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Study sets matching "athletic training at 4"

20 terms
Athletic Training Vocabulary #4
flexibility
flexion
fracture
hematoma
the range of motion of a joint or the ability to stretch
bending a joint or decreasing the angle between two bones
a chip, crack, or complete break in a bone
a collection of blood beneath the skin
flexibility
the range of motion of a joint or the ability to stretch
flexion
bending a joint or decreasing the angle between two bones
8 terms
AT final: Intro to Athletic training
What are athletic trainers?
What does NATA stand for?
When and where did the first NATA meet…
What are the six domains of athletic t…
Health care professionals, who collaborate with physicians.
National athletic trainers association
Kansas city in 1950
1. prevention... 2. clinical evaluation & diagnosis... 3. Immediate…
What are athletic trainers?
Health care professionals, who collaborate with physicians.
What does NATA stand for?
National athletic trainers association
42 terms
Athletic Training Chapter 4
Primary cause of sports injury
principles of conditioning
SAID Principle
SAID Principle definition
Lack of physical fitness
1. safety ... 2. warm up/cool down... 3. motivation... 4. overload... 5.…
Specific adaption to imposed demands
when the body is subjected to stresses and overloads of varyi…
Primary cause of sports injury
Lack of physical fitness
principles of conditioning
1. safety ... 2. warm up/cool down... 3. motivation... 4. overload... 5.…
34 terms
Athletic Training: Chapter 4
incision
abrasion
contusion
laceration
open wound made by a sharp object
scraping off a layer of skin; may bleed
closed wound, aka bruise; swelling, discoloration
jagged, irregular, open wound
incision
open wound made by a sharp object
abrasion
scraping off a layer of skin; may bleed
20 terms
Athletic Training Vocabulary #4
flexibility
flexion
fracture
hematoma
the range of motion of a joint or the ability to stretch
bending a joint or decreasing the angle between two bones
a chip, crack, or complete break in a bone
a collection of blood beneath the skin
flexibility
the range of motion of a joint or the ability to stretch
flexion
bending a joint or decreasing the angle between two bones
72 terms
Athletic Training Chapter 4
What are the principles of conditioning?
What does SAID stand for?
What are some requirements for a warm-…
What does a warm up do?
Safety.... Warm-up/Cool-down.... Motivation. ... Overload (SAID).... Cons…
Specific Adaptations to Imposed Demands.
Should precede the workout.... Begin gradually and increase to l…
Increases body temperature.... Stretches ligaments, tendons, and…
What are the principles of conditioning?
Safety.... Warm-up/Cool-down.... Motivation. ... Overload (SAID).... Cons…
What does SAID stand for?
Specific Adaptations to Imposed Demands.
30 terms
Athletic Training Chapter 4
Incisions
Abrasion
Contusion
Laceration
open wound of the body caused by a sharp object usually a blade
results from scraping off one or more layers of the skin
a closed wound that bleeds under the surface of the skin
a jagged or irregular cut
Incisions
open wound of the body caused by a sharp object usually a blade
Abrasion
results from scraping off one or more layers of the skin
66 terms
Athletic Training Unit 4
Tinea Pedis
Tinea Cruris
Ringworm
Herpes Simplex
Athlete's Foot
Jock Itch.
Fungal Infection. 83% of HS skin conditions. Red, scaly patch…
Viral infection. Type I and II. Stays in body for life. Lesio…
Tinea Pedis
Athlete's Foot
Tinea Cruris
Jock Itch.
115 terms
Test 4 Athletic Training
Medial Malleolus
Lateral Malleolus
Posterior Tibialis
Anterior Tibialis
Prominence on the inner ankle formed by lower end of tibia
Outer side of the ankle
Key stabilizing muscle of the lower leg, located in the deep…
originates in the upper two-thirds of the lateral surface of…
Medial Malleolus
Prominence on the inner ankle formed by lower end of tibia
Lateral Malleolus
Outer side of the ankle
48 terms
athletic training 4
elbow, hand and wrist
elbow, hand and wrist
Functional Motion- elbow hand and wrist
Ulnar Collateral Lig. Sprain- etiology
bones: ... humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
muscles:... biceps, triceps, wrist flexors, wrist extensors, wri…
elbow flexion, elbow extension, wrist flexion, wrist extensio…
valgus force in adolescents called "little league elbow", sid…
elbow, hand and wrist
bones: ... humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
elbow, hand and wrist
muscles:... biceps, triceps, wrist flexors, wrist extensors, wri…
31 terms
Athletic Training Chapter 4
What is a primary injury?
What are macrotrauma injuries?
What are microtrauma injuries?
What is a secondary injury?
-Acute or Chronic Injuries... -Macrotrauma or Microtrauma
-Fractures... -Dislocations... -Subluxations... -Sprains... -Strains... -Con…
Overuse & repetitive (cumulative) loading or incorrect mechan…
Essentially the inflammatory or hypoxia response that occurs…
What is a primary injury?
-Acute or Chronic Injuries... -Macrotrauma or Microtrauma
What are macrotrauma injuries?
-Fractures... -Dislocations... -Subluxations... -Sprains... -Strains... -Con…
Athletic Training Test 4
What are the Rotator Cuff muscles?
What are the 3 ways Clavicle Fractures…
What 3 things are compressed in Should…
What movement causes Tennis Elbow and…
Supraspinatus... Infraspinatus... Teres Minor... Subscapularis
1. A fall on the outstretched arm... 2. A fall on the tip of the…
1. Supraspinatus Tendon... 2. Subacromial Bursa... 3. Long Head of…
Extension of the wrist... Lateral epicondyle
What are the Rotator Cuff muscles?
Supraspinatus... Infraspinatus... Teres Minor... Subscapularis
What are the 3 ways Clavicle Fractures…
1. A fall on the outstretched arm... 2. A fall on the tip of the…
22 terms
Athletic Training Chapter 4
ROM
Active range of motion
Passive range of motion
agonist
Range of Motion
Ability to move a joint with little resistance
Motion of joint to end points without muscle contraction
muscle producing movement
ROM
Range of Motion
Active range of motion
Ability to move a joint with little resistance
19 terms
Chapter 4-Athletic Training
Abduction
Abrasion
Adduction
Aids
Movement away from the body, increasing the angle
A minor wound in which skin surface is robbed or scraped
Movement toward the body, decreasing the angle
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Abduction
Movement away from the body, increasing the angle
Abrasion
A minor wound in which skin surface is robbed or scraped
28 terms
Athletic Training Chapter 4
SAID Principle
Cardiorespiratory endurance
training effect
muscular strength
specific adaptation to imposed demands; when the body is subj…
the ability to perform whole-body, large-muscle activities fo…
stroke volume increases while heart rate is reduced at a give…
the maximum force that can be applied by a muscle during a si…
SAID Principle
specific adaptation to imposed demands; when the body is subj…
Cardiorespiratory endurance
the ability to perform whole-body, large-muscle activities fo…
35 terms
Athletic training unit 4
Incision
Abrasion
Contusion
Laceration
Open wound made by a cutting object or scalpel. Shouldn't hap…
Scraping off a layer of skin
Closed wound that bleeds under the skin; a bruise
Jagged, irregular open wound created by no cutting object
Incision
Open wound made by a cutting object or scalpel. Shouldn't hap…
Abrasion
Scraping off a layer of skin
40 terms
Athletic Training chapter 4
Therapeutic exercise is ..
CSCS by the ...
Principles of Conditioning
SAID principle
restoring normal body function
National strength and conditioning association (NSCA)
Safety, Warm up/cool down, motivation, overload,consistency,…
specific adapatiations to imposed demands. Body can take on s…
Therapeutic exercise is ..
restoring normal body function
CSCS by the ...
National strength and conditioning association (NSCA)
27 terms
Athletic training 4
Nerves in elbow/distal arm
Side of arm that bruises most?
How many Vertebraes in spine?
Major blood supply of elbow
Radial... Median ... Ulnar
Ulnar
33... 24 true... 9 false
Radial and ulnar
Nerves in elbow/distal arm
Radial... Median ... Ulnar
Side of arm that bruises most?
Ulnar
17 terms
Unit 4 Athletic Training
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
skeletal muscle
functions of skeletal muscle
lines digestive organs, involuntary
muscle that lines the heart, involuntary & straited
found almost everywhere, combo of vol and invol, striated
movement, protection, support, posture, insulation
smooth muscle
lines digestive organs, involuntary
cardiac muscle
muscle that lines the heart, involuntary & straited
12 terms
athletic training part 4
subluxation
dislocation
3 phases of the healing process
inflammatory response phase
bone comes partially out of the joint then goes back in
occurs when at least one bone in a joint is forced out of pla…
inflammatory response phase, fibroblastic repair phase, matur…
begins immediately following injury, most critical phase in t…
subluxation
bone comes partially out of the joint then goes back in
dislocation
occurs when at least one bone in a joint is forced out of pla…
45 terms
Athletic Training 3 and 4
Plane 1
Plane 2
Plane 3
Anatomical Position
transversal, upper and lower halves, rotational
frontal, front and back halves, lateral (side to side)
Sagittal, Right and left halves, forwards/backwards
palms facing forward, thumbs lateral
Plane 1
transversal, upper and lower halves, rotational
Plane 2
frontal, front and back halves, lateral (side to side)
75 terms
Athletic Training Exam 4
Thermal energy can be transferred by a…
Indirect heating through another mediu…
Ice water immersion is generally done…
When one is using ultrasound, the fiel…
Evaporation
Convection
50 to 60 degrees F
3 to 4 sq inches
Thermal energy can be transferred by a…
Evaporation
Indirect heating through another mediu…
Convection
Athletic Training Test #4
Primary Survey
Secondary Survey
Vital Signs
Immediate Signs of Emergency Problems
Try to determine if there are any life threatening conditions
Quick examination for injuries & how to transport patient
-Pulse is 60-100 bpm... -normal BP... -respiratory rate: 12-20 brea…
-Shock... -Severe Bleeding
Primary Survey
Try to determine if there are any life threatening conditions
Secondary Survey
Quick examination for injuries & how to transport patient
69 terms
Athletic Training Chap 4
conditioning principles
Warm-up/cool-down
motivation
overload
1.warm-up/cool down... 2.motivation... 3.overload... 4.consistency... 5.p…
important to help performance and reduce injury
mental focus is key to performing well
SAID principle, when the body is subjected to stresses and ov…
conditioning principles
1.warm-up/cool down... 2.motivation... 3.overload... 4.consistency... 5.p…
Warm-up/cool-down
important to help performance and reduce injury
14 terms
athletic training 4
with an elbow injury, where would you…
How should a fractured phalange be spl…
Name the two muscles that are the main…
Injury to what nerve causes paresthesi…
Colles' Fracture
inflextation around a gauze roll or a curved splint to avoid…
flexor cupiradialis... flexor corpulneris
ulnar collateral
with an elbow injury, where would you…
Colles' Fracture
How should a fractured phalange be spl…
inflextation around a gauze roll or a curved splint to avoid…
12 terms
athletic training chapter 4
articulate
callus
dislocation
faliure point
when bones come together at a joint
a bony splint
occurs when a significant force displaces bone so that the 2…
amount of force required to cause a fracture
articulate
when bones come together at a joint
callus
a bony splint
21 terms
Athletic Training test 4
contusions
myositis ossificans
hamstring strain
groin strain
caused by impact to a muscle, mechanism of injury is direct f…
mechanism of injury is repeated injury to the same area, can…
mechanism of injury include lack of stretching, lack of flexi…
affects the adductor muscles; mechanism of injury includes la…
contusions
caused by impact to a muscle, mechanism of injury is direct f…
myositis ossificans
mechanism of injury is repeated injury to the same area, can…
13 terms
Athletic Training Ch.4
Transitional Period
Preparatory Period
Preseason
In-season
post-season, after last competition, unstructured
Hypertrophy/endurance (off-season, high volume, low intensity…
Power phase, high intense, low volume, skill training, sport…
Competition, skill training, strategy, maintain, high intensi…
Transitional Period
post-season, after last competition, unstructured
Preparatory Period
Hypertrophy/endurance (off-season, high volume, low intensity…
18 terms
Athletic training chapter 4
A sprain is an injury to a ligament or…
A strain is an injury to a ligament or…
Abrasion
Contusion
Ligaments
Tendon
Scraping off a layer of skin
Closed wound, bruise
A sprain is an injury to a ligament or…
Ligaments
A strain is an injury to a ligament or…
Tendon
14 terms
Athletic Training Test 4
What are three ways clavical fractures…
shoulder impingement
rotator cuff muscles
usual cause of coleis fracture?
fall on outstretched hand, fall on tip of shoulder, or direct…
it hurts raising it above 90* and is a mechanical compression…
super sponatous, inferior sponatous, terisminor, suascapularis
fall on outstretched arm, distal 1/3
What are three ways clavical fractures…
fall on outstretched hand, fall on tip of shoulder, or direct…
shoulder impingement
it hurts raising it above 90* and is a mechanical compression…
16 terms
Athletic training test 4
3 ways clavicle fracture can occur?
Shoulder impingement 3 structures that…
What are the rotator cuff muscles?
clinical name for tennis elbow?
-falling on an out stretched arm... -a fall on the tip of the sh…
-supraspinatus tendon... -subcromial bursa... -and the long head of…
-supraspinatus... -subscalpularis... -infraspinatus... -teres minor
lateral epicondylitis
3 ways clavicle fracture can occur?
-falling on an out stretched arm... -a fall on the tip of the sh…
Shoulder impingement 3 structures that…
-supraspinatus tendon... -subcromial bursa... -and the long head of…
75 terms
Athletic Training Exam 4
Thermal energy can be transferred by a…
Indirect heating through another mediu…
Ice water immersion is generally done…
When one is using ultrasound, the fiel…
Evaporation
Convection
50 to 60 degrees F
3 to 4 sq inches
Thermal energy can be transferred by a…
Evaporation
Indirect heating through another mediu…
Convection
111 terms
athletic training exam 4
what composes the thoracic cavity
bones in the thoracic cavity
sternum and what ribs attach to it
4 regions of sternum
everything between the basic neck and the diaphragm
sternum and ribs
anterior attachment for ribs 1-7; 4 regions
sternal angle, manubrium, body, xiphoid process
what composes the thoracic cavity
everything between the basic neck and the diaphragm
bones in the thoracic cavity
sternum and ribs
20 terms
Athletic training quiz 4
Dislocation
Distal
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
Dorsal
A complete displacement of a bone at a joint.
Farthest away from the center of the body.
A written request giving permission to medical personnel not…
Back or posterior of any structure.
Dislocation
A complete displacement of a bone at a joint.
Distal
Farthest away from the center of the body.
33 terms
Athletic training test 4
diaphysis
epiphysis
periosteum
how does a stress fracture occur
shaft of the bone
hyaline cartilage covering
dense white fibrous covering of the bone
overload due to muscle contraction; altered stress distributi…
diaphysis
shaft of the bone
epiphysis
hyaline cartilage covering
Athletic training test 4
knee
MCL tear is caused by a ____ ____, don…
LCL tear is ___, and caused by a ___ ___
PCL tear is caused by _________, don't…
knee
Valgus Force
RARE, Varus force
hyperextension
knee
knee
MCL tear is caused by a ____ ____, don…
Valgus Force
139 terms
Athletic training test 4
Normal Phases (2)
Normal phase Foot. Stance
Normal phase Foot. Swing
Excessive Pronation Foot
1. Stance or support phase which starts at initial heel strik…
Accounts for 60% of gait cycle... Involves weight bearing in clo…
Period of non-weight bearing... Three periods... Initial swing... Mid…
Major cause of stress injuries due to overload of structures…
Normal Phases (2)
1. Stance or support phase which starts at initial heel strik…
Normal phase Foot. Stance
Accounts for 60% of gait cycle... Involves weight bearing in clo…
Athletic training test 4
3 ways clavicle fracture can occur?
Shoulder impingement 3 structures that…
What are the rotator cuff muscles?
clinical name for tennis elbow?
-falling on an out stretched arm... -a fall on the tip of the sh…
-supraspinatus tendon... -subcromial bursa... -and the long head of…
-supraspinatus... -subscalpularis... -infraspinatus... -teres minor
lateral epicondylitis
3 ways clavicle fracture can occur?
-falling on an out stretched arm... -a fall on the tip of the sh…
Shoulder impingement 3 structures that…
-supraspinatus tendon... -subcromial bursa... -and the long head of…
30 terms
Athletic Training Chapter 4
What does OSHA stand for?
When was OSHA established?
What is a bloodborn pathogen?
What are the basic provisions of OSHA?
Occupational Safety Health Administration
1992
Viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms that are carried i…
Identify employees covered ... Exposure plan... Methods of complian…
What does OSHA stand for?
Occupational Safety Health Administration
When was OSHA established?
1992
145 terms
Athletic Training Exam 4
History for Abdomen and Thorax
Blood in Urine
Observation for Abdomen and Thorax
Body position for thorax injury
Mech, contact, position, type of pain, referred pain, breathi…
hematuria
ABC's, pain w/ respiration, protecting chest, fetal, protrusi…
leaning towards side that is injured holding area with hand
History for Abdomen and Thorax
Mech, contact, position, type of pain, referred pain, breathi…
Blood in Urine
hematuria
34 terms
Athletic Training Exam 4
What are the four main ligaments of th…
What are the stability tests for each…
What is illiotibial band syndrome?
What injury is most likely when the at…
-MCL-medial collateral ligament ... -LCL-lateral collateral liga…
-determine instability by finding the endpoint feel of stretc…
-overuse injury of the connective issues that are located on…
-ACL
What are the four main ligaments of th…
-MCL-medial collateral ligament ... -LCL-lateral collateral liga…
What are the stability tests for each…
-determine instability by finding the endpoint feel of stretc…
16 terms
Athletic Training Test 4
Viral, Bacterial, and Fungal
Resistant to multiple antibiotics
1. Falling on an outstretched hand... 2.…
1. Supraspinatus tendon... 2. Subacromial…
The most common skin infections
What makes MERSA different than other staff infections?
How can you get a clavicle fracture/ broken collar bone?
Three structures that are involved with shoulder impingement?
Viral, Bacterial, and Fungal
The most common skin infections
Resistant to multiple antibiotics
What makes MERSA different than other staff infections?
16 terms
Athletic Training Test 4
What are three ways that clavicle frac…
What are the three structures involved…
What are the rotator cuff muscles?
What is the medical term for tennis el…
- fall on the outstretched arm... - fall on the tip of the shoul…
- supraspinatus... - subacromial bursa... - long head of the biceps…
(SITS)... Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres minor, subscapularis
lateral epicondylitis
What are three ways that clavicle frac…
- fall on the outstretched arm... - fall on the tip of the shoul…
What are the three structures involved…
- supraspinatus... - subacromial bursa... - long head of the biceps…
107 terms
Advanced Athletic Training Test 4
The scapula fossa that articulates wit…
The most important and most commonly i…
Which of the following muscles is not…
In which phase of the throwing motion…
B
C
D
C
The scapula fossa that articulates wit…
B
The most important and most commonly i…
C
123 terms
Advance Athletic Training Exam 4
Hyperlordosis
Kypholordotic posture
Scapulohumeral rythm
Shoulder elevation @ 0-30 degrees
Excessive lumbar lordosis without compensation in the thoraci…
Excessive lumbar lordosis with compensatory increase in ... thor…
the movement in a coordinated fashion between the scapula and…
no elevation
Hyperlordosis
Excessive lumbar lordosis without compensation in the thoraci…
Kypholordotic posture
Excessive lumbar lordosis with compensatory increase in ... thor…
16 terms
AT 115- What is Athletic Training & PPE
Define Sports Medicine
What are the primary members of the sp…
Year that National Athletic Trainer As…
Year of first certification for AT
multi-disciplinary branch of the health care system that is a…
Team Physician-PPE, diagnosis, treatment,advises... Coach- basic…
1950
1970
Define Sports Medicine
multi-disciplinary branch of the health care system that is a…
What are the primary members of the sp…
Team Physician-PPE, diagnosis, treatment,advises... Coach- basic…
90 terms
Athletic Training Chapter 1-4
Liability
SOAP Notes
Treatment log
Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)
State of being legally responsible for the harm one causes to…
Subjective (injury history)... Objective (eval)... Assessment (opin…
Sign in, daily treatment, protect against litigation, daily t…
Athletes make final decision, potential disqualification fact…
Liability
State of being legally responsible for the harm one causes to…
SOAP Notes
Subjective (injury history)... Objective (eval)... Assessment (opin…
84 terms
Athletic Training 2100 Test #4
initial contact
loading response
midstance
terminal stance
initial contact
loading response
54 terms
Athletic Training- History of AT, SOP, SM Team
1950
1959
1969
1970
national AT association began
guidelines for AT programs began
Board of Certification (BOC) began
Certification of AT's began
1950
national AT association began
1959
guidelines for AT programs began
62 terms
Athletic Training Exam 4 (Injuries)
Acute Femoral Fractures
Femoral Stress Fractures
Hip Flexor Strain (groin/adductor)
Trochanteric Bursitis
Etiology-great deal of force to the shaft which commonly occu…
Etiology-due to overuse or excessive downhill running or jump…
Etiology-injury most common to adductor longus from running,…
Etiology-inflammation at site where gluteus medius inserts or…
Acute Femoral Fractures
Etiology-great deal of force to the shaft which commonly occu…
Femoral Stress Fractures
Etiology-due to overuse or excessive downhill running or jump…
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