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Study sets matching "astronomy"

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Study sets matching "astronomy"

28 terms
astronomy
galaxy
wavelength
Leo
milky way
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
a zodiacal constellation in northern hemisphere between Cance…
The name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
galaxy
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
wavelength
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
18 terms
Astronomy
Aristotle's Earth-centered model of th…
Copernicus's sun-centered model has al…
Ptolemy's Earth-centered model of the…
Copernicus's sun-centered model has al…
Aristotle's Earth-centered model of th…
Copernicus's sun-centered model has al…
10 terms
Astronomy
astronomy
axis
rotation
revolution
the study of the moon, stars, & other objects in space
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center & the No…
the spinning motion of a planet about its axis
the movement of an object around another object
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, & other objects in space
axis
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center & the No…
35 terms
Astronomy
Revolution
Rotation
Luminosity
H-R Diagram
The motion of one celestial body moving around another celest…
The motion of a celestial object spinning on an axis.
The measurement of the brightness of a star
A scatter graph of stars that shows a relationship between a…
Revolution
The motion of one celestial body moving around another celest…
Rotation
The motion of a celestial object spinning on an axis.
59 terms
Astronomy
singularity
galaxy
solar nebular hypothesis
red shift
is an infinitely small, hot area of infinite pressure and den…
is a group of stars, dust and gases held together by gravity.
a belief that the solar system began as a cloud of interstell…
If the source of light is moving away from the observer then…
singularity
is an infinitely small, hot area of infinite pressure and den…
galaxy
is a group of stars, dust and gases held together by gravity.
37 terms
Astronomy
astronomy
asteroids
black hole
comet
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space.
objects that are revolving around the sun that are to small a…
The remains of an extremely massive star pulled into a small…
a ball of ice and dust whose orbit is a long, narrow ellipse.
astronomy
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space.
asteroids
objects that are revolving around the sun that are to small a…
19 terms
Astronomy
Astronomy
axis
rotation
rotation axis
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
a straight line that divides a shape evenly into two parts
the spinning of the Earth
the spinning of the earth within 24 hours on its axis
Astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
axis
a straight line that divides a shape evenly into two parts
58 terms
Astronomy
asteroid belt
astronomy
coma
comet
The region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and…
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space.
The fuzzy outer layer of a comet.
A loose collection of ice, dust, and small rocky particles, t…
asteroid belt
The region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and…
astronomy
The study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space.
56 terms
Astronomy
stars
constellation
sun
terrestrial
Huge spheres of very hot, glowing gas; produce their own ligh…
group of stars that make an imaginary shape in the night sky
The nearest star to the Earth
Type of planet that is made of rocks and metals
stars
Huge spheres of very hot, glowing gas; produce their own ligh…
constellation
group of stars that make an imaginary shape in the night sky
15 terms
Astronomy
astronaut
antimatter
asteroid
infinity
астронавт
антивещество
астероид
бесконечность
astronaut
астронавт
antimatter
антивещество
56 terms
Astronomy
stars
constellation
sun
terrestrial
Huge spheres of very hot, glowing gas; produce their own ligh…
group of stars that make an imaginary shape in the night sky
The nearest star to the Earth
Type of planet that is made of rocks and metals
stars
Huge spheres of very hot, glowing gas; produce their own ligh…
constellation
group of stars that make an imaginary shape in the night sky
Astronomy
rotation
revolution
astronomy
universe
The spinning of Earth on its axis
The movement of an object around another object
Study of the universe
All of space and everything in it
rotation
The spinning of Earth on its axis
revolution
The movement of an object around another object
179 terms
Astronomy
Longitude
Latitude
Units of Meridians and Parallels
1 Degree of latitude
Meridian
Parallels
Degrees
112 km/70 miles
Longitude
Meridian
Latitude
Parallels
5 terms
Astronomy
Big Bang Theory
Galaxy
Gravity
Astronomical Unit
(cosmology) the theory that the universe originated 20 billio…
Collection of stars, gases, and planets around a dense center…
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
A unit of length used for distances within the solar system
Big Bang Theory
(cosmology) the theory that the universe originated 20 billio…
Galaxy
Collection of stars, gases, and planets around a dense center…
34 terms
Astronomy
sun
moon
revolution
rotation
A star that is the source of light and heat for the planets i…
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet. Also calle…
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
The spinning of Earth on its axis. It takes 24 hours for the…
sun
A star that is the source of light and heat for the planets i…
moon
A natural satellite that revolves around a planet. Also calle…
177 terms
Astronomy
Astronomical Unit
making an object hotter:... making an obj…
Balmer series
types of spectrum
(AU)... Mean Distance b/w Earth and Sun
raises and shifts peak... only raises peak
visible photons emitted from H
continuous... emission... absorption
Astronomical Unit
(AU)... Mean Distance b/w Earth and Sun
making an object hotter:... making an obj…
raises and shifts peak... only raises peak
8 terms
Astronomy
astronomy
universe
galaxy
solar system
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
all existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosm…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
astronomy
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
universe
all existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosm…
20 terms
Astronomy
Rotation
Revolution
Ecliptic
Solstice
Earth spinning on it's axis
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
Plane that contains Earth's orbit around the Sun.
Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.
Rotation
Earth spinning on it's axis
Revolution
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
37 terms
Astronomy
astronomy
asteroids
black hole
comet
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space.
objects that are revolving around the sun that are to small a…
The remains of an extremely massive star pulled into a small…
a ball of ice and dust whose orbit is a long, narrow ellipse.
astronomy
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space.
asteroids
objects that are revolving around the sun that are to small a…
37 terms
Astronomy
Rotation
Revolution
Foucault Pendulum
Coriolis Effect
Rotation
Revolution
20 terms
Astronomy
Rotation
Revolution
Ecliptic
Solstice
Earth spinning on it's axis
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
Plane that contains Earth's orbit around the Sun.
Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.
Rotation
Earth spinning on it's axis
Revolution
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
37 terms
Astronomy
astronomy
asteroids
black hole
comet
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space.
objects that are revolving around the sun that are to small a…
The remains of an extremely massive star pulled into a small…
a ball of ice and dust whose orbit is a long, narrow ellipse.
astronomy
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space.
asteroids
objects that are revolving around the sun that are to small a…
22 terms
Astronomy
waxing crescent
waning crescent
waxing gibbous
waning gibbous
the light is coming onto the moon and the light is shaped lik…
the light is leaving the moon and the light is shaped like a…
over half of the moon is lit up and the light is coming onto…
More than half is illuminated, but decreasing (light is on th…
waxing crescent
the light is coming onto the moon and the light is shaped lik…
waning crescent
the light is leaving the moon and the light is shaped like a…
17 terms
Astronomy
Rotation
Revolution
Ecliptic
Solstice
Earth spinning on its axis
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
Plane that contains Earth's orbit around the Sun.
Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.
Rotation
Earth spinning on its axis
Revolution
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
26 terms
Astronomy
rotation
axis
revolution
orbit
The spinning of the Earth on its axis. Causes day and night.
the imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
the movement of one object around another. Earth revolves aro…
the path followed during revolution
rotation
The spinning of the Earth on its axis. Causes day and night.
axis
the imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
29 terms
Astronomy
solar system
comet
meteor
light year
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
(astronomy) a relatively small extraterrestrial body consisti…
A meteoroid that strikes Earth's atmosphere, usually at an al…
Distance light travels in one year, travelling at the speed o…
solar system
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
comet
(astronomy) a relatively small extraterrestrial body consisti…
18 terms
Astronomy
gravity
Earth
Moon
Full Moon
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The third planet from the sun
a natural satellite that orbits a planet
moon phase when the entire side facing Earth is illuminated.
gravity
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Earth
The third planet from the sun
39 terms
Astronomy
Asteroids
Axis of Rotation
Comet
Direct Sunlight
Irregular pieces of rock moving through space in an area betw…
An imaginary line going from the North Pole to the South Pole…
A "dirty snowball" consisting of ice, dust, and gases that or…
Covers a small surface area; heat is concentrated and warmer;…
Asteroids
Irregular pieces of rock moving through space in an area betw…
Axis of Rotation
An imaginary line going from the North Pole to the South Pole…
17 terms
Astronomy
Rotation
Revolution
Ecliptic
Solstice
Earth spinning on it's axis
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
Plane that contains Earth's orbit around the Sun.
Time when the Sun is farthest from the equator.
Rotation
Earth spinning on it's axis
Revolution
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun
10 terms
Astronomy
Big Bang
Moon
Solar System
Galaxy
The theory that the universe was created from a tiny particle…
A natural object that orbits a planet.
A group of planets or other bodies orbiting a star.
A group of planets, stars, dust and gases.
Big Bang
The theory that the universe was created from a tiny particle…
Moon
A natural object that orbits a planet.
18 terms
Astronomy
asteroid
comet
gravity
inner planet
piece of rock that orbits the sun (boulder to mountain in size)
a small body that orbits the sun, has a head and a long tail
the natural attraction between two objects
the rocky planets closer to the Sun
asteroid
piece of rock that orbits the sun (boulder to mountain in size)
comet
a small body that orbits the sun, has a head and a long tail
43 terms
Astronomy
John Glenn
Neal Armstrong
Light Year
A.U.
1st American to orbit Earth
1st to walk on moon
distance light travels through space in 1 year
distance between Earth & sun
John Glenn
1st American to orbit Earth
Neal Armstrong
1st to walk on moon
28 terms
Astronomy!
rotation
axis
revolution
orbit
The spinning of the Earth on its axis. Causes day and night.
the imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
the movement of one object around another. Earth revolves aro…
the path followed during revolution
rotation
The spinning of the Earth on its axis. Causes day and night.
axis
the imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
188 terms
Astronomy
How are stars named
Problems with stars
Time period when stars were named
Ursa Major
From brightest to dimmest... Alpha, Beta, etc. (Greek letters)
Naked eye - measured by the naked eye... Boundaries change - the…
Ancient Greece - 1700's
Latin for Great Bear, Constellation
How are stars named
From brightest to dimmest... Alpha, Beta, etc. (Greek letters)
Problems with stars
Naked eye - measured by the naked eye... Boundaries change - the…
34 terms
Astronomy
solar system
comet
meteor
light year
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
(astronomy) a relatively small extraterrestrial body consisti…
A meteoroid that strikes Earth's atmosphere, usually at an al…
Distance light travels in one year, travelling at the speed o…
solar system
The sun and all of the planets and other bodies that travel a…
comet
(astronomy) a relatively small extraterrestrial body consisti…
Astronomy
geocentric
heliocentric
Big Bang
universe
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
The initial explosion that resulted in the formation and expa…
All of space and everything in it
geocentric
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of th…
heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
51 terms
Astronomy
Force
Gravity
Law of Universal Gravitation
Mass
(noun) A push or pull.
(noun) The force that attracts all objects to each other; (e.…
(noun) States that every object in the universe attracts ever…
(noun) The amount of matter in an object.
Force
(noun) A push or pull.
Gravity
(noun) The force that attracts all objects to each other; (e.…
28 terms
Astronomy
solar eclipse
umbra
penumbra
lunar eclipse
occurs when a new moon blocks your view of the sun.
the very darkest part of the moon's shadow
The part of a shadow surrounding the darkest part.
occurs at a full moon when Earth is directly between the moon…
solar eclipse
occurs when a new moon blocks your view of the sun.
umbra
the very darkest part of the moon's shadow
43 terms
astronomy
meteor
comet
asteroid
meteorite
A meteoroid that begins to vaporize in Earth's atmosphere
A ball of dust and ice that orbits the sun.
Rocky objects revolving around the sun that are too small and…
a meteoroid that passes through the atmosphere and hits earth…
meteor
A meteoroid that begins to vaporize in Earth's atmosphere
comet
A ball of dust and ice that orbits the sun.
21 terms
Astronomy
white dwarf
main sequence
red giant
HR Diagram
Left over over part of a star after its outer layers have exp…
Most stars are on this portion of the H-R diagram; ... A categor…
A large, reddish star late in its life cycle
classifies stars by temperature and absolute brightness
white dwarf
Left over over part of a star after its outer layers have exp…
main sequence
Most stars are on this portion of the H-R diagram; ... A categor…
21 terms
Astronomy
Red dwarf
Supernova
White dwarf
Exoplanet
a small star that has surface temperature of no more than 380…
A stellar explosion of a massive star
An earth sized remnant of an evolved sun-like star
A planet outside of the solar system
Red dwarf
a small star that has surface temperature of no more than 380…
Supernova
A stellar explosion of a massive star
Astronomy
How many known stars are in the sky?
Types of stars
What does a star's color tell us?
How hot are red stars?
too many to count
Super Giant, Red Giant, White Dwarf, newborn star
temperature
least hot
How many known stars are in the sky?
too many to count
Types of stars
Super Giant, Red Giant, White Dwarf, newborn star
31 terms
Astronomy
Which of these galaxies is most likely…
Which of these galaxies would you most…
About how many galaxies are there in a…
When the ultraviolet light from hot st…
1. a galaxy in the Local Group
2. a large elliptical galaxy
2. a few dozen
3. visible light.
Which of these galaxies is most likely…
1. a galaxy in the Local Group
Which of these galaxies would you most…
2. a large elliptical galaxy
15 terms
Astronomy
Day
Year
Lunar month
Gravity
the time it takes for a planet to make a turn (rotation) on i…
the time it takes for a planet to make one revolution around…
The time it takes for the moon to revolve one time around the…
the force of attration between all masses; dependent on two t…
Day
the time it takes for a planet to make a turn (rotation) on i…
Year
the time it takes for a planet to make one revolution around…
24 terms
Astronomy
big bang theory
nebular theory
redshift
solar system
the theory that the universe began as a point and has been ex…
theory that suggest that the universe was created from nebulo…
the wavelength of an object that is moving away from the obse…
a system composed of a star and its rotating objects called p…
big bang theory
the theory that the universe began as a point and has been ex…
nebular theory
theory that suggest that the universe was created from nebulo…
43 terms
Astronomy
Solar System
Milky Way Galaxy
Comet
Meteors
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
Galaxy that contains our Solar System. The name derives from…
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust an…
A bright streak of light that results when a meteoroid burns…
Solar System
the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit arou…
Milky Way Galaxy
Galaxy that contains our Solar System. The name derives from…
14 terms
Astronomy
Hertzsprung Russel Diagram
Main Sequence Star
Giant Star
Super Giant Star
...
...
...
...
Hertzsprung Russel Diagram
...
Main Sequence Star
...
8 terms
Astronomy
astronomy
axis
rotation
revolution
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
the spinning motion of a planet on its axis
...
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars, and other objects in space
axis
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
45 terms
astronomy!
comet
meteoroids
meteor
meteorite
composed of dust and rock particles mixed with frozen water,…
the pieces of dust and rock along with those derived from oth…
a meteoroid that burns up in earths atmosphere.
when a meteoroid is large enough it might not burn up complet…
comet
composed of dust and rock particles mixed with frozen water,…
meteoroids
the pieces of dust and rock along with those derived from oth…
14 terms
Astronomy
ellipse
galaxy
meteor
meteorite
the shape of planet's orbits around the sun
very large group of stars, gas and dust held by gravity
rock or dust entering the earth's atmosphere
object from space hitting the ground
ellipse
the shape of planet's orbits around the sun
galaxy
very large group of stars, gas and dust held by gravity
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