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Study sets matching "as ethics"

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Study sets matching "as ethics"

19 terms
AS Ethics - Situation Ethics
What is the first basic principle of S…
What is kind of ethical theory is Situ…
What is the quote about loving being r…
What is the name of Joseph Fletchers b…
There is nothing which is universally right or universally wr…
It is a relative, teleological ethical theory.
"Love relativises the absolute, it does not absolute the rela…
Situation Ethics: The New Morality, 1963
What is the first basic principle of S…
There is nothing which is universally right or universally wr…
What is kind of ethical theory is Situ…
It is a relative, teleological ethical theory.
105 terms
AS Ethics
Normative Ethics
Deontological
Teleological
Cultural Relativism
Asks - How should I act, morally speaking.
Acts are intrinsically wrong, not concerned with the conseque…
Concerned with the consequences of actions. An action is only…
Conclusion from the Diversity and Dependency Thesis that ther…
Normative Ethics
Asks - How should I act, morally speaking.
Deontological
Acts are intrinsically wrong, not concerned with the conseque…
81 terms
AS Ethics
Teleological
Subjective
A posteriori
Relativist
Related to purpose and end point
Your own opinion
A statement which is knowable after experience
Nothing can be objective right or wrong
Teleological
Related to purpose and end point
Subjective
Your own opinion
19 terms
AS ETHICS
Absolutist
Relativist
Subjective
Objective
A rule that is strue in all situations
A judgement that depends on circumstances
Judgements based on personal opinion
Judgements based on impartial absolute balue system
Absolutist
A rule that is strue in all situations
Relativist
A judgement that depends on circumstances
10 terms
Ethics AS - Religious Ethics
Natural Law
Situation Ethics
Euthyphro Dilemma
Divine Command Theory
The theory that an eteral, absolute, moral law can be discove…
The morally right thing to do is the most loving in the situa…
The dilemma first identified by Plato - is something good bec…
Actions are right or wrong depending on whether they follow G…
Natural Law
The theory that an eteral, absolute, moral law can be discove…
Situation Ethics
The morally right thing to do is the most loving in the situa…
55 terms
AS Ethics - Situation Ethics
Who developed Situation Ethics?
Dates for Joseph Fletcher
What is the first basic principle of S…
What is the second basic principle of…
Joseph Fletcher
1905-1991
There is nothing which is universally right or universally wr…
There is nothing which is intrinsically right to intrinsicall…
Who developed Situation Ethics?
Joseph Fletcher
Dates for Joseph Fletcher
1905-1991
31 terms
AS Ethics - Situation Ethics
Who developed Situation Ethics?
Dates for Joseph Fletcher
What is the first basic principle of S…
What is the second basic principle of…
Joseph Fletcher
1905-1991
There is nothing which is universally right or universally wr…
There is nothing which is intrinsically right to intrinsicall…
Who developed Situation Ethics?
Joseph Fletcher
Dates for Joseph Fletcher
1905-1991
6 terms
AS ETHICS
Moral objectivist
Moral subjectivist
Moral absolutist
Moral relativist
Moral truths independent of the mind
Morality is mind dependant /opinion
One action that can never be justified (Kant)
No action which couldn't be justified
Moral objectivist
Moral truths independent of the mind
Moral subjectivist
Morality is mind dependant /opinion
AS ethics
The hedonic calculus
Primary Precepts
Absolute theories
Relative theories
Happiness = pleasure- Pain... intensity, duration, certainty, r…
Worship God... Reproduce... Ordered Society ... Educate the young... Prot…
Kant... Natural law... Strong Rule Utilitarianism ... Divine command t…
Preference utilitarianism ... Act utilitarianism ... Weak rule util…
The hedonic calculus
Happiness = pleasure- Pain... intensity, duration, certainty, r…
Primary Precepts
Worship God... Reproduce... Ordered Society ... Educate the young... Prot…
29 terms
AS Ethics
Absolute
Morality
Ethics
Absolutism
certainty - Something is definitely right or wrong
Principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong…
Whether something is right or wrong, refers to the customary…
To maintain that some things are right and some are wrong, th…
Absolute
certainty - Something is definitely right or wrong
Morality
Principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong…
32 terms
AS Ethics key terms
Consequentialist
Teleological
Deontological
Relativist
Acts are judged on the effects of actions.
Actions are directed by end goals.
Actions should be guided by rules.
There are no universal moral norms or rules.
Consequentialist
Acts are judged on the effects of actions.
Teleological
Actions are directed by end goals.
14 terms
AS Ethics: Religious Ethics
Religious Ethical Theories
Biblical Ethics
The Golden Rule
Divine Command Theory
Based on religion and are used by different denominations as…
Not many Christians follow this too strictly but many of the…
'Do to others as you would have done to you.'
Based on the idea of God's omnipotence. He created a Divine L…
Religious Ethical Theories
Based on religion and are used by different denominations as…
Biblical Ethics
Not many Christians follow this too strictly but many of the…
11 terms
Ethics -Consumers as Stakeholders
Two assumptions of consumer rights
Marketing communications
Deceptive marketing
Ethical issues in marketing management
1) consumer dignity should be respected... 2) producers have a d…
- Inform consumers about goods and services ... - Persuade consu…
when a marketing communication either creates, or takes advan…
- Are intrusive and unavoidable ... - Create artificial wants ... -…
Two assumptions of consumer rights
1) consumer dignity should be respected... 2) producers have a d…
Marketing communications
- Inform consumers about goods and services ... - Persuade consu…
16 terms
Philosophy and Ethics As - Situational ethics
Fletcher's quote of a cab driver
The situationist has respect for laws…
Agape
Fletcher's best interest
"Sometimes you've gotta put your principles to one side and d…
However they are free to make the right choice according to t…
"Goodwill at work with reason" in seeking the "neighbour's be…
Is the same as singers utilitarianism. We act out of love for…
Fletcher's quote of a cab driver
"Sometimes you've gotta put your principles to one side and d…
The situationist has respect for laws…
However they are free to make the right choice according to t…
37 terms
Kantian ethics - AS level ethics
What period did Immanuel Kant live in?
What is a Deontological approach?
What is a Rationalist approach?
Where is Kant's theories written down…
The Gregorian period
Where the rightness or wrongness of an action is the action i…
You analyze the world by reason.
'grounding for the metaphysics of morals' + 'critique of prac…
What period did Immanuel Kant live in?
The Gregorian period
What is a Deontological approach?
Where the rightness or wrongness of an action is the action i…
14 terms
AS Religious Studies - Christian Ethics
Agape
Agapeism/ agapeistic
Church fathers
Denomination
(Greek) love (especially love that is spiritual and selfless…
The theory that morality is grounded in love toward others an…
Bishops, theologians, teachers, and scholars whose writings h…
A group of religious congregations having its own organizatio…
Agape
(Greek) love (especially love that is spiritual and selfless…
Agapeism/ agapeistic
The theory that morality is grounded in love toward others an…
16 terms
Ethics keywords OCR As.
Objective
Subjective
Absolute
Relative
Not influenced by personal feeling or opinions in considering…
Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes or opinio…
A value or principle regarded as universally valid and univer…
Nothing may be said to be objectively right or wrong; it depe…
Objective
Not influenced by personal feeling or opinions in considering…
Subjective
Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes or opinio…
23 terms
AS Religious Studies - Kantian Ethics
A priori knowledge
Analytic statement
Categorical Imperative
Competing duties
Derived from reason without reference to sense experience. Ex…
A statement which can be established as true or false by defi…
Kant's ethical system. The ultimate foundation of all moral l…
When more than one duty presents itself creating a moral dile…
A priori knowledge
Derived from reason without reference to sense experience. Ex…
Analytic statement
A statement which can be established as true or false by defi…
AS Ethics OCR
Who developed natural moral law
Who was Aquinas influenced by
What as aristotles final cause
what did Aristotle believe was the fin…
Aquinas
Aristolte
The ultimate purpose of an item
eudamonia
Who developed natural moral law
Aquinas
Who was Aquinas influenced by
Aristolte
20 terms
AS Ethics key scholars
Henry Sidgwick
David Hume
G.E. Moore
Ray Billington
It is not easy to distinguish between higher and lower pleasu…
We cannot derive what we 'ought' to do from what 'is' the case.
Goodness cannot be defined in terms of any natural property.
'Blood is thicker than water': utilitarianism doesn't recogni…
Henry Sidgwick
It is not easy to distinguish between higher and lower pleasu…
David Hume
We cannot derive what we 'ought' to do from what 'is' the case.
AS Philosophy and Ethics- situation ethics
what is situation ethics?
4 working presumptions
pragmatism
relativism
Via medium between legalism and antinomianism, developed by F…
pragmatism, relativism, positivism and personalism
must work in practice. interested in the practical applicatio…
words like 'always' 'never' and 'absolute' are rejected. ther…
what is situation ethics?
Via medium between legalism and antinomianism, developed by F…
4 working presumptions
pragmatism, relativism, positivism and personalism
23 terms
AS Religious Studies - Meta Ethics
Boo-Hurrah Theory
Cognitive
Emotivism
Empirical evidence
another name for Emotivism.
a statement that is subject to being either true or false. Ex…
the idea that meaning of ethical language is not knowable as…
information is gained using sensory data (i.e. what we see, s…
Boo-Hurrah Theory
another name for Emotivism.
Cognitive
a statement that is subject to being either true or false. Ex…
28 terms
AS Religious Studies - Situation Ethics
Pragmatism
Positivism
Personalism
Relativism
Should be a practical decision made for the particular circum…
Love is from God and that is the most important thing
People come before rules
Takes consequences into account
Pragmatism
Should be a practical decision made for the particular circum…
Positivism
Love is from God and that is the most important thing
23 terms
AS Ethics / Situation Ethics / Intro
What did the taxi driver that Fletcher…
What does legalistic mean?
Why is the use of legalistic rules wro…
Who are antinomians?
"Sometimes you've gotta put your principles to one side and d…
In terms of ethical theories, it is rules that mustn't be bro…
It is wrong as it makes rules more important than people and…
People who reject rules entirely.
What did the taxi driver that Fletcher…
"Sometimes you've gotta put your principles to one side and d…
What does legalistic mean?
In terms of ethical theories, it is rules that mustn't be bro…
Ethics AS glossary
Relativism
Absolutist
Deontological
Universalisation
A moral judgement that takes into account the circumstances i…
A moral judgement that relies on a fixed truth is absolute. A…
A theory that is based on actions, not consequences
Is your behaviour of a good enough standard that you'd want e…
Relativism
A moral judgement that takes into account the circumstances i…
Absolutist
A moral judgement that relies on a fixed truth is absolute. A…
8 terms
Ethics AS Keywords
Absoluteism
Relativism
Deontological
Teleological
A rule that is true in all situations
A judgement that is true in all circumstances, there is no un…
Refers to an action that is inherently right or wrong, no acc…
Concerned with the purpose or ultimate goal of something
Absoluteism
A rule that is true in all situations
Relativism
A judgement that is true in all circumstances, there is no un…
10 terms
Ethics AS - Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Embryo
Stem Cell
Therapeutic Cloning
The technology involved in cloning, gene therapy and gene man…
The developing bundle of cells in the womb up to eight weeks'…
A 'master' cell that can become any kind of material.
A method of producing stem cells to treat diseases such as Al…
Genetic Engineering
The technology involved in cloning, gene therapy and gene man…
Embryo
The developing bundle of cells in the womb up to eight weeks'…
17 terms
Philosophy and Ethics - AS KANT
What outcome did Kant think was inhere…
Why didn't Kant think any outcome was…
What does Kant use the term 'good' to…
How can one work out ones duty?
Kant did not believe that any outcome was inherently good
Pleasure or happiness could result out of the most evil acts
He used the term good to describe the 'good will', by which h…
using reason
What outcome did Kant think was inhere…
Kant did not believe that any outcome was inherently good
Why didn't Kant think any outcome was…
Pleasure or happiness could result out of the most evil acts
8 terms
RE AS ETHICS- Antinomian
legalistic
against law
don't really use one at all
as if the situation was unique
what type of legal system is antanomian opposite to
what is the actual meaning of antinomian
what ethical system do antinomians use
how do they approach an ethical dilemma
legalistic
what type of legal system is antanomian opposite to
against law
what is the actual meaning of antinomian
51 terms
Ethics AS Keywords
Absolute
Agape
Autonomy
Categorical Imperative
Universal and applying to everyone no matter what the situati…
From the Greek word love, a different kind of love. For Chris…
Making moral decisions freely.
A command to perform actions that are absolute moral rules.
Absolute
Universal and applying to everyone no matter what the situati…
Agape
From the Greek word love, a different kind of love. For Chris…
33 terms
Euthanasia - AS level Ethics
What are the two broad divides for Eut…
Define Passive Euthanasia
Define active Euthanasia
What are the three forms of Euthanasia?
Active Euthanasia... Passive Euthanasia
Failing to prevent the death of the person when interjection…
Deliberately bringing about the death of a person ... e.g admini…
Voluntary euthanasia... Non-voluntary Euthanasia... In-voluntary Eu…
What are the two broad divides for Eut…
Active Euthanasia... Passive Euthanasia
Define Passive Euthanasia
Failing to prevent the death of the person when interjection…
17 terms
AS Ethics Revision
Ethics
What is ethics also known as?
Normative ethics
Examples of ethical theories
The philosophical study of good and bad
Moral philosophy
Attempt to arrive at practical,moral standards that tell us r…
Consequential ... Virtue ethics... Vuluntarism
Ethics
The philosophical study of good and bad
What is ethics also known as?
Moral philosophy
16 terms
AS Ethics: Kant
Deontological theory
Belief about humans
Moral law
Duty
Concerned with actions not consequences ... Duty based to obey m…
-rational and highest point of creation... -free to rationalise…
-objective moral law and we know this through reason
-perform actions that are morally obligatory and not to perfo…
Deontological theory
Concerned with actions not consequences ... Duty based to obey m…
Belief about humans
-rational and highest point of creation... -free to rationalise…
37 terms
Kantian ethics - AS level ethics
What period did Immanuel Kant live in?
What is a Deontological approach?
What is a Rationalist approach?
Where is Kant's theories written down…
The Gregorian period
Where the rightness or wrongness of an action is the action i…
You analyze the world by reason.
'grounding for the metaphysics of morals' + 'critique of prac…
What period did Immanuel Kant live in?
The Gregorian period
What is a Deontological approach?
Where the rightness or wrongness of an action is the action i…
11 terms
Ethics AS - Utilitarianism
Teleological
Consequentialist
Principle of Utility
Hedonism
Moral actions are right or wrong according to their outcome o…
Someone who decides whether an action is good or bad by its c…
The theory of usefulness - the greatest happiness for the gre…
The view that pleasure is the chief 'good'.
Teleological
Moral actions are right or wrong according to their outcome o…
Consequentialist
Someone who decides whether an action is good or bad by its c…
14 terms
Ethics AS - Kant
A posteriori
A priori
Autonomy
Absolute
A statement which is knowable after experience.
A statement which is knowable without reference to any experi…
Self-directed freedom, arriving at moral judgement through re…
A principle that is universally binding.
A posteriori
A statement which is knowable after experience.
A priori
A statement which is knowable without reference to any experi…
15 terms
AS Philosophy Ethics
Utilitarianism
Principle of utility
Preference Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that t…
Principle of utility states that actions or behaviours are ri…
Preference utilitarianism entails promoting actions that fulf…
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) was a British philosopher, jurist,…
Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that t…
Principle of utility
Principle of utility states that actions or behaviours are ri…
14 terms
Ethics AS - Abortion
Abortion
Foetus
Hippocratic Oath
Sanctity of Life
The termination of a pregnacy by artifical means.
An organism in the womb from nine weeks until birth.
Written in the fifth century BCE, it became the basis for doc…
The belief that human life is valuable in itself.
Abortion
The termination of a pregnacy by artifical means.
Foetus
An organism in the womb from nine weeks until birth.
8 terms
Ethics AS - Absolutism and Relativism
Moral Relativism
Subjectivism
Cultural Relativism
Descriptive Relativism
There are no universally valid moral principles and so there…
Each person's values are relative to that person and so canno…
What is right or wrong depends on the culture.
Different cultures and societies have differing ethical syste…
Moral Relativism
There are no universally valid moral principles and so there…
Subjectivism
Each person's values are relative to that person and so canno…
25 terms
AS Ethics: Abortion
Sanctity of life
Personhood
Abortion
Law
1) Life is God given... 2) Human life is precious ... 3) God has a…
-conscience ... -ability to choose right/ wrong... -ability to thin…
The termination of pregnancy by artificial means
-Legal in UK up to 24th week... -2 doctors ... -a risk of the physi…
Sanctity of life
1) Life is God given... 2) Human life is precious ... 3) God has a…
Personhood
-conscience ... -ability to choose right/ wrong... -ability to thin…
36 terms
Utilitarianism - Ethics AS
What type of theory is a utilitarianis…
What is the defintion of a teleologica…
Which Scholar created the main Utilita…
Who was Jeremy Bentham (brief history)?
Teleological
We make our moral decisions relying solely on the consequence…
Jeremy Bentham
A social reformer at of industrial and social revolution when…
What type of theory is a utilitarianis…
Teleological
What is the defintion of a teleologica…
We make our moral decisions relying solely on the consequence…
14 terms
Ethics AS - Abortion
Abortion
Foetus
Hippocratic Oath
Sanctity of Life
The termination of a pregnacy by artifical means.
An organism in the womb from nine weeks until birth.
Written in the fifth century BCE, it became the basis for doc…
The belief that human life is valuable in itself.
Abortion
The termination of a pregnacy by artifical means.
Foetus
An organism in the womb from nine weeks until birth.
24 terms
Situation Ethics - AS Philosophy
Name the three approaches to Morality
Define Legalism
Define Antinomianism
Define Situationism
Legalism, Antinomianism, Situationism
A conservative, rule based morality. Example - the decalogue
Polar opposite to legalism. There are no rules or maxims. Thi…
A midway between Antinomianism and Legalism. A situationist a…
Name the three approaches to Morality
Legalism, Antinomianism, Situationism
Define Legalism
A conservative, rule based morality. Example - the decalogue
18 terms
Kantian Ethics - AS RS
Deontological
Summum Bonum
All humans seek the ___
Categorical Imperative
Concerned with actions not consequences
A state in which human virtue and happiness are united
Summum Bonum
- We will reach the summum bonum by following the ___... - Guide…
Deontological
Concerned with actions not consequences
Summum Bonum
A state in which human virtue and happiness are united
12 terms
Ethics and Philosophy AS: Plato
Cave
Shadows
Chained Prisoners
Chains
The empirical world around us
Illusions
Ordinary people
Our senses
Cave
The empirical world around us
Shadows
Illusions
15 terms
AS Level RPE: Ethics
Descriptive ethics
Normative ethics
Meta-ethics
Telelogical
Describing what ethics exist
What's right and wrong
Language (e.g. what do you mean by 'right'?)
The rightness or wrongness of an action is decided by the con…
Descriptive ethics
Describing what ethics exist
Normative ethics
What's right and wrong
30 terms
Situation Ethics - AS
Who was the main philosopher who creat…
What type of theory was Situation Ethi…
Why did Joseph Fletcher develop situat…
Who supported Fletcher's situation eth…
Joseph Fletcher
Teleological
Believed that ethics in the 1960s had not been working, again…
Rudolf Bultmann
Who was the main philosopher who creat…
Joseph Fletcher
What type of theory was Situation Ethi…
Teleological
13 terms
Ethics AS: Natural Law
Aristotle's Background
Aristotle's Four causes
How do the 4 causes relate to humanity?
Stoics: Overview
He first founded the doctrine of natural law and he was a stu…
Everything in the universe has a cause, and in order to find…
When he created the 4 causes he tried to discover the essence…
They were founded by Zeno of Citium(335-263 BC) during the He…
Aristotle's Background
He first founded the doctrine of natural law and he was a stu…
Aristotle's Four causes
Everything in the universe has a cause, and in order to find…
21 terms
Buddhist Ethics (AS RS)
The eightfold path
Walpola Rahula
"Ethical conduct is built on the conce…
Intention
the main characteristic of the buddhist way of life, the path…
Emphasised that the key values of Buddhist ethics are love an…
Walpola Rahula quote
Actions are judges on this
The eightfold path
the main characteristic of the buddhist way of life, the path…
Walpola Rahula
Emphasised that the key values of Buddhist ethics are love an…
45 terms
AS Ethics OCR
Who developed natural moral law
Who was Aquinas influenced by
What as aristotles final cause
what did Aristotle believe was the fin…
Aquinas
Aristolte
The ultimate purpose of an item
eudamonia
Who developed natural moral law
Aquinas
Who was Aquinas influenced by
Aristolte
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