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Study sets matching "atoms minerals"

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Study sets matching "atoms minerals"

53 terms
Atoms and Minerals
mass
ionic
brilliance
covalent
measurement of the amount of material in an object
exchange of electrons between atoms to produce full outer she…
great brightness; luster
bonding in which atoms share electrons in their outermost she…
mass
measurement of the amount of material in an object
ionic
exchange of electrons between atoms to produce full outer she…
41 terms
Atoms, Elements, & Minerals
atom
atomic mass number
atomic number
biotite
Smallest possible particle of an element that retains the pro…
The total number of neutrons and protons in an atom.
The total number of protons in an atom.
Iron/magnesium bearing mica.
atom
Smallest possible particle of an element that retains the pro…
atomic mass number
The total number of neutrons and protons in an atom.
23 terms
Chapter 5 Atoms to Minerals
atomic number
carbonate
cleavage
compound
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
A substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
carbonate
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
34 terms
Atoms + Minerals
Atom
Density
Ion
Mineral
The Basic Unit Of A Chemical Element
The Degree Of Compactness Of A Substance
an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Atom
The Basic Unit Of A Chemical Element
Density
The Degree Of Compactness Of A Substance
33 terms
atoms & minerals
atom*
density*
ion*
mineral*
the smallest unit of an element
mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed as gra…
an atom or molecule thet possesses an electrical charge
a naturally occurring, inorganic crystalline material with a…
atom*
the smallest unit of an element
density*
mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed as gra…
27 terms
Atoms/Minerals
Matter
Atomic Number
Atomic mass number
Volume
Anything that has mass and volume
The number of protons in the nucleus
The number of protons and neutrons
The amount of space something occupies
Matter
Anything that has mass and volume
Atomic Number
The number of protons in the nucleus
15 terms
Minerals & Atoms
hardness
streak
formula for density
cleavage
This test is used to determine how resistant a mineral is to…
This test is used to determine the color of the inside of a m…
Mass/Volume
A mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces
hardness
This test is used to determine how resistant a mineral is to…
streak
This test is used to determine the color of the inside of a m…
54 terms
Atoms and Minerals
mass
ionic
brilliance
covalent
measurement of the amount of material in an object
exchange of electrons between atoms to produce full outer she…
great brightness; luster
bonding in which atoms share electrons in their outermost she…
mass
measurement of the amount of material in an object
ionic
exchange of electrons between atoms to produce full outer she…
26 terms
Minerals/Atoms
Define a mineral:
What are the properties of minerals th…
List the special properties of mineral…
Do all minerals have luster?
Naturally formed, inorganic solids, with a definite chemical…
Hardness, streak, cleavage, fracture, density, color, luster…
Chemical-calcite, texture-talc, smell-sulfur, taste-halite, o…
yes
Define a mineral:
Naturally formed, inorganic solids, with a definite chemical…
What are the properties of minerals th…
Hardness, streak, cleavage, fracture, density, color, luster…
Atoms And Minerals
Atom
Mineral
Density
Silicate
The smallest unit of an element
An inorganic material
Heaviness
A salt
Atom
The smallest unit of an element
Mineral
An inorganic material
8 terms
Atoms/ Minerals
Electron
Proton
Atom
Molecule
a negatively charged subatomic particle
is subatomic particle
the smallest unit of measure
A group of atoms bonded together. Is only made up of a few at…
Electron
a negatively charged subatomic particle
Proton
is subatomic particle
Minerals and atoms
Mineral
Element
Crystal
Streak
A substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has definite ch…
A substance that can't be broken down into a simplier substan…
A solid substance in with atoms are arranged in an orderly,re…
is the way the color of the powder left behind when the miner…
Mineral
A substance that forms in nature, is a solid, has definite ch…
Element
A substance that can't be broken down into a simplier substan…
20 terms
Atoms to minerals
Matter
Atom
Electron
Proton
Anything that has mass and volume
Smallest part of an element that has all properties of that e…
Negative charge
Positive charge
Matter
Anything that has mass and volume
Atom
Smallest part of an element that has all properties of that e…
39 terms
Atoms and Minerals
Matter
Element
Atom
electron
anything that has mass and volume, which is everything on Earth
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler form
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
negatively charged particles that move around the center of t…
Matter
anything that has mass and volume, which is everything on Earth
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler form
40 terms
Atoms to Minerals
Ag
Cu
Gypsum
Phosphorus
used in film developing
used in electrical wiring
Used in dry wall
Used in fertilizer
Ag
used in film developing
Cu
used in electrical wiring
Atoms and Minerals
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Smallest particle of an element, includes Protons, Neutrons,…
Positively charges in the nucleus
Negative charges in the nucleus
negative charges outside the atom, do not fall due to centrip…
Atoms
Smallest particle of an element, includes Protons, Neutrons,…
Protons
Positively charges in the nucleus
34 terms
Atoms and minerals
Atom
Density
Ion
mineral
The basic unit of an element
Mass per unit volume of a substance
an atom or molecule that possess an electric charge
A natural occuring, inorganic cyrstalline material with a uni…
Atom
The basic unit of an element
Density
Mass per unit volume of a substance
49 terms
atoms and minerals
atom
atomic number
cleavage
compound
Smallest part of an element
the number of protons
flat surfaces that are parallel to one another
when two elements chemically combine
atom
Smallest part of an element
atomic number
the number of protons
34 terms
Atoms and Minerals
Atom
Density
Ion
Mineral
The Basic Unit Of A Chemical Element
The Degree Of Compactness Of A Substance
an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Atom
The Basic Unit Of A Chemical Element
Density
The Degree Of Compactness Of A Substance
16 terms
Atoms to Minerals
Protons and neutrons
A positively charged particle
A particle with a neutral charge
A negatively charged particle
What is in the nucleus of an atom?
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Protons and neutrons
What is in the nucleus of an atom?
A positively charged particle
Proton
27 terms
Atoms and Minerals
Which of the following is a required c…
What determines the element that an at…
What are the two most common elements…
What determines the bonding properties…
all of the above
the number of protons
silicon and oxygen
the number of electrons in the outer shell
Which of the following is a required c…
all of the above
What determines the element that an at…
the number of protons
26 terms
Atoms/Minerals/Rocks
Element
Atomic Number
Mass number
Isotope
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other su…
Number of protons in the nucleus
Sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a…
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other su…
Atomic Number
Number of protons in the nucleus
25 terms
Minerals and Atoms
Minerals are naturally occuring,
Minerals are composed of
Atoms are composed of
Why are chemical bonds formed between…
inorganic, crystalline solids.
atoms and elements bonded together.
protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Because electrons from the atoms interact with each other.
Minerals are naturally occuring,
inorganic, crystalline solids.
Minerals are composed of
atoms and elements bonded together.
43 terms
Atoms and Minerals
Which of the following is required cha…
What determines the element that an at…
What are the two most common elements…
What determines the bonding properties…
Inorganic solid... Naturally formed... Distinct Chemical Formula... Or…
The number of protons
Silicon and oxygen
The number of electrons in the nucleus
Which of the following is required cha…
Inorganic solid... Naturally formed... Distinct Chemical Formula... Or…
What determines the element that an at…
The number of protons
26 terms
Atoms and Minerals
What determines the element that an at…
What are the two most common elements…
What determines the bonding properties…
What do we call atoms with the same nu…
The number of protons
Silicon and oxygen
The number of electrons in the outer shell
Isotopes
What determines the element that an at…
The number of protons
What are the two most common elements…
Silicon and oxygen
10 terms
Atoms to minerals
What is matter?
What is mass?
What is volume?
How is mass different from weight?
Anything that has mass and volume
Measure of amount of material
Amount of space taken up by an object
Weight measures force of gravity
What is matter?
Anything that has mass and volume
What is mass?
Measure of amount of material
13 terms
Atoms to Minerals
What is in the nucleus of an atom?
What is an atom?
What is an element?
What is a covalent bond?
...protons and neutrons
...particles of matter
...substances that can be split into simpler substances
...chemical bond that involves sharing of electrons pairs wit…
What is in the nucleus of an atom?
...protons and neutrons
What is an atom?
...particles of matter
23 terms
Chapter 5 Atoms to Minerals
atomic number
carbonate
cleavage
compound
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
A substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
carbonate
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
Mineral and Atoms
Atom
Density
Ion
mineral
the smallest unit of element
Density is a measure of mass per unit of volume, compactness
an atom or molecule with a net electric charge due to the los…
a naturally occurring, inorganic crystalline material with a…
Atom
the smallest unit of element
Density
Density is a measure of mass per unit of volume, compactness
26 terms
Atoms, Mineral and Rocks
intrusive igneous
extrusive igneous
foliated metamorphic
unfoliated metamorphic
Igneous rock that formed below Earth's surface; Granite
rock that forms from the cooling and solidification of lava A…
Rock formed by heat and pressure, in which heat and pressure…
Rock formed by heat and pressure have little or no banding an…
intrusive igneous
Igneous rock that formed below Earth's surface; Granite
extrusive igneous
rock that forms from the cooling and solidification of lava A…
20 terms
Atoms to Mineral
where do large crystals form
where do small crystals form
what are minerals grouped by
list 4 ways minerals can form
slow cooling magma
fast cooling magma
chemical makeup
magma, evaporation, hot water solution, other minerals
where do large crystals form
slow cooling magma
where do small crystals form
fast cooling magma
91 terms
Unit 10 - Atoms, Elements, Minerals & Mineral ID
Sulfur
Magnetite
Gypsum
Quartz
Sulfur
Magnetite
11 terms
White Minerals and Atoms
Cleavage
Crystal
Fracture
Luster
The tendency of a mineral to split along defined planes
A regular geometric solid with smooth surfaces called faces
The breaking of a mineral in directions other than along clea…
The way the mineral shines in light
Cleavage
The tendency of a mineral to split along defined planes
Crystal
A regular geometric solid with smooth surfaces called faces
50 terms
Part 1 Atoms, Minerals
Atom
Element
Mineral
Rock
Smallest individual particle retaining properties of an element
Fundamental substances into which matter can be broken down c…
Naturally Formed inorganic solid that has a specific chemical…
Naturally Formed, Coherent mass of one or more minerals, some…
Atom
Smallest individual particle retaining properties of an element
Element
Fundamental substances into which matter can be broken down c…
17 terms
Chapter 3: Atoms to Minerals
atom
atomic number
compound
covalent bond
the smallest part of an element that has all of the propertie…
number of protons in nucleus of atom
a substance consisting of two or more elements chemically com…
the bond formed from the sharing of electrons by atoms
atom
the smallest part of an element that has all of the propertie…
atomic number
number of protons in nucleus of atom
23 terms
Chapter 5 Atoms to Minerals
atomic number
carbonate
cleavage
compound
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
A substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
carbonate
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
24 terms
Atoms, Elements, and Minerals
Element
Atom
What are the following charges for the…
Molecule
Substance that can't be broken down into others by ordinary c…
Smallest particle of an element that retains properties of sa…
Protons (+)... Neutrons (neutral)... Electrons (-)
Smallest unit of compound that retains properties of that sub…
Element
Substance that can't be broken down into others by ordinary c…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains properties of sa…
Minerals and Atoms Test
atom
proton
neutron
electron
the smallest unit of an element that has the chemical propert…
positively charged particles in the nucleus
neutrally charged particles in the nucleus
negatively charged particles in the electron clouds
atom
the smallest unit of an element that has the chemical propert…
proton
positively charged particles in the nucleus
21 terms
Atoms, Electrons, Minerals, & Rocks (2016)
element
atomic number
atomic mass
isotope
A natural or artificial substance that cannot be broken down…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
The number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom.
An atom with the same amount of protons but different amount…
element
A natural or artificial substance that cannot be broken down…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
29 terms
ATOMS, ELEMENTS, MINERALS, ROCKS
Atom
Element
Mineral
Rock
Smallest individual particle retaining properties of an element
Fundamental substances into which matter can be broken down c…
Naturally formed inorganic solid that has a specific chemical…
Naturally formed, coherent mass of one or more minerals, some…
Atom
Smallest individual particle retaining properties of an element
Element
Fundamental substances into which matter can be broken down c…
10 terms
Atoms: Building Blocks of Minerals
What does an element's atomic number r…
What is an element?
What is a chemical compound?
What is the octet rule?
The number of protons in the element's nucleus.
A group of the same atoms.
Atoms of one element joined with atoms of another element.
Atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons until they are s…
What does an element's atomic number r…
The number of protons in the element's nucleus.
What is an element?
A group of the same atoms.
28 terms
Chapter 2: Atoms and Minerals
Which of the following is a required c…
What determines the element that an at…
What are the two most common elements…
What determines the bonding properties…
All of the Above
The number of protons
Silicon and Oxygen
The number of electrons in the outer shell
Which of the following is a required c…
All of the Above
What determines the element that an at…
The number of protons
27 terms
Atoms/Minerals/Rocks
Element
Atomic number
Mass number
Isotope
is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
is the number of protons in an atom's nucleus
is the combined number of protons and neutrons
are atoms of the same element that have different mass number…
Element
is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
Atomic number
is the number of protons in an atom's nucleus
19 terms
chapter 3 Atoms to Minerals
Matter
Mass
Volume
Density
something that has mass and volume
the amount of material in a object
the amount of space taken up by an object
The combination of mass and volume
Matter
something that has mass and volume
Mass
the amount of material in a object
49 terms
Atoms, Elements, and Minerals
What is the difference between rocks a…
Elements are made up of
Rock
Mineral
Rocks are make of minerals and minerals are made of elements.
Atoms
Naturally formed, consolidated material, composed of one or m…
Must be a crystalline solid, occur naturally, be inorganic (m…
What is the difference between rocks a…
Rocks are make of minerals and minerals are made of elements.
Elements are made up of
Atoms
23 terms
Chapter 5 Atoms to Minerals
atomic number
carbonate
cleavage
compound
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
A substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
carbonate
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
34 terms
Vocab for atoms, Minerals, and Keys
Density
Ion
Mineral
Silicate
mass per unit volume of substance, usually expressed as grams…
an atom or a molecule that possesses an electrical charge
a naturally occurring, inorganic crystalline material with a…
any one of numerous mineral that have the oxygen and silicon…
Density
mass per unit volume of substance, usually expressed as grams…
Ion
an atom or a molecule that possesses an electrical charge
22 terms
Chapter 5 ATOMS TO MINERALS
Element
Atomic number
Isotopes
Mass number
Is a substance that cannot be broken into simpler substances…
The number of protons in the nucleus and is equal to the numb…
Atoms of element that have different masses
Of any given isotope is the sum of the numbers of protons and…
Element
Is a substance that cannot be broken into simpler substances…
Atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus and is equal to the numb…
35 terms
Atoms, Elements, and Minerals
Rocks
Minerals
Silicate Minerals
Olivine [(FeMg)2SiO4]
A naturally formed material composed of one or more minerals.
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
Represt the builiding of tetrahedra. Olivine, pyroxene, amphi…
Gray-green or brown. Isolated silicate structure mineral.
Rocks
A naturally formed material composed of one or more minerals.
Minerals
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid that has…
19 terms
Minerals, atoms and elements
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Atomic number
-Positive charge... -Same as the atomic number... -Inside nucleus
-Neutral charge... -inside nucleus
-Negative charge... -Found in electron cloud outside of nucleus
-Number of protons in the nucleus... -there are an equal number…
Protons
-Positive charge... -Same as the atomic number... -Inside nucleus
Neutrons
-Neutral charge... -inside nucleus
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