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Study sets matching "bacpath exam 2"

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Study sets matching "bacpath exam 2"

12 terms
BacpathM2 Staphylococcus
Characteristics of staphylococcus
S. aureus
What are the biochemical properties of…
Diseases?
gram positive, cluster forming cocci, facultative anaerobic
yellow colonies, hemolytic, human transmission, leading cause…
coagulase positive- localized blood clotting; diagnostic for…
-food toxinosis: staphylococcus enterotoxin ... -skin infections…
Characteristics of staphylococcus
gram positive, cluster forming cocci, facultative anaerobic
S. aureus
yellow colonies, hemolytic, human transmission, leading cause…
13 terms
bacpath midterm 2 part 7 (anthrax)
Bacillus Anthracis characteristics
2 DISTINCT characteristics of anthrax
Reservoir for anthrax
Diseases caused by anthrax
gram positive... spore forming... non-motile... aerobic rod
squared ends with centrally located endospores... HUGE (equival…
spores from animals/products are infectious!... NO HUMAN TO HUM…
Cutaneous anthrax (the most common)
Bacillus Anthracis characteristics
gram positive... spore forming... non-motile... aerobic rod
2 DISTINCT characteristics of anthrax
squared ends with centrally located endospores... HUGE (equival…
24 terms
Bacpath midterm2 part 4 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa characteristics
Differential characteristics
Cystic fibrosis
CFTR
OPPORTUNISTIC PATHOGEN... -4th most common of nosocomial infecti…
OXIDASE POSITIVE (cytochrome oxidase)... V. cholerae is oxidase…
impaired lung defense... -mutation in Cl- channel
CF transmembrane conductance regulator (aka: Cl- channel)
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa characteristics
OPPORTUNISTIC PATHOGEN... -4th most common of nosocomial infecti…
Differential characteristics
OXIDASE POSITIVE (cytochrome oxidase)... V. cholerae is oxidase…
29 terms
Bacpath midterm2 part 2 (staph)
Staphylococcus
Staphylococcus Aureus characteristics
How is it transmitted
Diagnostic properties?
gram positive... cluster forming cocci (grapes)... nonmotile... facult…
has yellow colonies... -hemolithic... -leading cause of nosocomial…
HUMAN TO HUMAN TRANSMISSION... -usually by entering wound... (infec…
Staphylococcus Aureus is COAGULASE +... -aids cleavage of fibrin…
Staphylococcus
gram positive... cluster forming cocci (grapes)... nonmotile... facult…
Staphylococcus Aureus characteristics
has yellow colonies... -hemolithic... -leading cause of nosocomial…
13 terms
bacpath midterm2 part 5 (bordetella pertussis)
Bordetella Pertussis characteristics
How is it transmitted?
Diseases
Pathogenesis (2 stages)
whooping cough ... gram -... aerobic... coccobacillus (rod)... DTaP vacci…
human human aerosol
Infants- whooping cough... Adults- mild, persistent cough, sprea…
1. Colonization Stage... Inhalation of aerosols can allow for co…
Bordetella Pertussis characteristics
whooping cough ... gram -... aerobic... coccobacillus (rod)... DTaP vacci…
How is it transmitted?
human human aerosol
39 terms
bacpath midterm2 part 6 (mycobacterium tuberculosis)
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis characteris…
Other mycobacterium
TB infection vs TB disease
Diagnosis of a TB infection
often called the white plague... -gram + "like"... -non motile rod…
M. bovis- cow TB from unpasteurized milk... M. leprae- 10^7 case…
Latent TB infection- has no obvious symptoms... -only 1-5% will…
NONINFECTIOUS, not defined as a case of TB... -TB is present, TB…
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis characteris…
often called the white plague... -gram + "like"... -non motile rod…
Other mycobacterium
M. bovis- cow TB from unpasteurized milk... M. leprae- 10^7 case…
64 terms
bacpath midterm part3 (Strep)
Streptococci bacteria characteristics
Different types of hemolysis
Serology
GAS S. pyogenes characteristics
First 3 characteristics are same as Staph... -gram positive cocc…
alpha- partial... beta- complete (creates a clear halo)... gamma- n…
grouping carbohydrate antigen on surfaces of bacteria... -by law…
forms chains... Beta-hemolytic... causative agent of strep throat... -…
Streptococci bacteria characteristics
First 3 characteristics are same as Staph... -gram positive cocc…
Different types of hemolysis
alpha- partial... beta- complete (creates a clear halo)... gamma- n…
55 terms
BacPath midterm pt 5 (botulism pathway and antibiotics)
Clostridium Botulinum
How do you get clostridium botulinum
Pathogenesis of CB
What does BoNT target?
causes botulism
food borne
-spores germinate in food, bug growth occurs, botulism neurot…
PNS... -fusion proteins in synaptic vessicles
Clostridium Botulinum
causes botulism
How do you get clostridium botulinum
food borne
31 terms
BacPath Midterm Pt 4 (antiboties and stuff)
Function of antibiotics
B Cells
Fv
Fc
opsonize, avtivate complement, neutralize toxins... ANTIBODIES…
produce antibodies ... -has 2 light chains and 2 heavy chains
variable region... -antigen binding sites
constant region... -binds to phagocyte receptor and C1 binding s…
Function of antibiotics
opsonize, avtivate complement, neutralize toxins... ANTIBODIES…
B Cells
produce antibodies ... -has 2 light chains and 2 heavy chains
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