Leads audience to agree that a claim is true.
Invitational Argument
Meant to encourage others to come together to explore mutuall…
Rogerian Argument
An approach to argumentation based on the principle that audi…
Arguments
rhetoric
rhetorical device
appeal
ethos
The art of speaking/writing persuasively. Accomplished throug…
A technique employed by a speaker/writer to elicit an intende…
A request. In arguments, a speaker/writer makes appeals to th…
An appeal to the audience's sense of right and wrong, or, an…
rhetoric
The art of speaking/writing persuasively. Accomplished throug…
rhetorical device
A technique employed by a speaker/writer to elicit an intende…
12 terms
Arguments
claim
thesis statement
support
oppose
statement of position... thesis
presents the topic and main idea... usually lists 3 points
to back... to favor... to share the same opinion
to be against... do not favor... do not support
claim
statement of position... thesis
thesis statement
presents the topic and main idea... usually lists 3 points
Arguments
Modus Ponens
Modus Tollens
Hypothetical Syllogism
Disjunctive Syllogism
If p, then q. P is true. Therefore, q.
If p, then q. Not q (q is not true). Therefore, not p.
If p, then q. If q, then r. Therefore, if p, then r.
Either p or q. Not p (p is not true). Therefore, q.
Modus Ponens
If p, then q. P is true. Therefore, q.
Modus Tollens
If p, then q. Not q (q is not true). Therefore, not p.
9 terms
arguments
valid argument
invalid argument
sound argument
unsound argument
An argument with a conclusion thats true to the premises
An argument thats conclusion isn't true to the premises
An valid argument with true premises
An valid argument with false premises
valid argument
An argument with a conclusion thats true to the premises
invalid argument
An argument thats conclusion isn't true to the premises
13 terms
Arguments
Argument
Claim
Counterclaim
Ethos
writing that expresses a position on an issue or problem
writer's position on an issue or problem
arguments made to oppose (counter)
credibilty
Argument
writing that expresses a position on an issue or problem
Claim
writer's position on an issue or problem
10 terms
Arguments
Argument
Inductive Argument
Deductive Argument
Valid Argument
A connected series of statements to establish a definite prop…
An argument that moves from specific observations to general…
An argument that uses accepted general principles to explain…
A deductive argument if the conclusion must follow from the h…
Argument
A connected series of statements to establish a definite prop…
Inductive Argument
An argument that moves from specific observations to general…
Arguments
Argument
Claim
Counterclaim
Ethos
Writing that expresses a position on an issue or problem and…
Writer's position on an issue or problem
Arguments made to oppose the opposing view points
Credibility
Argument
Writing that expresses a position on an issue or problem and…
Claim
Writer's position on an issue or problem
21 terms
Argument
fallacy
Aristotle
logos
pathos
an error in reasoning
delineated the three appeals that rule arguments
an appeal to logic
an appeal to emotions
fallacy
an error in reasoning
Aristotle
delineated the three appeals that rule arguments
6 terms
arguments
values
belief
research
honest
Werte
Glaube
Forschung
ehrlich
values
Werte
belief
Glaube
6 terms
Arguments
Law of Detachment (Valid)
Law of transitivity (Valid)
Law of Indirect Reasoning (Valid)
Inverse Error
p→q ... p... ∴q
p→q... q→r... ∴p→r
p→q... ∼q... ∴∼p
p→q... ∼p... ∴∼q
Law of Detachment (Valid)
p→q ... p... ∴q
Law of transitivity (Valid)
p→q... q→r... ∴p→r
Arguments
Many people claim that TV is not good…
The government states that education i…
It's evident that physical exercise....
It might be true that money can't buy…
but I think that TV is a good way of relaxing.
therefor they put money into it.
... has a good psychological effect too.
but maybe money can buy time that you can spend on something…
Many people claim that TV is not good…
but I think that TV is a good way of relaxing.
The government states that education i…
therefor they put money into it.
19 terms
Arguments
To start with
First of all
In the first place
moreover
Zaczynając od
Przede wszystkim
Po pierwsze
ponadto
To start with
Zaczynając od
First of all
Przede wszystkim
30 terms
Arguments
Moreover
however
On the one hand
On the other hand,
sőt, mi több
azonban
Egyrészt...
Másrészt azonban...
Moreover
sőt, mi több
however
azonban
31 terms
Arguments
In favor of
advantages
benefits
pros
en favor de
ventajas
beneficios
benefits
In favor of
en favor de
advantages
ventajas
10 terms
Arguments
to convince
to inform
to persuade
to make decisions
lead audience to accept a claim as true or reasonable
fact-based presentation
change people's minds to act on knowledge
make a choice between two or more options
to convince
lead audience to accept a claim as true or reasonable
to inform
fact-based presentation
Arguments
Attention getter
Claim
Thesis
Counterclaim
Opening sentence of essay
Authors position
Main point of essay
Possible objections or opposing views to your claim
Attention getter
Opening sentence of essay
Claim
Authors position
5 terms
Arguments
Argument for Arguments
Modus Ponens
Modus Tollens
Replaced Brain
1. In the past, people have held very wrong beliefs about ver…
1. If P, then Q... 2. P... C: Q
1. If P, then Q... 2. Not Q... 3. Not P
1. Imagine someone has strapped you into a machine with 1000…
Argument for Arguments
1. In the past, people have held very wrong beliefs about ver…
Modus Ponens
1. If P, then Q... 2. P... C: Q
10 terms
Arguments
Post Hoc
Straw Man
Ad Hominem
Tu Quoque
(Therefore) Because two incidents happen in succession, they…
When you mistake the position of the opposite side so that it…
This form of argument makes no attack on the position of the…
(You also) The argument that if it is common practice, it is…
Post Hoc
(Therefore) Because two incidents happen in succession, they…
Straw Man
When you mistake the position of the opposite side so that it…
Arguments
Attention Getter
Claim
Thesis
Counterclaim
The opening sentence of your essay. The attention getter lite…
An author's position on an issue. This is what side you are o…
The main point of your essay. In an Argumentative Essay, this…
Possible objections or opposing views to your claim. Possible…
Attention Getter
The opening sentence of your essay. The attention getter lite…
Claim
An author's position on an issue. This is what side you are o…
Arguments
Ethos
Pathos
Logos
Claim
Appeals to our trust. Often uses a famous or familiar face. E…
Appeals to our emotions. Ex: ASPCA ads
Appeals to our logic or reason. Ex: 84% of people want laws b…
A single statement that declares your position on a topic. It…
Ethos
Appeals to our trust. Often uses a famous or familiar face. E…
Pathos
Appeals to our emotions. Ex: ASPCA ads
Arguments
To inform
To convince
to persuade
to explore
to teach the audience something they don't already know
to win over opponents, merits attention
move audience enough to provoke action
may address serious problems
To inform
to teach the audience something they don't already know
To convince
to win over opponents, merits attention
Arguments
Arguments to Inform
Arguments to Convince
Arguments persuade
Arguments to explore
to teach the audience something they don't already know
to win over opponents, merits attention
move audience enough to provoke action
may address a serious problem, leads the audience to explore
Arguments to Inform
to teach the audience something they don't already know
Arguments to Convince
to win over opponents, merits attention
Arguments
Argument from explanation
Argument that Miracles are impossible
Teleological argument
Fine Tuning argument
(1) I've had an experience that seemed to be of God ... (2) Such…
1) If Miracles are possible, then violations of the laws of n…
(1) There is apparent design in the world... (2) The apparent de…
(1) A universe that is fine tuned is not surprising under the…
Argument from explanation
(1) I've had an experience that seemed to be of God ... (2) Such…
Argument that Miracles are impossible
1) If Miracles are possible, then violations of the laws of n…
Arguments
Invitational Argument
Rogerian Argument
Argument to Inform
Argument to Convince
Meant to encourage others to come together to explore mutuall…
An approach to argumentation based on the principle that audi…
Provides the audience with information.
Leads audience to agree that a claim is true.
Invitational Argument
Meant to encourage others to come together to explore mutuall…
Rogerian Argument
An approach to argumentation based on the principle that audi…
36 terms
Arguments
Assumption Sufficient
Assumption Sufficient
Assumption Necessary
Assumption Necessary
ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…
Conclusion will follow logically if AC is true, Conclusion wi…
ACs will provide information that is "needed" for the assumpt…
Assumption required, assumption on which the argument depends…
Assumption Sufficient
ACs will prove the assumption to be true thereby proving the…
Assumption Sufficient
Conclusion will follow logically if AC is true, Conclusion wi…
20 terms
Arguments
Modus ponens
Modus tollens
Hypothetical syllogism
Disjunctive syllogism
If p then q.... p.... Therefore, q.
If p then q.... Not q.... Therefore, not p.
If p then q.... If q then r.... Therefore, if p then r.
P or q.... Not p.... Therefore, q.
Modus ponens
If p then q.... p.... Therefore, q.
Modus tollens
If p then q.... Not q.... Therefore, not p.
Arguments
Validity
Sound-ness
Modus Ponens (MP)
Conjunction (Conj)
Argument A is valid if and only if it is logically impossible…
Argument A is sound if and only if A is valid and all of A's…
if P, then Q ... P... Therefore, Q
P... Q... Therefore P and Q
Validity
Argument A is valid if and only if it is logically impossible…
Sound-ness
Argument A is sound if and only if A is valid and all of A's…
20 terms
Arguments
Modus Ponens
Modus Tollens
Hypothetical Syllogism
Disjunctive Syllogism
If p then q... p.... Therefore, q
If p then q... Not-q... Therefore, not p
If p then q... If q then r... Therefore, if p then r
p or q... Not- p... Therefore, q
Modus Ponens
If p then q... p.... Therefore, q
Modus Tollens
If p then q... Not-q... Therefore, not p
Arguments
Conjunction
Disjunction (or, unless)
Conditional
Conjunction (and, but, however) symbol
p and q
P or q
P then q... P only if q
• or ^
Conjunction
p and q
Disjunction (or, unless)
P or q
Arguments
modus ponens
modus tollens
disjunctive syllogism
hypothetical syllogism
if p, then q... p... therefore q
if p, then q... not q ... therefore not p
either p or q ... not p ... therefore q
if p then q... if q then r... therefore if p then r
modus ponens
if p, then q... p... therefore q
modus tollens
if p, then q... not q ... therefore not p
5 terms
Arguments
Ein Gegenargument wäre
Ein Beweis dafür wäre
Dafür spricht auch
Man muss auch...in Betracht ziehen
one counter argument would be
one piece of evidence for this would be
A point in it's favour is also
you also have to consider
Ein Gegenargument wäre
one counter argument would be
Ein Beweis dafür wäre
one piece of evidence for this would be
10 terms
Arguments
premises
premises
inference
conclusion
propositions whose truth is assumed by someone making an argu…
can be either true or false
the process of drawing a conclusion form a set of premises, e…
proposition whose truth is implied by the premises
premises
propositions whose truth is assumed by someone making an argu…
premises
can be either true or false
40 terms
Arguments
Cogency
Inductive strength
Appeal to authority
Analogical Induction
The inductive argument is strong and the premises are all true.
If a premise is true then the conclusion will be probably true.
We often try to support our views by citing experts
Due to similarities between things.
Cogency
The inductive argument is strong and the premises are all true.
Inductive strength
If a premise is true then the conclusion will be probably true.
28 terms
Arguments
Aristotle
Socrates
Cicero
Disposition (a)
Rhetoric favors moral and just arguments... Created ethos, patho…
Distinction between knowledge and belief ... Rhetoric art of per…
Exordium brings mind of reader ready for speech ... Goodwill fro…
Hearer favors at once
Aristotle
Rhetoric favors moral and just arguments... Created ethos, patho…
Socrates
Distinction between knowledge and belief ... Rhetoric art of per…
Arguments
argument
claim
conclusion
premises
list of claims each of which have a logical relationship to t…
something that an author says is true
final claim that is supported by premises
supporting claims
argument
list of claims each of which have a logical relationship to t…
claim
something that an author says is true
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