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Study sets matching "bacteria and viruses chapter 21"

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Study sets matching "bacteria and viruses chapter 21"

23 terms
Chapter 21 (Viruses and Bacteria)
virus
capsid
envelope
glycoprotein
a strand of nucleic acid encased in a protein that can infect…
a protein sheath that surrounds the nucleic acid core in a vi…
outer layer covering the capsid of many kinds of viruses
protein with carbohydrate molecules attached
virus
a strand of nucleic acid encased in a protein that can infect…
capsid
a protein sheath that surrounds the nucleic acid core in a vi…
10 terms
Chapter 21-Viruses&Bacteria
Protein Coat
Lysogenic Cycle
Viruses
Nucleic Acid
Layer that surrounds the virus, giving it an exact shape that…
Process where a virus inserts it's DNA into the host cell's g…
Non-living particles that reproduce inside a living cell
The genetic material (DNA or RNA) inside a virus
Protein Coat
Layer that surrounds the virus, giving it an exact shape that…
Lysogenic Cycle
Process where a virus inserts it's DNA into the host cell's g…
22 terms
Chapter 21 - Viruses & Bacteria
Viruses
Capsid
Envelope
Glycoproteins
Segments of nucleic acid contained in a protein coat
A viral protein coat
A membrane that surrounds the capsid which helps the virus en…
Proteins with attached carbohydrate molecules that are derive…
Viruses
Segments of nucleic acid contained in a protein coat
Capsid
A viral protein coat
139 terms
Chapter 21: Viruses, Bacteria, and Archaea
viruses are not included in classifica…
in 1884, Louis Pasteur discovered viru…
virus in latin means...
in 1892, dimitri ivanowsky substantiat…
they are noncellular and cannot reproduce independently
something smaller than a bacterium was the cause of rabies
poison
the tobacco mosaic disease and filtered out bacteria that was…
viruses are not included in classifica…
they are noncellular and cannot reproduce independently
in 1884, Louis Pasteur discovered viru…
something smaller than a bacterium was the cause of rabies
34 terms
Biology Chapter 21 Viruses, Bacteria, and Archaea
Archaea
Bacteria
Bacteriophages
Binary Fission
1 of the 3 domains of life; contains prokaryotic... cells that…
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms that…
Virus that infects only bacteria
Splitting of a parent cell into two daughter cells
Archaea
1 of the 3 domains of life; contains prokaryotic... cells that…
Bacteria
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms that…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 21 Viruses, Bacteria, and Archaea
Archaea
Bacteria
Bacteriophages
Binary Fission
1 of the 3 domains of life; contains prokaryotic... cells that…
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms that…
Virus that infects only bacteria
Splitting of a parent cell into two daughter cells
Archaea
1 of the 3 domains of life; contains prokaryotic... cells that…
Bacteria
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms that…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 21 Viruses, Bacteria, and Archaea
Bacteria
Bacteriophages
Binary Fission
Capsid
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms that…
Virus that infects only bacteria
Splitting of a parent cell into two daughter cells; serves as…
Protective protein containing the genetic material of a virus.
Bacteria
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms that…
Bacteriophages
Virus that infects only bacteria
25 terms
AP Bio Chapter 21- Viruses, Bacteria, and Archaea
What does a virus consist of?
Is a virus a living organism?
Bacteriophage
How are viruses placed into groups?
DNA or RNA for genetic material and an outer capsid composed…
No, because it needs a host cell in order to reproduce. It ca…
a virus that infects bacteria (head with DNA/RNA and internal…
they are placed into groups based on their type of nucleic ac…
What does a virus consist of?
DNA or RNA for genetic material and an outer capsid composed…
Is a virus a living organism?
No, because it needs a host cell in order to reproduce. It ca…
102 terms
Biology: Bacteria, Biology Chapter 21 Viruses, Bacteria, and Archaea, BIO 142 Chapter 29 - Bacteria and Archaea
Bacilli (sing. Bacillum) (SHAPE)
Cocci (sing. Coccus) (SHAPE)
Spirilla (sing. shirillum) (SHAPE)
diplo (ARRANGEMENT)
rod-shaped (bacil= a little stick)
Round- shaped (coccus=a berry)
Spiral-shaped (spiro= a spiral) (Bean shaped)
2 cells
Bacilli (sing. Bacillum) (SHAPE)
rod-shaped (bacil= a little stick)
Cocci (sing. Coccus) (SHAPE)
Round- shaped (coccus=a berry)
58 terms
Honors Biology Starr-Taggart Chapter 21: Bacteria and Viruses
Bacteria
Photoheterotrophic
Chemoautotrophic
False
__________ are the most numerous and ancient organisms on Earth
_____________ organisms get carbon from various organic compo…
______________ organisms are parasites and saprobes that get…
True/False? It is believed hat all other organisms may have e…
Bacteria
__________ are the most numerous and ancient organisms on Earth
Photoheterotrophic
_____________ organisms get carbon from various organic compo…
13 terms
Bacteria Viruses, and Disease chapter 21 (pg.606-626)
Prokaryote
Binary Fission
Endospore
Cyanobacteria
An organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
A form of asexual reproduction in a single-celled organisms b…
A thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial…
Single-celled, prokaryotic, microscopic organisms they are ca…
Prokaryote
An organism that consists of a single cell that does not have…
Binary Fission
A form of asexual reproduction in a single-celled organisms b…
14 terms
Chapters 20-21: Viruses, Bacteria, Protists and Fungi
Virus
Capsid
bacteriophage
Prokaryotes
An almost alive thing that is made of DNA and can only reprod…
The protien coat surrounding a Virus
A kind of virus that only infects bacteria
A single celled organism that doesn't have a nucleus
Virus
An almost alive thing that is made of DNA and can only reprod…
Capsid
The protien coat surrounding a Virus
13 terms
Chapter 2 Viruses and Bacteria
Vaccine
You have a cold
antibiotic resistant
bed rest
stimulates a person's body to produce chemical that destroy v…
antibiotics do not kill viruses
survive in the presence of an antibiotic
treatment for most viral infections
Vaccine
stimulates a person's body to produce chemical that destroy v…
You have a cold
antibiotics do not kill viruses
21 terms
Viruses (Chapter 21-1) - BIOLOGY
Viruses
Capsid
Envelope
Glycoproteins
Segments of nucleic acids contained in a protein coat
The virus protein coat
Many viruses have a membrane, or ______, surrounding the caps…
Proteins with attached carbohydrate molecules that are derive…
Viruses
Segments of nucleic acids contained in a protein coat
Capsid
The virus protein coat
6 terms
Chapter 18: Viruses and Bacteria
virus
capsid
lytic cycle
lysogenic cycle
Nonliving strand of genetic material that cannot replicate on…
Outer protein layer that surrounds the genetic material of a…
Viral replication process in which genetic material of the vi…
Viral replication process in which viral DNA inserts into the…
virus
Nonliving strand of genetic material that cannot replicate on…
capsid
Outer protein layer that surrounds the genetic material of a…
7 terms
Chapter 18: Bacteria and Viruses
bacteria
nucleoid
capsule
pilus
Microscopic prokaryotes; most are beneficial to humans and to…
Area in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular ch…
Polysaccharide layer secreted around the cell wall by some pr…
Hairlike, submicroscopic structure made of protein that can h…
bacteria
Microscopic prokaryotes; most are beneficial to humans and to…
nucleoid
Area in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular ch…
43 terms
Chapter 21: Prokaryotes and Viruses
Virus
Bacteriophages
Attachment
Penetration
Noncellular infectious agent having 2 characteristics: Consis…
Viruses which infect bacterial cells
A virus particle attaches to a host cell by molecular groups…
Either the virus particle or its genetic material alone cross…
Virus
Noncellular infectious agent having 2 characteristics: Consis…
Bacteriophages
Viruses which infect bacterial cells
49 terms
Chapter 21- Viruses
Chamberland-Pasteur Filter
virions
devolution/regressive hypothesis
escapist/progressive hypothesis
allowed for discovery of viruses; it removed all visible bact…
single virus particles, very small, infectious forms of virus…
viruses originate from free-living cells evolution
viruses originate from DNA/RNA escaping from host cell
Chamberland-Pasteur Filter
allowed for discovery of viruses; it removed all visible bact…
virions
single virus particles, very small, infectious forms of virus…
20 terms
From Bacteria to Plants: Chapter 2 Viruses and Bacteria
virus
bacteria
parasite
bacteriophage
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
A single-celled organism with no nucleus; structured as eithe…
An organism that lives on or in a host and causes harm to the…
A virus that infects bacteria
virus
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
bacteria
A single-celled organism with no nucleus; structured as eithe…
33 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
peptidoglycan
archaebacteria
Prokaryotes are identified by 4 charac…
prokaryote
Largest of the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes have cell walls made…
______________ are bacteria that do not contain peptidoglycan
1. shapes 2. chemical natures of their cell walls 3. ways the…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
peptidoglycan
Largest of the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes have cell walls made…
archaebacteria
______________ are bacteria that do not contain peptidoglycan
53 terms
Chapter 21: Viruses
AZT
acellular
asymptomatic disease
attenuation
anti-HIV drug that that inhibits the viral enzyme reverse tra…
lacking cells
disease where the symptoms rise and fall within a short perio…
weakening of a virus during vaccine development
AZT
anti-HIV drug that that inhibits the viral enzyme reverse tra…
acellular
lacking cells
Chapter 21- Viruses (vocab)
Virus
bacteriophages
lytic pathway
lysis
non cellular infectious agent
virus that infects bacteria or archeans
destroys the host cell, host cell shows symptoms of infection
break, destroy
Virus
non cellular infectious agent
bacteriophages
virus that infects bacteria or archeans
8 terms
viruses chapter 21
virus
host cell
bacteriophange
lytic cycle
Any of a large group of submicroscopic infective agents that…
Living cell in which a virus can actively multiply or in whic…
a virus that infects bacteria.
a viral reproductive cycle in which copies of a virus are mad…
virus
Any of a large group of submicroscopic infective agents that…
host cell
Living cell in which a virus can actively multiply or in whic…
21 terms
CHAPTER 20 BACTERIA AND VIRUSES
BACILLUS
COCCUS
SPIRILLUM
PLASMID
ROD SHAPED BACTERIA
SPHERE SHAPED BACTERIA
SPIRAL SHAPED BACTERIA
A CIRCULAR DNA MOLECULE IN BACTERIA
BACILLUS
ROD SHAPED BACTERIA
COCCUS
SPHERE SHAPED BACTERIA
26 terms
Chapter 19 - Bacteria and Viruses
prokaryote
bacillus
coccus
spirillum
a unicellular organisms that lacks a nucleus and membrane bou…
a cylindrical or rod shaped bacterium
a spherical shaped bacterium
a rigid spiral shaped bacterium
prokaryote
a unicellular organisms that lacks a nucleus and membrane bou…
bacillus
a cylindrical or rod shaped bacterium
11 terms
Chapter 13 Bacteria and Viruses
decomposition
nitrogen fixation
bioremediation
antibiotic
breaking down of dead organism and organic waste
the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogen compound…
the use of organisms, such as bacteria, to clean up environme…
are medicines that stop the growth and reproduction of bacteria
decomposition
breaking down of dead organism and organic waste
nitrogen fixation
the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogen compound…
33 terms
Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses
peptidoglycan
archaebacteria
Prokaryotes are identified by 4 charac…
prokaryote
Largest of the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes have cell walls made…
______________ are bacteria that do not contain peptidoglycan
1. shapes 2. chemical natures of their cell walls 3. ways the…
A unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus and membrane boun…
peptidoglycan
Largest of the 2 kingdoms of prokaryotes have cell walls made…
archaebacteria
______________ are bacteria that do not contain peptidoglycan
14 terms
Chapter 7: Bacteria and Viruses
bacterium
flagellum
fission
conjugation
microscopic prokaryotes
whiplike structure which many bacteria have
cell division that forms two genetically identical cells.
two bacteria of the same species attach to each other and com…
bacterium
microscopic prokaryotes
flagellum
whiplike structure which many bacteria have
22 terms
Viruses (Chapter 21-1) - BIOLOGY
Segments of nucleic acids contained in…
The virus protein coat
Many viruses have a membrane, or _____…
Proteins with attached carbohydrate mo…
Viruses
Capsid
Envelope
Glycoproteins
Segments of nucleic acids contained in…
Viruses
The virus protein coat
Capsid
39 terms
HBIO Chapters 20 and 21 - Archaea, Bacteria, Viruses
Archaea v. Bacteria
Coccus
Bacillus
Spirrillum
1. Archaea have no Peptiloglycin in cell walls ... 2. Metabolic…
Round
Rod shaped
Spiral
Archaea v. Bacteria
1. Archaea have no Peptiloglycin in cell walls ... 2. Metabolic…
Coccus
Round
17 terms
Bacteria CHAPTER 21
Microbiology
Capsule/Slime Layer
Cell Wall
Flagellum
the study of micro-organisms
Prevents water loss
protects and prevents cell from expanding and bursting
Allows cell to move/swim
Microbiology
the study of micro-organisms
Capsule/Slime Layer
Prevents water loss
48 terms
Chapter 10 - Bacteria and Viruses
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
What are the three shapes of bacteria?
What shape are bacilli bacteria?
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
single
bacilli, cocci, or spirilla
rod-shaped
What two kingdoms are made up of bacte…
Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
All bacteria are ____ -celled organisms
single
19 terms
Chapter 2 Viruses and Bacteria Section 1 Viruses
virus
host
parasite
bacteriophage
A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces…
An organism that provides a source of energy or a suitable en…
An organism that lives on or in a host and causes harm to the…
A virus that infects bacteria
virus
A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces…
host
An organism that provides a source of energy or a suitable en…
17 terms
Chapter 21 Other Bacteria
treponema pallidum
treponema pallidum
treponema pallidum
treponema pallidum
spirochete, never grow colonies too dangerous, STD, infectiou…
spirochete, never grow colonies too dangerous, STD, infectiou…
spirochete, never grow colonies too dangerous, STD, infectiou…
pirochete, never grow colonies too dangerous, STD, infectious…
treponema pallidum
spirochete, never grow colonies too dangerous, STD, infectiou…
treponema pallidum
spirochete, never grow colonies too dangerous, STD, infectiou…
26 terms
Viruses (Chapter 21-1)
Segments of nucleic acids contained in…
The virus protein coat
Many viruses have a membrane, or _____…
Proteins with attached carbohydrate mo…
Viruses
Capsid
Envelope
Glycoproteins
Segments of nucleic acids contained in…
Viruses
The virus protein coat
Capsid
49 terms
Chapter 21-1: Viruses
poison
always harmful
Wendell Stanley
cannot be seen with light microscopes,…
"virus" in latin means
viruses are [sometimes harmful / always harmful]
name of scientist who proved that viruses are non-living
viruses are so small that they...
poison
"virus" in latin means
always harmful
viruses are [sometimes harmful / always harmful]
18 terms
Anatomy of Bacteria (Chapter 21)
How do bacteria reproduce
Cell wall
Cell membrane
Capsule
1) Binary fission; 2) Parent cell copies it's genetic materia…
Peptidoglycan is responsible for semi-rigid structure and int…
Lines the inside cell wall of many bacteria and is semi-perme…
Capsules are a sticky gelatinous coating when organized and f…
How do bacteria reproduce
1) Binary fission; 2) Parent cell copies it's genetic materia…
Cell wall
Peptidoglycan is responsible for semi-rigid structure and int…
28 terms
Ch. 21 Bacteria & Viruses
Helical Virus
Bacteriophage
Polyhedral Naked Virus
Enveloped virus
Infects plants ex: tobacco mosaic virus
Infects bacteria
infects animals ex: adenovirus
Herpes
Helical Virus
Infects plants ex: tobacco mosaic virus
Bacteriophage
Infects bacteria
38 terms
Viruses Chapter 21
attenuation
Retrovirus
Virion
envelope
weakening of a virus during vaccine development
RNA virus containing the enzyme reverse transcriptase that ca…
An individual virus particle
lipid bilayer that envelopes some viruses
attenuation
weakening of a virus during vaccine development
Retrovirus
RNA virus containing the enzyme reverse transcriptase that ca…
41 terms
Chapter 21-1: Viruses
What properties of life does a virus l…
Discovery of viruses: Cause of tobacco…
What property of the infectious agent…
Capsid:
doesn't grow, doesn't maintain homeostasis, doesn't metaboliz…
-infected tobacco plant sap, bacteria was filtered, still cau…
could be crystalized which is a property of chemicals
the protein coat of a virus
What properties of life does a virus l…
doesn't grow, doesn't maintain homeostasis, doesn't metaboliz…
Discovery of viruses: Cause of tobacco…
-infected tobacco plant sap, bacteria was filtered, still cau…
29 terms
Chapter 18 The Genetics of Viruses and Bacteria
activator
bacteriophage
capsid
cyclic AMP (cAMP)
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates transcription of a…
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
The protein shell that encloses a viral genome. It may be rod…
A compound formed from ATP that acts as a second messenger.
activator
A protein that binds to DNA and stimulates transcription of a…
bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria; also called a phage.
50 terms
Chapter 21-2: Bacteria
bacteria
antibiotics
yes
chemoautotrophic
cell size is usually about 1 µm in diameter
chemicals that interfere with the life processes carried out…
are cyanobacteria photosynthetic?
nitrification bacteria are [photoautotrophic/chemoautotrophic]
bacteria
cell size is usually about 1 µm in diameter
antibiotics
chemicals that interfere with the life processes carried out…
33 terms
Chapter 7 - Bacteria and Viruses
bacteria
prokaryote
archaea
DNA in bacteria
microscopic prokaryotes
a unicellular organism that does not have a nucleus or other…
other prokaryotes that are similar to bacteria and share many…
one coiled, circular chromosome
bacteria
microscopic prokaryotes
prokaryote
a unicellular organism that does not have a nucleus or other…
15 terms
Biology A Guide to the Natural World 5th ed chapter 21 - Viruses, Bacteria, Archaea, and Protists: The Diversity of Life 1
algae
antibiotics
binary fission
capsid
Protists that perform photosynthesis
Chemical compounds produced by one microorganism that are tox…
The form of reproduction carried out by prokaryotic cells in…
A protein coat that surrounds the genetic material in almost…
algae
Protists that perform photosynthesis
antibiotics
Chemical compounds produced by one microorganism that are tox…
81 terms
Viruses- Chapter 21
virus
are viruses considered living?
What is the only thing viruses can do?
host cell
tiny, nonliving particles about 1/2 to 1/100 the size of the…
no; they do not fulfill all the criteria for life- they do no…
reproduce only inside a living cell
the cell in which a virus reproduces
virus
tiny, nonliving particles about 1/2 to 1/100 the size of the…
are viruses considered living?
no; they do not fulfill all the criteria for life- they do no…
14 terms
Chapter 21 - Misc. Bacteria
Treponema pallidum
Leptospira interrogans
Borrelia burgdorferi
Vibrio cholerae
-Spirochete ... -Syphilis ... -Transplacental
-spirochete ... -zoonotic via animal urine... -can secrete through…
-spirochete ... -large, 3-10 irregularly spaced coils ... -vector-b…
G -... -comma-shaped rods ... -found in fecally contaminated water…
Treponema pallidum
-Spirochete ... -Syphilis ... -Transplacental
Leptospira interrogans
-spirochete ... -zoonotic via animal urine... -can secrete through…
15 terms
Chapter 2 Viruses and Bacteria
virus
host
parasite
bacteriophage
A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces…
An organism that provides a source of energy or a suitable en…
An organism that lives on or in a host and causes harm to the…
A virus that infects bacteria
virus
A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces…
host
An organism that provides a source of energy or a suitable en…
21 terms
CHAPTER 20 BACTERIA AND VIRUSES
BACILLUS
COCCUS
SPIRILLUM
PLASMID
ROD SHAPED BACTERIA
SPHERE SHAPED BACTERIA
SPIRAL SHAPED BACTERIA
A CIRCULAR DNA MOLECULE IN BACTERIA
BACILLUS
ROD SHAPED BACTERIA
COCCUS
SPHERE SHAPED BACTERIA
22 terms
Chapter 20: Bacteria and Viruses
virus
pathogen
capsid
envelope
a piece of DNA or RNA that is wrapped in a protein coat
a virus, microorganism,or other substances that cause disease…
a protein sheath that surrounds the nucleic acid core in a vi…
a membrane-like layer that covers the capsid of some viruses
virus
a piece of DNA or RNA that is wrapped in a protein coat
pathogen
a virus, microorganism,or other substances that cause disease…
28 terms
Chapter 18: Bacteria and Viruses
clostridium botulinium
treponium palladium
reverse transcriptase
bacteriophage
a genus of mostly gram positive anaerobic spree forming rodli…
veneral diseasse any of a number of diseases transmitted thro…
is the replication oenzyme of retroviruses. because it polyme…
infects bacteria and sometimes destroys them by lysis, or dis…
clostridium botulinium
a genus of mostly gram positive anaerobic spree forming rodli…
treponium palladium
veneral diseasse any of a number of diseases transmitted thro…
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