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Study sets matching "astronomy history quiz 1"

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Study sets matching "astronomy history quiz 1"

19 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1: History and Astronomers
Galileo
Brahe
Copernicus
Newton
First observed 4 of the moons of Jupiter through a telescope.
Made detailed observations that helped his apprentice uncover…
Developed a heliocentric model of the universe.
Discovered the law of Universal Gravitation.
Galileo
First observed 4 of the moons of Jupiter through a telescope.
Brahe
Made detailed observations that helped his apprentice uncover…
29 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
asteroid belt
astronomical unit
dwarf planet
nuclear fusiopn
region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and Jup…
distance equal to the average distance between Earth and sun,…
an object that orbits the sun an is spherical, but not cleare…
process in which two atomic nuclei combine to form a large nu…
asteroid belt
region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and Jup…
astronomical unit
distance equal to the average distance between Earth and sun,…
8 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Sphere
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Cryosphere
a ball shape with all points on the surface at an equal dista…
a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body,…
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas
is the frozen water part of the Earth system. This includes f…
Sphere
a ball shape with all points on the surface at an equal dista…
Atmosphere
a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body,…
45 terms
Astronomy Vocab quiz 1
Angle
Angular diameter
Arc Angle
Asterism
The opening between two straight lines that meet a point
The arc angles across an object
Opening between two straight lines that meet a point
Patterns of bright starts in any event
Angle
The opening between two straight lines that meet a point
Angular diameter
The arc angles across an object
18 terms
Stars, Astronomy - Quiz 1
spherical aberration
chromatic aberration
concave/convex
the light spectrum
an optical property whereby different portions of a spherical…
an optical aberration in which the image has colored fringes
curving inward/curving outward
radio, micro, IR, visible, UV, xray, gamma
spherical aberration
an optical property whereby different portions of a spherical…
chromatic aberration
an optical aberration in which the image has colored fringes
21 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
1 normal day
1 solar day
1 sidereal day
Which is longer - A solar day or a sid…
Time it takes for the earth to fully rotate once.
Time it takes for the earth to rotate once relative to the sun.
Time it takes for the earth to rotate relative to the stars,…
A solar day is longer by about 4 minutes.
1 normal day
Time it takes for the earth to fully rotate once.
1 solar day
Time it takes for the earth to rotate once relative to the sun.
10 terms
Unit 2: Quiz 1 History of Astronomy
Astronomy
Isaac Newton
Purpose of Astronomy
Ancient Astronomy
the branch of science that tries to know about objects outsid…
Newton used the ideas of Copernicus, Galileo, and others and…
tool for agriculture, religion, divination and telling time s…
These observations were useful in making calendars, which hel…
Astronomy
the branch of science that tries to know about objects outsid…
Isaac Newton
Newton used the ideas of Copernicus, Galileo, and others and…
6 terms
Astronomy quiz 1
Azimuth
Jovial
Perihelion
Revolution
Angular distance along the horizon from North 0 degrees movin…
Gas giants, which include Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
Point in orbit when a planet is closest to the sun and is mov…
The orbiting of one celestial body around another celestial b…
Azimuth
Angular distance along the horizon from North 0 degrees movin…
Jovial
Gas giants, which include Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune
30 terms
History of Astronomy
Retrograde Motion
Aristotle
Ptolemy
Copernicus
When a planet goes from moving West to East, to East to West…
Geocentric--Considered final voice until Galileo--elliptical…
Geocentric Model--epicycles--elliptical--Algamest
Heliocentric model--Circular orbits--perfect circles--epicycles
Retrograde Motion
When a planet goes from moving West to East, to East to West…
Aristotle
Geocentric--Considered final voice until Galileo--elliptical…
141 terms
Astronomy quiz 1
Proxima Centauri
Distance from Earth to Proxima Centauri
speed of light
distance from Earth to Moon
Star closest to the Earth, other than the sun
4.3 LY
3 x 10^5 km/s... 1 light second
1.28 light seconds
Proxima Centauri
Star closest to the Earth, other than the sun
Distance from Earth to Proxima Centauri
4.3 LY
69 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Sun
Proxima Centauri
Speed of light
Distance between earth and moon
-Ball of gas... ~6000* F, ... -heavy... -holds solar system in place…
-Closest star to sun... -very far away... - 4 LY away from Earth
300,000 km/s = light second
1 light second
Sun
-Ball of gas... ~6000* F, ... -heavy... -holds solar system in place…
Proxima Centauri
-Closest star to sun... -very far away... - 4 LY away from Earth
20 terms
HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY
CONSTELLATION
STONEHENGE
HEEL STONE
SUMMER SOLSTICE
Group of stars that form a pattern in the sky.... There are 88 c…
Ancient astrological observatory in Salisbury Plain, England,…
At Stonehenge, the stone marking summer solstice
June 21st, day with most hours of sunlight and fewest hours o…
CONSTELLATION
Group of stars that form a pattern in the sky.... There are 88 c…
STONEHENGE
Ancient astrological observatory in Salisbury Plain, England,…
Astronomy Quiz 1
Arc Minute
One Arc Second=
Arc Degree
Parsec
a unit of angular measurement equal to 1/60 of one degree
1/1800 full moon
is a unit of angular measurement equal to one-sixtieth (160)…
a unit of distance used in astronomy, equal to about 3.26 lig…
Arc Minute
a unit of angular measurement equal to 1/60 of one degree
One Arc Second=
1/1800 full moon
21 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
What's the center of our Solar System.
How old is the Earth estimated to be?…
Structurally similar to Earth
The 3 most massive things in our solar…
The Earth
4.6 billion years old
Venus
Hydrogen (the lightest gas)
What's the center of our Solar System.
The Earth
How old is the Earth estimated to be?…
4.6 billion years old
18 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
What are the latitude lines in our cel…
What are the longitude lines in our ce…
Right ascension is measured in ________
In right ascension ... 24 hours = ______…
Declination (Dec)
Right Ascension (RA)
hours
360 degrees... 15 degrees
What are the latitude lines in our cel…
Declination (Dec)
What are the longitude lines in our ce…
Right Ascension (RA)
27 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
the name of the group of stars in whic…
the name of the configuration in which…
maximum value of elongation for uranus
the general direction in which the pla…
zodiac constellations
opposition
180 degrees
west to east
the name of the group of stars in whic…
zodiac constellations
the name of the configuration in which…
opposition
47 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1&2
lightyear
constellations
1 AU =
astronomical unit (AU)
the distance light can travel in one year
arbitrary patterns of stars in the sky
150 million km
a unit of measurement used in space
lightyear
the distance light can travel in one year
constellations
arbitrary patterns of stars in the sky
20 terms
HISTORY OF ASTRONOMY
CONSTELLATION
STONEHENGE
HEEL STONE
SUMMER SOLSTICE
Group of stars that form a pattern in the sky.... There are 88 c…
Ancient astrological observatory in Salisbury Plain, England,…
At Stonehenge, the stone marking summer solstice
June 21st, day with most hours of sunlight and fewest hours o…
CONSTELLATION
Group of stars that form a pattern in the sky.... There are 88 c…
STONEHENGE
Ancient astrological observatory in Salisbury Plain, England,…
114 terms
Astronomy: Quiz 1, Chapter 5
The energy that light carries is called
The three basic categories of energy
Measure energy is units called
The rate of energy flow is called
Radiative energy
1) radiative energy... 2) potential energy... 3) kinetic energy
Joules
Power
The energy that light carries is called
Radiative energy
The three basic categories of energy
1) radiative energy... 2) potential energy... 3) kinetic energy
139 terms
Astronomy 1210 Quiz 1
The Sun
Planet
Moon
Proxima Centauri
Large ball of gas that generates heat through nuclear fusion.…
Large objects that orbit stars. Shine by reflected light. Can…
Object that orbits a planet. Asteriod-a ROCKY object that orb…
Closest star to earth
The Sun
Large ball of gas that generates heat through nuclear fusion.…
Planet
Large objects that orbit stars. Shine by reflected light. Can…
11 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Momentum
Angular Momentum
Force
Energy
(vector) conserved which maintains constant velocity
(vector) conserved which maintains rotation
(vector) push or pull
(non vector) potential to perform work
Momentum
(vector) conserved which maintains constant velocity
Angular Momentum
(vector) conserved which maintains rotation
23 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Diurnal Rotation
Celestial Sphere
Circumpolar
Two
Trend of the earth's rotation
the concept that is useful for understanding the positions an…
constellations that are close enough to the celestial poles t…
Stars rise ____ hours earlier each month.
Diurnal Rotation
Trend of the earth's rotation
Celestial Sphere
the concept that is useful for understanding the positions an…
14 terms
Astronomy: Section 1: The History of Astronomy
Nicolaus Copernicus
What did Copernicus first suggest
Galileo Galilei
What did Galileo lay the groundwork for
Polish astronomer
sun was center of solar system, put six known planets in prop…
Italian scientist, greatest contributions were his descriptio…
study of gravity
Nicolaus Copernicus
Polish astronomer
What did Copernicus first suggest
sun was center of solar system, put six known planets in prop…
42 terms
Astronomy, Quiz 1; Chapter 10
A layer of gas that surrounds our world
Collisions of individual atoms creates…
About 2/3 of the air in our atmosphere…
Measurement of pressure
Atmosphere
Pressure
10 km
Bar (equal to Earth's atmosphere at sea level or, 14.7 lbs pe…
A layer of gas that surrounds our world
Atmosphere
Collisions of individual atoms creates…
Pressure
Astronomy 20 Quiz 1
Light Year
Astronomical Unit
The seasons we experience on Earth are…
Apparent Magnitude
Distance light can travel in a vacuum in one year.
The average distance from Earth to the sun.
The tilt of the Earth's spin axis with respect to the Earth's…
The objects brightness as seen from Earth. A visual magnitude…
Light Year
Distance light can travel in a vacuum in one year.
Astronomical Unit
The average distance from Earth to the sun.
39 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1 Study Guide
What is science?
what is scientific theory?
What is the place of astronomy in the…
What units do we use to measure mass,…
the search for knowledge that can be used to explain or predi…
a model of some aspect of nature that has been rigorously tes…
...
...
What is science?
the search for knowledge that can be used to explain or predi…
what is scientific theory?
a model of some aspect of nature that has been rigorously tes…
41 terms
AstronomyQuiz#1
singularity
event horizon
tidal gravitational force
Newton's Theory of Gravity
a point in which matter is infinitely dense, as in the center…
the location around a black hole where the escape velocity eq…
...
...
singularity
a point in which matter is infinitely dense, as in the center…
event horizon
the location around a black hole where the escape velocity eq…
55 terms
Astronomy quiz 1
Angles
Declination
Right Ascension
Celestial Equator
360 degrees, 60 arcminutes, 60 arcseconds. ... angle is length o…
Angle up or down from celestial equator
Angle from celestial meridian
Earth's equator
Angles
360 degrees, 60 arcminutes, 60 arcseconds. ... angle is length o…
Declination
Angle up or down from celestial equator
43 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Instruments
Methods
Naked eye observing
Geocentric
Binoculars, telescope, camera, spectrometer
With instruments and without instruments (naked eye observing)
Look for patterns, use maps, sky gazer, sky markers
Earth is at the center of the model.
Instruments
Binoculars, telescope, camera, spectrometer
Methods
With instruments and without instruments (naked eye observing)
24 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Angular size of moon
1 degree
Parsec
Sun and Earth age
30 degrees
60 arcminutes
3.26 Light years
4.6 billion years old
Angular size of moon
30 degrees
1 degree
60 arcminutes
15 terms
astronomy quiz 1
earth diameter
earth moon distance
sin diameter
earth-sun distance
.05 light seconds
1 light second
5 light seconds
500 light seconds/8 light minutes
earth diameter
.05 light seconds
earth moon distance
1 light second
19 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Eclliptic
Equator
Celestial Equator
Horizon
imaginary line that is apparent path of sun, moon, planets, a…
lintersection of the surface of a rotating sphere with the pl…
imaginary line over Earth's equator
rim on the circular maps
Eclliptic
imaginary line that is apparent path of sun, moon, planets, a…
Equator
lintersection of the surface of a rotating sphere with the pl…
87 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
What is the order of the planets?
What is the moon cycle?
If the sun were was large as a grapefr…
A large, glowing ball of gas that gene…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Wa…
the size of a ball point that orbits 15 meters away
Sun
What is the order of the planets?
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
What is the moon cycle?
Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Wa…
29 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
What is the celestial sphere?
Right ascension
Asterisms def
Constellations def
Technically term for sky
measured in hours, minutes, and seconds (similar to longitude)
Shape
Big area in sky that shape is in
What is the celestial sphere?
Technically term for sky
Right ascension
measured in hours, minutes, and seconds (similar to longitude)
26 terms
ESS History of Astronomy 1
What is the oldest science
How is Aristarchus' model of the solar…
The Greek philosopher Aristotle sugges…
Who is the Polish astronomer who propo…
astronomy
His model is heliocentric, not geocentric
55 concentric spheres with the Earth at the center.
Nicolai Copernicus
What is the oldest science
astronomy
How is Aristarchus' model of the solar…
His model is heliocentric, not geocentric
15 terms
Astronomy Test 1 - History of Astronomy
Aristotle
Aristarchus
Ptolemy
Geocentric
Most associated with ancient Greek world view
Rejected the Geocentric world view and supported the Heliocen…
Almagest- The standard astronomy book for 1400 years
Earth Centered
Aristotle
Most associated with ancient Greek world view
Aristarchus
Rejected the Geocentric world view and supported the Heliocen…
18 terms
Astronomy Test 1-History of Astronomy
Aristotle
Aristarchus
Eratosthenes
Ptolemy - Algamest
most associated with the ancient Greek world view
rejected the Geocentric world view and supported the Heliocen…
accurately determined the size of the Earth
the standard astronomy book for 1400 years.
Aristotle
most associated with the ancient Greek world view
Aristarchus
rejected the Geocentric world view and supported the Heliocen…
Astronomy Quiz 1
Right ascension in the sky is very sim…
The star Wolf 1061 has a parallax of 2…
In an annular eclipse...
Conditions needed to produce a solar e…
FALSE
Wolf 1061 is closer to Earth than Ross 652.
The sun appears as a thin, bright ring.
...full moon ON ecliptic
Right ascension in the sky is very sim…
FALSE
The star Wolf 1061 has a parallax of 2…
Wolf 1061 is closer to Earth than Ross 652.
16 terms
Astronomy Vocab Quiz 1
nova
planetary nebula
Chandrasekhar Limit
Langrangian Point
a sudden brightening of a star ("new"; eruptions on white dwa…
an expanding shell of gas ejected from a star during the latt…
the maximum mass of a white dwarf (about 1.4sol); white dwarf…
point of stability in the orbital plane of a binary star syst…
nova
a sudden brightening of a star ("new"; eruptions on white dwa…
planetary nebula
an expanding shell of gas ejected from a star during the latt…
141 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Solar System
Milky Way Galaxy
Galaxy
Local Group
the Sun and all the material that orbits it, including planet…
disk shaped collection of stars in which our solar system bel…
a great island of stars in space containing from a few hundre…
contains 40 galaxies, one of them being the Milky Way
Solar System
the Sun and all the material that orbits it, including planet…
Milky Way Galaxy
disk shaped collection of stars in which our solar system bel…
12 terms
Science 9- Astronomy Quiz 1
time of one rotation of Earth
Zenith
Geocentric
Heliocentric
One day
the point directly overhead
Earth centered and everything revolves around the Earth
sun-centered and everything revolves around the sun
time of one rotation of Earth
One day
Zenith
the point directly overhead
8 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Light travels in the form of
What does Em travel at
Wavelength
Frequency
Waves.
The speed of light & doesn't require a medium.
Distance from crest to crest.
# of waves that pass at a given point in a second
Light travels in the form of
Waves.
What does Em travel at
The speed of light & doesn't require a medium.
12 terms
History of Astronomy
Galileo
Kepler
Heliocentric Model
Geocentric Model
He observed sunspots on the Sun and mountains on the Moon to…
He discovered that the orbits of planets are ellipses.
Places the Sun at the center of the solar system with planets…
Places the Earth at the center of the universe with the Moon,…
Galileo
He observed sunspots on the Sun and mountains on the Moon to…
Kepler
He discovered that the orbits of planets are ellipses.
47 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
The mean distance of Saturn from the S…
The mass of the electron, 0.000,000,00…
0.034 meter is
The number fifty thousand is written i…
1.427 × 10^9 km.
9.1 × 10^-11 kg.
34 mm.
5 × 10^4.
The mean distance of Saturn from the S…
1.427 × 10^9 km.
The mass of the electron, 0.000,000,00…
9.1 × 10^-11 kg.
44 terms
astronomy quiz 1
constellation
circumpolar
Ursa Major
Ursa minor
formally defined as a region of the celestial sphere, with bo…
situated around or inhabiting one of the earth's poles
a constellation that is the most conspicuous of the northern…
(Latin: "Smaller She-Bear", contrasting with Ursa Major), als…
constellation
formally defined as a region of the celestial sphere, with bo…
circumpolar
situated around or inhabiting one of the earth's poles
20 terms
Quiz 1 Astronomy
Suppose we imagine the Sun to be about…
What is Nuclear Fusion?
On the cosmic calendar, in which the h…
On a scale in which the distance from…
The size of a typical campus
The process of combining lightweight nuclei to make heavier n…
1 second ago
Small enough to fit within your hand
Suppose we imagine the Sun to be about…
The size of a typical campus
What is Nuclear Fusion?
The process of combining lightweight nuclei to make heavier n…
23 terms
History of Astronomy
Astronomy
Astronomer
Geocentric
Heliocentric
the oldest of the sciences; ... study of the stars involving th…
people who study the universe including origins, evolution, c…
the concept of an earth-centered universe
the concept that the sun is the center of the solar system
Astronomy
the oldest of the sciences; ... study of the stars involving th…
Astronomer
people who study the universe including origins, evolution, c…
10 terms
quiz 1 astronomy
You rapidly heat a lump of coal in an…
Rank the following in order from short…
One can be considered to be absolutely…
The New Horizons probe recently passed…
Is both brighter and bluer when hottest
X-ray, ultraviolet, infrared, radio
Never - locations in the universe are always moving relative…
Scattered
You rapidly heat a lump of coal in an…
Is both brighter and bluer when hottest
Rank the following in order from short…
X-ray, ultraviolet, infrared, radio
31 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
What is the difference between a theor…
What is the main authority in science?
Our Sun is a
T or F: Stars in constellations appear…
a theory is a hypothesis that has been proven with a lot of e…
whether or not an idea has passed a series of rigorous scient…
star
true
What is the difference between a theor…
a theory is a hypothesis that has been proven with a lot of e…
What is the main authority in science?
whether or not an idea has passed a series of rigorous scient…
28 terms
Astronomy Quiz 1
Which of the following lists the vario…
The speed of light is 3 x 105 km/s and…
In scientific notation, we would expre…
Divide 8x10^80 by 2x10^40
b. visible, ultraviolet, X-ray, gamma rays
1.3 seconds
3.5 x 10^{4}
4 x 10^{40}
Which of the following lists the vario…
b. visible, ultraviolet, X-ray, gamma rays
The speed of light is 3 x 105 km/s and…
1.3 seconds
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