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Study sets matching "astronomy earth stars"

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Study sets matching "astronomy earth stars"

21 terms
Astronomy - Earth, Moon, and Stars
Rotating on an axis, the earth on it's…
When the earth is between the moon and…
The earth is closest to the sun
the tilt of the earth's axis
Rotation
Lunar eclipse
Perihelion
Inclination
Rotating on an axis, the earth on it's…
Rotation
When the earth is between the moon and…
Lunar eclipse
12 terms
Astronomy - Earth, Moon, Sun, and Stars
astronomy
atmosphere
Earth
Moon
the scientific study of the universe and the objects in it
the blanket of air surrounding a planet, star, or moon
The 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on
Earth's only natural satellite
astronomy
the scientific study of the universe and the objects in it
atmosphere
the blanket of air surrounding a planet, star, or moon
Astronomy. The study of the Earth,Moon, and stars
Earth's axis.
Rotation
Revolution
Orbit
The imaginary line passing through the Earth's center & the N…
The spinning motian of a planet about its axis
One object moving around another
...
Earth's axis.
The imaginary line passing through the Earth's center & the N…
Rotation
The spinning motian of a planet about its axis
Adv. Earth Science- Astronomy Unit 2- Stars
Spectroscope
Galaxy
Constellation
Absolute Magnitude
Tool that separates light into a spectrum mainly used to figu…
A system of billions of stars, together with gas and dust, he…
Noticeable pattern of stars in the night sky (ones that are a…
The actual brightness of a star
Spectroscope
Tool that separates light into a spectrum mainly used to figu…
Galaxy
A system of billions of stars, together with gas and dust, he…
26 terms
Astronomy "Stars and Galaxies"
Constellations
Circumpolar Constellations
Parsec
Apparent Magnitude
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
These constellations are visible all year long because of the…
Also known as a "parallax second" it is a unit of distance re…
The apparent brightness of a star as observed from the Earth.
Constellations
A group of stars that forms a shape or pattern.
Circumpolar Constellations
These constellations are visible all year long because of the…
32 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
27 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Light Year
Luminosity
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
How bright a star appears from Earth.
The distance light can travel in one year (about 9.4 trillion…
The amount light a star radiates. Also called absolute magnit…
Absolute Magnitude
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
Apparent Magnitude
How bright a star appears from Earth.
26 terms
Astronomy (Stars)
auroras
Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram
life cycle of small stars
life cycle of large stars
The northern and southern lights; The result of high-energy c…
a plot of the intrinsic brightness versus the surface tempera…
The star is born when a balance of forces exists and the temp…
The star is born when a balance of forces exists and the temp…
auroras
The northern and southern lights; The result of high-energy c…
Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram
a plot of the intrinsic brightness versus the surface tempera…
23 terms
Astronomy - Planets & Stars
binary star
constellation
cosmology
radio galaxy
Describes two stars that are bound together by gravity and or…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
The study of the universe, including its current nature, orig…
Very bright, often giant, elliptical galaxy that emits as muc…
binary star
Describes two stars that are bound together by gravity and or…
constellation
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky
8 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Betelgeuse
Rigel
Sun
HR Diagram
red star that is the left shoulder of the constellation Orion
blue star that is the right foot of the constellation Orion
a yellow and average size star
graph showing relationship between a star's surface, temperat…
Betelgeuse
red star that is the left shoulder of the constellation Orion
Rigel
blue star that is the right foot of the constellation Orion
31 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Constellation
Binary Star
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
the distance light travels in a year, 9.5 trillion kilometers
brightness of star when viewed from earth
Constellation
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
Binary Star
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
10 terms
Astronomy Stars
Star(s) for Little Dipper
Star(s) for Bootes
Star(s) for Virgo
Star(s) for Leo
Star(s) for Little Dipper
Star(s) for Bootes
Astronomy: Stars
Absolute Magnitude
Apparent Magnitude
Light Year
Luminosity
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
How bright a star appears from Earth.
The distance light can travel in one year (about 9.4 trillion…
The amount light a star radiates. Also called absolute magnit…
Absolute Magnitude
The actual amount of light (radiation) a star emits. Also cal…
Apparent Magnitude
How bright a star appears from Earth.
34 terms
ASTRONOMY STARS
Polaris
Kochab
Mizar (multiple star system)
Arcturus (Color Triangle)
Ursa Minor (Cephid variable)
Ursa Minor
Ursa Major
Bootes
Polaris
Ursa Minor (Cephid variable)
Kochab
Ursa Minor
30 terms
Astronomy Stars
Orion
Gemini
Canis Major
Pegasus
Orion
Gemini
20 terms
Astronomy Stars
Dwarf & Giants
Areas of HR Diagram
Temperature
Brightness VS. Distance
D: usually in its dying phase... smaller... main sequence... dimmer... no…
Luminosity: brightness increases as the graph goes up... Spectra…
Blue------> Red {color}... Hot------->Cold {temp}... Backwards on H…
The closer the star the brighter it can be,... the farther away…
Dwarf & Giants
D: usually in its dying phase... smaller... main sequence... dimmer... no…
Areas of HR Diagram
Luminosity: brightness increases as the graph goes up... Spectra…
13 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Stellar Evolution
Nebula
Protostar
Main Sequence Star
The life cycle of a star from creation through its changes wh…
A celestial cloud of dust and gases where stars come from
Large mass of gases that can build up heat and pressure until…
First stage of a stars life cycle, stars are growing in size…
Stellar Evolution
The life cycle of a star from creation through its changes wh…
Nebula
A celestial cloud of dust and gases where stars come from
11 terms
Stars of Astronomy
Hipparchus
Albert Einstein
Hubble
Charles Messier
Calculated how far away the moon... was from the earth.
Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity.
He saw galaxies moving away from us.
published an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and…
Hipparchus
Calculated how far away the moon... was from the earth.
Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity.
33 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
32 terms
Astronomy stars
Ursa Major
Delphinus
Corona Borealis
Draco
Alcor, Mizar, Dubhe
Sualocin
Alphecca
Thuban
Ursa Major
Alcor, Mizar, Dubhe
Delphinus
Sualocin
75 terms
Astronomy Stars
Average solar temperature
Where sun emits radiation
Suns lower atmosphere
Region on top of photosphere where tem…
Effective temperature
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Tradition zone
Average solar temperature
Effective temperature
Where sun emits radiation
Photosphere
35 terms
Astronomy(stars)
White dwarf
Luminosity
Spiral
H-R diagram
Star the size of a planet
Brightness of a celestial object(star,planet)
Something that winds in a gradual turn continuously
Scatter graph of stars that shows the relationship between th…
White dwarf
Star the size of a planet
Luminosity
Brightness of a celestial object(star,planet)
24 terms
Astronomy Stars
Sirius
Arcturus
Vega
Capella A
8.6ly/-1.46
37ly/-.04 (varies)
25ly/.03
42ly/0.08
Sirius
8.6ly/-1.46
Arcturus
37ly/-.04 (varies)
115 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Seven Properties of a Star
Luminosity and Brightness
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Luminosity ... Temperature... Distance... Composition ... Radius ... Mass... Ra…
How Bright a star is can be measured 3 ways
Is how bright a star appears to us on earth
Is how bright a star would be if it was at a standard distanc…
Seven Properties of a Star
Luminosity ... Temperature... Distance... Composition ... Radius ... Mass... Ra…
Luminosity and Brightness
How Bright a star is can be measured 3 ways
astronomy- stars
1 parsec=____light years
from hottest to coolest, the order of…
our sun is a star of spectral type ____
we can only measure the masses of star…
3.26
OBAFGKM
G
they are in a binary star system (Using Kepler's Third Law)
1 parsec=____light years
3.26
from hottest to coolest, the order of…
OBAFGKM
96 terms
Astronomy, Planets, Earths Motion, Life of the Stars, Cellular respiration, Heredity and genetics
Orbit
Order of the 8 planets from the sun
Meteor
Comet
One complete path around another object
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
(Flash of light) observed frim objects coming through, the at…
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
Orbit
One complete path around another object
Order of the 8 planets from the sun
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Astronomy - Stars
protostar
white dwarf
neutron star
pulsar
nebula is collapsing, cloud and dust being pulled together by…
when a star runs out of nuclear fuel, gravity takes over and…
large star, massive star can end its life, creates more neurons
neutron start spinning fast and has a magnetic field
protostar
nebula is collapsing, cloud and dust being pulled together by…
white dwarf
when a star runs out of nuclear fuel, gravity takes over and…
33 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies
celestial sphere
constellations
celestial sphere rotation
rotation
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
changes hourly
(24 hours) ... 360 degrees in 24 hours=15 degrees per hour.
celestial sphere
an imaginary dome on which all objects of the nighttime sky a…
constellations
groups of stars making patterns on the celestial sphere. Ther…
62 terms
Astronomy: Stars
Nuclear Fusion
Prominence
Solar Flare
Sunspots
The sun's energy comes from the process called _?_.
Loops of gas that often connect sunspots.
Sudden release of magnetic energy that has built up in the so…
Where cooler areas appear darker are called _?_.
Nuclear Fusion
The sun's energy comes from the process called _?_.
Prominence
Loops of gas that often connect sunspots.
11 terms
Astronomy LT 8: Stars
Nebula
Protostar
Main phase star
Red Giant
A giant cluster of gas and dust in space.
A 'baby star' that is being formed out of a nebula
A star like our own Sun. Most stars are in this phase of thei…
An old star that swells into an enormous size as it burns hea…
Nebula
A giant cluster of gas and dust in space.
Protostar
A 'baby star' that is being formed out of a nebula
48 terms
Astronomy (Stars)
the stages of development and duration…
a diagram that shows the relationships…
a huge cloud of dust and gases; conden…
is our most current explanation how th…
stellar evolution
H-R diagram
nebula
solar nebular theory
the stages of development and duration…
stellar evolution
a diagram that shows the relationships…
H-R diagram
25 terms
Astronomy Stars
Aquila
Orion (Top)
Orion (Bottum)
Signes
Altair
Betelgeuse
Rigel
Dneb
Aquila
Altair
Orion (Top)
Betelgeuse
15 terms
Astronomy stars
Leo
Gemini
Canis minor
Auriga
Regulus
Castor, pollux
Procyan
Capella
Leo
Regulus
Gemini
Castor, pollux
40 terms
Astronomy; Stars & Star Formation
interstellar meduim
nebula
protostar
accretion
The gas and dust that exists in open space between the stars.
A large cloud of dust and gas in space.
Dense regions of molecular clouds where stars are forming.
Process of particles sticking together to form larger bodies.
interstellar meduim
The gas and dust that exists in open space between the stars.
nebula
A large cloud of dust and gas in space.
16 terms
Astronomy stars
Nebula
Protostar
Fusion
Pulsar
A large cloud of gas and dust
center of the nebula begins to heat up and glow as a result o…
Pressure is great from increase in center core which results…
Intense emission of radiation from the magnetic poles of a ne…
Nebula
A large cloud of gas and dust
Protostar
center of the nebula begins to heat up and glow as a result o…
16 terms
Astronomy- Stars
Star
Apparent magnitude
Luminosity
Absolute magnitude
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits lig…
The birghtness of a star as seen from Earth.
The actual brightness of an object such as a star.
A measure of how bright a star would be if it were seen from…
Star
A large celestial body that is composed of gas that emits lig…
Apparent magnitude
The birghtness of a star as seen from Earth.
18 terms
Astronomy-stars and star formation
Parsec
Apparent brightness
Absolute Brightness
Luminosity
slightly more than three light years
...
...
...
Parsec
slightly more than three light years
Apparent brightness
...
73 terms
Astronomy quiz cards, Genetics and heredity, Reproduction, Stars and sun, Earths motions
Asteroid belt
Kuiper belt
Metorite
Plutoids
Small rocky objects orbiting between Mars and Jupiter
The area outside the planets containing icy objects like come…
A fragment of rock or iron that has landed on planet from out…
Dwarf in the kuiper belt
Asteroid belt
Small rocky objects orbiting between Mars and Jupiter
Kuiper belt
The area outside the planets containing icy objects like come…
10 terms
Astronomy: Stars and Galaxies vocab
constellation
light year
luminosity
nuclear fusion
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
The distance light travels in one year
The brightness of an object (stars are brighter than planets/…
A process that occurs when the nuclei of several atoms combin…
constellation
a group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
light year
The distance light travels in one year
32 terms
Astronomy Stars
Sirius
Arcturus
Vega
Capella
Canis Major... White
Bootes... Orange Giant
Lyra the harpe... White
Auriga the charioteer... double yellow
Sirius
Canis Major... White
Arcturus
Bootes... Orange Giant
15 terms
Astronomy stars
Lyra
Cancer
Canis Major
Virgo
Vega
Beehive
Sirius
Spica
Lyra
Vega
Cancer
Beehive
42 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Constellation
Binary Star
Light-Year
Apparent Magnitude
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
the distance light travels in a year, 9.5 trillion kilometers
brightness of star when viewed from earth
Constellation
a group of stars named for mythical creatures
Binary Star
one of two stars revolving around a common center of mass und…
10 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Speed of light
All the energies of the electromagneti…
Red shift
The Big Bang
Frequency x wavelength; as wavelength increases frequency dec…
...at the same speed(the speed of light)
An indication that the star is moving away from us (Doppler e…
The beginning of the universe (13-15 billion years ago)
Speed of light
Frequency x wavelength; as wavelength increases frequency dec…
All the energies of the electromagneti…
...at the same speed(the speed of light)
20 terms
astronomy/stars
spiral galaxy
nebula
absolute magnitude
geocentric
has a core and spiral arms
could of dust and gas
star's brightness
earth centered model
spiral galaxy
has a core and spiral arms
nebula
could of dust and gas
59 terms
astronomy: stars
star closest to solar system
brightest star
apparent magnitude
how light spreads over distance
proxima centauri
sirius
m: how bright a star appears to be. bigger number, less bright
twice as far means 1/4 as bright
star closest to solar system
proxima centauri
brightest star
sirius
60 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Luminosity
Flux
Apparent Magnitude
Absolute Magnitude
Entire light output of a star, measured in Watts - not measur…
A linear measurement of the brightness of a star, in units of…
The brightness of a star as it looks in the night sky
True brightness of an object based on logarithmic scale, repr…
Luminosity
Entire light output of a star, measured in Watts - not measur…
Flux
A linear measurement of the brightness of a star, in units of…
16 terms
Astronomy stars
Aldebaran
Altair
Anteres
Arcturus
Taurus
Aquilla
Scorpius
Boötes
Aldebaran
Taurus
Altair
Aquilla
12 terms
Astronomy - Stars
Alpha Centauri
Alpha Centauri - Sky Location
Canopus
Canopus - Sky Location
Closest Visible Star To Solar System... 3rd Brightest Star In Sk…
Southern Hemisphere... Centaurus Constellation... Next To Southern…
2nd Brightest Star in the sky.... Supergiant... 310 ly ± 20 ly
Southern Hemisphere... Nearish to Sirius and Canis Major
Alpha Centauri
Closest Visible Star To Solar System... 3rd Brightest Star In Sk…
Alpha Centauri - Sky Location
Southern Hemisphere... Centaurus Constellation... Next To Southern…
13 terms
stars- astronomy
temperature, magnetic fields, rotation…
sun
99.99
yellow dwarf
stars formation
all energy comes from here
our star makes up _____% of all mass in solar system
our sun is a ___________
temperature, magnetic fields, rotation…
stars formation
sun
all energy comes from here
35 terms
Astronomy: stars
Constellation
Binary star
Light year
Apparent magnitude
Grouping of stars
Two stars that appear to be together
Distance light travels in a year- 9.5 trillion km a year
Brightest star appears to look from earth
Constellation
Grouping of stars
Binary star
Two stars that appear to be together
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