Study sets matching "assessment psychology"

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Study sets matching "assessment psychology"

48 terms
Psychology Assessment
Sensation is the process of organizing…
Bottom-up processing is information pr…
Top-down processing is information pro…
We can perceive subliminal messages
False
False
False
True
Sensation is the process of organizing…
False
Bottom-up processing is information pr…
False
85 terms
Psychological Assessments
Types of Cognitive Tests
Types of Personality Assessment Techni…
Clinical Interview
Structured Interview
Intelligence: Tests the ability to learn new information, glo…
Self Report Inventories... Informant Ratings: When others rate…
Asks a series of questions in 30-60 minutes, results in poten…
Often used in research, written out standard set of questions…
Types of Cognitive Tests
Intelligence: Tests the ability to learn new information, glo…
Types of Personality Assessment Techni…
Self Report Inventories... Informant Ratings: When others rate…
863 Educational Psychology: Assessment
Assessment
Authentic Assessment
5 Areas of Authentic Assessment
Examples of Authentic Assessment
Process of observing a sample of a student's behavior and dra…
Focus on quality of learning not merely quantity of learning;…
Mnemonic Device Clue: It is P(olitically) C(correct) or P.E.E…
Murals, student-generated assessments, multimedia creations,…
Assessment
Process of observing a sample of a student's behavior and dra…
Authentic Assessment
Focus on quality of learning not merely quantity of learning;…
31 terms
Psychological Assessment
PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT
PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS
Reliability
Test-Retest Method
Patent reaction to illness = bio, genetic, past experience, c…
- Same of individual behavior under standardized conditions…
- How consistent or reliable a test is... - Underlying concept…
Involves correlation between two administrations of the same…
PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT
Patent reaction to illness = bio, genetic, past experience, c…
PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS
- Same of individual behavior under standardized conditions…
54 terms
Psychology Assessment
Case study
Experiment
Surveys
Correlations
An observation technique when one person is studied in depth…
A research method in which an investigator manipulates one or…
Look at many cases but less in depth, used to get people's ow…
A measure of the of the extent that two factors vary together…
Case study
An observation technique when one person is studied in depth…
Experiment
A research method in which an investigator manipulates one or…
33 terms
Psychological Assessment
Different psychological assessments
Psychological Assessment
The Clinical Interview
Types of info gathered in clinical int…
- Psychiatric evaluation... - Intelligence tests... - Achievement t…
- systematic evaluation + measurement of psychological, biolo…
- Establish sense of trust... - Gather information on presenting…
- past and present behavior... - attitudes... - emotions... - history…
Different psychological assessments
- Psychiatric evaluation... - Intelligence tests... - Achievement t…
Psychological Assessment
- systematic evaluation + measurement of psychological, biolo…
64 terms
Psychological Assessment
Differential Validity (2)
AAMD Adaptive Behavior Scale
Adult Neuropsychological Questionnaire
Alcohol Use Inventory
A test or other predictor has this when it's substantially di…
The AAMD Adaptive Behavior Scale is designed to measure child…
he Adult Neuropsychological Questionnaire consists of 54 item…
Designed to assess the nature of and problems associated with…
Differential Validity (2)
A test or other predictor has this when it's substantially di…
AAMD Adaptive Behavior Scale
The AAMD Adaptive Behavior Scale is designed to measure child…
Psychological Assessment
Assessment
Clinical Assessment
Standardization... Assessment Tools Chara…
Reliability... Assessment Tools Character…
The collecting of relevant information in an effort to reach…
Used to determine how and why a person is behaving abnormally…
The process of administering a test to a large group whose pe…
The consistency of a test.
Assessment
The collecting of relevant information in an effort to reach…
Clinical Assessment
Used to determine how and why a person is behaving abnormally…
Psychology Chapter 3 Assessment
grasping reflex
rooting reflex
accommodation
conservation
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of its h…
infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
the adjustment of one's schemas to include newly observed eve…
the principle that a given quality does not change when its a…
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of its h…
rooting reflex
infant's response in turning toward the source of touching th…
53 terms
Psychological Assessment
Differential Validity (2)
Kaufman Assessment Battery For Childre…
Bender-Gestalt II (3)
Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales II (2)
A test or other predictor has this when it's substantially di…
Based on Luria's neuropsychological model and the Catell-Horn…
Used as a measure of visual-motor integration and can be used…
This test measures personal and social skills of children and…
Differential Validity (2)
A test or other predictor has this when it's substantially di…
Kaufman Assessment Battery For Childre…
Based on Luria's neuropsychological model and the Catell-Horn…
16 terms
Psychology Assessments
Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT):
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)
ACT
Graduate Record Examination (GRE)
Short achievement test that assesses reading... recognition, spe…
Created to measure an individual's basic reading, math,... and w…
National college admissions exam that covers topics in math,…
Standardized test that evaluates an individual's... verbal reaso…
Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT):
Short achievement test that assesses reading... recognition, spe…
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT)
Created to measure an individual's basic reading, math,... and w…
Psychology assessment neurons
Is a specialized cell that receives in…
Neuron
Soma
Dendrite
Neuron
Is a specialized cell that receives in…
Neuron
Neuron
psychological assessment
MMPI
inventory
battery
psychometric quality as indicated by A…
index of suicide-proneness
collection of scales ... 1 test measuring 1 concept... ex: self est…
a collection of inventories/tests... many tests measuring 1 conc…
evidence for reliability... evidence for validity... a manual... norms…
MMPI
index of suicide-proneness
inventory
collection of scales ... 1 test measuring 1 concept... ex: self est…
37 terms
Psychological Assessment
intake interview
Mental Status Exam
Case History Interview
Pretest Interview
an interview conducted for the purposes of (a) determining wh…
a, a set of interview questions and observations designed to…
An interview conducted for the purpose of gaining a thorough…
If psychological tests are going to be conducted, then a pret…
intake interview
an interview conducted for the purposes of (a) determining wh…
Mental Status Exam
a, a set of interview questions and observations designed to…
22 terms
Psychological Assessment
Norm-referenced
Examples of Norm referenced scores
Criterion-referenced scores
Self referenced scores
Permit comparisons between and examinees test performance and…
Percentile ranks and standard scores
Are also known as domain referenced and content referenced sc…
Are provided by ipsative scales. It compares an examinees sco…
Norm-referenced
Permit comparisons between and examinees test performance and…
Examples of Norm referenced scores
Percentile ranks and standard scores
Psychological Assessment
Psychological Assessment
Psychological Testing
Psychological Construct
Psychometrics
the gathering and integrating of psychological data for psych…
the measuring of psychologically- related variables by means…
an informed scientific idea developed or generated to describ…
The science of psychological measurement
Psychological Assessment
the gathering and integrating of psychological data for psych…
Psychological Testing
the measuring of psychologically- related variables by means…
31 terms
Psychological Assessment
Psychological Assessment
Individual Uses
Institutional Decisions
Diagnosis Uses
- Provides validity for what you are seeing in sessions.... - Ut…
- In counseling, testing helps individuals understand themsel…
- For the benefit of the institution or organization.... - Insti…
- Diagnosis of Psychological problems or psychopathology. MMP…
Psychological Assessment
- Provides validity for what you are seeing in sessions.... - Ut…
Individual Uses
- In counseling, testing helps individuals understand themsel…
Psychological Assessment
test
features of a test
2 cautions for tests
norm referenced test
standardized procedure for sampling bx and describing it with…
standardized procedure ... behavioral sample ... scores and categor…
1. every test has error ... 2. test consumers must be weary of r…
performance of examinee is interpreted in reference to standa…
test
standardized procedure for sampling bx and describing it with…
features of a test
standardized procedure ... behavioral sample ... scores and categor…
20 terms
Psychological Assessment
Event that occurred after WWII
Psychological Assessment Uses [Individ…
Psychological Assessment Uses [Institu…
Psychological Assessment Uses [Diagnos…
We invited a huge new technology that was significantly assoc…
In counseling, testing helps individuals understand themselve…
For the benefit of the institution or organization, may also…
___of psychological problems or psychopathy. ... -MMPI or an ind…
Event that occurred after WWII
We invited a huge new technology that was significantly assoc…
Psychological Assessment Uses [Individ…
In counseling, testing helps individuals understand themselve…
Psychological Assessment
Behavioral Assessment
Glasgow Coma Scale
Larry P. V. Riles
Stanford-Binet 5th Edition (SB5) (Age…
o Focuses on overt & covert behaviors & utilizes various tech…
o Used to assess level of consciousness following brain injur…
o The case of Larry P was brought by plaintiffs on behalf of…
o An individually administered intelligence test for people a…
Behavioral Assessment
o Focuses on overt & covert behaviors & utilizes various tech…
Glasgow Coma Scale
o Used to assess level of consciousness following brain injur…
37 terms
Psychological Assessments
psychometric
reliability
test-retest reliability
equivalent-form reliability
Literally, the measurement ("metric") of properties of the mi…
A standard for evaluating tests that refers to the consistenc…
A type of reliability that reveals the stability of test scor…
A type of reliability that reveals the equivalence of test sc…
psychometric
Literally, the measurement ("metric") of properties of the mi…
reliability
A standard for evaluating tests that refers to the consistenc…
Psychological Assessment
Meyer et al. (2001)
sensitivity
specificity
standardization
*article - comparing the results of psychological tests - fou…
measures the proportion of positives that are correctly ident…
measures the proportion of negatives that are correctly ident…
deviating instructions would make the results invalid, must b…
Meyer et al. (2001)
*article - comparing the results of psychological tests - fou…
sensitivity
measures the proportion of positives that are correctly ident…
17 terms
Chapter 1 Psychology Assessment
physiological
cognitive
psychology
hypothesis
having to do with an organism's physical processes
having to do with an organism's thinking and understanding
the scientific study of behavior that is tested through scien…
an assumption or prediction about behavior that is tested thr…
physiological
having to do with an organism's physical processes
cognitive
having to do with an organism's thinking and understanding
Psychological Assessment
actuarial predictions
clinical predictions
age and intelligence/processing speed
Americans with Disabilities Act
based on empirically validated relationships between test res…
based on the decision maker's intuition, experience and knowl…
increasing age is associated with a decline in speed of infor…
requires that any test administered to a job applicant or emp…
actuarial predictions
based on empirically validated relationships between test res…
clinical predictions
based on the decision maker's intuition, experience and knowl…
12 terms
Psychological Assessment
Normal Curve
Negatively Skewed Test
Positively Skewed Test
Norms
Symmetrical. Assymptotic.
Test was too easy.
Test was too difficult.
-Heterogenous... -Representative of a population... -Large, typical…
Normal Curve
Symmetrical. Assymptotic.
Negatively Skewed Test
Test was too easy.
Psychological Assessment
Individual Uses
Institutional Uses
Diagnosis Uses
Research Uses
testing helps people understand themselves, make better decis…
benefit of institution/organization, may also help individual…
MMPI or index of suicide-proneness has individual, institutio…
Tests and scales are basis of research on personality and beh…
Individual Uses
testing helps people understand themselves, make better decis…
Institutional Uses
benefit of institution/organization, may also help individual…
Psychological Assessment
Examiner Qualifications
Level A Tests
Level B Tests
Level C Tests
Knowledge, skills, training
Administered and Interpreted by nonpsychologists
some technical knowledge of test construction and use - suppo…
at least Master's degree in psychology + 1 year supervised ex…
Examiner Qualifications
Knowledge, skills, training
Level A Tests
Administered and Interpreted by nonpsychologists
69 terms
Psychological Assessment
Categorizing of assessment
In Canada, a person is considered unfi…
In the United States, a person is cons…
Specific issues in fitness (10)
Past mental state: insanity/criminal responsibility... Present m…
- Unable to understand the nature or object of the proceeding…
- Do not have sufficient present ability to consult with atto…
1. Understand charges... 2. Give pertinent information to counse…
Categorizing of assessment
Past mental state: insanity/criminal responsibility... Present m…
In Canada, a person is considered unfi…
- Unable to understand the nature or object of the proceeding…
Psychological Assessment
mental status
emotion
cogition
optimal functioning
a person's emotional and cognitive functioning
what we feel
what we know
______________ aims toward simultaneous life satisfaction in…
mental status
a person's emotional and cognitive functioning
emotion
what we feel
57 terms
Psychological Assessment
Actuarial versus Clinical Predictions
Aging and Intelligence
Americans with Disabilities Act
Beck Depression Inventory II
Actuarial are based on empirically validated relationships be…
Increasing age is associated with decline in speed of informa…
Test administered to job applicant or employee with disabilit…
21 items about mood, cognitive, behavioral, physical aspects…
Actuarial versus Clinical Predictions
Actuarial are based on empirically validated relationships be…
Aging and Intelligence
Increasing age is associated with decline in speed of informa…
29 terms
Psychological Assessment
Psychological Assessment
Definition of a Psychological Test
Reliability
Test-Retest Method
patients react to illness in ways which reflect biologic and…
a sample of an individual's behavior obtained under standardi…
how consistent or reliable a test is... -underlying concept: ERR…
(reliability)... -correlation between 2 administrations of the t…
Psychological Assessment
patients react to illness in ways which reflect biologic and…
Definition of a Psychological Test
a sample of an individual's behavior obtained under standardi…
47 terms
Psychological Assessment
WISC-IV
Wechsler Tests
WAIS-IV
Strong Interest Survey
Interpretation is made at five levels:... FSIQ... Index scores and…
Based on g theory of intelligence - does not use current theo…
16+... VCI - vocab, similarities, info... WMI = digit span, lns... PSI…
Vocational Assessment Instrument... Used to match people's inter…
WISC-IV
Interpretation is made at five levels:... FSIQ... Index scores and…
Wechsler Tests
Based on g theory of intelligence - does not use current theo…
7 terms
Abnormal Psychology - Psychological Assessment
Goal of Assessment
Important Assessment Criteria
Components of a Psychological Assessment
Assessment Instruments and Tests
identify and understand the individual's symptoms within the…
extent of the assessment depends on the nature of the referra…
background information and personal history: referral questio…
interview and observation... cognitive functioning test ( i.e. I…
Goal of Assessment
identify and understand the individual's symptoms within the…
Important Assessment Criteria
extent of the assessment depends on the nature of the referra…
11 terms
Psychology assessment 3
Chapter 6: learning
learning
conditioning
phobias
...
- is any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge t…
involves learning associations between events that occur in a…
Irrational fears of specific objects or situations
Chapter 6: learning
...
learning
- is any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge t…
37 terms
Psychological Assessment
uses
individual
institutional decisions
diagnosis
individual... institutional decisions... diagnosis... research
testing helps individuals understand themselves and counselor…
for the benefit of the institution or organization... (also may…
diagnose a psych problem or pathology... indiv, institutional,…
uses
individual... institutional decisions... diagnosis... research
individual
testing helps individuals understand themselves and counselor…
psychological assessment
psychological assessment
properties of psychological testing
definition of a "Test":
Reliability (test)
patients react to illness in ways which reflect cognitive & e…
* reliability... * validity
A sample of behavior... standardization... properties of psycholo…
how consistent a test is; underlying concept is ERROR... Error=…
psychological assessment
patients react to illness in ways which reflect cognitive & e…
properties of psychological testing
* reliability... * validity
15 terms
Psychological assessment
Types of interviews
Examples of structured interviews
behavioral assessment
ABC's of observation
- unstructured ... - structured- consists of carefully phrased a…
SCID (Structured Clinic Interview for DSM-IV)... CAPS (Clinician…
- target behaviors are identified and observed with the goal…
- the antecedent what came before it (A) ... - the immediate beh…
Types of interviews
- unstructured ... - structured- consists of carefully phrased a…
Examples of structured interviews
SCID (Structured Clinic Interview for DSM-IV)... CAPS (Clinician…
psychology assessment 1
Nature
Nurture
4 goals of psychology
Who believe the mind and body were SEP…
Our genes
The Environment
1 define 2 explain 3e predict 4 control. Or depc
Socrates Plato and Renée descartes
Nature
Our genes
Nurture
The Environment
73 terms
Psychology Assessment 1
Psychology
Behavior (subcatergories)
3 things philosophy isn't
the five fields of philosophy
science of behavior
Thinking... feelings... external activity
science(doesn't provide the meaning)... religion(not based on fa…
metaphysics-focuses on the fundamental questions about existe…
Psychology
science of behavior
Behavior (subcatergories)
Thinking... feelings... external activity
17 terms
Psychological Assessment
informational variance
Criterion variance
Patient varience
structured interview
Differences in information obtained from the same patient by…
Variability in what clinicians feel is clinically relevant an…
Difference in the presentation of Patient symptoms at differe…
This interview provides the best means of obtaining valid and…
informational variance
Differences in information obtained from the same patient by…
Criterion variance
Variability in what clinicians feel is clinically relevant an…
18 terms
Psychological Assessments
ACT
Alcohol Use Inventory
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Bat…
Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)
Adolescent; College readiness assessment; a standardized test…
Adults and adolescents; The AUI is a set of 24 scales designe…
Adults, adolescent; a multiple choice test, administered by t…
Ages 17+. a 21-question multiple-choice self-report inventory…
ACT
Adolescent; College readiness assessment; a standardized test…
Alcohol Use Inventory
Adults and adolescents; The AUI is a set of 24 scales designe…
Psychological Assessment
Assessment
Inter-rater reliability
Kappa
unstructured interview
The process of collecting and interpreting information that w…
agreement among clinicians on diagnosis
How inter-rater reliability is measured, the proportion of ag…
a series of open ended questions aimed at determining the cli…
Assessment
The process of collecting and interpreting information that w…
Inter-rater reliability
agreement among clinicians on diagnosis
Psychological Assessment
Actuarial vs. Clinical
Aging and intelligence/processing speed
ADA
Bender-Gestalt
Actuarial predictions are based on empirically validated rela…
Increasing age is associated with a decline in information pr…
Requires that any test administered to a applicant with a dis…
Test of visual-motor integration. Has 16 stimulus cards consi…
Actuarial vs. Clinical
Actuarial predictions are based on empirically validated rela…
Aging and intelligence/processing speed
Increasing age is associated with a decline in information pr…
17 terms
Psychological Assessment
Psychological testing
Psychological test
Psychometrics
Test
refers to the use of psychological tests
device for measuring characteristics of human beings that per…
a specialized branch of psychology dealing with ... mental tests…
measurement device that quantifies behavior
Psychological testing
refers to the use of psychological tests
Psychological test
device for measuring characteristics of human beings that per…
psychological assessment
recall the history of CP
individual uses
institutional decision uses
diagnosis uses
we invented a HUGE new technology that was significantly asso…
in counseling, testing helps individuals understand themselve…
for the benefit of the institution or organization, may also…
diagnosis of psychological problems or psychopathology. MMPI…
recall the history of CP
we invented a HUGE new technology that was significantly asso…
individual uses
in counseling, testing helps individuals understand themselve…
Psychological Assessment
Components of Psychological Evaluations
6 Classes of Psychological Tests
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
4 Index scores of WAIS
1) Clinical Interviews... 2) Behavioral Observations (how do the…
1) Intelligence... 2) Academic Achievement... 3) Adaptive Behavior…
Most widely used individually administered adult IQ test
Verbal Compensation... Perceptual Organization... Working Memory... Pr…
Components of Psychological Evaluations
1) Clinical Interviews... 2) Behavioral Observations (how do the…
6 Classes of Psychological Tests
1) Intelligence... 2) Academic Achievement... 3) Adaptive Behavior…
Psychological assessment
Psychological test
Personality test
Structured personality test
Projective personality test
Sets of items designed to measure characteristics of human be…
Test related to the overt and covert dispositions of the indi…
Provide a statement and require subject to choose between two…
Unstructured test ambiguous stimuli and response example TAT…
Psychological test
Sets of items designed to measure characteristics of human be…
Personality test
Test related to the overt and covert dispositions of the indi…
13 terms
Psychological Assessment
Psychological tests
Ways to ensure reliability
Validity
Criterion-Related Validity
Standardized... A sample of behavior
Test-Retest... Alternate Forms... Internal Consistency... Inter-scorer
The test measures what it says it measures
Predictive- MCAT--> Med School GPA... Concurrent- HAM-D--> Clini…
Psychological tests
Standardized... A sample of behavior
Ways to ensure reliability
Test-Retest... Alternate Forms... Internal Consistency... Inter-scorer
Psychological Assessment
Spearman ( intelligence)
Binet & Simon (intelligence)
Weshler (intelligence)
Sternburg (intelligence)
a general ability that involves mainly the education of relat…
ability to judge well , to understand well , to reason well…
the global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to…
the mental capacity to automatize information processing and…
Spearman ( intelligence)
a general ability that involves mainly the education of relat…
Binet & Simon (intelligence)
ability to judge well , to understand well , to reason well…
7 terms
Psychological Assessments
Millon Behavioural Medicine Diagnostic…
Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Sca…
McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ)
Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI)
self report... assess specific psychosocial factors and decision…
respond to items on a 4 point scale... two forms, can be filled…
select words that best describe the pain, and sum the points…
scales of 1 to 5, and 'never' to 'often' for behaviours
Millon Behavioural Medicine Diagnostic…
self report... assess specific psychosocial factors and decision…
Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Sca…
respond to items on a 4 point scale... two forms, can be filled…
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