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Study sets matching "astronomy chapter 3"

25 terms
astronomy chapter 3
mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter,…
terrestrial planet
Jovian planet
mercury
planet order
inner solar system, hot to warm, small, no rings, few to no s…
outer solar system, cold to colder, large, rings, many satell…
closest planet to the sun, most of what we know is from space…
mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter,…
planet order
terrestrial planet
inner solar system, hot to warm, small, no rings, few to no s…
17 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
Geocentric
(Stellar) Parallax
Circle
Epicycles
What kind of solar system did the ancient Greeks believe we h…
What could the ancient Greeks not see which influenced their…
The ancient Greeks believed the heavens were perfect. What sh…
What did Ptolemy come up with to explain retrograde motion?
Geocentric
What kind of solar system did the ancient Greeks believe we h…
(Stellar) Parallax
What could the ancient Greeks not see which influenced their…
15 terms
Chapter 3 Astronomy Vocabulary
Solar system
Mercury
Venus
Earth
System made up of the nine unique planets, including Earth, a…
Planet closest to the Sun; has a thin atmosphere with tempera…
Second planet from the Sun; has a dense atmosphere with high…
Third planet from the Sun; its atmosphere protects life and i…
Solar system
System made up of the nine unique planets, including Earth, a…
Mercury
Planet closest to the Sun; has a thin atmosphere with tempera…
Astronomy Chapter 3 Vocabulary
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
core
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
a model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
an oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular
the central region of the sun, where nuclear fusion takes place
geocentric
a model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
heliocentric
a model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
31 terms
Astronomy 116: Vocab (Chapter 3)
absorption line spectrum
astronomical units (AU)... *1.5 x 10^8 km
blackbody radiation
blueshift
dark lines superimposed on a continuous spectrum
the average distance between the Earth and the Sun;150 millio…
a hypothetical perfect radiator that absorbs and reemits all…
a shift of all spectral features toward shorter wavelengths;…
absorption line spectrum
dark lines superimposed on a continuous spectrum
astronomical units (AU)... *1.5 x 10^8 km
the average distance between the Earth and the Sun;150 millio…
10 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
Inertia
Newton's First Law
Newton's Second Law
Newton's Third Law
Founded by Galileo; A body at rest will remain at rest and a…
An object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a strai…
The acceleration of an object is dependent upon two variables…
For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Inertia
Founded by Galileo; A body at rest will remain at rest and a…
Newton's First Law
An object will remain at rest or in uniform motion in a strai…
25 terms
Chapter 3 Astronomy The Solar System
geocentric
heliocentric
solar system
dwarf planet
an Earth centered model of the solar system
a model of the solar system where the Earth & other planets r…
consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and a variety of s…
a object that orbits the sun & has enough gravity to be spher…
geocentric
an Earth centered model of the solar system
heliocentric
a model of the solar system where the Earth & other planets r…
15 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3 telescopes.
Spectrometer
The amount of diffraction depends upon
What problem is adaptive optics design…
Reflection
The instrument that analyzes the colors and temperatures of s…
The wavelength and the diameter of the telescope objective.
The effects of atmospheric turbulence.
the process occurring when photons bounce off a polished surf…
Spectrometer
The instrument that analyzes the colors and temperatures of s…
The amount of diffraction depends upon
The wavelength and the diameter of the telescope objective.
49 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
The Core of the Sun
Nuclear Fusion
The Radiation Zone
Convection Zone
Central region of the sun where enormous amounts of energy ar…
A process where hydrogen atoms join together to form helium
energy produced in the sun's core moves outward through the m…
Outer most layer of the sun's interior
The Core of the Sun
Central region of the sun where enormous amounts of energy ar…
Nuclear Fusion
A process where hydrogen atoms join together to form helium
18 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3 Words
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
core
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
An oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular; the…
The central region of the sun, where nuclear fusion takes pla…
geocentric
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
40 terms
Astronomy: chapter 3
rotation
resolution
what is the time interval for a rotati…
what is the time interval for a resolu…
the turning of the earth on it's disc.
the earth's completing one orbit around the sun.
a day.
a year.
rotation
the turning of the earth on it's disc.
resolution
the earth's completing one orbit around the sun.
11 terms
Astronomy chapter 3
Increasing the temperature of a blackb…
Electromagnetic radiation with a wavel…
X-ray telescopes are located in orbit…
What does the wave phenomenon of diffr…
81
Red light
X-rays don't reach the earth
The wave nature of light
Increasing the temperature of a blackb…
81
Electromagnetic radiation with a wavel…
Red light
26 terms
Astronomy chapter 3 exam review
In the Greek geocentric model, the ret…
Which of the following was NOT a major…
When we say that a planet has a highly…
Earth is closer to the Sun in January…
The planet actually goes backward in its orbit around Earth
It made significantly better predictions of planetary positio…
in some parts of its orbit it is much closer to the Sun than…
Earth travels faster in its orbit around the Sun in January t…
In the Greek geocentric model, the ret…
The planet actually goes backward in its orbit around Earth
Which of the following was NOT a major…
It made significantly better predictions of planetary positio…
33 terms
Astronomy - Chapter 3
constellation
visible light
electromagnetic radiation
wavelength
a pattern of stars in the sky (p94)
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
energy the travels through space in the form of waves (p95)
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
constellation
a pattern of stars in the sky (p94)
visible light
electromagnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided e…
60 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
When did Copernicus live?
He discovered what we now call Newton'…
He discovered that the orbits of plane…
He was the first to prove that comets…
about 500 years ago
Galileo
Kepler
Tycho Brahe
When did Copernicus live?
about 500 years ago
He discovered what we now call Newton'…
Galileo
47 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
As they move through space, the vibrat…
There are no X-ray telescopes on Earth…
Gamma Rays are a type of electromagnet…
Star A has a temperature 1/2 that of s…
True
X-rays don't penetrate Earth's atmosphere
True
Star A is redder and brighter than star B.
As they move through space, the vibrat…
True
There are no X-ray telescopes on Earth…
X-rays don't penetrate Earth's atmosphere
43 terms
Chapter 3 Astronomy
Telescope
Optical Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Primary Mirror
A "light bucket"—a device whose primary function is to captur…
Designed to collect wavelengths visible to the human eye.
A telescope which uses a mirror to gather and focus light fro…
A telescope's main focusing mirror.
Telescope
A "light bucket"—a device whose primary function is to captur…
Optical Telescope
Designed to collect wavelengths visible to the human eye.
47 terms
astronomy chapter 3
a waves velocity is the product of the
the humber of waves passing the observ…
wavelentgh of a curve can be measured…
both sound waves and electromagnetic r…
frequency times the wavelenght v=f (lambda)
the frequency in hertz
from... peak to peak
transfer energy
a waves velocity is the product of the
frequency times the wavelenght v=f (lambda)
the humber of waves passing the observ…
the frequency in hertz
26 terms
Astronomy chapter 3
Rotation (spin)
Revolution (turn)
Ecliptic
The ecliptic
Earth spinning on its axis
Earth revolving around the sun
The apparent path of the sun against the background of stars
Is tipped at 23.4° to the celestial equator
Rotation (spin)
Earth spinning on its axis
Revolution (turn)
Earth revolving around the sun
24 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
Scientific thinking is _________.
The names of the seven days of the wee…
The Metonic cycle is
Ptolemy was important in the history o…
based on everyday ideas of observation and trial-and-error ex…
the seven naked-eye objects that appear to move among the con…
used to keep lunar calendars approximately synchronized with…
developed a model of the solar system that made sufficiently…
Scientific thinking is _________.
based on everyday ideas of observation and trial-and-error ex…
The names of the seven days of the wee…
the seven naked-eye objects that appear to move among the con…
20 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
light-year
parallax
nuclear fusion
nebula
distance light travels in one year
measure distance to "close" stars
a star is "born"
the huge mass of gas and dust that a star comes from
light-year
distance light travels in one year
parallax
measure distance to "close" stars
28 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
core
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and all the planet…
An oval shape, which may be elongated or nearly circular; the…
The central region of the sun, where nuclear fusion takes pla…
geocentric
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and all the planet…
37 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
wavelengths
frequency
speed
speed of light in a vacuum
distance between two crests
# of crests passing an observer per second
wavelength * frequency
~300,000 km/sec
wavelengths
distance between two crests
frequency
# of crests passing an observer per second
32 terms
Astronomy Chapter-3
Saturn's density is so low that the en…
Methane absorbs the red and yellow lig…
Name two of the inner planets.
This planet has no true atmosphere.
True
Uranus and Neptune
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Mercury
Saturn's density is so low that the en…
True
Methane absorbs the red and yellow lig…
Uranus and Neptune
43 terms
Chapter 3 Astronomy
Telescope
Optical Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Primary Mirror
A "light bucket"—a device whose primary function is to captur…
Designed to collect wavelengths visible to the human eye.
A telescope which uses a mirror to gather and focus light fro…
A telescope's main focusing mirror.
Telescope
A "light bucket"—a device whose primary function is to captur…
Optical Telescope
Designed to collect wavelengths visible to the human eye.
41 terms
Chapter 3 Astronomy
strong nuclear, electro-magnetic, weak…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Radiation
electric and magnetic fields
Force from strongest to weakest
transmission of energy through space without physical connect…
is any way in which energy is transmitted through space from…
Electromagnetic means the energy is carried in the form of ra…
strong nuclear, electro-magnetic, weak…
Force from strongest to weakest
Electromagnetic Radiation
transmission of energy through space without physical connect…
Astronomy Chapter 3 Vocab
Lunar Phase Cycle
Sidereal Period
Lunar Eclipse
Umbra
The appearance of the moon from Earth in terms of which porti…
The period of rotation or revolution of an astronomical body…
The darkening of the moon when it moves through Earth's shadow.
The region of a shadow that is totally shaded.
Lunar Phase Cycle
The appearance of the moon from Earth in terms of which porti…
Sidereal Period
The period of rotation or revolution of an astronomical body…
14 terms
Astronomy chapter 3
Solar system
Earth
Mars
Mercury
System of planets, including Earth and other objects that orb…
3rd planet from the sun with temperatures that allow water to…
4th planet from the sun; has a polar ice caps and a reddish a…
Closest planet from the sun and has no true atmosphere and ha…
Solar system
System of planets, including Earth and other objects that orb…
Earth
3rd planet from the sun with temperatures that allow water to…
50 terms
Astronomy Today- Chapter 3 Radiation IASD
Visible Light
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wave
Period
The small range of the electromagnetic spectrum that human ey…
Another term for light; transfers energy and info from one pl…
A pattern that repeats itself cyclically in both time and space
The time needed for an orbiting body to complete one revoluti…
Visible Light
The small range of the electromagnetic spectrum that human ey…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Another term for light; transfers energy and info from one pl…
20 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
Astronomy
Sundials
Roots of modern science
3 major innovations of the Greeks
Oldest science, originally used to keep the time.
Shadows used to tell time
Greeks
1. Developed the tradition of understanding nature without su…
Astronomy
Oldest science, originally used to keep the time.
Sundials
Shadows used to tell time
19 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
sundials
position of the moon and constellations
sand or water
Plato
used to tell time during the day
used to tell time at night
What were the first clocks made with?
asserted that heavenly motion must be perfect circles
sundials
used to tell time during the day
position of the moon and constellations
used to tell time at night
18 terms
Astronomy chapter 3
Geocentric
Retrograde motion
Epicycle
Heliocentric
Earth centered
Planets stop their eastward motion, move westward across the…
Ptolemy's explanation for the planets retrograde motion, a sm…
Sun centered
Geocentric
Earth centered
Retrograde motion
Planets stop their eastward motion, move westward across the…
15 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
lunar phase
synchronous rotation
sidereal month
synodic month
the appearance of the illuminated area of the moon as seen fr…
the rotation of a body with a period equal to its orbital per…
the time it takes to complete one full orbit of Earth, as mea…
the time it takes the moon to complete one cycle of phases an…
lunar phase
the appearance of the illuminated area of the moon as seen fr…
synchronous rotation
the rotation of a body with a period equal to its orbital per…
22 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3 Vocab
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Experiment
Theory
...
...
...
...
Scientific Method
...
Hypothesis
...
50 terms
Astronomy Today- Chapter 3 Radiation
Visible Light
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wave
Period
The small range of the electromagnetic spectrum that human ey…
Another term for light; transfers energy and info from one pl…
A pattern that repeats itself cyclically in both time and space
The time needed for an orbiting body to complete one revoluti…
Visible Light
The small range of the electromagnetic spectrum that human ey…
Electromagnetic Radiation
Another term for light; transfers energy and info from one pl…
22 terms
Astronomy chapter 3
Inner Planets
Outer Planets
Mercury
Venus
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
The smallest planet ... Closest to the sun ... No moons ... Biggest ra…
Similar to Earth in size and density "Earths twin" ... Very thic…
Inner Planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Outer Planets
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
8 terms
Astronomy chapter 3
Ancient people.of central Africa could…
Copernican revolution
Aristarchus of Samos
Ptolemy
How is modern science rooted in ancient astronomy?
Proposed sun centered model. Heliocentric model said sun is c…
Proposed alternative heliocentric model showing how far sun was
Model contained epicycles. 47 offset spheres to explain motio…
Ancient people.of central Africa could…
How is modern science rooted in ancient astronomy?
Copernican revolution
Proposed sun centered model. Heliocentric model said sun is c…
Astronomy Chapter 3
When light passes through a prism of g…
In 1801, Thomas Young performed a cruc…
In the 1860s, James Clerk Maxwell carr…
10^-9 m
refraction changes the directions of different colors or wave…
demonstrated the wave nature of light by passing light throug…
proved mathematically that light could be described by oscill…
1 nanometer (nm) is
When light passes through a prism of g…
refraction changes the directions of different colors or wave…
In 1801, Thomas Young performed a cruc…
demonstrated the wave nature of light by passing light throug…
30 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
Egyptians
month
year
day
ancient culture that used star clocks cataloging where partic…
length of this comes from the Moon's cycle of phases
length of this is based on the cycle of seasons which is dete…
length is based on the time it takes the Sun to make one full…
Egyptians
ancient culture that used star clocks cataloging where partic…
month
length of this comes from the Moon's cycle of phases
29 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
Constellation
Visible light
Electromagnetic radiation
Wave length
A pattern of stars in the sky
Electro magnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided…
Energy that travels through space in the form of waves
The distance between the crest of one wave in the crest of th…
Constellation
A pattern of stars in the sky
Visible light
Electro magnetic radiation that can be seen with the unaided…
Astronomy Chapter 3
lunar phase cycle
lunar eclipse
umbra
penumbra
the changing appearance of the moon as it revolves around the…
can occur at full moon if the moons path carries it through,…
the region of a shadow that is totally shaded
the portion of a shadow that is only partialy shaded
lunar phase cycle
the changing appearance of the moon as it revolves around the…
lunar eclipse
can occur at full moon if the moons path carries it through,…
16 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3 Vocabulary
scientific model
Geocentric model
Ptolemaic Model
Copernican Revolution
is a conceptual representation created to explain and predict…
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
model of the universe with the earth in the center and planet…
the story of the origin of modern science
scientific model
is a conceptual representation created to explain and predict…
Geocentric model
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
29 terms
Foundations of Astronomy Chapter 3
lunar phase cycle
sidereal period
synodic period
lunar eclipse
the appearance of the Moon from Earth in terms of which porti…
the period of rotation or revolution of an astronomical body…
the period of rotation or revolution of a celestial body with…
the darkening of the Moon when it moves through Earth's shadow
lunar phase cycle
the appearance of the Moon from Earth in terms of which porti…
sidereal period
the period of rotation or revolution of an astronomical body…
53 terms
Astronomy 1401 Chapter 3
Days of the week were named for the __…
What is the sun's... Teutonic name... Englis…
What is the Moon's ... Teutonic name... Engl…
What is Mar's... Teutonic name... English... Fr…
Sun, Moon and visible planets
Sun... Sunday... Dimanche... Domingo
Moon... Monday... Lundi... Lunes
Tiw... Tuesday... Mardi... Martes
Days of the week were named for the __…
Sun, Moon and visible planets
What is the sun's... Teutonic name... Englis…
Sun... Sunday... Dimanche... Domingo
74 terms
Astronomy - Chapter 3
Define Rotation
Define Revolution
Define ecliptic
Define evening star
The turning of a body on its axis
The motion of a body around a point outside of the body
The apparent path of the sun against the background of stars
Any planet visible in the evening sky
Define Rotation
The turning of a body on its axis
Define Revolution
The motion of a body around a point outside of the body
21 terms
Astronomy-Chapter 3
Galilean Moons
Full (phase)
Gibbous (phase)
Crescent (phase)
The four natural satellites of Jupiter that were discovered b…
The phase of a celestial object when the entire sunlit hemisp…
The phase of a celestial object when between half and all of…
The phase of a celestial object when less than half of its su…
Galilean Moons
The four natural satellites of Jupiter that were discovered b…
Full (phase)
The phase of a celestial object when the entire sunlit hemisp…
64 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
In central Nigeria, local people used…
Our year is based off of _____
Seven planets of the week were names a…
The word planet comes from a greek wor…
horns of the waxing crescent
the cycle of the seasons
Sun... Moon... Mars... Mercury... Jupiter... Venus... Saturn
wanderer
In central Nigeria, local people used…
horns of the waxing crescent
Our year is based off of _____
the cycle of the seasons
12 terms
Astronomy chapter 3
Geocentric model
Ptolemaic model
Copernican revolution
ellipse
any of the ancient greek models that were used to predict pla…
the geocentric model of the universe developed by ptolemy in…
the dramatic change, initiated by Copernicus, that occurred w…
a type of oval that happens to be the shape of bound orbits.
Geocentric model
any of the ancient greek models that were used to predict pla…
Ptolemaic model
the geocentric model of the universe developed by ptolemy in…
29 terms
Investigating Astronomy- Slater Chapter 3
retrograde motion
ptolemic model
copernicus model
elongation
periods when planets appear to move backwards, or westward
each planet is assumed to move in a small circle, whose cente…
sun-centered model and explained planetary positions
the angle between the sun and a planet as viewed from Earth
retrograde motion
periods when planets appear to move backwards, or westward
ptolemic model
each planet is assumed to move in a small circle, whose cente…
23 terms
Astronomy Chapter 3
rotation
revolution
ecliptic
evening star
turning of a body on its axis
motion of a body around a point outside the body
path of the run against the background of stars
any planet visible in the evening sky
rotation
turning of a body on its axis
revolution
motion of a body around a point outside the body
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