Study sets matching "as ethics"

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Study sets matching "as ethics"

105 terms
AS Ethics
Normative Ethics
Deontological
Teleological
Cultural Relativism
Asks - How should I act, morally speaking.
Acts are intrinsically wrong, not concerned with the conseque…
Concerned with the consequences of actions. An action is only…
Conclusion from the Diversity and Dependency Thesis that ther…
Normative Ethics
Asks - How should I act, morally speaking.
Deontological
Acts are intrinsically wrong, not concerned with the conseque…
19 terms
AS Ethics - Situation Ethics
What is the first basic principle of S…
What is kind of ethical theory is Situ…
What is the quote about loving being r…
What is the name of Joseph Fletchers b…
There is nothing which is universally right or universally wr…
It is a relative, teleological ethical theory.
"Love relativises the absolute, it does not absolute the rela…
Situation Ethics: The New Morality, 1963
What is the first basic principle of S…
There is nothing which is universally right or universally wr…
What is kind of ethical theory is Situ…
It is a relative, teleological ethical theory.
AS Ethics
Teleological
Subjective
A posteriori
Relativist
Related to purpose and end point
Your own opinion
A statement which is knowable after experience
Nothing can be objective right or wrong
Teleological
Related to purpose and end point
Subjective
Your own opinion
6 terms
AS ETHICS
Moral objectivist
Moral subjectivist
Moral absolutist
Moral relativist
Moral truths independent of the mind
Morality is mind dependant /opinion
One action that can never be justified (Kant)
No action which couldn't be justified
Moral objectivist
Moral truths independent of the mind
Moral subjectivist
Morality is mind dependant /opinion
AS ETHICS
Absolutist
Relativist
Subjective
Objective
A rule that is strue in all situations
A judgement that depends on circumstances
Judgements based on personal opinion
Judgements based on impartial absolute balue system
Absolutist
A rule that is strue in all situations
Relativist
A judgement that depends on circumstances
10 terms
Ethics AS - Religious Ethics
Natural Law
Situation Ethics
Euthyphro Dilemma
Divine Command Theory
The theory that an eteral, absolute, moral law can be discove…
The morally right thing to do is the most loving in the situa…
The dilemma first identified by Plato - is something good bec…
Actions are right or wrong depending on whether they follow G…
Natural Law
The theory that an eteral, absolute, moral law can be discove…
Situation Ethics
The morally right thing to do is the most loving in the situa…
Philosophy and Ethics As - Situational ethics
Fletcher's quote of a cab driver
The situationist has respect for laws…
Agape
Fletcher's best interest
"Sometimes you've gotta put your principles to one side and d…
However they are free to make the right choice according to t…
"Goodwill at work with reason" in seeking the "neighbour's be…
Is the same as singers utilitarianism. We act out of love for…
Fletcher's quote of a cab driver
"Sometimes you've gotta put your principles to one side and d…
The situationist has respect for laws…
However they are free to make the right choice according to t…
AS Ethics key terms
Consequentialist
Teleological
Deontological
Relativist
Acts are judged on the effects of actions.
Actions are directed by end goals.
Actions should be guided by rules.
There are no universal moral norms or rules.
Consequentialist
Acts are judged on the effects of actions.
Teleological
Actions are directed by end goals.
6 terms
OCR AS Ethics: Relativism
Relativism
Who oppose of relativism?
Strengths
Weaknesses
Nothing may be said to be objectively right/wrong; it depends…
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
Its flexible.... Focuses more on people.... Allows people to take r…
Doesn't allow society to progress.... More difficult to apply th…
Relativism
Nothing may be said to be objectively right/wrong; it depends…
Who oppose of relativism?
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
55 terms
AS Ethics - Situation Ethics
Who developed Situation Ethics?
Dates for Joseph Fletcher
What is the first basic principle of S…
What is the second basic principle of…
Joseph Fletcher
1905-1991
There is nothing which is universally right or universally wr…
There is nothing which is intrinsically right to intrinsicall…
Who developed Situation Ethics?
Joseph Fletcher
Dates for Joseph Fletcher
1905-1991
6 terms
OCR AS Ethics: Absolutism
Absolutist morality
Which of the theories are absolutist?
Strengths
Weaknesses
An objective moral rule or value that is always true in all s…
Natural Law and Kantian Ethics
Simple to apply.... Allows us to have a UN Declaration of Human…
Not concerned with the motive/outcome of an action.... Doesn't c…
Absolutist morality
An objective moral rule or value that is always true in all s…
Which of the theories are absolutist?
Natural Law and Kantian Ethics
AS ethics
The hedonic calculus
Primary Precepts
Absolute theories
Relative theories
Happiness = pleasure- Pain... intensity, duration, certainty, r…
Worship God... Reproduce... Ordered Society ... Educate the young... Prot…
Kant... Natural law... Strong Rule Utilitarianism ... Divine command t…
Preference utilitarianism ... Act utilitarianism ... Weak rule util…
The hedonic calculus
Happiness = pleasure- Pain... intensity, duration, certainty, r…
Primary Precepts
Worship God... Reproduce... Ordered Society ... Educate the young... Prot…
Ethics -Consumers as Stakeholders
Two assumptions of consumer rights
Marketing communications
Deceptive marketing
Ethical issues in marketing management
1) consumer dignity should be respected... 2) producers have a d…
- Inform consumers about goods and services ... - Persuade consu…
when a marketing communication either creates, or takes advan…
- Are intrusive and unavoidable ... - Create artificial wants ... -…
Two assumptions of consumer rights
1) consumer dignity should be respected... 2) producers have a d…
Marketing communications
- Inform consumers about goods and services ... - Persuade consu…
16 terms
Ethics keywords OCR As.
Objective
Subjective
Absolute
Relative
Not influenced by personal feeling or opinions in considering…
Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes or opinio…
A value or principle regarded as universally valid and univer…
Nothing may be said to be objectively right or wrong; it depe…
Objective
Not influenced by personal feeling or opinions in considering…
Subjective
Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes or opinio…
31 terms
AS Ethics - Situation Ethics
Who developed Situation Ethics?
Dates for Joseph Fletcher
What is the first basic principle of S…
What is the second basic principle of…
Joseph Fletcher
1905-1991
There is nothing which is universally right or universally wr…
There is nothing which is intrinsically right to intrinsicall…
Who developed Situation Ethics?
Joseph Fletcher
Dates for Joseph Fletcher
1905-1991
AS Ethics
Absolute
Morality
Ethics
Absolutism
certainty - Something is definitely right or wrong
Principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong…
Whether something is right or wrong, refers to the customary…
To maintain that some things are right and some are wrong, th…
Absolute
certainty - Something is definitely right or wrong
Morality
Principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong…
14 terms
AS Religious Studies - Christian Ethics
Agape
Agapeism/ agapeistic
Church fathers
Denomination
(Greek) love (especially love that is spiritual and selfless…
The theory that morality is grounded in love toward others an…
Bishops, theologians, teachers, and scholars whose writings h…
A group of religious congregations having its own organizatio…
Agape
(Greek) love (especially love that is spiritual and selfless…
Agapeism/ agapeistic
The theory that morality is grounded in love toward others an…
AS Ethics OCR
Who developed natural moral law
Who was Aquinas influenced by
What as aristotles final cause
what did Aristotle believe was the fin…
Aquinas
Aristolte
The ultimate purpose of an item
eudamonia
Who developed natural moral law
Aquinas
Who was Aquinas influenced by
Aristolte
14 terms
AS Ethics: Religious Ethics
Religious Ethical Theories
Biblical Ethics
The Golden Rule
Divine Command Theory
Based on religion and are used by different denominations as…
Not many Christians follow this too strictly but many of the…
'Do to others as you would have done to you.'
Based on the idea of God's omnipotence. He created a Divine L…
Religious Ethical Theories
Based on religion and are used by different denominations as…
Biblical Ethics
Not many Christians follow this too strictly but many of the…
23 terms
AS Religious Studies - Kantian Ethics
A priori knowledge
Analytic statement
Categorical Imperative
Competing duties
Derived from reason without reference to sense experience. Ex…
A statement which can be established as true or false by defi…
Kant's ethical system. The ultimate foundation of all moral l…
When more than one duty presents itself creating a moral dile…
A priori knowledge
Derived from reason without reference to sense experience. Ex…
Analytic statement
A statement which can be established as true or false by defi…
AS Philosophy and Ethics- situation ethics
what is situation ethics?
4 working presumptions
pragmatism
relativism
Via medium between legalism and antinomianism, developed by F…
pragmatism, relativism, positivism and personalism
must work in practice. interested in the practical applicatio…
words like 'always' 'never' and 'absolute' are rejected. ther…
what is situation ethics?
Via medium between legalism and antinomianism, developed by F…
4 working presumptions
pragmatism, relativism, positivism and personalism
Philosophy and Ethics - AS KANT
What outcome did Kant think was inhere…
Why didn't Kant think any outcome was…
What does Kant use the term 'good' to…
How can one work out ones duty?
Kant did not believe that any outcome was inherently good
Pleasure or happiness could result out of the most evil acts
He used the term good to describe the 'good will', by which h…
using reason
What outcome did Kant think was inhere…
Kant did not believe that any outcome was inherently good
Why didn't Kant think any outcome was…
Pleasure or happiness could result out of the most evil acts
23 terms
AS Religious Studies - Meta Ethics
Boo-Hurrah Theory
Cognitive
Emotivism
Empirical evidence
another name for Emotivism.
a statement that is subject to being either true or false. Ex…
the idea that meaning of ethical language is not knowable as…
information is gained using sensory data (i.e. what we see, s…
Boo-Hurrah Theory
another name for Emotivism.
Cognitive
a statement that is subject to being either true or false. Ex…
AS Ethics OCR
Who developed natural moral law
Who was Aquinas influenced by
What as aristotles final cause
what did Aristotle believe was the fin…
Aquinas
Aristolte
The ultimate purpose of an item
eudamonia
Who developed natural moral law
Aquinas
Who was Aquinas influenced by
Aristolte
28 terms
AS Religious Studies - Situation Ethics
Pragmatism
Positivism
Personalism
Relativism
Should be a practical decision made for the particular circum…
Love is from God and that is the most important thing
People come before rules
Takes consequences into account
Pragmatism
Should be a practical decision made for the particular circum…
Positivism
Love is from God and that is the most important thing
Ethics as Moral Theology
Big Idea of Ethics as Moral Theology
Systematic Theology and Moral Theology…
Systematic Theology and Moral Theology…
Systematic Theology and Moral Theology…
Viewing ethics as a theological subdiscipline, rightly claimi…
a. ...in God's revelation of himself and his will.... • God reve…
a. We are created to know and love God, by living in accordan…
a. A theological framework makes a big difference.... b. Sin: ... i…
Big Idea of Ethics as Moral Theology
Viewing ethics as a theological subdiscipline, rightly claimi…
Systematic Theology and Moral Theology…
a. ...in God's revelation of himself and his will.... • God reve…
AS Philosophy and Ethics- Utilitarianism
utilitarianism
the hedonic calculus
Mill
strengths
Bentham- the principle of utility, 'the greatest good for the…
1.Intensity... 2.Duration... 3.Certainty... 4. Propinquity (how near o…
"by happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain;…
simplicity- it gives clear basis for making policy decisions…
utilitarianism
Bentham- the principle of utility, 'the greatest good for the…
the hedonic calculus
1.Intensity... 2.Duration... 3.Certainty... 4. Propinquity (how near o…
AS Ethics key scholars
Henry Sidgwick
David Hume
G.E. Moore
Ray Billington
It is not easy to distinguish between higher and lower pleasu…
We cannot derive what we 'ought' to do from what 'is' the case.
Goodness cannot be defined in terms of any natural property.
'Blood is thicker than water': utilitarianism doesn't recogni…
Henry Sidgwick
It is not easy to distinguish between higher and lower pleasu…
David Hume
We cannot derive what we 'ought' to do from what 'is' the case.
32 terms
OCR AS Ethics - Kant
Normative
Deontological
Absolutist
A priori
Tells you what is right and wrong/what you ought to do
Acts are intrinsically right and wrong in themselves
Applies universally in all times, places, situations
Derived from reason alone, not experience
Normative
Tells you what is right and wrong/what you ought to do
Deontological
Acts are intrinsically right and wrong in themselves
13 terms
Ethics AS: Natural Law
Aristotle's Background
Aristotle's Four causes
How do the 4 causes relate to humanity?
Stoics: Overview
He first founded the doctrine of natural law and he was a stu…
Everything in the universe has a cause, and in order to find…
When he created the 4 causes he tried to discover the essence…
They were founded by Zeno of Citium(335-263 BC) during the He…
Aristotle's Background
He first founded the doctrine of natural law and he was a stu…
Aristotle's Four causes
Everything in the universe has a cause, and in order to find…
Situation Ethics - AS Philosophy
Name the three approaches to Morality
Define Legalism
Define Antinomianism
Define Situationism
Legalism, Antinomianism, Situationism
A conservative, rule based morality. Example - the decalogue
Polar opposite to legalism. There are no rules or maxims. Thi…
A midway between Antinomianism and Legalism. A situationist a…
Name the three approaches to Morality
Legalism, Antinomianism, Situationism
Define Legalism
A conservative, rule based morality. Example - the decalogue
AS Religious Studies (OCR) Ethics
A Priori
A Posteriori
Act Utilitarianism
Doctrine of Double Effect
A statement which is knowable because of logic, without obser…
A statement which is knowable after experience
A teleological theory that uses the outcome of an action to d…
An action where the main intention is to do good, but which m…
A Priori
A statement which is knowable because of logic, without obser…
A Posteriori
A statement which is knowable after experience
37 terms
Kantian ethics - AS level ethics
What period did Immanuel Kant live in?
What is a Deontological approach?
What is a Rationalist approach?
Where is Kant's theories written down…
The Gregorian period
Where the rightness or wrongness of an action is the action i…
You analyze the world by reason.
'grounding for the metaphysics of morals' + 'critique of prac…
What period did Immanuel Kant live in?
The Gregorian period
What is a Deontological approach?
Where the rightness or wrongness of an action is the action i…
7 terms
RE AS ETHICS- Legalistic ethics
set of prefabricated moral rules and r…
Judaism and Christianity
natural law for Catholics and biblical…
when people are faced with life's comp…
what is legalistic ethics made up of
which religions use legalistic ethics
what moral systems does Christianity use
when does legalistic ethics run into problems
set of prefabricated moral rules and r…
what is legalistic ethics made up of
Judaism and Christianity
which religions use legalistic ethics
AS Ethics / Situation Ethics / Intro
What did the taxi driver that Fletcher…
What does legalistic mean?
Why is the use of legalistic rules wro…
Who are antinomians?
"Sometimes you've gotta put your principles to one side and d…
In terms of ethical theories, it is rules that mustn't be bro…
It is wrong as it makes rules more important than people and…
People who reject rules entirely.
What did the taxi driver that Fletcher…
"Sometimes you've gotta put your principles to one side and d…
What does legalistic mean?
In terms of ethical theories, it is rules that mustn't be bro…
Ethics AS Keywords
Absolute
Agape
Autonomy
Categorical Imperative
Universal and applying to everyone no matter what the situati…
From the Greek word love, a different kind of love. For Chris…
Making moral decisions freely.
A command to perform actions that are absolute moral rules.
Absolute
Universal and applying to everyone no matter what the situati…
Agape
From the Greek word love, a different kind of love. For Chris…
Ethics AS glossary
Relativism
Absolutist
Deontological
Universalisation
A moral judgement that takes into account the circumstances i…
A moral judgement that relies on a fixed truth is absolute. A…
A theory that is based on actions, not consequences
Is your behaviour of a good enough standard that you'd want e…
Relativism
A moral judgement that takes into account the circumstances i…
Absolutist
A moral judgement that relies on a fixed truth is absolute. A…
14 terms
Ethics AS - Kant
A posteriori
A priori
Autonomy
Absolute
A statement which is knowable after experience.
A statement which is knowable without reference to any experi…
Self-directed freedom, arriving at moral judgement through re…
A principle that is universally binding.
A posteriori
A statement which is knowable after experience.
A priori
A statement which is knowable without reference to any experi…
11 terms
Ethics AS - Utilitarianism
Teleological
Consequentialist
Principle of Utility
Hedonism
Moral actions are right or wrong according to their outcome o…
Someone who decides whether an action is good or bad by its c…
The theory of usefulness - the greatest happiness for the gre…
The view that pleasure is the chief 'good'.
Teleological
Moral actions are right or wrong according to their outcome o…
Consequentialist
Someone who decides whether an action is good or bad by its c…
Ethics AS Keywords
Absoluteism
Relativism
Deontological
Teleological
A rule that is true in all situations
A judgement that is true in all circumstances, there is no un…
Refers to an action that is inherently right or wrong, no acc…
Concerned with the purpose or ultimate goal of something
Absoluteism
A rule that is true in all situations
Relativism
A judgement that is true in all circumstances, there is no un…
14 terms
Ethics AS - Abortion
Abortion
Foetus
Hippocratic Oath
Sanctity of Life
The termination of a pregnacy by artifical means.
An organism in the womb from nine weeks until birth.
Written in the fifth century BCE, it became the basis for doc…
The belief that human life is valuable in itself.
Abortion
The termination of a pregnacy by artifical means.
Foetus
An organism in the womb from nine weeks until birth.
10 terms
Ethics AS - Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering
Embryo
Stem Cell
Therapeutic Cloning
The technology involved in cloning, gene therapy and gene man…
The developing bundle of cells in the womb up to eight weeks'…
A 'master' cell that can become any kind of material.
A method of producing stem cells to treat diseases such as Al…
Genetic Engineering
The technology involved in cloning, gene therapy and gene man…
Embryo
The developing bundle of cells in the womb up to eight weeks'…
AS Philosophy Ethics
Utilitarianism
Principle of utility
Preference Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that t…
Principle of utility states that actions or behaviours are ri…
Preference utilitarianism entails promoting actions that fulf…
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) was a British philosopher, jurist,…
Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that t…
Principle of utility
Principle of utility states that actions or behaviours are ri…
25 terms
AS Ethics: Abortion
Sanctity of life
Personhood
Abortion
Law
1) Life is God given... 2) Human life is precious ... 3) God has a…
-conscience ... -ability to choose right/ wrong... -ability to thin…
The termination of pregnancy by artificial means
-Legal in UK up to 24th week... -2 doctors ... -a risk of the physi…
Sanctity of life
1) Life is God given... 2) Human life is precious ... 3) God has a…
Personhood
-conscience ... -ability to choose right/ wrong... -ability to thin…
Philosophy and Ethics As - The Hedonic Calculus
Purity
Remoteness
Intensity
Certainty
How free from pain the pleasure is.
How far away the pleasure is.
How powerful the pleasure is.
How likely the pleasure is.
Purity
How free from pain the pleasure is.
Remoteness
How far away the pleasure is.
AS RS Ethics Definitions
Normative
Applied
Meta
Deontological
Attempt to arrive at a practical moral standard telling us ri…
Application of these theories to moral issues
The meaning of the language used in ethics
Certain actions are right or wrong in themselves regardless o…
Normative
Attempt to arrive at a practical moral standard telling us ri…
Applied
Application of these theories to moral issues
8 terms
RE AS ETHICS- Antinomian
legalistic
against law
don't really use one at all
as if the situation was unique
what type of legal system is antanomian opposite to
what is the actual meaning of antinomian
what ethical system do antinomians use
how do they approach an ethical dilemma
legalistic
what type of legal system is antanomian opposite to
against law
what is the actual meaning of antinomian
Ethics As - The Hedonic Calculus
Purity
Remoteness
Intensity
Certainty
How free from pain the pleasure is.
How far away the pleasure is.
How powerful the pleasure is.
How likely the pleasure is.
Purity
How free from pain the pleasure is.
Remoteness
How far away the pleasure is.
16 terms
AS Ethics: Kant
Deontological theory
Belief about humans
Moral law
Duty
Concerned with actions not consequences ... Duty based to obey m…
-rational and highest point of creation... -free to rationalise…
-objective moral law and we know this through reason
-perform actions that are morally obligatory and not to perfo…
Deontological theory
Concerned with actions not consequences ... Duty based to obey m…
Belief about humans
-rational and highest point of creation... -free to rationalise…
17 terms
AS Ethics Revision
Ethics
What is ethics also known as?
Normative ethics
Examples of ethical theories
The philosophical study of good and bad
Moral philosophy
Attempt to arrive at practical,moral standards that tell us r…
Consequential ... Virtue ethics... Vuluntarism
Ethics
The philosophical study of good and bad
What is ethics also known as?
Moral philosophy
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