Study sets matching "astronomy 10"

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Study sets matching "astronomy 10"

Astronomy 10
Special Relativity
Gravitational Lensing
precession
LIGO
The laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating obs…
A distribution of matter (such as a cluster of galaxies) betw…
The slow movement of the axis of a spinning body around anoth…
Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory
Special Relativity
The laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating obs…
Gravitational Lensing
A distribution of matter (such as a cluster of galaxies) betw…
19 terms
10-Astronomy
Big Bang Theory
Aphelion
Barycenter
Electromagnetic spectrum
The universe originated in a huge explosion that released all…
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
The center of mass of two or more bodies, usually bodies orbi…
The arrangement of waves of radiant energy in order of wavele…
Big Bang Theory
The universe originated in a huge explosion that released all…
Aphelion
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
14 terms
Astronomy 10
Two general ways of learning about a d…
Direct observation
Indirectly
Two major indirect approaches to findi…
Directly and Indirectly
Means by obtaining images or spectra of the object.
Means by infering the objects existence or properties without…
Observing the motion of a star to detect the subtle gravitati…
Two general ways of learning about a d…
Directly and Indirectly
Direct observation
Means by obtaining images or spectra of the object.
93 terms
Astronomy 10
physical size
angular size
360 degrees
60 arcminutes (60')
how big it is
how big it looks from here
size of entire sky
one degree
physical size
how big it is
angular size
how big it looks from here
28 terms
astronomy
galaxy
wavelength
Leo
milky way
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
a zodiacal constellation in northern hemisphere between Cance…
The name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
galaxy
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
wavelength
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
10 terms
10 - Astronomy
rotation
revolution
full moon
magnitude
the turning of an object on an axis
the movement of one object in an orbit around another object
the phase of the moon in which we see the entire moon lighted…
the brightness of a star.
rotation
the turning of an object on an axis
revolution
the movement of one object in an orbit around another object
6 terms
Astronomy 10
Almost all galaxies
Redshift of galaxy is
No galaxies found
Hubble Flow
are moving away from us
directly related to the distance
beyond z=7
smooth expansion of the universe
Almost all galaxies
are moving away from us
Redshift of galaxy is
directly related to the distance
24 terms
astronomy #10
What is an atmosphere
how does the greenhouse effect warm a…
why do atmospheric properties vary wit…
what creates wind and weather
an atmosphere is a layer of gas that surrounds a world and th…
greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide methane and water vap…
atmospheric structure is determined by the way atmospheric ga…
global wind patterns are shaped by atmospheric heating and th…
What is an atmosphere
an atmosphere is a layer of gas that surrounds a world and th…
how does the greenhouse effect warm a…
greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide methane and water vap…
33 terms
10 Astronomy
Constellation
Ecliptic
Elongation
How long does it take for the earth to…
A constellation is group of stars within an imaginary outline…
The ecliptic is the apparent path of the Sun on the celestial…
Elongation: the angle between the planet and the Sun as measu…
365.25 days
Constellation
A constellation is group of stars within an imaginary outline…
Ecliptic
The ecliptic is the apparent path of the Sun on the celestial…
12 terms
Astronomy 10
In general, the less cratered a moon's…
The mare on Ganymede were formed by
Which of the Galilean moons is densest…
Inside the Roche Limit
younger
water erupting and spreading over the surface
Io
large moons are torn apart
In general, the less cratered a moon's…
younger
The mare on Ganymede were formed by
water erupting and spreading over the surface
20 terms
Astronomy (10)
What are the main constituents of Eart…
Why is atmospheric pressure less on to…
If there was no greenhouse effect, Ear…
If Earth was more reflective (had a hi…
b
c
c
b
What are the main constituents of Eart…
b
Why is atmospheric pressure less on to…
c
Astronomy 10 Final Practice
Which of the following has your "addre…
Rougly how many stars are in the Milky…
Which of the following statements abou…
Which of the following statements abou…
you, Earth, solar system, Milky Way, Local Group, Local Super…
100 Billion
The "celestial sphere" is just another name for our universe
It represents an extension of Earth's equator onto the celest…
Which of the following has your "addre…
you, Earth, solar system, Milky Way, Local Group, Local Super…
Rougly how many stars are in the Milky…
100 Billion
10 terms
Astronomy -10 terms
Revolution
Rotate
Solar System
Gas Giant Planet
motion of a body that travels around another body in space; o…
spinning of a body on its axis
a star (or stars) and all the planets and bodies that revolve…
planet with a deep, massive atmosphere; Jupiter, Saturn, Uran…
Revolution
motion of a body that travels around another body in space; o…
Rotate
spinning of a body on its axis
128 terms
Astronomy 5 - 10
Energy of Light =
1 Watt =
White light =... Black light =
Primary colors of vision vs. on paper
Radiative energy in Joules
1 Joule/Sec
All colors in similar proportions, reflects all colors... Absenc…
Vision = Blue, Red, Green... Paper = Red, Yellow, Blue
Energy of Light =
Radiative energy in Joules
1 Watt =
1 Joule/Sec
41 terms
Astronomy C10
Mass Exchange among binaries
Novae
Supernovae
Type 1 Supernovae
One star ends it's life, filling the Roche lobe. Recipient st…
a close binary star system consisting of a white dwarf and a…
This is the explosion of a star, when this happens the star b…
created by the explosion of a white dwarf, does not contain h…
Mass Exchange among binaries
One star ends it's life, filling the Roche lobe. Recipient st…
Novae
a close binary star system consisting of a white dwarf and a…
132 terms
Astronomy Ch 6-10
How does the sun maintain its energy o…
What is revealed by observing the sun…
Which of the following is true about g…
What are the general trends in tempera…
fusion of hydrogen nuclei
the structure of the chromosphere
They are both due to convection cells in layers below.
The temperature increases and density decreases.
How does the sun maintain its energy o…
fusion of hydrogen nuclei
What is revealed by observing the sun…
the structure of the chromosphere
132 terms
Astronomy Ch 6-10
How does the sun maintain its energy o…
What is revealed by observing the sun…
Which of the following is true about g…
What are the general trends in tempera…
fusion of hydrogen nuclei
the structure of the chromosphere
They are both due to convection cells in layers below.
The temperature increases and density decreases.
How does the sun maintain its energy o…
fusion of hydrogen nuclei
What is revealed by observing the sun…
the structure of the chromosphere
18 terms
Astronomy 10
At 8:00pm on August 10, which constell…
At 2:00am on September 20, which const…
At 9:00pm, on February 10, which const…
At 3:00am on March 15, which constella…
Scorpius
Big Dipper
Pisces
Aquila
At 8:00pm on August 10, which constell…
Scorpius
At 2:00am on September 20, which const…
Big Dipper
132 terms
Astronomy Ch 6-10
How does the sun maintain its energy o…
What is revealed by observing the sun…
Which of the following is true about g…
What are the general trends in tempera…
fusion of hydrogen nuclei
the structure of the chromosphere
They are both due to convection cells in layers below.
The temperature increases and density decreases.
How does the sun maintain its energy o…
fusion of hydrogen nuclei
What is revealed by observing the sun…
the structure of the chromosphere
37 terms
astronomy 10
universe estimated to have how many st…
brightness is not a
parallax
1 parsec equals
7 x 10^21
reliable way to determine distance to the stars
uses the change in an objects apparent position compared to t…
3.26 lightyears
universe estimated to have how many st…
7 x 10^21
brightness is not a
reliable way to determine distance to the stars
19 terms
Astronomy 10: Chapter 4
Aristotle
Geocentric model
Rotation
Revolution
Greek philosopher. Died 322 BC. Believed in the geocentric mo…
The Earth is the center of the universe. All planets rotate o…
Spinning on its own axis.
Turning around a separate object.
Aristotle
Greek philosopher. Died 322 BC. Believed in the geocentric mo…
Geocentric model
The Earth is the center of the universe. All planets rotate o…
36 terms
Astronomy Chapters 10 & 11
Rank layers of the sun's atmosphere, o…
Rank the layers of the sun's atomspher…
Rank the layers of the sun's atmospher…
rank the layers of the sun's atmospher…
corona, chromosphere, photosphere
photosphere, chromoshere, corona
corona, chromosphere, photosphere
corona, chromosphere, photosphere
Rank layers of the sun's atmosphere, o…
corona, chromosphere, photosphere
Rank the layers of the sun's atomspher…
photosphere, chromoshere, corona
20 terms
Explore+10 (Astronomy)
Asteroids
Celestial Object
Comets
Galaxy
Large, irregular shaped rocks that orbit the sun.
Any object outside or above Earth's atmosphere.
A small body of rock, ice, and cosmic dust that follows in an…
A large cluster of billions of stars and clouds of gas and du…
Asteroids
Large, irregular shaped rocks that orbit the sun.
Celestial Object
Any object outside or above Earth's atmosphere.
Astronomy 10/10/16
How old is the solar system?
Who proposed the solar nebula theory?
What is the solar nebula theory?
Before the sun there was a...
4.6 billion years old
Immanuel Kant
The Solar System formed from a spinning spherical cloud of ga…
protosun
How old is the solar system?
4.6 billion years old
Who proposed the solar nebula theory?
Immanuel Kant
282 terms
Astronomy 10S
angular Size
angular size of moon and sun?
astronomical unit
how much is an astronomical unit?
how big an object appears
1/2 degree
average distance from the earth to the sun
1.5 x 10^8 km
angular Size
how big an object appears
angular size of moon and sun?
1/2 degree
54 terms
Astronomy Ch. 10 - Mars
Why was the summer of 2003 a fine time…
Mars is best viewed from Earth when it…
What makes the view of Mars in the sum…
Why does Mars appear fainter than Venu…
Mars was closer to us than it has been in over 50,000 years.
opposition.
Mars was both at perihelion and opposition, creating the perf…
because it is smaller, farther away and less reflective
Why was the summer of 2003 a fine time…
Mars was closer to us than it has been in over 50,000 years.
Mars is best viewed from Earth when it…
opposition.
11 terms
Astronomy LT 10
Solar Eclipse
Lunar Eclipse
Lunar Eclipse
Solar Eclipse
Occurs when the Moon's shadow falls on Earth
Occurs when the Earth's shadow falls on the Moon
More common type of eclipse
Can only happen when the Moon is between the Earth and Sun
Solar Eclipse
Occurs when the Moon's shadow falls on Earth
Lunar Eclipse
Occurs when the Earth's shadow falls on the Moon
10 terms
Astronomy 10
A Black Hole has mass MBH = 15 MSolar.…
A Black Hole has mass MBH = 1800MSolar…
If the Schwarzschild radius of a Black…
Why black holes are black?
44.24 km
5309.32 km
35 Msolar
Because light does not escape
A Black Hole has mass MBH = 15 MSolar.…
44.24 km
A Black Hole has mass MBH = 1800MSolar…
5309.32 km
Astronomy Ch. 10 Vocab
Stellar Parallax
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Inverse-Square Law
The apparent shift in a nearby star's position on the celesti…
A measure of the brightness of light from a star or other obj…
The apparent magnitude that a star would have if it were 10 p…
The gravitational attraction between two objects and the appa…
Stellar Parallax
The apparent shift in a nearby star's position on the celesti…
Apparent Magnitude
A measure of the brightness of light from a star or other obj…
10 terms
Astronomy Ch. 10
Extrasolar planets
Directly
Indirectly
The Astrometric Method
Planets that lie beyond our own solar system
Obtaining images or spectra of the object
Inferring the object's existence or properties without actual…
Uses very precise measurements of stellar positions in the sk…
Extrasolar planets
Planets that lie beyond our own solar system
Directly
Obtaining images or spectra of the object
Chapter 10- Astronomy
Solar System
Asteroid Belt
Astronomical Unit
Astronomy
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
the region of the Solar System located roughly between the or…
a unit of measurement equal to 149.6 million kilometers, the…
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
Solar System
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
Asteroid Belt
the region of the Solar System located roughly between the or…
24 terms
Astronomy Day 10 (Friday)
The "canals" first spotted on mars wer…
Are there canals on mars?
What are Mars' ice caps made of?
Is the surface visible through a teles…
optical illusions (much to large to be actual canals)
No
Permanent water ice + dry ice only in winter
Yes
The "canals" first spotted on mars wer…
optical illusions (much to large to be actual canals)
Are there canals on mars?
No
12 terms
Ch. 10 Astronomy
Chromosphere
Core
Corona
Coronal Mass Ejection
The middle layer of the sun's atmosphere
The central part of the sun, where nuclear fusion occurs.
The outer layer of the sun's atmosphere.
a large explosion of matter and energy from the Sun
Chromosphere
The middle layer of the sun's atmosphere
Core
The central part of the sun, where nuclear fusion occurs.
Astronomy 10 Test 2 Review
What makes up pluto?
Which planet is most dense?
Which planet is least dense?
Which gases are most common in the Ear…
50% Rock, 50% Ice
Earth
Saturn
#2: Oxygen, #1: Nitrogen
What makes up pluto?
50% Rock, 50% Ice
Which planet is most dense?
Earth
34 terms
Astronomy Ch. 10
atmospheric pressure
bar
greenhouse gases
greenhouse effect
when the atmosphere above any given altitude has some weight…
a measurement for atmospheric pressure
water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4)
when atmospheres make planetary surfaces warmer than they wou…
atmospheric pressure
when the atmosphere above any given altitude has some weight…
bar
a measurement for atmospheric pressure
14 terms
Astronomy Chapter 10
Describe the orbital and rotational ch…
Explain how the Doppler Effect is used…
Describe the surface and atmospheric c…
List the major findings in regards to…
It takes Mercury about 59 Earth days to spin once on its axis…
When light (or waves) scatters off a rotating object, its orb…
Craters: Meteorite impacts with emanating ray features. ... Pla…
The lobate scarps suggest a mostly iron core which cooled qui…
Describe the orbital and rotational ch…
It takes Mercury about 59 Earth days to spin once on its axis…
Explain how the Doppler Effect is used…
When light (or waves) scatters off a rotating object, its orb…
Astronomy C10 Midterm #1
Universe age
Milky way age
Solar system age
Unicellular life age
14 billion
13 billion
4.6bya
3.5bya
Universe age
14 billion
Milky way age
13 billion
132 terms
Astronomy Ch 6-10
How does the sun maintain its energy o…
What is revealed by observing the sun…
Which of the following is true about g…
What are the general trends in tempera…
fusion of hydrogen nuclei
the structure of the chromosphere
They are both due to convection cells in layers below.
The temperature increases and density decreases.
How does the sun maintain its energy o…
fusion of hydrogen nuclei
What is revealed by observing the sun…
the structure of the chromosphere
Astronomy Chapter 10
The space between the stars is called_…
The interstellar medium exists at what…
Interstellar gas exists as what?
____ ____ consists of tiny grains of l…
interstellar medium; gas, dust
Extremely low
atoms and molecules of common elements; H, He, O, N, C, S, Si…
Interstellar dust
The space between the stars is called_…
interstellar medium; gas, dust
The interstellar medium exists at what…
Extremely low
18 terms
Astronomy ch 10
Black body curve
Astrometry
Giants
eclipsing binary
very hot, dense, gas gives off black body radiation... intensity…
measurement of the positions and distances of stars
A large, massive bright star that is some what smaller and fa…
a star system in which one star periodically blocks the light…
Black body curve
very hot, dense, gas gives off black body radiation... intensity…
Astrometry
measurement of the positions and distances of stars
Astronomy Quiz #10
Circumpolar
Birth/Zodiac Sign
What Age are we in?
Asterisms
At 45 degrees
Constellation behind the sun on your birthday
Pisces
Subsets of constellations
Circumpolar
At 45 degrees
Birth/Zodiac Sign
Constellation behind the sun on your birthday
11 terms
Astronomy 10/7/16
Johannes Kepler
Isaac Newton
Speed
Velocity
Laws of Planetary motion 1.) Orbits of planets are ellipses n…
Expanded Galileo work & developed physics of motion by invent…
Rate of motion of an object
Rate and direction of motion of an object
Johannes Kepler
Laws of Planetary motion 1.) Orbits of planets are ellipses n…
Isaac Newton
Expanded Galileo work & developed physics of motion by invent…
64 terms
Astronomy Q10
1995
51 Pegasi
2000
extra-solar existence
when the first extra-solar planet was discovered by Mayor and…
first extra-solar planet orbits this star
number of extra-solar planets detected
inferred from... 1.spectral... 2.luminosity... 3.position of host star
1995
when the first extra-solar planet was discovered by Mayor and…
51 Pegasi
first extra-solar planet orbits this star
128 terms
Astronomy C10 Midterm 2
Early history of SS studies (Greece)
Prograde Motion
Retrograde Motion
Aristotle
The earth was The center of the universe and Spheres with pla…
West to East motion of stars.
The apparent motion of the planets when they appear to move b…
Made a geocentric model involving 7 nested spheres
Early history of SS studies (Greece)
The earth was The center of the universe and Spheres with pla…
Prograde Motion
West to East motion of stars.
Apologia Astronomy Lesson 10
Pandora
Titan
Shepherd Moons
Huygens
One of Saturn's shepherd moons.
Saturn's largest moon. It is close to the size of Mercury.
What we call Saturn's special moons that keep the rings on Sa…
The name of the man that discovered that Saturn's handles wer…
Pandora
One of Saturn's shepherd moons.
Titan
Saturn's largest moon. It is close to the size of Mercury.
69 terms
Astronomy Chapters 6-10
How many stars and planets in our sola…
Jovian planets
Terrestrial planets
Jovian planets are...
1 star (sun) and eight planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Mercury, Earth, Mars, Venus
large and gaseous, far from the sun, rotate quickly, have str…
How many stars and planets in our sola…
1 star (sun) and eight planets
Jovian planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Astronomy Chp 10
Jupiter and Saturn have compositions s…
As depth increases, ____ and ____ incr…
T/F: A giant planet has a solid surfac…
The following steps lead to convection…
gas; ice
temperature; pressure
FALSE
1. a. Gravity pulls particles toward the center.... 2. c. Partic…
Jupiter and Saturn have compositions s…
gas; ice
As depth increases, ____ and ____ incr…
temperature; pressure
20 terms
Astronomy 10-11
Star A appears brighter than star B, a…
Red giants are very bright because the…
The radius of a star can be determined…
Astronomers can distinguish between ma…
False
False
True
False
Star A appears brighter than star B, a…
False
Red giants are very bright because the…
False
52 terms
Astronomy Ch. 10
Describe the features of the Sun's atm…
Describe the three main layers of the…
Name and describe seven features of th…
Describe the three main layers of the…
The features of the Sun that are always present are the granu…
The main layers are the photosphere, chromosphere, and corona…
Seven features of the active Sun are sunspots, plages, flares…
The three main layers are the core where the energy is genera…
Describe the features of the Sun's atm…
The features of the Sun that are always present are the granu…
Describe the three main layers of the…
The main layers are the photosphere, chromosphere, and corona…
47 terms
Unit 10- Astronomy
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescopes
Full range of frequencies and wavelengths for electromagnetic…
Long Wavelength=Low Frequency... Short Wavelength=High Frequency
A telescope that uses convex lenses to gather and focus light…
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to gather and focus lig…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Full range of frequencies and wavelengths for electromagnetic…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Long Wavelength=Low Frequency... Short Wavelength=High Frequency
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