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Study sets matching "attribution inference"

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Study sets matching "attribution inference"

9 terms
Social inference and attributions
Attribution
Hieder
Correspondent inference
Harris
Assigning cause to our own and others behaviour.
People make basic theories and assumptions of human behaviour…
We attribute people's behaviour to underlying dispositions an…
Students make correspondent inferences about other students s…
Attribution
Assigning cause to our own and others behaviour.
Hieder
People make basic theories and assumptions of human behaviour…
28 terms
Lecture 12: Attributable Risk & Causal Inference
Attributable Risk Measures
Attributable Risk (AR) among Exposed
AR Percent among Exposed
What does Attributable Risk need?
-Difference in risks: Risk difference... Risk in exposed-Risk i…
Amount or proportion of disease incidence attributed to expos…
(Incidence (exposed)-Incidence (unexp))/Incidence exposed x100
Incidence
Attributable Risk Measures
-Difference in risks: Risk difference... Risk in exposed-Risk i…
Attributable Risk (AR) among Exposed
Amount or proportion of disease incidence attributed to expos…
10 terms
Attribution
dispositional attribution
situational attribution
correction model
Gilbert's three-stage model
an inference that the causes of behavior are internal charact…
an inference that the causes of behavior are external circums…
people automatically fixate on disposition; people lack the a…
behavior identification, dispositional attribution, correctio…
dispositional attribution
an inference that the causes of behavior are internal charact…
situational attribution
an inference that the causes of behavior are external circums…
12 terms
Perception & Attribution
Perception
Factors Influencing Perception
Attribution Theory
Conserving Mental Effort
A process by which individuals organize and interpret their s…
Situation... Perceiver (Attribution Theory)... Target
Suggests that perceivers try to "attribute" the observed beha…
Dispositional inferences... Correspondence bias (fundamental att…
Perception
A process by which individuals organize and interpret their s…
Factors Influencing Perception
Situation... Perceiver (Attribution Theory)... Target
10 terms
attribution
attribution
attribution theory
dispositional attribution
situational attribution
making inferences about causes of others behaviors.
fritz heider. dispositional attribution and situational attri…
internal attribution. causes of behavior is due to personal f…
external. causes of behavior is due to situations demands and…
attribution
making inferences about causes of others behaviors.
attribution theory
fritz heider. dispositional attribution and situational attri…
26 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Attribution theories
Heider and Simmel study (1944)
Dispositional attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior
Theories about how people explain causes
Shapes moving around... Attribution is fundamental and automatic
An inference about the cause of behavior... Cause: internal fact…
Attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior
Attribution theories
Theories about how people explain causes
20 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Thin Slicing
Halo Effect
Dispositional Attribution
Inference about the cause of some social behavior
Finding patterns, inferring behaviors, and forming attributio…
When a perceiver's impression of one attribute influences the…
Behavior caused by internal factors (internal characteristics)
Attribution
Inference about the cause of some social behavior
Thin Slicing
Finding patterns, inferring behaviors, and forming attributio…
28 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Attribution Theories
Heider and Simmel
Dispositional Attribution
-An inference about the cause of behavior... -The answers we gen…
-Theories about how people explain causes... -Not how people sho…
Attribution is fundamental and automatic... -No instructions to…
-An inference about the cause of behavior... -Cause: internal fa…
Attribution
-An inference about the cause of behavior... -The answers we gen…
Attribution Theories
-Theories about how people explain causes... -Not how people sho…
8 terms
Psychology: Attribution Theory
Attribution
actor-observer effect
actor-observer effect
situational factors
How people interpret and explain causal relationships in the…
From observing other people's actions, people make inferences…
People tend to make an attribution about behavior depending o…
When people discuss their own behavior, they tend to attribut…
Attribution
How people interpret and explain causal relationships in the…
actor-observer effect
From observing other people's actions, people make inferences…
30 terms
ch 5- Attribution Exam 2
Basics of Attribution
Heider & Simmel (1944)
Dispositional Attribution
situational attribution
an inference about the cause of a behavior ... -The answers we…
Circles and triangles... attribution is fundamental and automat…
an inference about the cause of behavior.... -Internal factors…
an inference about the cause of behavior.... -external factors…
Basics of Attribution
an inference about the cause of a behavior ... -The answers we…
Heider & Simmel (1944)
Circles and triangles... attribution is fundamental and automat…
13 terms
Attribution
Attribution Theory
Internal attribution
External attribution
Correspondent inference theory
- Heider... - we have a basic need to attribute causality... - it g…
- locates cause as being internal to the person... - personality…
- locates cause as being external to person... - actions of othe…
- when people make social inferences they try to assume that…
Attribution Theory
- Heider... - we have a basic need to attribute causality... - it g…
Internal attribution
- locates cause as being internal to the person... - personality…
17 terms
Attribution
Social perception
Attribution theory
Internal/personal factors
External/situational factors
how people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
Internal/personal factors... External/situational factors... Corres…
an explanation of a person's behavior as caused by dispositio…
an explanation of a person's behavior as caused by situationa…
Social perception
how people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
Attribution theory
Internal/personal factors... External/situational factors... Corres…
26 terms
Attribution
Definition of Attribution
Definition of Attribution Theories
Heider and Simmel Study
Definition of disposition attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior • The answers we gen…
Attribution Theories • Theories about how people explain caus…
Attribution is fundamental and automatic No instructions to…
An inference about the cause of behavior • Cause: internal fa…
Definition of Attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior • The answers we gen…
Definition of Attribution Theories
Attribution Theories • Theories about how people explain caus…
23 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Dispositional attribution
Situational attribution
Correspondent inferences
Inferences about the causes of behavior... They are the answers…
Cause due to internal factors (traits, attitudes, etc.)
Cause due to external factors (situation)
When is it reasonable to make dispositional inferences?
Attribution
Inferences about the causes of behavior... They are the answers…
Dispositional attribution
Cause due to internal factors (traits, attitudes, etc.)
16 terms
Attribution
Definition
General Theories of Attribution (Heide…
General Theories of Attribution (Kelle…
Consensus
Process by which we infer the causes of our own and other peo…
analyzing naive psychology (how the average person makes sens…
Describes how perceivers analyze behavioral information... > Pe…
Do people react similarly to this particular stimulus?
Definition
Process by which we infer the causes of our own and other peo…
General Theories of Attribution (Heide…
analyzing naive psychology (how the average person makes sens…
27 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Thin Slicing
Limited Processing Capacity
Dispositional Attributions
An inference we make about the cause of behavior
Ability to find patterns, infer behaviors, and form attributi…
Humans cannot physically perceive, encode, store, and retriev…
Idea that behavior is caused by internal factors or caused by…
Attribution
An inference we make about the cause of behavior
Thin Slicing
Ability to find patterns, infer behaviors, and form attributi…
35 terms
ATTRIBUTION
Casual Attribution
Three reasons why attribution matters
Three logical models
Hieder's two types of causes
Assigning cause to an event or behaviour with an explanation…
1. Affects emotions... 2. Affects motivation... 3. Affects the reac…
1. Heider's 2 types of causes ... 2. Jone's correspondent theory…
Intentional actions and unintentional behaviour. People const…
Casual Attribution
Assigning cause to an event or behaviour with an explanation…
Three reasons why attribution matters
1. Affects emotions... 2. Affects motivation... 3. Affects the reac…
14 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Heider
Attribution Theory
Internal Attribution (dispositional at…
The questioning of ones behavior and the judgement about the…
-naive scientists; gather info so we can explain why people a…
We have this need as human beings to attribute causes to peop…
Explanation or the cause of the behavior being due to somethi…
Attribution
The questioning of ones behavior and the judgement about the…
Heider
-naive scientists; gather info so we can explain why people a…
18 terms
Attribution
What is attribution?
Fritz Heider (attribution researcher)
Two types of attribution
Correspondent inference theory (Jones…
-Inferences about the causes of behavior... -Answers that come u…
Theories about how people explain behavior do not always matc…
-Dispositional: internal factors (attitudes, character traits…
People make inferences about a person based on:... -when their a…
What is attribution?
-Inferences about the causes of behavior... -Answers that come u…
Fritz Heider (attribution researcher)
Theories about how people explain behavior do not always matc…
26 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Attribution theories
Heider and Simmel study (1944)
Dispositional attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior
Theories about how people explain causes
Shapes moving around... Attribution is fundamental and automatic
An inference about the cause of behavior... Cause: internal fact…
Attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior
Attribution theories
Theories about how people explain causes
26 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Stable-Internal
Unstable-Internal
Stable-External
-how to assign cause for people's behaviors... -• Constantly try…
Personality, traits
Mood, motivation
Re-ocurring situation
Attribution
-how to assign cause for people's behaviors... -• Constantly try…
Stable-Internal
Personality, traits
15 terms
Attribution
Attribution Basics
Heider, 1958
Theory of Correspondent Inference... Jone…
Non-Common Effects
Assigning a cause to behavior... Usually used to infer dispositi…
People make their own theories to explain behavior (naive)... Ca…
Related to behavior and its connection to disposition... Non-Com…
Actions that lead to 1 outcome imply the outcome was intended…
Attribution Basics
Assigning a cause to behavior... Usually used to infer dispositi…
Heider, 1958
People make their own theories to explain behavior (naive)... Ca…
19 terms
Attribution
social perception
attribution
personal attribution
situational attribution
the process by which people come to understand others
trying to understand the cause of someones behavior
internal ... something about the person is causing behavior
situation explains behavior
social perception
the process by which people come to understand others
attribution
trying to understand the cause of someones behavior
27 terms
Attribution
People have a bias for making disposit…
Attribution theory
Correspondence inference theory
Castro study
Ichheiser 1943
Heider 1958
Jones and Davies 1965
Jones and Haris 1967
People have a bias for making disposit…
Ichheiser 1943
Attribution theory
Heider 1958
29 terms
Attribution
Attribution dimensions
Internal vs. external
stable vs. unstable
Examples of attribution dimensions:
Internal vs. external, stable vs. unstable
more about the person vs. there was something in the environm…
whether you expect the behavior and cause to occur repeatedly…
internal stable is personality, external stable is a re-occur…
Attribution dimensions
Internal vs. external, stable vs. unstable
Internal vs. external
more about the person vs. there was something in the environm…
22 terms
Chapter 5: attribution
attribution
Heider and Simmel
dispositional attribution
situational attribution
an inference about the cause of behavior, why someone acted a…
Attribution is fundamental and automatic, people don't see fa…
an inference about the cause of behavior. cause: internal fac…
an inference about the cause of behavior, cause: external fac…
attribution
an inference about the cause of behavior, why someone acted a…
Heider and Simmel
Attribution is fundamental and automatic, people don't see fa…
26 terms
Attribution
Heider and Simpel Demo
Inferring Mental States
Invisible States and Traits
Actual inference (incorrect)
We were shown a video of shaped "interacting" but there actua…
-We infer mental states for inanimate objects just like we in…
Traits-->States-->Intention-->Behavior... Ex. generally angry pe…
Behavior-->Intentions-->States-->Traits... "Affirming the conseq…
Heider and Simpel Demo
We were shown a video of shaped "interacting" but there actua…
Inferring Mental States
-We infer mental states for inanimate objects just like we in…
35 terms
4) Attribution
Attribution theory
Internal vs. external attribution
Explanatory style
Covariation theory
study of how people understand the causes of events
an explanation that implicates the self vs. an explanation ab…
a person's habitual way of explaining events
theory that seeks to determine which causes covary with the e…
Attribution theory
study of how people understand the causes of events
Internal vs. external attribution
an explanation that implicates the self vs. an explanation ab…
24 terms
Lecture 5: Attribution
social perception
attribution theory
internal/personal factors
external/situational factors
how people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
What caused this to occur? i.e. we look to both internal and…
ex.) The hockey players are aggressive people and that's why…
ex.) This is just hockey culture.
social perception
how people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
attribution theory
What caused this to occur? i.e. we look to both internal and…
11 terms
Attribution
Under what conditions can we infer ano…
How do we judge the behavior of others…
Consensus
Consistency
1. freely chosen... 2. fewer non-common effects... 3. less socially…
1. Consensus... 2. Consistency... 3. Distinctiveness... 4. Modality of…
do others react the same?
does the person act the same over time?
Under what conditions can we infer ano…
1. freely chosen... 2. fewer non-common effects... 3. less socially…
How do we judge the behavior of others…
1. Consensus... 2. Consistency... 3. Distinctiveness... 4. Modality of…
24 terms
Attribution
attribution
attribution theory
internal attribution
external attribution
Judgment that is made about the cause of a behavior either ou…
Description of the way in which people explain the causes of…
People infer that a person is behaving a certain way because…
People infer that a person is behaving in a certain way becau…
attribution
Judgment that is made about the cause of a behavior either ou…
attribution theory
Description of the way in which people explain the causes of…
15 terms
Attribution
Attribution Theory
Fritz Heider
Covariation Theory
Discounting principle
A group of ideas that describe how people explain the causes…
Founder of attribution theory. 2 types of attribution: intern…
consistency - history... consensus - other people's behavior... dis…
As number of possible causes for event increase, confidence t…
Attribution Theory
A group of ideas that describe how people explain the causes…
Fritz Heider
Founder of attribution theory. 2 types of attribution: intern…
35 terms
Attribution and social knowledge
attribution
naive psychologist/scientist
internal/dispositional attribution
external/situational attribution
Att hitta en förklaring till andras och vårt egna beteende.
Heider menade att alla människor skapar orsaksförklaringar ti…
Förklaringen har med någons personlighet att göra. Heider.
Förklaringen har med miljö och omständigheter att göra. Heider.
attribution
Att hitta en förklaring till andras och vårt egna beteende.
naive psychologist/scientist
Heider menade att alla människor skapar orsaksförklaringar ti…
12 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Naive Psychology
The co-variation model
Consistency
The process by which people use information to make inference…
A general theory explaining why people make "common-sense" (n…
theory outline how people make attributions... loci of causatio…
Does the behavior always happen in this setting/ situation
Attribution
The process by which people use information to make inference…
Naive Psychology
A general theory explaining why people make "common-sense" (n…
37 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Types d'attribution
Fonctions de l'attribution
Biais de l'attribution
Façon dont les individus expliquent naïvement les évènements…
internes/externes;stables/instables;contrôlables/incontrôlables
Maîtrise de l'environnement; économie cognitive; estime de so…
Erreur fondamentale d'attribution, le faux consensus, le biai…
Attribution
Façon dont les individus expliquent naïvement les évènements…
Types d'attribution
internes/externes;stables/instables;contrôlables/incontrôlables
11 terms
Attribution
Attribution Processes
Why do we make attributions?
Why do people make distorted attributi…
When is it most common for people to m…
Are inferences that people draw about the causes of events, o…
We have a need to understand our experiences, behaviors; as w…
To maintain self image.
When unusual events happen, people behave in unusual ways, wh…
Attribution Processes
Are inferences that people draw about the causes of events, o…
Why do we make attributions?
We have a need to understand our experiences, behaviors; as w…
50 terms
Attribution: Chapter 5
Attribution
Attribution Theories
Heider and Simmel (1944)
Dispositional Attribution
An inference (never the truth) about the cause of behavior ... T…
Theories about how people explain causes ... *Not how people sho…
First impressions ... Attribution is fundamental and automatic…
An inference about the cause of behavior ... Cause: internal fac…
Attribution
An inference (never the truth) about the cause of behavior ... T…
Attribution Theories
Theories about how people explain causes ... *Not how people sho…
23 terms
Lecture 5: Attribution
social perception
attribution theory
internal/personal factors
external/situational factors
how people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
What caused this to occur? i.e. we look to both internal and…
ex.) The hockey players are aggressive people and that's why…
ex.) This is just hockey culture.
social perception
how people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
attribution theory
What caused this to occur? i.e. we look to both internal and…
19 terms
Making Inference and Plot
Inference
Plot
Background Knowledge
Text Clues
are often open-ended and may remain unresolved when the story…
is the organized pattern or sequence of events that makes up…
prior knowledge
facts that are within the story.
Inference
are often open-ended and may remain unresolved when the story…
Plot
is the organized pattern or sequence of events that makes up…
31 terms
Chapter 3- Attribution
Attribution
Heiders' Theory of Naive Psychology
3 principles
Jones & Davis' Theory- correspondent i…
the process of assigning a cause to our own behavior and that…
model of social cognition that characterized people as using…
discover other peoples motives... focus on stable and enduring p…
casual attribution of behavior to underlying disposition
Attribution
the process of assigning a cause to our own behavior and that…
Heiders' Theory of Naive Psychology
model of social cognition that characterized people as using…
Attribution
Heider's Naive Psychology
Jones and Davis (1965) Correspondent i…
'Non common effects'
'Alternative causes'
People are determined to find the causes of others behaviour…
The challenge of attribution is to determine whether a person…
What are the distinctive consequences of a chosen cause of ac…
Car accident- perfect day; drinking, stormy day; drinking ... -…
Heider's Naive Psychology
People are determined to find the causes of others behaviour…
Jones and Davis (1965) Correspondent i…
The challenge of attribution is to determine whether a person…
18 terms
Lecture 10 - Attribution
Attribution
Internal attribution
External attribution
Consensus
The process by which we infer the causes of our own and other…
Something about the person (actor) caused the behaviour
Something about the situation caused the behaviour
The name regarding the people... -> Do other people react simila…
Attribution
The process by which we infer the causes of our own and other…
Internal attribution
Something about the person (actor) caused the behaviour
37 terms
Ch 5: Attribution
Attribution
Attribution Theories
HEIDER & SIMMEL (1944)
depositional attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior ... The answers we gen…
Theories about how people explain causes • Not how people sho…
Attribution is fundamental and automatic ... No instructions to…
An inference about the cause of behavior... Cause: internal fac…
Attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior ... The answers we gen…
Attribution Theories
Theories about how people explain causes • Not how people sho…
20 terms
ATTRIBUTION
What are the 3 approaches of categoris…
Types of Schemas (cognitive representa…
Subliminal Priming Study (Bargh et al…
Sagar & Schofield Racial Bias 1980
1. Prototypical... 2. Exemplar e.g. Bambi as deer... 3. Associative…
Personal (individualised) ... Role... Scripts (schemas about events)
old-age stereotype, people behave accordingly to primed schem…
40 African American (AA), 40 White (W) ... Ambiguous drawings wi…
What are the 3 approaches of categoris…
1. Prototypical... 2. Exemplar e.g. Bambi as deer... 3. Associative…
Types of Schemas (cognitive representa…
Personal (individualised) ... Role... Scripts (schemas about events)
19 terms
Ch 6. Attribution
Covariation between hypothesized cause…
Basic cues to causal relations
Heider
Heider-Commonsense... Psychology
Is the effect present when the cause is present... and absent wh…
-Temporal order - Does the cause precede the... effect?... -Conti…
the father of attribution theory ... Emphasis on common-sense p…
n Argued that we have different schemas for... reasoning.... n One…
Covariation between hypothesized cause…
Is the effect present when the cause is present... and absent wh…
Basic cues to causal relations
-Temporal order - Does the cause precede the... effect?... -Conti…
19 terms
Chapter 5 Attribution
Attribution
Dispositional Attribution
Situational Attribution
He did that because he's extraverted
An inference about the cause of behavior. ... The answers we gen…
An inference about the cause of behavior. (Cause can be inter…
An inference about the cause of behavior. (Cause can be exter…
Dispositional Attribution
Attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior. ... The answers we gen…
Dispositional Attribution
An inference about the cause of behavior. (Cause can be inter…
52 terms
Chapter 7 Inference Questions
divorce
monogamous
blue tit
astonishing
طلاق
animal who has only one mate.... دارای یک همسر... (monogamous birds.)
a small European bird with a blue head and wings and a yellow…
very surprising:... حیرت آور،شگفت انگیز... (an... astonishing 50% divo…
divorce
طلاق
monogamous
animal who has only one mate.... دارای یک همسر... (monogamous birds.)
35 terms
UOL MN2079 : L8 Attribution
4 Theories of Attribution
Heiders (1985) Intuitive Psychologist
Heider's (1958) 3 Principles
Pervasive Need for Causal Explanation…
1 Heiders Intuitive/Naive Psychologist... 2 Jones and Davis's Co…
Everyone is intuitive or naive psychologist employing common…
1 Pervasive need for causal explanation... 2 Look for 2 types of…
Own behavior is motivated so look for reasons for others' beh…
4 Theories of Attribution
1 Heiders Intuitive/Naive Psychologist... 2 Jones and Davis's Co…
Heiders (1985) Intuitive Psychologist
Everyone is intuitive or naive psychologist employing common…
17 terms
Attribution
Attribution
Causal attribution
Heider
Personality attribution
the process of ascribing a person's behavior to a specific ca…
an inference about what caused a person's behavior
argued that we are all naive psychologists
stable internal characteristics of the person; internal cause…
Attribution
the process of ascribing a person's behavior to a specific ca…
Causal attribution
an inference about what caused a person's behavior
34 terms
Chapter 14- Attribution
social cognition
fundamental attribution error
attribution
self serving bias
the thoughts we have about the stimuli in our environment, wh…
attributing a person's behavior to what we assume to be his o…
an assumption of why a person is acting the way they do; judg…
when we do well, we attribute ourselves; when we don't do wel…
social cognition
the thoughts we have about the stimuli in our environment, wh…
fundamental attribution error
attributing a person's behavior to what we assume to be his o…
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