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Study sets matching "astronomy terminology"

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Study sets matching "astronomy terminology"

91 terms
Astronomy Terminology
axis
rotation
revolution
orbit
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's centre and the…
the spinning motion of a planet on its axis
the movement of an object around another object
the path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
axis
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's centre and the…
rotation
the spinning motion of a planet on its axis
9 terms
Astronomy Terminology
Asteroid
Astronaut
astronomer
Atmosphere
A flying alien
...
...
...
Asteroid
A flying alien
Astronaut
...
10 terms
Astronomy terminology
nebula
astronomer
galaxy
crater
A cloud of gas or dust in space
Someone who studies space
Millions of stars held by dust
A large bowl shaped cavity in the ground
nebula
A cloud of gas or dust in space
astronomer
Someone who studies space
17 terms
Astronomy Terminology
Astronomy
Universe
Celestial Body
Star
The scientific perspective of what exists beyond earth
Everything that exists, including all energy, matter, and space
Any object in space
A celestial body that contains gas and produces and emits lig…
Astronomy
The scientific perspective of what exists beyond earth
Universe
Everything that exists, including all energy, matter, and space
44 terms
Astronomy Terminology
Calendar
Constellation
Tides
Solar eclipse
...A chart/multiple pages showing the days, weeks, and months…
...A group of stars that forms a recognizable pattern. Usuall…
...The alternate rising/falling of the sea. Usually twice in…
...An eclipse where the sun is hidden by the moon.
Calendar
...A chart/multiple pages showing the days, weeks, and months…
Constellation
...A group of stars that forms a recognizable pattern. Usuall…
28 terms
astronomy terminology
Electromagnetic Radiation
Accretion
Satellite
Kepler's 1st Law
This is electric and magnetic disturbances travelling through…
gravity causes the rocks to combine forming planets
A celestial body orbiting a planet or object... -earth is a sat…
showed that planets revolved around the sun in an ELLIPSE rat…
Electromagnetic Radiation
This is electric and magnetic disturbances travelling through…
Accretion
gravity causes the rocks to combine forming planets
9 terms
Astronomy Terminology
Astronomy
Ellipse
Precession
Rotation
The study of the universe, the oldest study in known history.
The curve in our revolution around the sun making an oval sha…
Change in orientation of the axis of a rotating body.
The circular movement of an object.
Astronomy
The study of the universe, the oldest study in known history.
Ellipse
The curve in our revolution around the sun making an oval sha…
43 terms
Astronomy Terminology
Zenith
Celestial Horizon
Celestial Meridian
Wave
Point on Celestial Sphere above your head.
Great circle on the celestial sphere 90 degrees from your zen…
Great circle passing thru your Zenith. N & S points on you ze…
a rising and falling disturbance that transports energy from…
Zenith
Point on Celestial Sphere above your head.
Celestial Horizon
Great circle on the celestial sphere 90 degrees from your zen…
28 terms
Astronomy terminology
Electromagnetic radiation
Accretion
Satellite
Kepler's 1st law
Is electric and magnetic disturbances traveling through space…
Occurs when gravity causes the rocks to combine forming planets
a celestial body orbiting the earth or another planet.
Showed that planets revolved around the sun in an ellipse rat…
Electromagnetic radiation
Is electric and magnetic disturbances traveling through space…
Accretion
Occurs when gravity causes the rocks to combine forming planets
49 terms
Astronomy Terminology
celestial object
celestial sphere
celestial poles
polaris
any object that exists in space
imaginary sphere that helps describe locations in relation to…
poles on the celestial sphere that are right above the north…
know as the North Star, this star is right above the north pole
celestial object
any object that exists in space
celestial sphere
imaginary sphere that helps describe locations in relation to…
8 terms
Astronomy: Sun Terminology
Core
Sunspots
Convective Zone
Prominence
At the center, where the most energy is produced, it is 15.5…
Cooler parts of the Sun that are magnetically active, these a…
The outermost part, 55% of the sun, energy flows by convectio…
An explosion from the sun's surface that reaches millions of…
Core
At the center, where the most energy is produced, it is 15.5…
Sunspots
Cooler parts of the Sun that are magnetically active, these a…
Astronomy Terminology Mr P
Asteroid
Atmosphere
Constellation
Galaxy
A rock, or Minor Planet orbiting the Sun.
The gaseous area surrounding a planet or other body.
A grouping of stars which have been given names by ancient as…
A group of stars, gas and dust held together by gravity.
Asteroid
A rock, or Minor Planet orbiting the Sun.
Atmosphere
The gaseous area surrounding a planet or other body.
8 terms
Astronomy: Sun Terminology
Core
Sunspots
Convective Zone
Prominence
At the center, where the most energy is produced, it is 15.5…
Cooler parts of the Sun that are magnetically active, these a…
The outermost part, 55% of the sun, energy flows by convectio…
An explosion from the sun's surface that reaches millions of…
Core
At the center, where the most energy is produced, it is 15.5…
Sunspots
Cooler parts of the Sun that are magnetically active, these a…
15 terms
Astronomy: Phases of The Moon & Terminology
1st phase
2nd phase
3rd phase
4th phase
New Moon
Waxing Crescent
First Quarter moon
Waxing gibbous
1st phase
New Moon
2nd phase
Waxing Crescent
16 terms
Astronomy terminology by Ben Wilson
Asteroid
Astronaut
Astronomer
Atmosphere
A small rocky body orbiting the sun.
A person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft.
An expert in or student of astronomy.
The envelope of gases surrounding the Earth or another planet.
Asteroid
A small rocky body orbiting the sun.
Astronaut
A person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft.
59 terms
Astronomy 105 Final Terminology
Emission Nebulae
21 Centimeter Line
Molecular Clouds
T-Tauri Phase
A glowing cloud of hot interstellar gas from which stars are…
Used to measure hydrogen in radio astronomy
Cold regions where gas is in the form of molecules
Protostar in the late stages of formation often exhibiting vi…
Emission Nebulae
A glowing cloud of hot interstellar gas from which stars are…
21 Centimeter Line
Used to measure hydrogen in radio astronomy
19 terms
Introduction to Astronomy Terminology
horizon
zenith
altitude
meridian
line where the earth and sky appear to meet
point in the sky directly above your head ("highest")
apparent height of object above the horizon (measured in angl…
north/south running line
horizon
line where the earth and sky appear to meet
zenith
point in the sky directly above your head ("highest")
8 terms
Astronomy: Sun Terminology
Core
Sunspots
Convective Zone
Prominence
At the center, where the most energy is produced, it is 15.5…
Cooler parts of the Sun that are magnetically active, these a…
The outermost part, 55% of the sun, energy flows by convectio…
An explosion from the sun's surface that reaches millions of…
Core
At the center, where the most energy is produced, it is 15.5…
Sunspots
Cooler parts of the Sun that are magnetically active, these a…
91 terms
Astronomy Chapter 7-10 Terminology
Chapter 7: Planets
Chapter 7: Planetary System
Chapter 7: Nebular Hypothesis
Chapter 7: Nebula
large, round bodies that orbit a star in individual orbits.
a system of planets surrounding a star
The first plausibly theory for the formation of the Solar Sys…
a rotating cloud of interstellar
Chapter 7: Planets
large, round bodies that orbit a star in individual orbits.
Chapter 7: Planetary System
a system of planets surrounding a star
68 terms
Astronomy Test #3 Study Guide (Terminology)
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Transition Zone
Corona
Surface of the sun (what we see)
Above the photosphere
Above the chromosphere
Above the transition zone. Turns into solar winds
Photosphere
Surface of the sun (what we see)
Chromosphere
Above the photosphere
39 terms
Astronomy 105 Test 2 Study Guide (Terminology)
Escape Speed
Earth's Overall Structure
Moon's Overall Structure
Tides
The speed needed to escape forever from a body.
Core, mantel, crust, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and magnetosphe…
Core, mantel, and crust.
Two high and low ____ occur every day. It's caused by the gra…
Escape Speed
The speed needed to escape forever from a body.
Earth's Overall Structure
Core, mantel, crust, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and magnetosphe…
64 terms
Astronomy 105 Test #1 Study Guide (Terminology)
Radio, Infrared, Visible, Ultraviolet,…
Constellations
Solar Day
Sidereal Day
The wavelengths of Electromagnetic Radiation.
Groups stars that look like animals, heroes, etc. (examples:…
24 hour day
A day measured by the stars (23 hours 56 minutes)
Radio, Infrared, Visible, Ultraviolet,…
The wavelengths of Electromagnetic Radiation.
Constellations
Groups stars that look like animals, heroes, etc. (examples:…
5 terms
S6e1 terminology - Astronomy and Space
Astronomy
Big Bang Theory
Geocentric Theory
Heliocentric Theory
Scientific study of the universe and the objects in it.
Theory which states that the universe began in an enormous ex…
Ptolemy's theory that the earth was the center of the universe.
Copernicus's theory that the sun was the center of the univer…
Astronomy
Scientific study of the universe and the objects in it.
Big Bang Theory
Theory which states that the universe began in an enormous ex…
56 terms
Astronomy 104 Final
Light-year
How is Earth moving through space?
How is our Sun moving in the Milky Way…
Real reasons for seasons
- Distance light can travel in 1 year... -10 trillion kilometer…
-Earth orbits Sun once a year... -Average distance of 1 AU = 15…
-Sun moves randomly relative to other stars in the local star…
-Earth's axis points in same direction (to Polaris) all year…
Light-year
- Distance light can travel in 1 year... -10 trillion kilometer…
How is Earth moving through space?
-Earth orbits Sun once a year... -Average distance of 1 AU = 15…
31 terms
Astronomy Exam 1
Parsec
Nearest Stars
Milky Way
Nearest galaxies
the distance at which one astronomical unit subtends an angle…
roughly 1-10 parsecs away
30,000 parsecs. abbreviated to 30 kiloparsecs= 30 kpc
few million parsecs away, beyond Milky Way
Parsec
the distance at which one astronomical unit subtends an angle…
Nearest Stars
roughly 1-10 parsecs away
Astronomy
How a telescope works
Magnification
Terminology of telescope parts
Largest refractor
...
...
...
...
How a telescope works
...
Magnification
...
26 terms
Astronomy
Sol
Exosphere
Try some milk then eggs
Mercury
Sun root word
What is the outer most part of the atmosphere?
Way to remember the layers of the atmosphere?
Closest planet to the sun
Sol
Sun root word
Exosphere
What is the outer most part of the atmosphere?
72 terms
Astronomy
Solar System
Milky Way Galaxy: Shape, Number of Stars
Local Group
Galaxy Clusters
Sun, planets, moons, other objects orbiting sun.
Disk shaped collection of 100 billion stars.
Made up of 25 galaxies. Gravitational center between Andromed…
Look like giant chains with huge voids between them, containi…
Solar System
Sun, planets, moons, other objects orbiting sun.
Milky Way Galaxy: Shape, Number of Stars
Disk shaped collection of 100 billion stars.
21 terms
Telescope Terminology
telescope
electromagnetic radiation
visible light
wave length
a device that makes distant objects appear closer.
energy that can travel through space as a wave
light that you can see with the human eye
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of a…
telescope
a device that makes distant objects appear closer.
electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space as a wave
65 terms
Astronomy
What did Isaac Newton study?
Newton's Laws of Gravity
Newton's 1st Law of Motion
Newton's 2nd Law of Motion
Motion, Light, and Gravity
Mass is the amount of matter in an object... Everything with mas…
A body continues at rest or in uniform motion in a straight l…
The amount of change in a body's motion is proportional to th…
What did Isaac Newton study?
Motion, Light, and Gravity
Newton's Laws of Gravity
Mass is the amount of matter in an object... Everything with mas…
25 terms
Astronomy 12 - 21
What is Mass?
Conservation of energy
What determines the strength of gravity?
Newton generalized Kepler's third law
a form of potential energy... E = mc^2... A small amount of mass…
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed... It can change fo…
1. Every mass attracts every other mass.... 2. Attraction is dir…
Newton's version of Kepler's third law:... If a much smaller obj…
What is Mass?
a form of potential energy... E = mc^2... A small amount of mass…
Conservation of energy
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed... It can change fo…
26 terms
Astronomy 110 2nd Test Study Sheet
Early Greek expatriates
Aristotle
Aristarchus
eratosthenes
...
best known for studying under Plato, he believed in geocentri…
best know for presenting the first model that reinforced the…
he invented the discipline of geography, including the termin…
Early Greek expatriates
...
Aristotle
best known for studying under Plato, he believed in geocentri…
34 terms
Astronomy
Indirect relation (Wave equation)
Direct relation(Energy equation)
Atmospheric windows
What are problems with lenses
λ∙f = c
E = h∙f
Open: Visible and radio... Closed: blocked by earth's atmosphere
Size - ... Cost... Chromatic aberration
Indirect relation (Wave equation)
λ∙f = c
Direct relation(Energy equation)
E = h∙f
9 terms
Constellation Terminology Unit 2
celestial north pole
nebula
circumpolar
Auriga
Point on the celestial sphere directly above Earth's geograph…
Cloud of dust or gas in space resulting from a star exploding…
Referring to constellations that are so close to the celestia…
Means "charioteer" in Latin
celestial north pole
Point on the celestial sphere directly above Earth's geograph…
nebula
Cloud of dust or gas in space resulting from a star exploding…
10 terms
Astronomy 102 Chapter 7 & 8
Mercury has the lowest eccentricity of…
On Earth, from the enter outward, the…
Both the moon and Mercury experience e…
We only see one side of the moon due t…
False
Solid metallic inner core, molten metal outer core, silicate…
They have no atmosphere to moderate temperatures over the globe
True
Mercury has the lowest eccentricity of…
False
On Earth, from the enter outward, the…
Solid metallic inner core, molten metal outer core, silicate…
11 terms
Solar System Terminology
dwarf planet
moon
asteroid
comet
Planet like body that orbits the sun but does not clear its o…
Object revolving around a planet
Small, rocky or metallic, irregularly shaped body orbiting th…
Small object composed of ice, dust, and rocks
dwarf planet
Planet like body that orbits the sun but does not clear its o…
moon
Object revolving around a planet
15 terms
Constellation Terminology Unit 3
celestial north pole
Merak and Dubhe
Ophiuchus
Ursa Major
Point on the celestial sphere directly above Earth's geograph…
Two stars in the Big Dipper that point to the star Polaris
Means "serpent-bearer" in Greek
Bootes follows this constellation around the North Pole
celestial north pole
Point on the celestial sphere directly above Earth's geograph…
Merak and Dubhe
Two stars in the Big Dipper that point to the star Polaris
17 terms
Constellation Terminology Unit 1
constellation
asterism
rotate
revolve
A group of stars
A pattern of stars that is not a constellation
To spin on an axis
The motion of going around an object
constellation
A group of stars
asterism
A pattern of stars that is not a constellation
242 terms
Astronomy Final
Geocentric model
retrograde motion
epicycles
heliocentric model
idea that the earth is the center of the solar system
backward, westward loop traced out by a planet w/ respect to…
a construct of the geocentric model which was necessary to ex…
idea that the sun is the center of the solar system
Geocentric model
idea that the earth is the center of the solar system
retrograde motion
backward, westward loop traced out by a planet w/ respect to…
8 terms
CSI Earth Science Chapter 1 Lesson 1 terminology
science
technology
earth science
geology
systematic study of creation using methods based on observati…
the application of science
study of the Earth and the universe... surrounding it
study of the solid Earth
science
systematic study of creation using methods based on observati…
technology
the application of science
21 terms
Terminology
Orbit:
Satellite:
• Kilometer
Mile
a closed path taken around another... body due to gravity
any body, natural or artificial, that orbits another body... - P…
(km): metric unit of distance
(mi) English unit of distance... - 1.6 km = 1 mi
Orbit:
a closed path taken around another... body due to gravity
Satellite:
any body, natural or artificial, that orbits another body... - P…
32 terms
Earth, Sun & Moon
eclipse
equinox
solstice
seasons
an event in which the shadow of one celestial body falls on a…
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and…
twice-yearly point at which the sun reaches its greatest dist…
Are caused by the tilt of the Earth on its axis; The angle at…
eclipse
an event in which the shadow of one celestial body falls on a…
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and…
69 terms
Astronomy quiz 1
Chaos
Constellations
Earth is moving not the stars
Celestial sphere
Human mind inevitably tries to create meaning out of things w…
How some people connect random stars into groups I,e the gods…
Perspective not reality
Stars appear to be close together but in reality are far apar…
Chaos
Human mind inevitably tries to create meaning out of things w…
Constellations
How some people connect random stars into groups I,e the gods…
24 terms
Ch. 8 astronomy
Makeup of materials in outer solar sys…
Asteroids:
Asteroid Class
Types of Asteroids
-light-colored ices... -dark-colored silicates (same as moons of…
-irregular, rocky body smaller in size & mass than terrestria…
S-type (stony): - relatively bright albedos (15%)... - consist o…
1. Belt Asteroids (vast majority)... - orbit in belt between orb…
Makeup of materials in outer solar sys…
-light-colored ices... -dark-colored silicates (same as moons of…
Asteroids:
-irregular, rocky body smaller in size & mass than terrestria…
52 terms
Astronomy test 2
Mercury has the lowest eccentricity of…
On Earth, list the layers from the cen…
Both the Moon and Mercury experience e…
We only see one side of the Moon due t…
false
solid metallic inner core, molten metal outer core, silicate…
they have no atmosphere to moderate temperatures over the glo…
true
Mercury has the lowest eccentricity of…
false
On Earth, list the layers from the cen…
solid metallic inner core, molten metal outer core, silicate…
24 terms
Space terminology
space
astronomy
solar system
comet
the place where all things are
noun - the study of space and all the things in it
the Sun and the group of planets that orbit it (noun)
...
space
the place where all things are
astronomy
noun - the study of space and all the things in it
25 terms
Astronomy 102
The plane in which almost all planets…
How do the densities of the Jovian and…
Which characteristics describe the ter…
Most asteroids are found
Ecliptic
All terrestrials are more sense than any of the jovians
Weak or no magnetic fields
Between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars
The plane in which almost all planets…
Ecliptic
How do the densities of the Jovian and…
All terrestrials are more sense than any of the jovians
24 terms
Greek Alphabet
ALPHA... ("AL-fa")
BETA ... ("BAY-ta")
GAMMA... ("GAM-ma")
DELTA... ("DEL-ta")
ALPHA... ("AL-fa")
BETA ... ("BAY-ta")
59 terms
Art
Botticelli
Munch
Bosch
David
The Birth of Venus (c.1480)
The Scream (1893)
The Garden of Earthly Delights (c.1500)
The Oath of the Horatii (1784)
Botticelli
The Birth of Venus (c.1480)
Munch
The Scream (1893)
20 terms
Night Sky Terminology
Vernal Equinox
Winter Solstice
Ecliptic
Zenith
The first day of Spring, the days will start getting longer,…
The shortest day, the onset of Winter, December 22
a great circle on the celestial sphere representing the sun's…
The highest point reached by a celestial object.
Vernal Equinox
The first day of Spring, the days will start getting longer,…
Winter Solstice
The shortest day, the onset of Winter, December 22
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