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Study sets matching "audiology"

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Study sets matching "audiology"

22 terms
Audiology
Function of middle ear
How to overcome impedance mismatch
Outer hair cells (OHC)
Inner hair cells (IHC)
impedance mismatch, sounds come into the middle ear traveling…
tympanic membrane is much larger than the footplate of the st…
Receive and Detect sounds... - motility, expanding and contracti…
Transmit sounds to the brain... - stimulated by fluid movement... -…
Function of middle ear
impedance mismatch, sounds come into the middle ear traveling…
How to overcome impedance mismatch
tympanic membrane is much larger than the footplate of the st…
24 terms
Audiology
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Causes of Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Presbycusis
Conductive Hearing Loss
hearing loss caused by damage to the cochlea or to the *aud…
• Presbycusis... • Noise Exposure... • Ototoxicity (like with meds)…
age-related hearing loss
• prevents sound from being conducted to the middle ear like…
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
hearing loss caused by damage to the cochlea or to the *aud…
Causes of Sensorineural Hearing Loss
• Presbycusis... • Noise Exposure... • Ototoxicity (like with meds)…
185 terms
Audiology
Malleus, Incus, Stapes
conductive hearing loss
Air conduction, Bone conduction
Attenuation
Name the three bones in the middle ear?
A impaired air conduction with normal bone conduction.
Name the two types of conductive hearing
A decrease in the strength of a sound
Malleus, Incus, Stapes
Name the three bones in the middle ear?
conductive hearing loss
A impaired air conduction with normal bone conduction.
33 terms
Audiology
Auditory Processing Disorders
Peripheral hearing loss
Speed of Processing
Closure
a deficit in the processing of auditory input
hearing loss caused by damage to the ear or nerve conducting…
the ability to process language sounds rapidly
the ability to recognize incomplete or unusual forms of a word
Auditory Processing Disorders
a deficit in the processing of auditory input
Peripheral hearing loss
hearing loss caused by damage to the ear or nerve conducting…
72 terms
Audiology
Audiology
To become an audiologist
Studies in audiology
Outer ear is made up of
The science of hearing
Doctoral degree... Takes 3-4 years after graduate school... Last…
Anatomy of ear... Disorders of ear... Hearing loss... Hearing science…
The pinna ... External auditory meatus
Audiology
The science of hearing
To become an audiologist
Doctoral degree... Takes 3-4 years after graduate school... Last…
119 terms
Audiology
Anatomy of Peripheral Auditory System
Physiology of Peripheral Auditory System
Temporal bone
Outer Ear Anatomy
Outer, middle, and inner ear
Input of sound through ear, collects sound information, chang…
protects and hold structures of peripheral auditory system; c…
Pinna (auricle), EAM; parts of pinna are lobule, helix, tragu…
Anatomy of Peripheral Auditory System
Outer, middle, and inner ear
Physiology of Peripheral Auditory System
Input of sound through ear, collects sound information, chang…
542 terms
Audiology
The central focus of the profession of…
What is an audiologist?
Roles of an audiologist
Supervising audiologist
All auditory impairments & their relationship to disorders of…
A person with an academic degree, clinical training, & licens…
Clinician, therapist, teacher, consultant, researcher, & admi…
Maintains legal & ethical responsibility for all assigned aud…
The central focus of the profession of…
All auditory impairments & their relationship to disorders of…
What is an audiologist?
A person with an academic degree, clinical training, & licens…
215 terms
Audiology
Outer Ear
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
Air Conduction
Pinna/auricle, ear canal, ear drum
Enclosed air-filled space, 3 bones and eustachian tube
Enclosed fluid-filled space, cochlea, auditory nerve
When sound travels through air; stimulates the outer, middle…
Outer Ear
Pinna/auricle, ear canal, ear drum
Middle Ear
Enclosed air-filled space, 3 bones and eustachian tube
106 terms
Audiology
Eustachian Tube ET
Function of ET
Retracted Ear Drum
Ossicular Chain
Adults: enters middle ar space at angle, 36 mm length, closes…
Pressure equalization, Cleaning-slows debris and fluid to mig…
Look up slide
Has 3 articulated bones, Malleus, Indus and Stapes. 2-6 mm lo…
Eustachian Tube ET
Adults: enters middle ar space at angle, 36 mm length, closes…
Function of ET
Pressure equalization, Cleaning-slows debris and fluid to mig…
33 terms
Audiology
behavioral procedures
best practice
deaf
diagnostic audiometry
requires the client to actively participate in the task; test…
a management philosophy that asserts that there is a techniqu…
preferred terminology for a person presenting with a hearing…
a process by which ear-specific information and thresholds ar…
behavioral procedures
requires the client to actively participate in the task; test…
best practice
a management philosophy that asserts that there is a techniqu…
144 terms
audiology
Peripheral System
Central System
Temporal Bone
Energy Change in Peripheral
collects sound, changes energy so it can be sent to central s…
sound comes to brain and gets meaning (auditory nerve, pathwa…
- houses structures in peripheral auditory system... -squama tem…
-outer ear, starts as acoustic energy, collected by outer ear…
Peripheral System
collects sound, changes energy so it can be sent to central s…
Central System
sound comes to brain and gets meaning (auditory nerve, pathwa…
33 terms
Audiology
Scala Vestibuli
scala tympani
scala media
Reissner's Membrane
top canal ... opening is oval window
bottom canal ... opening is round window
middle canal
separates MEDIA from VESTIBULI
Scala Vestibuli
top canal ... opening is oval window
scala tympani
bottom canal ... opening is round window
15 terms
Audiology
Eustachian Tube
Oval Window
Middle Ear
Outer Ear
The eustachian connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx. It…
tissue or membrane located between the middle and the inner e…
consist of the tympanic and the ossicular chain
consist of the pinna, tragus,and external auditory meatus
Eustachian Tube
The eustachian connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx. It…
Oval Window
tissue or membrane located between the middle and the inner e…
45 terms
Audiology
Localization of sound
inner ear also known as
Outer ear functions
tympanic membrane includes
occurs in outer ear (ear lobe)
auditory nerve
amplifies higher pitch range... generates cerumen... ear drum conve…
jumbo, manubrium of malleus, cone of light
Localization of sound
occurs in outer ear (ear lobe)
inner ear also known as
auditory nerve
41 terms
Audiology
Otoacoustic Emissions
Normal HL
Mild HL
Moderate HL
Test used for infant screening (Birth to 8 months - objective…
<20dB
20-40 dB
40-55 dB
Otoacoustic Emissions
Test used for infant screening (Birth to 8 months - objective…
Normal HL
<20dB
41 terms
Audiology
Otoacoustic Emissions
Normal HL
Mild HL
Moderate HL
Test used for infant screening (Birth to 8 months - objective…
<20dB
20-40 dB
40-55 dB
Otoacoustic Emissions
Test used for infant screening (Birth to 8 months - objective…
Normal HL
<20dB
8 terms
Audiology
Conductive hearing loss
Sensorineural hearing loss
Mix hearing loss
Conductive hearing loss audiogram
diminished efficiency with the sound conducted to the middle…
middle ear mayconduct the sound efficently to the inner ear,…
occurs when neither the middle nor the inner ear is functioni…
Conductive hearing loss
diminished efficiency with the sound conducted to the middle…
Sensorineural hearing loss
middle ear mayconduct the sound efficently to the inner ear,…
23 terms
Audiology
Outer Ear
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
Hammer
Pinna, Ear Canal & Ear Drum
Hammer, Anvil & Stirrup
Semicircular Canal & Cochlea
Malleus
Outer Ear
Pinna, Ear Canal & Ear Drum
Middle Ear
Hammer, Anvil & Stirrup
44 terms
Audiology
Creation of Audiology
Audiology
Prevalence
Incidence
After WWII, Audiology became a profession.... Was born out of th…
measurement of hearing (diagnose and rehabilitate hearing loss)
5-10 % in the world have hearing loss. (percentage of people)
1 in 6 infants have hearing loss. (how many new cases occur)
Creation of Audiology
After WWII, Audiology became a profession.... Was born out of th…
Audiology
measurement of hearing (diagnose and rehabilitate hearing loss)
70 terms
Audiology
Requirements of an Audiologist
Audiology is an --------- profession
Audiology Scope of Practice
Practice Options
-Master's Degree (minimum until 2012)... -All programs are now 4…
Autonomous; which means that the audiologist can function ind…
-Dispense hearing aids... -Cerumen management... -Make earmold impr…
Schools... Universities... Hospitals... Private practice... Medical pract…
Requirements of an Audiologist
-Master's Degree (minimum until 2012)... -All programs are now 4…
Audiology is an --------- profession
Autonomous; which means that the audiologist can function ind…
61 terms
Audiology
audiology
hearing
amplification
aural rehabilitation
study of normal and disordered hearing and the study of scien…
primarily involved with hearing assessment and give nonmedica…
evaluate and fit all types of amplification; hearing aids, im…
assist in helping with communication strategy training, audit…
audiology
study of normal and disordered hearing and the study of scien…
hearing
primarily involved with hearing assessment and give nonmedica…
164 terms
Audiology
sound transmission
compression and rarefaction
impedance
wavelength
media required - usually air for humans, but could be another…
compression - more compact... rarefaction: more spread out
-different for different media (air vs water)... -if sound moves…
distance to complete one cycle
sound transmission
media required - usually air for humans, but could be another…
compression and rarefaction
compression - more compact... rarefaction: more spread out
60 terms
Audiology
Vibration energy transmitted through a…
Pascals (Pa)
Subjective description of sound intens…
Subjective description of frequency
Sound
Sound measurement
Loudness
Pitch
Vibration energy transmitted through a…
Sound
Pascals (Pa)
Sound measurement
58 terms
Audiology
Syndromic
Nonsydromic
Conductive hearing loss
Sensorineural hearing loss
Assocaited with malformations of the external ear or other or…
No associated abnormalities of the ear
Results from abnormalities of the external ear and or the oss…
Results from malfunction of inner ear structures
Syndromic
Assocaited with malformations of the external ear or other or…
Nonsydromic
No associated abnormalities of the ear
71 terms
Audiology
Certification
License
Conductive ear
Prevention
optional, looks good, above and beyond
required, government mandated, needed to practice
outer ear and middle ear
efforts to eliminate the onset of hearing loss
Certification
optional, looks good, above and beyond
License
required, government mandated, needed to practice
56 terms
Audiology
Otology
What did otology and speech pathology…
Audiology
2 Organizations most closely associate…
the medical specialty concerned with diseases of the ear
formed military based aural rehabilitation centers
*Latin root, audire (to hear) ... *logos (the study of)... *scienti…
1.) American Academy of Audiology (AAA)... 2.) American Speech-L…
Otology
the medical specialty concerned with diseases of the ear
What did otology and speech pathology…
formed military based aural rehabilitation centers
27 terms
Audiology
Audiogram Questions
hearing threshold
presbocutious
masked testing
Is there hearing loss?... Which ear?... To what degree?... Where in th…
the softest sound that can be heard 50% of the time
symmetrical age related hearing loss
white noise put in opposing ear in order to get reliable data…
Audiogram Questions
Is there hearing loss?... Which ear?... To what degree?... Where in th…
hearing threshold
the softest sound that can be heard 50% of the time
33 terms
Audiology
Pediatrics-Screening
Pediatrics-diagnostic
Purpose of a Diagnostic
Screening audiometry
newborn/infant, school screening
newborn/infant, young children
done for the purpose of making a diagnosis, comprehensive bat…
separates the general population into two groups: normal and…
Pediatrics-Screening
newborn/infant, school screening
Pediatrics-diagnostic
newborn/infant, young children
77 terms
Audiology
Basal end of basilar membrane
Apical end of basilar membrane
Traveling wave on basilar membrane
Purpose of vestibular system
Closer to oval window ... Higher frequency waves travel here
Further from oval window where lower frequencies travel
When basilar membrane is set into motion it is reffered as tr…
Maintains balance and equalibrium
Basal end of basilar membrane
Closer to oval window ... Higher frequency waves travel here
Apical end of basilar membrane
Further from oval window where lower frequencies travel
15 terms
Audiology
Anatomy of outer ear consists of the
Anatomy of middle ear consists of the
Anatomy of inner ear
Collects sound from the environment
Pinna aka auricle, tragus, concha and external auditory meatus
tympanic membrane, middle ear ossicles, stapedius and tensor…
The vestibular system (utricle, saccule, and semicircular can…
physiology of outer ear
Anatomy of outer ear consists of the
Pinna aka auricle, tragus, concha and external auditory meatus
Anatomy of middle ear consists of the
tympanic membrane, middle ear ossicles, stapedius and tensor…
39 terms
Audiology
Tympanometry
ALL Compliance norms
ECV norms
Pressure norms
Measures movement of ear drum, pressure in middle ear and vol…
.3-2.0ml AD .3-1.5ml Child
.6-1.9cc AD .3-1.5cc Children
+50 - -150 DaPa
Tympanometry
Measures movement of ear drum, pressure in middle ear and vol…
ALL Compliance norms
.3-2.0ml AD .3-1.5ml Child
131 terms
Audiology
ENT is also known as
Profession responsible for caring for…
Important component of military rehab…
Father of Audiology
Otolaryngology
Audiology
Amplification/hearing aids
Carhart
ENT is also known as
Otolaryngology
Profession responsible for caring for…
Audiology
32 terms
Audiology
myringoplasty
tympanoschlerosis
autosomal recessive
Rh factor
surgical repair of perforated membrane
scarring of tympanic membrane due to recurrent ear infections
inheritance accounts for 80% of profound HL
protein molecule, fetus has it but mother doesnt and mothers…
myringoplasty
surgical repair of perforated membrane
tympanoschlerosis
scarring of tympanic membrane due to recurrent ear infections
68 terms
Audiology
Audiologists are concerned with
SLP Scope of Practice
screening
threshold
evaluating hearing and balance... intervention for people with h…
ONLY screening, not threshold... conventional pure tone screening
put 20 dB signal in child's ear, if they hear it raise hand
find softest sound they can hear
Audiologists are concerned with
evaluating hearing and balance... intervention for people with h…
SLP Scope of Practice
ONLY screening, not threshold... conventional pure tone screening
17 terms
Audiology
Otoscope examination
what is an otoscope?
Why is the otoscope examination done?
what area of the ears does otoscope as…
examine ear canal and tympanic membrane through the use of an…
Hand held tool with a speculum and light source to see into t…
to ensure the ear canal is free of foreign objects or wax
Outter ear & middle ear involving eardrum, rule out abnormali…
Otoscope examination
examine ear canal and tympanic membrane through the use of an…
what is an otoscope?
Hand held tool with a speculum and light source to see into t…
39 terms
Audiology
Deaf
Conditions for sound to occur and be p…
Frequency
Peripheral auditory system
hearing loss is 90 dB or greater
1) an energy source - air from lungs... 2) an object capable of…
Hertz (Hz)
outer ear, middle ear, inner ear, vestibulocochlear nerve
Deaf
hearing loss is 90 dB or greater
Conditions for sound to occur and be p…
1) an energy source - air from lungs... 2) an object capable of…
82 terms
Audiology
Audiometric measurement of auditory fu…
Components of the Basic Audiological E…
Case History Interview
Case History includes...
Determine the degree and configuration of hearing loss.... Estim…
Case History/functional assessment.... Pure tone threshold measu…
Helps establish clinician-client interaction. ... Assesses histo…
Pertinent identifying information.... Referral source and purpos…
Audiometric measurement of auditory fu…
Determine the degree and configuration of hearing loss.... Estim…
Components of the Basic Audiological E…
Case History/functional assessment.... Pure tone threshold measu…
Audiology
presently the entry level for an audio…
which of the follow would not be withi…
the field of audiology originated prim…
the prevalence of hearing loss...?
clinical doctorate
treating ear infections
veterans with noise induced hearing loss following world war II
decreases with age
presently the entry level for an audio…
clinical doctorate
which of the follow would not be withi…
treating ear infections
Audiology
What is an otolaryngologist?
What is an audiologist?
What is a sine wave?
What is a sinusoid wave?
An ENT, ear doctor, gives info about hearing mechanism and si…
A hearing doctor.
Simplest back and forth motion. A complete cycle is one compl…
A periodic wave that repeats itself at regular intervals. It…
What is an otolaryngologist?
An ENT, ear doctor, gives info about hearing mechanism and si…
What is an audiologist?
A hearing doctor.
63 terms
Audiology
Audiogram X axis
Audiogram Y axis
Normal hearing range
Mild HL
Intensity -10 to 120 dB HL
Frequency 100 to 1000 Hz
< 20 dB HL
21-40 dB HL
Audiogram X axis
Intensity -10 to 120 dB HL
Audiogram Y axis
Frequency 100 to 1000 Hz
38 terms
Audiology
Normal Hearing
Mild Hearning loss
Moderate Hearing loss
Moderately Severe Hearing Loss
Child 0-15 dB ... Adult 1-25 dB
16-40 dB
41-55 dB
56-70 dB
Normal Hearing
Child 0-15 dB ... Adult 1-25 dB
Mild Hearning loss
16-40 dB
46 terms
audiology
what are the two ganglia associated wi…
what does the sacul potion of the otic…
whats the names of the upper and lower…
what stuff is in the coclear duct
vestibular and cocliar
the cochlear duct
scalia vestibuli, and scala tympani
endolymph
what are the two ganglia associated wi…
vestibular and cocliar
what does the sacul potion of the otic…
the cochlear duct
34 terms
Audiology
false negative term
false positive term
cross hearing
cross hearing by AC and BC
person being tested says that they didn't hear the signal whe…
person being tested responds to a tone that wasn't given
when cochlea in the NTE picks up signal that was given to the…
increasing intensity sets the skull into motion
false negative term
person being tested says that they didn't hear the signal whe…
false positive term
person being tested responds to a tone that wasn't given
63 terms
Audiology
3 aspects of diagnostic audiology
3 aspects of rehabilitative audiology
What is the crisis or stage that Eriks…
Erikson says that once the first stage…
1. Is hearing loss present?... 2. is hearing unilateral or bilat…
1. cochlear implants... 2. hearing aids... 3. use of ASL
Trust vs. Mistrust
autonomy
3 aspects of diagnostic audiology
1. Is hearing loss present?... 2. is hearing unilateral or bilat…
3 aspects of rehabilitative audiology
1. cochlear implants... 2. hearing aids... 3. use of ASL
95 terms
Audiology
linguistic -> Physiological -> acousti…
How does the communication chain devel…
What shows that there is critical peri…
Energy source, body capable of vibrati…
Communication chain
naturally, repeated exposure to language early in life
development is affect if verbal or visual input is not adequate
Sound components
linguistic -> Physiological -> acousti…
Communication chain
How does the communication chain devel…
naturally, repeated exposure to language early in life
39 terms
audiology
auricle/pinna... external auditory canal/…
malleus, incus, stapes
CN V... trigeminal nerve
CN VII... facial nerve
outer ear parts
ossicular chain composed of
tensor tympani innervated by
stapedius muscle innervated by
auricle/pinna... external auditory canal/…
outer ear parts
malleus, incus, stapes
ossicular chain composed of
108 terms
Audiology
The velocity of sound in air is approx…
What is pitch?
Effects of length on frequency
Effects of mass on frequency
...
The physical attribute of frequency of an audible wave. The h…
Increase length will decrease frequency. Decrease length will…
Mass increase, mass decrease frequency
The velocity of sound in air is approx…
...
What is pitch?
The physical attribute of frequency of an audible wave. The h…
59 terms
Audiology
what is the percentage of hearing loss…
between ages 65-75 how many report hea…
the prevalence of hearing loss increas…
what is the principal factor associate…
1/8 people in the US ( 13% or 30 million) aged 12 and older h…
1/3 people between age 65-75 report hearing loss and 1/2 of t…
age
AGE. some other important demographicca factors are sex and r…
what is the percentage of hearing loss…
1/8 people in the US ( 13% or 30 million) aged 12 and older h…
between ages 65-75 how many report hea…
1/3 people between age 65-75 report hearing loss and 1/2 of t…
Audiology
Audiologist are defined by there _____…
Name 4 settings that you can find an a…
Various studies show that what percent…
Name 4 subspecialty areas for an audio…
license & degree
1. Private Practice ... 2. University ... 3. Hospital ... 4. Schools
80-90%.
1. Forensic ... 2. Pediatric ... 3. Animal ... 4. Medical
Audiologist are defined by there _____…
license & degree
Name 4 settings that you can find an a…
1. Private Practice ... 2. University ... 3. Hospital ... 4. Schools
59 terms
Audiology
Audiology
Audiologist
Otolaryngologist (ENT)
Anatomy of the Ear
The study of hearing and hearing disorders
A certified health care professional who provides services re…
Physician specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of dise…
Located in the temporal bone and processing of auditory infor…
Audiology
The study of hearing and hearing disorders
Audiologist
A certified health care professional who provides services re…
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