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Study sets matching "art terms chapter 2 ancient near"

36 terms
Ancient near eastern art - chapter 2
Peroz I or Kavad I hunting rams
Babylonian deed of sale, 1750BCE
Mud brick kasbah at Aït Ben Haddou
Mud Bricks at Ait Ben Haddou, Morocco
Peroz I or Kavad I hunting rams
Babylonian deed of sale, 1750BCE
14 terms
Chapter 2 - Ancient Near Eastern Art
Tell Asmar Statues, c. 2700 B.C.E., li…
Standard of Ur, c. 2600 B.C.E., panel…
Soundbox of a Lyre, c. 2600 B.C.E., wo…
Ziggurat, c. 2100 B.C.E., Ur, Iraq, Su…
Tell Asmar Statues, c. 2700 B.C.E., li…
Standard of Ur, c. 2600 B.C.E., panel…
22 terms
Chapter 2 Ancient Near Eastern Art
Time Period
Key Ideas
Sumerian Art*
Tell Asmar Statutes
SHABHAP
1. negative space hollowed... 2. Sumerian Figure: ... Man: bare u…
1. Hierarchy of Scale... 2. Hands folded in gesture of prayer,…
Time Period
SHABHAP
Key Ideas
17 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East (Terms)
Mesopotamia
Context Mesopotamia
Context Assyrians
Context Persians
Sumerian... Akkadian... Babylonian... Assyrian... Persian
- Constantly undergoing changes, trying to adapt and invent... -…
(1400-600 BCE)... - Controlled much of Mesopotamia... - Violent... - F…
- 6th c. BCE began to take over Mesopotamia and beyond... - Cyru…
Mesopotamia
Sumerian... Akkadian... Babylonian... Assyrian... Persian
Context Mesopotamia
- Constantly undergoing changes, trying to adapt and invent... -…
22 terms
Chapter 2 Art of the Ancient Near East
Nanna Ziggurat
Cylinder Seal and Its Modern Impression
Votive Figures
Stele of Naram-Sin
Sumerian Art... ziggurat temple... Mud-Brick... 2100-2050 BCE ... Ur (Ira…
Sumerian Art... cylinder seal... hard stone... 2600-2500... found on arm…
Sumerian Art... statues... Limestone, alabaster and gypsum... 2900-260…
Akkadian Art... Limestone stele... 2254-2218 BCE... Iraq... hieratic scal…
Nanna Ziggurat
Sumerian Art... ziggurat temple... Mud-Brick... 2100-2050 BCE ... Ur (Ira…
Cylinder Seal and Its Modern Impression
Sumerian Art... cylinder seal... hard stone... 2600-2500... found on arm…
4 terms
Chapter 2: Ancient Near Eastern Art
Royal Standard of Ur
Head of an Akkadian Ruler
Gate of the Citadel of Sargon II
Ishtar Gate
Date: 26-24000 BCE... Medium: Wood inlaid with shell, limestone,…
Date: 2250-2200 BCE... Medium: Copper... Location: From Iraq; Curre…
Date: 742-706 BCE... Medium: Gypseous alabaster ... Location: Khors…
Date: 575 BCE... Medium: Glazed brick... Location: Berlin Museum
Royal Standard of Ur
Date: 26-24000 BCE... Medium: Wood inlaid with shell, limestone,…
Head of an Akkadian Ruler
Date: 2250-2200 BCE... Medium: Copper... Location: From Iraq; Curre…
19 terms
Chapter 2: Ancient Near Eastern Art
Fertile Crescent
cuneiform
stylus
ziggurats
alluvial plains between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers calle…
an early frm of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed int…
an instrument with a pointed end (used for writing and printm…
in ancient Mesopotamia, a tall stepped tower of earthen mater…
Fertile Crescent
alluvial plains between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers calle…
cuneiform
an early frm of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed int…
12 terms
Chapter 2 (Major Works of Art)- Art of the Ancient Near East
Human-Headed Winged Lion (Lamassu)
Human Figure
The Warka Head
The Uruk Vase
From Palace of Assurnasirpal II, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Kalhu,…
Ain Ghazal, Jordan, c. 7000-6000 BCE, Fired lime plaster with…
Uruk, c. 3300-3000 BCE, Marble
Uruk, c. 3300-3000 BCE, Alabaster.
Human-Headed Winged Lion (Lamassu)
From Palace of Assurnasirpal II, Mesopotamia, Assyria, Kalhu,…
Human Figure
Ain Ghazal, Jordan, c. 7000-6000 BCE, Fired lime plaster with…
13 terms
Chapter 2: Ancient Near Eastern Art
time period
What were Sumerians known for?
Sumerian pictographs developed into
White temple and ziggurat... Uruk (modern…
3,500 BC - 641 AD
developing the first writing system
cuneiform symbols (2600 BC)
time period
3,500 BC - 641 AD
What were Sumerians known for?
developing the first writing system
26 terms
Chapter 2: Art of Ancient Near East
mesopotamia
white temple and ziggurat (Grand Platf…
Warka head (Uruk)
warka vase (uruk)
land between 2 rivers (tigris and Euphrates), area known as t…
section through the central hall of the white temple, digital…
face of a woman, inanna, marble
presentation of offerings of Inanna, alabaster, broken down i…
mesopotamia
land between 2 rivers (tigris and Euphrates), area known as t…
white temple and ziggurat (Grand Platf…
section through the central hall of the white temple, digital…
25 terms
Art History Chapter 2: Ancient Near Eastern
Tell Asmar Statues
The Standard of Ur
Lyre
Ziggurat of Ur
[Sumerian] (2700 BCE)... • Figures are of different heights, den…
[Sumerian] (2600 BCE) ... • Two sides: war side, and peace side;…
[Sumerian] (2600 BCE)... • Lyre has a bull's heard... • Four panels…
[Sumerian] (2100 BCE)... • Mud-brick building on colossal scale…
Tell Asmar Statues
[Sumerian] (2700 BCE)... • Figures are of different heights, den…
The Standard of Ur
[Sumerian] (2600 BCE) ... • Two sides: war side, and peace side;…
90 terms
Chapter 2: Ancient Near Eastern Art
Sumerian Period
Akkadian Period
Neo-Sumerian and Babylonian(Old) Period
Hittite and Assyrian Period
3500-2332 BCE... -world's 1st city states... -oldest temples and zi…
2332-2150 BCE... -1st Mesopotamian rulers as Kings... -earliest pre…
2150-1600 BCE... -largest ziggurats erected at Ur... -Gudea rebuild…
1600-612 BCE... -Hittites sack Babylon and fortify capital at Ha…
Sumerian Period
3500-2332 BCE... -world's 1st city states... -oldest temples and zi…
Akkadian Period
2332-2150 BCE... -1st Mesopotamian rulers as Kings... -earliest pre…
12 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East
The Law Code of Hammurabi
hieratic scale
registers
stele
-earliest system of law... -Babylon... -written by Hammurabi... -on th…
An artistic technique in which the importance of figures is i…
A device used in systems of spatial definition, a register in…
An upright stone slab articulated with inscription or reliefs…
The Law Code of Hammurabi
-earliest system of law... -Babylon... -written by Hammurabi... -on th…
hieratic scale
An artistic technique in which the importance of figures is i…
65 terms
Chapter 2 - Ancient Near East Art
temple
fertile crescent
stylized
stele
a place dedicated to the service or worship of a diety or die…
a region of the MIddle East arching across the norther part o…
to design in or cause to conform to a particular style, as of…
a carved stone slab used to mark gravevs or to commemorate hi…
temple
a place dedicated to the service or worship of a diety or die…
fertile crescent
a region of the MIddle East arching across the norther part o…
20 terms
Chapter 2 Art of the Ancient Near East
White Temple and ziggurat, Uruk, Iraq,…
(2-4) Female head (Inanna?) from... Uruk,…
Statuettes of worshippers from Tell Is…
Standard of Ur, c. 2600 BCE, wood inla…
White Temple and ziggurat, Uruk, Iraq,…
(2-4) Female head (Inanna?) from... Uruk,…
18 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East
Stele of Naram-Sin... Susa (present day S…
Anu (sky god) Ziggurat and White Templ…
Head of a Woman... Uruk (present-day Wark…
Carved Vessel from Uruk (present-day W…
Stele of Naram-Sin... Susa (present day S…
Anu (sky god) Ziggurat and White Templ…
45 terms
Ancient Near East (Mesopotamia) Art - Chapter 2
1. Fertile crescent - ideal climatic a…
SUMERIANS (3500-2340 BCE) - URUK... AKKA…
Invention of cuneiform writing (3100 B…
Mesopotamia -Key Developments
TIMELINE
SUMERIANS (3500-2340 BCE)
1. Fertile crescent - ideal climatic a…
Mesopotamia -Key Developments
SUMERIANS (3500-2340 BCE) - URUK... AKKA…
TIMELINE
13 terms
Art History Chapter 2 Ancient Near east
Prehistoric
Proto-literate
White Temple and Ziggurat
Cylinder Seal and Cylinder Seal Impres…
Decorated Beaker from Susa ... 4,000-4600 BCE. (4th millennium…
Protoliterate was the very first period in the Mesopotamian c…
Uruk/Warka ... Ruins and Plan of the Anu Ziggurat and White Temp…
Cylinder Seal impression [with offering figures, etc] ... Cyclin…
Prehistoric
Decorated Beaker from Susa ... 4,000-4600 BCE. (4th millennium…
Proto-literate
Protoliterate was the very first period in the Mesopotamian c…
31 terms
Chapter 2 Ancient Near East Art/Mesopotamian
Sumer
Cuneiform Tablet
Cylinder Seals
Ziggurat
dominant (many cities)... developed:... Cuneiform Tablet... Cylinder S…
developed by Sumer... -written code ... -uses stylus... For: ... record k…
developed by Sumers ... used as stamps, as signatures
massive pyramidal stepped tower made of mudbricks. It is asso…
Sumer
dominant (many cities)... developed:... Cuneiform Tablet... Cylinder S…
Cuneiform Tablet
developed by Sumer... -written code ... -uses stylus... For: ... record k…
8 terms
Chapter 2, Ancient Near Eastern Art and Architecture
Carved Vessel with Offerings for the... G…
Votive Statuettes, from Tell Asmar
Votive Figure, Tell Asmar
Head of a Man ("Akkadian Ruler")... Nine…
c. 3200 BCE... Sumerian... Alabaster
2,900-2,600 BCE... Sumerian... Gypsum inlaid with shell and black…
c. 2,700 BCE... Sumerian... Alabaster, shell, black limestone... Voti…
c. 2300-2200 BCE... Akkadian... Hollow cast bronze
Carved Vessel with Offerings for the... G…
c. 3200 BCE... Sumerian... Alabaster
Votive Statuettes, from Tell Asmar
2,900-2,600 BCE... Sumerian... Gypsum inlaid with shell and black…
91 terms
Chapter 2: Ancient Art of the Near East
Near East
Fertile Crescent
9,000 BCE
Ziggurat
_____ is the area known as the Fertile Crescent and Mesopotam…
The _____ runs through modern day Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Sy…
Neolithic civilization began in the Fertile Crescent circa __…
A _____ is a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted…
Near East
_____ is the area known as the Fertile Crescent and Mesopotam…
Fertile Crescent
The _____ runs through modern day Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Sy…
33 terms
Chapter 2: The Art of the Ancient Near East
White Temple and ziggurat; Sumerian
Reconstruction drawing of the White Te…
Female head (Inanna); Sumerian
Presentation of offerings to Inanna (W…
White Temple and ziggurat; Sumerian
Reconstruction drawing of the White Te…
10 terms
Chapter 2 Art of the Ancient Near East
stele
lost-wax casting
hieratic scale
registers
a stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscription…
a method of casting metal, such as bronze. a wax mold is cove…
the use of different size for significant or holy figures and…
a vertical level in a work that consists of several levels, e…
stele
a stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscription…
lost-wax casting
a method of casting metal, such as bronze. a wax mold is cove…
48 terms
Chapter 2 art of the ancient near east
Stele
hieratic scale
The fertile Crescent
Mesopotamians began to invent?
A slab of upright stone
a scale that depicts who is more important, relative size ind…
where people domesticated grains before farming communities a…
irrigation systems because they wanted to live in these ferti…
Stele
A slab of upright stone
hieratic scale
a scale that depicts who is more important, relative size ind…
7 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East
Title: White Temple and Ziggurat... Arti…
Title: Sumerian Votive Figures... Artist…
Title: Standard of Ur from Royal Tomb…
Title: Stele of Hammurabi... Artist: Bab…
Title: White Temple and Ziggurat... Arti…
Title: Sumerian Votive Figures... Artist…
12 terms
The Art of the Ancient Near East - Chapter 2
Mesopotamians... modern day iraq, syria,…
Title: White Temple and Ziggurat... Arti…
Title: Sumerian Votive Figures... Artist…
Title: The Standard of Ur... Artist: Sum…
Geography
Mesopotamians... modern day iraq, syria,…
Geography
Title: White Temple and Ziggurat... Arti…
19 terms
Chapter 2- Art of the Ancient Near East
Stele
Hierarchic scale
cuneiform
ziggurats
an upright stone slab
where relative size indicates relative importance
pressed symbols into clay tablets
huge stepped structures with a temple or shrine on top
Stele
an upright stone slab
Hierarchic scale
where relative size indicates relative importance
24 terms
Chapter 2. Ancient Near Eastern Art
Sumerian Art
White Temple... 3000 BCE... stone, brick
Statues Abu Temple... Tell Asmar... 2700 BCE…
finds from the royal cemetery at Ur... 26…
3500-2350 BCE
Sumerian Art
3500-2350 BCE
White Temple... 3000 BCE... stone, brick
15 terms
Chapter 2: The Art of the Ancient Near East
Near East/Middle East
Assyrians
Stele
Persians
all of the civilizations in the Fertile Crescent needed acces…
violent people who controlled most of Mesopotamia from 1,400-…
an upright stone slab
began to take over Mesopotamia and beyond, using umbrella gov…
Near East/Middle East
all of the civilizations in the Fertile Crescent needed acces…
Assyrians
violent people who controlled most of Mesopotamia from 1,400-…
26 terms
The Art of the Ancient Near East (Chapter 2) by tennislove
Geography
Economics
Religious/ intellectual thought
Politics
Located between the Tigris and Euphrates river; no gradual fl…
Farms- linked to Egyptian society by trade and conquest- esse…
Over 3000 for every part of nature- believed gods must be won…
lots of topographical diversity- early city-states. constant…
Geography
Located between the Tigris and Euphrates river; no gradual fl…
Economics
Farms- linked to Egyptian society by trade and conquest- esse…
16 terms
Chapter 2: Art of Ancient Near East
Reconstruction drawing of Ziggurat... 310…
Face of a Woman... 3500-3000... Sumerian
Carved Vase... 3500-3000... Sumerian
Votive statues from Square Temple... 2900…
Reconstruction drawing of Ziggurat... 310…
Face of a Woman... 3500-3000... Sumerian
34 terms
Chapter 2: Ancient Near Eastern Art (barrons)
Sumerian Art
Neo-Sumerian Art
Akkadian Art
Babylonian Art
c. 3500-2340 BCE, Iraq
2150-2000 BCE, Iraq
2340-2180 BCE, Iraq
1792-1750 BCE, Iraq
Sumerian Art
c. 3500-2340 BCE, Iraq
Neo-Sumerian Art
2150-2000 BCE, Iraq
16 terms
Chapter 2 Ancient Near Eastern Art
Apadana
Apotropaic
Capital
Cella
an audience hall in a Persian palace
having the power to ward off evil or bad luck
the top element of a column
the main room of a temple where the god is housed
Apadana
an audience hall in a Persian palace
Apotropaic
having the power to ward off evil or bad luck
12 terms
Chapter 2: Ancient Near Eastern Art
Apadana
Capital
Cylinder seal
Façade
an audience hall in a Persian palace
the top element of a column
a round piece of carved stone that when rolled onto clay prod…
the front of a building. Sometimes more poetically, a speaker…
Apadana
an audience hall in a Persian palace
Capital
the top element of a column
21 terms
Chapter 2 - Art of the Ancient Near East
Fertile Crescent (1/27)
Mesopotamia (1/27)
Near East (1/27)
Cuneiform (p. 28)
Fertile region in the near east used for domestication of ani…
"The land between the two rivers" (Tigris and Euphrates)... - To…
Modern Middle East... - Location where the start of civilization…
- Wedge-shaped Writing... - Primarily used for Mesopotamian lang…
Fertile Crescent (1/27)
Fertile region in the near east used for domestication of ani…
Mesopotamia (1/27)
"The land between the two rivers" (Tigris and Euphrates)... - To…
13 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East
Hieratic scale
Conventions
Law Code of Hammurabi
Registers
Relative size indcates relative importance
...
A seris of laws made by the king of Babylon who got the codes…
official list
Hieratic scale
Relative size indcates relative importance
Conventions
...
28 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East
Sumer (civilization & period dates):
Assyria (civilization & period):
Persia (civilization & period):
ziggurat
c. 3500 - 1750 BCE The people there are credited with importa…
c. 1000 - 612 BCE
c. 559 - 331 BCE In the sixth century, the people of this cou…
Huge stepped structures with a temple or shrine on top.
Sumer (civilization & period dates):
c. 3500 - 1750 BCE The people there are credited with importa…
Assyria (civilization & period):
c. 1000 - 612 BCE
21 terms
Chapter 2 - Art of the Ancient Near East
Artistic Convention
Cuneiform
Ground Line
Hierarchic Scale
A traditional way of representing forms.
An early form of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed in…
...
The use of differences in size to indicate relative importanc…
Artistic Convention
A traditional way of representing forms.
Cuneiform
An early form of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed in…
21 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East
**Fertile Crescent
**Cuneiform
**Stylus
**Ziggurats
-The Fertile Crescent was an area, also by the name of Mesopo…
-Cuneiform is considered the world's first form of written sc…
-Cuneiform writing used to be pressed into clay tablets with…
-Ziggurats are huge stepped structures with a temple or shrin…
**Fertile Crescent
-The Fertile Crescent was an area, also by the name of Mesopo…
**Cuneiform
-Cuneiform is considered the world's first form of written sc…
14 terms
Art History Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East
Victory stele of Naram-Sin, from Susa,…
Head of Woman
Carved Vessel
Statuettes of two worshipers from the…
2254-2218 BCE... Pink sandstone... 6' 7" high
3200-3000 BCE... Marble.... 8" high.... Sumerians imported the marble.…
3200-3000 BCE... Alabaster... 3' 1/4" hight... Oldest known example of…
2700 BCE... Gypsum, shell, and black limestone... man 2' 4.25" high…
Victory stele of Naram-Sin, from Susa,…
2254-2218 BCE... Pink sandstone... 6' 7" high
Head of Woman
3200-3000 BCE... Marble.... 8" high.... Sumerians imported the marble.…
16 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East
Stele
Hierarchic scale
Cuneiform
Stylus
a stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscription…
the use of differences in size to indicate relative importanc…
An early form of writing with wedge-shaped marks impressed in…
an instrument with a pointed end (used for writing and printm…
Stele
a stone slab placed vertically and decorated with inscription…
Hierarchic scale
the use of differences in size to indicate relative importanc…
31 terms
Art 102 : Chapter 2 Art of the Ancient Near East
Stele of Naram - Sin... Sippar - Susa 225…
Carved Vessel... Uruk - 3300-3000 BCE.... Ma…
Twelve Votive Figures... Square Temple -…
Disk of Enheduanna... Er - 2300 - 2275 BC…
***Registrar = Line on which people stand on
Stele of Naram - Sin... Sippar - Susa 225…
Carved Vessel... Uruk - 3300-3000 BCE.... Ma…
28 terms
Art History Chapter 2: The Ancient Near East
Apadana
Arcade
Blind Arcade
Burin
The great audience hall in ancient Persian palaces.
A series of arches supported by piers or columns
An arcade having no actual openings, applied as decoration to…
A pointed tool used for engraving or incising.
Apadana
The great audience hall in ancient Persian palaces.
Arcade
A series of arches supported by piers or columns
16 terms
Chapter 2 Ancient Near Eastern Art Vocabulary
apadana
apotrapaic
capital
cella
an audience hall in a Persian palace
having the power to ward off evil or bad luck
the top element of a column
the main room of a temple where the god is housed
apadana
an audience hall in a Persian palace
apotrapaic
having the power to ward off evil or bad luck
65 terms
Chapter 2 - Ancient Near East Art
temple
fertile crescent
stylized
stele
a place dedicated to the service or worship of a diety or die…
a region of the MIddle East arching across the norther part o…
to design in or cause to conform to a particular style, as of…
a carved stone slab used to mark gravevs or to commemorate hi…
temple
a place dedicated to the service or worship of a diety or die…
fertile crescent
a region of the MIddle East arching across the norther part o…
24 terms
Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient and Near East
Sumerians
The two most important Sumerian invent…
Sumerians wrote in
Akkadian
The first civilization of Mesopotamia... -Farmers, potters, weav…
Written language and the development of city-state
registers
Head of the Akkadian ruler; Nineveh, Iraq... The Stele of Naram-…
Sumerians
The first civilization of Mesopotamia... -Farmers, potters, weav…
The two most important Sumerian invent…
Written language and the development of city-state
24 terms
Chapter 2 - Art of the Ancient Near East
lamassu
Fertile Crescent
Mesopotamia
hierarchy
supernatural guardian - protector of Near Eastern places and…
crescent-shaped region containing the comparatively moist and…
"Between rivers" a name for the area of the Tigris-Euphrates…
A system or organization in which people or groups are ranked…
lamassu
supernatural guardian - protector of Near Eastern places and…
Fertile Crescent
crescent-shaped region containing the comparatively moist and…
11 terms
Ancient Near Eastern Art (Chapter 2)
White Temple
Eshnunna statuettes
Stele of Eannatum
Head of an Akkadian Ruler
Uruk, 3000 BCE. provided grandiose settings for worship of th…
Abu Temple, Eshnunna, Iraq, 2500 BCE. Represent mortals with…
Girsu, Iraq. 2460 BCE. Stele is a carved stone slab set to co…
Nineveh, Iraq. 2200 BCE. Portrays new concept of absolute mon…
White Temple
Uruk, 3000 BCE. provided grandiose settings for worship of th…
Eshnunna statuettes
Abu Temple, Eshnunna, Iraq, 2500 BCE. Represent mortals with…
20 terms
Art History, Ch 2 - The Ancient Near East
Assyrians
Rome
law code
warfare
The ________ ruled the northern Mesopotamian Empire during th…
In the third century CE, the Sasanians rose to power to chall…
Hammurabi is most famous for his ________.
What is the theme of the "Stele of the Vultures?"
Assyrians
The ________ ruled the northern Mesopotamian Empire during th…
Rome
In the third century CE, the Sasanians rose to power to chall…
10 terms
Chapter 2: Arts of Ancient Near East (Mesopotamia)
Gilgamesh
Cuniform
Cylinder Seals
Stela
-an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia; is often regarded as…
-Ancient writing system of Mesopotami... -wedge-shaped; a system…
-Small cylinders decorated with distinctive images. These wer…
-an upright stone slab/ column typically bearing a commemorat…
Gilgamesh
-an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia; is often regarded as…
Cuniform
-Ancient writing system of Mesopotami... -wedge-shaped; a system…
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